journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Annals of Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434545/opportunities-and-obstacles-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-in-occupational-asthma
#1
Susan M Tarlo, Ahmed A Arif, George L Delclos, Paul Henneberger, Jenil Patel
PURPOSE: Occupational asthma (OA), a common respiratory disorder in Western countries, is caused by exposures at the workplace. It is part of a broader definition of work-related asthma (WRA) that also includes pre-existing asthma aggravated by substances present in the workplace environment, and it is potentially preventable. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate preventive measures for occupational asthma by case studies. METHODS: In three case studies we discuss preventive measures that have been associated with reductions in incidence of occupational asthma from natural rubber latex and from diisocyanates as supported by published literature...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431904/self-rated-health-and-mortality-with-special-reference-to-black-white-difference
#2
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318764/increasing-hiv-1-subtype-diversity-in-seven-states-united-states-2006-2013
#3
Alexandra M Oster, William M Switzer, Angela L Hernandez, Neeraja Saduvala, Joel O Wertheim, Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike, M Cheryl Ocfemia, Ellsworth Campbell, H Irene Hall
PURPOSE: The aim of the analysis was to explore HIV-1 subtype diversity in the United States and understand differences in prevalence of non-B subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) between demographic/risk groups and over time. METHODS: We included HIV-1 polymerase sequences reported to the National HIV Surveillance System for HIV infections diagnosed during 2006-2013 in seven states. We assigned subtype or CRF using the automated subtyping tool COMET, assessed subtype/CRF prevalence by demographic characteristics and country of birth, and determined changes in subtype/CRF by HIV diagnosis year...
February 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292638/2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-and-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-results-from-the-agricultural-health-study-and-an-updated-meta-analysis
#4
Julie E Goodman, Christine T Loftus, Ke Zu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325538/lifetime-risk-of-a-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection-in-the-united-states
#5
Kristen L Hess, Xiaohong Hu, Amy Lansky, Jonathan Mermin, Hildegard Irene Hall
PURPOSE: To estimate lifetime risk of receiving an HIV diagnosis in the United States if existing infection rates continue. METHODS: We used mortality, census, and HIV surveillance data for 2010 to 2014 to calculate age-specific probabilities of an HIV diagnosis. The probabilities were applied to a hypothetical cohort of 10 million live births to estimate lifetime risk. RESULTS: Lifetime risk was 1 in 68 for males and 1 in 253 for females...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320576/platelet-count-and-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#6
Geoffrey C Kabat, Mimi Y Kim, Amit K Verma, JoAnn E Manson, Juan Lin, Lawrence Lessin, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Thomas E Rohan
PURPOSE: We used data from the Women's Health Initiative to examine the association of platelet count with total mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality, cancer mortality, and non-CHD/noncancer mortality. METHODS: Platelet count was measured at baseline in 159,746 postmenopausal women and again in year 3 in 75,339 participants. Participants were followed for a median of 15.9 years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the relative mortality hazards associated with deciles of baseline platelet count and of the mean of baseline + year 3 platelet count...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302356/correlates-of-county-level-nonviral-sexually-transmitted-infection-hot-spots-in-the-us-application-of-hot-spot-analysis-and-spatial-logistic-regression
#7
Brian A Chang, William S Pearson, Kwame Owusu-Edusei
