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Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777325/developing-an-interactive-data-visualization-tool-to-assess-the-impact-of-decision-support-on-clinical-operations
#1
Timothy C Huber, Arun Krishnaraj, Dayna Monaghan, Cree M Gaskin
Due to mandates from recent legislation, clinical decision support (CDS) software is being adopted by radiology practices across the country. This software provides imaging study decision support for referring providers at the point of order entry. CDS systems produce a large volume of data, providing opportunities for research and quality improvement. In order to better visualize and analyze trends in this data, an interactive data visualization dashboard was created using a commercially available data visualization platform...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777324/a-dependable-massive-storage-service-for-medical-imaging
#2
Marco Antonio Núñez-Gaona, Ricardo Marcelín-Jiménez, Josefina Gutiérrez-Martínez, Heriberto Aguirre-Meneses, José Luis Gonzalez-Compean
We present the construction of Babel, a distributed storage system that meets stringent requirements on dependability, availability, and scalability. Together with Babel, we developed an application that uses our system to store medical images. Accordingly, we show the feasibility of our proposal to provide an alternative solution for massive scientific storage and describe the software architecture style that manages the DICOM images life cycle, utilizing Babel like a virtual local storage component for a picture archiving and communication system (PACS-Babel Interface)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777323/andriod-device-based-cervical-cancer-screening-for-resource-poor-settings
#3
Vidya Kudva, Keerthana Prasad, Shyamala Guruvare
Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) is an effective, affordable and simple test for cervical cancer screening in resource-poor settings. But considerable expertise is needed to differentiate cancerous lesions from normal lesions, which is lacking in developing countries. Many studies have attempted automation of cervical cancer detection from cervix images acquired during the VIA process. These studies used images acquired through colposcopy or cervicography. However, colposcopy is expensive and hence is not feasible as a screening tool in resource-poor settings...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748852/dicomweb%C3%A2-background-and-application-of-the-web-standard-for-medical-imaging
#4
Brad W Genereaux, Donald K Dennison, Kinson Ho, Robert Horn, Elliot Lewis Silver, Kevin O'Donnell, Charles E Kahn
This paper describes why and how DICOM, the standard that has been the basis for medical imaging interoperability around the world for several decades, has been extended into a full web technology-based standard, DICOMweb. At the turn of the century, healthcare embraced information technology, which created new problems and new opportunities for the medical imaging industry; at the same time, web technologies matured and began serving other domains well. This paper describes DICOMweb, how it extended the DICOM standard, and how DICOMweb can be applied to problems facing healthcare applications to address workflow and the changing healthcare climate...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748851/a-platform-for-innovation-and-standards-evaluation-a-case-study-from-the-openmrs-open-source-radiology-information-system
#5
Judy W Gichoya, Marc Kohli, Larry Ivange, Teri S Schmidt, Saptarshi Purkayastha
Open-source development can provide a platform for innovation by seeking feedback from community members as well as providing tools and infrastructure to test new standards. Vendors of proprietary systems may delay adoption of new standards until there are sufficient incentives such as legal mandates or financial incentives to encourage/mandate adoption. Moreover, open-source systems in healthcare have been widely adopted in low- and middle-income countries and can be used to bridge gaps that exist in global health radiology...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744689/effectiveness-of-an-e-learning-platform-for-image-interpretation-education-of-medical-staff-and-students
#6
Akio Ogura, Norio Hayashi, Tohru Negishi, Haruyuki Watanabe
Medical staff must be able to perform accurate initial interpretations of radiography to prevent diagnostic errors. Education in medical image interpretation is an ongoing need that is addressed by text-based and e-learning platforms. The effectiveness of these methods has been previously reported. Here, we describe the effectiveness of an e-learning platform used for medical image interpretation education. Ten third-year medical students without previous experience in chest radiography interpretation were provided with e-learning instructions...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740715/container-based-clinical-solutions-for-portable-and-reproducible-image-analysis
#7
Jordan Matelsky, Gregory Kiar, Erik Johnson, Corban Rivera, Michael Toma, William Gray-Roncal
Medical imaging analysis depends on the reproducibility of complex computation. Linux containers enable the abstraction, installation, and configuration of environments so that software can be both distributed in self-contained images and used repeatably by tool consumers. While several initiatives in neuroimaging have adopted approaches for creating and sharing more reliable scientific methods and findings, Linux containers are not yet mainstream in clinical settings. We explore related technologies and their efficacy in this setting, highlight important shortcomings, demonstrate a simple use-case, and endorse the use of Linux containers for medical image analysis...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736781/combination-of-rs-fmri-and-smri-data-to-discriminate-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-young-children-using-deep-belief-network
