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Drugs & Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097633/meropenem-dosing-based-on-a-population-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-model-in-elderly-patients-with-infection-of-the-lower-respiratory-tract
#1
Qing-Tao Zhou, Bei He, Ning Shen, Ying Liang, Li-Na Sun
BACKGROUND: Meropenem is used for the treatment of severe lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the clinical benefits of a strategy of meropenem dosing based on a population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) model in elderly patients with an LRTI. METHODS: In this prospective single-center open-label randomized controlled trial, 79 elderly patients with an LRTI caused by Gram-negative bacilli were randomized to a study group (SG) or a control group (CG)...
January 17, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074410/improving-medication-adherence-and-health-outcomes-in-older-adults-an-evidence-based-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Zachary A Marcum, Joseph T Hanlon, Michael D Murray
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a major public health problem in older adults often resulting in negative health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to provide an updated summary of evidence from randomized controlled studies to determine whether interventions aimed at improving medication adherence also improve the health outcomes of older adults residing in community-based settings. METHODS: Articles that assessed medication adherence interventions and related health outcomes in elderly individuals were identified through searches of MEDLINE (1970-June 2016), the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (through to June 2016), and Google Scholar...
January 10, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074409/management-of-depression-in-patients-with-dementia-is-pharmacological-treatment-justified
#3
REVIEW
Andrew H Ford, Osvaldo P Almeida
Depression in the context of dementia is common and contributes to poorer outcomes in individuals and those who care for them. Non-pharmacological treatments are the preferred initial approach to managing these symptoms but data in support of these are scarce. There are a number of pharmacological treatment options available to clinicians but efficacy is uncertain and concern about potential side effects in an aging and vulnerable population needs to be taken into consideration. This review aims to provide a concise overview of pharmacological treatments for depression in dementia...
January 10, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025725/theory-based-interventions-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-older-adults-prescribed-polypharmacy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Deborah E Patton, Carmel M Hughes, Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín A Ryan
BACKGROUND: Previous interventions have shown limited success in improving medication adherence in older adults, and this may be due to the lack of a theoretical underpinning. OBJECTIVE: This review sought to determine the effectiveness of theory-based interventions aimed at improving medication adherence in older adults prescribed polypharmacy and to explore the extent to which psychological theory informed their development. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases were searched from inception to March 2015, and extensive hand-searching was conducted...
December 26, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004259/can-a-multifaceted-intervention-including-motivational-interviewing-improve-medication-adherence-quality-of-life-and-mortality-rates-in-older-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-with-18-month-follow-up
#5
Chung-Ying Lin, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Dan Malm, Anders Broström, Bengt Fridlund, Andrea Burri, Thomas L Webb
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are required to take a complex regimen of medications for extended periods, and they may have negative outcomes because they struggle to adhere to this regimen. Designing effective interventions to promote medication adherence in this patient group is therefore important. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of a multifaceted intervention (psycho-education, motivational interviewing, and short message services) on medication adherence, quality of life (QoL), and mortality rates in older patients undergoing CABG surgery...
December 21, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000156/predicting-the-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-older-inpatients-external-validation-of-the-gerontonet-adr-risk-score-using-the-crime-cohort
#6
Mirko Petrovic, Balamurugan Tangiisuran, Chakravarthi Rajkumar, Tischa van der Cammen, Graziano Onder
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in older people are often preventable, indicating that screening and prevention programs aimed at reducing their rate are needed in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to externally validate the GerontoNet ADR risk score and to assess its validity in specific subpopulations of older inpatients. METHODS: Data from the prospective CRIteria to assess appropriate Medication use among Elderly complex patients (CRIME) cohort were used...
