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Osteoporosis International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413856/hormone-therapy-and-osteoporosis-in-breast-cancer-survivors-assessment-of-risk-and-adherence-to-screening-recommendations
#1
R Hamood, H Hamood, I Merhasin, L Keinan-Boker
The long-term impact of hormone therapy for breast cancer on risk of osteoporosis and the extent to which bone screening recommendations are implemented in daily practice remain unknown. We found that the aromatase inhibitor-induced risk of osteoporosis did not continue in the off-treatment follow-up. Adherence to screening recommendations was suboptimal. INTRODUCTION: A case-cohort study was undertaken to better understand the impact of hormone therapy on breast cancer patients' risk of osteoporosis, and to estimate the extent to which current bone mineral density screening recommendations are implemented in real-life daily practice...
November 9, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406309/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-after-tooth-extraction-in-cancer-patients-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#2
T Hasegawa, S Hayashida, E Kondo, Y Takeda, H Miyamoto, Y Kawaoka, N Ueda, E Iwata, H Nakahara, M Kobayashi, S Soutome, S I Yamada, I Tojyo, Y Kojima, M Umeda, S Fujita, H Kurita, Y Shibuya, T Kirita, T Komori
Root amputation, immunosuppressive therapy, mandibular tooth extraction, pre-existing inflammation, and longer duration of treatment with bone-modifying agents were significantly associated with an increased risk of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Hopeless teeth should be extracted without drug holiday before the development of inflammation in cancer patients receiving high-dose bone-modifying agents. INTRODUCTION: No studies have comprehensively analyzed the influence of pre-existing inflammation, surgical procedure-related factors such as primary wound closure, demographic factors, and drug holiday on the incidence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ)...
November 7, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30406308/osteoporosis-conference-2018-birmingham-uk-2-4-december-2018-abstracts
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397770/trabecular-microstructure-is-influenced-by-race-and-sex-in-black-and-white-young-adults
#4
K L Popp, C Xu, A Yuan, J M Hughes, G Unnikrishnan, J Reifman, M L Bouxsein
Lower fracture rates in Black men and women compared to their White counterparts are incompletely understood. High-resolution imaging specific to trabecular bone may provide insight. Black participants have enhanced trabecular morphology. These differences may contribute to the lower fracture risk in Black versus White individuals. INTRODUCTION: Lower fracture rates in Black men and women compared to their White counterparts may be explained by favorable bone microstructure in Black individuals...
November 5, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382319/recommendations-for-the-conduct-of-economic-evaluations-in-osteoporosis-outcomes-of-an-experts-consensus-meeting-organized-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-osteoporosis-osteoarthritis-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-esceo-and-the-us
#5
M Hiligsmann, J-Y Reginster, A N A Tosteson, S V Bukata, K G Saag, D T Gold, P Halbout, F Jiwa, E M Lewiecki, D Pinto, J D Adachi, N Al-Daghri, O Bruyère, M Chandran, C Cooper, N C Harvey, T A Einhorn, J A Kanis, D L Kendler, O D Messina, R Rizzoli, L Si, S Silverman
Economic evaluations are increasingly used to assess the value of health interventions, but variable quality and heterogeneity limit the use of these evaluations by decision-makers. These recommendations provide guidance for the design, conduct, and reporting of economic evaluations in osteoporosis to improve their transparency, comparability, and methodologic standards. INTRODUCTION: This paper aims to provide recommendations for the conduct of economic evaluations in osteoporosis in order to improve their transparency, comparability, and methodologic standards...
October 31, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382318/mutation-update-and-long-term-outcome-after-treatment-with-active-vitamin-d-3-in-chinese-patients-with-pseudovitamin-d-deficiency-rickets-pddr
#6
Y Chi, J Sun, L Pang, R Jiajue, Y Jiang, O Wang, M Li, X Xing, Y Hu, X Zhou, X Meng, W Xia
Pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets is a rare disease which is caused by CYP27B1. In this study, we identified 9 mutations in 7 PDDR patients. In addition, we observed the response to long-term treatment of calcitriol in 15 Chinese patients with PDDR, which showed that the biochemical abnormalities had been corrected satisfactorily after 1-year treatment. INTRODUCTION: Pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a defect in 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase, which is encoded by CYP27B1...
