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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164363/can-we-hiit-cancer-if-we-attack-inflammation
#1
Efthymios Papadopoulos, Daniel Santa Mina
Physical exercise offers numerous health-related benefits to individuals with cancer. Epidemiologic research has primarily been concerned with conventional exercise training that aligns with the recommendations of 150 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity per week. These recommendations are safe and effective at improving physical and psychosocial outcomes. Given the extensive evidence for generalized physical activity, researchers have begun to explore novel training regimens that may provide additional health benefits and/or improved adherence...
November 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139043/early-onset-baldness-and-the-risk-of-aggressive-prostate-cancer-findings-from-a-case-control-study
#2
Nathan P Papa, Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Damien Bolton, Ian D Davis, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Jeremy L Millar, Gianluca Severi, John L Hopper, Graham G Giles
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the associations between androgenetic alopecia at a young age and subsequent development of aggressive prostate cancer (PC). METHODS: Using a case-control design with self-administered questionnaire, we evaluated the association between aggressive PC and very early-onset balding at age 20, and early-onset balding at age 40 years in 1,941 men. Cases were men with high-grade and/or advanced stage cancer and controls were clinic based men who had undergone biopsy and were found to be histologically cancer negative...
November 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124545/a-framework-to-understand-diet-physical-activity-body-weight-and-cancer-risk
#3
Edward Giovannucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124544/reproductive-risk-factor-associations-with-lobular-and-ductal-carcinoma-in-the-carolina-breast-cancer-study
#4
Lindsay A Williams, Hazel B Nichols, Katherine A Hoadley, Chiu Kit Tse, Joseph Geradts, Mary Elizabeth Bell, Charles M Perou, Michael I Love, Andrew F Olshan, Melissa A Troester
BACKGROUND: Invasive lobular breast tumors display unique reproductive risk factor profiles. Lobular tumors are predominantly Luminal A subtype, and it is unclear whether reported risk factor associations are independent of molecular subtype. METHODS: Polytomous logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the associations between risk factors and histologic subtype [ductal (n = 2,856), lobular (n = 326), and mixed ductal-lobular (n = 473)] in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (1993-2013)...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124543/determinants-of-prolactin-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women-in-singapore
#5
Tiffany A Katz, Anna H Wu, Frank Z Stanczyk, Renwei Wang, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Steffi Oesterreich, Lesley M Butler
PURPOSE: Mechanistic and observational data together support a role for prolactin in breast cancer development. Determinants of prolactin in Asian populations have not been meaningfully explored, despite the lower risk of breast cancer in Asian populations. METHODS: Determinants of plasma prolactin were evaluated in 442 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Singapore Chinese Health Study, a population-based prospective cohort study. At baseline all cohort members completed an in-person interview that elicited information on diet, menstrual and reproductive history, and lifestyle factors...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124542/uptake-of-hpv-testing-and-extended-cervical-cancer-screening-intervals-following-cytology-alone-and-pap-hpv-cotesting-in-women-aged-30-65%C3%A2-years
#6
Michelle I Silver, Anne F Rositch, Darcy F Phelan-Emrick, Patti E Gravitt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adoption of HPV testing and recommended extended cervical cancer screening intervals in clinical practice, we described yearly uptake of Pap/HPV cotesting and estimated length of time between normal screens by patient characteristics. METHODS: We examined 55,575 Pap/HPV records from 27,035 women aged 30-65 years from the Johns Hopkins Hospital Pathology Data System between 2006 and 2013. Cotest uptake and median times to next screening test for cotests and cytology only were calculated...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086892/menstrual-cycle-characteristics-and-steroid-hormone-prolactin-and-growth-factor-levels-in-premenopausal-women
#7
Leslie V Farland, Fan Mu, A Heather Eliassen, Susan E Hankinson, Shelley S Tworoger, Robert L Barbieri, Mitch Dowsett, Michael N Pollak, Stacey A Missmer
PURPOSE: Menstrual cycle characteristics are markers of endocrine milieu. However, associations between age at menarche and adulthood sex steroid hormone levels have been inconsistent, and data on menstrual characteristics and non-sex steroid hormones are sparse. METHODS: We assessed the relations of menstrual characteristics with premenopausal plasma sex steroid hormones, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), prolactin, and growth factors among 2,745 premenopausal women (age 32-52) from the Nurses' Health Study II...
