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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

R M Kotb, M A Elkateb, A M Ahmed, K Y Kawana, O A El Meligy
AIM: Study the topographic features of dentin after caries removal with a chemomechanical agent (Papacarie) compared with the conventional drilling method. STUDY DESIGN: The sample included 7 exfoliated and extracted primary teeth with carious dentin lesions, not reaching the pulp. Each tooth was sectioned longitudinally through the center of the carious lesions into two halves. The teeth were then divided into two groups according to the method of caries removal...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Amerigo Santoro, Giulio Conti, Giovanna Orsini, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVE: While the odontoblast ability to respond to injury in permanent teeth (PT) is well established, there is a lack of knowledge about deciduous teeth (DT). Aim of this study was to compare the odontoblasts activity within the pulp of DT versus the pulp of PT. STUDY DESIGN: Dental pulp was obtained from forty-two DT and twenty-seven PT extracted from sixty-five patients (aged 6-16 years). Histomorphometry was carried out and the quantification of odontoblastic layer was assessed...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
S Hayashi-Sakai, N Numa-Kinjoh, M Sakamoto, J Sakai, J Matsuyama, T Mitomi, T Sano-Asahito, S Kinoshita-Kawano
OBJECTIVE: Most cases of hypophosphatasia (HPP) exhibit early loss of primary teeth. Results of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis of teeth with HPP have not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to describe the size and mineral density distribution and mapping of exfoliated teeth with HPP using micro CT. STUDY DESIGN: Seven exfoliated teeth were obtained from a patient with HPP. Exfoliated teeth sizes were measured on micro CT images and mineral densities of the mandibular primary central incisors were determined...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Boka Vasiliki, Arapostathis Konstantinos, Kotsanos Nikolaos, Karagiannis Vassilis, van Loveren Cor, Veerkamp Jaap
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine: 1) the relationship between children's psychological functioning, dental anxiety and cooperative behavior before and during local anesthesia, 2) the relationship of parental dental anxiety with all the above child characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: There was a convenient sample of 100 children (4-12 years). Child dental anxiety and psychological functioning were measured using the "Children's Fear Survey Schedule" (CFSS-DS) and the "Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire" (SDQ) respectively...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
K Gandeeban, M Ramakrishnan, H S Halawany, N B Abraham, V Jacob, S Anil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of untreated dental caries among young children (aged <6 years) with early childhood caries (ECC) using the pufa index and to examine the relationship between caries and feeding practices. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of children with ECC was undertaken in two stages: a questionnaire survey based on interviews and an intraoral examination using the defs and pufa indices. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of untreated dental caries in our sample of 238 ECC-affected children was 72...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ephraim Winocur, Assaf Erez, Ravit Birenboim-Wilensky, Benjamin Peretz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies focused on the dental caries status of East African children and not on their overall dental needs. Urban children consume more sugar-rich foods. OBJECTIVES: To assess overall dental treatment needs of children living in an orphanage in Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: Teeth were diagnosed as needing treatment by obvious frank carious lesions (WHO criteria), temporary fillings, staining, or very deep pit and/or fissures possibly requiring sealants...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ozge Erken Gungor, Alper Kustarci
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 2 NiTi file systems [Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) and Reciproc (RP)] and 2 irrigation techniques [Conventional needle irrigation (CNI) and Laser activated irrigation (LAI)] on the amount of apically extruded debris in primary maxillary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty extracted primary maxillary molars were randomly divided into 4 groups. The mesio-buccal roots of teeth in 4 groups were instrumented using TFA with LAI, RP with LAI, TFA with CNI and RP with CNI respectively...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Siddharth Anand, Updesh Masih, Ramakrishna Yeluri
AIM: If a relation exists between salivary IPHA, buffer capacity and caries experience, then this relationship could be used as screening chair side test for caries risk assessment. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred ninety seven children aged 4 to 6 years were examined. Data was collected by interview and clinical examination. They were divided into low, moderate and high caries experience group of 20 children each. Two ml of each sample was used to measure the pH value with pH meter...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Osama Ibrahim El Shahawy, Anne C O'Connell
AIM: This manuscript describes a simple reliable technique for restoring severely mutilated primary anterior teeth. A rigid glass ionomer post is created over which zirconia crowns can be fitted to achieve a long-term stable esthetic restoration for primary anterior teeth. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 2-5 years with two up to six extensively decayed upper primary incisors were included. Fuji IX was condensed into an intracanal space created to a depth of 3mm, to provide a core which also extended 3mm supragingivally...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Deema J Farsi
