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Osteoporosis International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083669/use-of-antipsychotics-increases-the-risk-of-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
S-H Lee, W-T Hsu, C-C Lai, E-F Amin, Y-W Tsai, C-C Chiu, J Wang, S-S Chang, C C Lee
: Our systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies indicated that the use of antipsychotics was associated with a nearly 1.5-fold increase in the risk of fracture. First-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) appeared to carry a higher risk of fracture than second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). INTRODUCTION: The risk of fractures associated with the use of antipsychotic medications has inconsistent evidence between different drug classes. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate whether there is an association between the use of antipsychotic drugs and fractures...
January 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083668/long-term-effect-of-aromatase-inhibitors-on-bone-microarchitecture-and-macroarchitecture-in-non-osteoporotic-postmenopausal-women-with-breast-cancer
#2
A R Hong, J H Kim, K H Lee, T Y Kim, S A Im, T Y Kim, H G Moon, W S Han, D Y Noh, S W Kim, C S Shin
: In non-osteoporotic postmenopausal women with breast cancer, aromatase inhibitors (AIs) negatively affected bone mineral density (BMD), lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) as a bone microarchitecture index, and hip geometry as a bone macroarchitecture index. INTRODUCTION: AIs increase the risk of fracture in patients with breast cancer. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the long-term skeletal effects of AIs in postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer...
January 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083667/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-mortality-after-hip-fracture-in-a-nationwide-study
#3
W Brozek, B Reichardt, J Zwerina, H P Dimai, K Klaushofer, E Zwettler
: We analyzed the association of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) with mortality after osteoporosis-related hip fracture in Austria. PPIs were associated with reduced 90-day mortality but elevated mortality after half a year when initiated pre-fracture. Inpatients and discharged patients on PPIs showed lowered in-hospital and 90-day mortality, respectively. INTRODUCTION: We herein investigated use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and mortality among hip fracture patients in a nationwide study in Austria...
January 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083666/the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-status-and-muscle-strength-in-young-healthy-adults-from-sunny-climate-countries-currently-living-in-the-northeast-of-scotland
#4
N A Jamil, S R Gray, W D Fraser, S Fielding, H M Macdonald
: The current study examined the relationship between vitamin D status and muscle strength in young healthy adults: residents (>6 months) and newcomers (0-3 months), originally from sunny climate countries but currently living in the northeast of Scotland. Our longitudinal data found a positive, albeit small, relationship between vitamin D status and knee extensor isometric strength. INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D has been suggested to play a role in muscle health and function, but studies so far have been primarily in older populations for falls prevention and subsequent risk of fractures...
January 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083665/the-prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-the-rate-of-bone-loss-in-korean-adults-the-chungju-metabolic-disease-cohort-cmc-study
#5
Y Lim, K Jo, H-S Ha, H-W Yim, K-H Yoon, W-C Lee, H-Y Son, K H Baek, M-I Kang
: Because the rate of bone loss is an important risk factor for fracture, we studied longitudinal changes in bone mineral density (BMD). Although the BMD of the hip decreased over time, spine BMD remained largely stable or increased. Therefore, spine BMD may not be appropriate for assessing BMD change. INTRODUCTION: The rate of age-dependent bone loss has been shown to be an important risk factor for fracture. However, longitudinal rates of BMD loss in Korea have not yet been reported...