#8
Maryam Akhavan Aghdam, Arash Sharifi, Mir Mohsen Pedram
In recent years, the use of advanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) has recorded a great increase in neuropsychiatric disorders. Deep learning is a branch of machine learning that is increasingly being used for applications of medical image analysis such as computer-aided diagnosis. In a bid to classify and represent learning tasks, this study utilized one of the most powerful deep learning algorithms (deep belief network (DBN)) for the combination of data from Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange I and II (ABIDE I and ABIDE II) datasets...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725966/iot-in-radiology-using-raspberry-pi-to-automatically-log-telephone-calls-in-the-reading-room
#9
REVIEW
Po-Hao Chen, Nathan Cross
The work environment for medical imaging such as distractions, ergonomics, distance, temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions generates a paucity of data and is difficult to analyze. The emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) with decreasing cost of single-board computers like Raspberry Pi makes creating customized hardware to collect data from the clinical environment within the reach of a clinical imaging informaticist. This article will walk the reader through a series of basic project using a variety sensors and devices in conjunction with a Pi to gather data, culminating in a complex example designed to automatically detect and log telephone calls...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725965/assessment-of-stability-and-discrimination-capacity-of-radiomic-features-on-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-images
#10
Marco Bologna, Valentina D A Corino, Eros Montin, Antonella Messina, Giuseppina Calareso, Francesca G Greco, Silvana Sdao, Luca T Mainardi
The objectives of the study are to develop a new way to assess stability and discrimination capacity of radiomic features without the need of test-retest or multiple delineations and to use information obtained to perform a preliminary feature selection. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were computed from diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images (DW-MRI) of two groups of patients: 18 with soft tissue sarcomas (STS) and 18 with oropharyngeal cancers (OPC). Sixty-nine radiomic features were computed, using three different histogram discretizations (16, 32, and 64 bins)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725964/the-orthanc-ecosystem-for-medical-imaging
#11
Sébastien Jodogne
This paper reviews the components of Orthanc, a free and open-source, highly versatile ecosystem for medical imaging. At the core of the Orthanc ecosystem, the Orthanc server is a lightweight vendor neutral archive that provides PACS managers with a powerful environment to automate and optimize the imaging flows that are very specific to each hospital. The Orthanc server can be extended with plugins that provide solutions for teleradiology, digital pathology, or enterprise-ready databases. It is shown how software developers and research engineers can easily develop external software or Web portals dealing with medical images, with minimal knowledge of the DICOM standard, thanks to the advanced programming interface of the Orthanc server...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725963/patient-centered-radiology-with-fhir-an-introduction-to-the-use-of-fhir-to-offer-radiology-a-clinically-integrated-platform
#12
Peter I Kamel, Paul G Nagy
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) is an open interoperability standard that allows external software to quickly search for and access clinical information from the electronic medical record (EMR) in a method that is developer-friendly, using current internet technology standards. In this article, we highlight the new FHIR standard and illustrate how FHIR can be used to offer the field of radiology a more clinically integrated and patient-centered system, opening the EMR to external radiology software in ways unfeasible with traditional standards...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725962/standard-lexicons-coding-systems-and-ontologies-for-interoperability-and-semantic-computation-in-imaging
#13
REVIEW
Kenneth C Wang
Standard clinical terms, codes, and ontologies promote clarity and interoperability. Within radiology, there is a variety of relevant content resources, tools and technologies. These provide the basis for fundamental imaging workflows such as reporting and billing, and also facilitate a range of applications in quality improvement and research. This article reviews the key characteristics of lexicons, coding systems, and ontologies. A number of standards are described, including International Classification of Diseases-10-Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), Current Procedural Terminology (CPT), Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT), Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC), and RadLex...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725961/hello-world-deep-learning-in-medical-imaging
#14
Paras Lakhani, Daniel L Gray, Carl R Pett, Paul Nagy, George Shih
