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Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

Sally Peprah, Frank C Curreiro, Jennifer H Hayes, Kimberly Stern, Shalini Parekh, Gypsyamber D'Souza
PURPOSE: Invasive cervical cancer (ICC) rates have tremendously declined in the United States, yet new cases consistently occur in Maryland and throughout the United States. We hypothesized that although rates have generally declined, this decline is uneven across counties and over time. METHODS: Space-time cluster detection analysis was conducted to evaluate clusters of ICC incidence at the county level within Maryland between 2003 and 2012. RESULTS: The most likely cluster was a cluster of low incidence, which included 6 counties in eastern Maryland for the period 2009-2012...
March 12, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Tze-An Yuan, Frank Meyskens, Feng Liu-Smith
PURPOSE: Most melanoma studies have been performed in the white population who exhibits the highest incidence rate due to their skin sensitivity to UV radiation. Previous publications have shown that young women (approximately under the menopausal age) exhibit higher incidence rates than men of the same age, and the causes are mostly attributed to their sun behavior or indoor tanning. In our recent publications, we suggested that higher risk in younger women was due to pathophysiological factors, such as hormonal impact, and thus this higher risk in young women should be shared across ethnicities regardless of their skin color or UV behavior...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Nina Roswall, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, My von Euler-Chelpin, Ilse Vejborg, Elsebeth Lynge, Steen Solvang Jensen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Traffic is the most important source of community noise, and it has been proposed to be associated with a range of disease outcomes, including breast cancer. As mammographic breast density (MD) is one of the strongest risk factors for developing breast cancer, the present study investigated whether there is an association between residential exposure to traffic noise and MD in a Danish cohort. METHODS: We included women with reproductive and lifestyle information available from the Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort, who also participated in the Copenhagen Mammography Screening Programme (n = 5,260)...
March 8, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Tengteng Wang, Humberto Parada, Kathleen M McClain, Patrick T Bradshaw, Mary Beth Terry, Susan L Teitelbaum, Alfred I Neugut, Marilie D Gammon
BACKGROUND: Whether aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drug (NSAID) use is associated with mortality following breast cancer remains unclear. Consideration of use patterns and interaction with obesity may help to clarify the inconsistent results. METHODS: Pre-diagnosis NSAID use, weight, and height were assessed ~ 3 months after diagnosis through in-person interviews with a population-based cohort of 1,442 women with first primary breast cancer...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Yelena N Tarasenko, Daniel F Linder, Eric A Miller
PURPOSE: This study examined the association between adherence to American College of Sports Medicine and American Cancer Society guidelines on aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities and mortality risks among 3+ year cancer survivors in the U.S. METHODS: The observational study was based on 1999-2009 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files with follow-up through 2011. After applying exclusion criteria, there were 13,997 observations. The hazard ratios (HRs) for meeting recommendations on muscle-strengthening activities only, on aerobic activities only, and on both types of physical activity (i...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sarah M Temkin, Elise C Kohn, Lynne Penberthy, Kathleen A Cronin, Lisa Rubinsak, Lois A Dickie, Lori Minasian, Anne-Michelle Noone
PURPOSE: This analysis describes the impact of hysterectomy on incidence rates and trends in endometrioid endometrial cancer in the United States among women of reproductive age. METHODS: Hysterectomy prevalence for states containing Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was estimated using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) between 1992 and 2010. The population was adjusted for age, race, and calendar year strata...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Erin E Cook, Susan T Gershman, Jane J Kim, Rulla M Tamimi, R Monina Klevens, Michelle D Holmes
PURPOSE: To understand trends in the incidence and mortality of two human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers, cervical and oropharyngeal cancer, in Massachusetts. METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, the Massachusetts Cancer Registry recorded 3,996 incident cases of oropharyngeal cancer and 2,193 incident cases of cervical cancer. Mortality data were obtained from the Massachusetts Registry of Vital Records and Statistics from 2008 to 2014. Rates were age-standardized to the 2000 U...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Kevin D Shield, Laure Dossus, Agnès Fournier, Claire Marant Micallef, Sabina Rinaldi, Agnès Rogel, Isabelle Heard, Sophie Pilleron, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to estimate the number of new breast cancer cases in France in 2015 attributable to breastfeeding for durations below recommendations (at least 6 months per child), and cases prevented through historical breastfeeding. As a secondary analysis, the corresponding numbers for ovarian cancer were estimated. METHODS: Historical breastfeeding data were obtained from population surveys. Duration of breastfeeding data were obtained from the French Épifane cohort study...
February 20, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Rebecca Gilbert, Kate Tilling, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane, Michael Davis, Freddie C Hamdy, David E Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Chris Metcalfe
PURPOSE: To examine whether age-related reference ranges for "normal" prostate-specific antigen (PSA) change (determined in men without prostate cancer) can be used to identify men at high risk of having prostate cancer. METHODS: Subjects were men aged 50-69 years with PSA < 10 ng/mL from the UK-based Prostate Testing for cancer and Treatment (ProtecT) study. Men with prostate cancer were categorized as high or low risk of progression (Low risk: Gleason score ≤ 6 and stage T1-T2a; High risk: Gleason score 7-10 or stage T2C)...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Michael B Rothberg, Bo Hu, Laura Lipold, Sarah Schramm, Xian Wen Jin, Andrea Sikon, Glen B Taksler
IMPORTANCE: Cervical cancer screening guidelines are in evolution. Current guidelines do not differentiate recommendations based on individual patient risk. OBJECTIVE: To derive and validate a tool for predicting individualized probability of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or higher (CIN2+) at a single time point, based on demographic factors and medical history. DESIGN: The study design consisted of an observational cohort with hierarchical generalized linear regression modeling...
