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Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763357/comparative-evaluation-of-endovac-and-conventional-irrigating-syringe-on-apical-extrusion-in-primary-molars-an-in-vitro-study
#1
Nilaya Reddy Venumbaka, Porselvi Baskaran, Jayanthi Mungara, Madhan Chenchugopal, Arun Elangovan, Poornima Vijayakumar
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the apical extrusion of irrigant and depth of irrigant penetration into dentine using the EndoVac irrigating system and manual irrigation system in primary molar teeth. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty five extracted primary molars satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into two groups with 29 roots in each group with an equal distribution of apical foramen area. The teeth were mounted in pre-weighed glass bottles and the canals were irrigated with 5...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763356/chairside-cad-cam-composite-onlays-for-the-restoration-of-primary-molars
#2
Elisabeth Dursun, Aude Monnier-Da Costa, Christian Moussally
After pulp therapy or with multi-surface caries in primary molars, pre-formed stainless steel crowns are usually placed to ensure tooth longevity. Esthetic alternatives, such as zirconia crowns, have been proposed, but they are invasive. Here we describe two cases of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology used to treat extended and/or deep caries on primary molars. A powder-free chairside CAD/CAM system, a milling unit and machinable high-performance composite blocks were used...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763355/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-young-children-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) was prevalent in Hong Kong. Children with ECC risk should be identified early for prevention. This study aimed to identify common risk factors of ECC in Hong Kong 3-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Sample size calculation showed at least 6,321 of 3-year-old children should be invited in this study. A consent form and a questionnaire enquiring the children's oral health behaviours and social-economic background were distributed to their parents...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763354/randomized-controlled-trial-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-mta-and-formocresol-compared-to-3mixtatin-a-novel-biomaterial
#4
Zahra Jamali, Vajiheh Alavi, Ebrahim Najafpour, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of 3Mixtatin (a combination of simvastatin and 3Mix antibiotic) with MTA and Formocresol for the pulpotomy of primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: 114 children aged 3-6 years old with 150 primary molars were randomly allocated to three groups. MTA, Formocresol or 3Mixtatin were used for Pulpotomies. Hard setting zinc oxide eugenol was used to cover these materials. The teeth were restored with amalgam. Blinded radiographic and clinical examinations were conducted at 6, 12 and 24 months after treatment for the presence of pain, tenderness to palpation and percussion, sinus tract, swelling, presence of internal or external root resorption, inter-radicular radiolucency, and periapical lesion...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763353/effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-on-salivary-cariogenic-bacterial-counts-among-groups-of-preschool-children-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Eman S Almabadi, Eman A El Ashiry, Douaa A El Derwi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli reuteri lozenges on caries-associated salivary bacterial counts (Mutans streptococci and Lactobacillus), dental plaque accumulation, and salivary buffer capacity in a group of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: The study group consisted of 178 healthy children (aged 3-6 years). Children were randomly grouped: the experimental group (n = 90) received L. reuteri probiotic lozenges and the control group (n = 88) received placebo lozenges, twice daily, for 28 days...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763352/pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-tongue-in-a-five-year-old-a-case-report
#6
Scott M Peters, David A Koslovsky, Angela J Yoon, Elizabeth M Philipone
Pyogenic granuloma, also called lobular capillary hemangioma, is a benign vascular lesion of the skin and mucous membranes. While the majority of pyogenic granulomas in the oral cavity involve the gingiva, they also infrequently present at other sites including lips, oral mucosa, palate, and tongue. We report a case of a pyogenic granuloma of the tongue in a five-year old female patient.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763351/concomitant-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-and-maxillomandibular-fusion-in-a-child-with-klippel-feil-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Deepika Pai, Abhay T Kamath, Pushpa Kini, Manish Bhagania, Saurabh Kumar
Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is classically characterized by fusion of any of the two of seven cervical vertebrae. It is identified by the presence of a triad of clinical signs including short neck, limitation of head and neck movements and low posterior hairline. Unusual bony malformations leading to facial asymmetry is the most common oral manifestation associated with KFS. Such maxillomandibular fusion can also result in restricted mouth opening in children. It's a challenge to provide complete rehabilitation in such children...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763350/fluoride-exposure-in-early-life-as-the-possible-root-cause-of-disease-in-later-life
#8
Tetsuo Nakamoto, H Ralph Rawls
Fluoride, one of the most celebrated ingredients for the prevention of dental caries in the 20th century, has also been controversial for its use in dentifrices and other applications. In the current review, we have concentrated primarily on early-life exposure to fluoride and how it may affect the various organs. The most recent controversial aspects of fluoride are related to toxicity of the developing brain and how it may possibly result in the decrease of intelligence quotient (IQ), autism, and calcification of the pineal gland...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763349/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-positive-correlation-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-food-allergies
#9
Miguel Hernandez, Juan Boj, Enric Espasa, Paloma Planells, Benjamin Peretz
AIM: Molar-incisor hypomineralization is a disturbance in dental development that involves first permanent molars as well as permanent incisors with a prevalence that ranges from 2.5% to 40%. The objective of this study was to investigate the etiology of molar-incisor hypomineralization among school children from two randomly selected towns in the province of Barcelona, Spain. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 705 children ranging in age from six years-old to 14 years and 11 months-old...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763348/histological-alterations-from-condyle-repositioning-with-functional-appliances-in-rats
#10
Michiko Nakatsuka, Shunji Kumabe
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the morphological and histological alterations of the condyle of rats undergoing forward mandibular repositioning via functional appliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Functional appliances were mounted onto the upper jaws of rats. Morphological analysis was conducted on micro-CT images of sacrificed animals. Histological changes in condyle were examined by immunohistochemistry using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP-1), interleukin 1b (IL-1β), Aggrecan and Type II collagen...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763347/passive-observer-instruction-on-parental-satisfaction-in-a-dental-setting
#11
Hilma K Rodriguez, Mark S Webman, Oscar Arevalo, Rosie Roldan, Daniel M Saman
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of a single pre-operative instruction given to parents to be a passive observer on satisfaction with their child's dental visit. STUDY DESIGN: Parents of 105 healthy three to nine year-old patients presenting for their first restorative appointment were randomly assigned to the test or control group. The former received an oral instruction at the beginning of the appointment from the treating dentist to be a passive observer while the latter received a mock instruction...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763346/mandibular-condylar-aplasia-treated-with-a-functional-appliance-a-five-years-follow-up
#12
Mejia-Gomez Carlos Mauricio, Ramirez-Yanez German Omar
This report presents a follow up of a clinical case published five years ago by the same authors. In the previous report, the authors showed a young girl treated with a myofunctional appliance due to a mandibular condylar agenesia. After a traditional graft had failed, the patient successfully responded to the functional treatment by forming a mandibular condyle. In this new report, the authors are showing how the mandibular condyle has continued developing within normal limits and, the mandibular ramus has continued positively remodeling...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763345/tissue-engineering-of-necrotic-dental-pulp-of-immature-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis-in-dogs-radiographic-and-histological-evaluation
#13
Eman A El Ashiry, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Mahmoud K El Ashiry, Hagar A Bastawy, Douaa A El Derwi, Hazem M Atta
AIM: To evaluate tissue engineering technology to regenerate pulp-dentin like tissues in pulp canals of immature necrotic permanent teeth with apical periodontitis in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed on 36 teeth in 12 dogs. The experiment was carried out using split mouth design. In each dog 3 teeth were selected for implementing the study procedure. Apical periodontitis was induced in Group A and B teeth. Group (A): immature upper left 2nd permanent incisors that were transplanted with a construct of autologous dental pulp stem cells with growth factors seeded in a chitosn hydrogel scaffold...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750631/analysis-of-biomechanical-effects-of-different-sites-and-modes-of-orthodontic-loading-on-arch-expansion-in-a-preadolescent-mandible-an-fea-study
#14
