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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289371/preemptive-analgesia-by-paracetamol-ibuprofen-or-placebo-in-pediatric-dental-care-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Johnny Kharouba, Tal Ratson, Mostafa Somri, Sigalit Blumer
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative pain among children who received an oral dose of paracetamol, ibuprofen or a placebo, prior to tooth extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty minutes prior to dental treatment, children received a liquid dosage, fruit flavored and orange colored, of paracetamol, ibuprofen, or a placebo. Data accessed included children's dental history, their behavior, and their feeling of pain or anxiety according to Wong-Baker FACES: before treatment, following local anesthesia, and following treatment...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289370/oral-manifestations-of-autoimmune-neutropenia-a-case-report
#2
Carly C Dixon, Francesca J Thomson, Siobhan M Barry
Autoimmune neutropenia is a self-limiting condition characterized by the presence of granulocyte-specific autoantibodies. This case report describes a 2-year-old female who presented to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a history of oral ulceration, complicated by high temperature, gingival hypertrophy and gingival hemorrhage. These symptoms had precipitated an admission to a district general hospital and diagnosis of viral tonsillitis. The severity of the presentation to the Pediatric Dental Department prompted a review of recent discharge blood investigations, which revealed a neutrophil count of 0...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289369/titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-and-cetylpyridinium-chloride-enriched-glass-ionomer-restorative-cement-a-comparative-study-assessing-compressive-strength-and-antibacterial-activity
#3
Nida Hamid, Ravishankar Lingesha Telgi, Amit Tirth, Vaibhav Tandon, Smita Chandra, Rupesh Kumar Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the addition of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanoparticles and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) on the compressive strength and antibacterial activity of conventional glass-ionomer cement (GIC). STUDY DESIGN: TiO2 nanoparticles enriched GIC was prepared by adding 3% TiO2 nanoparticles (w/w) into the powder component of conventional GIC. CPC containing GIC was developed by incorporating 1% CPC (w/w) into conventional GIC powder. Samples were segregated into three groups: GIC with 3% TiO2 nanoparticles, GIC with 1% CPC and unmodified conventional GIC...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289368/fluoride-intake-of-infants-from-formula
#4
Claudia X Harriehausen, Fehmida Z Dosani, Brett T Chiquet, Michelle S Barratt, Ryan L Quock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess fluoride intake in infants from formula reconstituted with water, with fluorosis risk in mind. STUDY DESIGN: Data on water source, formula brand/type, volume of formula consumption and infant weight were collected for infants at two-, four-, six-, nine- and twelve-month pediatrician well child visits. Identified formula brands and water types were reconstituted and analyzed for fluoride concentration. Patient body mass and volume consumed/day were used to estimate fluoride intake from reconstituted formula...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289367/posterior-available-space-for-uprighting-horizontally-impacted-mandibular-second-molars-using-orthodontic-microimplant-anchorage
#5
Ki-Jun Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Mi-Jung Kim, Hong-Ik Jang, Jong-Moon Chae
Treatment of horizontally and deeply impacted mandibular molars is challenging for both orthodontists and oral surgeons because of the limited access and anchorage control. We report on two patients who had horizontally and mesially impacted mandibular second molars (MM2s). Both patients were treated by a surgical orthodontic approach, and the crowns of the impacted teeth were brought into the arches by closed forced eruption. Mesially impacted MM2s were uprighted with orthodontic microimplants, inserted in the retromolar area, and then moved into their ideal position...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289366/salivary-factors-related-to-caries-in-children-with-autism
#6
M C Morales-Chávez, M Villarroel-Dorrego, V Salas
Many predisposing factors to caries are present in autism, however, it is unlikely that autistic patients exhibit higher caries indexes than the rest of the population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate salivary factors related to caries in autistic patients. STUDY DESIGN: 34 autistics and 34 controls aged between 4-13 years old were included. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and oral hygiene simplified index (IHO-S) were assessed, as well as, pH, total proteins, phosphate, calcium and IgA in saliva...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289365/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-formocresol-and-chloramphenicol-tetracycline-and-zinc-oxide-eugenol-antibiotic-paste-in-primary-teeth-pulpotomies-24-month-follow-up
#7
