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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

Jessica Chubak, Onchee Yu, Rebecca A Ziebell, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Andrew T Sterrett, Monica M Fujii, Jennifer M Boggs, Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Denise M Boudreau, Lu Chen, James S Floyd, Debra P Ritzwoller, Rebecca A Hubbard
PURPOSE: To describe the association between diabetes and colon cancer recurrence. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study at two integrated health care delivery systems in the United States. Using tumor registry data, we identified patients aged ≥ 18 years when diagnosed with stage I-IIIA adenocarcinomas of the colon during 1995-2014. Pre-existing diabetes was ascertained via diagnosis codes. Medical records were reviewed for eligibility and to abstract recurrence and covariate information...
September 22, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Steven M Springer, Angela McFall, Polly Hager, Antoinette Percy-Laury, Cynthia A Vinson
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States representing about 25% of all cancer deaths. The risk from smoking has increased over time with racial/ethnic minorities and disadvantaged populations having higher smoking rates and experiencing greater burden of lung cancer compared to other populations. Rural populations, in particular, experience higher rates of tobacco usage associated with increased incidence of lung cancer. National efforts to identify lung cancer in its early stage would greatly benefit high-risk populations, consequently reducing advanced cancers and potentially decreasing smoking rates...
September 18, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Nina Afshar, Dallas R English, Vicky Thursfield, Paul L Mitchell, Luc Te Marvelde, Helen Farrugia, Graham G Giles, Roger L Milne
PURPOSE: Few large-scale studies have investigated sex differences in cancer survival and little is known about their temporal and age-related patterns. METHODS: We used cancer registry data for first primary cancers diagnosed between 1982 and 2015 in Victoria, Australia. Cases were followed until the end of 2015 through linkage to death registries. Differences in survival were assessed for 25 cancers using the Pohar-Perme estimator of net survival and the excess mortality rate ratio (EMRR) adjusting for age and year of diagnosis...
September 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Shadi Azam, Katja Kemp Jacobsen, Arja R Aro, My von Euler-Chelpin, Anne Tjønneland, Ilse Vejborg, Elsebeth Lynge, Zorana J Andersen
PURPOSE: Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle risk factor in prevention of breast cancer. Mammographic density (MD) is a strong risk factor for breast cancer. We investigate the association of regular physical activity with MD. METHODS: For 5,703 women who participated in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort (1993-1997) and attended mammographic screening in Copenhagen (1993-2001), MD was assessed at the first screening after cohort entry. MD was defined as a binary measure equivalent to Breast Imaging Report and Data System (BI-RADS) to either mixed/dense or fatty...
September 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Beth A Mueller, David R Doody, Noel S Weiss, Eric J Chow
PURPOSE: We examined serious long-term outcomes among childhood cancer survivors using population-based data. METHODS: We used 1982-2014 Washington State data to compare hospitalization and/or death (including cause-specific) during up to 27 years follow-up among all 5+ year childhood cancer survivors < 20 years at diagnosis (n = 3,152) and a sample of comparison children within birth cohorts, with assessment by cancer type and child/family characteristics...
September 5, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Kawthar Al-Ajmi, Artitaya Lophatananon, Martin Yuille, William Ollier, Kenneth R Muir
A disease risk model is a statistical method which assesses the probability that an individual will develop one or more diseases within a stated period of time. Such models take into account the presence or absence of specific epidemiological risk factors associated with the disease and thereby potentially identify individuals at higher risk. Such models are currently used clinically to identify people at higher risk, including identifying women who are at increased risk of developing breast cancer. Many genetic and non-genetic breast cancer risk models have been developed previously...
September 3, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sandra Garcia, Sandi L Pruitt, Amit G Singal, Caitlin C Murphy
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence has declined over the past two decades; however, these declines have not occurred equally in all populations. To better understand the impact of CRC among Hispanics, we examined incidence trends by age and Hispanic ethnicity. METHODS: Using data from the National Program of Cancer Registries and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, we estimated CRC incidence rates during the period 2001-2014, and across all 50 U...
