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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733787/gatekeepers-perceptions-of-the-quality-and-availability-of-services-for-breast-and-cervical-cancer-patients-in-the-english-speaking-windward-islands-an-exploratory-investigation
#1
Kamilah B Thomas-Purcell, Will L Tarver, Christine Richards, Marva Primus-Joseph
PURPOSE: Although extensive screening services for breast and cervical cancers are available in the Caribbean, these cancers continue to be the leading causes of cancer death among women in this region. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality and availability of breast and cervical cancer treatment care and support services from the perspective of the gatekeepers who provide care for the patients in the Windward Islands of Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia, and St. Vincent. METHODS: A qualitative research design using semi-structured, in-depth interviews was used to gather data from gatekeepers who provided oncology prevention and care services to patients for at least one year...
July 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712058/reliance-on-medicinal-plant-therapy-among-cancer-patients-in-jamaica
#2
Kimberley Foster, Novie Younger, William Aiken, Doreen Brady-West, Rupika Delgoda
PURPOSE: Patients' perspective of their treatment regime plays a vital role in its success. Recognizing the high prevalence of medicinal plant usage among Jamaicans at large, we investigated the engagement of such remedies by cancer patients, with the aim of uncovering self-medicating habits, perceptions and details of utilized plants. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-based questionnaire was administered to 100 patients attending the oncology and urology clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710584/associations-between-sun-exposure-and-other-lifestyle-variables-in-swedish-women
#3
R Scragg, S Sandin, M Löf, H-O Adami, E Weiderpass
PURPOSE: Sun exposure is associated with risk of several chronic diseases including cancer. The study aim is to investigate whether sun behaviors are related to other lifestyle risk factors of cancer. METHODS: We analyzed data collected in 2003-2004 by self-completed questionnaire from 34,402 Swedish women aged 40-61 years, who comprised 70% of a cohort of originally recruited from a population registry in 1991-1992 (n = 49,259). Participants were asked about annual number of sunburns and annual number of weeks of swimming and sunbathing during 1991-2002, solarium use during 1991-1998 and current sunscreen use...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702814/evaluating-the-impact-of-varied-compliance-to-lung-cancer-screening-recommendations-using-a-microsimulation-model
#4
Summer S Han, S Ayca Erdogan, Iakovos Toumazis, Ann Leung, Sylvia K Plevritis
BACKGROUND: The US preventive services task force (USPSTF) recently recommended that individuals aged 55-80 with heavy smoking history be annually screened by low-dose computed tomography (LDCT), thereby extending the stopping age from 74 to 80 compared to the national lung screening trial (NLST) entry criterion. This decision was made partly with model-based analyses from cancer intervention and surveillance modeling network (CISNET), which assumed perfect compliance to screening. METHODS: As part of CISNET, we developed a microsimulation model for lung cancer (LC) screening and calibrated and validated it using data from NLST and the prostate, lung, colorectal, and ovarian cancer screening trial (PLCO), respectively...
July 12, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695396/active-smoking-and-survival-following-breast-cancer-among-african-american-and-non-african-american-women-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#5
Humberto Parada, Xuezheng Sun, Chiu-Kit Tse, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester, Kathleen Conway
PURPOSE: To examine racial differences in smoking rates at the time of breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent survival among African American and non-African American women in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (Phases I/II), a large population-based North Carolina study. METHODS: We interviewed 788 African American and 1,020 Caucasian/non-African American women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from 1993 to 2000, to assess smoking history. After a median follow-up of 13...
July 10, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685277/ko-pamoja-the-feasibility-of-a-lay-health-educator-led-breast-and-cervical-screening-program-for-black-women-in-ontario-canada-short-report
#6
Aisha Lofters, Ankur Jain, Winnie Siu, Meghan Kyte, Nakia Lee-Foon, Fran Scott, Onye Nnorom
BACKGROUND: Effective strategies are needed to actively encourage Black women in Canada to adhere to breast and cervical cancer screening and follow-up. In this study, we describe "Ko-Pamoja," a pilot peer education program for breast and cervical cancer screening targeted specifically at Black women in Toronto, Canada. METHODS: We used an Afrocentric lens to design the program, whose purpose was to increase awareness of cancer susceptibility and the benefits of screening for breast and cervical cancer for Black women...
