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Annals of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648550/individual-housing-based-socioeconomic-status-predicts-risk-of-accidental-falls-among-adults
#1
Euijung Ryu, Young J Juhn, Philip H Wheeler, Matthew A Hathcock, Chung-Il Wi, Janet E Olson, James R Cerhan, Paul Y Takahashi
PURPOSE: Accidental falls are a major public health concern among people of all ages. Little is known about whether an individual-level housing-based socioeconomic status measure is associated with the risk of accidental falls. METHODS: Among 12,286 Mayo Clinic Biobank participants residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, subjects who experienced accidental falls between the biobank enrollment and September 2014 were identified using ICD-9 codes evaluated at emergency departments...
June 8, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645568/predictors-of-successful-telephone-follow-up-in-a-multicenter-study-of-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#2
Vickie Wu, Nora Abo-Sido, Janice A Espinola, Courtney N Tierney, Kathleen T Tedesco, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Parents were called at 6-month intervals (based on the child's age) after discharge to assess respiratory problems...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625812/did-the-great-recession-increase-suicides-in-the-usa-evidence-from-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#3
Sam Harper, Tim A Bruckner
PURPOSE: Research suggests that the Great Recession of 2007-2009 led to nearly 5000 excess suicides in the United States. However, prior work has not accounted for seasonal patterning and unique suicide trends by age and gender. METHODS: We calculated monthly suicide rates from 1999 to 2013 for men and women aged 15 and above. Suicide rates before the Great Recession were used to predict the rate during and after the Great Recession. Death rates for each age-gender group were modeled using Poisson regression with robust variance, accounting for seasonal and nonlinear suicide trajectories...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623074/geographic-variability-in-gestational-weight-gain-a-multilevel-population-based-study-of-women-having-term-births-in-florida-2005-2012
#4
Maya Tabet, Erik Nelson, Mario Schootman, Lung-Chang Chien, Jen Jen Chang
PURPOSE: We examined the extent of geographic variability in gestational weight gain (GWG), identified areas where women have suboptimal GWG, and evaluated whether individual- and area-level factors account for such variability. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study including 1,385,574 women delivering term, singleton, and live births in Florida. We used a Bayesian, structured additive regression with a spatial function to analyze data from Florida's birth certificates (2005-2012) and ZIP code tabulation areas (ZCTAs; 2010 Census)...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645567/entrenched-obesity-in-childhood-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#5
Solveig A Cunningham, Ashlesha Datar, K M Venkat Narayan, Michael R Kramer
PURPOSE: Given the high levels of obesity among U.S. children, we examine whether obesity in childhood is a passing phenomenon or remains entrenched into adolescence. METHODS: Data are from the prospective nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (analytic sample = 6600). Anthropometrics were measured six times during 1998-2007. Overweight and obesity were defined using CDC cut-points. Entrenched obesity was defined as obesity between ages 5-9 coupled with persistent obesity at ages 11 and 14...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648551/science-politics-and-communication-the-case-of-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-us
#6
Myron Allukian, Olivia D Carter-Pokras, Barbara F Gooch, Alice M Horowitz, Hiroko Iida, Matt Jacob, Dushanka V Kleinman, Jayanth Kumar, William R Maas, Howard Pollick, R Gary Rozier
Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S., three-quarters (74.4%) of people on community water supplies have optimally fluoridated water, and each year approximately 90 communities actively consider starting or discontinuing CWF. CWF exists within the policy environment and includes actions taken by local community councils, health and water boards, and groups; state legislatures and health departments; national regulatory and science agencies; independent science entities; and professional and nonprofit organizations...
