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Annals of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511865/racial-and-socioeconomic-disparities-in-viral-suppression-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-new-york-city
#1
Qiang Xia, Rebekkah S Robbins, Rachael Lazar, Lucia V Torian, Sarah L Braunstein
PURPOSE: To examine differences in racial disparities across levels of neighborhood poverty and differences in socioeconomic disparities by race/ethnicity in viral suppression among persons living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data, we categorized and geocoded PLWH who were in care in New York City (NYC). Multilevel binomial regression techniques were used to model viral suppression with a two-level hierarchical structure, by including age, transmission risk, year of diagnosis, race/ethnicity, census tract poverty, and an interaction term of race/ethnicity and census tract poverty in the model...
April 27, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506566/trends-in-racial-ethnic-disparities-of-new-aids-diagnoses-in-the-united-states-1984-2013
#2
Johanna Chapin-Bardales, Eli Samuel Rosenberg, Patrick Sean Sullivan
PURPOSE: In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) disproportionately impacts racial/ethnic minorities. We describe and evaluate trends in the Black-White and Hispanic-White disparities of new AIDS diagnoses from 1984 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: AIDS diagnosis rates by race/ethnicity for people ≥13 years were calculated using national HIV surveillance and Census data. Black-White and Hispanic-White disparities were measured as rate ratios...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527639/epidemiology-of-mesothelioma-of-the-pericardium-and-tunica-vaginalis-testis
#3
REVIEW
Gabor Mezei, Ellen T Chang, Fionna S Mowat, Suresh H Moolgavkar
PURPOSE: Malignant mesothelioma most commonly arises in the pleura and peritoneum but also occurs rarely at other anatomical sites with mesothelial tissue, namely, the pericardium and tunica vaginalis testis (TVT). This review provides a better understanding of the epidemiology of mesothelioma of these extrapleural sites. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiologic and clinical literature on pericardial mesothelioma and mesothelioma of the TVT...
April 14, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434545/opportunities-and-obstacles-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-in-occupational-asthma
#4
Susan M Tarlo, Ahmed A Arif, George L Delclos, Paul Henneberger, Jenil Patel
PURPOSE: Occupational asthma (OA), a common respiratory disorder in Western countries, is caused by exposures at the workplace. It is part of a broader definition of work-related asthma (WRA) that also includes pre-existing asthma aggravated by substances present in the workplace environment, and it is potentially preventable. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate preventive measures for occupational asthma by case studies. METHODS: In three case studies we discuss preventive measures that have been associated with reductions in incidence of occupational asthma from natural rubber latex and from diisocyanates as supported by published literature...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431904/self-rated-health-and-mortality-with-special-reference-to-black-white-difference
#5
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476330/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-semiurban-community-in-south-india
#6
LETTER
Priti Arun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476329/2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-2-4-d-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-meta-analysis-accounting-for-exposure-levels
#7
REVIEW
Adam M Smith, Martyn T Smith, Michele A La Merrill, Jane Liaw, Craig Steinmaus
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is one of the most commonly used selective herbicides in the world. A number of epidemiology studies have found an association between 2,4-D exposure and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) but these results are inconsistent and controversial. A previous meta-analysis found no clear association overall but did not specifically examine high-exposure groups. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the peer-reviewed epidemiologic studies of the associations between 2,4-D and NHL, with a particular focus on high-exposure groups, and evaluations of heterogeneity, dose-response, and bias...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476328/association-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-between-hispanic-latino-parents-and-youth-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latino-youth
#8
Mercedes R Carnethon, Guadalupe X Ayala, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Virginia Bishop, Martha L Daviglus, Alan M Delamater, Linda C Gallo, Krista Perreira, Elizabeth Pulgaron, Samantha Reina, Gregory A Talavera, Linda H Van Horn, Carmen R Isasi
PURPOSE: Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Girls (n = 674) and boys (n = 667) aged 8 to 16 years (mean age 12.1 years) and their parents (n = 942) had their CVD risk factors measured...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476327/associations-between-neighborhood-characteristics-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-women-in-the-southern-united-states
#9
Danielle F Haley, Regine Haardörfer, Michael R Kramer, Adaora A Adimora, Gina M Wingood, Neela D Goswami, Anna Rubtsova, Christina Ludema, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Zev Ross, Hector Bolivar, Hannah L F Cooper
PURPOSE: Neighborhood characteristics shape sexual risk in HIV-uninfected adults in the United States (US). We assess relationships between census tract characteristics and sexual risk behaviors in a predominantly HIV-infected cohort of women living in the Southern US. METHODS: This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included data from 737 HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Administrative data captured characteristics of census tracts where women lived; participant-level data were gathered via survey...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955793/a-cross-sectional-study-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-gallbladder-disease
#10
Changqing Li, Catherine Mikus, Ali Ahmed, Gang Hu, Kaiyu Xiong, Yimin Zhang, Xuemei Sui
PURPOSE: To determine the association of different levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), an objective indicator of habitual physical activity, with gallbladder disease. METHODS: In the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) database, 41,528 men and 13,206 women aged 20-90 years, with body mass index of 18.5 or more and without history of cardiovascular disease and cancer, received a preventive examination at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, between 1970 and 2003...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317611/accumulated-exposure-to-rural-areas-of-residence-over-the-life-course-is-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-adulthood-a-25-year-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Kira A E Patterson, Seana L Gall, Alison J Venn, Petr Otahal, Leigh Blizzard, Terry Dwyer, Verity J Cleland
