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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401353/maternal-fetal-loss-history-and-increased-acute-leukemia-subtype-risk-in-subsequent-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
M A Karalexi, N Dessypris, A Skalkidou, S -I Biniaris-Georgallis, Ε Ι Kalogirou, T P Thomopoulos, E Herlenius, L G Spector, D Loutradis, G P Chrousos, E Th Petridou
PURPOSE: History of fetal loss including miscarriage and stillbirth has been inconsistently associated with childhood (0-14 years) leukemia in subsequent offspring. A quantitative synthesis of the inconclusive literature by leukemia subtype was therefore conducted. METHODS: Eligible studies (N = 32) were identified through the screening of over 3500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of miscarriage/stillbirth history with overall (AL; 18,868 cases/35,685 controls), acute lymphoblastic (ALL; 16,150 cases/38,655 controls), and myeloid (AML; 3042 cases/32,997 controls) leukemia...
April 11, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391376/evolving-disparities-in-the-epidemiology-of-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancers
#2
Pardis Javadi, Arun Sharma, Whitney E Zahnd, Wiley D Jenkins
Incidence rates of head and neck cancers (HNC) associated with human papillomavirus (HPVa) infection are increasing while non-HPV-associated (non-HPVa) HNC cancer rates are decreasing. As nearly all sexually active individuals will acquire an HPV infection, it is important to understand epidemiologic trends of HNCs associated with this sexually transmitted disease. We analyzed SEER 9 (1973-2012) and 18 data (2000-2012) for HPVa HNCs (oropharynx area; OP) and non-HPVa (oral cavity area; OC). Incidence rates were examined by gender, race, rurality, geographic location, and time...
April 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382514/intake-of-meat-and-fish-and-risk-of-head-neck-cancer-subtypes-in-the-netherlands-cohort-study
#3
Andy Perloy, Denise H E Maasland, Piet A van den Brandt, Bernd Kremer, Leo J Schouten
PURPOSE: To date, the role of meat and fish intake in head-neck cancer (HNC) etiology is not well understood and prospective evidence is limited. This prompted us to study the association between meat, fish, and HNC subtypes, i.e., oral cavity cancer (OCC), oro- and hypopharyngeal cancer (OHPC), and laryngeal cancer (LC), within the Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS). METHODS: In 1986, 120,852 participants (aged 55-69 years) completed a baseline 150-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), from which daily meat and fish intake were calculated...
April 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364196/citizenship-length-of-stay-and-screening-for-breast-cervical-and-colorectal-cancer-in-women-2000-2010
#4
Patricia Y Miranda, Nengliang Yao, S Amy Snipes, Rhonda BeLue, Eugene Lengerich, Marianne M Hillemeier
BACKGROUND: Two factors jointly account for significant gaps in access to health care among immigrants who are present in the U.S.-legal status, and length of residence. The objective of this study is to examine the association between citizenship and length of residence in the U.S. and cancer screening (breast, cervical, and colorectal) among women. METHODS: We analyzed 11 years (2000-2010) of consolidated data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey linked with the National Health Interview Survey...
March 31, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361447/reproductive-factors-and-incidence-of-endometrial-cancer-in-u-s-black-women
#5
Todd R Sponholtz, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Elizabeth E Hatch, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Lauren A Wise
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that reproductive history is a strong determinant of endometrial cancer risk among white women. Less is known about how reproductive history affects endometrial cancer risk among black women, whose incidence and mortality differ from white women. We investigated the associations of age at menarche, parity, timing of births, and menopausal age with endometrial cancer in the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Every 2 years from 1995 to 2013, 47,555 participants with intact uteri at baseline in 1995 completed questionnaires on reproductive and medical history, and lifestyle factors...
March 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361446/does-milk-intake-promote-prostate-cancer-initiation-or-progression-via-effects-on-insulin-like-growth-factors-igfs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Sean Harrison, Rosie Lennon, Jeff Holly, Julian P T Higgins, Mike Gardner, Claire Perks, Tom Gaunt, Vanessa Tan, Cath Borwick, Pauline Emmet, Mona Jeffreys, Kate Northstone, Sabina Rinaldi, Stephen Thomas, Suzanne D Turner, Anna Pease, Vicky Vilenchick, Richard M Martin, Sarah J Lewis
PURPOSE: To establish whether the association between milk intake and prostate cancer operates via the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway (including IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3). METHODS: Systematic review, collating data from all relevant studies examining associations of milk with IGF, and those examining associations of IGF with prostate cancer risk and progression. Data were extracted from experimental and observational studies conducted in either humans or animals, and analyzed using meta-analysis where possible, with summary data presented otherwise...
