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Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232194/persistent-ventricular-bigeminy-during-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-report-of-an-11-year-old-child
#1
Sheetal Dalal, Vikas Chaudhari
An 11-year-old male child with fractures in both bones in his left forearm presented for open reduction and internal fixation. The pre-anesthetic check-up and investigations did not reveal any pre-existing underlying cardio-respiratory disease. The patient had an uneventful peri-operative period during the operation and was comfortable without any anxiety or restlessness. After an uneventful induction and intubation as per routine protocol, the patient received 600 mg of amoxicillin+clavunate intravenously as an antibiotic...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220885/indexes-of-the-erythropoietin-level-in-the-blood-plasma-of-chronic-heart-failure-patients-with-anemia
#2
Kamala Kh Zahidova
BACKGROUND: Anemia aggravates the disease course and the survival rate of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of erythropoietin (EPO) in CHF patients with anemic syndrome, with the aim to more accurately assess the severity of the disease and its treatment, depending on the anemia degree. METHODS: Patients with ischemic CHF of I-IV functional class (FC) with and without anemia were examined (total number of patients=208, patients with anemia=174)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176020/antidiarrheal-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-the-ethanol-extract-from-the-icacina-senegalensis-root-bark
#3
Godwin C Akuodor, Ndubuisi N Nwobodo, Anthony U Megwas, Joseph L Akpan, Daniel C Nwachukwu, Ebere C Asika, Kingsley C Chilaka
BACKGROUND: The Icacina senegalensis root bark is traditionally used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in Nigeria. To date, no scientific study has substantiated or refuted this claim. METHODS: The antidiarrheal and antimicrobial activities of the ethanol root bark extract were investigated in rats and against some selected diarrhea-causing microorganisms. RESULTS: The extract significantly decreased the frequency of castor oil-induced diarrhea, and inhibited the masses and volumes of intestinal fluid accumulation in the castor oil-induced enteropooling method...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161233/swimming-but-not-vitamin-e-ameliorates-prothrombotic-state-and-hypofibrinolysis-in-a-rat-model-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Hussein F Sakr, Amr M Abbas, Mohamed A Haidara
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with a systemic procoagulant hypofibrinolysis state that is considered as a risk factor for microangiopathy and peripheral vascular diseases. Swimming exercise ameliorates the metabolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant that reduces the risk of endothelial dysfunction in metabolic syndrome. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of combined swimming exercise with vitamin E on coagulation as well as blood fibrinolysis markers in rats with NAFLD...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150990/prevalence-of-dry-eye-disease-and-its-association-with-dyslipidemia
#5
Krishnamoorthy Rathnakumar, Kaliaperumal Ramachandran, Durairaj Baba, Venkatachalam Ramesh, Velusamy Anebaracy, Ramachandran Vidhya, Rajamanickam Vinothkumar, Ramamurthy Poovitha, Rajagopalan Geetha
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disease significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study is to focus on the prevalence of DED and to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and DED. METHODS: The study was performed with the age group of 25-70 years, who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department at Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of dry eye. A standard questionnaire was taken, and tear film tests were performed to diagnose dry eye...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127762/anti-invasive-and-antiproliferative-effects-of-pleurotus-ostreatus-extract-on-acute-leukemia-cell-lines
#6
Alireza Ebrahimi, Amir Atashi, Masoud Soleimani, Maedeh Mashhadikhan, Ahmadreza Barahimi, Amirhossein Maghari
BACKGROUND: Currently, mushrooms have been used in traditional and folk medicines for their therapeutic activities, such as antibiotic, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antileukemic and immunomodulatory actions. This investigation evaluates the anti-invasive, antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of Pleurotus ostreatus (Pleurotaceae) on leukemia cell lines. METHODS: The proliferation of KG-1 cells was measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay after treatment with gradient dilutions of P...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127761/seizure-vulnerability-and-anxiety-responses-following-chronic-co-administration-and-acute-withdrawal-of-caffeine-and-ethanol-in-a-rat-model
#7
Daniel Matovu, Paul E Alele
BACKGROUND: Caffeine antagonizes the intoxicating effects of alcohol. Consequently, there has been a dramatic global increase in the consumption of caffeinated drinks together with alcohol, especially among young adults. We assessed the seizure vulnerability and anxiety responses following the chronic co-administration of, and withdrawal from, caffeine and ethanol in male rats. METHODS: The rats were randomly assigned to six groups consisting of 10 animals each: 10 mg/kg of caffeine, 20 mg/kg of caffeine, 4 g/kg of 20% ethanol, combined caffeine (20 mg/kg) and ethanol (4 g/kg of 20%), 4 mL/kg distilled water, and an untreated control group...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116933/first-line-antituberculosis-drugs-disrupt-endocrine-balance-and-induce-ovarian-and-uterine-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#8