PURPOSE: This prospective cohort study investigated whether body mass index (BMI) and weight status in mid-adulthood were predicted by trajectories of urban-rural residence from childhood to adulthood. METHODS: Participants aged 7-15 years in 1985 (n = 8498) were followed up in 2004-2006 (n = 3999, aged 26-36 years) and 2009-2011 (n = 3049, aged 31-41 years). Area of residence (AOR) was classified as urban or rural at each time point. BMI and/or weight status was calculated from self-reported weight and height (2009-2011)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185717/biomarker-validation-of-self-reported-sex-among-middle-aged-female-sex-workers-in-china
#12
Jennifer Guida, Ami Fukunaga, Hongjie Liu
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine information bias arising from self-reported sexual activity and its association with syphilitic infections among female sex workers (FSWs) aged 35 years and older in China. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 1245 middle-aged FSWs. Respondents self-reported sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours. The prostate-specific antigen test was used to verify self-reported sexual activity. FSWs were considered discordant if they indicated no sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours on the questionnaire and had a positive prostate-specific antigen test...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160971/inter-relationships-between-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-the-residential-environment-among-urban-african-american-women
#13
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Lynne Messer, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Dawn P Misra
PURPOSE: The inter-relationships between objective (census based) and subjective (resident reported) measures of the residential environment is understudied in African American (AA) populations. METHODS: Using data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study (2009-2011; n = 1387) of AA women, we quantified the area-level variation in subjective reports of residential healthy food availability, walkability, safety, and disorder that can be accounted for with an objective neighborhood disadvantage index (NDI)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139369/coincident-alcohol-dependence-and-depression-increases-risk-of-suicidal-ideation-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#14
Gregory H Cohen, David S Fink, Laura Sampson, Marijo Tamburrino, Israel Liberzon, Joseph R Calabrese, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: Suicide rates among military service members have risen dramatically, while drivers remain poorly understood. We examined the relationship between coincident alcohol dependence and depression in shaping risk of suicidal ideation among National Guard forces. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis using a randomly selected, population-based sample of Ohio Army National Guard soldiers. Telephone-based surveys of 1582 soldiers who participated in both wave 1 (2008-2009) and wave 2 (2009-2010) were analyzed...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003117/facebook-network-structure-and-awareness-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Aditya S Khanna, Phil Schumm, John A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) are the only population in the United States who have experienced rising human immunodeficiency virus incidence over the past decade. Consistent pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use can substantially reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus acquisition. What differentiates those who become aware of PrEP, and those who do not, remains largely unknown. METHODS: The social networks of YBMSM can impact their awareness of PrEP; to examine this impact, we used two waves of Facebook data from "uConnect"-a longitudinal cohort study of YBMSM in Chicago (n = 266)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956118/genetic-polymorphisms-of-phase-i-metabolizing-enzyme-genes-their-interaction-with-lifetime-grilled-and-smoked-meat-intake-and-breast-cancer-incidence
#16
Humberto Parada, Susan E Steck, Rebecca J Cleveland, Susan L Teitelbaum, Alfred I Neugut, Regina M Santella, Marilie D Gammon
PURPOSE: To examine associations between 22 CYP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and breast cancer incidence and their interactions with grilled-smoked meat intake, a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. METHODS: White women with first primary in situ or invasive breast cancer (n = 988) and frequency-matched controls (n = 1021) from a population-based study were interviewed to assess lifetime grilled-smoked meat intake. SNPs with minor allele frequencies of greater than 0...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318764/increasing-hiv-1-subtype-diversity-in-seven-states-united-states-2006-2013
#17
Alexandra M Oster, William M Switzer, Angela L Hernandez, Neeraja Saduvala, Joel O Wertheim, Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike, M Cheryl Ocfemia, Ellsworth Campbell, H Irene Hall
PURPOSE: The aim of the analysis was to explore HIV-1 subtype diversity in the United States and understand differences in prevalence of non-B subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) between demographic/risk groups and over time. METHODS: We included HIV-1 polymerase sequences reported to the National HIV Surveillance System for HIV infections diagnosed during 2006-2013 in seven states. We assigned subtype or CRF using the automated subtyping tool COMET, assessed subtype/CRF prevalence by demographic characteristics and country of birth, and determined changes in subtype/CRF by HIV diagnosis year...
February 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292638/2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-and-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-results-from-the-agricultural-health-study-and-an-updated-meta-analysis
#18
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Ke Zu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325538/lifetime-risk-of-a-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-in-the-united-states
#19
Kristen L Hess, Xiaohong Hu, Amy Lansky, Jonathan Mermin, Hildegard Irene Hall
PURPOSE: To estimate lifetime risk of receiving an HIV diagnosis in the United States if existing infection rates continue. METHODS: We used mortality, census, and HIV surveillance data for 2010 to 2014 to calculate age-specific probabilities of an HIV diagnosis. The probabilities were applied to a hypothetical cohort of 10 million live births to estimate lifetime risk. RESULTS: Lifetime risk was 1 in 68 for males and 1 in 253 for females...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320576/platelet-count-and-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#20
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, Amit K Verma, JoAnn E Manson, Juan Lin, Lawrence Lessin, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Thomas E Rohan
PURPOSE: We used data from the Women's Health Initiative to examine the association of platelet count with total mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, cancer mortality, and non-CHD/noncancer mortality. METHODS: Platelet count was measured at baseline in 159,746 postmenopausal women and again in year 3 in 75,339 participants. Participants were followed for a median of 15.9 years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the relative mortality hazards associated with deciles of baseline platelet count and of the mean of baseline + year 3 platelet count...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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