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New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658427/acknowledgments-to-translators-of-state-of-the-evidence-review-articles
#1
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May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658426/work-and-breast-cancer-recommendations-to-address-research-needs
#2
Connie L Engel, M Sharima Rasanayagam, Janet M Gray, Jeanne Rizzo
A review of case-control, cohort, and meta-analytic studies on breast cancer, occupation, and work-related exposures from 2002 to 2017 revealed significant methodological limitations in the current literature. As part of our review, we tabulated the demographic and life history data, breast cancer risk factors, occupational history, and exposure estimates collected and analyzed in each study. Opportunities exist for future research to explore occupation and breast cancer more rigorously and with greater nuance by gathering specific data on age at diagnosis, menopausal status, tumor characteristics, demographics, breast cancer risk factors, and occupational histories, work roles and settings, and exposures...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658425/work-and-female-breast-cancer-the-state-of-the-evidence-2002-2017
#3
Connie L Engel, M Sharima Rasanayagam, Janet M Gray, Jeanne Rizzo
The authors undertook a scoping review to assess the literature from 2002 to 2017 on the relationship between occupation and female breast cancer. Case-control, cohort, and meta-analytic studies suggest that women working as flight attendants, in medical professions, some production positions, sales and retail, and scientific technical staff are likely to have elevated risk of breast cancer. In addition, occupational exposures to night-shift work, ionizing radiation, some chemicals, job stress, and sedentary work may increase risk of breast cancer...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417871/restructuring-of-a-textile-manufacturing-company-and-workers-health
#4
Katja Draksler, Nataša Dernovšček Hafner, Niko Arnerić, Metoda Dodič Fikfak
Organizational restructuring is associated with greater mortality and morbidity of the workers affected by it. We examined the quality of workers' health at a textile manufacturing company after restructuring, comparing three groups of workers: workers who remained (survivors), workers who lost their jobs and later found new jobs (the reemployed), and unemployed workers. A total of 1046 workers participated in a telephonic survey. The data were processed using SPSS and the R package version 1.2 of prLogistic...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363393/safety-climate-among-nontraditional-workers-in-construction-arguing-for-a-focus-on-construed-external-safety-image
#5
Emily Stiehl, Linda Forst
Safety climate, employees' perceptions of work-related safety, 1 has been promoted as a leading indicator of workplace safety in construction. 2 , 3 While research has primarily examined internal organizational sources (e.g., manager attitudes, formal organizational policies) on these perceptions, external sources of information might be more relevant to construction workers in nontraditional jobs who work for a limited time and/or have limited interaction with other employees. This paper argues for the future development of a construed external safety image scale to measure employees' perceptions about how external groups view their organization's safety...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198171/caring-for-care-workers
#6
Jennifer R Zelnick, Sara Haviland, Jennifer Craft Morgan
Carework-the paid and unpaid work in healthcare, education, childcare, mental health, elder care, families, and social services-is linked by the social and ethical obligation to care for vulnerable populations and is a major economic sector and important source of employment internationally. This special issue of New Solutions focuses on understanding working conditions and workplace health and safety in carework professions and for seeking solutions to these dilemmas. As members of the Carework Network Steering Committee, we reflect on the importance of the topics raised in this special issue and describe next steps for carework research and scholarship...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169306/occupational-stress-among-home-healthcare-workers-integrating-worker-and-agency-level-factors
#7
Jeanette M Zoeckler
Home healthcare work is physically and emotionally exhausting. In addition, home healthcare workers frequently work under precarious work arrangements for low wages and in poor work conditions. Little is known about how sources of job strain for home healthcare workers might be reduced. This research examines the occupational stressors among paid home care workers by analyzing home healthcare agency characteristics and individual home healthcare workers' experiences in upstate New York agencies (n = 9)...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153054/care-workers-in-argentina
#8
Valeria Esquivel, Francisca Pereyra
The working conditions, relative wages, and social standing of care occupations are the result of diverse causes that can worsen, improve, or neutralize the labor disadvantages usually found in care occupations. This article seeks to provide a perspective on the factors underlying care workers' working conditions in Argentina. It presents a comparative analysis of three highly feminized occupations-early education teachers, nurses, and domestic workers. After highlighting the different working conditions among these occupations, the paper focuses on the critically important role that unionization and state policies have played in defining each labor context in Argentina...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153037/-contract-to-volunteer-south-african-community-health-worker-mobilization-for-better-labor-protection
#9
Zara Trafford, Alison Swartz, Christopher J Colvin
In this paper, we explore the increasing activity around labor rights for South African community health workers (CHWs). Contextualizing this activity within broader policy and legal developments, we track the emergence of sporadic mobilizations for decent work (supported by local health activist organizations) and subsequently, the formation of a CHW union. The National Union of Care Workers of South Africa (NUCWOSA) was inaugurated in 2016, hoping to secure formal and secure employment through government and the consequent labor and occupational health protections...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139336/home-health-aides-perceptions-of-quality-care-goals-challenges-and-implications-for-a-rapidly-changing-industry
#10
Emily Franzosa, Emma K Tsui, Sherry Baron
Home care payment models, quality measures, and care plans are based on physical tasks workers perform, ignoring relational care that supports clients' cognitive, emotional, and social well-being. As states seek to rein in costs and improve the efficiency and quality of care, they will need to consider how to measure and support relational care. In four focus groups ( n = 27) of unionized, agency-based New York City home health aides, workers reported aide-client relationships were a cornerstone of high-quality care, and building them required communication, respect, and going the extra mile...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129135/precarious-situations-of-care-workers-in-home-based-elder-care-in-slovenia
#11
Majda Hrženjak