July 6, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681104/benign-breast-disease-and-risk-of-thyroid-cancer
#7
Juhua Luo, Michael Hendryx, Rami Nassir, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Dorothy Lane, Karen L Margolis
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that breast and thyroid diseases may be linked. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between benign breast disease and subsequent risk of thyroid cancer. METHODS: Postmenopausal women (n = 133,875) aged 50-79 years were followed up for a mean of 14 years. Benign breast disease was defined by history of biopsy. Incident thyroid cancer cases were confirmed by medical record review. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to estimate hazard ratios...
July 6, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677026/circulating-leptin-and-adiponectin-and-breast-density-in-premenopausal-mexican-women-the-mexican-teachers-cohort
#8
L Dossus, S Rinaldi, C Biessy, M Hernandez, M Lajous, A Monge, E Ortiz-Panozo, E Yunes, R Lopez-Ridaura, G Torres-Mejía, I Romieu
PURPOSE: Leptin and adiponectin are produced by the adipose tissue. Mammographic density (MD) is one of the strongest predictors of breast cancer (BC) and is highly influenced by adiposity. How the interplay between MD, obesity, and obesity-related biomarkers influences BC risk, however, is still unknown, especially in premenopausal women, where adiposity seems to be protective for BC. The aim of the present study was to explore the association between circulating leptin, adiponectin, and their ratio, with MD in Mexican premenopausal women who are part of the large Mexican Teachers' Cohort (MTC)...
July 4, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677025/calcium-as-a-chemopreventive-agent-against-colorectal-neoplasm-does-obesity-play-a-role
#9
NaNa Keum, Hanseul Kim, Edward L Giovannucci
BACKGROUND: Concerning the chemopreventive potential of calcium against colorectal neoplasms, strong evidence from initial randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of colorectal adenoma has not been confirmed from the most recent large RCT. To explain the conflicting results, a new hypothesis was proposed that the benefit of calcium may be confined to lean individuals. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we examined heterogeneity of the associations of calcium intake with adenoma and CRC, using data from the most recent meta-analyses of observational studies and conducting subgroup analysis by average body mass index (BMI) of study population...
July 4, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677024/evolution-of-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-site-specific-cancer-mortality-among-belgian-women-between-1991-and-2008-using-a-fundamental-cause-approach
#10
Katrien Vanthomme, Hadewijch Vandenheede, Paulien Hagedoorn, Sylvie Gadeyne
PURPOSE: According to the "fundamental cause theory", emerging knowledge on health-enhancing behaviours and technologies results in persisting and even widening health disparities, favouring the higher socioeconomic groups. This study aims to assess (trends in) socioeconomic inequalities in site-specific cancer mortality in Belgian women. METHODS: Data were derived from record linkage between the Belgian census and register data on mortality for 1991-1997 and 2001-2008 for all Belgian female inhabitants aged 50-79 years...
July 4, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649692/urgent-need-to-strengthen-and-expand-screening-and-other-cancer-control-programs-in-the-caricom-caribbean
#11
Renee A Franklin, Donald T Simeon
PURPOSE: With high mortality in breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancers in Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries, we examined cancer control initiatives including screening as well as the implementation of relevant international and regional mandates. METHODS: Secondary data were used to examine cancer control initiatives, which included the presence of national policies, programs, and screening services as well as the implementation of international and regional mandates...
June 26, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647865/response-to-systematic-review-of-dietary-nutritional-and-physical-activity-interventions-for-the-prevention-of-prostate-cancer-progression-and-mortality-by-hackshaw-mcgeagh-and-colleagues
#12
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646364/sinonasal-malignancies-incidence-and-histological-distribution-in-jamaica-1973-2007
#13
Tracey N Gibson, Dawn P McNaughton, Barrie Hanchard
PURPOSE: To determine the histological distribution and trends in incidence of sinonasal malignancies in Jamaica. METHODS: Cases of all sinonasal malignancies diagnosed between 1973 and 2007 were extracted from the archives of the Jamaica Cancer Registry. Data recorded for each case included age at diagnosis, sex, year of diagnosis, topography, and histology. Data were used to calculate frequencies, age-specific incidence rates, and age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs)...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643109/racial-differences-in-the-effects-of-comorbidity-on-breast-cancer-specific-survival
#14
Melissa L Santorelli, Kim M Hirshfield, Michael B Steinberg, Yong Lin, George G Rhoads, Elisa V Bandera, Kitaw Demissie
PURPOSE: In an effort to explain racial disparities in breast cancer survival, this study aimed to investigate how comorbidity affects breast cancer-specific mortality by race. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare linked data including 68,090 women 66+ years, who were diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer in the United States from 1994 to 2004. Hospital and outpatient claims from the year prior to breast cancer diagnosis were used to identify comorbid conditions and patients were followed for survival through 2010...
