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Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160994/risk-factors-associated-with-miscarriage-and-impaired-fecundity-among-united-states-servicewomen-during-the-recent-conflicts-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#1
Andrea C Ippolito, Amber D Seelig, Teresa M Powell, Ava Marie S Conlin, Nancy F Crum-Cianflone, Hector Lemus, Carter J Sevick, Cynthia A LeardMann
BACKGROUND: Research on the reproductive health of U.S. servicewomen deployed in support of the recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan is sparse. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether military experiences, including combat deployment, deployment length, and life stressors during the recent conflicts, were associated with increased odds for miscarriage or impaired fecundity among U.S. servicewomen. METHODS: We used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, a large longitudinal military study that began in 2001 and includes military personnel from all service branches, including active duty and Reserve/National Guard personnel...
February 1, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153743/acceptability-of-virtual-prenatal-visits-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
Teresa N Harrison, David A Sacks, Carly Parry, Mayra Macias, Deborah S Ling Grant, Jean M Lawrence
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Current approaches to GDM management and education are labor intensive and costly. Telemedicine offers a potential solution to reduce the time and cost burden of prenatal care for women with GDM. METHODS: We assessed the acceptability of a telemedicine intervention to transmit patients' weight, blood pressure, and blood glucose measurements from wireless devices to health care providers, and to alternate "virtual office visits" with office-based prenatal visits...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153742/adoption-decision-making-among-women-seeking-abortion
#3
Gretchen Sisson, Lauren Ralph, Heather Gould, Diana Greene Foster
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how adoption factors into pregnancy decision making, particularly when abortion is unavailable. METHODS: We used data from the Turnaway Study, a longitudinal study of 956 women seeking abortion, including 231 women denied abortions owing to gestational limits. Through semiannual quantitative interviews, we assessed the frequency with which women denied abortion considered and choose adoption, and, among adoption participants, decision satisfaction...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153741/differences-in-health-and-social-support-between-homeless-men-and-women-entering-permanent-supportive-housing
#4
Hailey Winetrobe, Suzanne Wenzel, Harmony Rhoades, Benjamin Henwood, Eric Rice, Taylor Harris
BACKGROUND: Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is the leading intervention to end chronic homelessness. Little is known, however, about gender differences, including potential disparities in physical and mental health and social support, that might inform services available through PSH. METHODS: This study included 421 homeless adults, at least 39 years old, English- or Spanish-speaking, who were moving into PSH through 26 different agencies in the Los Angeles area participated...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131389/state-mandated-mis-information-and-women-s-endorsement-of%C3%A2-common-abortion-myths
#5
Nancy F Berglas, Heather Gould, David K Turok, Jessica N Sanders, Alissa C Perrucci, Sarah C M Roberts
PURPOSE: The extent that state-mandated informed consent scripts affect women's knowledge about abortion is unknown. We examine women's endorsement of common abortion myths before and after receiving state-mandated information that included accurate and inaccurate statements about abortion. METHODS: In Utah, women presenting for an abortion information visit completed baseline surveys (n = 494) and follow-up interviews 3 weeks later (n = 309). Women answered five items about abortion risks, indicating which of two statements was closer to the truth (as established by prior research) or responding "don't know...
January 25, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131388/the-status-of-women-s-reproductive-rights-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#6
Maeve Ellen Wallace, Melissa Goldin Evans, Katherine Theall
BACKGROUND: Reproductive rights-the ability to decide whether and when to have children-shape women's socioeconomic and health trajectories across the life course. The objective of this study was to examine reproductive rights in association preterm birth (PTB; <37 weeks) and low birth weight (LBW; <2,500g) across states in the United States. METHODS: Analysis included records for all live births in the United States in 2012 grouped by state. A reproductive rights composite index score was assigned to records from each state based on the following indicators for the year before birth (2011): mandatory sex education, expanded Medicaid eligibility for family planning services, mandatory parental involvement for minors seeking abortion, mandatory abortion waiting periods, public funding for abortion, and percentage of women in counties with abortion providers...
