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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605207/kinesiophobia-and-maladaptive-coping-strategies-prevent-improvements-in-pain-catastrophizing-following-pain-neuroscience-education-in-fibromyalgia-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-an-explorative-study
#1
Anneleen Malfliet, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Mieke Dolphens, Ronald Buyl, Jo Nijs
Many patients with chronic fatigue syndrome(CFS) and/or fibromyalgia(FM) have little understanding of their condition, leading to maladaptive pain cognitions and coping strategies. These should be tackled during therapy, for instance by pain neurophysiology education (PNE). Although positive effects of PNE are well-established, it remains unclear why some patients benefit more than others. This paper aims at exploring characteristics of patients responding poor to PNE to further improve its effectiveness. Data from two RCT's were pooled to search for baseline predictors...
June 12, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605206/the-effect-of-a-holistic-self-management-plan-on-asthma-control
#2
Eirini Grammatopoulou, Emmanouil K Skordilis, Aikaterini Haniotou, Zarotis John, Spyros Athanasopoulos
The holistic self-management plan includes lifelong actions that enable patients to cope with their disease. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of a holistic self-management plan on asthma control. A 12-month controlled study was conducted. Adult patients with mild-to-moderate asthma (n = 24) who attended the emergency asthma department were randomized to two groups: One group followed four educational sessions and three personal home sessions (n = 12), while a second group received a short manual with asthma information (n = 12)...
June 12, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590825/the-effects-of-smart-phone-gaming-duration-on-muscle-activation-and-spinal-posture-pilot-study
#3
Joo-Hee Park, Sun-Young Kang, Sa-Gyeom Lee, Hye-Seon Jeon
This study investigates changes in the posture angles of the neck and trunk, together with changes in the muscle activation of users, at the start of and at 5, 10, and 15 minutes of smartphone use. Eighteen males participated in this study. Surface electromyography (EMG) and a digital camera were used to measure the muscle activation and angular changes of the neck and trunk of participants during smartphone use for a period of 16 minutes. Neck and trunk flexion significantly increased at 5, 10, and 15 minutes (p < 0...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590818/work-ability-is-influenced-by-kinesiophobia-among-patients-with-persistent-pain
#4
Mona-Lisa Åkerström, Anna Grimby-Ekman, Mari Lundberg
The purpose of this study was to investigate how kinesiophobia fluctuates in patients over a four weeks multimodal rehabilitation program and to study the relationship between work ability and kinesiophobia. The study included 112 patients (94 women, 18 men). Measurements were made before, directly after, 2 months after, and 12 months after the program. The level of work ability was rated by the patients on a scale from 0% to 100%, and kinesiophobia was measured by the Swedish version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK-SV)...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590815/the-evaluation-of-a-strength-and-balance-exercise-program-for-falls-prevention-in-community-primary-care
#5
Helen Hawley-Hague, Amy Roden, Jo Abbott
We aimed to evaluate a strength and balance program delivered in the community. There is little evidence of implementation of evidence-based exercise in practice. The program was a step-down model, designed to encourage long-term exercise in community classes. The program consisted of a fully funded referral only evidence-based 12-week strength and balance (Community Otago) class, followed by an evidence-based continuous open-access community strength and balance class (Active Always). The program was offered to patients: 1) after formal falls rehabilitation (falls and fracture service); 2) after falls rehabilitation in intermediate care; and 3) referred by a GP who were not eligible for rehabilitation (preventative measure)...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590797/using-the-electronic-medical-record-to-study-the-association-of-child-and-environmental-characteristics-on-the-type-of-physical-therapy-services-delivered-to-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Amy F Bailes, Mary Gannotti, Matthew Fenchel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the intervention type delivered to individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) in a pediatric outpatient medical setting and to identify factors associated with the total amount of service within each type. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and twenty-five individuals with CP (1-33 years) Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS): Level I (n = 152); II (n = 63); III (n = 55); IV (n = 80); and V (n = 75). METHODS: Billing code data was extracted retrospectively from 2008 medical records and categorized to reflect four types: body structures and function (BSF), activity (ACT), environment (ENV), and examination (EXAM)...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590791/using-an-exercise-program-to-improve-activity-tolerance-in-a-female-with-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Mike V Richardson, Amy Nordon-Craft, LeeAnne Carrothers