Ajmera Deepal Haresh, Singh Pradeep, Jinlin Song, Chao Wang, Yubo Fan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of commencing treatment in younger age is to rectify the developing dento-alveolar, skeletal and muscular imbalances. With growing dependence on arch development and expansion, the pendulum is oscillating more towards the non-extraction treatment lately, in resolving constriction and crowding issues. Since, a limited number of attempts have been made for mandibular expansion, this study aimes to evaluate the effect of different modes and sites of loading on the expansion of preadolescent mandible using biomechanics...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750630/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-dental-considerations-and-case-report
#15
J Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juana M Arvizu-Rivera, Nadia P Campos-Lara, Miguel A Rosales-Berber, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia (EA) is defined as the congenital interruption of the continuity of the esophagus. Pediatric patients also have other congenital conditions, such as Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (TEF). CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old male with TEF referred by a Pediatric Cardiologist, with the principal complaint of "severe and generalized tooth wearing". Considering that the patient was systemically stable, it was decided to perform the oral procedures under local anesthesia and rubber-dam isolation with an antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750629/relief-of-upper-airway-obstruction-using-a-cervical-splint-for-young-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Hyoju Son, Soohyeon Kim, Jaeho Lee, Chungmin Kang, Seunghye Kim
13-year old boy with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy visited dental clinic with chief complaints of mouth breathing and malocclusion. His mouth was constantly open at the resting position, with his mandible and tongue displaced downward. He breathed through his mouth, making a constant gurgling sound, a sign of upper airway obstruction. To enhance his mandible position, vertical chin cap was first considered, but it was not sufficient to reduce the gurgling sound or ease breathing. Then, cervical splint was considered, which effectively decreased the gurgling sound by repositioning his mandible to the anterior-superior position...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750628/effect-of-dentists-appearance-related-with-dental-fear-and-caries-status-in-6-12-years-old-children
#17
Ozge Yahyaoglu, Ozgul Baygin, Gorkem Yahyaoglu, Tamer Tuzuner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of dental fear, the relationship between dental fear and dental caries and the dentist appearance most likely to reduce anxiety among children. In this way, dental treatment could be made more effective by changing the dentist's appearance. STUDY DESIGN: The "Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale" and a questionnaire 'designed to examine the children's preferences for their dentist's appearance', were administered to 810 patients between 6-12 years of age...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750627/the-need-of-interdisciplinary-approach-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-down-syndrome-with-severe-caries-unintentionally-facilitated-by-hypotonia-therapy
#18
Enrique Bimstein, Camilla Miskovich
This manuscript describes a case of a 4-year-old child with Down syndrome involving hypotonia in which the use of sweets to induce oral muscular function contributed to the need to extract all the primary teeth due to extensive caries. The need for interdisciplinary education and practice targeted to the treatment of children with special health care needs is emphasized.
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750626/i-am-a-pediatric-dentist-why-is-major-depression-among-adolescents-my-concern
#19
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Allen Wong
The question, "why a pediatric dentist should be concerned about major depression among teenagers" is considered in light of reports from the National Institute of Mental Health. The results of these studies indicate that there is a progressive increase in the proportion of adolescents with a history of major depressive episodes; ranging from 6.4% among 12 year olds to 15% and 16% for 15-17 year olds. There are great variations by gender, race and ethnicity in the proportion of teenagers experiencing major depressive episodes and receiving needed care...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750625/trends-and-characteristics-of-pediatric-dentistry-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#20
Maxwell N Rudie, Michael M Milano, Michael W Roberts, Kimon Divaris
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the demographic characteristics of pediatric dentistry patients undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (DRGA) at UNC-Chapel Hill during the last 13 years and identify factors associated with multiple (1 versus 2 or more) DRGA visits during that timeframe. STUDY DESIGN: Administrative claims data were used to identify children and adolescents (age <18 years) who underwent DRGA between 1/1/2002 and 12/31/2014 at the UNC Hospitals system...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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