October 31, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027594/treatment-and-survival-disparities-by-ethnicity-in-new-zealand-women-with-stage-i-iii-breast-cancer-tumour-subtypes
#8
Ross Lawrenson, Chunhuan Lao, Ian Campbell, Vernon Harvey, Sanjeewa Seneviratne, Melissa Edwards, Mark Elwood, Nina Scott, Jacquie Kidd, Diana Sarfati, Marion Kuper-Hommel
PURPOSE: This study aims to look at the distribution of different subtypes of stage I-III breast cancer in Māori and Pacific versus non-Māori/Pacific women, and to examine cancer outcomes by ethnicity within these different subtypes. METHOD: This study included 9,015 women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer between June 2000 and May 2013, recorded in the combined Waikato and Auckland Breast Cancer Registers, who had complete data on ER, PR and HER2 status...
October 13, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986722/impact-of-the-national-cervical-screening-programme-in-new-zealand-by-age-analysis-of-cervical-cancer-trends-1985-2013-in-all-women-and-in-m%C3%A4-ori-women
#9
Megan A Smith, Simon Edwards, Karen Canfell
BACKGROUND: New Zealand is an example of a country with a well-established cytology-based screening program. New Zealand's National Cervical Screening Programme (NCSP) commenced in 1990, and recommends three-yearly cytology-based screening for women aged 20-69 years. In 2018, the NCSP will transition to five-yearly HPV-based screening for women aged 25-69 years. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the program to date in different groups, to provide a benchmark for the new program...
October 6, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983711/economic-and-disease-burden-of-breast-cancer-associated-with-suboptimal-breastfeeding-practices-in-mexico
#10
Mishel Unar-Munguía, Rafael Meza, M Arantxa Colchero, Gabriela Torres-Mejía, Teresita Gonzalez de Cosío
PURPOSE: Exclusive breastfeeding and longer breastfeeding reduce women's breast cancer risk but Mexico has one of the lowest breastfeeding rates worldwide. We estimated the lifetime economic and disease burden of breast cancer in Mexico if 95% of parous women breastfeed each child exclusively for 6 months and continue breastfeeding for over a year. METHODS: We used a static microsimulation model with a cost-of-illness approach to simulate a cohort of Mexican women...
October 5, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965165/alcohol-consumption-and-mammographic-density-in-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort
#11
Katja Kemp Jacobsen, Elsebeth Lynge, Anne Tjønneland, Ilse Vejborg, My von Euler-Chelpin, Zorana J Andersen
PURPOSE: We examined the association between alcohol consumption and mammographic density (MD) considering in detail the time of exposure and the type of alcohol. METHODS: Of 5,356 women (4,489 post-menopausal) from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort (1993-1997) who attended mammographic screening in Copenhagen (1993-2001), we used MD (mixed/dense or fatty) assessed at the first screening after cohort entry. Alcohol consumption was assessed at the time of recruitment...
September 30, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940119/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-obesity-and-lung-cancer-risk-by-smoking-status-in-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-us-adults
#12
Alpa V Patel, Brian D Carter, Victoria L Stevens, Mia M Gaudet, Peter T Campbell, Susan M Gapstur
Physical activity has been associated with lower lung cancer risk in numerous studies with estimates ranging from 20 to 50% lower risk in the most versus the least active study participants. Underweight and obesity have also been associated with lower lung cancer risk, with a nonlinear, inverted U-shaped relationship. However, associations of physical activity and obesity with lung cancer are likely significantly confounded by smoking since individuals who smoke are generally less active and leaner than non-smokers, but few studies have examined these associations stratified by smoking status...
September 22, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929436/endogenous-sex-hormone-exposure-and-repetitive-element-dna-methylation-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women
#13
Devon J Boyne, Christine M Friedenreich, John B McIntyre, Frank Z Stanczyk, Kerry S Courneya, Will D King
PURPOSE: Epigenetic mechanisms may help to explain the complex and heterogeneous relation between sex hormones and cancer. Few studies have investigated the effects of sex hormones on epigenetic markers related to cancer risk such as levels of methylation within repetitive DNA elements. Our objective was to describe the association between endogenous sex hormone exposure and levels of LINE-1 and Alu methylation in healthy postmenopausal women. METHODS: We nested a cross-sectional study within the Alberta Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Prevention Trial (2003-2006)...
