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New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30205745/a-global-perspective-is-needed-to-effectively-protect-environmental-and-occupational-health-and-safety
#1
Craig Slatin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180781/building-and-maintaining-a-citizen-science-network-with-fishermen-and-fishing-communities-post-deepwater-horizon-oil-disaster-using-a-cbpr-approach
#2
Academic Authors John Sullivan, Sharon Croisant, Marilyn Howarth, Gilbert T Rowe, Harshica Fernando, Amanda Phillips-Savoy, Dan Jackson, John Prochaska, Ghulam A S Ansari, Trevor M Penning, Cornelis Elferink
When the Deepwater Horizon oil rig blew out in 2010, the immediate threats to productive deep water and estuarial fisheries and the region's fishing and energy economies were obvious. Less immediately obvious, but equally unsettling, were risks to human health posed by potential damage to the regional food web. This paper describes grassroots and regional efforts by the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: health risks related to the Macondo Spill Fishermen's Citizen Science Network project. Using a community-based participatory research approach and a citizen science structure, the multiyear project measured exposure to petrogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, researched the toxicity of these polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds, and communicated project findings and seafood consumption guidelines throughout the region (coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama)...
September 4, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176788/-losing-your-land-you-feel-like-you-re-losing-your-identity-like-you-re-experiencing-slow-death-an-interview-with-chief-thomas-dardar-houma-nation
#3
John Sullivan, Beth Rosenberg
The Houma Nation was a major community hub for the Citizen Science Network seafood sampling conducted as part of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) research project. They also managed a clinical cohort to facilitate wellness checkups and collection of biological samples during the project. In this interview, Thomas Dardar, Principal Chief of the Houma Nation, outlines the historical and evolving changes-cultural as well as geophysical-that the Houma Nation must address in an uncharted era of climate-related impacts on weather patterns, sea levels, and sustainable land uses...
September 3, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176787/studying-the-human-health-and-ecological-impacts-of-the-deep-water-horizon-oil-spill-disaster-introduction-to-this-special-issue-of-new-solutions
#4
Sharon Croisant, John Sullivan
Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill (GC-HARMS) began in 2011 as a component project of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences' (NIEHS) Deep Water Horizon (DWH) Research Consortia program. This Gulf-wide consortium created regional community-university research partnerships focused on addressing health impacts resulting from oil spill exposures. Findings from this trans-National Institutes of Health program have helped enhance and refine community disaster preparedness and reinforced local-regional disaster response networks...
September 3, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165800/environmentally-overburdened-gulf-state-residents-lack-access-to-environmental-specialty-care
#5
Kaitlyn W Meirs, Marilyn V Howarth
Residents in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama have experienced repeated natural and man-made environmental exposures. As frequency and intensity of exposures increase, the need for environmental specialty care rises in environmentally overburdened communities. We evaluated access to environmental health expertise in these states. We determined if providers accepted private health insurance and/or self-pay mapping their location using ArcGIS. Of sixty-four physicians meeting inclusion criteria, only eleven (17%) accepted private health insurance and thirty-four (53%) accepted self-pay...
August 30, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139295/three-voices-papers-for-this-special-issue-of-new-solutions-environmental-justice-in-the-u-s-gulf-coast-region
#6
John Sullivan
The U.S. states along the northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico have often been described as America's Energy Colony. This region is festooned with polluting industries, storage and waste disposal sites for toxic products, and a history of generally lax approaches to environmental public health and enforcement of regulations. This issue of New Solutions includes three interviews of groups and individuals who work for environmental justice in the Gulf Coast region. The interviewees provide key insights into the diverse cultural texture and social fabric of the Gulf...
August 23, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131016/-keep-working-for-environmental-justice-no-matter-how-bleak-things-look-don-t-give-up-don-t-just-go-away-an-interview-with-wilma-subra
#7
John Sullivan, Katelyn Parady
MacArthur prize-winning community scientist, Wilma Subra participated in the research of the Gulf Coast Health Alliance: Health Risks Related to the Macondo Spill project. Ms. Subra chronicles the arc of her career as a public health advocate who has informed communities nationwide of active and potential health risks. She has been most active in the U.S. Gulf Coast region where oil production infrastructure, petrochemical refining and production plants, and hazardous waste storage and treatment facilities seem as common as live oaks and red fish...
