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Annals of Epidemiology

Pauline Mendola, Sandie Ha, Tuija Männistö, Danping Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Candice Y Johnson, Carissa M Rocheleau, Christina C Lawson, Barbara Grajewski, Penelope P Howards
PURPOSE: To investigate potential attenuation of healthy worker biases in populations in which healthy women of reproductive age opt out of the workforce to provide childcare. METHODS: We used 2013-2015 data from 120,928 U.S. women and men aged 22-44 years participating in the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index. We used logistic regression to estimate adjusted prevalence odds ratios (PORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between health and workforce nonparticipation...
August 25, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Sarah B Andrea, Elizabeth R Hooker, Lynne C Messer, Thomas Tandy, Janne Boone-Heinonen
PURPOSE: Rapid growth during infancy predicts higher risk of obesity later in childhood. The association between patterns of early life growth and later obesity may differ by race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status (SES), but prior evidence syntheses do not consider vulnerable subpopulations. METHODS: We systemically reviewed published studies that explored patterns of early life growth (0-24 months of age) as predictors of later obesity (>24 months) that were either conducted in racial/ethnic minority or low-SES study populations or assessed effect modification of this association by race/ethnicity or SES...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Casey N Pinto, Lorah D Dorn, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ping Du, Guangqing Chi
BACKGROUND: American adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 24 account for 50% of all sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) annually. Rural populations in this age group are often understudied, despite having factors that place them at higher risk for STDs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of time series analysis in the assessment of rural Pennsylvania county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea rates overtime (2004-2014) for 15- to 19- and 20- to 24-year-old age groups by gender...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Ling Han, Heather Allore, Joseph Goulet, Harini Bathulapali, Melissa Skanderson, Cynthia Brandt, Sally Haskell, Erin Krebs
PURPOSE: To examine long-term opioid dosing trends among Veterans with chronic pain. METHODS: We identified 79,015 Veterans with musculoskeletal disorders who were dispensed greater than or equal to 1 opioid prescriptions between 2002 and 2009 after returning from recent conflicts. Opioid-dosing trends were examined using a generalized estimating equation while accounting for patient characteristics, temporal and geographic confounding. RESULTS: In total, 472,819 opioid prescriptions were dispensed (mean ± standard deviation: 6...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Martha S Wingate, Ruben A Smith, Joann R Petrini, Wanda D Barfield
PURPOSE: Although studies have examined overall temporal changes in gestational age-specific fetal mortality rates, there is little information on the current status of racial/ethnic differences. We hypothesize that differences exist between racial/ethnic groups across gestational age and that these differences are not equally distributed. METHODS: Using the 2009-2013 data from US fetal death and live birth files for non-Hispanic white (NHW); non-Hispanic black (NHB); Hispanic; and American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) women, we conducted analyses to examine fetal mortality rates and estimate adjusted prevalence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Marios K Georgakis, Erato Ntinopoulou, Despoina Chatzopoulou, Eleni Th Petridou
PURPOSE: Season of birth has been considered a proxy of seasonally varying exposures around perinatal period, potentially implicated in the etiology of several health outcomes, including malignancies. METHODS: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we have systematically reviewed published literature on the association of birth seasonality with risk of central nervous system tumors in children and adults. RESULTS: Seventeen eligible studies using various methodologies were identified, encompassing 20,523 cases...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Leslie A MacDonald, Kaori Fujishiro, Virginia J Howard, Paul Landsbergis, Misty J Hein
PURPOSE: Participation in health studies may be inversely associated with employment and stress. We investigated whether employment, perceived stress, work-related stress, and family caregiving were related to participation in a longitudinal US community-based health study of black and white men and women aged ≥45 years. METHODS: Prevalence ratios and confidence intervals were estimated for completion of the second stage (S2) of a two-stage enrollment process by employment (status, type), and stress (perceived stress, work-related stress, caregiving), adjusting for age, sex, race, region, income, and education...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Fredi Alexander Diaz-Quijano, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Cara L Frankenfeld
PURPOSE: To analyze public health job posting data to help objectively inform epidemiology faculty and students about skills sought by employers. METHODS: Raw data from database (January 2003-October 2016) was data-mined and analyzed (n = 25,308 job postings). There were 3985 jobs that were classified with an epidemiology designation, either as the only designation or co-occurring with another designation. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for job type, industry, location, degree requirements, CPH credential, and specialized skills...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Dabney P Evans, Samantha M Luffy, Stephanie Parisi, Carlos Del Rio
PURPOSE: Timely training was urgently needed at the onset of the 2014 Ebola virus disease epidemic. Massive open online courses (MOOCs) have grown in popularity, though little is known about their utility in time-sensitive situations, including infectious disease outbreaks. METHODS: We created the first English language massive open online course on Ebola virus disease. Designed by a team representing various units of Emory University and six partner institutions, the six module course was aimed at a global general audience but also relevant for health care professionals...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Setor K Kunutsor, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Jari A Laukkanen
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the prospective association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with the risk of pneumonia. METHODS: Cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by maximal oxygen uptake, was assessed using a respiratory gas exchange analyzer in 2244 middle-aged men in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease cohort. We corrected for within-person variability in CRF levels using data from repeat measurements taken several years apart. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 25...