August 28, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sushmita Katuwal, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Kristina Kjaerheim, Pär Sparen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elsebeth Lynge, Elisabete Weiderpass, Eero Pukkala
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine occupational variations in the incidence of breast cancer in the population-based cohort of Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA). METHODS: The study included long-term follow-up data from almost 7.5 million Nordic women. Participants were assigned to one of the 54 occupational categories based on census records at the ages of 30-64 years. Sixty-two thousand cases of breast cancer were identified through record linkages between nationwide cancer registries in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland, followed up between 1961 and 2005...
August 27, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Simon Craddock Lee, Robin T Higashi, Joanne M Sanders, Hong Zhu, Stephen J Inrig, Caroline Mejias, Keith E Argenbright, Jasmin A Tiro
PURPOSE: Effects of geographic program expansion to rural areas on screening program outcomes are understudied. We sought to determine whether time-to-resolution (TTR) varied significantly by service delivery time period, location, and participant characteristics across 19 North Texas counties. METHODS: We calculated proportions undergoing diagnostic follow-up and resolved ≤ 60 days. We calculated median TTR for each time period and abnormal result BI-RADS 0, 4, 5...
August 23, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Mindy C DeRouen, Clayton W Schupp, Juan Yang, Jocelyn Koo, Andrew Hertz, Salma Shariff-Marco, Myles Cockburn, David O Nelson, Sue A Ingles, Iona Cheng, Esther M John, Scarlett L Gomez
PURPOSE: The reasons behind socio-economic disparities in prostate cancer incidence remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that individual-level factors act jointly with neighborhood-level social and built environment factors to influence prostate cancer risk and that specific social and built environment factors contribute to socio-econmic differences in risk. METHODS: We used multi-level data, combining individual-level data (including education and known prostate cancer risk factors) for prostate cancer cases (n = 775) and controls (n = 542) from the San Francisco Bay Area Prostate Cancer Study, a population-based case-control study, with contextual-level data on neighborhood socio-economic status (nSES) and specific social and built environment factors from the California Neighborhoods Data System...
August 22, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Arthur Sillah, Nathaniel F Watson, Stephen M Schwartz, David Gozal, Amanda I Phipps
PURPOSE: In vitro and animal models suggest that the physiological effects of sleep apnea could contribute to cancer risk, yet epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent. METHODS: We identified a cohort of adults diagnosed with sleep apnea between 2005 and 2014 using regional administrative databases. Linking this cohort to a population-based cancer registry, we identified first incident cancers diagnosed after sleep apnea diagnosis through 2015. We calculated age-sex standardized cancer incidence ratios (SIRs) to compare the observed number of cancers among those with sleep apnea with expected population estimates over a comparable period...
August 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Madina Agénor, Sarah Abboud, Jazmine Garcia Delgadillo, Ashley E Pérez, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Overall, foreign-born women are less likely than U.S.-born women to have initiated human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. However, foreign-born women are a racially/ethnically diverse population, and race/ethnicity is an independent predictor of HPV vaccination. METHODS: Using 2011-2015 National Health Interview Survey data, we used multivariable logistic regression to estimate odds ratios for foreign-born black, Latina, and Asian women compared to foreign-born white women and U...
August 17, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Aliya Alimujiang, Graham A Colditz, Jane D Gardner, Yikyung Park, Catherine S Berkey, Siobhan Sutcliffe
PURPOSE: To begin to explore the possible roles of childhood diet and growth in prostate cancer (PCa) development, we investigated these exposures in relation to two known/suspected PCa risk factors, earlier pubertal timing and greater attained height, in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Health and Development. METHODS: We used biannual/annual height, weight, and dietary history data to investigate childhood diet, body mass index (BMI), birth length, and childhood height in relation to PCa risk factors (age at peak height velocity (APHV), height at age 13, and adult height) for 64 Caucasian American boys...