Children undergoing cancer therapy encounter a diverse spectrum of oral changes that generally are attributed to immunosuppression and bleeding tendencies caused by the therapeutic agents. Therefore, providing oral health instructions and dental rehabilitation before the initiation of cancer therapy is encouraged. In this article, we discuss the general dental management of pediatric patients with cancer actively undergoing cancer therapy, or for whom it is planned. We also describe the dental rehabilitation performed on a child while he was undergoing chemotherapy for neuroblastoma, using an unconventional approach that varied from the standard management protocol used by King Abdulaziz University Hospital...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Ülkü Şermet Elbay, Mesut Elbay, Emine Kaya, Sinem Yıldırım
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to compare the efficacy, injection pain, duration of soft tissue anesthesia, and postoperative complications of two different anesthetics (2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine and 3% plain mepivacaine) in pediatric patients in inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) administered by a computer-controlled delivery system (CCDS). STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted as a randomized, controlled-crossover, double-blind clinical trial with 60 children requiring bilateral pulpotomy or extraction of primary mandibular molars...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Hugo Plascencia, Álvaro Cruz, Mariana Díaz, Ana Laura Jiménez, Rodrigo Solís, Cesar Bernal
INTRODUCTION: Revascularization/revitalization therapy is considered an alternative procedure for management of teeth with an immature apex and necrotic pulp, mainly when root development is interrupted in the early phases of formation. However, this clinical treatment protocol should be considered a permanent procedure? METHOD: A maxillary central incisor with a previous and successful RR treatment was intentionally filled with a biocompatible material with the periapical tissues due to the patient's lack of adherence to the follow-up protocol...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
D P Pruzansky, J H Park
: Lab appliances are an integral part of orthodontics, from active treatment to retention. The quality and fit of an appliance can affect the treatment result and stability. AIMS: This study aims to determine common points of failure in orthodontic appliances, and suggest methods to reduce this rate. METHODS: A survey consisting of 23 questions was distributed to active members of the American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) via Survey Monkey...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Lindsay Row, Matthew R Repp, Karl Kingsley
: Dental caries remains one of the most common morbidities worldwide, with research focusing on the most prevalent cariogenic bacteria including Streptococcus, Actionmyces and Lactobacillus species. However, recent evidence has begun to reveal novel pathogens that may alter current understanding of caries risk, including the recently discovered Gram-positive bacillus Scardovia wiggsiae. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, cross-sectional study collected saliva from healthy adults and children for DNA isolation and PCR screening (n=149) in order to evaluate the prevalence of this potential oral pathogen...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Kahraman Gungor, Lale Taner, Emine Kaygisiz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of posterior crossbite in different dentition stages in a Turkish sample. STUDY DESIGN: 1554 subjects (843 girls, 711 boys) aged 4-25 years were evaluated to determine the prevalence of posterior crossbite in a Turkish sample. The subjects were classified according to four dentition stages (primary, early mixed, late mixed and permanent) and transversal occlusal status. The statistical evaluation was done by Chi-square, Fischer exact tests...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shafees Koya, Sandeep Shetty, Akhter Husain, Mustafa Khader
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the results of nasoalveolar molding (NAM) in the treatment of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate using a modified technique in a South Indian population. STUDY DESIGN: The design was a prospective study with blinded measurements. The sample constituted 10 complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients who underwent NAM therapy by the same operator. Direct extra and intra oral anthropometric measurements were done using a digital vernier caliper before and after NAM therapy...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Meghna Bajaj, P Poornima, S Praveen, N B Nagaveni, K B Roopa, I E Neena, K P Bharath
OBJECTIVES: To compare CPP-ACP, Tri-calcium phosphate and Hydroxyapatite on remineralization of artificial caries like lesions on primary enamel. STUDY DESIGN: Ten extracted Primary molars coated with nail varnish, leaving a window of 2×4 mm on buccal and lingual surface were immersed in demineralizing solution for 96 hours and sectioned longitudinally to obtain 40 sections (4 sections per tooth) and were randomly divided into 4 groups (A to D) n=10; Group A: negative control, Group B: CPP-ACP, Group C: Tri-calcium phosphate, Group D: Hydroxyapatite...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
P Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, G Neeraja, S Pillai
UNLABELLED: Propolis is a natural resinous substance produced by honey bees. The antimicrobial effects of glass ionomer cement have been shown to improve with the addition of propolis; however its effect on the physicomechanical properties of the cement is not known. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the compressive strength and solubility of conventional restorative glass ionomer cement following the addition of propolis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty half cylindrical samples were prepared with conventional restorative glass ionomer cement formed the control group...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Janet Wt Mah, Phoebe Tsang
OBJECTIVES: A pilot study to test whether a visual schedule system using picture communication symbols can help children with autism have successful routine dental cleaning visits. STUDY DESIGN: 14 boys with autism between three- to eight-years-old presented to the dental clinic for four weekly consecutive dental appointments. Patients were randomly assigned to either the control group who received the tell-show-do method (i.e., standard of care), or the test group who received the tell-show-do method plus the visual schedule system...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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