December 20, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915457/combined-use-of-the-rationalization-of-home-medication-by-an-adjusted-stopp-in-older-patients-rasp-list-and-a-pharmacist-led-medication-review-in-very-old-inpatients-impact-on-quality-of-prescribing-and-clinical-outcome
#7
Lorenz Van der Linden, Liesbeth Decoutere, Karolien Walgraeve, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing, Isabel Spriet, Jos Tournoy
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate drugs have been associated with negative outcomes in older adults which might be reduced by pharmacist interventions. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effect of a pharmacist intervention, consisting of the application of the Rationalization of home medication by an Adjusted STOPP in older Patients (RASP) list and a pharmacist-led medication review on polypharmacy, the quality of prescribing, and clinical outcome in geriatric inpatients...
December 3, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913982/pharmacological-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-elderly
#8
REVIEW
Andrzej Bozek
Recent studies suggest that allergic rhinitis is highly prevalent in the elderly population, but is underdiagnosed and undertreated. This review article briefly introduces allergic rhinitis in the elderly (epidemiology and pathophysiology) and identifies the main goals of treatment in these patients with respect to age-related physiological factors, comorbid conditions and polypharmacy. The primary focus of the article is a narrative review of the literature concerning the different types of treatment options in elderly patients aged 60+ years (pharmacological therapy and allergen-specific immunotherapy)...
December 3, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913981/the-challenges-of-anaesthesia-and-pain-relief-in-hip-fracture-care
#9
Rachel Cowan, Jun Hao Lim, Terence Ong, Ashok Kumar, Opinder Sahota
The care of the older person with hip fracture is complicated by their comorbid condition, limited physiological reserve, cognitive impairment and frailty. Two aspects of hip fracture management that have received considerable attention are how best to manage the pain associated with it and the ideal mode of anaesthesia. Existing literature has reported on the suboptimal treatment of pain in this orthogeriatric cohort. With recent advancements in medical care, a number of options have emerged as alternatives to conservative systemic analgesia...
December 3, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896799/a-comparison-of-sex-differences-in-psychotropic-medication-use-in-older-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-us-and-finland
#10
Daniela C Moga, Heidi Taipale, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Qishan Wu, Gregory A Jicha, Danijela Gnjidic
AIMS: Given the high prevalence of psychotropic medication use in people with dementia and the potential for different prescribing practices in men and women, our study aimed to investigate sex differences in psychotropic medication use in older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) living in the US and Finland. METHODS: We used data collected between 2005 and 2011 as part of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) in the US, and Medication use and Alzheimer's disease (MEDALZ) cohorts in Finland...
November 28, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878527/acknowledgement-to-referees
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873152/a-comparison-of-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-properties-between-faster-acting-insulin-aspart-and-insulin-aspart-in-elderly-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Tim Heise, Ulrike Hövelmann, Eric Zijlstra, Kirstine Stender-Petersen, Jacob Bonde Jacobsen, Hanne Haahr
BACKGROUND: Due to population aging, an increasing number of elderly patients with diabetes use insulin. It is therefore important to investigate the characteristics of new insulins in this population. Faster-acting insulin aspart (faster aspart) is insulin aspart (IAsp) in a new formulation with faster absorption. This study investigated the pharmacological properties of faster aspart in elderly subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: In a randomised, double-blind, two-period crossover trial, 30 elderly (≥65 years) and 37 younger adults (18-35 years) with T1DM received single subcutaneous faster aspart or IAsp dosing (0...
November 21, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838819/risk-factors-for-initiation-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Virva Hyttinen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Hannu Valtonen
BACKGROUND: Various criteria have been created to define potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) to help improve the quality and safety of medicine use in older patients. Individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be at higher risk of adverse drug events associated with PIMs (such as falls). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the risk factors for PIM initiation in a nationwide cohort of community dwellers aged ≥65 years with and without AD. METHODS: The Finnish nationwide MEDALZ cohort includes all patients diagnosed with AD in 2005-2011 (n = 70,718) and two comparison individuals without AD (non-AD) matched for age, sex and region of residence for each person with AD...
