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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523418/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-during-potential-windows-of-susceptibility
#1
Alexandra J White, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Hazel B Nichols, Lisa A DeRoo, Dale P Sandler
PURPOSE: An association between smoking and breast cancer is unresolved, although a higher risk from exposure during windows of susceptibility has been proposed. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the association between tobacco smoke and breast cancer with a focus on timing of exposure, especially during early life. METHODS: Sister study participants (n = 50,884) aged 35-74 were enrolled from 2003 to 2009. Women in the United States and Puerto Rico were eligible if they were breast cancer-free but had a sister with breast cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516298/modeled-traffic-noise-at-the-residence-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-cohort-study
#2
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Kim Overvad, Jytte Halkjær, Mette Sørensen
PURPOSE: Traffic noise has become an increasing public health concern, associated with pervasive negative health effects, most likely through pathways of sleep disruption and stress. Both sleep disruption and stress have been associated with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential traffic noise and colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: Traffic noise was calculated for all residential addresses from 1987 to 2012 for 51,283 Danes in the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503716/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-risk-in-an-italian-case-control-study
#3
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Martina Taborelli, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Antonella Zucchetto, Anna Crispo, Maria Grimaldi, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Jerry Polesel
BACKGROUND: While dietary factors have been shown to play an important etiologic role in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), little is known about the association between inflammatory properties of diet and NHL risk. METHODS: We explored the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and NHL risk in a multicenter Italian case-control study conducted between 1999 and 2014. Cases were 536 subjects with incident, histologically confirmed NHL from three areas in Italy...
May 13, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484923/circulating-levels-of-obesity-related-markers-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-the-plco-cancer-screening-trial
#4
Linda M Liao, Jonathan N Hofmann, Eunyoung Cho, Michael N Pollak, Wong-Ho Chow, Mark P Purdue
PURPOSE: Obesity is an established risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It is unclear what biologic mechanisms underlie this association, although recent evidence suggests that the effects of circulating hormones such as insulin-like growth factors (IGF) and adipokines may play a role. METHODS: To address this question, we conducted a nested case-control study of RCC (252 cases, 252 controls) within the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial investigating associations with pre-diagnostic serum levels of total adiponectin, high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, IGF-1, IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), and C-peptide...
May 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478536/percent-mammographic-density-prediction-development-of-a-model-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#5
Megan S Rice, Bernard A Rosner, Rulla M Tamimi
PURPOSE: To develop a model to predict percent mammographic density (MD) using questionnaire data and mammograms from controls in the Nurses' Health Studies' nested breast cancer case-control studies. Further, we assessed the association between both measured and predicted percent MD and breast cancer risk. METHODS: Using data from 2,955 controls, we assessed several variables as potential predictors. We randomly divided our dataset into a training dataset (two-thirds of the dataset) and a testing dataset (one-third of the dataset)...
May 6, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477210/population-based-assessment-of-racial-ethnic-differences-in-utilization-of-radical-cystectomy-for-patients-diagnosed-with-bladder-cancer
#6
Stephen B Williams, Jinhai Huo, Christopher D Kosarek, Karim Chamie, Selwyn O Rogers, Michele A Williams, Sharon H Giordano, Simon P Kim, Ashish M Kamat
PURPOSE: Radical cystectomy is a surgical treatment for recurrent non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive bladder cancer; however, many patients may not receive this treatment. METHODS: A total of 27,578 patients diagnosed with clinical stage I-IV bladder cancer from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2013 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry database. We used multivariable regression analyses to identify factors predicting the use of radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477209/parental-smoking-maternal-alcohol-coffee-and-tea-consumption-and-the-risk-of-childhood-brain-tumours-the-estelle-and-escale-studies-sfce-france
#7
Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Léa Guerrini-Rousseau, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
PURPOSE: To investigate whether parental smoking around the time of pregnancy or maternal consumption of beverages (alcohol, coffee, or tea) during pregnancy were associated with the risk of CBT. METHODS: We pooled data from two French national population-based case-control studies with similar designs conducted in 2003-2004 and 2010-2011. The mothers of 510 CBT cases (directly recruited from the national childhood cancer register) and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years, frequency matched by age and gender, were interviewed through telephone, which included questions about prenatal parental smoking and maternal consumption of alcohol, coffee and tea...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466108/multivariate-analysis-of-spatial-temporal-scales-in-melanoma-prevalence
#8
Edward Valachovic, Igor Zurbenko
Melanoma is a particularly deadly form of skin cancer arising from diverse biological and physical origins, making the characterization and quantification of relationships with recognized risk factors very complex. Melanoma has known associations with ultraviolet light exposure. Natural variations in solar electromagnetic irradiation, length of exposure, and intensity operate on different and therefore uncorrelated time scale frequencies. It is necessary to separate and investigate the principal components, such as the annual and solar cycle components, free from confounding influences...
