Read by QxMD icon Read

Cancer Causes & Control: CCC

Marios K Georgakis, Maria A Karalexi, Domenic Agius, Luis Antunes, Joana Bastos, Daniela Coza, Anna Demetriou, Nadya Dimitrova, Sultan Eser, Margareta Florea, Anton Ryzhov, Mario Sekerija, Tina Žagar, Anna Zborovskaya, Snezana Zivkovic, Evdoxia Bouka, Prodromos Kanavidis, Helen Dana, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Maria Kourti, Maria Moschovi, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Eftichia Stiakaki, Μaria Kantzanou, Apostolos Pourtsidis, Eleni Th Petridou
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiologic patterns of childhood (0-14 years) lymphomas in the Southern and Eastern European (SEE) region in comparison with the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER), USA, and explore tentative discrepancies. METHODS: Childhood lymphomas were retrieved from 14 SEE registries (n = 4,702) and SEER (n = 4,416), diagnosed during 1990-2014; incidence rates were estimated and time trends were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall age-adjusted incidence rate was higher in SEE (16...
October 18, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fayth L Miles, Shen-Chih Chang, Hal Morgenstern, Donald Tashkin, Jian-Yu Rao, Wendy Cozen, Thomas Mack, Qing-Yi Lu, Zuo-Feng Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Lydia S Murdiyarso, Melissa Kartawinata, Iffat Jenie, Grace Widjajahakim, Heriawaty Hidajat, Ruth Sembiring, I Made Nasar, Santoso Cornain, Farid Sastranagara, Ahmad Rusdan Handoyo Utomo
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate prevalence, age-adjusted distribution, and impact of single and multiple high- and low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes and their associations with cervical lesions. METHODS: Data were extracted from 11,224 women who underwent routine screening of HPV genotyping and liquid-based cytology co-testing. Fifteen high-risk (HR) and six low-risk (LR) HPV types were genotyped. RESULTS: Overall HPV prevalence was 10...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Theresa A Hastert, Emily White
PURPOSE: In 2007, the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) published eight recommendations regarding body weight, physical activity, and dietary behaviors aimed at reducing cancer incidence worldwide. In this paper, we assess whether meeting the WCRF/AICR recommendations is associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence; evaluate whether particular recommendations are most strongly associated with lower CRC incidence; and assess whether associations differ by sex...
October 17, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Barbra A Dickerman, Sarah C Markt, Markku Koskenvuo, Christer Hublin, Eero Pukkala, Lorelei A Mucci, Jaakko Kaprio
PURPOSE: Sleep disruption and shift work have been associated with cancer risk, but epidemiologic evidence for prostate cancer remains limited. We aimed to prospectively investigate the association between midlife sleep- and circadian-related parameters and later prostate cancer risk and mortality in a population-based cohort of Finnish twins. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Older Finnish Twin Cohort and included 11,370 twins followed from 1981 to 2012. Over the study period, 602 incident cases of prostate cancer and 110 deaths from prostate cancer occurred...
