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Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

Bahram Eslami Farsani, Samaneh Karimi, Esrafil Mansouri
Background The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of pravastatin (PS) against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced testicular toxicity. Methods A total of 24 healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into four groups. Group I received normal saline, Group II received PS (20 mg/kg b.w.) by gavage, Group III was treated with DOX alone (15 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) and Group IV received the combination of DOX and PS. Results After 8 weeks, the results displayed that DOX caused a decrease in testicular volume and index, epididymal sperm count, seminiferous tubule diameter and germinal epithelium...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Priya Arjunwadekar, Savitri Parvatgouda Siddanagoudra
Background A significant relationship has been documented in the literature between the autonomic nervous system imbalance and cardiovascular mortality. In patients with autonomic failure, water ingestion has been shown to increase blood pressure (BP), induce bradycardia, and cause low heart rate variability (HRV). A few studies showed the altered HRV as an acute effect of ice water intake in healthy subjects. None of the studies have shown light on the relationship of BP and HRV to ice water intake in obese and overweight subjects...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Bisi O Adeoye, Ademola A Oyagbemi, Ebunoluwa R Asenuga, Temidayo O Omobowale, Adeolu A Adedapo
Background Cisplatin (CP) is a novel drug of choice in the treatment of cancer but its major limitation is nephrotoxicity, which is dose limiting. Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a common Indian dietary component. It is well known for its medicinal properties. This present study investigated the nephroprotective effect of ethanol leaf extract of Andrographis paniculata (EEAP) on CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Methods CP was used to induce nephrotoxicity in male Wistar rats to study the effect of EEAP on renal damages using hematological parameters, biochemical parameters, histology, and immunohistochemistry studies...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Hamid Behrouj, Nasrin Ziamajidi, Roghayeh Abbasalipourkabir, Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi, Massoud Saidijam
Background Liver dysfunction is a predominant complication of diabetes. Herbal remedies such as garlic are commonly used for reducing diabetic complications. In this study the effect of garlic extract on glucose level, liver enzymes activities in the serum and nitric oxide (NO) level, oxidative stress status, and histology in the liver tissues of streptozotocin-induced diabetes (type 1) was investigated. Methods Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats were randomized and divided into four groups: control rats, diabetic rats, diabetic rats treated with garlic, and garlic-treated normal rats...
November 24, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Ranbir Singh
Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is a form of unwanted reaction and is the crucial reason for illness and death. Tramadol-induced parkinsonism is a kind of ADR that occurs after the repeated intake of tramadol. Long-term exposure to tramadol has been known to induce tremor and alter the functioning of dopamine. This case report introduces a 75-year-old woman diagnosed with tramadol-induced parkinsonism due to the administration of tramadol for the treatment of post-operated (breast cancer) acute onset of severe pain on the left side of the chest...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Senthil Kumar Subramanian, Vivek Kumar Sharma, Rajathi Rajendran
Background Somatotype is a quantified expression of the morphological conformation of a person in terms of three-numeral rating each representing one component; fat (endomorphy), muscle mass (mesomorphy) and bone length (ectomorphy) in the same order. Certain somatotypes are more prone to develop the particular disease. Obesity and overweight are already epidemic among Indian adolescents and are increasing at an alarming rate, and obesity is linked to cardiovascular (CV) risk in this age group. Identifying the heart rate variability (HRV) is an established non-invasive test to identify the CV risk...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Stephen Adeniyi Adefegha, Sunday I Oyeleye, Bathlomew M Okeke, Ganiyu Oboh
Background Eugenol is the foremost constituent of clove oil and widely distributed in many plants. It possesses many pharmaceutical applications, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumorigenic properties, among others. This study evaluates the influence of eugenol on oxidative stress biomarkers in the liver of carrageenan-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Methods Sixty albino rats were randomly divided into 10 (n=6) groups. Group I is the control group that received saline solution orally. Groups II and VII rats received 2...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Danielle Fokam, Christian Lehmann
Background Infrared thermography (IRT) provides accurate measurements of surface temperatures. In inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, tissue temperature is elevated, which can be measured on the periarticular skin surface by IRT. The aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence for the relationship between skin temperature (measured by IRT) and arthritic knee pain and discuss the limitations of IRT in clinical settings of arthritis. Method To reach this goal, a mini-review of all the relevant papers indexed in PubMed was conducted...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Godwin C Akuodor, Linus K Eban, Gloria Ahunna Ajoku, Ndubuisi N Nwobodo, Joseph L Akpan, Basil C Ezeokpo, Kenneth I Nwadike, Daniel Oj Aja
Background Salacial lehmbachii stem bark is used traditionally for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. Treatment of diabetes is necessary to reduce these complications. Methods In this study, the antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic potential of S. lehmbachii ethanol stem bark extract was evaluated in alloxan-induced diabetic rats at a dose of 100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg, and 400 mg/kg p.o. daily for 21 days. Blood glucose levels, serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) were assessed in the animals...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Deepika Velusami, Sivaranjini Sivasubramanian
Background Altered lifestyle and urbanization have potentially increased the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) among the women in India. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the autonomic function and subclinical cognition impairment using evoked potentials in PCOS-affected young adolescents. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, approved by Indian Medical of Council Research as a short-term student project. The study was performed with adolescent girls (age group, 10-18 years) diagnosed as having PCOS, attending the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Funmileyi O Awobajo, Ayodele O Morakinyo, Titilola A Samuel, Oluwakemi T Oyelowo, Abimbola O Ogunsola, Perpetual U Onyekwele, Mosunmola E Okedina, Oluwadamilola O Ogunbanwo
