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Cell Proliferation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205330/effect-of-matrix-stiffness-on-osteoblast-functionalization
#1
Tao Zhang, Shiyu Lin, Xiaoru Shao, Qi Zhang, Changyue Xue, Shu Zhang, Yunfeng Lin, Bofeng Zhu, Xiaoxiao Cai
OBJECTIVES: Stiffness of bone tissue differs response to its physiological or pathological status, such as osteoporosis or osteosclerosis. Consequently, the function of cells residing in bone tissue including osteoblasts (OBs), osteoclasts and osteocytes will be affected. However, to the best of our knowledge, the detailed mechanism of how extracellular matrix stiffness affects OB function remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a study that exposed rat primary OBs to polydimethylsiloxane substrates with varied stiffness to investigate the alterations of cell morphology, osteoblastic differentiation and its potential mechanism in mechanotransduction...
February 15, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205268/the-effect-of-delta-like-1-homologue-on-the-proliferation-and-odontoblastic-differentiation-in-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#2
Shengcai Qi, Yanhong Yan, Yue Wen, Jialiang Li, Jing Wang, Fubo Chen, Xiaoshan Tang, Guangwei Shang, Yuanzhi Xu, Raorao Wang
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the functions of delta-like homologue 1 (DLK1) in the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis was used to determine the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), DLK1, NOTCH1 and p-ERK1/2 in the mouse first maxillary molar. Recombinant lentivirus was constructed to overexpress DLK1 stably in hDPSCs. The cell viability and proliferation of hDPSCs were examined by CCK8 and EdU incorporation assay respectively...
February 15, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150467/lipopolysaccharide-induced-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-proliferation-a-new-potential-therapeutic-target-for-proliferative-vascular-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Dehua Jiang, Yu Yang, Dongye Li
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation is involved in vascular atherosclerosis and restenosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promotes VSMCs proliferation, but the signalling pathways which are involved are not completely understood. The purpose of this review was to summarize the existing knowledge of the role and molecular mechanisms involved in controlling VSMCs proliferation stimulated by LPS and mediated by toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signalling pathways. Moreover, the potential inhibitors of TLR4 signalling for VSMCs proliferation in proliferative vascular diseases are discussed...
February 2, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145066/analysis-of-gene-expression-profiles-between-apical-papilla-tissues-stem-cells-from-apical-papilla-and-cell-sheet-to-identify-the-key-modulators-in-mscs-niche
#4
Shu Diao, Xiao Lin, Liping Wang, Rui Dong, Juan Du, Dongmei Yang, Zhipeng Fan
OBJECTIVES: The microenvironmental niche plays the key role for maintaining the cell functions. The stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) are important for tooth development and regeneration. However, there is limited knowledge about the key factors in niche for maintaining the function of SCAPs. In this study, we analyse the gene expression profiles between apical papilla tissues, SCAPs and SCAPs cell sheet to identify the key genes in SCAPs niche. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microarray assays and bioinformatic analysis were performed to screen the differential genes between apical papilla tissues and SCAPs, and SCAPs and SCAPs cell sheet...
February 1, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144997/explant-culture-an-advantageous-method-for-isolation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-human-tissues
#5
REVIEW
Fatemeh Hendijani
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) research progressively moves towards clinical phases. Accordingly, a wide range of different procedures were presented in the literature for MSC isolation from human tissues; however, there is not yet any close focus on the details to offer precise information for best method selection. Choosing a proper isolation method is a critical step in obtaining cells with optimal quality and yield in companion with clinical and economical considerations. In this concern, current review widely discusses advantages of omitting proteolysis step in isolation process and presence of tissue pieces in primary culture of MSCs, including removal of lytic stress on cells, reduction of in vivo to in vitro transition stress for migrated/isolated cells, reduction of price, processing time and labour, removal of viral contamination risk, and addition of supporting functions of extracellular matrix and released growth factors from tissue explant...
February 1, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133828/a-defined-mix-of-cytokines-mimics-conditioned-medium-from-cultures-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-elicits-bone-regeneration
#6
Wataru Katagiri, Kohei Sakaguchi, Takamasa Kawai, Yukiko Wakayama, Masashi Osugi, Hideharu Hibi
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that conditioned medium from cultures of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells have strong potential to accelerate bone regeneration. We now examine in vitro and in vivo a defined cytokine cocktail that mimics the effects of conditioned medium on bone regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cocktail of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1, vascular endothelial growth factor-A and transforming growth factor-β1 was prepared at concentrations similar to those in conditioned medium...