May 29, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558917/urinary-f2-isoprostanes-and-the-risk-of-hypertension
#7
Charles David Melton, Ruiyan Luo, Brett J Wong, Ivan Spasojevic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Ralph B D'Agostino, Dora Il'yasova
PURPOSE: There is strong biological plausibility for a causal role of reactive oxygen species in vascular pathology but no direct epidemiological evidence linking elevated reactive oxygen species levels to hypertension development. We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between oxidative status (urinary F2-isoprostanes) and hypertension in the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study cohort (n = 831). METHODS: The cohort included non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic black individuals, with 252 (30%) having prevalent hypertension and 579 participants normotensive at baseline, 122 (21%) of whom developed hypertension during the 5-year follow-up...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571913/multidisciplinary-design-and-analytic-approaches-to-advance-prospective-research-on-the-multilevel-determinants-of-child-health
#8
Sara B Johnson, Todd D Little, Katherine Masyn, Paras D Mehta, Sharon R Ghazarian
PURPOSE: Characterizing the determinants of child health and development over time, and identifying the mechanisms by which these determinants operate, is a research priority. The growth of precision medicine has increased awareness and refinement of conceptual frameworks, data management systems, and analytic methods for multilevel data. This article reviews key methodological challenges in cohort studies designed to investigate multilevel influences on child health and strategies to address them...
May 15, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552467/hidden-figures
#9
EDITORIAL
Carol J Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554498/addressing-refugee-health-through-evidence-based-policies-a%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-study
#10
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Olivia Carter-Pokras, J David Ingleby, Kevin Pottie, Nedelina Tchangalova, Sophia I Allen, Julie Smith-Gagen, Bertha Hidalgo
The cumulative total of persons forced to leave their country for fear of persecution or organized violence reached an unprecedented 24.5 million by the end of 2015. Providing equitable access to appropriate health services for these highly diverse newcomers poses challenges for receiving countries. In this case study, we illustrate the importance of translating epidemiology into policy to address the health needs of refugees by highlighting examples of what works as well as identifying important policy-relevant gaps in knowledge...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552469/asthma-and-tobacco-dangerous-liaisons
#11
LETTER
José Ignacio de Granda-Orive, Segismundo Solano-Reina, Ana María de Granda-Beltrán, Carlos Jiménez-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552468/air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-events-at-labor-and-delivery-a-case-crossover-analysis
#12
Sandie Ha, Tuija Männistö, Danping Liu, Seth Sherman, Qi Ying, Pauline Mendola
PURPOSE: In this case-crossover study, we investigated the odds of having a labor/delivery with cardiovascular event (i.e., ischemic heart disease, stroke, heart failure, cardiac arrest/failure, and other or unspecified cardiovascular events) associated with acute exposure to common air pollutants. METHODS: We selected 680 women with singleton pregnancy and cardiovascular events at labor/delivery from 12 U.S. clinical sites (2002-2008). Exposures to six criteria air pollutants, six particulate constituents, and 26 air toxics were obtained using modified Community Multiscale Air Quality models...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641760/heeding-the-call-for-less-casual-causal-inferences-the-utility-of-realized-quantitative-causal-effects
#13
Sharon Schwartz, Nicolle M Gatto, Ulka B Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641759/evaluation-of-a-methodology-to-validate-national-death-index-retrieval-results-among-a-cohort-of-u-s-service-members
#14
Nancy A Skopp, Derek J Smolenski, Daniel A Schwesinger, Christopher J Johnson, Melinda J Metzger-Abamukong, Mark A Reger
PURPOSE: Accurate knowledge of the vital status of individuals is critical to the validity of mortality research. National Death Index (NDI) and NDI-Plus are comprehensive epidemiological resources for mortality ascertainment and cause of death data that require additional user validation. Currently, there is a gap in methods to guide validation of NDI search results rendered for active duty service members. The purpose of this research was to adapt and evaluate the CDC National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) algorithm for mortality ascertainment in a large military cohort...
