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Protein Expression and Purification

Xinying Wang, Daniel Ken Inaoka, Tomoo Shiba, Emmanuel Oluwadare Balogun, Stefan Allmann, Yoh-Ichi Watanabe, Michael Boshart, Kiyoshi Kita, Shigeharu Harada
Isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDHs) are metabolic enzymes that catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate. Depending on the electron acceptor and subcellular localization, these enzymes are classified as NADP(+)-dependent IDH1 in the cytosol or peroxisomes, NADP(+)-dependent IDH2 and NAD(+)-dependent IDH3 in mitochondria. Trypanosoma brucei is a protozoan parasite that causes African sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana disease in animals. Here, for the first time, a putative glycosomal T...
June 19, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
K V Barinova, M A Eldarov, E V Khomyakova, V I Muronetz, E V Schmalhausen
The goal of the present work was expression of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (hGAPDH) without additional tag constructions in E. coli cells and elaboration of the procedure for purification of untagged hGAPDH from the extract of the producer cells. We present a simple method for purification of untagged hGAPDH including ammonium sulfate fractionation and gel filtration on a G-100 Sephadex column. The method allows isolation of 2 mg of pure hGAPDH from 600 ml of cell culture (7 g of the cell biomass)...
June 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Ambar A Fregoso-Peñuñuri, Elisa M Valenzuela-Soto, Ciria G Figueroa-Soto, Alma B Peregrino-Uriarte, Manuel Ochoa-Valdez, Lilia Leyva-Carrillo, Gloria Yepiz-Plascencia
Shrimp lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is induced in response to environmental hypoxia. Two protein subunits deduced from different transcripts of the LDH gene from the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (LDHvan-1 and LDHvan-2) were identified. These subunits are expressed by alternative splicing. Since both subunits are expressed in most tissues, the purification of the enzyme from the shrimp will likely produce hetero LDH containing both subunits. Therefore, the aim of this study was to overexpress, purify and characterize only one subunit as a recombinant protein, the LDHvan-2...
June 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Francisco Guillén-Chable, Iván Arenas-Sosa, Ignacio Islas-Flores, Gerardo Corzo, Cynthia Martinez-Liu, Georgina Estrada
The gene of the four disulfide-bridged defensin J1-1 from Capsicum was cloned into the expression vector pQE30 containing a 6His-tag as fusion protein. This construct was transfected into Origami strain of Escherichia coli and expressed after induction with isopropyl thiogalactoside (IPTG). The level of expression was 4 mg/L of culture medium, and the His-tagged recombinant defensin (HisXarJ1-1) was expressed exclusively into inclusion bodies. After solubilization, HisXarJ1-1 was purified by affinity and hydrophobic interaction chromatography...
June 15, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Daniel E Sallee, James V C Horn, Lukas A Fuentes, Paul M M Weers
Human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is the most abundant protein in high-density lipoprotein, an anti-atherogenic lipid-protein complex responsible for reverse cholesterol transport. The protein is composed of an N-terminal helix bundle domain, and a small C-terminal (CT) domain. To facilitate study of CT-apoA-I, a novel strategy was employed to produce this small domain in a bacterial expression system. A protein construct was designed of insect apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) and residues 179-243 of apoA-I, with a unique a methionine residue positioned between the two proteins and an N-terminal His-tag to facilitate purification...
June 14, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Lisa Nika, Jakob Wallner, Dieter Palmberger, Krisztina Koczka, Karola Vorauer-Uhl, Reingard Grabherr
Biomarkers of cancer are often glycosylated membrane receptor proteins present on the cellular surface. In order to develop new antibodies for cancer diagnostics or treatment, it is a main pre-requisite that these target proteins are available in a native conformation. However, membrane receptor proteins are notoriously difficult to produce due to their hydrophobic nature and complex architecture. Here, we used the baculovirus-insect cell expression system to produce budded virus-like particles (VLPs) as the scaffold for the presentation of complex membrane proteins...
June 12, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Jonas Y Lee, Hao Chen, Alan Liu, Benjamin M Alba, Ai Ching Lim
Pichia pastoris is a highly successful recombinant protein expression system due to its ability to quickly generate large quantities of recombinant proteins in simple media. P. pastoris has been used to successfully generate milligram quantities of many important human membrane proteins, including G-protein coupled receptors, ion channels, and transporters, which are becoming increasingly important therapeutic targets. Despite these successes, protein expression in P. pastoris is still cumbersome due to a need to change growth media from glycerol media to methanol induction media, which minimizes inhibition of the AOX1 promoter by residual glycerol...
