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Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal

Sylwia A Fudalej, Dries Desmedt, Ewald Bronkhorst, Piotr S Fudalej
OBJECTIVE:   To investigate which of three methods of rating nasolabial appearance-esthetic index, visual analogue scale (VAS), or numerical scale with reference photographs-is optimal. DESIGN:   Experimental study. SETTING:   Radboud University Medical Centre, The Netherlands and University of Bern, Switzerland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:   Cropped photographs of 60 patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (mean age = 10...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Staffan Morén, Maria Mani, Stålhammar Lilian, Per Åke Lindestad, Mats Holmström
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate speech in adults treated for unilateral cleft lip and palate with one-stage or two-stage palate closure and compare the speech of the patients with that of a noncleft control group. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study with long-term follow-up. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING:   All unilateral cleft lip and palate patients born from 1960 to 1987 and treated at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, were invited (n = 109). Participation rate was 67% (n = 73) at a mean of 35 years after primary surgery...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Nicolas E Sierra, Ada Ferrer-Fuertes, Bárbara Salazar-Perez, Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Carles Martí-Pages, Alejandro Rivera-Baró, Josep Rubio Palau, Eloy M García-Diez
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this study was to evaluate a technique for the surgical repositioning of the premaxilla using a minimally invasive endonasal approach. DESIGN:   Retrospective review of clinical records. SETTING:   Tertiary care, University Hospital, pediatric maxillofacial surgery unit. PATIENTS:   Twenty-one patients (12 boys and 9 girls), ages ranging from 6 to 21 years, with BCLP+A and premaxillary malposition (PM)...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Yoshikazu Inoue, Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Masanori Sugimoto, Hidehito Inagaki, Hiroko Boda, Masafumi Miyata, Hideteru Kato, Hiroki Kurahashi, Takayuki Okumoto
Craniofrontonasalsyndrome (CFNS) is a very rare genetic disorder, the common physical malformations of which include coronal synostosis, widely spaced eyes, clefting of the nasal tip, and various skeletal anomalies. Mutations of EFNB1, which encodes a member of the ephrin family of transmembrane ligands for Eph receptor tyrosine kinases, is the cause of CFNS. Although familial CFNS cases have been reported, no studies in the literature describe familial cases of CFNS expressing bilateral cleft lip and palate...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Vikram A Shankar, Alison Snyder-Warwick, Gary B Skolnick, Albert S Woo, Kamlesh B Patel
OBJECTIVE:   We aim to establish consistent time points for evaluating palatal fistula incidence to standardize reporting practices and clarify prospective literature. DESIGN:   An institutional retrospective chart review was conducted on 76 patients with unilateral or bilateral complete cleft lip and palate who underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting between 2006 and 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:   Early fistula incidence rates were reported prior to maxillary expansion, and late fistula rates were reported at the time of alveolar bone grafting...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Gwen M Taylor, Gregory M Cooper, Joseph E Losee, Mark P Mooney, James Gilbert
Craniosynostosis (CS) has a prevalence of approximately 1 in every 2000 live births and is characterized by the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures. Failure to maintain the cell lineage boundary at the coronal suture is thought to be involved in the pathology of some forms of CS. The Ephrin family of receptor tyrosine kinases consists of membrane-bound receptors and ligands that control cell patterning and the formation of developmental boundaries. Mutations in the ephrin A4 (EFNA4) and ephrin B1 (EFNB1) ligands have been linked to nonsyndromic CS and craniofrontonasal syndrome, respectively, in patient samples...
January 30, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
(no author information available yet)
Dear CPCJ Peer Reviewers, As we start 2017, it is again time to say thank you to all the 2016 peer reviewers. Published bimonthly with a global readership, CPCJ is the official organ of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. For the six issues of Volume 53, 2016, 114 articles were published in 963 pages with 756 print pages and 207 online-only pages. Three hundred and forty-six manuscripts were received and 321 were processed by 23 Section Editors and reviewed by 355 peer reviewers. Through your collective efforts and expertise, the quality of CPCJ continues to grow...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Lynn Marty Grames, Mary Blount Stahl
PROBLEM:   Children with cleft-related articulation disorders receive ineffectual or inappropriate speech therapy locally due to lack of training and a disconnect between the team and local speech-language pathologists. SOLUTION:   A collaborative care program that is billable for the team allows the local speech-language pathologist to earn continuing education units and facilitates effective local speech therapy. This program is the first of its kind, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Continuing Education Board for Speech Pathology...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Xingang Yuan, Xiaomeng He, Xuan Zhang, Cuiping Liu, Chen Wang, Lin Qiu, Wei Pu, Yuexian Fu
OBJECTIVE:   Tocompare the effect of folic acid (FA) and α-naphthoflavone on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced cleft palate in fetal mice. DESIGN:   Pregnant mice were randomly divided into seven groups. The mice treated with corn oil were used as a negative control. The mice in the other six groups were given a single dose of 28 μg/kg TCDD on GD 10 by gavage. For FA treatment, TCDD-treated mice were also dosed with 5, 10, and 15 mg/kg FA on GD 10, while for α-naphthoflavone treatment, the mice received a single dose of 50 μg/kg or 5 mg/kg α-naphthoflavone on GD 10...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Ramon Manuel Aleman, Maria Guadalupe Martinez
In 1976, Paul Tessier provided a numerical classification system for rare facial clefts, numbered from 0 to 14. The Tessier 3 cleft is a rare facial cleft extending from the philtrum of the upper lip through the wing of the nostril, and reaches the medial canthus of the eye. The aim of this document was to describe a pre-Hispanic anthropomorphic figurine dating from the classic period (200 A.D.-900 A.D.), which has a Tessier 3 cleft. We also discuss the documented pre-Hispanic beliefs about facial clefts.