January 25, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129942/characterization-of-u-s-state-laws-requiring-health-care-provider-reporting-of-perinatal-substance-use
#7
Marian Jarlenski, Caroline Hogan, Debra L Bogen, Judy C Chang, Lisa M Bodnar, Elizabeth Van Nostrand
BACKGROUND: State policies pertaining to health care provider reporting of perinatal substance use have implications for provider screening and referral behavior, patients' care seeking and access to prenatal substance use disorder treatment, and pregnancy and birth outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize specific provisions enacted in state statutes pertaining to mandates that health care providers report perinatal substance use, and to determine the proportion of births occurring in states with such laws...
January 24, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109562/primary-cesarean-delivery-patterns-among-women-with-physical-sensory-or-intellectual-disabilities
#8
Blair G Darney, Frances M Biel, Brian P Quigley, Aaron B Caughey, Willi Horner-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between disability and mode of delivery. Prior research has indicated elevated risk of cesarean delivery among women with certain disabilities, but has not examined patterns across multiple types of disability or by parity. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether physical, sensory, or intellectual and developmental disabilities are independently associated with primary cesarean delivery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all deliveries in California from 2000 to 2010 using linked birth certificate and hospital discharge data...
January 18, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110799/estimated-prevalence-of-insomnia-among-women-veterans-results-of-a-postal-survey
#9
Jennifer L Martin, C Amanda Schweizer, Jaime M Hughes, Constance H Fung, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Donna L Washington, B Josea Kramer, Stella Jouldjian, Michael N Mitchell, Karen R Josephson, Cathy A Alessi
OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is a significant public health concern known to particularly impact women and the veteran population; however, rates of insomnia disorder among women veterans are not known. METHOD: Women veterans who had received health care at VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System between 2008 and 2010 and resided within 25 miles of the facility were sent a postal survey assessing sleep, demographics, and other related patient characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 660 women (43...
January 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108194/psychiatric-risk-in-unstably-housed-sexual-minority-women-relationship-between-sexual-and-racial-minority-status-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-psychiatric-diagnoses
#10
Annesa Flentje, Martha Shumway, Lauren H Wong, Elise D Riley
BACKGROUND: Stress associated with minority statuses has been linked to mental health disorders. However, research conducted exclusively among impoverished women, a population known to be at risk for poor health owing to overlapping risks, is sparse. We sought to determine if homeless and unstably housed sexual minority (i.e., nonheterosexual) women were at greater psychiatric risk than their heterosexual counterparts. We also sought to determine if racial/ethnic minority and human immunodeficiency virus status contributed to psychiatric risks...
January 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100403/concordance-between-women-s-self-reported-reasons-for-cesarean-delivery-and-hospital-discharge-records
#11
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Sindhu K Srinivas, Kristen H Kjerulff
BACKGROUND: Women's self-reports of whether they had a cesarean delivery are nearly 100% accurate, but there is little extant research on how accurately women self-report reasons for cesarean delivery when asked to recall this information in the postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: We compared women's self-reported reasons for cesarean with their hospital discharge records and examined correlates of variability in agreement between sources. METHODS: Data are from the First Baby Study, a cohort of 3,006 women who gave birth to their first baby between 2009 and 2011...
January 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094117/maternal-weight-after-childbirth-versus-aging-related-weight%C3%A2-changes
#12
Olga Yakusheva, Kandice Kapinos, Marianne Weiss
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy weight gain is believed to contribute to female overweight and obesity. However, most studies do not account for the changes in body weight expected to occur as women age. We examined the long-term weight trajectory of childbearing women relative to weight progression that could be expected in the absence of pregnancy. METHODS: From the hospital records of 32,187 women with two births in Wisconsin during 2006 to 2013, we extracted the maternal weight at pregravid, delivery, and subsequent pregravid...