June 22, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612129/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-evidence-from-the-italian-multicentre-case-control-study
#15
Stefano Parodi, Franco Domenico Merlo, Emanuele Stagnaro
PURPOSE: Several investigations have analysed the association between coffee intake and risk of cancer. Contradictory results were reported by the studies conducted in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) few of which report results according to main NHL subgroups. The present study is aimed at evaluating the association between coffee consumption and the risk of NHL by analysing data from a large Italian multicentre case-control study that included 1,418 interviewed cases (1,301 B cell and 117 T cell NHL), diagnosed between 1990 and 1993, and 1,774 population healthy controls...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577154/association-of-endometrial-hyperplasia-and-cancer-with-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes
#16
Paige D Wartko, Tiffany L Beck, Susan D Reed, Beth A Mueller, Stephen E Hawes
PURPOSE: Excess circulating insulin may contribute to endometrial cancer (EC) development; studies suggest increased risk of EC associated with type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether gestational diabetes is associated with increased risk of EC and its precursor, endometrial hyperplasia (EH). METHODS: We conducted a population-based, case-control study of women in Washington State. Cases were women with a hospital discharge record indicating the presence of EH/EC who could be linked to a prior delivery hospitalization or birth record from 1987 to 2013 (n = 593)...
June 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573469/geographic-epidemiology-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-viral-hepatitis-and-socioeconomic-position-in-new-york-city
#17
Mary M Ford, Elena Ivanina, Payal Desai, Linda Highfield, Baozhen Qiao, Maria J Schymura, Fabienne Laraque
PURPOSE: Liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)) incidence and mortality rates are increasing in the United States. New York City (NYC) has a high burden of liver cancer risk factors, including hepatitis C (HCV) and hepatitis B (HBV) infection, which disproportionately affect persons of low socioeconomic position. Identifying neighborhoods with HCC disparities is essential to effectively define targeted cancer control strategies. METHODS: New York State Cancer Registry data from 1 January 2001 through 31 December 2012 were matched with NYC HCV and HBV surveillance data...
June 1, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534090/tooth-loss-and-liver-cancer-incidence-in-a-finnish-cohort
#18
Baiyu Yang, Jessica L Petrick, Christian C Abnet, Barry I Graubard, Gwen Murphy, Stephanie J Weinstein, Satu Männistö, Demetrius Albanes, Katherine A McGlynn
PURPOSE: Periodontal disease, a major cause of tooth loss in adults, may have systemic effects and has been associated with higher risk of several cancer types. However, the associations of periodontal disease or tooth loss with liver cancer have only been examined prospectively in two studies, neither of which had sufficient statistical power. In addition, no studies assessed the potential confounding by viral hepatitis or Helicobacter pylori infection status. METHODS: In this study, we examined the association between tooth loss and primary liver cancer incidence in a prospective cohort of Finnish male smokers (n = 29,096)...
May 22, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523418/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-during-potential-windows-of-susceptibility
#19
Alexandra J White, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Hazel B Nichols, Lisa A DeRoo, Dale P Sandler
PURPOSE: An association between smoking and breast cancer is unresolved, although a higher risk from exposure during windows of susceptibility has been proposed. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the association between tobacco smoke and breast cancer with a focus on timing of exposure, especially during early life. METHODS: Sister study participants (n = 50,884) aged 35-74 were enrolled from 2003 to 2009. Women in the United States and Puerto Rico were eligible if they were breast cancer-free but had a sister with breast cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516298/modeled-traffic-noise-at-the-residence-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-cohort-study
#20
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Kim Overvad, Jytte Halkjær, Mette Sørensen
PURPOSE: Traffic noise has become an increasing public health concern, associated with pervasive negative health effects, most likely through pathways of sleep disruption and stress. Both sleep disruption and stress have been associated with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential traffic noise and colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: Traffic noise was calculated for all residential addresses from 1987 to 2012 for 51,283 Danes in the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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