Jesús Luengo-Fereira, Sergio Ayala-Jiménez, Luz Elena Carlos-Medrano, Iovanna Toscano-García, Minerva Anaya-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the effectiveness of formocresol and the antibiotic paste CTZ (chloramphenicol, tetracycline and zinc oxide-eugenol) in primary teeth pulpotomies, during a 6, 12 and 24 month period. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 80 pulpotomies were performed in 58 patients between three and six years of age. The patients were selected and assigned to two groups: Group I Formocresol (FC, n=40), Group II chloramphenicol-tetracycline-zinc oxide eugenol (CTZ, n=40)...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289364/profiles-of-trauma-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-of-children-and-adolescents
#8
Jackeline Nogueira de Paula Barros, Thayssa Augusto Assis de Araújo, Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Michele Machado Lenzi, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Lucianne Cople Maia
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the dental trauma profile in primary and permanent teeth from patients between 0 and 15 years old who attended the Faculty of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Data regarding gender, age, trauma classification, tooth type, and affected tissues were obtained from dental records. The data were analyzed descriptively and by the χ2 test (p < 0.05). Data associated with 333 traumatized teeth (70% primary and 30% permanent teeth) were included. The mean ages of children with affected primary and permanent teeth were 3...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085878/ameloblastic-fibro-odontoma-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Scott M Peters, Michele S Bergen, Elizabeth M Philipone, Angela J Yoon
Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a rare benign odontogenic tumor with the histologic features of ameloblastic fibroma (AF) but also contains enamel and dentin. It is most commonly observed in the pediatric population. Distinction between AFO and AF becomes important as ameloblastic fibromas are associated with higher recurrence rates of up to 18%, and 35% of these recurrent lesions can undergo malignant transformation to ameloblastic fibrosarcoma. Hence, for amelobastic fibroma, conservative curettage is recommended for the initial lesion and marginal resection is considered for recurrent cases...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085877/deproteinization-effectiveness-on-occlusal-enamel-surfaces-and-resultant-acid-etching-patterns-an-in-vitro-study
#10
R Valencia, R Espinosa, N Borovoy, S Pérez, I Ceja, M Saadia
PURPOSE: The goal of this in vitro study was to identify whether occlusal enamel deproteinization is effective in the removal of organic material in order to obtain quality etching patterns using phosphoric acid (H3 PO4 ) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) compared to phosphoric acid alone. STUDY DESIGN: Nine extracted third permanent molars were polished with pumice and water. Every pit and fissure was evaluated as a unit, resulting in 40 individual units and then these were divided into five treatment groups...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085876/combined-effect-of-enamel-deproteinization-and-intermediate-bonding-in-the-retention-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants-in-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Rishika, Nishita Garg, Sandeep Singh Mayall, Lumbini Pathivada, Ramakrishna Yeluri
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shows if enamel deproteinization along with an intermediate layer of bonding enhances the retention of pit and fissure sealants.. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred six mandibular first permanent molars were allocated to Group I (n=103) and Group II (n=103). Group I underwent deproteinization, acid etching, bonding agent application and pit & fissure sealant placement while Group II treated with acid etching followed by pit & fissure sealant application only...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085875/salivary-flow-rate-ph-buffering-capacity-total-protein-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-children-with-and-without-dental-caries
#12
Sudharani A Pyati, R Naveen Kumar, Vinod Kumar, N H Praveen Kumar, K M Parveen Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To measure and compare the levels of salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, total protein, malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) between caries active and caries free children and to study the correlation between the DMFS/dfs score and above salivary parameters in caries active children. STUDY DESIGN: 50 caries active (DMFS/dfs ≥ 5) and 50 caries free (DMFS/dfs = 0) children aged between 6 to 12 years were included in the study...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085874/human-primary-tooth-histology-six-months-after-treatment-with-silver-diamine-fluoride
#13
Enrique Bimstein, Douglas Damm
OBJECTIVE: To describe the histological characteristics of a human primary tooth with deep caries next to the dental pulp 6 months after being treated with silver diamine fluoride (SDF). STUDY DESIGN: A tooth that was considered to be not restorable 6 months after being treated with SDF was examined with light microscopy. RESULTS: the histologic examination revealed no carious pulp exposure, tertiary dentin, a flattened odontoblastic layer adjacent to irregular tertiary dentin, dentinal tubules with silver deposits to a depth of 1 mm and no bacteria, and a pulp with no significant inflammation...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085873/all-tied-up-influences-of-oral-frenulae-on-breastfeeding-and-their-recommended-management-strategies
