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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Juan Pablo Loyola Rodríguez, Jose Luis Ayala-Herrera, Noel Muñoz-Gomez, Rita E Martínez-Martínez, Miguel Angel Santos-Díaz, Jose Honorio Olvera-Delgado, Alejandra Loyola-Leyva
OBJECTIVE: To compare dental caries and oral findings in patients affected by different types of Cerebral Palsy (CP). STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study involved 120 children and adolescents with a diagnosis of CP. WHO diagnostic criteria were used to determine DMFT (caries diagnosis), the pocket depth and attachment level (periodontitis diagnosis). Additionally, the study evaluated dental erosion, traumatic dental injuries, treatment needs index (TNI), oral habits, malocclusions, gingival overgrowth, and dental fluorosis...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Luca Di Vece, Tiziana Doldo, Giacomo Faleri, Maria Picciotti, Lorenzo Salerni, Alessandro Ugolini, Cecilia Goracci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate through nasal fiber optic endoscopy and rhinomanometry the patency of upper nasal airways in patients treated with rapid palatal expansion Study design: 30 patients (12 males and 18 females) aged 7-11 years with transverse maxillary constriction underwent rhinomanometric and fiberoptic examination before (T0) and after rapid palatal expansion (T1).The amount of nasopharynx obstruction was quantified with reference to the full choanal surface...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Dae-Woo Lee, Jae-Gon Kim, Yeon-Mi Yang
Primary impaction of primary teeth might be due to genetic predisposition or physical disturbance including odontoma, supernumerary tooth, and crowded tooth. Among them, calcific deposit or odontoma is commonly associated with primary dentition. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key to prevent complications. However, results of treatment may vary depending on the condition of unerupted tooth. Here we report two clinical cases of unerupted primary mandibular second molars with physical barriers such as compound odontoma and calcific deposit focusing on diagnostic means and the importance of early treatment of these lesions...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni, Cynthia Kar Y Yiu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive audit of dental treatment provided to special needs patients (SNP) under general anesthesia (GA) over a ten-year period. STUDY DESIGN: Special needs patients who received dental treatment under GA as an in-patient at Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong SAR during the time period January 2002 and December 2011 were included in the study. The study population was divided into three groups, based on age (<6years, 6-12 years, >12 years)...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Antonio Gracco, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Laura Siviero, Alessandro Perri, Edoardo Stellini
OBJECTIVES: Recently a classification of patient's skeletal age based on the phalanx maturation, The Middle Phalanx Maturation of the third finger (MPM) method, was suggested. The aim of this study is to evaluate if there is a difference in MPM between the right and left hand. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred fifty-four patients were obtained from the Complex Operating Unit of Orthodontics of Padua University Hospital. The total sample size has been selected by appropriate statistical calculations resulting in 130 patients...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Bernardino Cerda-Cristerna, Amaury Pozos-Guillen
Pediatric clinical research on new drugs and biomaterials involves children in order to create valid and generalizable knowledge. Research on vulnerable populations, such as children, is necessary but only admissible when researchers strictly follow methodological and ethical standards, together with the respect to human rights; and very especially when the investigation cannot be conducted with other population or when the potential benefits are specifically for that age group. Clinical research in Pediatric Dentistry is not an exception...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Enrique Bimstein
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence by site and tooth of aggressive periodontists (AP) in primary teeth of children with AP, that will facilitate the early diagnosis of AP. STUDY DESIGN: Radiographic evidence of AP by tooth and site of primary teeth of 29 children with AP was analyzed by gender, ethnicity, type of dentition (primary or mixed), alveolar bone site and type of tooth. RESULTS: The range and mean ± standard error of number of sites and teeth per patient with AP were 4 to 28, 13...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shilpy Singla, Ritika Malhotra, N D Shashikiran, Sudhanshu Saxena
BACKGROUND: Pomegranate, Grape seed and Guava extracts have much been reviewed in Ayurveda and has been proven to have antibacterial action Aim: The objective of the study is to investigate and compare the mouthwash prepared from pomegranate, grape seed and guava extracts on salivary streptococci levels at the end of 48 hr and 7 days, of twice a day usage. STUDY DESIGN: 40 school going children aged 8-10 yrs, randomly allocated into 4 groups (n=10 for experimental group) were asked to rinse with a) Mouthwash prepared from Pomegranate extract, 15 ml twice a day b) Mouthwash prepared from Grape seed extract, 15 ml twice a day, c) Mouthwash prepared from guava extract, 15 ml twice a day, d) Control-Distil water, twice a day...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Karina Miller, Tina Treloar, Marcio Guelmann, Wellington Rody, Luciana M Shaddox
OBJECTIVES: Due to the low prevalence of localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP), clinical characteristics of LAP in primary dentition are derived from a few case reports/series in the literature. The goal of this study was to determine common clinical characteristics such as bone and root resorption patterns, in a series of cases with LAP in primary dentition. We hypothesize these cases present aggressive periodontal bone destruction starting mostly around first primary molars and atypical root resorption patterns...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nilaya Reddy Venumbaka, Porselvi Baskaran, Jayanthi Mungara, Madhan Chenchugopal, Arun Elangovan, Poornima Vijayakumar
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the apical extrusion of irrigant and depth of irrigant penetration into the dentinal tubules using the EndoVac irrigating system and the manual irrigation system in primary molar teeth. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty five extracted primary molars satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into two groups of 29 roots in each group with an equal distribution of apical foramen area. The teeth were mounted in pre-weighed glass bottles and the canals were irrigated with both the irrigating systems using 5...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Karine Takahashi, Robson Frederico Cunha, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Junior