August 21, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30131015/-i-remember-the-mental-chaos-while-they-tried-to-seal-the-well-and-clean-up-the-oil-spill-how-much-fear-and-uncertainty-everyone-felt-an-interview-with-marylee-and-michael-orr-louisiana-environmental-action-network
#8
John Sullivan, Beth Rosenberg
In this interview, Marylee Orr and her son, Michael Orr, of the Louisiana Environmental Action Network (Baton Rouge, LA) recall the massive trauma among fishing families (including those whose boats were used in the clean-up effort) caused by the Deep Water Horizon spill, the state and federal closures of fishing grounds, and the moratorium on oil exploration and production activity during the clean-up efforts. They recount the history of their organization's vision and growth, their role in regional environmental justice efforts, and outline how they developed an approach to rapid response community empowerment based on colearning, respect, consensus, and action-a vision that parallels the work of Paulo Freire and the practice values of community-based participatory research...
August 21, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126335/use-of-anti-warnings-to-falsely-reassure-downstream-users-an-asbestos-example
#9
David Egilman, Tess Bird, Remi Wilson
Product warnings are theoretically designed to reduce injuries associated with occupational, environmental, or consumer product exposures. Unfortunately, in an effort to protect sales, some companies have produced media and information to falsely reassure their customers about the risks associated with their products. These tactics have been termed "anti-warnings." We reviewed corporate documents uncovered in litigation alongside other historical publications to ascertain the types of anti-warnings used by Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) regarding their asbestos products...
August 20, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122133/commentary-on-assessment-of-health-risk-from-historical-use-of-cosmetic-talcum-powder
#10
David Egilman, Joan Steffen
In response to recent litigation, Colgate Palmolive hired Exponent to determine if various samples of their cosmetic talc products contained asbestos. Anderson et al., Exponent employees, claim to report the findings of these analyses in their paper "Assessment of Health Risk from Historical Use of Cosmetic Talcum Powder." The microscopist who reviewed the samples found four anthophyllite fibers. One of the authors of Anderson et al., Patrick Sheehan, who is not a microscopist, directed the reviewing microscopist to alter the report and add the qualification that "…this classification was inconclusive due to the small number counted...
August 19, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30114966/compensation-appraisals-and-labor-union-membership
#11
Megan M Reynolds
Given the beneficial effects of labor unions on "bread and butter issues," union members should appraise their economic circumstances more favorably than nonunion members do. Yet, research on the anomaly of the dissatisfied union worker challenges this expectation. Using the General Social Survey's Quality of Work Life module, this article examines whether union members appraise their economic circumstances less favorably than nonunion members. Results suggest that union membership is associated with more favorable appraisal of benefits but not wages...