January 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087130/attitudes-practices-and-experiences-with-implementing-a-patient-centered-medical-home-for-women-veterans
#13
Lisa S Meredith, Yan Wang, Adeyemi Okunogbe, Alicia A Bergman, Ismelda A Canelo, Jill E Darling, Elizabeth M Yano
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing demand for health care among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), little is known about the perspectives of primary care providers (PCPs) and other primary care staff about the care they provide to women veterans. We sought to understand whether barriers to, attitudes about, and practices in caring for women veterans were associated with two measures of implementation of the VHA patient-centered medical home for women veterans (self-efficacy and satisfaction)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#14
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063850/patient-education-about-the-affordable-care-act-contraceptive-coverage-requirement-increases-interest-in-using-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#15
Julia C Durante, Elisabeth J Woodhams
BACKGROUND: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires health insurance to cover all Food and Drug Administration-approved contraceptives at no cost to patients, including highly effective long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). Our objective was to determine whether a brief educational intervention about these provisions would increase interest in LARC use. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of women seeking contraceptive care in an urban outpatient obstetrics/gynecology clinic...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063849/recruitment-promotion-and-retention-of-women-in-academic-medicine-how-institutions-are-addressing-gender-disparities
#16
Phyllis L Carr, Christine Gunn, Anita Raj, Samantha Kaplan, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Greater numbers of women in medicine have not resulted in more women achieving senior positions. Programs supporting the recruitment, promotion, and retention of women in academic medicine could help to achieve greater advancement of more women to leadership positions. Qualitative research was conducted to understand such programs at 23 institutions and, using the social ecological model, examine how they operate at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, academic community, and policy levels...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063848/challenges-with-implementing-a-patient-centered-medical-home-model-for-women-veterans
#17
Emmeline Chuang, Julian Brunner, Selene Mak, Alison B Hamilton, Ismelda Canelo, Jill Darling, Lisa V Rubenstein, Elizabeth M Yano
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) Patient Aligned Care Team (PACT) initiative aims to ensure that all patients receive care consistent with medical home principles. Women veterans' unique care needs and minority status within the VA pose challenges to delivery of equitable, comprehensive primary care for this population. Currently, little is known about whether and/or how PACT should be tailored to better meet women veteran needs. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted semistructured interviews with 73 primary care providers and staff to examine facilitators and barriers encountered in providing PACT-principled care to women veterans...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063847/mind-the-gap-assessing-the-disconnect-between-postpartum-health-information-desired-and-health-information-received
#18
Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Vanessa M Christie, Annu Prabhakar, Katie A Siek
INTRODUCTION: Seeking and receiving health information are critical aspects of prenatal and postpartum care; however, many informational sources lack postpartum content. This study explores the gaps between information desired and information received postpartum and identifies the sources women use for health information seeking, with an emphasis on emergent online and mobile phone-based resources. METHODS: Participants were recruited from our community partners' client base for a cross-sectional study...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040321/congruence-across-sexual-orientation-dimensions-and-risk-for%C3%A2-unintended-pregnancy-among-adult-u-s-women
#19
Caroline Sten Hartnett, Lisa L Lindley, Katrina M Walsemann
OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have investigated whether sexual minority women (SMW) are more likely to experience unintended pregnancies compared with their heterosexual peers. The aim of this study was to explore whether adult SMW were more likely to have unintended pregnancies compared with heterosexual women, to examine the role of identity-attraction congruence in unintended pregnancy risk, and to evaluate possible mediators. METHODS: Data on pregnancies to women ages 18 to 44 were drawn from the 2006 through 2013 National Survey of Family Growth (n = 25,403)...
December 28, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007391/differences-in-depression-care-for-men-and-women-among-veterans-with-and-without-psychiatric-comorbidities
#20
Christine A Lam, Cathy Sherbourne, Lillian Gelberg, Martin L Lee, Alexis K Huynh, Karen Chu, Jennifer L Strauss, Maureen E Metzger, Edward P Post, Lisa V Rubenstein, Melissa M Farmer
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among primary care patients, affecting more women than men. Women veterans are an extreme but growing minority among patients seeking care from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), an organization historically designed to serve men. Little is known about gender differences in depression care quality within VA primary care population. PURPOSE: This works assesses the gender differences in depression care among veterans using longitudinal electronic measures...
December 19, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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