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Daniel C Lee, Oluwaseun A Adetayo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Alison Kaye, Kristi Thaete, Audrey Snell, Connie Chesser, Claudia Goldak, Helen Huff
OBJECTIVE:   To assess and quantify cleft team practices with regard to nutritional support in the neonatal period Design :  Retrospective review. SETTING:   Tertiary pediatric hospital. PATIENTS:   One hundred consecutive newborn patients with a diagnosis of cleft lip and/or cleft palate between 2009 and 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:   Birth weight, cleft type, initial cleft team weight measurements, initial feeding practices, recommended nutritional interventions, and follow-up nutritional assessments...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Brandon W Pierson, Brandon S Cardon, Michael P Anderson, Robert S Glade
OBJECTIVE:   This article evaluates postoperative analgesia in pediatric palatoplasty patients using nonopioid oral medications. DESIGN:   This study was a retrospective chart review. SETTING:   The setting for this study was a tertiary-care children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS:   Study participants were pediatric patients who underwent palatoplasty procedures performed by a single surgeon. INTERVENTIONS:   Interventions included nonopioid and opioid oral medications for postoperative analgesia...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Mahmood Abd Al-Fahdawi, Mary Medhat Farid, Mona Abou El-Fotouh, Marwa Abdelwahab El-Kassaby
OBJECTIVE:   To assess the nasopharyngeal airway volume, cross-sectional area, and depth in previously repaired nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate versus bilateral cleft lip and palate patients compared with noncleft controls using cone-beam computed tomography with the ultimate goal of finding whether cleft lip and palate patients are more liable to nasopharyngeal airway obstruction. DESIGN:   A retrospective analysis comparing bilateral cleft lip and palate, unilateral cleft lip and palate, and control subjects...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Zhao Guiran, Wang Ying, Wang Guijun, Wang Chengyue, Yao Yusheng
OBJECTIVE:   The purpose of this study was to evaluate the administration of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on trans-sutural distraction osteogenesis (TSDO) of the transverse palatal suture in growing dogs. STUDY DESIGN:   A total of 36 growing dogs were used in this study. The experimental animals were treated with different elastic force and rhBMP-2. The bone regeneration was determined with X-ray, histology, and clinical evaluation...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Kavit Amin, Wee Sim Khor, Anais Rosich-Medina, Victoria Beale
OBJECTIVE:   Review of patients who underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting for total inpatient stay, postoperative complications, and postoperative analgesic requirements. DESIGN:   Retrospective analysis of medical records. SETTING:   Tertiary care center as part of a regional cleft lip and palate network. PATIENTS:   All patients who underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting from the iliac crest. INTERVENTIONS:   Local anesthetic was infiltrated overlying the anterior iliac crest...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Dorota Cudzilo, Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Barbara Obloj
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare anomaly of the neck. This paper presents the case of a boy diagnosed with this disorder in which a preliminary orthodontic treatment was implemented. The craniofacial anomalies associated with this malformation produced a defect that could only be successfully treated through the implementation of orthodontic and surgical treatments. In this case, congenital midline cervical cleft was accompanied by certain disorders within the facial structures of the skull, primarily mandibular retrusion, flattening of the contour of the mandibular base, and a steep angle between the cranial base and the mandibular plane...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Alexander C Allori, John B Mulliken, John G Meara, Stephen Shusterman, Jeffrey R Marcus
Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) is phenotypically diverse, making classification difficult. This article explores the evolution of ideas regarding CL/P classification and includes the schemes described by Davis and Ritchie (1922) , Brophy (1923) , Veau (1931) , Fogh-Andersen (1943), Kernahan and Stark (1958) , Harkins et al. (1962) , Broadbent et al. (1968), Spina (1973) , and others. Based on these systems, a longhand structured form is proposed for describing CL/P in a way that is clear, comprehensive, and consistent...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Teresa A Ruegg, Margaret E Cooper, Elizabeth J Leslie, Matthew D Ford, George L Wehby, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Andrew E Czeizel, Jacqueline T Hecht, Mary L Marazita, Seth M Weinberg
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS:   Chronic ear infections are a common occurrence in children with orofacial clefts involving the secondary palate. Less is known about the middle ear status of individuals with isolated clefts of the lip, although several studies have reported elevated rates of ear infection in this group. The purpose of this retrospective study was to test the hypothesis that chronic ear infections occur more frequently in isolated cleft lip cases (n = 94) compared with controls (n = 183)...
March 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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