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New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016925/no-accidents-changing-the-narrative-about-occupational-fatality-and-injury-karmel-jonathan-d-2017-dying-to-work-death-and-injury-in-the-american-workplace-ithaca-ny-ilr-cornell-university-press-264-pp-45-00-hardback-isbn-978-150170998-2
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658427/acknowledgments-to-translators-of-state-of-the-evidence-review-articles
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658426/work-and-breast-cancer-recommendations-to-address-research-needs
#3
Connie L Engel, M Sharima Rasanayagam, Janet M Gray, Jeanne Rizzo
A review of case-control, cohort, and meta-analytic studies on breast cancer, occupation, and work-related exposures from 2002 to 2017 revealed significant methodological limitations in the current literature. As part of our review, we tabulated the demographic and life history data, breast cancer risk factors, occupational history, and exposure estimates collected and analyzed in each study. Opportunities exist for future research to explore occupation and breast cancer more rigorously and with greater nuance by gathering specific data on age at diagnosis, menopausal status, tumor characteristics, demographics, breast cancer risk factors, and occupational histories, work roles and settings, and exposures...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658425/work-and-female-breast-cancer-the-state-of-the-evidence-2002-2017
#4
Connie L Engel, M Sharima Rasanayagam, Janet M Gray, Jeanne Rizzo
The authors undertook a scoping review to assess the literature from 2002 to 2017 on the relationship between occupation and female breast cancer. Case-control, cohort, and meta-analytic studies suggest that women working as flight attendants, in medical professions, some production positions, sales and retail, and scientific technical staff are likely to have elevated risk of breast cancer. In addition, occupational exposures to night-shift work, ionizing radiation, some chemicals, job stress, and sedentary work may increase risk of breast cancer...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417871/restructuring-of-a-textile-manufacturing-company-and-workers-health
#5
Katja Draksler, Nataša Dernovšček Hafner, Niko Arnerić, Metoda Dodič Fikfak
Organizational restructuring is associated with greater mortality and morbidity of the workers affected by it. We examined the quality of workers' health at a textile manufacturing company after restructuring, comparing three groups of workers: workers who remained (survivors), workers who lost their jobs and later found new jobs (the reemployed), and unemployed workers. A total of 1046 workers participated in a telephonic survey. The data were processed using SPSS and the R package version 1.2 of prLogistic...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363393/safety-climate-among-nontraditional-workers-in-construction-arguing-for-a-focus-on-construed-external-safety-image
#6
Emily Stiehl, Linda Forst
Safety climate, employees' perceptions of work-related safety, 1 has been promoted as a leading indicator of workplace safety in construction. 2 , 3 While research has primarily examined internal organizational sources (e.g., manager attitudes, formal organizational policies) on these perceptions, external sources of information might be more relevant to construction workers in nontraditional jobs who work for a limited time and/or have limited interaction with other employees. This paper argues for the future development of a construed external safety image scale to measure employees' perceptions about how external groups view their organization's safety...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310510/author-s-response-to-chirico
#7
Timothy Hadden Ciesielski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310509/occupational-health-in-community-health-centers-practitioner-challenges-and-recommendations
#8
Juliana M Simmons, Amy K Liebman, Rosemary K Sokas
Primary care clinicians may be the only source of occupational healthcare for many low-wage, high-risk workers who experience disproportionate occupational hazards. The authors explored barriers to providing occupational healthcare and recommendations for overcoming these challenges. The team conducted six focus groups and eleven key-informant interviews in two community health centers and among clinicians, community health workers, and other personnel from similar settings. Clinicians reported not utilizing occupational information during clinical encounters and identified competing priorities, limited appointment time, and lack of training as key barriers...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310508/comments-on-climate-change-and-public-health-a-small-frame-obscures-the-picture
#9
Francesco Chirico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169305/the-vulnerability-of-occupational-health-and-safety-to-deregulation-the-weakening-of-information-regulations-during-the-economic-crisis-in-korea
#10
Won Gi Jhang
This study was conducted to investigate the causes and consequences of the vulnerability of occupational health and safety (OHS) regulations to deregulation during a period of economic crisis in the Republic of Korea. Analysis of Korea's national regulation database revealed that the vulnerability of OHS regulations to deregulation was related to the fact that OHS policy included many regulations without direct deregulatory impacts on workers. The most affected victim of this characteristic was information regulation that provided a legal basis for government's monitoring and inspection of OHS activities...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073816/tailoring-computer-based-training-for-latino-immigrant-workers-pilot-test-of-the-niosh-mouse-tutorial
#11
Michael A Flynn, Sheli DeLaney, Clair Willeford
An interactive tutorial on using a mouse for first-time computer users was developed as part of a training CD-ROM tailored for Latino immigrant workers in trenching and excavation. It was designed for Spanish-speaking users with varying levels of formal education. The tutorial was tested in focus groups with workers who had little or no previous experience using a computer. Findings revealed that while users with less than a fourth-grade education and/or low proficiency in Spanish had some difficulties with the tutorial, they still scored above 67 percent on the performance evaluation; participants with at least a fourth-grade education (the majority) completed it with minimal assistance and scored 80%-100% on the performance evaluation...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019440/disclosure-and-fit-capability-of-the-filtering-facepiece-respirator
#12
Don J Lofgren