September 19, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918559/prostate-cancer-screening-by-prostate-specific-antigen-psa-a-relevant-approach-for-the-small-population-of-the-cayman-islands
#14
Shravana Kumar Jyoti, Camille Blacke, Pallavi Patil, Vibha P Amblihalli, Amanda Nicholson
INTRODUCTION: The common tool for diagnosing prostate cancer is prostate-specific antigen (PSA), but the high sensitivity and low specificity of PSA testing are the problems in clinical practice. There are no proper guidelines to investigate the suspected prostate cancer in the Cayman Islands. We correlated PSA levels with the incidence of prostate cancers by tissue diagnosis and proposed logical protocol for prostate screening by using PSA test in this small population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 165 Afro Caribbean individuals who had prostate biopsy done after the investigations for PSA levels from year 2005 to 2015 were studied retrospectively...
September 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975422/sedentary-time-and-postmenopausal-breast-cancer-incidence
#15
Sarah J O Nomura, Chiranjeev Dash, Vanessa B Sheppard, Deborah Bowen, Matthew Allison, Wendy Barrington, Rowan Chlebowski, Mace Coday, Lifang Hou, Barbara Howard, Michael LaMonte, JoAnn E Manson, Marian L Neuhouser, Electra Paskett, Maryam Sattari, Marcia Stefanick, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lucile L Adams-Campbell
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prospective association between sedentary time and postmenopausal breast cancer incidence, and whether associations differ by race/ethnicity, physical activity levels, and body measurements. METHODS: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study is a prospective cohort among women ages 50-79 years at baseline (1994-1998) (analytic cohort = 70,233). Baseline questionnaire data were used to estimate time spent sitting and total sedentary time...
December 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119339/the-prostate-cancer-screening-clinic-in-the-bahamas-a-model-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Robin Roberts, Corydon Mitchell, Ana Lourdes Tancawan, Mandi Pedican, Glenn Wayne Jones
PURPOSE: Grand Bahama (pop. 51,000) is an island within the Bahamas archipelago. A local chapter of International Us TOO Prostate Cancer Support Group (UTGB) has led an annual community-based prostate cancer screening clinic in Grand Bahama each September since 2009. Features of this initiative, characteristics of attendees, and a description of found cancers were summarized to determine the clinic's value and to guide improvements. METHOD: We analyzed the established clinic from 2012 to 2015, wherein UTGB attracted corporate funding, volunteers managed clinics, and health professionals provided healthcare services...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098504/examining-hpv-and-hpv-vaccine-related-cognitions-and-acceptability-among-us-born-and-immigrant-hispanics-and-us-born-and-immigrant-non-hispanic-blacks-a-preliminary-catchment-area-study
#17
Kimlin Tam Ashing, Agatha Carrington, Camille Ragin, Veronica Roach
PURPOSE: Disparities in HPV vaccination exist. Therefore, we investigated the distinction and disparities in HPV- and HPV vaccine-related cognitions and acceptability among US-born African Americans (AA) and Black immigrants, and between US-born Latinas and Latina immigrants. METHODS: Secondary data analyses were conducted with 383 female adults divided into non-Hispanic Blacks-(1) AA born in the US (n = 129) and (2) Black immigrants (n = 53), and Hispanics-(3) Latinas born in the US (n = 57) and (4) Latina immigrants (n = 144)...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086217/cancer-in-populations-of-african-ancestry-studies-of-the-african-caribbean-cancer-consortium
#18
EDITORIAL
Camille Ragin, Elizabeth Blackman, Robin Roberts, Raleigh Butler, Samuel Gathere, Darron Halliday, Kimlin Ashing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948421/prevalence-of-oral-hpv-infection-among-healthy-individuals-and-head-and-neck-cancer-cases-in-the-french-west-indies
#19
Aviane Auguste, Stanie Gaëte, Cécile Herrmann-Storck, Leah Michineau, Clarisse Joachim, Jacqueline Deloumeaux, Suzy Duflo, Danièle Luce
PURPOSE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known to play a role in the development of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and to date, no study has reported on the association between oral HPV infection and HNSCC in the Caribbean. The objective was to determine the prevalence of oral HPV infection in the French West Indies (FWI), overall and by HPV genotype, among HNSCC cases and healthy population controls. METHOD: We used data from a population-based case-control study conducted in the FWI...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932949/twenty-first-century-cancer-patterns-in-small-island-nations-grenada-and-the-english-speaking-caribbean
#20
Lindsay M Cattin, Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Robert Hage
PURPOSE: Grenada is a small island nation of 105,000 in the Caribbean with one single general hospital and pathology laboratory. This study assesses cancer incidence on the island based on existing pathology reports, and compares the cancer mortality burden between Grenada and other Caribbean nations. METHODS: Age-adjusted overall and site-specific cancer "incidence" rates (based on pathology reports) and mortality rates were calculated and compared for 2000-2009...
November 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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