November 12, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830567/prevalence%C3%A2-of-and-resident-and-facility-characteristics-associated-with-antipsychotic-use-in-assisted-living-vs-long-term-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-alberta-canada
#14
Kathryn J Stock, Joseph E Amuah, Kate L Lapane, David B Hogan, Colleen J Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate antipsychotic use in long-term care (LTC) facilities has been the focus of significant policy and clinical attention over the past 20 years. However, most initiatives aimed at reducing the use of these medications have overlooked assisted living (AL) settings. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the prevalence of antipsychotic use (including potentially inappropriate use) among older AL and LTC residents and to explore the resident and facility-level factors associated with use in these two populations...
November 9, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830566/ace-inhibitors-and-sarcopenia-covering-all-the-bases
#15
LETTER
Jochen Springer, Stephan von Haehling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812994/a-review-of-adverse-outcomes-associated-with-psychoactive-drug-use-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#16
REVIEW
Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Treatment guidelines generally recommend careful assessment and non-pharmacological treatment approaches for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. However, the inappropriate use of psychoactive drugs in patients with dementia in nursing homes is still prevalent. The aim of this narrative review is to summarise and criticize the most recent data investigating the adverse outcomes related to psychoactive drug use, specifically antipsychotics, antidepressants and benzodiazepines, in patients with dementia living in nursing homes...
November 4, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798767/practical-management-of-anaesthesia-in-the-elderly
#17
Camilla Strøm, Lars Simon Rasmussen, Jacob Steinmetz
The elderly population is rapidly growing and particularly diverse. Ageing leads to reduced organ function and a decline in physiologic reserve. Elderly patients are characterised by great inter-individual variability in physiological function with a high prevalence of chronic disease. In general, older patients have a higher risk of postoperative adverse outcomes, and frailty is a very important risk factor. This review article aims to provide a practical guide to anaesthetic management of the elderly surgical patient...
October 31, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928779/how-antibiotics-should-be-prescribed-to-hospitalized-elderly-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#18
Forest W Arnold
Elderly patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) should be administered antimicrobials in the emergency department prior to transfer to the ward or intensive care unit (ICU). For ward patients, a β-lactam with a macrolide or a respiratory fluoroquinolone alone should be given to cover typical and atypical pathogens. For ICU patients, a β-lactam with either a macrolide or a fluoroquinolone should be given. Other regimens are indicated if methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a concern...
January 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878526/intravenous-vancomycin-dosing-in-the-elderly-a-focus-on-clinical-issues-and-practical-application
#19
Katie E Barber, Allison M Bell, Kayla R Stover, Jamie L Wagner
The elderly population can be divided into three distinct age groups: 65-74 years (young-old), 75-84 years (middle-old), and 85+ years (old-old). Despite evidence of a shift in leading causes for mortality in the elderly from infectious diseases to chronic conditions, infections are still a serious cause of death in this population. These patients are at increased risk due to weakened immune systems, an increased prevalence of underlying comorbidities, and decreased physiologic reserves to fight infection. Additionally, elderly patients, especially adults in institutional settings, are at an increased risk of colonization and subsequent infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at a rate that is five times higher than in younger individuals, causing an increase in empiric and definitive vancomycin use...
December 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830568/psychosis-in-parkinson-disease-a-review-of-etiology-phenomenology-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Niyatee Samudra, Neepa Patel, Kyle B Womack, Pravin Khemani, Shilpa Chitnis
Parkinson disease psychosis (PDP) is a common phenomenon in Parkinson disease (PD) patients treated with dopaminergic drugs, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It also correlates with depression and dementia, and can contribute to considerable caregiver stress and burnout. While symptoms can be relieved by decreasing doses or number of anti-PD medications, this may lead to an unacceptable worsening of motor function. When general medical or psychiatric conditions have been ruled out, and decreasing dopaminergic agents is not effective in treating psychosis, therapies include atypical antipsychotics, primarily clozapine and quetiapine...
December 2016: Drugs & Aging
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