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New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889700/clarence-borel-the-man-behind-the-court-case
#1
Linda Reinstein, Bridget Bersin
Borel v. Fibreboard Paper Products Corporation is the 1973 landmark case that paved the way for successful litigation against the asbestos industry. Clarence Borel's granddaughter shares recollections of the reluctant man behind the court case.
November 25, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885045/how-canada-s-asbestos-industry-was-defeated-in-quebec
#2
Kathleen Ruff
Less than a decade ago, the Quebec asbestos industry enjoyed support from all the political parties in the Canadian House of Commons and the Quebec National Assembly, as well as from business and union organizations. Two lobby organizations (Chrysotile Institute and International Chrysotile Association) had significant global impact in promoting asbestos use and defeating asbestos ban efforts in developing countries. Quebec's two asbestos mines planned to expand operations and make Quebec the second biggest global asbestos exporter...
November 23, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872401/criminality-and-asbestos-in-industry
#3
Barry Castleman
Criminal prosecutions of individuals in the asbestos industry are reviewed, particularly the case of asbestos owner-executive Stephan Schmidheiny. Italian courts sentenced Schmidheiny to sixteen to eighteen years in jail for creating an environmental disaster causing three thousand deaths. The convictions were overturned on a technicality, and a murder case against Schmidheiny has started. His firm, Eternit, made asbestos-cement building products in many countries. Schmidheiny directed a cover-up that the Italian Court of Appeal blamed for delaying the ban of asbestos in Italy by ten years...
November 21, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872400/creative-defiance
#4
Chaz Maviyane-Davies
Throughout his work, Chaz Maviyane-Davies has used images and ideas to cut through complacency and apathy while trying to raise social consciousness. The issues addressed in his work have included social discrimination, human rights, health, and the environment. Creating an expressive alternate vision in a pervading regressive body politic has never been easy and therein lies the challenge he calls "Creative Defiance." The article is from a presentation which was made at the University of Massachusetts Lowell in 2016...
November 21, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794074/unsustainable-wind-turbine-blade-disposal-practices-in-the-united-states-a-case-for-policy-intervention-and-technological-innovation
#5
Katerin Ramirez-Tejeda, David A Turcotte, Sarah Pike
Finding ways to manage the waste from the expected high number of wind turbine blades in need of disposal is crucial to harvest wind energy in a truly sustainable manner. Landfilling is the most cost-effective disposal method in the United States, but it imposes significant environmental impacts. Thermal, mechanical, and chemical processes allow for some energy and/or material recovery, but they also carry potential negative externalities. This article explores the main economic and environmental issues with various wind turbine blade disposal methods...
October 28, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758852/chaos-at-work-why-class-gender-and-race-still-matter
#6
Eve Spangler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624785/inspiring-collaboration-the-legacy-of-theo-colborn-s-transdisciplinary-research-on-fracking
#7
Sara Wylie, Kim Schultz, Deborah Thomas, Chris Kassotis, Susan Nagel
This article describes Dr Theo Colborn's legacy of inspiring complementary and synergistic environmental health research and advocacy. Colborn, a founder of endocrine disruption research, also stimulated study of hydraulic fracturing (fracking). In 2014, the United States led the world in oil and gas production, with fifteen million Americans living within one mile of an oil or gas well. Colborn pioneered efforts to understand and control the impacts of this sea change in energy production. In 2005, her research organization The Endocrine Disruption Exchange (TEDX) developed a database of chemicals used in natural gas extraction and their health effects...
September 13, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605565/the-pivotal-role-of-the-social-sciences-in-environmental-health-sciences-research
#8
Symma Finn, Gwen Collman
Environmental health sciences research seeks to elucidate environmental factors that put human health at risk. A primary aim is to develop strategies to prevent or reduce exposures and disease occurrence. Given this primary focus on prevention, environmental health sciences research focuses on the populations most at risk such as communities of color and/or low socioeconomic status. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences research programs incorporate the principles of Community-Based Participatory Research to study health disparities...
September 6, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581419/community-health-impacts-from-oil-and-gas-development-in-texas-the-perspective-of-sharon-wilson
#9
Lourdes Vera
Sharon Wilson is a community organizer for the nonprofit organization Earthworks. After leaving her office job managing data for the oil and gas industry, she started organizing in response to negative impacts from unconventional oil and gas extraction methods near her Texas home and throughout the state. She describes the environmental health impacts of oil and gas development aided by new technologies and regulatory exemptions set forth by the 2005 Energy Policy Act. Production has spread to previously unexplored regions over the last decade, including her property on the Barnett Shale in North Texas, where she has interacted with energy corporations and observed the intensification of residents' health issues...
August 30, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554110/social-science-environmental-health-collaborations-an-exciting-new-direction
#10
Jacob Matz, Phil Brown, Julia Brody
The Social Science-Environmental Health Collaborations Conference in May 2016 was a unique gathering of scholars from the social sciences and environmental health sciences, government agency professionals, community organizers and activists, and students. Conference participants described the research and practice of environmental public health as done through a transdisciplinary lens and with a community-based participatory research/community-engaged research model. NIEHS' role in supporting such work has helped create a growing number of social and environmental health scientists who cross boundaries as they work with each other and with community-based organizations...