June 12, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Yi Zhang, Yingbo Liang, Dewen Qiu, Jingjing Yuan, Xiufen Yang
The Botrytis cinerea BcSpl1 protein is a member of the cerato-platanin family, and consists of 137 amino acids and two disulfide bridges. This protein induces the onset of necrosis in infiltrated plant hosts. Recombinant BcSpl1 proteins produced in Pichia pastoris (pBcSpl1) and Escherichia coli (eBcSpl1) were initially compared regarding their abilities to induce necrosis and systemic acquired resistance (SAR). The pBcSpl1 and eBcSpl1 treatments led to the development of necrotic lesions on tomato leaves, and provided tomato plants with SAR to B...
June 9, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Hui Wang, Zhongyuan Li, Huihui Liu, Shuang Li, Haiyan Qiu, Kun Li, Xuegang Luo, Yajian Song, Nan Wang, Hongpeng He, Hao Zhou, Wenjian Ma, Tongcun Zhang
A GH11 xylanase gene (xyn11-1) cloned from saline-alkali soil was successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115. The purified recombinant Xyn11-1 showed its maximal activity at pH 6.0, and retained more than 60.4% of activity at pH 10.0, with good pH stability. Its optimal temperature was 50 °C and it was stable after incubation for 1 h at 30 °C. Furthermore, Xyn11-1 was highly salt-tolerant, retaining more than 77.4% of activity in the presence of 0.25-4 M NaCl and displaying more than 47.2% relative activity after being incubated in the presence of 5 M NaCl at 37 °C for 10 min...
June 7, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Mayra Avelar, Clarita Olvera, Denise Aceves-Zamudio, Jorge Luis Folch, Marcela Ayala
In this work we communicate the heterologous expression of a laccase from Coriolopsis gallica in Pichia pastoris. This enzyme has been reported to efficiently degrade a variety of pollutants such as industrial dyes. The expression strategy included using a previously reported modified α-factor preproleader for enhanced secretion and pAOX1, a methanol-responsive promoter. Methanol concentration, copper salts concentration and temperature were varied in order to enhance laccase expression in this heterologous system...
June 5, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Hanzhen Qiao, Wenfei Zhang, Wutai Guan, Fang Chen, Shihai Zhang, Zixiao Deng
Relatively poor heterologous protein yields have limited the frequency of Galactomyces geotrichum lipase I (GGl I) efficacy trials. To address this, we have redesigned the GGl I gene to preferentially match codon frequencies of Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) while retaining the same amino acid sequence. The wild type and codon optimised GGl I (GGl I-wt and GGl I-op) were synthesised and cloned into pPICZαA with an N-terminal 6 × His tag sequence and expressed in P. pastoris X 33. The hydrolytic activity of GGl I-op was 150 U/mL, whereas the activity of the GGl I-wt could not be detected...
June 2, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Kejian Sun, Chengxin Huang, Fengxian Yu, Shuyu Zhu, Shuru Xu, Yiqiang He, Weibin Xu, Li Xu, Yuzu Feng, Huayu Wu, Xiaolong Li, Ling Fang, Qiping Hu
In our previous work, a thrombin-like enzyme (TLE), agkihpin, was successfully isolated, purified, cloned and named from the venom of Gloydius halys Pallas, having fibrinolytic, fibrinogenolytic and thrombosis-reduced activities, attenuating migration of liver cancer cell, and without bleeding risk. To explore the possibility of agkihpin as a thrombolytic and/or anti-metastasis agent in the future, in this study recombinant agkihpin was expressed and purified in Escherichia coli, and its biological activities investigated...
June 1, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Fateme Mirzajani, Seyed Mohammad Motevali, Shaghayegh Jabbari, Seyed Omid Ranaei Siadat, Yahya Sefidbakht
Although the use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has substantial benefits, their entrance into the environment, food chain, and human body and their toxicity have come under serious scrutiny. Multiple noncovalent attractive forces between AgNPs and bio-macromolecules are responsible for immediate corona formation upon exposure to biological tissue. Here, the influence of AgNPs with neuro-enzyme Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was investigated. AgNPs to enzyme ratio had an effect on the enzyme and features of the treated samples...