May 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466107/cigarette-smoking-and-the-association-with-serous-ovarian-cancer-in-african-american-women-african-american-cancer-epidemiology-study-aaces
#9
Linda E Kelemen, Sarah Abbott, Bo Qin, Lauren Cole Peres, Patricia G Moorman, Kristin Wallace, Elisa V Bandera, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Kathleen Cartmell, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Lisa E Paddock, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul Terry, Anthony J Alberg, Joellen M Schildkraut
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a risk factor for mucinous ovarian cancer (OvCa) in Caucasians. Whether a similar association exists in African Americans (AA) is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of incident OvCa in AA women across 11 geographic locations in the US. A structured telephone interview asked about smoking, demographic, health, and lifestyle factors. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (OR, 95% CI) were estimated from 613 cases and 752 controls using unconditional logistic regression in multivariable adjusted models...
May 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455551/erratum-to-older-age-at-the-completion-of-linear-growth-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-adult-glioma
#10
Rebecca B Little, L Burt Nabors, Jeffrey J Olson, Zachary J Thompson, Carrie M Rozmeski, Renato V LaRocca, Peter A Forsyth, Reid C Thompson, Robert A Oster, Sajeel A Chowdhary, Kathleen M Egan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451806/racial-differences-in-prostate-cancer-risk-in-young-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Anupriya Dutta, Hajime Uno, Alex Holman, David R Lorenz, Dana Gabuzda
PURPOSE: African American men have the highest incidence of prostate cancer among ethnic groups, and racial disparity is highest in younger men. Prostate cancer prevalence is rising in HIV-infected men due to improved survival on antiretroviral therapies, yet little is known about racial differences in prostate cancer risk by HIV-infection status and age. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of prostate cancer risk in 2,800 HIV-infected and -uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM) aged 40-70 years (22% African American) who were enrolled in the multicenter AIDS cohort study from 1996 to 2010...
April 27, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447308/determinants-of-stage-at-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-in-nigerian-women-sociodemographic-breast-cancer-awareness-health-care-access-and-clinical-factors
#12
Elima Jedy-Agba, Valerie McCormack, Oluwole Olaomi, Wunmi Badejo, Monday Yilkudi, Terna Yawe, Emmanuel Ezeome, Iliya Salu, Elijah Miner, Ikechukwu Anosike, Sally N Adebamowo, Benjamin Achusi, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Clement Adebamowo
PURPOSE: Advanced stage at diagnosis is a common feature of breast cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), contributing to poor survival rates. Understanding its determinants is key to preventing deaths from this cancer in SSA. METHODS: Within the Nigerian Integrative Epidemiology of Breast Cancer Study, a multicentred case-control study on breast cancer, we studied factors affecting stage at diagnosis of cases, i.e. women diagnosed with histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer between January 2014 and July 2016 at six secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432494/primary-prevention-and-screening-practices-among-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Lori Mandelzweig, Angela Chetrit, Tova Amitai, Barbara Silverman, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Siegal Sadetzki
PURPOSE: Parallel to increasing survival of breast cancer (BC) patients, a need has arisen to characterize the follow-up required to improve and maintain their health. Our study aimed to assess changes in lifestyle habits over time among the study population, compare compliance rates of selected primary and secondary prevention practices between long-term BC survivors and an age-matched comparison group, and identify factors associated with compliance to these practices. METHODS: The study population comprised 250 Israeli BC survivors, diagnosed with BC between 1999 and 2003, without evidence of disease after 8-12 years, and 250 women with no cancer history, individually matched to survivors by age and area of residence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401353/maternal-fetal-loss-history-and-increased-acute-leukemia-subtype-risk-in-subsequent-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
M A Karalexi, N Dessypris, A Skalkidou, S -I Biniaris-Georgallis, Ε Ι Kalogirou, T P Thomopoulos, E Herlenius, L G Spector, D Loutradis, G P Chrousos, E Th Petridou
PURPOSE: History of fetal loss including miscarriage and stillbirth has been inconsistently associated with childhood (0-14 years) leukemia in subsequent offspring. A quantitative synthesis of the inconclusive literature by leukemia subtype was therefore conducted. METHODS: Eligible studies (N = 32) were identified through the screening of over 3500 publications. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted on the association of miscarriage/stillbirth history with overall (AL; 18,868 cases/35,685 controls), acute lymphoblastic (ALL; 16,150 cases/38,655 controls), and myeloid (AML; 3042 cases/32,997 controls) leukemia...
