Read by QxMD icon Read

Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

Wayne A Warner, Tammy Y Lee, Fang Fang, Adana A M Llanos, Smriti Bajracharya, Vasavi Sundaram, Kimberly Badal, Vandana Devika Sookdeo, Veronica Roach, Marjorie Lamont-Greene, Camille Ragin, Simeon Slovacek, Krishan Ramsoobhag, Jasmine Brown, Timothy R Rebbeck, Ravi Maharaj, Bettina F Drake
PURPOSE: In Trinidad and Tobago (TT), prostate cancer (CaP) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer deaths among men. TT currently has one of the highest CaP mortality rates in the world. METHODS: 6,064 incident and 3,704 mortality cases of CaP occurring in TT from January 1995 to 31 December 2009 reported to the Dr. Elizabeth Quamina Cancer population-based cancer registry for TT, were analyzed to examine CaP survival, incidence, and mortality rates and trends by ancestry and geography...
May 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Kristin J Voltzke, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Jose P Zevallos, Guo-Pei Yu, Deborah M Winn, Thomas L Vaughan, Erich M Sturgis, Elaine Smith, Stephen M Schwartz, Stimson Schantz, Joshua Muscat, Hal Morgenstern, Michael McClean, Guojun Li, Philip Lazarus, Karl Kelsey, Maura Gillison, Chu Chen, Paolo Boffetta, Mia Hashibe, Andrew F Olshan
There have been few published studies on differences between Blacks and Whites in the estimated effects of alcohol and tobacco use on the incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC) in the United States. Previous studies have been limited by small numbers of Blacks. Using pooled data from 13 US case-control studies of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal cancers in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium, this study comprised a large number of Black HNC cases (n = 975). Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for several tobacco and alcohol consumption characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Duncan C Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Benjamin J Scally, Nancy Krieger, Jarvis T Chen
PURPOSE: In order to improve colorectal cancer outcomes in the United States, there is an urgent need for research on the drivers of geographic disparities in stage at diagnosis. Our objective was to determine the effects of racialized economic segregation on the odds of late diagnosis. METHODS: Among 187,843 adults (≥ 18 years old) with new diagnoses of colorectal cancer reported to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End-Results program between 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2013, exposure to racialized economic segregation was measured at the county-level using Index of Concentration at the Extremes metrics...
April 27, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Trang VoPham, Kimberly A Bertrand, Rulla M Tamimi, Francine Laden, Jaime E Hart
PURPOSE: To conduct the first epidemiologic study prospectively examining the association between particulate matter air pollution < 2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5 ) exposure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in the U.S. METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) provided information on HCC cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2014 from 16 population-based cancer registries across the U.S. Ambient PM2.5 exposure was estimated by linking the SEER county with a spatial PM2...
April 25, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Olivia Moran, Tasnim Zaman, Andrea Eisen, Rochelle Demsky, Kristina Blackmore, Julia A Knight, Christine Elser, Ophira Ginsburg, Kevin Zbuk, Martin Yaffe, Steven A Narod, Leonardo Salmena, Joanne Kotsopoulos
PURPOSE: Mammographic density is a risk factor for breast cancer but the mechanism behind this association is unclear. The receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK)/RANK ligand (RANKL) pathway has been implicated in the development of breast cancer. Given the role of RANK signaling in mammary epithelial cell proliferation, we hypothesized this pathway may also be associated with mammographic density. Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a decoy receptor for RANKL, is known to inhibit RANK signaling...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sabine Rohrmann, Yurii B Shvetsov, Yukiko Morimoto, Lynne R Wilkens, Kristine R Monroe, Loïc Le Marchand, Adrian A Franke, Laurence N Kolonel, Gertraud Maskarinec
PURPOSE: To examine if dietary intake of foods rich in flavonoids, which have been shown to be inversely associated with chronic diseases, is associated with inflammatory processes. METHODS: This analysis includes controls of case-control studies nested within the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) who completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at cohort entry. Biomarkers were assessed in blood donated during follow-up (mean = 9.6 years). We used multivariate linear regression adjusted for potential confounders to estimate associations between intake of flavanones, flavonols, and isoflavones and levels of adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Shadi Azam, Theis Lange, Stephanie Huynh, Arja R Aro, My von Euler-Chelpin, Ilse Vejborg, Anne Tjønneland, Elsebeth Lynge, Zorana J Andersen
