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Annals of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908590/disease-mapping-of-zero-excessive-mesothelioma-data-in-flanders
#1
Thomas Neyens, Andrew B Lawson, Russell S Kirby, Valerie Nuyts, Kevin Watjou, Mehreteab Aregay, Rachel Carroll, Tim S Nawrot, Christel Faes
PURPOSE: To investigate the distribution of mesothelioma in Flanders using Bayesian disease mapping models that account for both an excess of zeros and overdispersion. METHODS: The numbers of newly diagnosed mesothelioma cases within all Flemish municipalities between 1999 and 2008 were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry. To deal with overdispersion, zero inflation, and geographical association, the hurdle combined model was proposed, which has three components: a Bernoulli zero-inflation mixture component to account for excess zeros, a gamma random effect to adjust for overdispersion, and a normal conditional autoregressive random effect to attribute spatial association...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839657/prevalence-of-and-beliefs-about-electronic-cigarettes-and-hookah-among-high-school-students-with-asthma
#2
David A Fedele, Tracey E Barnett, David Dekevich, Linda M Gibson-Young, Mary Martinasek, Meredith A Jagger
PURPOSE: To assess current cigarette, hookah, and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among high school students with and without asthma. Beliefs and use of tobacco products by a household member were also examined. METHODS: The 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey was administered to high school students to assess current use of cigarettes, hookah, and e-cigarettes (i.e., within past 30 days). Student's home exposure and beliefs about cigarettes, hookah, and e-cigarettes were also assessed...
October 26, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751630/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814940/health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-65-years-and-older-in-the-united-states-2011-2012-a-multilevel-small-area-estimation-approach
#4
Yu-Hsiu Lin, Alexander C McLain, Janice C Probst, Kevin J Bennett, Zaina P Qureshi, Jan M Eberth
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop county-level estimates of poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among aged 65 years and older U.S. adults and to identify spatial clusters of poor HRQOL using a multilevel, poststratification approach. METHODS: Multilevel, random-intercept models were fit to HRQOL data (two domains: physical health and mental health) from the 2011-2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Using a poststratification, small area estimation approach, we generated county-level probabilities of having poor HRQOL for each domain in U...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771142/errors-in-causal-inference-an-organizational-schema-for-systematic-error-and-random-error
#5
Etsuji Suzuki, Toshihide Tsuda, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Eiji Yamamoto
PURPOSE: To provide an organizational schema for systematic error and random error in estimating causal measures, aimed at clarifying the concept of errors from the perspective of causal inference. METHODS: We propose to divide systematic error into structural error and analytic error. With regard to random error, our schema shows its four major sources: nondeterministic counterfactuals, sampling variability, a mechanism that generates exposure events and measurement variability...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765402/type-2-diabetes-and-gender-differences-in-liver-cancer-by-considering-different-confounding-factors-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#6
Yuqin Wang, Baochan Wang, Shiyan Yan, Feng Shen, Haixia Cao, Jiangao Fan, Rongrong Zhang, Jun Gu
PURPOSE: Questions remain uncertainty regarding the gender differences in the relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and liver cancer risk. By considering several confounding factors, we aimed to identify this issue according to a meta-analysis of cohort studies. METHODS: We searched EMBASE and MEDLINE for studies on the association between T2DM and risk of liver cancer up to November 30, 2014. A random-effects model was performed to calculate summary relative risks (SRRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756684/association-of-dairy-products-consumption-with-risk-of-obesity-in-children-and-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-mainly-cross-sectional-studies
#7
Weijing Wang, Yili Wu, Dongfeng Zhang
PURPOSE: The association of dairy products consumption with risk of obesity remains controversial. Therefore, we reviewed and quantitatively synthesized the evidence from observational studies with a meta-analysis. METHODS: A literature search was performed in relevant databases. Random-effects model was used to pool odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Dose-response relationship was assessed by restricted cubic spline model. RESULTS: Seventeen studies for total dairy products and 16 studies for milk with risk of obesity were eligible...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751632/quantitative-assessment-of-genetic-testing-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-findings-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#8
Satoru Kodama, Kazuya Fujihara, Hajime Ishiguro, Chika Horikawa, Nobumasa Ohara, Yoko Yachi, Shiro Tanaka, Hitoshi Shimano, Kiminori Kato, Osamu Hanyu, Hirohito Sone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743642/the-consumption-of-coffee-and-black-tea-and-the-risk-of-lung-cancer
#9
Romain Pasquet, Igor Karp, Jack Siemiatycki, Anita Koushik
PURPOSE: Coffee and black tea are among the most consumed beverages worldwide. Although their potential role in lung cancer occurrence has been investigated in several studies, results have been inconclusive. We investigated the associations between intake of coffee and black tea with lung cancer in a population-based case-control study in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: These analyses included 1130 cases and 1483 controls. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were estimated between four metrics of coffee and black tea consumption (frequency, average daily amount, duration, and cumulative amount) and lung cancer, using unconditional logistic regression...
