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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Nikos N Lygidakis, Nick A Lygidakis
Alveolar fractures treatment includes repositioning of displaced segments and splinting. In children, splinting procedures may occasionally present clinical problems resulting from fewer teeth available for splinting or presence of occlusal disturbances. An alternative clinical approach for splinting in alveolar fractures of primary dentition is described. CLINICAL CASE: A 4.5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 8 hours after a fall accident. Clinical examination revealed mandibular alveolar process segmental fracture in the right canine area with frontal dislodgement of the labial cortical bone resulting to occluding inability...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Fatemeh Koohpeima, Mohammad Javad Mokhtari, Maryam Doozandeh, Zahra Jowkar, Fatemeh Yazdanshenas
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effects of new nanohybrid composite, giomer, conventional and resin modified and silver reinforced glass ionomer cements and compare the biocompatibility of these dental materials in cell culture. STUDY DESIGN: Five cylindrical specimens were made of each material, using a mold (2mm. thick and 5 mm in diameter). For HGF, cells were cultured in RPMI-1640 medium. After attaining 80% confluence, cells were treated with different doses of five tested materials for 24h...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hayriye Sönmez, Sinem Saat
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of deproteinization of the hypomineralized enamel and different cavity designs on the performance of the composite resin restorations(CRRs) placed into the cavities of MIH (molar incisor hypomineralization)-affected molars. STUDY DESIGN: 95 MIH-affected permanent first molars (PFMs) and 31 caries but not MIH-affected PFMs (126 teeth in total) were included in the study. The MIH-affected molars were divided into three groups...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nili Tickotsky, Roy Petel, Rabi Araki, Moti Moskovitz
OBJECTIVES: The rate of caries progression in primary teeth has rarely been studied, with most studies on early childhood caries reporting the percentage of lesions that remain at a certain stage of disease over a period of time. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence and behavior of proximal and occlusal carious lesions in primary teeth among children from low socio-economic status. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was based on bite-wing radiographs of 95 children aged 5-12 taken at 6-12 months intervals, with a follow-up period of at least three years...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Neeti Mittal, Manoj Goyal, Parteek K Mittal
Systematic reviews and meta-analysis seek to answer a pre-framed research question to lead to a valid answer through a systematic, explicit and reproducible method of locating; identifying, including and appraising appropriate trials. The results are synthesized considering the methodological rigor of included trials. While the meta-analysis quantitatively pools the results from individual included studies, the systematic review summarizes the findings as qualitative conclusions. These reviews are crux of evidence based dentistry for various stake-holders, i...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
K Shah Arpan, Padmaja Ankur, K Thakkur Rahul
A ranula is a lesion that arises from mucin spillage from the sublingual or submandibular gland ducts, beneath the mucosa of the oral floor. A plunging or cervical ranula dissects the mylohyoid muscle and appears as a submandibular swelling. Rarely, a plunging ranula is encountered without its oral counterpart. Here, we report a rare case of a plunging ranula that occurred without its oral counterpart in a 11-year-old male patient. We have also discussed the pathogenesis and treatment options for the ranula...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Su-Jin Ko, Ji Young Seo, Yong-Dae Kwon, Kyounga Cheon, Jae Hyun Park
Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a very rare genetic disorder characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, short stature, and typical craniofacial abnormalities including micrognathia. While growth hormone (GH) therapy in children with SRS significantly improves somatic growth, functional orthopedic treatment can also be effective in adolescents with mandibular deficiency. We report the effects of Phase 1 functional orthopedic treatment of a twin-block appliance in conjunction with GH administration in a 9-year-old boy with GH deficiency and SRS, and the result of the subsequent Phase 2 orthodontic treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Gali Zisman, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the recovery time of children who underwent conscious sedation with oral or rectal midazolam. STUDY DESIGN: The medical files in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of all the children who underwent conscious sedation with midazolam between 3/2013-4/2016 were examined. The total duration of sedation and time to discharge were calculated. Descriptions of the children's behavior before and during sedation were compared...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rocio B Quinonez, Elizabeth Consky, Katrina Mattison, Greg Randolph
OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of quality improvement (QI) methods to implement an early childhood oral health program (Baby Oral Health Program-bOHP) in four federally qualified health center (FQHC) dental clinics. STUDY DESIGN: Using a mixed-methods study design, survey responses, administrative data, QI project templates, and focus group measures were collected. Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles as mini-projects to improve the implementation of bOHP were examined...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sidharth Kapoor, Naveen Manuja, Seema Chaudhary, Harsimran Kaur, Chaitra Tr, Ashish Amit Sinha
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of different endodontic irrigants on microleakage of adhesives used within pulp chamber of primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: 72 Primary molars were divided into 6 groups, according to 3 irrigants and 2 adhesives used. After de-roofing the pulp chamber, pulp was extirpated. In 36 samples, pulp chambers were bonded with Xeno V(+) after irrigation with either QMix (Group1); 17%EDTA+5%NaOCl (Group2) or normal saline (Group3) and in other half samples, pulp chambers were bonded with SinglebondUniversal after irrigation with either QMix (Group 4); 17%EDTA+5% NaOCl (Group5) or normal saline (Group 6)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Amani Al-Tuwirqi, W Kim Seow
