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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052217/prevalence-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-in-mexican-children
#1
Brenda Jaime Gurrusquieta, Victor Manuel Mendoza Núñez, María Lilia Adriana Juárez López
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 1156 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years, living in Mexico City. A previously standardised examiner (k = 0.79) applied the diagnostic criteria for MIH from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Children's parents completed a questionnaire about medical conditions in the perinatal period and the first 3 years of their children's lives...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052216/pattern-of-hydroxyapatite-crystal-growth-on-bleached-enamel-following-the-application-of-two-antioxidants-an-atomic-force-microscope-study
#2
Chitra P Bhusari, Divya S Sharma
OBJECTIVES: This study observed the topographical pattern of hydroxyapatite deposition and growth (D&G) on bleached enamel following application of two antioxidants (sodium ascorbate and catalase) using atomic force microscope. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty enamel specimens (4×3×2mm), prepared from extracted impacted third molars, were mounted in self-cure acrylic and randomly grouped as: Group I-untreated; Group II- 35%H2O2; Group III- 35%H2O2 + artificial saliva; Group IV- 35%H2O2 + catalase+ artificial saliva; Group V- 35%H2O2 + sodium ascorbate+ artificial saliva...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052215/volumetric-evaluation-of-different-obturation-techniques-in-primary-teeth-using-spiral-computed-tomography
#3
N B Nagaveni, Sneha Yadav, P Poornima, Vv Subba Reddy, N M Roshan
BACKGROUND: Various obturation techniques have been evaluated for better filling of the root canals in primary teeth using different methods. Spiral Computed Tomography (SCT) is a new revolution in the pediatric endodontics for assessment of quality of the obturation from 3 dimensions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficiency of 5 different obturation methods in delivering the filling material into the canals of primary teeth using Spiral Computed Tomography scan...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052214/effect-of-silver-nanoparticle-added-pit-and-fissure-sealant-in-the-prevention-of-dental-caries-in-children
#4
Enid Karina Salas-López, Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez, Juan Francisco Hernández-Sierra, Facundo Ruíz, Peter Mandeville, Amaury J Pozos-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of pit and fissure sealant mixed with silver nanoparticles on dental caries, by means of monthly measurement of fluorescence with DIAGNOdent over six months. STUDY DESIGN: This study was divided in two phases: experimental and clinical. In the experimental phase, the adhesion and microleakage of the pit and fissure sealant experiment were evaluated. Two groups of 10 teeth, without serious carious lesions, were included...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052213/children-s-responses-to-sensory-stimuli-and-their-behavior-in-the-dental-office
#5
Sagit Nissan, Aviva Yochman, Sigalit Blumer, Johnny Kharouba, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate children's behavior during dental examinations, their reactions to various selected sensory stimuli and the association between them. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-three children (28 boys and 35 girls) aged 5-12 years (mean age 7.9 ± 1.6 years) participated in the study. Their parents were asked to complete a questionnaire while in the dentist's waiting room. The dentists evaluated the children's behavior in the dental office using Frankl's behavioral scale and noted the children's reactions to the sensory stimuli of touch, noise, smell and backward tilting of the examination chair...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052212/caries-prevalence-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2000-to-2012
#6
Ah-Hyeon Kim, Youn-Soo Shim, Jong-Bin Kim, So-Youn An
OBJECTIVES: National oral health data is required to assess a population's oral health needs, monitor oral health, plan effective intervention community programs and health policies, and evaluate progress toward health objectives. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence, severity, and inequality in dental caries distribution among Korean young people. STUDY DESIGN: Trained, calibrated examiners at the Korea Ministry of Health & Welfare conducted epidemiological surveys in 2000, 2006, and 2012 during which dental caries were assessed according to World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052211/cpp-acp-effect-on-dental-plaque-acidity-after-water-rinsing-following-topical-fluoride-therapy
#7
Mazhari Fatemeh, Sharifi Marjan, Noorollahian Homa, Sharifi Mahsa