PURPOSE: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use increases breast cancer risk and mammographic density (MD). We examine whether MD mediates or modifies the association of HRT with the breast cancer. METHODS: For the 4,501 participants in the Danish diet, cancer and health cohort (1993-1997) who attended mammographic screening in Copenhagen (1993-2001), MD (mixed/dense or fatty) was assessed at the first screening after cohort entry. HRT use was assessed by questionnaire and breast cancer diagnoses until 2012 obtained from the Danish cancer registry...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sangah Shin, Eiko Saito, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Akiko Nanri, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: The development of prostate cancer may be impacted by environmental factors, including diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and risk of prostate cancer in a large prospective cohort study among Japanese men. METHODS: A total of 43,469 men who participated in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were followed from 1995 to 1998 to the end of 2012, during which 1,156 cases of prostate cancer were newly identified...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sylvia H J Jochems, Frits H M van Osch, Raoul C Reulen, Mitch van Hensbergen, Duncan Nekeman, Sarah Pirrie, Anke Wesselius, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Nicholas D James, D Michael A Wallace, Richard T Bryan, K K Cheng, Maurice P Zeegers
INTRODUCTION: There is some evidence that greater consumption of fruit and vegetables decreases the risk of bladder cancer. The role of fruit and vegetables in bladder cancer recurrence is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: The role of total fruit and vegetable intake in relation to the risk of developing bladder cancer recurrence in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: 728 patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), who completed self-administrated questionnaires on fruit and vegetable intake at time of diagnosis (over the year before diagnosis) and 1 year after diagnosis, were included...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Rhonda Arthur, Victoria A Kirsh, Nancy Kreiger, Thomas Rohan
PURPOSE: Several modifiable risk factors have been associated with risk of female cancers, but there is limited data regarding their combined effect on risk among Canadian women. Therefore, we assessed the joint association of modifiable risk factors, using a healthy lifestyle index (HLI) score, with risk of specific reproductive cancers. METHOD: This study included a subcohort of 3,185 of the 39,618 women, who participated in the Canadian Study of Diet, Lifestyle, and Health, and in whom 410, 177, and 100 postmenopausal breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers, respectively, were ascertained...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Adriana C Vidal, Lauren E Howard, Amanda de Hoedt, Matthew R Cooperberg, Christopher J Kane, William J Aronson, Martha K Terris, Christopher L Amling, Emanuela Taioli, Jay H Fowke, Stephen J Freedland
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammation, as measured by C-reactive protein, has been linked with poor prostate cancer (PC) outcomes, predominantly in white men. Whether other immune measures like white blood cell counts are correlated with PC progression and whether results vary by race is unknown. We examined whether complete blood count (CBC) parameters were associated with PC outcomes and whether these associations varied by race. METHODS: Analyses include 1,826 radical prostatectomy patients from six VA hospitals followed through medical record review for biochemical recurrence (BCR)...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Theresa H M Keegan, Qian Li, Amy Steele, Elysia M Alvarez, Ann Brunson, Christopher R Flowers, Sally L Glaser, Ted Wun
PURPOSE: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors experience high risks of second cancers and cardiovascular disease, but no studies have considered whether the occurrence of these and other medical conditions differ by sociodemographic factors in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors. METHODS: Data for 5,085 patients aged 15-39 when diagnosed with HL during 1996-2012 and surviving ≥ 2 years were obtained from the California Cancer Registry and linked to hospitalization data...