August 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Michael J Silverberg, Rebecca Nash, Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Lee Cromwell, Darios Getahun, Enid Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, Jennifer Slovis, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Lauren Christiansen-Lindquist, Robert M Silver, Corette B Parker, Donald J Dudley, Matthew A Koch, Uma M Reddy, George R Saade, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J R Hogue
PURPOSE: Describe the relative frequency and joint effect of missing and misreported fetal death certificate (FDC) data and identify variations by key characteristics. METHODS: Stillbirths were prospectively identified during 2006-2008 for a multisite population-based case-control study. For this study, eligible mothers of stillbirths were not incarcerated residents of DeKalb County, Georgia, or Salt Lake County, Utah, aged ≥13 years, with an identifiable FDC...
July 20, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Lara J Akinbami, Lauren M Rossen, Tala H I Fakhouri, Alan E Simon, Brian K Kit
PURPOSE: Racial disparities in childhood asthma prevalence increased after the 1990s. Obesity, which also varies by race/ethnicity, is an asthma risk factor but its contribution to asthma prevalence disparities is unknown. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey data for 2-19 year olds with logistic regression and decomposition analyses to assess the contributions of weight status to racial disparities in asthma prevalence, controlling for sex, age, and income status...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Sarah McKetta, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Charissa Pratt, Lisa Bates, Bruce G Link, Katherine M Keyes
PURPOSE: Racism, whether defined at individual, interpersonal, or structural levels, is associated with poor health among Blacks. This association may arise because exposure to racism causes poor health, but geographic mobility patterns pose an alternative explanation-namely, Black individuals with better health and resources can move away from racist environments. METHODS: We examine the evidence for selection effects using nationally representative, longitudinal data (1990-2009) from the Panel Study on Income Dynamics (n = 33,852)...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Kelly Kamimura-Nishimura, Tanya Froehlich, Vilawan Chirdkiatgumchai, Ryan Adams, Bridget Fredstrom, Patty Manning
PURPOSE: No prior studies have assessed change in health care provider-coded rates of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses over time, and few have investigated sociodemographic factors associated with having an ASD diagnosis, having behavioral conditions comorbid with ASD, or using psychotropic medications for this group. METHODS: We used data from the 1994-2009 National (Hospital) Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys for children aged 2-18 years (n = 158,488)...
July 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
Baruch Vainshelboim, Jan Müller, Ricardo M Lima, Kevin T Nead, Cariad Chester, Khin Chan, Peter Kokkinos, Jonathan Myers
PURPOSE: The preventive role of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in cancer is not well established. The present study sought to evaluate the association between CRF and cancer incidence in men. METHODS: Maximal exercise testing was performed in 4920 men (59.2 ± 11.4 years) free from malignancy at baseline who were followed for 12.7 ± 7.5 years. Relative risks and population attributable risks were determined. RESULTS: During the follow-up, 25...
July 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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