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Osteoporosis International

A U Larsen, G Grimnes, R Jorde
The rationale of this study was to determine the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation on bone mineral density (BMD). Prediabetic males given vitamin D had significantly less reduction in BMD at the femoral neck compared to the controls. The clinical implications of our findings require further investigation. INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with increased fracture risk, and recent studies show crosstalk between bone and glucose metabolism. Few studies have investigated the effect of vitamin D supplementation on the bone without additional calcium...
September 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
C E Kawalilak, A T Bunyamin, K M Björkman, J D Johnston, S A Kontulainen
Precision errors need to be known when monitoring bone micro-architecture in children with HR-pQCT. Precision errors for trabecular bone micro-architecture ranged from 1 to 8% when using the standard evaluation at the radius and tibia. Precision errors for cortical bone micro-architecture ranged from 1 to 11% when using the advanced cortical evaluation. INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to define HR-pQCT precision errors (CV%RMS) and least significant changes (LSCs) at the distal radius and tibia in children using the standard evaluation and the advanced cortical evaluation...
September 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
W D Leslie, S N Morin, S R Majumdar, L M Lix
In this large registry-based study, women with diabetes had marginally greater bone mineral density (BMD) loss at the femoral neck but not at other measurement sites, whereas obesity was not associated with greater BMD loss. Our data do not support the hypothesis that rapid BMD loss explains the increased fracture risk associated with type 2 diabetes and obesity observed in prior studies. INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes and obesity are associated with higher bone mineral density (BMD) which may be less protective against fracture than previously assumed...
September 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
H M Macdonald, A Gryka, J C Y Tang, L S Aucott, W D Fraser, A D Wood
To determine how long vitamin D lasts after supplementation ceases, the marker of status was measured 2 and 3 years after a 1-year trial. Compared to placebo, the proportion of vitamin D-deficient women was still lower, if they had taken daily vitamin D3, after 2 years, indicating its longevity. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine longevity of vitamin D status following cessation of vitamin D3 supplementation, 2 and 3 years after a 1-year randomised, double-blind placebo controlled trial and to investigate possible predictive factors...
September 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
K Briot, P Geusens, I Em Bultink, W F Lems, C Roux
Systemic osteoporosis and increased fracture rates have been described in chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory bowel diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Most of these patients receive glucocorticoids, which have their own deleterious effects on bone. However, the other main determinant of bone fragility is the inflammation itself, as shown by the interactions between the inflammatory mediators, the actors of the immune system, and the bone remodelling...
September 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
T Rolvien, U Kornak, J Stürznickel, T Schinke, M Amling, S Mundlos, R Oheim
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is typically characterized by low bone mass and increased bone fragility caused by heterozygous mutations in the type I procollagen genes (COL1A1/COL1A2). We report two cases of a 56-year-old woman and her 80-year-old mother who suffered from multiple vertebral and non-vertebral fractures with onset in early childhood. A full osteologic assessment including dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT), and serum analyses pointed to a high bone mineral density (BMD) in the hip (DXA Z-score + 3...
September 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
S Stenevi Lundgren, B E Rosengren, M Dencker, J-Å Nilsson, C Karlsson, M K Karlsson
The study investigates the effect of physical activity (PA) on a composite score for fracture risk in pre-pubertal children. Low PA in children is related to the composite score for fracture risk and the pre-pubertal years seem to be a period when PA positively affects the score. INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates if PA in children is related to clustering of risk factors for fracture. Research questions are the following: (i) What is the effect of physical activity (PA) on single traits and a composite score for fracture risk? (ii) Could this score be used to identify the level of PA needed to reach beneficial effects? METHODS: This prospective population-based study included 269 children, aged 7-9 years at baseline while 246 attended the 2-year follow-up...
September 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
H Ansari, D E Beaton, R Sujic, N K Rotondi, J D Cullen, M Slater, J E M Sale, R Jain, E R Bogoch
We evaluated gender imbalance in osteoporosis management in a provincial coordinator-based fracture prevention program and found no difference by gender in treatment of high-risk fragility fracture patients. This establishes that a systemic approach with interventions for all fragility fracture patients can eliminate the gender inequity that is often observed. INRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate an Ontario-based fracture prevention program for its ability to address the well-documented gender imbalance in osteoporosis (OP) management, by incorporating its integrated fracture risk assessments within a needs-based evaluation of equity...
September 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
V T Nguyen, S W Edmonds, Y Lou, D W Roblin, K G Saag, P Cram, F D Wolinsky
We studied the Osteoporosis and You knowledge scale in 7749 participants enrolled in a clinical trial. Results confirmed its psychometric properties in a diverse audience. Baseline scores were associated with better recall of bone mineral density test results at follow-up; however, the scale was not responsive to knowledge change. INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to confirm the measurement properties of the Osteoporosis and You (O&Y) knowledge scale using classic test theory methods in the 7749 men and women participating in the Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) randomized controlled trial...
September 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
M Laroche, M Talibart, C Cormier, C Roux, P Guggenbuhl, Y Degboe
A retrospective, multicentre study involving 52 patients was carried out to define the causes and characteristics of pregnancy-related osteoporosis. The mean number of vertebral fractures occurring during the last trimester of pregnancy or at the time of delivery was 3.8. This is often promoted by risk factors before or during pregnancy. INTRODUCTION: In order to define the causes or predisposing factors of pregnancy-related osteoporosis and its clinical, radiological and bone density characteristics, laboratory findings, course and outcome, we carried out a retrospective multicentre study...