Olayinka A Adebayo, Omolola A Adesanoye, Olalekan A Abolaji, Aderemi O Kehinde, Oluwatosin A Adaramoye
BACKGROUND: The first-line antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs, isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF), ethambutol (EMB), and pyrazinamide (PZA), are effective in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, the toxicity of these drugs in the clinical setting limits their use. Here, we evaluated the effects of anti-TB drugs on the reproductive system in female rats. METHODS: Thirty-five female Wistar rats were assigned into five groups of seven animals each. The control group received normal saline, whereas others received INH (5 mg/kg), RIF (10 mg/kg), EMB (15 mg/kg), and PZA (15 mg/kg) through gavage thrice a week for 8 consecutive weeks...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016352/in-vitro-ovicidal-activity-of-poly-lactic-acid-curcumin-nisin-co-entrapped-nanoparticle-against-fasciola-spp-eggs-and-its-reproductive-toxicity
#9
Oyetunde Oyeyemi, Odunayo Adegbeyeni, Ifeoluwa Oyeyemi, Jairam Meena, Amulya Panda
BACKGROUND: Curcumin and nisin have been widely reported for their antibacterial and anticancer potency. However, their therapeutic applications are hampered by several factors, which necessitate their development into nanosize ranges for improved delivery and activities. Their incorporation into a single nanosynthesized form may suggest desirable efficacy on parasites. The aim of the study was to assess the ovicidal activity of the curcumin-nisin polylactic acid (PLA) entrapped nanoparticle on the Fasciola eggs and its reproductive toxicity...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016351/ameliorative-effect-of-gallic-acid-on-doxorubicin-induced-cardiac-dysfunction-in-rats
#10
Temiday O Omóbòwálé, Ademola A Oyagbemi, Ayorinde M Folasire, Temitayo O Ajibade, Ebunoluwa R Asenuga, Olumuyiwa A Adejumobi, Olufunke E Ola-Davies, Orotusin Oyetola, Gana James, Adeolu A Adedapo, Momoh A Yakubu
BACKGROUND: The use of doxorubicin (DOX) as an antineoplastic agent has been greatly limited because of the myriad of toxic sequelae associated with it. The aim of this study was to assess the protective effects of gallic acid (GA) on DOX-induced cardiac toxicity in rats. METHODS: Sixty male rats (Wistar strain) were used in this study. They were divided into six groups (A-F) each containing 10 animals. Group A was the control. Rats in Groups B, C, and D were treated with DOX at the dosage of 15 mg/kg body weight i...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988222/an-isobolographic-analysis-of-the-anti-nociceptive-effect-of-geraniin-in-combination-with-morphine-or-diclofenac
#11
Eric Boakye-Gyasi, Ella Anle Kasanga, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw, Wonder Kofi Mensah Abotsi, Robert Peter Biney, Christian Agyare, Eric Woode
BACKGROUND: Geraniin, a dehydroellagitannin, is a major component of the aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Phyllanthus muellerianus (Kuntze) Exell. (Euphorbiaceae). Several Phyllanthus species are traditionally used for painful disorders. The anti-nociceptive effects of the aqueous extract of the aerial parts of P. muellerianus and of geraniin have been scientifically established. The aim of the paper is to determine whether a combination of geraniin and diclofenac or geraniin and morphine leads to better anti-nociceptive effects...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988221/cocos-nucifera-water-improves-metabolic-functions-in-offspring-of-high-fat-diet-fed-wistar-rats
#12
Olufadekemi T Kunle-Alabi, Opeyemi O Akindele, Yinusa Raji
BACKGROUND: Maternal high fat diet has been implicated in the aetiology of metabolic diseases in their offspring. The hypolipidaemic actions of Cocos nucifera water improve metabolic indices of dams consuming a high fat diet during gestation. This study investigated the effects of C. nucifera water on metabolism of offspring of dams exposed to high fat diet during gestation. METHODS: Four groups of pregnant Wistar rat dams (n=6) were treated orally from Gestation Day (GD) 1 to GD 21 as follows: standard rodent feed+10 mL/kg distilled water (Control), standard rodent feed+10 mL/kg C...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981443/ameliorative-effect-of-azadirachta-indica-on-sodium-fluoride-induced-hypertension-through-improvement-of-antioxidant-defence-system-and-upregulation-of-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-1-2-signaling
#13
Temidayo Olutayo Omóbòwálé, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Bukola Ayokunmi Alaba, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Olumuyiwa Abiola Adejumobi, Ebunoluwa Racheal Asenuga, Temitayo Olabisi Ajibade, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Toxicities due to fluoride exposure from natural and industrial sources occur commonly in man and animals with severe consequences ranging from mild cardiac derangements to sudden death. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of the methanol extract of Azadirachta indica (AI) against sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced hypertension and genotoxicity in rats. METHODS: Sixty rats were divided into six groups of ten rats each as follows: Group A, the control group received distilled water; Group B rats were administered NaF at 600 ppm in drinking water; Groups C and D rats were pre-treated with the methanol extract of AI and thereafter administered NaF at 600 ppm in drinking water for 7 consecutive days; Groups E and F rats were co-administered with AI and NaF...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981442/effect-of-l-carnitine-on-diabetes-induced-changes-of-skeletal-muscles-in-rats