April 11, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391376/evolving-disparities-in-the-epidemiology-of-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancers
#15
Pardis Javadi, Arun Sharma, Whitney E Zahnd, Wiley D Jenkins
Incidence rates of head and neck cancers (HNC) associated with human papillomavirus (HPVa) infection are increasing while non-HPV-associated (non-HPVa) HNC cancer rates are decreasing. As nearly all sexually active individuals will acquire an HPV infection, it is important to understand epidemiologic trends of HNCs associated with this sexually transmitted disease. We analyzed SEER 9 (1973-2012) and 18 data (2000-2012) for HPVa HNCs (oropharynx area; OP) and non-HPVa (oral cavity area; OC). Incidence rates were examined by gender, race, rurality, geographic location, and time...
April 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364196/citizenship-length-of-stay-and-screening-for-breast-cervical-and-colorectal-cancer-in-women-2000-2010
#16
Patricia Y Miranda, Nengliang Yao, S Amy Snipes, Rhonda BeLue, Eugene Lengerich, Marianne M Hillemeier
BACKGROUND: Two factors jointly account for significant gaps in access to health care among immigrants who are present in the U.S.-legal status, and length of residence. The objective of this study is to examine the association between citizenship and length of residence in the U.S. and cancer screening (breast, cervical, and colorectal) among women. METHODS: We analyzed 11 years (2000-2010) of consolidated data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey linked with the National Health Interview Survey...
March 31, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361447/reproductive-factors-and-incidence-of-endometrial-cancer-in-u-s-black-women
#17
Todd R Sponholtz, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Elizabeth E Hatch, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Lauren A Wise
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that reproductive history is a strong determinant of endometrial cancer risk among white women. Less is known about how reproductive history affects endometrial cancer risk among black women, whose incidence and mortality differ from white women. We investigated the associations of age at menarche, parity, timing of births, and menopausal age with endometrial cancer in the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Every 2 years from 1995 to 2013, 47,555 participants with intact uteri at baseline in 1995 completed questionnaires on reproductive and medical history, and lifestyle factors...
March 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357528/a-prospective-study-of-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-and-the-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#18
Amy Moore, Qing Lan, Jonathan N Hofmann, Chin-San Liu, Wen-Ling Cheng, Ta-Tsung Lin, Sonja I Berndt
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number increases in response to DNA damage. Increased mtDNA copy number has been observed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells, suggesting a role in PCa development, but this association has not yet been investigated prospectively. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study (793 cases and 790 controls) of men randomized to the screening arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) to evaluate the association between pre-diagnosis mtDNA copy number, measured in peripheral blood leukocytes, and the risk of PCa...
March 29, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352981/fasting-but-not-casual-blood-glucose-is-associated-with-pancreatic-cancer-mortality-in-japanese-epoch-japan
#19
Masato Nagai, Yoshitaka Murakami, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yutaka Kiyohara, Michiko Yamada, Shigekazu Ukawa, Takumi Hirata, Sachiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Tomonori Okamura
PURPOSE: The dose-response relationship between fasting blood glucose levels and risk of pancreatic cancer has been investigated, but the association between casual blood glucose levels and pancreatic cancer death has not been examined. We examined the association between casual and fasting blood glucose levels and death due to pancreatic cancer in Japanese. METHODS: We performed a pooled analysis of the individual Japanese including 46,387 participants aged 40-79 years from ten cohorts...
March 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337559/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-defined-by-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptor-status-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#20
Saki Narita, Manami Inoue, Eiko Saito, Sarah K Abe, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Kenji Shibuya, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have suggested a protective effect of dietary fiber intake on breast cancer risk while the results have been inconsistent. Our study aimed to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and breast cancer risk and to explore whether this association is modified by reproductive factors and hormone receptor status of the tumor. METHODS: A total of 44,444 women aged 45 to 74 years from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were included in analyses...
March 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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