June 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641758/maternal-intake-of-fried-foods-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Citlalli Osorio-Yáñez, Bizu Gelaye, Chunfang Qiu, Wei Bao, Andres Cardenas, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Michelle A Williams
PURPOSE: We examined the relationship of maternal periconceptional (i.e., before conception and early pregnancy) intake of fried foods with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk. METHODS: In a prospective birth cohort in Seattle and Tacoma, Washington State, USA, we assessed maternal periconceptional fried food intake using a food frequency questionnaire among 3414 participants. We used multivariable generalized linear regression models to derive estimates of relative risks (RRs; and 95% confidence intervals, 95% CIs) of GDM in relation to the intake of different types of fried foods (i...
June 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571914/individual-and-neighborhood-level-contextual-factors-are-associated-with-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-transmission-genotypic-clustering-of-cases-in-michigan-2004-2012
#16
Grace A Noppert, Zhenhua Yang, Philippa Clarke, Wen Ye, Peter Davidson, Mark L Wilson
PURPOSE: Using genotyping data of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from new cases reported to the tuberculosis (TB) surveillance program, we evaluated risk factors for recent TB transmission at both the individual- and neighborhood- levels among U.S.-born and foreign-born populations. METHODS: TB cases (N = 1236) reported in Michigan during 2004 to 2012 were analyzed using multivariable Poisson regression models to examine risk factors for recent transmission cross-sectionally for U...
June 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595738/role-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-in-the-initiation-of-fatal-two-vehicle-crashes
#17
Guohua Li, Stanford Chihuri, Joanne E Brady
PURPOSE: To assess individual and joint effects of alcohol and marijuana on the initiation of fatal two-vehicle crashes. METHODS: Data on 14,742 culpable drivers (initiators) and 14,742 nonculpable drivers (noninitiators) involved in the same fatal two-vehicle crashes between 1993 and 2014 were obtained from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to assess the association of driver use of alcohol, marijuana, or both with fatal crash initiation with adjustment for demographic variables...
May 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595737/weight-gain-during-pregnancy-and-the-black-white-disparity-in-preterm-birth
#18
Stephanie A Leonard, Lucia C Petito, Olof Stephansson, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Lisa M Bodnar, Mahasin S Mujahid, Yvonne Cheng, Barbara Abrams
PURPOSE: To quantify the relationship between pregnancy weight gain with early and late preterm birth and evaluate whether associations differed between non-Hispanic (NH) black and NH white women. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of all live births to NH black and NH white women in the United States 2011-2015 (n = 10,714,983). We used weight gain z-scores in multiple logistic regression models stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and race to calculate population attributable risk (PAR) percentages for the contribution of high and low pregnancy weight gain to early and late preterm birth...
May 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595736/age-gender-and-socioeconomic-gradients-in-metabolic-syndrome-biomarker-evidence-from-a-large-sample-in-taiwan-2005-2013
#19
Hania F Wu, Tony Tam, Lei Jin, Xiang Q Lao, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Xue F Su, Benny Zee
PURPOSE: To examine the age and gender heterogeneities in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) with biomarker data from Taiwan. METHODS: Subjects included 102,201 men and 112,015 women aged 25 and above, from the 2005-2013 MJ Health Survey in Taiwan. SES was measured by education and family income. MetS was defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for Asian population. Logistic regression analyses were performed by age and gender groups...
May 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595735/sex-specific-associations-of-maternal-birthweight-with-offspring-birthweight-in-the-omega-study
#20
Collette N Ncube, Amelia R Gavin, Michelle A Williams, Chunfang Qiu, Tanya K Sorensen, Daniel A Enquobahrie
PURPOSE: We investigated nonlinear and offspring sex-specific associations of maternal birthweight (BW) with offspring BW among participants of the Omega study, a pregnancy cohort. METHODS: Maternal BW was modeled as a continuous variable, linear spline and binary variable indicating low birthweight (LBW; <2500 vs. ≥2500 grams). Offspring BW was modeled as a continuous and binary variable in regression models. Nonlinearity was assessed using likelihood ratio tests (LRTs) in marginal linear spline models...
May 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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