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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324082/sensory-dissociation-in-chronic-low-back-pain-two-case-reports
#1
Wacław M Adamczyk, Kerstin Luedtke, Oskar Saulicz, Edward Saulicz
Patients with chronic low back pain often report that they do not perceive their painful back accurately. Previous studies confirmed that sensory dissociation and/or discrepancy between perceived body image and actual size is one of the specific traits of patients with chronic pain. Current approaches for measuring sensory dissociation are limited to two-point-discrimination or rely on pain drawings not allowing for quantitative analysis. This case study reports the sensory dissociation of two cases with chronic low back pain using a recently published test (point-to-point-test (PTP)) and a newly developed test (two-point-estimation (TPE))...
January 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319390/an-exploration-of-pain-experiences-and-their-meaning-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Annemarie L Lee, Samantha L Harrison, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which negatively influences quality of life and psychological well-being. However, our understanding of how those with COPD interpret the experience of pain is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore how individuals with moderate to severe COPD experience pain. METHODS: Eight patients diagnosed with COPD who reported experiencing pain for greater than three months participated in in-depth interviews...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319387/relationship-between-physical-activity-disability-and-physical-fitness-profile-in-sedentary-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Alexis Ortiz, Maribel Tirado, Daniel C Hughes, Velda Gonzalez, JaeJoon Song, Scherezade K Mama, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: To report baseline data from a physical activity (PA) intervention for Latina breast cancer survivors, and assess the relationship between PA, fitness, and disability. METHODS: Eighty-nine Latina breast cancer survivors from San Juan, PR and Houston, TX (age: 55.4 ± 9.9 years; BMI: 29.87 ± 5.62 kg/m2; ≥ 3 months post-treatment) participated in this study. At baseline participants completed fitness testing (six-minute walk test [6MWT], 30-second sit-stand; grip strength, lower and upper extremity and low back strength, shoulder range of motion, balance testing), and assessment of physical activity (PA) and disability...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319386/the-effects-of-pain-neuroscience-education-and-exercise-on-pain-muscle-endurance-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-in-adolescents-with-chronic-idiopathic-neck-pain-a-school-based-pilot-randomized-and-controlled-study
#4
Rosa Andias, Maritza Neto, Anabela G Silva
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education (PNE) and neck/shoulder exercises with no intervention in adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP). METHODS: Forty-three adolescents with CINP were randomly allocated to receive PNE and shoulder/neck exercises (n = 21) or no intervention (n = 22). Data on pain intensity, neck flexor and extensor muscles endurance, scapular stabilizers endurance, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and knowledge of pain neurophysiology were collected...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319384/-student-y-or-studious-an-exploration-of-students-perceptions-of-parallel-learning-in-preregistration-physiotherapy-education
#5
James Milligan, Kate Grafton, John A Hammond
BACKGROUND/AIM: Within the United Kingdom (UK), physiotherapy preregistration training is provided at both undergraduate and postgraduate level at 17 higher education institutions (HEIs). Some course teams approach this by teaching preregistration BSc and MSc students simultaneously to meet the same learning outcomes. This is often termed "parallel learning" and it is not known how students perceive this mode of learning. The aim of the study was to explore the perceived benefits and challenges to parallel learning of preregistration BSc and MSc physiotherapy students...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319380/a-short-structured-skills-training-course-for-critical-care-physiotherapists-in-a-lower-middle-income-country
#6
Sanjeewa Tunpattu, Victoria Newey, Chathurani Sigera, Pubudu De Silva, Amal Goonarathna, Iranga Aluthge, Pasan Thambavita, Rohan Perera, Amila Meegahawatte, Ilhaam Isaam, Arjen M Dondorp, Rashan Haniffa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to describe the delivery and acceptability of a short, structured training course for critical care physiotherapy and its effects on the knowledge and skills of the participants in Sri Lanka, a lower-middle income country. METHODS: The two-day program combining short didactic sessions with small group workshops and skills stations was developed and delivered by local facilitators in partnership with an overseas specialist physiotherapist trainer...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319373/clinical-learning-spaces-crucibles-for-practice-development-in-physiotherapy-clinical-education
#7
Narelle Patton, Joy Higgs, Megan Smith