May 26, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Bo Lin, Guoqing Peng, Haipeng Feng, Wei Li, Xu Dong, Yi Chen, Yan Lu, Qiaoyun Wang, Xieju Xie, Mingyue Zhu, Mengsen Li
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a biomarker that is used to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and can promote malignancy in HCC. AFP is an important target in the treatment of liver cancer. To obtain enough AFP to screen for AFP inhibitors, we expressed and purified AFP in HEK-293 cells. In the present study, we produced AFP in the cells and harvested highly pure rAFP (or recombinant expression AFP in HEK-293 cells). We also analysed the bioactivity of rAFP and found that rAFP promoted growth of the human HCC cells, antagonize paclitaxel inhibition of HCC cell proliferation, suppress expression of active caspase-3, and promote expression of Ras and survivin...
May 26, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Hui Qian, Bingjie Xia, Yujun He, Zhaoxin Lu, Xiaomei Bie, Haizhen Zhao, Chong Zhang, Fengxia Lu
The gene encoding a novel acidic lipoxygenase from Myxococcus xanthus DK1622 (accession: WP_011551853.1) was cloned into vector pET-28a and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant enzyme (rMxLOX), with a molecular weight of approximately 80 kDa, was purified to homogeneity using one-step nickel-affinity chromatography and showed an activity of 5.6 × 10(4) U/mg. The optimum pH and temperature for rMxLOX activity were found to be 3.0 and 30 °C, respectively. Purified rMxLOX exhibited activity towards linoleic acid and arachidonic acid as substrates, with linoleic acid being the better substrate (Km and kcat values of 0...
May 25, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Wen-Guo Liu, Yun-Peng Wang, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Min Wang, Qing-Xue Lv, Hong-Wei Liu, Ling-Cong Meng, Ming Lu
Chymosin is widely used in the dairy industry, and much is produced through recombinant DNA in organisms such as bacteria and tobacco. In this study, we used a new transgenic method to express caprine chymosin in corn seeds with lower cost and better storage capability. The recombinant chymosin protein was successfully expressed at an average level of 0.37 mg/g dry weight, which is 0.27% of the total soluble protein in the corn seed. Prochymosin can be activated to produce a chymosin protein with the ability to induce clotting in milk, similar to the commercial protein...
May 17, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Jessica Soto-Rodríguez, Brandon L Coyle, Ariana Samuelson, Kannan Aravagiri, François Baneyx
Car9, a dodecapeptide identified by cell surface display for its ability to bind to the edge of carbonaceous materials, also binds to silica with high affinity. The interaction can be disrupted with l-lysine or l-arginine, enabling a broad range of technological applications. Previously, we reported that C-terminal Car9 extensions support efficient protein purification on underivatized silica. Here, we show that the Car9 tag is functional and TEV protease-excisable when fused to the N-termini of target proteins, and that it supports affinity purification under denaturing conditions, albeit with reduced yields...
May 12, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Kumar Siddharth Singh, Ritu Choudhary, Sonu Bisht, Sunita Grover, Sudarshan Kumar, Ashok Kumar Mohanty, Jai Kumar Kaushik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Ji-Hye Lee, Ji-Eun Lee, Kyung-Jung Kang, Young-Joo Jang
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a multifunctional growth factor that induces cell proliferation, survival, migration, and differentiation in various cell types and tissues. With these biological functions, FGF-2 has been evaluated for clinical use in the regeneration of damaged tissues. The expression of hFGF-2 in Escherichia coli and a purification system using the immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) is well established to generate a continuous supply of FGF-2. Although hexa-histidine tag (H6) is commonly used for IMAC purification, hexa-histidine-asparagine tag (HN6) is also efficient for purification as it is easily exposed on the surface of the protein...
May 6, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Amin Ramezani, Elham Mahmoudi Maymand, Mahsa Yazdanpanah-Samani, Ahmad Hosseini, Fatemeh Sadat Toghraie, Abbas Ghaderi
Using proper signal peptide and codon optimization are important factors that must be considered when designing the vector to increase protein expression in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells. The aim of the present study is to investigate how to enhance Pertuzumab production through heavy and light chain coding gene optimization and proper signal peptide selection. First, CHO-K1 cells were transiently transfected with whole-antibody-gene-optimized, variable-regions-optimized and non-optimized constructs and then we employed five different signal peptides to improve the secretion efficiency of Pertuzumab...
May 3, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
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