August 14, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Dylan E O'Sullivan, Troy W R Hillier, Darren R Brenner, Cheryl E Peters, Will D King
PURPOSE: Despite a strong association between indoor tanning and the risk of cutaneous cancers, the relationship between indoor tanning and non-cutaneous cancers is unknown. Our objective was to estimate the association of indoor tanning with developing non-cutaneous cancers. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of the association between indoor tanning and non-cutaneous cancer sites. Associations were estimated using random effects models...
August 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fen Wu, Yelena Afanasyeva, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Jinghua Zhang, Ann Marie Schmidt, Yu Chen
PURPOSE: The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) have been considered as biomarkers of several chronic diseases. However, the temporal reliability of their concentrations in the circulation is yet to be demonstrated. We evaluated whether a single measurement of serum sRAGE and esRAGE could serve as an estimate for usual serum levels in epidemiologic studies. METHODS: Serum sRAGE and esRAGE were measured using ELISAs in three yearly samples from 36 participants in the New York University Women's Health Study...
August 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Daniel J Lee, Zhiguo Zhao, Li-Ching Huang, Tatsuki Koyoma, Matthew J Resnick, David F Penson, Daniel A Barocas, Karen E Hoffman
PURPOSE: Racial disparities are apparent in the management and outcomes for prostate cancer; however, disparities in compliance to quality measures for radiation therapy for prostate cancer have not been previously studied. Therefore, the goal of the study was to characterize disparities in the compliance rates with quality measures. METHODS: The comparative effectiveness analysis of radiation therapy and surgery study is a population-based, prospective cohort study that enrolled 3708 men with clinically localized prostate cancer from 2011 to 2012...
August 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Eric A Miller, Paul F Pinsky, Dudith Pierre-Victor
PURPOSE: Men with diabetes have been found to have a reduced risk of prostate cancer (PCa), potentially due to detection bias from lower prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels or inhibition of tumor growth. Understanding if lower PCa rates are due to a lower risk of the disease or a detection bias from PSA testing can help inform the benefits and harms from prostate cancer screening. METHODS: We used data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Screening Trial to assess the impact of PSA screening on PCa in men with diabetes and the potential role of detection bias and/or slower tumor growth...
August 9, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Andrew Brickman, Olveen Carrasquillo
PURPOSE: HPV self-sampling has previously been shown to increase cervical cancer screening among ethnic minority and immigrant women. We conducted a randomized pragmatic trial to examine the effectiveness of HPV self-sampling delivered via in-person versus by US mail for medically underserved Hispanic, Haitian, and non-Hispanic Black women living in South Florida. METHODS: We randomized women aged 30-65 who had not completed Pap smear screening in the past 3 years into two groups: (1) HPV self-sampling delivered in-person (IP) by a community health worker (CHW; IP + SS) or (2) HPV self-sampling delivered via US mail (SS + Mail)...
July 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Gaelen Stanford-Moore, Patrick T Bradshaw, Mark C Weissler, Jose P Zevallos, Paul Brennan, Devasena Anantharaman, Behnoush Abedi-Ardekani, Andrew F Olshan
Prior studies of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) have explored the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) as an independent risk factor; however, none have investigated the interaction of known risk factors with SES. We examined this using the North Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Study, a population-based case-control study. Incident cases of SCCHN from North Carolina between 2002 and 2006 (n = 1,153) were identified and age, sex, and race-matched controls (n = 1,267) were selected from driver license records...
September 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Wee Heng Soh, Nadia Rajaram, Shivaani Mariapun, Mikael Eriksson, Farhana Fadzli, Weang Kee Ho, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Per Hall, Soo-Hwang Teo
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a modifiable lifestyle factor associated with reduced breast cancer risk. Mammographic density is a strong, independent risk factor for breast cancer, and some breast cancer risk factors have been shown to modify mammographic density. However, the effect of physical activity on mammographic density, studied predominantly among Caucasians, has yielded conflicting results. In this study, we examined, in an Asian population, the association between physical activity and mammographic density...
September 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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