August 22, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549362/redesigning-a-participatory-health-study-for-a-french-industrial-context
#11
Barbara L Allen, Alison K Cohen, Yolaine Ferrier, Johanna Lees, Travis Richards
The Marseille, France, metropolitan area is home to a heavily concentrated industrial region directly adjacent to residential communities. These towns have been subjected to a wide variety of social science and public health studies, but residents continue to have many questions about health concerns for which they currently have primarily anecdotal evidence. Reflecting on our in-progress research in two of these towns, we argue that community-based participatory research that draws from both social science and public health science can be successfully adapted to the French political and cultural context and is key for developing environmental health research that is relevant for community residents and local leaders...
August 21, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540025/community-university-collaborations-for-environmental-justice-toward-a-transformative-co-learning-model
#12
Penn Loh
Community-university collaborations for environmental justice have pushed the boundaries of the modern research university, yet remain rooted in a research frame. This article lays out a transformative co-learning model, which aspires to cultivate long-term, place-based, reciprocal partnerships where university and community co-produce knowledge and action toward a more just, sustainable, and democratic society. Starting with joint inquiry and planning, community and university integrate teaching, research, and service activities over a cycle of three to five years and, if sustained, co-evolve in place over the decades...
August 17, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540024/collaborating-for-systems-change-a-social-science-framework-for-academic-roles-in-community-partnerships
#13
Katrina Smith Korfmacher, Kristianna Grass Pettibone, Kathleen M Gray, Ogonnaya Dotson Newman
Environmental health researchers, government agencies, and community groups have endorsed long-term community-academic partnerships as an effective strategy to support science-based improvements in environmental health. Social sciences concepts, approaches, and methods are fundamental to these translational partnerships. However, appropriate roles for academic partners vary throughout the process of changing systems (policies, practices, programs, etc.). This can complicate planning, evaluating, and sustaining such partnerships...
August 17, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521290/capitalism-qualified-what-s-in-a-name
#14
Elisabeth Wilder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494942/u-s-food-system-working-conditions-as-an-issue-of-food-safety-key-stakeholder-perspectives-for-setting-the-policy-agenda
#15
Megan L Clayton, Katherine C Smith, Keshia M Pollack, Roni A Neff, Lainie Rutkow
Food workers' health and hygiene are common pathways to foodborne disease outbreaks. Improving food system jobs is important to food safety because working conditions impact workers' health, hygiene, and safe food handling. Stakeholders from key industries have advanced working conditions as an issue of public safety in the United States. Yet, for the food industry, stakeholder engagement with this topic is seemingly limited. To understand this lack of action, we interviewed key informants from organizations recognized for their agenda-setting role on food-worker issues...
August 5, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406113/does-informal-employment-exist-in-the-united-states-and-other-developed-countries
#16
EDITORIAL
Carlos E Siqueira
This editorial argues that informal employment does exist in developed countries and needs to be studied as such to complement the existing literature mostly published on informal work in developing countries.
August 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406112/land-life-and-security-an-interview-with-edgardo-garcia-secretary-general-of-the-association-of-farm-workers-in-nicaragua
#17
Madeleine K Scammell, Marvin Gonzalez
This is an interview with Edgardo Garcia, Secretary General of the Association of Farm Workers in Nicaragua and Oscar BerrĂ­os from the Nicaraguan National Engineering University. The interview was conducted in Nicaragua in October 2013. Garcia and BerrĂ­os address the importance of organizing among formal workers and informal workers, and the shared conditions of both in Nicaragua. They highlight the history and context of the agricultural workers who began organizing during the national armed revolutionary war, the role of government to create conditions for healthy and safe work, and the need for workers to organize and advocate for themselves...
August 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406111/extending-occupational-health-and-safety-to-urban-street-vendors-reflections-from-a-project-in-durban-south-africa
#18
Laura Alfers, Phumzile Xulu, Richard Dobson, Sujatha Hariparsad
This article focuses on an action-research project which is attempting to extend occupational health and safety to a group of street traders in Durban, South Africa, using a variety of different (and sometimes unconventional) institutional actors. The article is written from the perspective of key people who have played a role in conceptualizing and administering the project and is intended to deepen the conversation about what it means to extend occupational health to the informal economy. It explores this question through a reflection on three key project activities: the setting up of a trader-led health and safety committee, an occupational health and safety training course, and a clinical health assessment...
August 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406110/pesticide-health-and-safety-challenges-facing-informal-sector-workers-a-case-of-small-scale-agricultural-workers-in-tanzania
#19
Aiwerasia Ngowi, Ezra Mrema, Stephen Kishinhi
The Tanzania informal sector is growing fast, with precarious working conditions and particular hazards for women and children in agriculture. Hazardous agricultural chemicals including pesticides are mostly imported and have been used for many years. Despite the role played by pesticides in food security and vector control, these chemicals are responsible for acute and chronic illnesses among communities. The availability of obsolete persistent organic pesticides on the open market indicates existence of an inadequate regulatory system...
August 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296976/participatory-training-to-improve-safety-and-health-in-small-construction-sites-in-some-countries-in-asia-development-and-application-of-the-wiscon-training-program
#20
Tsuyoshi Kawakami
A participatory training program, Work Improvement in Small Construction Sites, was developed to provide practical support measures to the small construction sector. Managers and workers from selected small sites were interviewed about their occupational safety and health risks. The Work Improvement in Small Construction Sites training program comprised a 45-item action checklist, photos, and illustrations showing local examples and group work methods. Pilot training workshops were carried out with workers and employers in Cambodia, Laos, Mongolia, Thailand, and Vietnam...
August 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
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