#14
Shereen M Samir, Amr M Abbas, Sally M Safwat, Hanaa G Elserougy
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at risk of experiencing chronic complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy and myopathy. We aimed to evaluate the effects of L-carnitine on type II DM (T2DM)-induced biochemical, contractile and pathological changes in skeletal muscles of rats. METHODS: Thirty-two male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into the control, control+L-carnitine, T2DM and T2DM+L-carnitine groups. Plasma levels of glucose, insulin, malondialdehyde and antioxidants such as reduced glutathione, catalase and superoxide dismutase, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin sensitivity index (ISI) as well as the contractile properties of the gastrocnemius muscle were measured...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981441/assessment-of-the-antioxidant-thrombolytic-analgesic-anti-inflammatory-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-activities-of-leaf-extracts-and-fractions-of-tetracera-sarmentosa-l-vahl
#15
Mir Muhammad Nasir Uddin, Mohammad Shah Hafez Kabir, Mahmud Hasan, Zobaer Al Mahmud, N M Mahmudul Alam Bhuiya, Farhan Ahmed, Md Rakibul Hasan, Mohammad Tanvir Hosen, Mohammad Shahin Alam
BACKGROUND: The plant under investigation (Tetracera sarmentosa) is a dicotyledonous flowering plant and belongs to the family Dilleniaceae. The goal of our investigation was to determine whether the leaf extracts of this plant held any significant medicinal properties. METHODS: Leaves of T. sarmentosa were extracted with pure ethanol (EETS) and methanol (METS), and then methanol extract fractioned with n-hexane (NHFMETS) and chloroform (CHFMETS). The extracts and fractions were tested for antioxidant activity, which was measured by using qualitative and quantitative procedures...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125830/inflammation-fever-and-body-temperature-under-febrile-conditions
#16
EDITORIAL
Joachim Roth, Michal Horowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040066/evaluation-of-oral-multi-herbal-preparation-of-dashmoolarishta-on-mice-model-of-osteoarthritis
#17
Yashashri C Shetty, Santosh Godbharle, Smita Brahma, Sweta Salgaonkar, Nirmala N Rege
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic progressive disease commonly affecting the hip and knee joints. Although synthetic drugs are available and afford symptomatic relief, their side effects pose limitations to their continuous use. So, this research was focused on extracting drugs from indigenous medicinal plants that could have a beneficial effect on osteoarthritis. Dashmoolarishta is one such preparation whose effects have never been studied in comparison with recent drugs like hyaluronic acid (HA), hence this particular study was undertaken...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981444/central-mediators-of-the-zymosan-induced-febrile-response
#18
Amanda Leite Bastos-Pereira, Daniel Fraga, Arturo Alejandro Dreifuss, Aleksander Roberto Zampronio
BACKGROUND: Zymosan is a fungal cell wall protein-carbohydrate complex that is known to activate inflammatory pathways through the Toll-like receptors and is commonly used to induce fever. Nevertheless, the central mediators that are involved in the zymosan-induced febrile response are only partially known. METHODS: The present study evaluated the participation of prostaglandins, substance P, endothelin-1 (ET-1), and endogenous opioids (eOPs) in the zymosan-induced febrile response by using inhibitors and antagonists in male Wistar rats...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917083/effects-of-single-or-combined-administration-of-salmon-calcitonin-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-vs-diclofenac-sodium-in-sodium-monoiodoacetate-induced-knee-osteoarthritis-in-male-wistar-rats
#19
Wale J Adeyemi, Luqman A Olayaki
BACKGROUND: There is a continuous search for a better therapy in osteoarthritis (OA) management. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of salmon calcitonin (Sct) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (N-3) relative to diclofenac sodium (DF) in induced knee osteoarthritic male Wistar rats. METHODS: The 40 rats that were used in this study were divided into 8 groups (n=5 rats), viz: Normal control; OA control; OA+N-3; OA+Low dose of Sct (Sct.Lw); OA+High dose of Sct (Sct...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917082/protective-effect-of-salusin-%C3%AE-and-salusin-%C3%AE-against-ethanol-induced-gastric-ulcer-in-rats
#20
Ayhan Tanyeli, Ersen Eraslan, Elif Polat, Tuğba Bal
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption has been found to be associated with gastric ulcers, including gastric mucosal lesions. Salusin-α and salusin-β are bioactive peptides having 28 and 20 amino acids, respectively. Salusin-α and salusin-β immunoreactivity has been detected in the stomach and in the intestines. It has been reported that the salusins regulate the cytokine levels and decrease the infarct area in the heart tissue after ischemia. In this study, we investigated the effects of the salusins in the gastric injury formed with ethanol...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
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