OBJECTIVES: There is some evidence that water rinsing immediately after topical fluoride therapy has the potential to reduce the effectiveness of fluoride. The aim was to determine if covering fluoridated teeth with a layer of mousse containing CPP-ACP could prevent the adverse effect of rinsing on fluoride and consequently its buffering effect on dental plaque pH during cariogenic challenge. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized, controlled, crossover, in situ study was conducted on 25 participants...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052210/joubert-plus-syndrome-with-self-mutilation-a-case-report
#8
Yousr N Mowafy, Nadia A Wahba, Aly A Sharaf
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a very rare condition with dismal prognosis. It is characterized by several abnormalities including molar tooth sign on MRI. When coupled with mega cisterna magna- a feature of the Dandy Walker syndrome- it is categorized as Joubert plus syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 16 month old male child with Joubert syndrome was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Department Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry Alexandria University, complaining of severe tongue and lower lip injury due to self-mutilation...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052209/a-smaller-percent-of-hispanic-children-have-special-health-care-needs-is-that-possible
#9
H Barry Waldman, Allen Wong, Jorge E Rojas, Steven P Perlman
The results from latest study of children with special health care needs indicate at the national and state levels that (except for Asian children) the proportion of Hispanic children with special needs is less than for other child populations. A review of a series of associated factors raises questions of the validity of these general national and state findings. The significant projected increases in the Hispanic population during the next decades points to the necessity of reconsidering the recent survey findings in light of what could be continued increases in the numbers of youngsters with special health care needs and the evolving family cultural adaptation, education and employment opportunities...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052208/microleakage-evaluation-of-composite-restorations-following-papain-based-chemo-mechanical-caries-removal-in-primary-teeth
#10
Marwa Abdel Hafez, Mona Elkateb, Sonia El Shabrawy, Amel Mahmoud, Omar El Meligy
AIM: To evaluate the microleakage of composite restorations following Papain-based chemo-mechanical caries removal compared to the conventional drilling method. The characteristic of the hybrid layer was also studied using scanning electron microscopy. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included thirty freshly extracted and exfoliated primary molars with open proximal carious dentin lesions. Teeth were divided into two equal groups, according to method of caries removal. Following caries removal, cavity preparations were restored with composite resin...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052207/effects-of-combined-bonded-maxillary-expansion-and-face-mask-on-dental-arch-length-in-patients-with-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusions
#11
Fatma Deniz Uzuner, Duygu Öztürk, Selin Kale Varlık
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of combined rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and face mask (FM) therapy during the mixed dentition period on the dental arch length in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated pre- and post-treatment orthodontic models of 52 patients (25 girls, 27 boys) aged 8-12 years with skeletal Class III malocclusion(ANB<0) accompanied by maxillary transverse deficiency and retrognatism treated by bonded RME-FM therapy for a mean duration of 8 months...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052206/does-addition-of-propolis-to-glass-ionomer-cement-alter-its-physicomechanical-properties-an-in-vitro-study
#12
P Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, G Neeraja, S Pillai
: Propolis is a natural resinous substance produced by honey bees. The antimicrobial effects of glass ionomer cement have been shown to improve with the addition of propolis; however its effect on the physicomechanical properties of the cement is not known. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the compressive strength and solubility of conventional restorative glass ionomer cement following the addition of propolis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty half cylindrical samples were prepared with conventional restorative glass ionomer cement formed the control group...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052205/salivary-alkaline-phosphatase-as-a-noninvasive-marker-for-periodontal-disease-in-children-with-uncontrolled-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Srirangarajan Sridharan, Paruchuri Sravani, Aparna Satyanarayan, K Kiran, Varun Shetty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether salivary alkaline phosphatase levels can be a non invasive marker for early inflammatory periodontal disease in children with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes mellitus. STUDY DESIGN: 10 healthy children (group 1), 10 children with recently diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus (group 2) and 10 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus for more than 4 years (group 3) were recruited for the study. All three groups were matched for age, gender and socioeconomic status...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052204/dental-anomalies-in-permanent-teeth-after-trauma-in-primary-dentition
