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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

Akif Demirel, Şaziye Sarı
OBJECTIVE: Persistent primary teeth with healthy crown-root structures and acceptable functional and esthetic properties may be preserved over a long-term period if needed. However, they may experience root resorption, ankylosis or infraocclusion especially in the second or third decades of life. Despite a lack of sufficient detailed data, increases in occlusal forces by age are known to cause destructive stresses on root surfaces and periodontal tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of increasing occlusal forces on mandibular persistent primary molars by using 3D finite element analysis...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Traci Saito, Jae Hyun Park, Curt Bay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of white spot lesions (WSLs) in various practice settings and patient populations, and to gather information about the treatment timing and modalities used by pediatric dentists in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: A fourteen question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed and distributed to 6,092 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members. RESULTS: A total of 625 active members responded, garnering a 9...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Divya S Sharma, Shikha Mishra, Naveen Reddy Banda, Sneha Vaswani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test a customized pulse oximeter (CPO) for evaluation of pulp vitality in primary and permanent teeth against clinical diagnosis (vital and untreated non-vital) in order to expand its clinical use for pulp preservation. STUDY DESIGN: CPO was evaluated on intact primary and permanent central or lateral incisor (CI, LI) teeth- vital (group 1, 20n each); untreated non-vital (group 2, 10n each) and; root filled non-vital (group 3, 10n each) of children 4-12 years according to inclusion/exclusion criteria...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juan Carlos Flores-Arriaga, Marc Saadia, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
A case report is a useful type of publication to describe information on unusual clinical diseases or syndromes, new management techniques, potential risk factors/oral disease associations, and uncommon side effects or responses to traditional dental treatments. In the practice of Dentistry and Medicine, the publication of case reports has the purpose of sharing new clinical experiences and knowledge with interested colleagues. Case reports in the field of Evidence-Based Pediatric Dentistry convey unique contributions to the clinical practice and help improve the process of clinical decision making in the form of a brief written communication...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Johnny Kharouba, Tal Ratson, Mostafa Somri, Sigalit Blumer
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative pain among children who received an oral dose of paracetamol, ibuprofen or a placebo, prior to tooth extractions. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty minutes prior to dental treatment, children received a liquid dosage, fruit flavored and orange colored, of paracetamol, ibuprofen, or a placebo. Data accessed included children's dental history, their behavior, and their feeling of pain or anxiety according to Wong-Baker FACES: before treatment, following local anesthesia, and following treatment...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Carly C Dixon, Francesca J Thomson, Siobhan M Barry
Autoimmune neutropenia is a self-limiting condition characterized by the presence of granulocyte-specific autoantibodies. This case report describes a 2-year-old female who presented to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a history of oral ulceration, complicated by high temperature, gingival hypertrophy and gingival hemorrhage. These symptoms had precipitated an admission to a district general hospital and diagnosis of viral tonsillitis. The severity of the presentation to the Pediatric Dental Department prompted a review of recent discharge blood investigations, which revealed a neutrophil count of 0...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Nida Hamid, Ravishankar Lingesha Telgi, Amit Tirth, Vaibhav Tandon, Smita Chandra, Rupesh Kumar Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the addition of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanoparticles and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) on the compressive strength and antibacterial activity of conventional glass-ionomer cement (GIC). STUDY DESIGN: TiO2 nanoparticles enriched GIC was prepared by adding 3% TiO2 nanoparticles (w/w) into the powder component of conventional GIC. CPC containing GIC was developed by incorporating 1% CPC (w/w) into conventional GIC powder. Samples were segregated into three groups: GIC with 3% TiO2 nanoparticles, GIC with 1% CPC and unmodified conventional GIC...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Claudia X Harriehausen, Fehmida Z Dosani, Brett T Chiquet, Michelle S Barratt, Ryan L Quock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess fluoride intake in infants from formula reconstituted with water, with fluorosis risk in mind. STUDY DESIGN: Data on water source, formula brand/type, volume of formula consumption and infant weight were collected for infants at two-, four-, six-, nine- and twelve-month pediatrician well child visits. Identified formula brands and water types were reconstituted and analyzed for fluoride concentration. Patient body mass and volume consumed/day were used to estimate fluoride intake from reconstituted formula...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ki-Jun Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Mi-Jung Kim, Hong-Ik Jang, Jong-Moon Chae
Treatment of horizontally and deeply impacted mandibular molars is challenging for both orthodontists and oral surgeons because of the limited access and anchorage control. We report on two patients who had horizontally and mesially impacted mandibular second molars (MM2s). Both patients were treated by a surgical orthodontic approach, and the crowns of the impacted teeth were brought into the arches by closed forced eruption. Mesially impacted MM2s were uprighted with orthodontic microimplants, inserted in the retromolar area, and then moved into their ideal position...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
M C Morales-Chávez, M Villarroel-Dorrego, V Salas