August 16, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863437/the-foxes-are-guarding-the-hen-house
#12
Craig Slatin, Charles Levenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790832/without-warning-worker-deaths-from-heat-2014-2016
#13
Cora Roelofs
Worker deaths from heat exposure are unlike heat deaths in the general population; workers tend to be outside in variable temperatures and younger than sixty-five years. Climate change will increase the frequency, duration, and variability of hot temperatures. Public health warning systems, such as the Heat Index of the National Weather Service, do not generally account for workers' greater likelihood of exposure to direct sunlight or exertion. Only 28% of the 79 worker heat-related fatalities during 2014-2016 occurred on days when the National Weather Service warning would have included the possibility of fatal heat stroke...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790831/informal-recyclers-health-inequities-in-vancouver-bc
#14
Josie Wittmer, Kate Parizeau
We explore informal recyclers' perceptions and experiences of the social determinants of health in Vancouver, Canada, and investigate the factors that contribute to the environmental health inequities they experience. Based on in-depth interviews with 40 informal recyclers and 7 key informants, we used a social determinants of health framework to detail the health threats that informal recyclers associated with their work and the factors that influenced their access to health-related resources and services...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739275/educating-restaurant-workers-about-paid-sick-leave-a-pilot-study-from-new-york-city
#15
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Across the United States, cities, states, and counties are rapidly adopting paid sick leave laws. Paid sick leave policies for restaurant workers may be particularly beneficial, since these workers are less likely to have these benefits and have the potential to spread infection through food-handling and engagement with the public. In order for paid sick leave laws to work, workers and employers must be educated about these laws broadly and effectively. Focusing on New York City, we conducted a pilot research using key stakeholder interviews to learn about New York City's successes and challenges in educating workers and businesses about the law...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712511/the-production-of-corporate-research-to-manufacture-doubt-about-the-health-hazards-of-products-an-overview-of-the-exponent-bakelite%C3%A2-simulation-study
#16
David Egilman
Although corporate sponsorship of research does not necessarily lead to biased results, in some industries, it has resulted in the publication of inaccurate and misleading data. Some companies have hired scientific consulting firms to retrospectively calculate exposures to hazardous products during use that are no longer manufactured or sold. As an example, this paper reviews one such study-a litigation-generated study of Union Carbide Corporation's asbestos-containing product, Bakelite®. This analysis is based on previously secret documents, produced as a result of litigation...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558851/ambient-air-exposure-to-pcbs-regulation-and-monitoring-at-five-contaminated-sites-in-epa-regions-1-2-4-and-5
#17
Komal Basra, Madeleine K Scammell, Eugene B Benson, Wendy Heiger-Bernays
Existing regulations seek to protect the public from exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in food, water, and soil. Exposure to PCBs in ambient air has recently been given explicit consideration in the human health risk assessments that form the basis of risk management decisions at contaminated sites. The objective of this paper is to examine how ambient air exposure to PCBs is regulated and monitored at five contaminated sites in the United States. We reviewed online accessible materials (including Environmental Protection Agency-site specific websites, data repositories, and other agency websites)...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473443/pesticide-use-poisoning-and-knowledge-and-unsafe-occupational-practices-in-thailand
#18
Ratana Sapbamrer
The agricultural system in Thailand has shifted from a traditional to a commercial agricultural system. Pesticides have been imported into Thailand to increase agricultural productivity, resulting in adverse health effects for farmers and consumers. However, the scientific data available in Thailand are limited and inconsistent. Thus, this article reviews research studies regarding pesticide use, poisoning, and knowledge and unsafe occupational practices in Thailand over the last decade. This article also makes recommendations for future policies...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464991/labor-management-cooperation-in-illinois-how-a-joint-union-company-team-is-improving-facility-safety
#19
Bruce Mahan, Reggie Maclin, Ruth Ruttenberg, Keith Mundy, Tom Frazee, Randy Schwartzkopf, John Morawetz
This study of Afton Chemical Corporation's Sauget facility and its International Chemical Workers Union Council (ICWUC) Local 871C demonstrates how significant safety improvements can be made when committed leadership from both management and union work together, build trust, train the entire work force in U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration 10-hour classes, and communicate with their work force, both salaried and hourly. A key finding is that listening to the workers closest to production can lead to solutions, many of them more cost-efficient than top-down decision-making...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409383/variance-in-state-protection-from-exposure-to-norm-and-tenorm-wastes-generated-during-unconventional-oil-and-gas-operations-where-we-are-and-where-we-need-to-go
#20
Elizabeth Ann Glass Geltman, Nichole LeClair
Radioactive materials for the medical, technological, and industrial sectors have been effectively regulated in the United States since as early as 1962. The steady increase in the exploration and production of shale gas in recent years has led to concerns about exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) in oil and gas waste streams. This study applied policy surveillance methods to conduct a cross-sectional fifty-state survey of law and regulations of NORM and TENORM waste from oil and gas operations...
August 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
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