There is recent popularity in applying machine learning to medical imaging, notably deep learning, which has achieved state-of-the-art performance in image analysis and processing. The rapid adoption of deep learning may be attributed to the availability of machine learning frameworks and libraries to simplify their use. In this tutorial, we provide a high-level overview of how to build a deep neural network for medical image classification, and provide code that can help those new to the field begin their informatics projects...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725960/towards-portable-large-scale-image-processing-with-high-performance-computing
#15
REVIEW
Yuankai Huo, Justin Blaber, Stephen M Damon, Brian D Boyd, Shunxing Bao, Prasanna Parvathaneni, Camilo Bermudez Noguera, Shikha Chaganti, Vishwesh Nath, Jasmine M Greer, Ilwoo Lyu, William R French, Allen T Newton, Baxter P Rogers, Bennett A Landman
High-throughput, large-scale medical image computing demands tight integration of high-performance computing (HPC) infrastructure for data storage, job distribution, and image processing. The Vanderbilt University Institute for Imaging Science (VUIIS) Center for Computational Imaging (CCI) has constructed a large-scale image storage and processing infrastructure that is composed of (1) a large-scale image database using the eXtensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT), (2) a content-aware job scheduling platform using the Distributed Automation for XNAT pipeline automation tool (DAX), and (3) a wide variety of encapsulated image processing pipelines called "spiders...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725959/learning-hl7-fhir-using-the-hapi-fhir-server-and-its-use-in-medical-imaging-with-the-siim-dataset
#16
Mohannad A Hussain, Steve G Langer, Marc Kohli
Health Level 7's (HL7's) new standard, FHIR (Fast Health Interoperability Resources), is setting healthcare information technology and medical imaging specifically ablaze with excitement. This paper aims to describe the protocol's advantages in some detail and explore an easy path for those unfamiliar with FHIR to begin learning the standard using free, open-source tools, namely the HL7 application programming interface (HAPI) FHIR server and the SIIM Hackathon Dataset.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713836/retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-performance-of-an-estonian-speech-recognition-system-for-radiology-effects-of-different-acoustic-and-language-models
#17
A Paats, T Alumäe, E Meister, I Fridolin
The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively the influence of different acoustic and language models in order to determine the most important effects to the clinical performance of an Estonian language-based non-commercial radiology-oriented automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. An ASR system was developed for Estonian language in radiology domain by utilizing open-source software components (Kaldi toolkit, Thrax). The ASR system was trained with the real radiology text reports and dictations collected during development phases...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704086/automated-quality-assessment-of-colour-fundus-images-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-telemedicine
#18
Sajib Kumar Saha, Basura Fernando, Jorge Cuadros, Di Xiao, Yogesan Kanagasingam
Fundus images obtained in a telemedicine program are acquired at different sites that are captured by people who have varying levels of experience. These result in a relatively high percentage of images which are later marked as unreadable by graders. Unreadable images require a recapture which is time and cost intensive. An automated method that determines the image quality during acquisition is an effective alternative. To determine the image quality during acquisition, we describe here an automated method for the assessment of image quality in the context of diabetic retinopathy...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700648/an-unsupervised-approach-for-extraction-of-blood-vessels-from-fundus-images
#19
Jyotiprava Dash, Nilamani Bhoi
Pathological disorders may happen due to small changes in retinal blood vessels which may later turn into blindness. Hence, the accurate segmentation of blood vessels is becoming a challenging task for pathological analysis. This paper offers an unsupervised recursive method for extraction of blood vessels from ophthalmoscope images. First, a vessel-enhanced image is generated with the help of gamma correction and contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE). Next, the vessels are extracted iteratively by applying an adaptive thresholding technique...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696473/impact-of-pacs-emr-integration-on-radiologist-usage-of-the-emr
#20
John Mongan, David Avrin
The purpose of this study was to objectively quantify the impact of implementing picture archiving and communication system-electronic medical record (PACS-EMR) integration on the time required to access data in the EMR and the frequency with which data are accessed by radiologists. Time to access a clinic note in the EMR was measured before and after integration with a stopwatch and compared by t test. An IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant retrospective review of EMR access data from security audit logs was conducted for a 14-month period spanning the integration...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
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