April 13, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Lusine Yaghjyan, Shannan Rich, Liang Mao, Volker Mai, Kathleen M Egan
PURPOSE: We investigated the association of coffee consumption with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, overall and by the status of postmenopausal hormone therapy (PMH). METHODS: This study included 126,182 postmenopausal women (2,636 with breast cancer and 123,546 without) from UK Biobank. Cancer diagnoses were ascertained through the linkage to the UK National Health Service Central Registers. Information on breast cancer risk factors and coffee consumption was collected at baseline and updated during follow-up...
April 12, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Benjamin C James, Janeil M Mitchell, Heedo D Jeon, Nektarios Vasilottos, Raymon H Grogan, Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy
PURPOSE: Over the past several decades, there has been a reported increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer in many countries. We previously reported an increase in thyroid cancer incidence across continents between 1973 and 2002. Here, we provide an update on the international trends in thyroid cancer between 2003 and 2007. METHODS: We examined thyroid cancer incidence data from the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents (CI5) database for the period between 1973 and 2007 from 24 populations in the Americas, Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, and report on the time trends as well as the distribution by histologic type and gender worldwide...
April 5, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Elizabeth Milne, Kathryn R Greenop, Eleni Petridou, Helen D Bailey, Laurent Orsi, Alice Y Kang, Margarita Baka, Audrey Bonaventure, Maria Kourti, Catherine Metayer, Jacqueline Clavel
PURPOSE: The early onset of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) suggests that critical exposures occurring during pregnancy may increase risk. We investigated the effects of maternal coffee and tea consumption during pregnancy on ALL risk by pooling data from eight case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. METHOD: Data on maternal coffee intake were available for 2,552 cases and 4,876 controls, and data on tea intake were available for 2,982 cases and 5,367 controls...
March 29, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Amy Moore, Wen-Yi Huang, Kim Danforth, Roni Falk, Allison Meade, Rachel Bagni, Sonja I Berndt
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections and chronic inflammation have been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer. Inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and free radicals, have been hypothesized to play a role. METHODS: To explore the role of inflammation in prostate cancer risk further, we examined the association between pre-diagnostic serum levels of interleukin-16 (IL-16), an important pleiotropic cytokine, and prostate cancer risk among 932 Caucasian cases and 942 controls and 154 African-American cases and 302 controls in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial...
March 28, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sally Peprah, Frank C Curreiro, Jennifer H Hayes, Kimberly Stern, Shalini Parekh, Gypsyamber D'Souza
PURPOSE: Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) rates have tremendously declined in the United States, yet new cases consistently occur in Maryland and throughout the United States. We hypothesized that although rates have generally declined, this decline is uneven across counties and over time. METHODS: Space-time cluster detection analysis was conducted to evaluate clusters of ICC incidence at the county level within Maryland between 2003 and 2012. RESULTS: The most likely cluster was a cluster of low incidence, which included 6 counties in eastern Maryland for the period 2009-2012...
March 12, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Tze-An Yuan, Frank Meyskens, Feng Liu-Smith
PURPOSE: Most melanoma studies have been performed in the white population who exhibits the highest incidence rate due to their skin sensitivity to UV radiation. Previous publications have shown that young women (approximately under the menopausal age) exhibit higher incidence rates than men of the same age, and the causes are mostly attributed to their sun behavior or indoor tanning. In our recent publications, we suggested that higher risk in younger women was due to pathophysiological factors, such as hormonal impact, and thus this higher risk in young women should be shared across ethnicities regardless of their skin color or UV behavior...
May 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Nina Roswall, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, My von Euler-Chelpin, Ilse Vejborg, Elsebeth Lynge, Steen Solvang Jensen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Traffic is the most important source of community noise, and it has been proposed to be associated with a range of disease outcomes, including breast cancer. As mammographic breast density (MD) is one of the strongest risk factors for developing breast cancer, the present study investigated whether there is an association between residential exposure to traffic noise and MD in a Danish cohort. METHODS: We included women with reproductive and lifestyle information available from the Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort, who also participated in the Copenhagen Mammography Screening Programme (n = 5,260)...
May 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"