October 31, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374598/lithium-use-and-risk-of-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
B Liu, Q Wu, S Zhang, A Del Rosario
This systematic review and meta-analysis summarized the results from nine eligible observational studies. Lithium use was significantly associated with a decrease risk of fractures. INTRODUCTION: The association between lithium use and risk of fracture is uncertain. To date, there have been no meta-analyses that have studied the association between the two. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effect of lithium medication on the risk of fracture. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE to include eligible observational studies...
October 29, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368576/risk-factors-and-score-for-recollapse-of-the-augmented-vertebrae-after-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-in-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#8
W B Yu, X B Jiang, D Liang, W X Xu, L Q Ye, J Wang
Our study demonstrated a high incidence of recollapse of the augmented vertebrae after PVP treatment for OVCFs. A risk score based on all significant factors can predict the rate of recollapse and gain clinical benefits to prevent recollapse in patients at high risk. BACKGROUND: Recollapse of the augmented vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) has obtained much attention. However, little is known about risk factors and score for recollapse of the augmented vertebrae...
October 28, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30361752/length-of-hospital-stay-after-hip-fracture-surgery-and-1-year-mortality
#9
J Yoo, J S Lee, S Kim, B S Kim, H Choi, D Y Song, W B Kim, C W Won
There is ongoing effort to discharge patients early after hip fracture surgery to reduce the medical and economic burden. We tried to find whether there is any related side effect, and discovered that early discharge, especially before 10 days after surgery, is associated with higher mortality. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the length of hospital stay after hip fracture and 1-year mortality in older adults aged ≥ 65 years old. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Korean National Health Insurance Service data to identify patients who were discharged after hip fracture surgery from 2007 to 2009 among 487,460 older adults of age ≥ 65 years...
October 25, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357438/the-first-biosimilar-approved-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis-results-of-a-comparative-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-study
#10
I Takács, E Jókai, D E Kováts, I Aradi
To demonstrate the clinical comparability between RGB-10 (a biosimilar teriparatide) and the originator, a comparative pharmacokinetic trial was conducted. The study was successful in establishing bioequivalence. Marketing authorisation for RGB-10 (Terrosa®) was granted by the European Medicines Agency in 2017. INTRODUCTION: Teriparatide, the first bone anabolic agent, is the biologically active fragment of human parathyroid hormone. The imminent patent expiry of the originator will open the door for biosimilars to enter the osteology market, thereby improving access to a highly effective, yet prohibitively expensive therapy...
October 24, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341467/correction-to-notch-in-skeletal-physiology-and-disease
#11
E Canalis
Table 2 of the original article was incorrect. The correct table is shown below.
October 19, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334093/bone-fragility-after-spinal-cord-injury-reductions-in-stiffness-and-bone-mineral-at-the-distal-femur-and-proximal-tibia-as-a-function-of-time
#12
I T Haider, S M Lobos, N Simonian, T J Schnitzer, W B Edwards
Computed tomography and finite element modeling were used to assess bone structure at the knee as a function of time after spinal cord injury. Analyzed regions experienced degradation in stiffness, mineral density, and content. Changes were well described as an exponential decay over time, reaching a steady state 3.5 years after injury. INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with bone fragility and an increased risk of fracture around the knee. The purpose of this study was to investigate bone stiffness and mineral content at the distal femur and proximal tibia, using finite element (FE) and computed tomography (CT) measures...
October 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334092/vigorous-physical-activity-patterns-affect-bone-growth-during-early-puberty-in-boys
#13
J Marin-Puyalto, J Mäestu, A Gomez-Cabello, E Lätt, L Remmel, P Purge, J A Casajús, G Vicente-Rodríguez, J Jürimäe
This study aims to analyze the impact of participation in vigorous physical activity as it can promote a healthy bone development. Adolescents who increased their participation in vigorous physical activity showed higher improvements in bone parameters compared to those who did not, which highlights the relevance of vigorous physical activity engagement. INTRODUCTION: The main purpose of the study was to analyze the effects of different patterns of vigorous physical activity (VPA) on bone development...
October 17, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327834/fibrous-dysplasia-of-occipital-bone-revealed-by-acute-intracranial-hypertension
#14
P Jaulent, E Vignot, R Chapurlat
Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a stem cell bone disease due to a somatic GNAS mutation which can affect craniofacial bones. Although craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is a benign and progressive disorder, it can cause mass effect on the cranial structures. We describe an 18-year-old man, without past medical history, came at the emergency department with progressively worsening headache, associated with vomiting. Cranial bone CT and then brain MRI revealed fibrous dysplasia of occipital bone with intraosseous cyst, compression of right sigmoid vein...