Many predisposing factors to caries are present in autism, however, it is unlikely that autistic patients exhibit higher caries indexes than the rest of the population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate salivary factors related to caries in autistic patients. STUDY DESIGN: 34 autistics and 34 controls aged between 4-13 years old were included. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and oral hygiene simplified index (IHO-S) were assessed, as well as, pH, total proteins, phosphate, calcium and IgA in saliva...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Jesús Luengo-Fereira, Sergio Ayala-Jiménez, Luz Elena Carlos-Medrano, Iovanna Toscano-García, Minerva Anaya-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate clinically and radiographically the effectiveness of formocresol and the antibiotic paste CTZ (chloramphenicol, tetracycline and zinc oxide-eugenol) in primary teeth pulpotomies, during a 6, 12 and 24 month period. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 80 pulpotomies were performed in 58 patients between three and six years of age. The patients were selected and assigned to two groups: Group I Formocresol (FC, n=40), Group II chloramphenicol-tetracycline-zinc oxide eugenol (CTZ, n=40)...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Jackeline Nogueira de Paula Barros, Thayssa Augusto Assis de Araújo, Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Michele Machado Lenzi, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Lucianne Cople Maia
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the dental trauma profile in primary and permanent teeth from patients between 0 and 15 years old who attended the Faculty of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Data regarding gender, age, trauma classification, tooth type, and affected tissues were obtained from dental records. The data were analyzed descriptively and by the χ2 test (p < 0.05). Data associated with 333 traumatized teeth (70% primary and 30% permanent teeth) were included. The mean ages of children with affected primary and permanent teeth were 3...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Jin-Myoung Jang, Je Seon Song, Jae-Ho Lee, Hyung-Jun Choi, Seong-Oh Kim
An ankylosed primary molar may cause rotation or ectopic impaction of succedaneous premolar. When conventional treatment modalities such as observation, surgical exposure with or without orthodontic traction, and autotransplantation are not possible, the simple surgical relocation method could be an alternative treatment option for a lingually rotated premolar during the tooth germ stage before opting to extraction. In the case reported herein, the lingually rotated permanent mandibular second premolar tooth germ was surgically relocated within its bony crypt...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Scott M Peters, Michele S Bergen, Elizabeth M Philipone, Angela J Yoon
Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) is a rare benign odontogenic tumor with the histologic features of ameloblastic fibroma (AF) but also contains enamel and dentin. It is most commonly observed in the pediatric population. Distinction between AFO and AF becomes important as ameloblastic fibromas are associated with higher recurrence rates of up to 18%, and 35% of these recurrent lesions can undergo malignant transformation to ameloblastic fibrosarcoma. Hence, for amelobastic fibroma, conservative curettage is recommended for the initial lesion and marginal resection is considered for recurrent cases...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
R Valencia, R Espinosa, N Borovoy, S Pérez, I Ceja, M Saadia
PURPOSE: The goal of this in vitro study was to identify whether occlusal enamel deproteinization is effective in the removal of organic material in order to obtain quality etching patterns using phosphoric acid (H3 PO4 ) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) compared to phosphoric acid alone. STUDY DESIGN: Nine extracted third permanent molars were polished with pumice and water. Every pit and fissure was evaluated as a unit, resulting in 40 individual units and then these were divided into five treatment groups...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Rishika, Nishita Garg, Sandeep Singh Mayall, Lumbini Pathivada, Ramakrishna Yeluri
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shows if enamel deproteinization along with an intermediate layer of bonding enhances the retention of pit and fissure sealants.. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred six mandibular first permanent molars were allocated to Group I (n=103) and Group II (n=103). Group I underwent deproteinization, acid etching, bonding agent application and pit & fissure sealant placement while Group II treated with acid etching followed by pit & fissure sealant application only...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sudharani A Pyati, R Naveen Kumar, Vinod Kumar, N H Praveen Kumar, K M Parveen Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To measure and compare the levels of salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, total protein, malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) between caries active and caries free children and to study the correlation between the DMFS/dfs score and above salivary parameters in caries active children. STUDY DESIGN: 50 caries active (DMFS/dfs ≥ 5) and 50 caries free (DMFS/dfs = 0) children aged between 6 to 12 years were included in the study...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Enrique Bimstein, Douglas Damm
OBJECTIVE: To describe the histological characteristics of a human primary tooth with deep caries next to the dental pulp 6 months after being treated with silver diamine fluoride (SDF). STUDY DESIGN: A tooth that was considered to be not restorable 6 months after being treated with SDF was examined with light microscopy. RESULTS: the histologic examination revealed no carious pulp exposure, tertiary dentin, a flattened odontoblastic layer adjacent to irregular tertiary dentin, dentinal tubules with silver deposits to a depth of 1 mm and no bacteria, and a pulp with no significant inflammation...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Jilen Patel, Robert P Anthonappa, Nigel M King
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increased awareness of the role of the labial and lingual frenulae on a neonate's ability to latch and breastfeed efficiently. This critical review explores the (i) oral physiology of a baby nursing (ii) factors that can decrease a baby's ability to nurse efficiently, the problems these cause and their management and the (iii) relation between poor nursing efficacy and the risk of early childhood caries (ECC) Study design: An expansive search of the literature was performed using four electronic databases...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sigalit Blumer, Rabea Iraqi, Roly Bercovich, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine if changes in oxygen saturation and pulse rate of pediatric patients during conscious sedation with midazolam and nitrous oxide are associated with child's behavior, midazolam dose, the type and duration of the treatment and demographic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective chart review of consecutive pediatric patients, aged 2.5-12.5 years, who had undergone conscious sedation for dental treatment with oral midazolam (with or without nitrous oxide) between January 2011 and September 2015 at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Tel Aviv University...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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