Based on policy analysis and individual interviews, the author analyzes the care workers' precarious situations in home-based elder care in Slovenia, a post-socialist, European Union country characterized by a rapidly aging population and delays in adapting a long-term care system to this new social risk. Employment and quasi-employment positions which coexist in home-based care can be sorted along two continuums: between public and market service; between formal and informal work. The author argues that working conditions in home-based care differ according to the position of the care worker on these two continuums, that is, being employed in public services, being self-employed, working in informal care markets, holding a status of family assistant, or being an informal family caregiver...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125021/organizational-policies-and-programs-to-reduce-job-stress-and-risk-of-workplace-violence-among-k-12-education-staff
#12
Paul Landsbergis, Jeanette Zoeckler, Zerin Kashem, Bianca Rivera, Darryl Alexander, Amy Bahruth
We examine strategies, programs, and policies that educators have developed to reduce work stressors and thus health risks. First, we review twenty-seven empirical studies and review papers on organizational programs and policies in K-12 education published from 1990 to 2015 and find some evidence that mentoring, induction, and Peer Assistance and Review programs can increase support, skill development, decision-making authority, and perhaps job security, for teachers-and thus have the potential to reduce job stressors...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110560/the-job-content-context-and-requirements-of-regulated-home-based-childcare-workers
#13
Mariam Stitou, Ivy-Lynn Bourgeault, Dafna Kohen
Contrary to a large and growing literature on center-based childcare workers, we know little about the work and health experiences of those providing childcare services in their homes. This study examines the job content, context, and requirements of regulated Home-Based Childcare workers in Canada. It is based on the qualitative analysis of eleven individual semistructured interviews. These workers perform business administration tasks and more housekeeping and domestic work than those in the center-based childcare, which affect their health and well-being...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110559/injury-among-home-care-workers-in-washington-state
#14
Allison K Hansell, Elizabeth S Knaster, Leslie E Phillips
Home Care Aides (HCAs) have nearly four times the rate of injury as the general U.S. work force. In 2015, the Service Employees International Union 775 Benefits Group conducted a health and safety survey with 672 HCAs in Washington State. The goal was to identify the risk factors for injury and to better assess injury rates through self-report. Quantitative analyses assessed injury prevalence and barriers in reporting injury. Overall, 13 percent responded that they had ever had an injury that required medical attention while working as an HCA...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099341/exploring-relationships-among-occupational-safety-job-turnover-and-age-among-home-care-aides-in-maine
#15
Sandra S Butler
As the U.S. population ages, the number of people needing personal assistance in the home care setting is increasing dramatically. Personal care aides and home health workers are currently adding more jobs to the economy than any other single occupation. Home health workers face physically and emotionally challenging, and at times unsafe, work conditions, with turnover rates ranging from 44 percent to 65 percent annually. As part of a mixed-method, longitudinal study in Maine examining turnover, interviews with 252 home care aides were analyzed thematically...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899214/assaulted-and-unheard-violence-against-healthcare-staff
#16
James T Brophy, Margaret M Keith, Michael Hurley
Healthcare workers regularly face the risk of violent physical, sexual, and verbal assault from their patients. To explore this phenomenon, a collaborative descriptive qualitative study was undertaken by university-affiliated researchers and a union council representing registered practical nurses, personal support workers, and other healthcare staff in Ontario, Canada. A total of fifty-four healthcare workers from diverse communities were consulted about their experiences and ideas. They described violence-related physical, psychological, interpersonal, and financial effects...
February 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790832/without-warning-worker-deaths-from-heat-2014-2016
#17
Cora Roelofs
Worker deaths from heat exposure are unlike heat deaths in the general population; workers tend to be outside in variable temperatures and younger than sixty-five years. Climate change will increase the frequency, duration, and variability of hot temperatures. Public health warning systems, such as the Heat Index of the National Weather Service, do not generally account for workers' greater likelihood of exposure to direct sunlight or exertion. Only 28% of the 79 worker heat-related fatalities during 2014-2016 occurred on days when the National Weather Service warning would have included the possibility of fatal heat stroke...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790831/informal-recyclers-health-inequities-in-vancouver-bc
#18
Josie Wittmer, Kate Parizeau
We explore informal recyclers' perceptions and experiences of the social determinants of health in Vancouver, Canada, and investigate the factors that contribute to the environmental health inequities they experience. Based on in-depth interviews with 40 informal recyclers and 7 key informants, we used a social determinants of health framework to detail the health threats that informal recyclers associated with their work and the factors that influenced their access to health-related resources and services...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739275/educating-restaurant-workers-about-paid-sick-leave-a-pilot-study-from-new-york-city
#19
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Across the United States, cities, states, and counties are rapidly adopting paid sick leave laws. Paid sick leave policies for restaurant workers may be particularly beneficial, since these workers are less likely to have these benefits and have the potential to spread infection through food-handling and engagement with the public. In order for paid sick leave laws to work, workers and employers must be educated about these laws broadly and effectively. Focusing on New York City, we conducted a pilot research using key stakeholder interviews to learn about New York City's successes and challenges in educating workers and businesses about the law...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712511/the-production-of-corporate-research-to-manufacture-doubt-about-the-health-hazards-of-products-an-overview-of-the-exponent-bakelite%C3%A2-simulation-study
#20
David Egilman
Although corporate sponsorship of research does not necessarily lead to biased results, in some industries, it has resulted in the publication of inaccurate and misleading data. Some companies have hired scientific consulting firms to retrospectively calculate exposures to hazardous products during use that are no longer manufactured or sold. As an example, this paper reviews one such study-a litigation-generated study of Union Carbide Corporation's asbestos-containing product, Bakelite®. This analysis is based on previously secret documents, produced as a result of litigation...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
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