#14
Jilen Patel, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased awareness of the role of the labial and lingual frenulae on a neonate's ability to latch and breastfeed efficiently. This critical review explores the (i) oral physiology of a baby nursing (ii) factors that can decrease a baby's ability to nurse efficiently, the problems these cause and their management and the (iii) relation between poor nursing efficacy and the risk of early childhood caries (ECC) Study design: An expansive search of the literature was performed using four electronic databases...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085872/oxygen-saturation-and-pulse-rate-change-in-children-during-sedation-with-oral-midazolam-and-nitrous-oxide
#15
Sigalit Blumer, Rabea Iraqi, Roly Bercovich, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine if changes in oxygen saturation and pulse rate of pediatric patients during conscious sedation with midazolam and nitrous oxide are associated with child's behavior, midazolam dose, the type and duration of the treatment and demographic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective chart review of consecutive pediatric patients, aged 2.5-12.5 years, who had undergone conscious sedation for dental treatment with oral midazolam (with or without nitrous oxide) between January 2011 and September 2015 at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Tel Aviv University...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085871/modified-surgical-stent-for-accurate-tad-placement
#16
Masamitsu Takahashi, Jae Hyun Park, Satoshi Uzuka, Kiyoshi Tai
The development of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) has allowed for the creation of anchorage in situations where there once was none. Many studies have suggested that the most significant cause of miniscrew failure is insufficient distance between the surface of a root and the miniscrew. In order to reduce the miniscrew failure rate, a modified surgical stent has been shown to not only increase TAD insertion accuracy but also to increase TAD success rates.
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085870/parents-perceptions-of-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-their-autistic-children-in-iran
#17
Neda Eslami, Taraneh Movahed, Masoumeh Asadi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate parents' perception of the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of autistic children in Iran, and to determine the quality of life of their families in relation to child' oral health status. STUDY DESIGN: 70 families with at least one child with autism, and 70 families with normal children were enrolled. Parents' perceptions of the OHRQoL of children were assessed using pre-validated PedsQL oral health scale questionnaire...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085869/evaluation-of-skeletal-and-dental-effects-of-lower-lingual-arches
#18
Volkan Ciftci, Aslıhan Uzel, Muharrem Cem Dogan
OBJECTIVE: A lower lingual arch is usually recommended as a holding device to maintain arch length and to prevent mesial migration of the mandibular first molars. Despite its widespread use, comparatively little is known about the effects of a lower lingual holding arch on preservation of lower arch dimensions and tooth position and the impact of the device on mandibular growth. The aim of this study is to evaluate the skeletal and dental effects of the lower lingual holding arch with regard to arch dimension, positions of mandibular molars and incisors, and usual mandibular growth...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085868/identification-of-preferred-healthy-weight-counseling-approaches-for-children-in-the-dental-setting
#19
Jiasheng D Guo, William F Vann, Jessica Y Lee, Michael W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: There is a gap in the literature regarding optimal methods for the dental team to help address the childhood obesity epidemic; accordingly, this investigation sought to identify preferred communication approaches the dental team can rely upon to initiate dialogue with caregivers regarding the weight of their children. STUDY DESIGN: A structured interview guide containing seven potential Healthy Weight Counseling (HWC) approaches and eight follow up questions was developed, pilot-tested, revised and utilized as a structured interview guide...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085867/efficacy-of-a-pre-fabricated-myofunctional-appliance-for-the-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-preliminary-report
#20
Luca Levrini, Giussepa Sara Salone, German O Ramirez-Yanez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the Myobrace/MyOSA myofunctional appliance for the treatment of mild to moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) in children, by means of the Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI). STUDY DESIGN: Nine children with a diagnosis of mild to moderate OSA were included in the study. The subjects wore the Myobrace/MyOSA myofunctional appliance for a period of 90 days. The initial AHI, determined by means of a sleep test, was used as baseline (To), and a second AHI, computed at the end of the experimental period, was used as final data (T1 )...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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