March 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357528/a-prospective-study-of-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-and-the-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#7
Amy Moore, Qing Lan, Jonathan N Hofmann, Chin-San Liu, Wen-Ling Cheng, Ta-Tsung Lin, Sonja I Berndt
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number increases in response to DNA damage. Increased mtDNA copy number has been observed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells, suggesting a role in PCa development, but this association has not yet been investigated prospectively. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study (793 cases and 790 controls) of men randomized to the screening arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) to evaluate the association between pre-diagnosis mtDNA copy number, measured in peripheral blood leukocytes, and the risk of PCa...
March 29, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352981/fasting-but-not-casual-blood-glucose-is-associated-with-pancreatic-cancer-mortality-in-japanese-epoch-japan
#8
Masato Nagai, Yoshitaka Murakami, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yutaka Kiyohara, Michiko Yamada, Shigekazu Ukawa, Takumi Hirata, Sachiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Tomonori Okamura
PURPOSE: The dose-response relationship between fasting blood glucose levels and risk of pancreatic cancer has been investigated, but the association between casual blood glucose levels and pancreatic cancer death has not been examined. We examined the association between casual and fasting blood glucose levels and death due to pancreatic cancer in Japanese. METHODS: We performed a pooled analysis of the individual Japanese including 46,387 participants aged 40-79 years from ten cohorts...
March 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349440/patterns-and-reasons-for-switching-classes-of-hormonal-therapy-among-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#9
Marilyn L Kwan, Janise M Roh, Cecile A Laurent, Jean Lee, Li Tang, Dawn Hershman, Lawrence H Kushi, Song Yao
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients can switch hormonal therapy (HT) regimens due to treatment side effects or menopausal status change. We describe HT class switching from aromatase inhibitor (AI) to tamoxifen (TAM), and vice versa. METHODS: In a cohort of 3,265 women diagnosed with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer at Kaiser Permanente Northern California from 2005 to 2013, we analyzed prescription records, switching reasons, and treatment adherence post-switch by chart review, through 31 December 2014...
March 27, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342087/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#10
Zhiyi Zhou, Fangfang Zeng, Jianhui Yuan, Jinling Tang, Graham A Colditz, Shelley S Tworoger, Britton Trabert, Xuefen Su
PURPOSE: Previous studies on pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the risk of ovarian cancer have found inconsistent results. We performed an updated meta-analysis to summarize the evidence of this association. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and ISI web of science databases were searched through October 2016 for studies that investigated the PID and ovarian cancer association. Summary risk estimates were calculated using random-effects meta-analysis. RESULT: Thirteen studies were eligible for analysis, which included six cohort studies and seven case-control studies...
March 24, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337559/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-defined-by-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptor-status-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#11
Saki Narita, Manami Inoue, Eiko Saito, Sarah K Abe, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Kenji Shibuya, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have suggested a protective effect of dietary fiber intake on breast cancer risk while the results have been inconsistent. Our study aimed to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and breast cancer risk and to explore whether this association is modified by reproductive factors and hormone receptor status of the tumor. METHODS: A total of 44,444 women aged 45 to 74 years from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were included in analyses...
March 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321693/age-at-diagnosis-obesity-smoking-and-molecular-subtypes-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#12
Xuezheng Sun, Katherine A Hoadley, William Y Kim, Helena Furberg, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneity of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) has been characterized using whole-genome mRNA expression data, showing distinct molecular and clinicopathological characteristics by subtypes. However, associations between risk factors and molecular subtypes have not been reported. METHODS: Four previously published schemes were used to categorize molecular subtypes in 372 MIBC patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Data on gene expression (RNA-seq), demographic, and clinicopathological characteristics were retrieved through TCGA data portal...
March 20, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303484/alterations-in-microrna-expression-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-in-rectal-cancer-subjects
#13
Lila E Mullany, Jennifer S Herrick, Roger K Wolff, John R Stevens, Martha L Slattery
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption has been purported to influence many diseases. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may be influenced by compounds found in alcohol. In this investigation, we test the hypothesis that total alcohol, beer, wine, and hard liquor influence miRNA expression. METHODS: We studied 1447 colorectal (CR) cancer cases with normal CR mucosa and carcinoma miRNA expression data along with alcohol consumption data. We analyzed long-term and long-term and current (LTC) alcohol use for beer, liquor, and wine with miRNA expression between paired carcinoma and normal colon and rectal tissues, adjusting for multiple comparisons using the positive false discovery rate q-value...