October 12, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Hannah Arem, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Steven C Moore, Louise A Brinton, Charles E Matthews
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer (EC) survivors are the second largest group of female cancer survivors in the USA, with high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. While higher pre-diagnosis body mass index (BMI) has been associated with higher all-cause and disease-specific mortality, pre-diagnosis physical activity has shown mixed evidence of an association with mortality. However, the association between BMI, physical activity, and TV viewing measured after diagnosis and mortality risk among EC survivors is unknown...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Suzanne N Landi, Kemi M Doll, Jeannette T Bensen, Laura Hendrix, Carey K Anders, Jennifer M Wu, Hazel B Nichols
PURPOSE: Endocrine therapy for breast cancer can exacerbate menopausal symptoms. The association between endocrine therapy and common pelvic floor disorders including urinary incontinence has rarely been evaluated. We examined urogenital and sexual side effects among women with a breast cancer diagnosis, comparing endocrine therapy users to nonusers. METHODS: Urogenital and sexual symptoms were self-reported during the enrollment interview within the University of North Carolina Cancer Survivorship Cohort...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Bishal Gyawali, Tomoya Shimokata, Kazunori Honda, Hiroaki Tsukuura, Yuichi Ando
With the increase in incidence and mortality of breast cancer in low-income countries (LICs), the question of whether LICs should promote breast cancer screening for early detection has gained tremendous importance. Because LICs have limited financial resources, the value of screening must be carefully considered before integrating screening programs into national healthcare system. Mammography-the most commonly used screening tool in developed countries-reduces breast cancer-specific mortality among women of age group 50-69, but the evidence is not so clear for younger women...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Vicki Hart, Susan R Sturgeon, Nicholas Reich, Lynnette Leidy Sievert, Sybil L Crawford, Ellen B Gold, Nancy E Avis, Katherine W Reeves
PURPOSE: Two case-control studies reported a 50 % decreased breast cancer risk among women who experienced menopausal vasomotor symptoms (VMS), but one cohort study found no association. VMS may be triggered by declining estrogen levels during menopause, whereas elevated estrogen levels have been associated with increased breast cancer risk. VMS may thus be indicative of lower susceptibility to breast cancer. METHODS: We evaluated this relationship in the longitudinal Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), using discrete survival analysis of approximately annual data on VMS and self-reported breast cancer occurrences for up to 13 years of follow-up in 3,098 women who were pre- or early perimenopausal at enrollment...
September 28, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Lisa E Vaughan, Anna Prizment, Cindy K Blair, William Thomas, Kristin E Anderson
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated the chemopreventive effect of aspirin on the cancer risk in elderly women. We examined associations between frequency, dose, and duration of aspirin use with incidence of 719 aspirin-sensitive cancers (cancers of colon, pancreas, breast, and ovaries) in the Iowa Women's Health Study (IWHS), a prospective cohort of women over 70 years old. METHODS: Aspirin frequency, dose, and duration were self-reported in the 2004 IWHS questionnaire...
September 27, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Marjorie L McCullough, Susan M Gapstur, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Colleen Doyle, Mia M Gaudet
PURPOSE: Due to the limited evidence on the role of diet and cause-specific mortality among breast cancer survivors, current nutrition guidelines for this population are consistent with those for cancer prevention. We evaluated whether diets consistent with the American Cancer Society recommendations for cancer prevention were associated with risk of death in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Participants reported information on diet and other factors at baseline in 1992-1993 and twice during follow-up...
September 19, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Jessica Chubak, Rebecca Ziebell, Robert T Greenlee, Stacey Honda, Mark C Hornbrook, Mara Epstein, Larissa Nekhlyudov, Pamala A Pawloski, Debra P Ritzwoller, Nirupa R Ghai, Heather Spencer Feigelson, Heather A Clancy, V Paul Doria-Rose, Lawrence H Kushi
PURPOSE: The ability to collect data on patients for long periods prior to, during, and after a cancer diagnosis is critical for studies of cancer etiology, prevention, treatment, outcomes, and costs. We describe such data capacities within the Cancer Research Network (CRN), a cooperative agreement between the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and organized health care systems across the United States. METHODS: Data were extracted from each CRN site's virtual data warehouse using a centrally written and locally executed program...
September 17, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fayth L Miles, Shen-Chih Chang, Hal Morgenstern, Donald Tashkin, Jian-Yu Rao, Wendy Cozen, Thomas Mack, Qing-Yi Lu, Zuo-Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: The role of consumption of added sugars in cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) is unclear. We examined associations between sugary beverages and susceptibility to UADT cancer as well as all-cause survival among UADT cancer patients. METHODS: The association between dietary added sugar and susceptibility to UADT cancers or overall survival among 601 UADT cancer cases was evaluated using data from a population-based case-control study conducted in Los Angeles County...