January 30, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127811/microrna-9-inhibits-the-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-tnfaip8
#7
Hong-Yu Gao, Fu-Chun Huo, Hai-Yan Wang, Dong-Sheng Pei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: MicroRNA-9 is frequently dysregulated in many human carcinoma types, including gastric cancer (GC). Previous studies demonstrated that the expression of TNFAIP8 in GC is correlated with tumour occurrence, development, invasion, metastasis and prognosis. However, till now, the relationship between MicroRNA-9 and TNFAIP8 in GC has not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levels of miR-9 and TNFAIP8 expression in GC tissues and in human GC cell lines were studied using qualitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting...
January 27, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105699/neat1-a-novel-cancer-related-long-non-coding-rna
#8
REVIEW
Xin Yu, Zheng Li, Heyi Zheng, Matthew T V Chan, William Ka Kei Wu
Aberrant overexpression of the long non-coding RNA NEAT1 (nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1) has been documented in different types of solid tumours, such as lung cancer, oesophageal cancer, colorectal cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma, in which its high levels are associated with poor prognosis. In contrast, NEAT1 is downregulated in acute promyelocytic leukaemia where it promotes leucocyte differentiation. In this review, we provide an overview of current evidence concerning the oncogenic role and potential clinical utilities of NEAT1...
January 19, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090705/osteogenic-differentiation-potential-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-from-ovariectomized-mice
#9
Lei Wang, Chenglong Huang, Qing Li, Xiaomei Xu, Lin Liu, Kui Huang, Xiaoxiao Cai, Jingang Xiao
OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis (OP) is a systemic disease caused by imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation, commonly resulting from post-menopausal oestrogen deficiency. Although osteogenic differentiation potential of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) has been demonstrated, the effect of OP on osteogenic differentiation of ASCs remains unclear. Here, our work has been designed to compare proliferative capacity and osteogenic differentiation ability of ASCs obtained from osteoporotic mice and normal control mice...
January 16, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071833/co-culture-with-macrophages-enhances-the-clonogenic-and-invasion-activity-of-endometriotic-stromal-cells
#10
Rachel W S Chan, Cheuk-Lun Lee, Ernest H Y Ng, William S B Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect on endometrial and endometriotic cells after co-culture with macrophages, using clonogenic, invasion and self-renewal assays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood samples, endometrium and endometriotic tissues were collected. Autologous macrophages were co-cultured with endometrial and endometriotic cells. The number of colony-forming units (CFU), invasiveness and self-renewal activity after co-culture with macrophages were determined...
January 10, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054407/from-genetics-to-epigenetics-new-insights-into-keloid-scarring
#11
REVIEW
Yongjing He, Zhenjun Deng, Mansour Alghamdi, Lechun Lu, Mark W Fear, Li He
Keloid scarring is a dermal fibroproliferative response characterized by excessive and progressive deposition of collagen; aetiology and molecular pathology underlying keloid formation and progression remain unclear. Genetic predisposition is important in the pathogenic processes of keloid formation, however, environmental factors and epigenetic mechanisms may also play pivotal roles. Epigenetic modification is a recent area of investigation in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of keloid scarring and there is increasing evidence that epigenetic changes may play a role in induction and persistent activation of fibroblasts in keloid scars...
January 5, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981756/maternal-diabetes-modulates-offspring-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis-during-odontogenesis-via-the-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling-pathway
#12
Guoqing Chen, Wenhua Sun, Yan Liang, Tian Chen, Weihua Guo, Weidong Tian
OBJECTIVES: Maternal gestational diabetes leads to an adverse in utero environment and increases the risk of malformations during embryo organogenesis. In the present study, we analysed the effects of maternal diabetes on tooth germ cell proliferation and apoptosis in offspring, and investigated their underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A rat model of maternal diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and the pregnant rats were divided into three groups: controls, the diabetic group and diabetic group with insulin treatment...
December 16, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976431/inhibition-of-adipose-tissue-ppar%C3%AE-prevents-increased-adipocyte-expansion-after-lipectomy-and-exacerbates-a-glucose-intolerant-phenotype
#13
A D Booth, A M Magnuson, K A Cox-York, Y Wei, D Wang, M J Pagliassotti, M T Foster
OBJECTIVES: Adipose tissue plays a fundamental role in glucose homeostasis. For example, fat removal (lipectomy, LipX) in lean mice, resulting in a compensatory 50% increase in total fat mass, is associated with significant improvement in glucose tolerance. This study was designed to further examine the link between fat removal, adipose tissue compensation and glucose homeostasis using a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR γ; activator of adipogenesis) knockout mouse...