PURPOSE: We used a combination of hot spot analysis (HSA) and spatial regression to examine county-level hot spot correlates for the most commonly reported nonviral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the 48 contiguous states in the United States (US). METHODS: We obtained reported county-level total case rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis in all counties in the 48 contiguous states from national surveillance data and computed temporally smoothed rates using 2008-2012 data...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317611/accumulated-exposure-to-rural-areas-of-residence-over-the-life-course-is-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-adulthood-a-25-year-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Kira A E Patterson, Seana L Gall, Alison J Venn, Petr Otahal, Leigh Blizzard, Terry Dwyer, Verity J Cleland
PURPOSE: This prospective cohort study investigated whether body mass index (BMI) and weight status in mid-adulthood were predicted by trajectories of urban-rural residence from childhood to adulthood. METHODS: Participants aged 7-15 years in 1985 (n = 8498) were followed up in 2004-2006 (n = 3999, aged 26-36 years) and 2009-2011 (n = 3049, aged 31-41 years). Area of residence (AOR) was classified as urban or rural at each time point. BMI and/or weight status was calculated from self-reported weight and height (2009-2011)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185717/biomarker-validation-of-self-reported-sex-among-middle-aged-female-sex-workers-in-china
#9
Jennifer Guida, Ami Fukunaga, Hongjie Liu
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine information bias arising from self-reported sexual activity and its association with syphilitic infections among female sex workers (FSWs) aged 35 years and older in China. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 1245 middle-aged FSWs. Respondents self-reported sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours. The prostate-specific antigen test was used to verify self-reported sexual activity. FSWs were considered discordant if they indicated no sexual intercourse in the past 48 hours on the questionnaire and had a positive prostate-specific antigen test...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160971/inter-relationships-between-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-the-residential-environment-among-urban-african-american-women
#10
Shawnita Sealy-Jefferson, Lynne Messer, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Dawn P Misra
PURPOSE: The inter-relationships between objective (census based) and subjective (resident reported) measures of the residential environment is understudied in African American (AA) populations. METHODS: Using data from the Life Influences on Fetal Environments Study (2009-2011; n = 1387) of AA women, we quantified the area-level variation in subjective reports of residential healthy food availability, walkability, safety, and disorder that can be accounted for with an objective neighborhood disadvantage index (NDI)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003117/facebook-network-structure-and-awareness-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Aditya S Khanna, Phil Schumm, John A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) are the only population in the United States who have experienced rising human immunodeficiency virus incidence over the past decade. Consistent pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use can substantially reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus acquisition. What differentiates those who become aware of PrEP, and those who do not, remains largely unknown. METHODS: The social networks of YBMSM can impact their awareness of PrEP; to examine this impact, we used two waves of Facebook data from "uConnect"-a longitudinal cohort study of YBMSM in Chicago (n = 266)...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956118/genetic-polymorphisms-of-phase-i-metabolizing-enzyme-genes-their-interaction-with-lifetime-grilled-and-smoked-meat-intake-and-breast-cancer-incidence
#12
Humberto Parada, Susan E Steck, Rebecca J Cleveland, Susan L Teitelbaum, Alfred I Neugut, Regina M Santella, Marilie D Gammon
PURPOSE: To examine associations between 22 CYP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and breast cancer incidence and their interactions with grilled-smoked meat intake, a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. METHODS: White women with first primary in situ or invasive breast cancer (n = 988) and frequency-matched controls (n = 1021) from a population-based study were interviewed to assess lifetime grilled-smoked meat intake. SNPs with minor allele frequencies of greater than 0...