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is estimated to be at least 500,000 in the United States and is most commonly found in premenopausal females. This syndrome shares clinical features with orthostatic hypotension (OH); however, the inclusion criteria and clinical features for POTS are not well known. The purposes of this case report are to: 1) describe the common clinical features of POTS and highlight the differences to orthostatic hypotension and 2) discuss physical therapy management of patients with POTS using exercise...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590789/addressing-weight-stigma-in-physiotherapy-development-of-a-theory-driven-approach-to-re-thinking-weight-related-interactions
#8
J Setchell, M Gard, L Jones, B M Watson
In this paper, we propose a theory-driven approach to developing interventions for reducing weight stigma in physiotherapy and discuss the design and exploratory trial of such an intervention. Weight stigma has been identified in physiotherapists in empirical investigations. However, there has been little consideration of how this stigma might be addressed. We highlight Goffman's work on stigma that provides social and embodied understandings of stigma. Goffman's approach, however, is notably apolitical, ahistorical and lacks mechanisms for understanding power...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509608/differential-diagnosis-and-recovery-of-acute-bilateral-foot-drop-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#9
Melanie Lomaglio, Bob Canale
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute bilateral foot drop is rare and may be due to peripheral or central lesions. The purpose of this case report was to describe the differential diagnosis and recovery of a patient with low back pain (LBP) that awoke with bilateral foot drop. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old man with a history of LBP awoke with a steppage gait pattern. Spinal imaging and tapping were negative for sinister pathologies. A subsequent history taken by the physical therapist uncovered that the patient had previously taken a narcotic and slept in a kneeling position to relieve his LBP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509604/moving-forth-imagining-physiotherapy-education-differently
#10
Sarah Barradell
Contemporary and future physiotherapists are, and will be, presented with challenges different to their forebears. Yet, physiotherapy tends to remain tied to historical ways of seeing the world: these are passed down to generations of physiotherapy graduates. These historical perspectives privilege particular knowledge and skills so that students gain competency for graduation. However, contemporary practice is inherently more complex than the focus on knowledge and skills would have us believe. Professional life requires students to develop the capability to deal with uncertain and diverse futures...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481667/practices-of-nigerian-physiotherapists-with-respect-to-lifestyle-risk-factor-assessment-and-intervention-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Mary Oguma Ogaga, Elizabeth Dean
BACKGROUND: Resolutions of the World Health Organization and World Confederation for Physical Therapy declare health promotion a priority for health professionals including physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE: To describe lifestyle-related risk factor assessment and intervention practices of Nigerian physiotherapists, their perceived barriers to such practices, and education needs. METHODS: Physiotherapists (n = 650) were invited to complete a questionnaire with 23 questions about respondent demographics, lifestyle risk factor assessment, and management practices; barriers to such practices; and related education needs...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481192/assessing-postural-balance-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-validity-of-the-bdl-balance-scale
#12
Ingrid M Claesson, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Johan Lökk, Agneta Ståhle
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a valid assessment test of balance in early Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To validate the Bäckstrand Dahlberg Liljenäs Balance Scale (BDL), a test of balance performance constructed to assess mild to moderate balance disability due to neurological disease, for use in persons with early PD. METHODS: Cross-sectional psychometric evaluation study from a convenience sample community-dwelling persons with PD (n = 28)...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481173/sustaining-and-improving-an-international-service-learning-partnership-evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-service-delivery-model
#13
Lorna M Hayward, Li Li
BACKGROUND: International service learning (ISL) is an instructional method used by physical therapist educators in the United States (US) to prepare students for rendering culturally competent care. ISL is a faculty led student learning opportunity that includes academic instruction and community service in an international context. Research exists that explores student experiences with ISL, but studies that evaluate ISL partnerships and include global stakeholder feedback are lacking...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481165/methods-of-practice-listening-to-the-story
#14
Elizabeth Smythe, Steven G White