January 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074252/high-dietary-sodium-intake-is-associated-with-low-bone-mass-in-postmenopausal-women-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#6
S-J Kwon, Y-C Ha, Y Park
: The present cross-sectional study performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 9526 women older than 18 years of age demonstrates that high sodium intake is associated with lower bone mineral density and sodium intake ≥2000 mg/day is a risk factor for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported that large amount of dietary sodium intake is highly associated with elevated urinary calcium...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074251/hyponatremia-and-fractures-should-hyponatremia-be-further-studied-as-a-potential-biochemical-risk-factor-to-be-included-in-frax-algorithms
#7
REVIEW
J C Ayus, T Bellido, A L Negri
The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®) was developed by the WHO Collaborating Centre for metabolic bone diseases to evaluate fracture risk of patients. It is based on patient models that integrate the risk associated with clinical variables and bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck. The clinical risk factors included in FRAX were chosen to include only well-established and independent variables related to skeletal fracture risk. The FRAX tool has acquired worldwide acceptance despite having several limitations...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074250/cortical-porosity-exhibits-accelerated-rate-of-change-in-peri-compared-with-post-menopausal-women
#8
L A Burt, J L Bhatla, D A Hanley, S K Boyd
: The rate of change in bone density was not different between peri- and post-menopausal women. Differences in rate of change were observed in bone microarchitecture, specifically cortical porosity (Ct.Po), where peri-menopausal women increased +9% per year compared with the +6% per year for post-menopausal women. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare changes in bone density and microarchitecture in peri- and post-menopausal women over 6 years...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074249/protein-intake-and-risk-of-hip-fractures-in-postmenopausal-women-and-men-age-50-and-older
#9
T T Fung, H E Meyer, W C Willett, D Feskanich
: In this study, we followed postmenopausal women and men aged 50 and above for up to 32 years and found no evidence that higher protein intake increased the risk of hip fracture. Protein intake from specific sources was inversely associated with risk, but these associations appeared to differ by gender. INTRODUCTION: We examined the association between intakes of total and specific sources of protein and hip fracture risk in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years of age...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074248/pregnancy-associated-osteoporosis-a-case-control-study
#10
P Hadji, J Boekhoff, M Hahn, L Hellmeyer, O Hars, I Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) are still unknown, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results indicate that PAO is a heterogeneous, rare but severe disease including a substantial number of fractures with a significant delay from first symptom to diagnose. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) is a rare but severe type of premenopausal osteoporosis. Most common symptom includes acute lower back pain due to vertebral fracture predominantly occurring in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
January 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058444/frequency-of-discontinuation-of-injectable-osteoporosis-therapies-in-us-patients-over-2%C3%A2-years
#11
A Modi, S Sajjan, R Insinga, J Weaver, E M Lewiecki, S T Harris
: Little is known about treatment patterns with injectable osteoporosis therapies. At 12 months, the probability of discontinuation was 69.1% among patients using ibandronate, followed by teriparatide (67.1%), zoledronic acid (59.2%), and denosumab (48.8%). By 24 months, discontinuation was higher for each treatment. The majority of US patients discontinue injectable osteoporosis treatment by the end of the first year following initiation. INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to assess the frequency of treatment discontinuation over time among patients who initiate injectable osteoporosis therapies...
January 5, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035445/effect-of-progressive-high-impact-exercise-on-femoral-neck-structural-strength-in-postmenopausal-women-with-mild-knee-osteoarthritis-a-12-month-rct
#12
J Multanen, T Rantalainen, H Kautiainen, R Ahola, T Jämsä, M T Nieminen, E Lammentausta, A Häkkinen, I Kiviranta, A Heinonen
: It is uncertain whether subjects with mild knee osteoarthritis, and who may be at risk of osteoporosis, can exercise safely with the aim of improving hip bone strength. This RCT showed that participating in a high-impact exercise program improved femoral neck strength without any detrimental effects on knee cartilage composition. INTRODUCTION: No previous studies have examined whether high-impact exercise can improve bone strength and articular cartilage quality in subjects with mild knee osteoarthritis...
December 29, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032184/unique-effects-of-energy-versus-estrogen-deficiency-on-multiple-components-of-bone-strength-in-exercising-women
#13
E A Southmayd, R J Mallinson, N I Williams, D J Mallinson, M J De Souza
: Many female athletes are energy and/or estrogen deficient, but the independent effects on bone health have not been isolated. Energy deficiency was detrimental at the tibia while estrogen deficiency was detrimental at the radius. Nutrition must be considered alongside menstrual recovery when addressing compromised bone health in female athletes. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone geometry, and estimated bone strength in exercising women (n = 60) grouped according to energy status (energy replete (EnR: n = 30) vs...
December 28, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028555/hip-and-other-fragility-fracture-incidence-in-real-world-teriparatide-treated-patients-in-the-united-states
#14
R T Burge, D P Disch, S Gelwicks, X Zhang, J H Krege
: This study demonstrates real-world effectiveness of teriparatide in reducing the risk of hip and other fragility fractures. Fracture incidence significantly decreased as adherence and persistence increased for any clinical, vertebral, nonvertebral, and hip fractures among patients who were observed for 2 years after teriparatide initiation. INTRODUCTION: Examine the relationship of treatment adherence and persistence to teriparatide with hip and other fractures...