AIM: To compare the prevalence of PEIR in Australian and Saudi Arabian children and to investigate the relationship of PEIR with dental development. STUDY DESIGN: Panoramic (PAN) radiographs of 842 Australian and 456 Saudi children were screened for PEIR. The dental ages of the children with and without PEIR were assessed from the PAN radiographs using the method of Demirjian and co-workers. RESULTS: The subject prevalence of PEIR was not statistically significant between Australian (2%) and Saudi children (0...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mi Sun Kim, Hyo-Seol Lee, Ok Hyung Nam, Sung Chul Choi
Maxillary canines are the most commonly impacted teeth, second only to third molars. Various treatment methods may be used to recover impacted maxillary canines. This is a report of a 14-year-old girl with a severely malpositioned impacted right maxillary canine which accompanied severe root resorption of adjacent tooth, treated by autotransplantation with a computer aided rapid prototyping model as a surgical guide. This case report demonstrates that autotransplantation can be a reliable treatment alternative, in cases with a severely malpositioned impacted canine, providing acceptable prognosis...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mabel Miluska Suca Salas, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Karen Glazer Peres, Marie-Charlotte Dnjm Huysmans, Flávio Fernando Demarco
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the prevalence, distribution and associated factors of tooth erosion in Brazilian schoolchildren. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a representative sample of children aged 8-12-years-old from public and private schools. Six calibrated examiners assessed tooth erosion (O'Sullivan index) and other oral conditions (dental trauma, enamel defects, plaque, dental caries and dental crowding). Socio-demographic and behavioral data were collected using questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Maria Grazia Cagetti, Stefano Cattaneo, Ye Qing Hu, Guglielmo Campus
Objective-Evaluate esthetic and functional efficacy of infiltrant resin (Icon, DMG, Hamburg, Germany) in Amelogenesis Imperfecta's treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Two adolescent patients, G.S. (13 years old) and C.M. (15 years old), affected by the hypomaturation type of Amelogenesis Imperfecta, were treated with Icon resin and were followed for twelve months. RESULTS: Treated teeth show an excellent aesthetical result immediately after the resin application, effect that lasts in the long-term (six and twelve months follow-up examinations); the dental wear's progression seems to be clinically arrested...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Pallavi Hasija, Vinod Sachdev, Shivani Mathur, Rishi Rath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different deproteinizing agents on shear bond strength of composite to primary teeth enamel. STUDY DESIGN: Forty sound primary molars divided in 4 groups of 10 teeth each. In control group 1, enamel was etched for 60 seconds with 37% phosphoric acid and rinsed with water. Group 2: after acid etching deproteinizing agent 5 % sodium hypochlorite was applied for 60 seconds and rinsed. Group 3: after acid etching deproteinizing agent papain gel was applied for 60 seconds and rinsed...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
S Mudunuri, A Sharma, P Subramaniam
AIM: To evaluate the perception of visually impaired children to three different methods of oral health education. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty total visually impaired children were divided into three groups of 20 children each. Children in group-I received oral health education through a lecture. Children in group II received Demonstration on a Model by Tell and Touch method (DMTT) and children in group III were self trained on oral hygiene skills. All children received written instructions in Braille...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Roger P Dotsey, Elizabeth A S Moser, George J Eckert, Richard L Gregory
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of cola-flavored beverages and caffeine on growth and metabolism of Streptococcus mutans biofilm. This study was designed to determine if carbonated beverages or caffeine can increase S. mutans growth and biofilm formation and metabolic activity in vitro, potentially leading to increased S. mutans-associated cariogenicity in children that consume them. STUDY DESIGN: Six different cola-flavored products, plus pure caffeine, and pure high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), at different concentrations similar to those in the beverages were tested...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Burak Buldur, Arife Kapdan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of the EndoVac system and conventional needle irrigation to eliminate E faecalis in primary molar root canals. STUDY DESIGN: 60 extracted human primary second molar roots were instrumented up to an apical size .04/35 and randomly divided into two groups; Group 1: conventional needle (n=30) and Group 2: EndoVac (n=30), and four subgroups (two experimental subgroups; (a) 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) + ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (n=20), (b) ozonated water (OW) + EDTA (n=20), and control groups (c) 5...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Eda Arat Maden, Özge Acar, Ceyhan Altun, Günseli Güven Polat
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel and casein phosphopeptide/amorphous calciumphosphate (CPP-ACP) on the dental erosion produced by carbonated soft drink in primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: This study evaluated by an in vitro model the effect of APF gel and CPP-ACP on the dental enamel previously subjected to erosive challenge with carbonated soft drink. Sixty sound human primary molars were prepared by embedding the crown sections in acrylic resin blocks leaving the enamel surfaces exposed...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Fabrício Kitazono de Carvalho, Thaís Aparecida Xavier, Nicole Gonçalves Lima, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Marcilene Coelho Vinhorte, Paulo Nelson-Filho
Injuries to the teeth and surrounding structures are relatively common. Although traumatic injuries caused by falls or activities related to sports are widely discussed, the same cannot be said regarding accidents arising from non-professional extraction of primary teeth. The present study reports a 6-year-old male child who underwent mandibular alveolar bone fracture during non-professional extraction of his central lower left incisor at home, performed by his 30-year-old aunt. The root of the tooth was with an irregular physiological resorption, which acted as a lever component for the mechanical force applied, leading to bone fracture...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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