September 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
J B Koedijk, J van Rijswijk, W A Oranje, J P van den Bergh, S P Bours, H H Savelberg, N C Schaper
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour (SB) is a potential risk factor for suboptimal bone deposition in youth. RESULTS: Total SB was negatively associated with lower extremity bone outcomes, while no association was observed with total body bone outcomes. Insufficient evidence was found for an association between total SB and lumbar spine bone outcomes. CONCLUSION: This review highlights the heterogeneity of the available evidence and emphasizes the need for well-designed studies...
September 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
E T Callegari, S M Garland, A Gorelik, J D Wark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
O Kaewboonchoo, F C Sung, C L Lin, H C Hsu, C T Kuo
This work aimed to evaluate the hip fracture risk for patients with burn injury. A total of 16,430 patients with burn injury had an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.54 to encounter a hip fracture, compared with controls without the injury. These results encourage future studies focusing on mechanisms leading to fracture associated with burn injury. INTRODUCTION: The relationship between burn injury and hip fracture risk is unclear. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate this relationship...
September 5, 2017: Osteoporosis International
M J Rothmann, S Möller, T Holmberg, M Højberg, J Gram, M Bech, K Brixen, A P Hermann, C-C Glüer, R Barkmann, K H Rubin
Population-based screening for osteoporosis is still controversial and has not been implemented. Non-participation in systematic screening was evaluated in 34,229 women age 65-81 years. Although participation rate was high, non-participation was associated with comorbidity, aging other risk factors for fractures, and markers of low social status, e.g., low income, pension, and living alone. A range of strategies is needed to increase participation, including development of targeted information and further research to better understand the barriers and enablers in screening for osteoporosis...
September 5, 2017: Osteoporosis International
M A Mignot, N Taisne, I Legroux, B Cortet, J Paccou
A cohort of 183 postmenopausal women, who had either discontinued or continued bisphosphonates (BPs) after first-line therapy, was used to investigate the relationships between "drug holiday" and clinical fracture. The risk of new clinical fractures was found to be 40% higher in women who had taken a BP "drug holiday." INTRODUCTION: BPs are the most widely used treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis. The optimal treatment duration, however, remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis after discontinuing BP treatment (BP "drug holiday")...
September 5, 2017: Osteoporosis International
A B Pedersen, V Ehrenstein, S K Szépligeti, H T Sørensen
Hip fracture patients were at increased excess risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) up to 1 year following hip fracture. During the first year, interaction between hip fracture and comorbidity was observed among patients with severe and very severe comorbidity. INTRODUCTION: We compared the risk of VTE in hip fracture patients with that in the general population. We also examined whether and to what extent the association between hip fracture and VTE varied by comorbidity level. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study based on Danish health registries, 1995-2015...
September 5, 2017: Osteoporosis International
N K Hyde, S L Brennan-Olsen, J D Wark, S M Hosking, K L Holloway, J A Pasco
No studies have explored the relationship with maternal vitamin D (25(OH)D) in pregnancy and offspring trabecular bone score (TBS). Our data suggest that maternal 25(OH)D in early pregnancy, but not late, may be associated with offspring TBS in boys. These data act as hypothesis-generating findings for confirmation in larger, longer-term studies. INTRODUCTION: Trabecular bone score (TBS), a novel tool derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), reflects the microarchitecture of the vertebrae...
September 3, 2017: Osteoporosis International
M Celli, P D'Eufemia, P Persiani, A Turchetti, A Febbo, Y D'Alfonso, L Celli, A Zambrano
Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome (OPPG) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by juvenile-onset osteoporosis and ocular abnormalities due to a low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene mutation. Treatment with bisphosphonates, particularly with pamidronate and risedronate, has been reported to be of some efficacy in this condition. We report on a patient with OPPG due to an LRP5 gene mutation, who showed an encouraging response after a 36-month period of neridronate therapy...
September 2, 2017: Osteoporosis International
A E Litwic, J E Compston, A Wyman, E S Siris, S H Gehlbach, J D Adachi, R Chapurlat, A Díez-Pérez, A Z LaCroix, J W Nieves, J C Netelenbos, J Pfeilschifter, M Rossini, C Roux, K G Saag, S Silverman, N B Watts, S L Greenspan, L March, C L Gregson, C Cooper, E M Dennison
In this study, we report that self-perception of fracture risk captures some aspect of fracture risk not currently measured using conventional fracture prediction tools and is associated with improved medication uptake. It suggests that adequate appreciation of fracture risk may be beneficial and lead to greater healthcare engagement and treatment. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess how well self-perception of fracture risk, and fracture risk as estimated by the fracture prediction tool FRAX, related to fracture incidence and uptake and persistence of anti-osteoporosis medication among women participating in the Global Longitudinal study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW)...
August 31, 2017: Osteoporosis International
C Roux, G Baron, K Briot, B Roux, B Cortet, T Thomas
Using case vignette methodology, this study shows that only 4% of patients are maintained on oral bisphosphonates over 5 years, and prescribers switch or stop the treatment in 20-30% of cases at each visit. There are few determinants of these changes. More information on appropriate follow-up could help in patients' management. INTRODUCTION: Persistence to oral bisphosphonates, the most commonly prescribed anti-osteoporotic treatments, is low. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of rheumatologists on the treatment patterns, and to assess the determinants of treatment changes...
August 29, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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