September 17, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894568/gender-differences-in-cumulative-life-course-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-in-relation-to-new-onset-diabetes-in%C3%A2-adults-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#10
Lidyane V Camelo, Luana Giatti, Bruce B Duncan, Dóra Chor, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Inês Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto
PURPOSE: We investigated gender-specific associations of cumulative socioeconomic position across life course and social mobility with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in over 12,000 civil servants in Brazil. METHODS: We used data from ELSA-Brasil baseline (2008-2010). The accumulation of risk was assessed using an education-based score and an occupation-based score. Educational and occupational social mobility were also evaluated. RESULTS: In minimally adjusted models, NODM increased with increasing exposure to life-course social disadvantages, especially in men...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894567/proportion-of-selected-congenital-heart-defects-attributable-to-recognized-risk-factors
#11
Regina M Simeone, Sarah C Tinker, Suzanne M Gilboa, A J Agopian, Matthew E Oster, Owen J Devine, Margaret A Honein
PURPOSE: To assess the contribution of multiple risk factors for two congenital heart defects-hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: We used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2011) to estimate average adjusted population attributable fractions for several recognized risk factors, including maternal prepregnancy overweight-obesity, pregestational diabetes, age, and infant sex. RESULTS: There were 594 cases of isolated simple HLHS, 971 cases of isolated simple TOF, and 11,829 controls in the analysis...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894566/the-association-between-handheld-phone-bans-and-the-prevalence-of-handheld-phone-conversations-among-young-drivers-in-the-united-states
#12
Motao Zhu, Toni M Rudisill, Steven Heeringa, David Swedler, Donald A Redelmeier
PURPOSE: Fourteen US states and the District of Columbia have banned handheld phone use for all drivers. We examined whether such legislation was associated with reduced handheld phone conversations among drivers aged younger than 25 years. METHODS: Data from the 2008 to 2013 National Occupant Protection Use Survey were merged with states' legislation. The outcome was roadside-observed handheld phone conversation at stop signs or lights. Logistic regression was used...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894565/validating-a-summary-measure-of-weight-history-for-modeling-the-health-consequences-of-obesity
#13
Andrew Stokes, Yu Ni
PURPOSE: Data on weight history may enhance the predictive validity of epidemiologic models of the health risks of obesity, but collecting such data is often not feasible. In this study, we investigate the validity of a summary measure of weight history. METHODS: We evaluated the quality of reporting of maximum weight in a sample of adults aged 50-84 years using data from the Health and Retirement Study. Recalled max body mass index (BMI, measured in kilogram per square meter) based on recalled weight in 2004 was compared with calculated max BMI based on self-reported weight collected biennially between 1992 and 2004...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818017/low-maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-increases-the-risk-of-severe-and-mild-preeclampsia
#14
Katharyn M Baca, Hyagriv N Simhan, Robert W Platt, Lisa M Bodnar
PURPOSE: The objective of this case-cohort study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and preeclampsia overall and by severity. METHODS: From an eligible cohort of 12,861 women who had serum banked from aneuploidy screening in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from 1999 to 2010, we randomly sampled a subcohort of 2327 pregnancies and all remaining preeclampsia cases (n = 650 cases). Preeclampsia (defined as new-onset hypertension and proteinuria) and its mild and severe forms were identified using ICD-9 codes...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837787/centralized-access-to-cancer-registries
#15
Dennis Deapen
PURPOSE: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and National Cancer Institute are seeking to improve methods to evaluate cancer as a clinical outcome in postapproval studies of drug and device safety. Challenges to monitoring cancer outcomes include years-long latency periods for many cancers, difficulty in tracking patients over long periods of time, missing outcomes of interest if relying on reporting by patients or health care providers, burden of collecting high-quality, detailed documentation of incident cancers, and low statistical power for rarer cancers...
November 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837786/connections-between-pharmacoepidemiology-and-cancer-biology-designing-biologically-relevant-studies-of-cancer-outcomes
#16
EDITORIAL
Donna R Rivera, Katherine A McGlynn, Andrew N Freedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789133/racial-differences-in-renal-replacement-therapy-initiation-among-children-with-a-nonglomerular-cause-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Derek K Ng, Marva Moxey-Mims, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Alvaro Muñoz
PURPOSE: African American (AA) adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a faster progression to end-stage renal disease and are less likely to receive a kidney transplant. It is unclear whether AA children experience renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease sooner than non-AA children after accounting for socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Among children with nonglomerular CKD in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children study, we investigated time to RRT (i...
November 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756685/quantitative-bias-analysis-in-an-asthma-study-of-rescue-recovery-workers-and-volunteers-from-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#18
Anne M Jurek, George Maldonado
PURPOSE: When learning bias analysis, epidemiologists are taught to quantitatively adjust for multiple biases by correcting study results in the reverse order of the error sequence. To understand the error sequence for a particular study, one must carefully examine the health study's epidemiologic data-generating process. In this article, we describe the unique data-generating process of a man-made disaster epidemiologic study. METHODS: We described the data-generating process and conducted a bias analysis for a study associating September 11, 2001 dust cloud exposure and self-reported newly physician-diagnosed asthma among rescue-recovery workers and volunteers...
November 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751631/examining-the-relationship-between-multidrug-resistant-organism-acquisition-and-exposure-to-antimicrobials-in-long-term-care-populations-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Michele L Shaffer, Erika M C D'Agata, Daniel Habtemariam, Susan L Mitchell
PURPOSE: Methodological approaches to examine the association between antimicrobial exposure and multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) acquisition are complex. This report's objectives are to review approaches used in and findings of prior studies in the long-term care setting, illustrate how these challenges were addressed in a recently completed large prospective study, and discuss strategies for future studies. METHODS: Key design and analytic approaches used in studies conducted since 2000 examining the association between antimicrobial exposure and MDRO acquisition in the long-term care setting were reviewed...
November 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793276/erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
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