December 27, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028554/imminent-risk-of-fracture-after-fracture
#15
H Johansson, K Siggeirsdóttir, N C Harvey, A Odén, V Gudnason, E McCloskey, G Sigurdsson, J A Kanis
: The risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) after a first MOF is increased over the whole duration of follow-up, but the imminent risk is even higher. If the acute increment in risk in the few years following MOF is amenable to therapeutic intervention, then immediate short-term treatments may provide worthwhile clinical dividends in a very cost-effective manner. INTRODUCTION: A history of fracture is a strong risk factor for future fractures. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the predictive value of a past MOF for future MOF changed with time...
December 27, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013364/rest-activity-patterns-and-falls-and-fractures-in-older-men
#16
Tara S Rogers, Terri L Blackwell, Nancy E Lane, Greg Tranah, Eric S Orwoll, Jane A Cauley, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Katie L Stone, Steven R Cummings, Peggy M Cawthon
: Dysregulated rest-activity rhythm (RAR) patterns have been associated with several health conditions in older adults. This study showed that later acrophase was associated with a modestly greater risk of falls but not fractures in elderly men. Associations between dysregulated RAR patterns and osteoporosis risk warrant further investigation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between rest-activity rhythm (RAR) patterns and risk of falls/fractures in older men...
December 24, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012019/birmingham-epidermolysis-severity-score-and-vitamin-d-status-are-associated-with-low-bmd-in-children-with-epidermolysis-bullosa
#17
G Rodari, S Guez, F Manzoni, K K Chalouhi, E Profka, S Bergamaschi, S Salera, G Tadini, F M Ulivieri, A Spada, C Giavoli, S Esposito
: Bone status impairment represents a complication of generalized forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB); however, the prevalence and the main determinants of this event in localized forms remain poorly defined. Birmingham epidermolysis bullosa severity (BEBS) score and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are strongly associated with low bone mass, suggesting that vitamin D may play a potential beneficial role in bone health. Further longitudinal studies are needed in order to confirm this hypothesis...
December 23, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012018/bilateral-insufficiency-hip-fractures-after-bariatric-surgery
#18
V Barro, J H Nuñez, A Gargallo-Margarit, A Sallent, M Aguilar, A Hernandez
Bariatric surgery is one of the most common surgeries within developed countries due to the increase in morbid obesity that has been observed in the past decades. The short-term alterations in the metabolism of calcium and vitamin D are well known after these procedures; however, the clinical and biochemical consequences may not be detected for years or even remain undiagnosed. We present the first case of bilateral insufficiency hip fracture after years of bariatric surgery. Although this is a long-term and rare complication, with the high number of gastric bypass performed in the past years, the number of these cases could increase with time...
December 23, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988794/teriparatide-treatment-in-a-heart-transplant-patient-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-and-a-low-turnover-bone-disease-a-case-report
#19
A Fahrleitner-Pammer, D Wagner, P Krisper, K Amrein, H Dimai
Low-turnover bone disease is a complication of chronic kidney disease and a long-term steroid therapy. Currently, the only bone anabolic treatment available is teriparatide (TPTD). So far, no data exist in heart transplant patients, and only one single case with histomorphometric analysis of a dialysis patient with a low-turnover bone disease has been published. The current report shows the effect of a 1-year TPTD therapy in a cardiac transplant patient with 10 vertebral and 3 peripheral fractures who had developed a chronic kidney failure while receiving triple immunosuppressive therapy...
December 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986984/bone-marrow-sfrp5-level-is-negatively-associated-with-bone-formation-markers
#20
H Chen, Y He, D Wu, G Dai, C Zhao, W Huang, D Jiang
: Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (sFRP5) level in bone marrow environment is inversely correlated with bone formation markers, suggesting that it decreases bone mass by inhibiting bone formation. Besides, it functions in a local fashion when regulating bone metabolism. sFRP5 may be a target when developing anti-osteoporotic agents. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between bone marrow sFRP5 level and bone turnover state...
December 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
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