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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Kahraman Gungor, Lale Taner, Emine Kaygisiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of posterior crossbite in different dentition stages in a Turkish sample. STUDY DESIGN: 1554 subjects (843 girls, 711 boys) aged 4-25 years were evaluated to determine the prevalence of posterior crossbite in a Turkish sample. The subjects were classified according to four dentition stages (primary, early mixed, late mixed and permanent) and transversal occlusal status. The statistical evaluation was done by Chi-square, Fischer exact tests...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shafees Koya, Sandeep Shetty, Akhter Husain, Mustafa Khader
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the results of nasoalveolar molding (NAM) in the treatment of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate using a modified technique in a South Indian population. STUDY DESIGN: The design was a prospective study with blinded measurements. The sample constituted 10 complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients who underwent NAM therapy by the same operator. Direct extra and intra oral anthropometric measurements were done using a digital vernier caliper before and after NAM therapy...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Meghna Bajaj, P Poornima, S Praveen, N B Nagaveni, K B Roopa, I E Neena, K P Bharath
OBJECTIVES: To compare CPP-ACP, Tri-calcium phosphate and Hydroxyapatite on remineralization of artificial caries like lesions on primary enamel. STUDY DESIGN: Ten extracted Primary molars coated with nail varnish, leaving a window of 2×4 mm on buccal and lingual surface were immersed in demineralizing solution for 96 hours and sectioned longitudinally to obtain 40 sections (4 sections per tooth) and were randomly divided into 4 groups (A to D) n=10; Group A: negative control, Group B: CPP-ACP, Group C: Tri-calcium phosphate, Group D: Hydroxyapatite...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
P Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, G Neeraja, S Pillai
UNLABELLED: Propolis is a natural resinous substance produced by honey bees. The antimicrobial effects of glass ionomer cement have been shown to improve with the addition of propolis; however its effect on the physicomechanical properties of the cement is not known. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the compressive strength and solubility of conventional restorative glass ionomer cement following the addition of propolis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty half cylindrical samples were prepared with conventional restorative glass ionomer cement formed the control group...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Janet Wt Mah, Phoebe Tsang
OBJECTIVES: A pilot study to test whether a visual schedule system using picture communication symbols can help children with autism have successful routine dental cleaning visits. STUDY DESIGN: 14 boys with autism between three- to eight-years-old presented to the dental clinic for four weekly consecutive dental appointments. Patients were randomly assigned to either the control group who received the tell-show-do method (i.e., standard of care), or the test group who received the tell-show-do method plus the visual schedule system...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hyo-Seol Lee, Eun-Song Lee, Si-Mook Kang, Jae-Ho Lee, Hyung-Jun Choi, Baek-Il Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a new caries activity test that uses dental plaque acidogenicity in children with deciduous dentition. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-two children under the age of three years old underwent clinical examination using the dft index and examinations with two caries activity tests. Plaque samples for the new Cariview(®) test and the saliva sample for the conventional Dentocult SM(®) test were collected, incubated, and scored according to each manufacturers' instruction...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Eman A El Ashiry, Sumer M Alaki, Sumaya M Nouri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the parents' perception of the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and compare it with normally developing children. STUDY DESIGN: 63 children with CP were recruited from 8 disability centers, and 99 healthy controls were recruited from 5 elementary schools. The ages of the children in both groups were from 6-12 years. The Franciscan Hospital for Children Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (FHC-OHRQOL) was used to measure the OHRQOL and an oral examination was conducted in the schools/centers of the children to assess the teeth, gingival health, and oral hygiene...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Neeti Mittal
OBJECTIVES: To report the extent, pattern, clinical presentation and phenotypes of enamel hypomineralization in permanent dentition Study Design: This cross sectional observational study recruited a random sample of 1726, 12-16 year olds. Enamel hypomineralization was scored on all teeth by a calibrated examiner using the EAPD 2003 criteria. Proportions of affected subjects (prevalence) with a minimum of one hypomineralization and Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) were calculated...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Saeed Asgary, Mahta Fazlyab, Ali Nosrat
This report compares and evaluates the treatment outcomes of regenerative endodontic treatment and apical plug as two accepted treatment protocols in a pair of necrotic immature maxillary central incisors of a 12-year old female. The patient was referred complaining of a dull pain and swelling in her upper lip area. She had a history of trauma to the anterior maxilla two years earlier. Both teeth were clinically diagnosed with pulp necrosis and periapical radiographs revealed that separate periapical radiolucent lesions surrounded the immature apices of both teeth...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Roy Petel, Anna Fuks