August 18, 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Sarah J O Nomura, Chiranjeev Dash, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie Palmer, Lucile L Adams-Campbell
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether time spent sitting at work or watching television was associated with breast cancer risk among African American women. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study (analytic cohort = 46,734) is an ongoing prospective cohort study of African American women ages 21-69 at baseline (1995). Questionnaire data were used to estimate sedentary time. Total time spent sitting at work and watching television (individually and combined) at baseline and updated through follow-up (1995-2001) and breast cancer incidence (n = 2,041 incident cases, 1995-2013) was evaluated using proportional hazards regression...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Zuelma A Contreras, Beate Ritz, Jasveer Virk, Myles Cockburn, Julia E Heck
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the influence of pre-pregnancy diabetes, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational diabetes, and gestational weight gain on childhood cancer risk in offspring. METHODS: We identified cancer cases (n = 11,149) younger than age 6 years at diagnosis from the California Cancer Registry registered between 1988 and 2013. Controls (n = 270,147) were randomly sampled from California birth records, and frequency matched by year of birth to all childhood cancers during the study period...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Anna B Beckmeyer-Borowko, Caryn E Peterson, Katherine C Brewer, Mary A Otoo, Faith G Davis, Kent F Hoskins, Charlotte E Joslin
PURPOSE: Previous studies assessing racial and ethnic differences in ovarian cancer (OVCA) diagnosis stage fail to present subtype-specific results and provide historic data on cases diagnosed between 10 and 20 years ago. The purpose of this analysis is to assess non-Hispanic Black (NHB) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) differences in late-stage diagnosis including; (1) factors associated with late-stage diagnosis of invasive epithelial OVCA overall and by histologic subtypes, (2) potential changes across time and (3) current patterns of trends in a national cancer registry in the USA and Puerto Rico between 1998 and 2011...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Hung N Luu, Jirong Long, Wanqing Wen, Ying Zheng, Qiuyin Cai, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
PURPOSE: While leukocyte telomere length (TL) has been associated with breast cancer risk, limited information is available regarding the role of genetically-determined TL on breast cancer risk. We investigated whether aggregated TL-associated variants are associated with the risk of breast cancer in 2,865 breast cancer cases and 2,285 controls from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Genetics Study. METHODS: Six genetic variants, identified through a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TL in European-ancestry participants, were included in the study...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Partha Basu, Dipanwita Banerjee, Srabani Mittal, Ranajit Mandal, Ishita Ghosh, Pradip Das, Richard Muwonge, Jaydip Biswas
PURPOSE: Many limited-resourced countries have either introduced cervical cancer screening programs or are contemplating to do so using visual inspection after acetic acid application (VIA) or human papillomavirus (HPV) detection tests. Both tests have high false-positivity and a suitable triaging strategy is required. Colposcopy triaging is not practicable in most resource-limited settings due to several reasons. We evaluated a portable, battery-operated, magnifying device (GynocularTM) to triage screen positive women in community setting in India...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
H Nicole Tran, Yan Li, Natalia Udaltsova, Mary Anne Armstrong, Gary D Friedman, Arthur L Klatsky
PURPOSE: To supplement published cohort data about incident cancer in Asian Americans (Asians) including risk of specific Asian ethnic groups. METHODS: A cohort study in 124,193 persons (13,344 Asians) with baseline examination data in 1978-1985 used Cox proportional hazards models with seven covariates to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Through 2012 cancer was diagnosed in 18,687 persons including 1,522 Asians...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Leslie V Farland, Rulla M Tamimi, A Heather Eliassen, Donna Spiegelman, Kimberly A Bertrand, Stacey A Missmer
PURPOSE: Endometriosis and mammographic density have been hypothesized to be influenced by sex steroid hormonal exposures in adolescence and early adulthood. We investigated the association between endometriosis and mammographic density, a consistent and independent risk factor for breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis among 1,581 pre- and postmenopausal women not previously diagnosed with breast cancer in the Nurses' Health Study II cohort...
October 2016: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"