December 15, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976428/long-intragenic-non-coding-rna-lincrna-p21-suppresses-development-of-human-prostate-cancer
#14
Xiaohai Wang, Yuan Ruan, Xingjie Wang, Wei Zhao, Qi Jiang, Chenyi Jiang, Yuyang Zhao, Yongzhi Xu, Feng Sun, Yiping Zhu, Shujie Xia, Dongliang Xu
OBJECTIVES: Prostate cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies in men, worldwide, although its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Long non-coding RNAs participate in development of human cancers. In this invetsigation, we aimed to study the roles of lincRNA-p21 in development of human prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of lincRNA-p21 was assessed by real-time PCR in cell lines and in human tissues. Lentivirus carrying sh-lincRNA-p21, lincRNA-p21 or control constructs were used to determine their effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis...
December 14, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943459/protective-roles-of-melatonin-in-central-nervous-system-diseases-by-regulation-of-neural-stem-cells
#15
REVIEW
Xin Yu, Zheng Li, Heyi Zheng, Jeffery Ho, Matthew T V Chan, William Ka Kei Wu
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are immature precursors of the central nervous system (CNS), with self-renewal and multipotential differentiation abilities. Their proliferation and differentiation are dynamically regulated by hormonal and local factors. Alteration in neurogenesis is associated with many neurological disorders. Increasing evidence suggests that modulation of NSCs can be a promising therapeutic approach for neural injury and neurodegenerative disorders. Melatonin, a pineal gland-derived hormone, regulates the neuroimmuno-endocrine axis and is functionally important to the circadian rhythm, tumour suppression and immunity...
December 12, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910163/serum-amyloid-a-an-acute-phase-protein-stimulates-proliferative-and-proinflammatory-responses-of-keratinocytes
#16
Ning Yu, Shujie Zhang, Jiajing Lu, Ying Li, Xuemei Yi, Li Tang, Lina Su, Yangfeng Ding
OBJECTIVES: Serum amyloid A (SAA), an acute phase protein, is highly expressed in psoriatic lesions but its function is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to explore its role in activation of keratinocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR and immunofluorescence were performed to examine SAA expression in imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis-like mice. In vivo function of SAA was examined by treating psoriasis-like mice with SAA neutralising antibody...
December 2, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910161/mir-29a-regulates-vascular-neointimal-hyperplasia-by-targeting-yy1
#17
Yu Zhang, Yong Hui Li, Chao Liu, Chan-Juan Nie, Xin-Hua Zhang, Cui-Ying Zheng, Wen Jiang, Wei-Na Yin, Ming-Hui Ren, Yu-Xin Jin, Shu-Feng Liu, Bin Zheng, Jin-Kun Wen
OBJECTIVES: The formation of vascular neointima is mainly related to impairment of the vascular endothelial barrier and abnormal proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells. The objective of this study was to investigate whether miR-29a exerts any promoting effect on the vascular neointimal hyperplasia and if so, its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RT-qPCR was performed to determine expression of miR-29a in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and vascular neointimal hyperplasia...
December 2, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905670/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-as-a-new-getaway-for-bone-tissue-engineering-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Farshid Bastami, Pantea Nazeman, Hamidreza Moslemi, Maryam Rezai Rad, Kazem Sharifi, Arash Khojasteh
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are frequently used for bone regeneration, however, they are limited in quantity. Moreover, their proliferation and differentiation capabilities reduce during cell culture expansion. Potential application of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has been reported as a promising alternative source for bone regeneration. This study aimed to systematically review the available literature on osteogenic potential of iPSCs and to discuss methods applied to enhance their osteogenic potential...
December 1, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878916/can-the-outcomes-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-therapy-for-myocardial-infarction-be-improved-providing-weapons-and-armour-to-cells
#19
REVIEW
Andrey A Karpov, Daria V Udalova, Michael G Pliss, Michael M Galagudza
Use of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation after myocardial infarction (MI) has been found to have infarct-limiting effects in numerous experimental and clinical studies. However, recent meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials on MSC-based MI therapy have highlighted the need for improving its efficacy. There are two principal approaches for increasing therapeutic effect of MSCs: (i) preventing massive MSC death in ischaemic tissue and (ii) increasing production of cardioreparative growth factors and cytokines with transplanted MSCs...
November 23, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878894/downregulation-of-b-myb-promotes-senescence-via-the-ros-mediated-p53-p21-pathway-in-vascular-endothelial-cells
#20
Zhihui Zhou, Yanlin Yin, Qun Chang, Guanqun Sun, Jiahui Lin, Yalei Dai
OBJECTIVES: To reveal whether B-myb is involved in preventing senescence of vascular endothelial cells, and if so, to identify possible mechanisms for it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C57/BL6 male mice and primary human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were used. Bleomycin was applied to induce stress-related premature senescence. B-myb knockdown was achieved using an siRNA technique and cell senescence was assessed using the senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) assay...
November 23, 2016: Cell Proliferation
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