BACKGROUND: Pink spots in teeth were first described by Mummery in 1920, and were related to resorption. Resorption is a pathologic process that often eludes the clinician with its varied etiologic factors and diverse clinical presentations. Resorption can be generally classified as internal and external resorption. Internal resorption has been described as a rare occurrence as compared to external resorption. CASE REPORT: This article describes a pink spot that was diagnosed as a progressing resorption process...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hitesh Chander Mittal, Ashima Goyal, Krishan Gauba, Aditi Kapur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical performance of indirect resin composite onlays (IRC onlay) compared to stainless steel crowns (SSCs), as an esthetic alternative for rehabilitation of extensively carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty pediatric patients each received either IRC onlay or SSC randomly on extensively carious endodontically treated primary molars. All the restorations were evaluated at baseline and then every 6 months till 36 months using 'modified FDI criteria' for retention, marginal integrity, occlusion, proximal contact, secondary caries and gingival health...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
H Barry Waldman, Rick Rader, Stephen Sulkes, Steven P Perlman
The transition of teenagers with special needs to young adulthood is a complex period for the children and their families. This transition is especially difficult when it comes to securing needed oral health care. The teenager is forced to transfer from the services of an age defined pediatric dental specialist with training to provide care for individuals with special needs, to 1) general practitioners with limited formal training and often unwillingness to provide care and 2) at a period when most states provide limited or lack of adult dental Medicaid programs...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Michala K Stock, David G Reynolds, Ari J Masters, Timothy G Bromage, Donald H Enlow
OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear how the realignments of the face and basicranium that characterize humans were acquired, both phylogenetically and ontogenetically. The developmentally constrained nature of the skull has been previously demonstrated in other primates using Donald H. Enlow's mammalian craniofacial architectural relationships. Here, we compare crania of our closest relatives to gain greater understanding of how and why the relationship of the face and cranial base is developmentally constrained in order to inform instances of abnormal growth and clinical intervention...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mauro Henrique Andrade Nascimento, Telma Martins de Araújo, Andre Wilson Machado
Deleterious oral habits, such as non-nutritive sucking or tongue thrusting, if not intercepted at an early stage can cause complex malocclusions. This manuscript describes a clinical case report of a successful interception of a severe anterior dental open bite caused by thumb sucking and tongue thrusting habits. The case involved a six-year-old female patient treated with the use of palatal spurs and maxillary removable crib followed by monitoring the development of dental occlusion. At the end of the interceptive phase acceptable results were achieved, showing the efficacy of the treatment undertaken as well the importance of an early intervention to remove harmful oral habits...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shmuel Einy, Hagai Hazan-Molina, Ayelet Ben-Barak, Dror Aizenbud
OBJECTIVE: Beta Thalassemia (βT) patients present a unique facial appearance and specific craniofacial, jaw and dental patterns. Although this anomaly often requires orthodontic management, βT patients have received scant attention in the orthodontic and dental literature over the past 50 years. The aim of this article is to review the characteristic craniofacial and dental manifestation pattern of βT patients and to emphasize their preferred orthodontic management protocol by presenting a βT orthodontic treated patient...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hisham Y El Batawi, Ahmed A Shorrab
BACKGROUND: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a common complication following dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) that may lead to unplanned hospitalization, increased costs and dissatisfaction of parents. AIM: To investigate the incidence of Postoperative Vomiting (POV) on children who underwent dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia and to compare possible preventive effect of Dexamethasone and Ondansetron on occurrences of POV. STUDY DESIGN: A double blind randomized parallel clinical trial was carried out on 352 ASA I children who underwent DGA in a private Saudi hospital in Jeddah...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Aida Carolina Medina, Rodrigo Del Pozo, Lucila Blanco de Cedres
BACKGROUND: Dental agenesis is the most common developmental anomaly in humans, frequently associated with disorders in dental development and maturation. AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine radiographic variations in dental maturation in a group of Venezuelan children with dental agenesis. STUDY DESIGN: 1,188 panoramic radiographs, from healthy patients ages 5 to 12 years old were studied for agenesis of permanent teeth. Dental maturation was assessed by relative eruption and dental age according to Nolla, comparing children affected with dental agenesis to a stratified control group selected from the same population, excluding children with premature loss of primary teeth in the left quadrants and unclear radiographs...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Deepti Goel, Meera Sandhu, Pulkit Jhingan, Vinod Sachdev
Objective-The aim of this study was to assess the effect of magnification and air-drying on detection of carious lesion. Study Design-44 human extracted premolars were selected with sound occlusal surfaces without frank cavitation. The Diagnostic techniques used were Unaided visual examination, Magnifying Loupes (4.2×) and Stereomicroscope (10×, before and after air-drying) and then the teeth were sectioned bucco-lingually and both the surfaces were examined under Stereomicroscope (50×) to assess the presence or absence of carious lesion in the pit and fissures...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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