Background Genistein was reported to adversely influence fetal development although this is yet to be fully understood as a mechanism. Methods In this study, pregnant rats were divided into control (Cont.) and genistein force-fed (2-mg/kg and 4-mg/kg) groups. Each group was divided further into five subgroups: GD-0, GD-6, GD-13, GD-18, and GD-20 based on the terminal gestational day (GD). On the respective terminal GD, the rats were sacrificed and blood samples and amniotic fluid were carefully collected and separated and placenta homogenates were prepared...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi, Ismail O Ishola, Elizabeth T Adesanya, Destiny O Alohan
Background Tetracera alnifolia Willd. (Dilleniaceae) is used in traditional African Medicine for the treatment of headache, abdominal pain, and rheumatism. Hence, this study sought to investigate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the hydroethanolic leaf extract of T. alnifolia (HeTA) in rodents. Methods Antinociceptive activity was evaluated using the acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin-/capsaicin-induced paw licking and hot plate tests in mice. The contribution of opioidergic, l-arginine-nitric oxide, and ATP-sensitive potassium channel pathways in HeTA-induced antinociception was also evaluated...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Abin Chandrakumar, Aseem Bhardwaj, Geert W 't Jong
Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and Korsakoff psychosis (KP), together termed Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS), are distinct yet overlapping neuropsychiatric disorders associated with thiamine deficiency. Thiamine pyrophosphate, the biologically active form of thiamine, is essential for multiple biochemical pathways involved in carbohydrate utilization. Both genetic susceptibilities and acquired deficiencies as a result of alcoholic and non-alcoholic factors are associated with thiamine deficiency or its impaired utilization...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Lili Enayatfard, Reza Mohebbati, Saeed Niazmand, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mohammad Naser Shafei
Background This study investigated the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) and its active component, thymoquinone (TQ) on hypertension induced by angiotensin II (AngII), the main product of renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Methods Seven animal groups (n=7 for each group) were used as follows: (1) control, (2) AngII (300 ng/kg), (3) AngII+losartan (Los; 10 mg/kg), (4) TQ (40 mg/kg)+AngII, and (5-7) three doses of N. sativa (200, 400, and 600 mg/kg)+AngII. Los and AngII were injected intravenously; TQ and extracts were injected intraperitoneally...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Shaimaa M Bashar, Shereen M Samir El-Sherbeiny, Mohamed Z Boraie
Background Acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of death all over the world. Irisin is a novel myokine released after exercise. This work aimed to study the correlation between the serum irisin level and the severity of the acute myocardial infarction in the exercise-trained rats. Methods Forty-eight male rats were classified into four groups (12 for each): group I, control sedentary (C); group II, exercise-trained (EX) (swimming for 8 weeks); group III, isoprenaline-induced infarct (MI); and group IV, exercise-trained infarct (EX-MI) (swimming for 8 weeks followed by isoprenaline-induced infarction)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Thekkuttuparambil A Ajith
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors that are expressed in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. They are involved in the cellular adaptations by improving the metabolism of glucose and enhance the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor and angiopoietin, thereby they play a pivotal role in the angiogenesis. Hypoxia can increase the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B which promotes the pro-inflammatory status. Abnormally high angiogenesis, inflammation, antiapoptosis and anaerobic glycolysis can augment the progression and metastasis of tumor...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Yibala I Oboma, Ekramy Elmorsy, Wayne Grant Carter
Background Glyphae brevis leaf is reported in ethnomedicine as a treatment for hepatitis and jaundice; however, no studies have hitherto investigated the mechanistic basis of these claims. Methods A hepato-protective role of G. brevis hydromethanolic (GBH) leaf extract was established against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity. Twenty-four hours after a CCl4 challenge, rats were sacrificed and serum hematological indices, lipid profile, and biochemical parameters were determined. The antioxidant enzymes parameters (glutathione, catalase, and superoxide dismutase) and lipid peroxidation product (thiobarbituric reactive substances) levels in liver homogenates were evaluated...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Oumar Mahamat, Tume Christopher, Njouonkou Andre-Ledoux, Amadoh Jude, Nfor Ndiane, Kamanyi Albert
Background Globally, Termitomyces letestui is used by different communities to treat various illnesses, including bacterial infection, although with limited scientific evidence. The current study aims to assess the immunomodulatory and antibacterial properties of the water extract of a wild mushroom, T. letestui in mice model. Methods The base study was completed following the standard methods and procedures using white mice Mus musculus. The immunomodulatory was investigated for humoral and cell-mediated response in both the normal and dexamethasone-immunosuppressed mice...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Hilal Ahmad, Vijay L Kumar
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic mucosal inflammation of the large intestine restricted to the rectum and colon. Its clinical course follows an intermittent pattern with episodes of relapse, followed by remission and eventually resulting in mucosal damage. Although there is no permanent cure for UC, the currently available pharmacotherapy aims to induce and maintain clinical remission, promote the healing of colonic mucosa and avert any surgical intervention. The conventional drug therapy comprising of 5-aminosalicylates, thiopurines and corticosteroids has advanced recently in terms of formulations and dosing schedule, resulting in improved efficacy, safety and compliance...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Deotima Sarkar, Arijit Chakraborty, Adipa Saha, Amar K Chandra
Background Iodine is a nonpareil constituent of thyroid hormones (THs) and a prime regulator of thyroid gland functioning. Although essential at recommended levels for the prevention of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs), exposure to excess iodine reportedly causes hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and several other emerging deleterious impacts. The objective of the present study is to explore the influence of excess iodide exposure on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism along with the histoarchitecture of certain associated organs such as the pancreas, liver, kidney, and skeletal and cardiac muscle because information on those aspects was found to be scanty...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
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