This paper, through a deep examination of clinical workplaces as learning spaces, uses a holistic interpretation of clinical education and offers a practice development crucible metaphor as a useful way to deepen how clinical education can be conceptualized. An in-depth conceptualization of clinical education is needed if educators are able to develop wise educational practice and optimize the time students spend in clinical learning settings. The research reported here was undertaken in the qualitative paradigm guided by philosophical hermeneutics...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308969/social-cognitive-or-learning-theory-use-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-musculoskeletal-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Cameron Ghazi, John Nyland, Rumeal Whaley, Thomas Rogers, Jeff Wera, Cameron Henzman
OBJECTIVE: To review the rehabilitation research methodological quality and intervention effectiveness of studies that used social cognitive or learning theory principles to improve self-efficacy in patients with orthopedic or musculoskeletal conditions. DESIGN: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of peer reviewed studies published in English was performed using the OVID and SPORTDiscus databases. Initial search terms were "social cognitive theory" or "social learning theory" combined with "rehabilitation"...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308967/effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-a-meta-analysis-in-clinical-trials
#9
Karina Tamy Kasawara, Jéssica Monique Rossetti Mapa, Vilma Ferreira, Marco Aurélio Nemitalla Added, Silvia Regina Shiwa, Nelson Carvas, Patricia Andrade Batista
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is known as a secondary complication of breast cancer treatment, caused by reduction on lymphatic flow and lymph accumulation on interstitial space. The Kinesio Taping (KT) has become an alternative treatment for lymphedema volume reduction. The objective of the study was to evaluate the literature through a systematic review on KT effects on lymphedema related to breast cancer. METHODS: Search strategies were performed by the following keywords: "Kinesio Taping," "Athletic Tape," "Cancer," "Neoplasm," "Lymphedema," and "Mastectomy" with derivations and different combinations...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308964/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-standardized-mensendieck-test-in-relation-to-disability-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#10
Paul Keessen, Jolanda Maaskant, Bart Visser
The standardized Mensendieck test (SMT) was developed to quantify posture, movement, gait, and respiration. In the hands of an experienced therapist, the SMT is proven to be a reliable tool. It is unclear whether posture, movement, gait, and respiration are related to the degree of functional disability in patients with chronic pain. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and convergent validity of the SMT in a heterogeneous sample of 50 patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach's α and interrater reliability by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308963/pelvic-floor-symptoms-physical-and-psychological-outcomes-of-patients-following-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#11
Kuan-Yin Lin, Linda Denehy, Helena C Frawley, Lisa Wilson, Catherine L Granger
BACKGROUND: Little has been published regarding general and pelvic floor-related health status in patients who have undergone surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess changes in pelvic floor symptoms, physical activity levels, psychological status, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with CRC from pre- to 6 months postoperatively. METHODS: Pelvic floor symptoms, physical activity levels, anxiety and depression, and HRQoL of 30 participants who were undergoing surgery for stages I-III CRC were evaluated pre- and 6 months postoperatively...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308962/pain-diminishing-effects-of-kinesio%C3%A2-taping-after-median-sternotomy
#12
Rabea Brockmann, Hans-Michael Klein
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain and severe side effects of opioid analgesics present a clinical challenge after cardio-thoracic surgery. In this study, the impact of Kinesio® taping on postoperative morbidity after median sternotomy was observed. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (mean age 66 ± 9 years, CI: 63.28; 68.98) who underwent median sternotomy between 09/2014 and 11/2014 participated in this prospective randomized controlled trial. Patients were assigned into a treatment on a non-treatment group...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308961/factors-associated-with-patient-satisfaction-in-student-led-physiotherapy-clinics-a-qualitative-study
#13
Dr Roma Forbes, Damien Nolan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Student-led physiotherapy clinics are a valuable means for providing clinical education opportunities for student learning and providing cost-effective services to the public. Understanding patient satisfaction within the student-led physiotherapy clinic setting is important to inform organizational, educational, and clinical processes that aim to balance both student learning experiences and quality patient care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional qualitative design using semi-structured interviews...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308958/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-misunderstood-and-wrongly-treated-a-semiotic-perspective-on-chronic-pain
#14
Kari Irene H Busvold, Hilde Bondevik
Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are a significant and increasing health issue in the western world. Chronic pain constitutes a considerable element of these symptoms, and the lack of a biomedical explanation of their cause challenges the clinical encounter. The limitations of biomedicine become evident in these encounters and expose the need for an expanded understanding of body and symptom. Semiotics, as an anti-dualistic meta-theory, closes the gap between natural science and the humanities and views the human body in an evolutionary and existential perspective...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308957/validity-of-eyeball-estimation-for-range-of-motion-during-the-cervical-flexion-rotation-test-compared-to-an-ultrasound-based-movement-analysis-system
#15
Axel Schäfer, Kerstin Lüdtke, Franziska Breuel, Nikolas Gerloff, Maren Knust, Christian Kollitsch, Alex Laukart, Laura Matej, Antje Müller, Thomas Schöttker-Königer, Toby Hall
Headache is a common and costly health problem. Although pathogenesis of headache is heterogeneous, one reported contributing factor is dysfunction of the upper cervical spine. The flexion rotation test (FRT) is a commonly used diagnostic test to detect upper cervical movement impairment. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate concurrent validity of detecting high cervical ROM impairment during the FRT by comparing measurements established by an ultrasound-based system (gold standard) with eyeball estimation...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308956/management-of-a-patient-s-gait-abnormality-using-smartphone-technology-in-clinic-for-improved-qualitative-analysis-a-case-report
#16
William R VanWye, Donald L Hoover
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Qualitative analysis has its limitations as the speed of human movement often occurs more quickly than can be comprehended. Digital video allows for frame-by-frame analysis, and therefore likely more effective interventions for gait dysfunction. Although the use of digital video outside laboratory settings, just a decade ago, was challenging due to cost and time constraints, rapid use of smartphones and software applications has made this technology much more practical for clinical usage...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308955/a-qualitative-study-of-clinical-reasoning-in-physiotherapy-with-preterm-infants-and-their-parents-action-and-interaction
#17
Ragnhild B Håkstad, Aud Obstfelder, Gunn Kristin Øberg
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists (PTs) in primary health care provide services to preterm infants and their parents after hospital discharge. The service should be collaborative and individualized to meet the family's needs. In this study, we analyze pediatric PTs' collaborative work in the clinical setting and investigate the PTs' emerging clinical reasoning (CR) in interaction with the infant and parent(s). METHODS: The study is based on observations of 20 physical therapy sessions and 20 interviews with PTs...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308954/can-pain-beliefs-change-in-middle-school-students-a-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-pain-neuroscience-education
#18
Adriaan Louw, Jessie Podalak, Kory Zimney, Stephen Schmidt, Emilio J Puentedura
Pain neuroscience education (PNE) is an educational strategy aimed at teaching people more about pain from a neurobiological and neurophysiological perspective. Current best-evidence provides strong support for PNE to positively influence pain ratings, dysfunctions, fear-avoidance and pain catastrophization, limitations in movement, pain knowledge, and healthcare utilization. To date, all PNE studies have been conducted on adult populations. This study set out to explore if an abbreviated PNE lecture to middle school children would result in a positive shift in pain knowledge as well as healthier beliefs regarding pain...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308952/efficiency-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-a-comparison-of-elicited-force-and-subject-tolerance-using-three-electrical-waveforms
#19
James W Bellew, Molly Allen, Austin Biefnes, Sara Grantham, James Miglin, Dylan Swartzell
OBJECTIVE: Efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is limited by the discomfort of electrically elicited contractions. Most studies of tolerance to NMES have examined stimulation to maximal tolerance. NMES efficiency is the amount of elicited force at a specific level of tolerance. This study is the first to describe and examine such. DESIGN: A repeated measures design was used. Electrically elicited force (EEF) was measured using three waveforms: burst-modulated alternating current (BMAC), pulsed current (PC), and burst-modulated pulsed current (BMPC)...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308950/the-effects-of-exercise-on-perception-of-verticality-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Gozde Yagci, Yavuz Yakut, Engin Simsek
PURPOSE: Visual and proprioceptive cues are important for body orientation to maintain correct posture. This study investigated the effects of exercise training on subjective visual, postural, and haptic perception of verticality in patients with scoliosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two female adolescents with moderate idiopathic scoliosis were randomly allocated to "Core Stabilization Exercise (CSE)," "Body Awareness," or "Traditional Exercise (TE)" groups. Each group completed a 1-hour supervised program, two days per week for 10 weeks while continuing to wear spinal braces...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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