March 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202134/interaction-between-smoking-and-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-oral-clefts
#13
George L Wehby, Lina M Moreno Uribe, Allen J Wilcox, Kaare Christensen, Paul A Romitti, Ronald G Munger, Rolv T Lie
PURPOSE: To examine maternal smoking and body mass index (BMI) interactions in contributing to risk of oral clefts. METHODS: We studied 4935 cases and 10,557 controls from six population-based studies and estimated a pooled logistic regression of individual-level data, controlling for study fixed effects and individual-level risk factors. RESULTS: We found a significant negative smoking-BMI interaction, with cleft risk with smoking generally declining with higher BMI...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094118/receipt-of-public-assistance-during-childhood-and-hypertension-risk-in-adulthood
#14
Debbie S Barrington, Sherman A James
PURPOSE: We examined if receipt of public assistance during childhood lowered risk for hypertension by mid-life in a cohort of African Americans in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression models to assess the relationship between receipt of public assistance during childhood and adult hypertension among 405 male and 737 female adult participants enrolled between 1988 and 2001 in the Pitt County Study, a community-based prospective cohort study of African Americans in North Carolina...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065451/home-remodeling-and-risk-of-childhood-leukemia
#15
Todd P Whitehead, Praphopphat Adhatamsoontra, Yang Wang, Elisa Arcolin, Leonard Sender, Steve Selvin, Catherine Metayer
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationship between the risk of childhood leukemia and home remodeling, a surrogate for indoor chemical exposures. METHODS: We collected information on remodeling activities carried out between birth and diagnosis in homes of 609 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases, 89 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases, and 893 matched controls participating in the California Childhood Leukemia Study (1995-2008). We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate the risk of ALL and AML associated with six remodeling activities: construction, painting, recarpeting, reflooring, roofing, and weatherproofing...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040377/current-approaches-used-in-epidemiologic-studies-to-examine-short-term-multipollutant-air-pollution-exposures
#16
REVIEW
Angel D Davalos, Thomas J Luben, Amy H Herring, Jason D Sacks
PURPOSE: Air pollution epidemiology traditionally focuses on the relationship between individual air pollutants and health outcomes (e.g., mortality). To account for potential copollutant confounding, individual pollutant associations are often estimated by adjusting or controlling for other pollutants in the mixture. Recently, the need to characterize the relationship between health outcomes and the larger multipollutant mixture has been emphasized in an attempt to better protect public health and inform more sustainable air quality management decisions...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024904/early-life-mortality-risks-in-opposite-sex-and-same-sex-twins-a-danish-cohort-study-of-the-twin-testosterone-transfer-hypothesis
#17
Linda Juel Ahrenfeldt, Lisbeth Aagaard Larsen, Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen, Axel Skytthe, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Sören Möller, Kaare Christensen
PURPOSE: To investigate the twin testosterone transfer (TTT) hypothesis by comparing early-life mortality risks of opposite-sex (OS) and same-sex (SS) twins during the first 15 years of life. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study to compare mortality in OS and SS twins. We included 68,629 live-born Danish twins from 1973 to 2009 identified through the Danish Twin Registry and performed piecewise stratified Cox regression and log-binomial regression...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964929/do-inferences-about-mortality-rates-and-disparities-vary-by-source-of-mortality-information
#18
John Robert Warren, Carolina Milesi, Karen Grigorian, Melissa Humphries, Chandra Muller, Eric Grodsky
PURPOSE: Researchers who study mortality among survey participants have multiple options for obtaining information about which participants died (and when and how they died). Some use public record and commercial databases; others use the National Death Index; some use the Social Security Death Master File; and still others triangulate sources and use Internet searches and genealogic methods. We ask how inferences about mortality rates and disparities depend on the choice of source of mortality information...
February 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215585/hot-cold-foods-in-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-japanese-community-the-takayama-study
#19
Chisato Nagata, Keiko Wada, Takashi Tamura, Kie Konishi, Yuko Goto
PURPOSE: In the field of traditional Chinese medicine, foods are grouped as cold or hot, and the balance of hot and cold food intake is considered vital to good health. We aimed to examine prospectively whether hot-cold food intake as well as ratio of hot-to-cold foods is associated with all-cause mortality in a general population. METHODS: A total of 28,356 residents of Takayama City, Japan (response rate: 85.3%, mean age: 54.6 [SD, 12.6] years, male: 45.9%), responded to a food frequency questionnaire in 1992...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215584/earlier-age-at-menarche-in-girls-with-rapid-early-life-growth-cohort-and-within-sibling-analyses
#20
Julie D Flom, Barbara A Cohn, Parisa Tehranifar, Lauren C Houghton, Ying Wei, Angeline Protacio, Piera Cirillo, Karin B Michels, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: The purpose of the article was to examine the association of early life growth with age at menarche. METHODS: Using data from a prospective birth cohort (n = 1134 women, 290 sibling sets), we assessed the association between postnatal growth at 4 months, 1 year, and 4 years and age at menarche, using generalized estimating equations and generalized linear random effects models. RESULTS: Overall, 18% of the cohort experienced early menarche (<12 years)...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
journal
journal
30584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"