February 15, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Garyfallos Konstantinoudis, Christian Kreis, Roland A Ammann, Felix Niggli, Claudia E Kuehni, Ben D Spycher
PURPOSE: Childhood cancers are rare and little is known about their etiology. Potential risk factors include environmental exposures that might implicate spatial variation of cancer risk. Previous studies of spatial clustering have mainly focused on childhood leukemia. We investigated spatial clustering of different childhood cancers in Switzerland using exact geocodes of place of residence. METHODS: We included 6,034 cancer cases diagnosed at age 0-15 years during 1985-2015 from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry...
February 13, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Tomi F Akinyemiju, Gurudatta Naik, Kemi Ogunsina, Daniel T Dibaba, Neomi Vin-Raviv
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether racial disparities in hospitalization outcomes persist between African-American and White women with ovarian cancer after matching on demographic, presentation, and treatment factors. METHODS: Using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, 5,164 African-American ovarian cancer patients were sequentially matched with White patients on demographic (e.g., age, income), presentation (e.g., stage, comorbidities), and treatment (e...
February 10, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Nancy Krieger, Sheida Nabavi, Pamela D Waterman, Ninah S Achacoso, Luana Acton, Stuart J Schnitt, Laurel A Habel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the feasibility of quantifying long-term trends in breast tumor DNA copy number variation (CNV) profiles. METHODS: We evaluated CNV profiles in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimens from 30 randomly selected Kaiser Permanente Northern California health plan women members diagnosed with breast cancer from 1950 to 2010. Assays were conducted for five cases per decade who had available tumor blocks and pathology reports...
February 9, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
K H Wang, T A Thompson, D Galusha, H Friedman, C M Nazario, M Nunez, R G Maharaj, O P Adams, M Nunez-Smith
PURPOSE: The Caribbean population faces a growing burden of multiple non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for women in the Caribbean. Given the substantial burden of NCDs across the region, cancer prevention and control strategies may need to be specifically tailored for people with multiple co-morbidities. Preventive screening, such as timely mammography, is essential but may be either facilitated or hampered by chronic disease control...
February 8, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Robert W Korycinski, Bethany L Tennant, Michelle A Cawley, Bonny Bloodgood, April Y Oh, David Berrigan
PURPOSE: Geospatial, contextual, and multilevel research is integral to cancer prevention and control. NCI-designated Cancer Centers are at the forefront of cancer research; therefore, this paper sought to review the geospatial, contextual, and multilevel research at these cancer centers. METHODS: Investigators used PubMed and Web of Science to compile geospatial publications from 1971 to February 2016 with cancer center-affiliated authors. Relevant abstracts were pulled and classified by six geospatial approaches, eight geospatial scales, and eight cancer sites...
February 8, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Shoba Ramanadhan, Melinda M Davis, Rebecca Armstrong, Barbara Baquero, Linda K Ko, Jennifer C Leng, Ramzi G Salloum, Nicole A Vaughn, Ross C Brownson
It is critical to accelerate the integration of evidence-based programs, practices, and strategies for cancer prevention and control into clinical, community, and public health settings. While it is clear that effective translation of existing knowledge into practice can reduce cancer burden, it is less clear how best to achieve this. This gap is addressed by the rapidly growing field of implementation science. Given that context influences and is influenced by implementation efforts, engaging stakeholders in the co-production of knowledge and solutions offers an opportunity to increase the likelihood that implementation efforts are useful, scalable, and sustainable in real-world settings...
February 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Elizabeth D Kantor, Christina C Newton, Edward L Giovannucci, Marjorie L McCullough, Peter T Campbell, Eric J Jacobs
PURPOSE: Use of glucosamine supplements has been associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in previous studies; however, information on this association remains limited. METHODS: We examined the association between glucosamine use and CRC risk among 113,067 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Glucosamine use was first reported in 2001 and updated every 2 years thereafter. Participants were followed from 2001 through June of 2011, during which time 1440 cases of CRC occurred...
February 6, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Marta Solans, Gemma Osca-Gelis, Raquel Comas, Josep Maria Roncero, David Gallardo, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Marc Saez
Determining chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) incidence is challenging for two reasons: cancer registries tend to underreport CLL cases and its diagnostic criteria changed markedly in 2008. No studies have reported incidence rates dealing with both difficulties, and thus CLL/SLL burden in Europe is currently uncertain. Herein, we present accurate CLL/SLL incidence in a Spanish region during 1998-2013, using the population-based Girona Cancer Registry (GCR). We detected an 18...
January 30, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Bin Huang, Elizabeth Pollock, Li Zhu, Jessica P Athens, Ron Gangnon, Eric J Feuer, Thomas C Tucker
PURPOSE: To develop a composite Cancer Burden Index and produce 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as measures of uncertainties for the index. METHODS: The Kentucky Cancer Registry has developed a cancer burden Rank Sum Index (RSI) to guide statewide comprehensive cancer control activities. However, lack of interval estimates for RSI limits its applications. RSI also weights individual measures with little inherent variability equally as ones with large variability...
January 25, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Delphine Praud, Maria Parpinel, Valentina Guercio, Cristina Bosetti, Diego Serraino, Gaetano Facchini, Maurizio Montella, Carlo La Vecchia, Marta Rossi
Proanthocyanidins are polymers of monomeric unit flavan-3-ols with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging activities. We investigated the association between proanthocyanidin intake and prostate cancer risk through data that were collected between 1991 and 2002 in an Italian case-control study, including a total of 1,294 incident, histologically confirmed cases of prostate cancer and 1,451 controls admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic, and non-hormone-related diseases. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using multiple logistic regression models, and computed energy-adjusted proanthocyanidin intakes using the residual method...
January 19, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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