October 16, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324414/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-hip-fracture-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-nationwide-database-study-with-11-year-follow-up
#15
C-Y Li, C-L Chang, T-W Tai
Impaired functional movement may occur after spinal surgery, which increases risk of fall episode and hip fracture. Patients with long-segment thoracolumbar spine fusions had a significantly higher risk of hip fracture than those with only discectomies. Fall prevention is necessary due to the highly increased hip fracture risk. INTRODUCTION: Spinal surgeries are performed to treat spondylolisthesis, fractures, scoliosis, or other deformities. Impaired balance mechanisms and functional movement may occur after spinal surgery...
October 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324413/patients-with-prostate-cancer-and-androgen-deprivation-therapy-have-increased-risk-of-fractures-a-study-from-the-fractures-and-fall-injuries-in-the-elderly-cohort-frailco
#16
M Wallander, K F Axelsson, D Lundh, M Lorentzon
Osteoporosis is a common complication of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). In this large Swedish cohort study consisting of a total of nearly 180,000 older men, we found that those with prostate cancer and ADT have a significantly increased risk of future osteoporotic fractures. INTRODUCTION: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate cancer is associated to increased risk of fractures. In this study, we investigated the relationship between ADT in patients with prostate cancer and the risk of incident fractures and non-skeletal fall injuries both compared to those without ADT and compared to patients without prostate cancer...
October 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324412/european-guidance-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
J A Kanis, C Cooper, R Rizzoli, J-Y Reginster
Guidance is provided in a European setting on the assessment and treatment of postmenopausal women at risk from fractures due to osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: The International Osteoporosis Foundation and European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis published guidance for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis in 2013. This manuscript updates these in a European setting. METHODS: Systematic reviews were updated. RESULTS: The following areas are reviewed: the role of bone mineral density measurement for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and assessment of fracture risk; general and pharmacological management of osteoporosis; monitoring of treatment; assessment of fracture risk; case-finding strategies; investigation of patients; health economics of treatment...
October 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306226/gene-based-gwas-analysis-for-consecutive-studies-of-gefos
#18
W Zhu, C Xu, J-G Zhang, H He, K-H Wu, L Zhang, Y Zeng, Y Zhou, K-J Su, H-W Deng
By integrating the multilevel biological evidence and bioinformatics analyses, the present study represents a systemic endeavor to identify BMD-associated genes and their roles in skeletal metabolism. INTRODUCTION: Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have already identified about 100 loci associated with bone mineral density (BMD), but these loci only explain a small proportion of heritability to osteoporosis risk. In the present study, we performed a gene-based analysis of the largest GWASs in the bone field to identify additional BMD-associated genes...
October 10, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306225/prediction-of-incident-vertebral-fracture-using-ct-based-finite-element-analysis
#19
B T Allaire, D Lu, F Johannesdottir, D Kopperdahl, T M Keaveny, M Jarraya, A Guermazi, M A Bredella, E J Samelson, D P Kiel, D E Anderson, S Demissie, M L Bouxsein
Prior studies show vertebral strength from computed tomography-based finite element analysis may be associated with vertebral fracture risk. We found vertebral strength had a strong association with new vertebral fractures, suggesting that vertebral strength measures identify those at risk for vertebral fracture and may be a useful clinical tool. INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the association between vertebral strength by quantitative computed tomography (CT)-based finite element analysis (FEA) and incident vertebral fracture (VF)...
October 10, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306224/associations-between-radius-low-frequency-axial-ultrasound-velocity-and-bone-fragility-in-elderly-men-and-women
#20
E Biver, J Pepe, A de Sire, T Chevalley, S Ferrari
An exploratory study in elderly women and men from the Geneva Retirees Cohort indicates that low-frequency quantitative ultrasound measurement at the radius captures aBMD, bone size, and cortical tissue mineral density and might be used for screening purposes prior to DXA to evaluate fracture risk. INTRODUCTION: The contribution of distal radius bone mineral density (BMD) and cortical microstructure to fracture risk has recently been demonstrated. In this exploratory study, we investigated whether low-frequency quantitative ultrasound measurement at the distal radius may capture the peripheral determinants of bone fragility assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT)...
October 10, 2018: Osteoporosis International
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