This paper views the experience of "hip pain" through the lenses of multiple stakeholders: the patient experiencing such pain, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists. Using an interpretative hermeneutic view, the method by which each encountered and dealt with living with, diagnosing, and managing hip pain is revealed. Stories of seven participants were obtained through personal interviews. These stories provided accounts and the perspectives of the various participants. A gap in the health service emerged, with the expectations of the patients not being met by the healthcare providers...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379061/perceived-risks-and-benefits-of-hippotherapy-among-parents-of-children-currently-engaged-in-or-waiting-for-hippotherapy-a-pilot-study
#15
Audrey Léveillé, Annie Rochette, Carolyne Mainville
OBJECTIVE: Explore the perceived risks and benefits of hippotherapy among parents of children currently engaged in or waiting rehabilitation using hippotherapy. METHOD: Phenomenological qualitative exploratory pilot study. An interview guide validated by experts was used to conduct the interviews. Summaries were written to capture first impressions. One team member coded the transcripts and the coding was validated by the research team through discussion until consensus was reached...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379051/the-reliability-of-assessing-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-length-and-strength-in-adults-with-and-without-mild-neck-pain
#16
Michael T Cibulka, Jessica Herren, Anne Kilian, Steven Smith, Fatima Mahmutovic, Courtney Dolles
BACKGROUND: The sternocleidomastoid (SCM) is an important cervical spine muscle. Weakness of the SCM muscle has been implicated with cervical problems. No studies have examined the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle length or strength. Also no studies exist that have looked to see if imbalances in SCM muscle length or strength exists between the left and right sides in those with and without neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle for length and strength and to see if SCM length could predict SCM strength in those with and without neck pain...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350207/can-metabolic-function-and-physical-fitness-improve-without-weight-loss-for-inactive-obese-hispanic-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#17
Wayne Brewer, Sharon Olson, Agneta Sunehag
INTRODUCTION: A case series that examines the effects of a 12-week combined resistance and aerobic training program for four sedentary obese, Hispanic adolescents without weight loss. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Baseline and post-intervention anthropometric, metabolic and physical fitness measures were obtained. Body composition, hepatic, visceral, and intramuscular fat contents were analyzed via imaging. Fasting levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), insulin, glucose, free fatty acids, triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and C-reactive protein were obtained via blood samples...
March 28, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590787/-in-the-physio-we-trust-a-qualitative-study-on-patients-preferences-for-physiotherapy
#18
Susanne Bernhardsson, Maria E H Larsson, Kajsa Johansson, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Patients' preferences should be integrated in evidence-based practice. This study aimed to explore patients' preferences for physiotherapy treatment and participation in decision making. METHODS: A qualitative study set in an urban physiotherapy clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 individuals who sought physiotherapy for musculoskeletal disorders. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557625/a-home-based-body-weight-supported-treadmill-training-program-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-series
#19
Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman, Ashley Hefferan, Peter McCrary, Barbara J Baker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contemporary approaches to the treatment of cerebral palsy (CP) advocate a task-specific approach that emphasizes repetition and practice of specific tasks. Recent studies suggest that body-weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) programs may be beneficial in clinical settings. The purposes of this case series were to explore the outcomes and feasibility of a home-based BWSTT program for three children with CP. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three children with CP at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) Levels III or IV participated in this case series...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557606/decomposition-of-postural-movements-in-individuals-with-mild-tbi-while-reaching-to-intercept-a-moving-virtual-target
#20
Ksenia I Ustinova
The study analyzed postural and arm movement coordinations in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) while standing and reaching for a target moving in a 3D virtual environment. Thirteen individuals with mild TBI and 13 height, sex, and age-matched healthy control individuals were involved. While standing in front of the screen, the participants interacted with the projected environment by reaching for virtual targets. Coordination was analyzed as the percentage of reach-to-intercept cycle time during which their movement toward the target was decomposed with 0% indicating simultaneous motion in three planes or 100% indicating motion in one or two planes only...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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