The filtering facepiece air-purifying respirator is annually purchased in the tens of millions and widely used for worker protection from harmful airborne particulates. The workplace consumers of this safety product, i.e., employers, workers, and safety and health professionals, have assurances of its effectiveness through the respirator certification and disclosure requirements of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. However, the certification of a critical performance requirement has been missing for the approved filtering facepiece respirator since 1995: fit capability...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920763/critique-of-the-iarc-100f-working-group-evaluation-of-occupational-benzene-exposure-suggestions-for-the-october-2017-benzene-only-working-group-meeting
#13
Melvyn Kopstein
Health agencies and institutions utilize International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) monographs because they are said to represent authoritative cancer evaluations and scientific references. The United States National Cancer Institute has provided support for the IARC Monographs Program for more than three decades. The Volume 100F Monograph, which was published in 2012, reports the evaluations of benzene and more than two dozen other agents performed by the IARC Working Group (WG) that met in Lyon, France from 20 to 27 October 2009...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198171/caring-for-care-workers
#14
Jennifer R Zelnick, Sara Haviland, Jennifer Craft Morgan
Carework-the paid and unpaid work in healthcare, education, childcare, mental health, elder care, families, and social services-is linked by the social and ethical obligation to care for vulnerable populations and is a major economic sector and important source of employment internationally. This special issue of New Solutions focuses on understanding working conditions and workplace health and safety in carework professions and for seeking solutions to these dilemmas. As members of the Carework Network Steering Committee, we reflect on the importance of the topics raised in this special issue and describe next steps for carework research and scholarship...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169306/occupational-stress-among-home-healthcare-workers-integrating-worker-and-agency-level-factors
#15
Jeanette M Zoeckler
Home healthcare work is physically and emotionally exhausting. In addition, home healthcare workers frequently work under precarious work arrangements for low wages and in poor work conditions. Little is known about how sources of job strain for home healthcare workers might be reduced. This research examines the occupational stressors among paid home care workers by analyzing home healthcare agency characteristics and individual home healthcare workers' experiences in upstate New York agencies (n = 9)...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153054/care-workers-in-argentina
#16
Valeria Esquivel, Francisca Pereyra
The working conditions, relative wages, and social standing of care occupations are the result of diverse causes that can worsen, improve, or neutralize the labor disadvantages usually found in care occupations. This article seeks to provide a perspective on the factors underlying care workers' working conditions in Argentina. It presents a comparative analysis of three highly feminized occupations-early education teachers, nurses, and domestic workers. After highlighting the different working conditions among these occupations, the paper focuses on the critically important role that unionization and state policies have played in defining each labor context in Argentina...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153037/-contract-to-volunteer-south-african-community-health-worker-mobilization-for-better-labor-protection
#17
Zara Trafford, Alison Swartz, Christopher J Colvin
In this paper, we explore the increasing activity around labor rights for South African community health workers (CHWs). Contextualizing this activity within broader policy and legal developments, we track the emergence of sporadic mobilizations for decent work (supported by local health activist organizations) and subsequently, the formation of a CHW union. The National Union of Care Workers of South Africa (NUCWOSA) was inaugurated in 2016, hoping to secure formal and secure employment through government and the consequent labor and occupational health protections...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139336/home-health-aides-perceptions-of-quality-care-goals-challenges-and-implications-for-a-rapidly-changing-industry
#18
Emily Franzosa, Emma K Tsui, Sherry Baron
Home care payment models, quality measures, and care plans are based on physical tasks workers perform, ignoring relational care that supports clients' cognitive, emotional, and social well-being. As states seek to rein in costs and improve the efficiency and quality of care, they will need to consider how to measure and support relational care. In four focus groups ( n = 27) of unionized, agency-based New York City home health aides, workers reported aide-client relationships were a cornerstone of high-quality care, and building them required communication, respect, and going the extra mile...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129135/precarious-situations-of-care-workers-in-home-based-elder-care-in-slovenia
#19
Majda Hrženjak
Based on policy analysis and individual interviews, the author analyzes the care workers' precarious situations in home-based elder care in Slovenia, a post-socialist, European Union country characterized by a rapidly aging population and delays in adapting a long-term care system to this new social risk. Employment and quasi-employment positions which coexist in home-based care can be sorted along two continuums: between public and market service; between formal and informal work. The author argues that working conditions in home-based care differ according to the position of the care worker on these two continuums, that is, being employed in public services, being self-employed, working in informal care markets, holding a status of family assistant, or being an informal family caregiver...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125021/organizational-policies-and-programs-to-reduce-job-stress-and-risk-of-workplace-violence-among-k-12-education-staff
#20
Paul Landsbergis, Jeanette Zoeckler, Zerin Kashem, Bianca Rivera, Darryl Alexander, Amy Bahruth
We examine strategies, programs, and policies that educators have developed to reduce work stressors and thus health risks. First, we review twenty-seven empirical studies and review papers on organizational programs and policies in K-12 education published from 1990 to 2015 and find some evidence that mentoring, induction, and Peer Assistance and Review programs can increase support, skill development, decision-making authority, and perhaps job security, for teachers-and thus have the potential to reduce job stressors...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
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