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal diseases are among the leading causes of premature tooth loss in adults, but the microbiota associated with this problem is established over time in childhood. AIM: This longitudinal study aimed to verify the occurrence of periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of children aged six, twelve, eighteen and twenty-four months through PCR quantification, correlating them with the oral microbiota of their mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Saliva and oral biofilm samples were collected from mothers and children by using sterilized paper points...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Fadi Said, Moti Moskovitz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of calcium hydroxide as a root canal dressing material on dentin microtensile fracture strength in human primary teeth in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty primary anterior teeth with root canals packed with calcium hydroxide were divided into groups of ten and immersed in saline at room temperature for 7, 30 and 90 days. Ten teeth with root canals filled with sterile saline were the control group. Microtensile fracture strength was measured in Mechanical tester Lloyd testing machine...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Punya Sekhri, Meera Sandhu, Vinod Sachdev, Radhika Chopra
OBJECTIVE: Composition of saliva plays an important role in defining the dental caries risk for an individual. The role of trace elements present in saliva on dental caries is still not clear. Thus this study was designed to evaluate the effect of certain salivary trace elements like copper, potassium, fluoride, selenium and lead on the caries experience of children. STUDY DESIGN: 60 subjects in the age group of 3-15 years were selected and divided into two groups, caries active and caries free...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
B Buldur
PURPOSE: The aim of this qualitative study was to identify the conceptions of dentists and dental students (DSs) about pediatric dental patients (PDPs) using metaphor analysis. STUDY DESIGN: The study group (N = 259) consisted of dentists and DSs. Participants completed the sentence "A pediatric dental patient is like ... because …..." in order to reveal the metaphors they use about the concept of PDPs. The data were analyzed using the mixed-methods: qualitative (metaphor analysis) and quantitative (chi-square) data analysis techniques...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Marco Aurelio Peres, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, William Murray Thomson, Flávio Fernando Demarco
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the prevalence, extent, buccal distribution and associated factors involving enamel defects in Brazilian schoolchildren. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study using a multistage cluster random sample of 1,206 8-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren was carried out in Pelotas, Brazil. The prevalence of enamel defects in the permanent dentition was determined using the modified Developmental Defects of Enamel index (DDE). Sociodemographic and health data were collected from their mothers using a semi-structured questionnaire...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Chidambaram Ramasamy
Oral physicians frequently encounter medically compromised patients in their everyday practice and a sizable number of these patients are in urgent need of specialized care. One such medically specialized category is that of patients suffering from hydrocephalus. A large number of medical reports and citations in support of surgical care of the hydrocephalic disorder are available in literature. However, reports on dental studies offer contradictory statements on the relationship between hydrocephalic shunts and oral manoeuvres...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Antonio Gracco, Giovanni Bruno, Alberto de Stefani, Rosario Marchese Ragona, Sergio Mazzoleni, Edoardo Stellini
An eight-years-old girl showed a restless sleep with snoring and severe apnea episodes, a mandibular retrognathia, mouth breathing, maxillary transverse discrepancy, mandibular transverse discrepancy, moderate crowding and anterior open-bite. The CBCT showed an anterior collapse of the epiglottis. The treatment consisted in a rapid palatal expansion, an epiglottoplasty and a reduction of the tongue base. Polysomnography revealed that apnea-hypopnea index improved from 21,8 episodes/hr at the baseline to 0,6 episodes/hr, average oxygen saturation from 96,5% to 98,1%, oxygen desaturation events from 23,4 episodes/hr to 1/hr...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
A Kapur, H S Chawla, A Utreja, A Goyal
Pediatric dentists are often the first ones to be consulted for the presence of an anterior cross bite in the primary dentition. The condition requires an early interception to avoid progressive dentoalveolar and skeletal changes. The management, however, poses unique challenges in terms of young age of the child, correct choice of appliance and unpredictability of the response to treatment due to inability to ascertain the inherent growth potential. It is very important therefore for the specialist, to be able to recognize the early signs of a developing class III malocclusion tendency and also know the basic details of successful management of such cases...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sigalit Blumer, Tal Ratson, Benjamin Peretz, Nurit Dagon
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the attitudes of Israeli parents towards caries preventive measures. STUDY DESIGN: participating parents completed a 21-item questionnaire on their demographics, dental history, attitudes and satisfaction from fluorides and fissure sealants. RESULTS: One hundred parents (average age 41.62±4.9 years, 85 females) participated. Most of the parents (88% of the mothers and 84% of the fathers) had an academic education...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Osama Safwat, Mona Elkateb, Karin Dowidar, Hala Abdel Salam, Omar El Meligy
AIM: To assess the microbial effect of ozone gas on dentinal lesions in young permanent molars using the stepwise excavation. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental, controlled clinical trial was performed. The sample included 80 immature first permanent molars, showing deep occlusal carious cavities that were indicated for stepwise excavation. Following first step of dentin excavation, the sample was divided into test (ozone gas) and control (calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) base material) groups...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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