March 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299512/endometriosis-and-risk-of-ovarian-and-endometrial-cancers-in-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-u-s-nurses
#14
Elizabeth M Poole, Wayne T Lin, Marina Kvaskoff, Immaculata De Vivo, Kathryn L Terry, Stacey A Missmer
PURPOSE: Endometriosis is associated with ovarian cancer, but the relation with endometrial cancer is unclear. Prior studies generally were retrospective and had potential limitations, including use of self-reported endometriosis, failure to account for delays between symptom onset and endometriosis diagnosis, and changes in risk factors post-endometriosis diagnosis. We evaluated whether these limitations obscured a weak association with endometrial cancer and the extent to which these limitations impacted associations with ovarian cancer...
March 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299511/epidemiologic-paradigms-for-progress-in-ovarian-cancer-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Shelley S Tworoger, Jennifer Anne Doherty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283879/ovarian-cancer-epidemiology-in-the-era-of-collaborative-team-science
#16
Rikki A Cannioto, Britton Trabert, Elizabeth M Poole, Joellen M Schildkraut
PURPOSE: Over the past decade, a number of consortia have formed to further investigate genetic associations, pathogenesis, and epidemiologic risk and prognostic factors for ovarian cancer. Here, we review the benefits that ovarian cancer consortia provide as well as challenges that have arisen. Methods for managing key challenges are also discussed. METHODS: We review the structural organization and some of the milestone epidemiologic publications of five consortia dedicated to the study of ovarian cancer, including the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC), the Ovarian Tumor Tissue Analysis (OTTA) Consortium, the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium (OC3), the Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies of Ovarian Cancer (The Oxford Collaborative Group), and the Ovarian Cancer in Women of African Ancestry (OCWAA) consortium...
March 10, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275936/changes-in-the-racial-disparity-in-breast-cancer-mortality-in-the-ten-us-cities-with-the-largest-african-american-populations-from-1999-to-2013-the-reduction-in-breast-cancer-mortality-disparity-in-chicago
#17
Dominique Sighoko, Anne Marie Murphy, Bethliz Irizarry, Garth Rauscher, Carol Ferrans, David Ansell
PURPOSE: Assess progress made to reduce racial disparity in breast cancer mortality in Chicago compared to nine other cities with largest African American populations and the US. METHODS: The Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW) female breast cancer mortality rates and rate ratios (RR) (disparity) were compared between 1999 and 2005 and 2006 and 2013. RESULTS: Between the two periods, the NHB breast cancer mortality rate in Chicago decreased by 13...
March 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260177/older-age-at-the-completion-of-linear-growth-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-adult-glioma
#18
Rebecca B Little, L Burt Nabors, Jeffrey J Olson, Zachary J Thompson, Carrie M Rozmeski, Renato V LaRocca, Peter A Forsyth, Reid C Thompson, Robert A Oster, Sajeel A Chowdhary, Kathleen M Egan
PURPOSE: To examine the association of age when adult height was attained with glioma risk. METHODS: We analyzed data from a US-based case-control study of glioma risk factors. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) associated between age at attainment of adult height and glioma risk. Multivariate models were adjusted for age, race, sex, education, and state of residence. We examined associations overall, and according to glioma grade, sex, and final adult height...
March 4, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258513/higher-body-mass-index-in-16-19-year-old-jewish-adolescents-of-north-african-middle-eastern-and-european-origins-is-a-predictor-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-cohort-of-2-3%C3%A2-million-israelis
#19
Oded Shamriz, Merav Leiba, Hagai Levine, Estela Derazne, Lital Keinan-Boker, Jeremy D Kark
PURPOSE: Studies evaluating adolescent risk factors for developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are virtually nonexistent. We assessed adolescent predictors of AML in adults, with a main focus on adolescent BMI. METHODS: The study included 2,310,922 16-19-year-old Jewish Israeli adolescents (mean age 17.3 ± 0.4, 59.5% male), called up for an obligatory health examination. Sociodemographic and health data, including measured weight and height, were gathered...
March 3, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255678/cigarette-graphic-health-warning-labels-and-information-avoidance-among-individuals-from-low-socioeconomic-position-in-the-u-s
#20
Rachel Faulkenberry McCloud, Cassandra Okechukwu, Glorian Sorensen, K Viswanath
PURPOSE: Although graphic health warning labels (GHWs) on cigarette packs have influenced cessation behaviors in other countries, no U.S. studies have explored the impact of avoidance of GHW content among individuals from low socioeconomic position (SEP). The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of intention to avoid GHWs, and how avoidance impacts cessation intention, in a low SEP sample in the U.S. METHODS: Data come from low SEP smokers (n = 541) involved in a field experiment...
March 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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