#14
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Stefania Pasini, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the prevalence of dental anomalies in permanent teeth as a result of a trauma concerning the predecessor primary teeth. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 241 records of children (118 males and 123 females, mean age 3.62 ± 1.40) affected by trauma on primary teeth were analyzed. All patients were recalled to evaluate the status of the permanent successor teeth by clinical and radiographic investigations. RESULTS: Out of 241 patients, 106 patients (for a total of 179 traumatized primary teeth) presented at the recall...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805895/dentin-topographic-features-following-chemomechanical-caries-removal-in-primary-teeth
#15
R M Kotb, M A Elkateb, A M Ahmed, K Y Kawana, O A El Meligy
AIM: Study the topographic features of dentin after caries removal with a chemomechanical agent (Papacarie) compared with the conventional drilling method. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included 7 exfoliated and extracted primary teeth with carious dentin lesions, not reaching the pulp. Each tooth was sectioned longitudinally through the center of the carious lesions into two halves. The teeth were then divided into two groups according to the method of caries removal...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805894/odontoblastic-cell-quantification-and-apoptosis-within-pulp-of-deciduous-teeth-versus-pulp-of-permanent-teeth
#16
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Amerigo Santoro, Giulio Conti, Giovanna Orsini, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVE: While the odontoblast ability to respond to injury in permanent teeth (PT) is well established, there is a lack of knowledge about deciduous teeth (DT). Aim of this study was to compare the odontoblasts activity within the pulp of DT versus the pulp of PT. STUDY DESIGN: Dental pulp was obtained from forty-two DT and twenty-seven PT extracted from sixty-five patients (aged 6-16 years). Histomorphometry was carried out and the quantification of odontoblastic layer was assessed...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805893/hypophosphatasia-evaluation-of-size-and-mineral-density-of-exfoliated-teeth
#17
S Hayashi-Sakai, N Numa-Kinjoh, M Sakamoto, J Sakai, J Matsuyama, T Mitomi, T Sano-Asahito, S Kinoshita-Kawano
OBJECTIVE: Most cases of hypophosphatasia (HPP) exhibit early loss of primary teeth. Results of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis of teeth with HPP have not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to describe the size and mineral density distribution and mapping of exfoliated teeth with HPP using micro CT. STUDY DESIGN: Seven exfoliated teeth were obtained from a patient with HPP. Exfoliated teeth sizes were measured on micro CT images and mineral densities of the mandibular primary central incisors were determined...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805892/relationship-between-child-and-parental-dental-anxiety-with-child-s-psychological-functioning-and-behavior-during-the-administration-of-local-anesthesia
#18
Boka Vasiliki, Arapostathis Konstantinos, Kotsanos Nikolaos, Karagiannis Vassilis, van Loveren Cor, Veerkamp Jaap
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine: 1) the relationship between children's psychological functioning, dental anxiety and cooperative behavior before and during local anesthesia, 2) the relationship of parental dental anxiety with all the above child characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: There was a convenient sample of 100 children (4-12 years). Child dental anxiety and psychological functioning were measured using the "Children's Fear Survey Schedule" (CFSS-DS) and the "Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire" (SDQ) respectively...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805891/the-role-of-feeding-practices-as-a-determinant-of-the-pufa-index-in-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#19
K Gandeeban, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of untreated dental caries among young children (aged <6 years) with early childhood caries (ECC) using the pufa index and to examine the relationship between caries and feeding practices. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of children with ECC was undertaken in two stages: a questionnaire survey based on interviews and an intraoral examination using the defs and pufa indices. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of untreated dental caries in our sample of 238 ECC-affected children was 72...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805890/dental-treatment-needs-among-children-and-adolescents-residing-in-an-ugandan-orphanage
#20
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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