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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131689/do-pedometers-with-or-without-education-on-exercise-increase-functional-walking-capacity-and-physical-activity-level-in-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
Jill Blitz, Sara M Stern, Katherine Marzan
To evaluate the impact of pedometer use on the physical activity (PA) and functional walking capacity (FWC) of adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and lower extremity (LE) involvement. Twenty-seven adolescents, aged 11-19 years with JIA and LE involvement, participated in the three-phase pedometer study that introduced the use of a pedometer and an education seminar at 6 weeks. Measurements were taken at the baseline first visit and at weeks 6, 12, and 20. The primary outcome measure was the 6-minute walk test (6MWT)...
November 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125380/breathing-pattern-recordings-using-respiratory-inductive-plethysmography-before-and-after-a-physiotherapy-breathing-retraining-program-for-asthma-a-case-report
#2
Rokhsaneh Tehrany, Ruth DeVos, Anne Bruton
Breathing retraining (BR) improves symptoms, psychological well-being and quality of life in adults with asthma; but there remains uncertainty as to mechanism of effect. One of the intuitively logical theories is that BR works through altering breathing pattern. There is currently no evidence, however, that BR does result in measurable changes in breathing pattern. In this case report we describe the effects of physiotherapy BR on a 57-year-old female with a 10-year history of asthma. Data were collected before and after a physiotherapy BR program comprising three sessions over 18 weeks: breathing pattern (respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP); physiology (end tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), heart rate, oxygen saturations, spirometric lung function); questionnaires (Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score, Nijmegen Questionnaire); and medication usage...
November 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125371/telerehabilitation-booster-sessions-and-remote-patient-monitoring-in-the-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-case-series
#3
Seth Peterson
BACKGROUND: Improvements in chronic low back pain (CLBP) seen in physical therapy do not appear to be retained over the long term. Booster sessions have been proposed, but barriers exist to their implementation. Telerehabilitation (TR) and remote patient monitoring (RPM) may be ways to circumvent these barriers. The purpose of this case series was to describe the implementation of TR booster sessions and RPM in three patients with CLBP. CASE SERIES: Three females with CLBP tracked their daily pain level and home exercise program adherence using a mobile phone application for 12 months following discharge from traditional face-to-face physical therapy...
November 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120261/effects-of-vision-and-cognitive-load-on-static-postural-control-in-subjects-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#4
Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh, Saeed Talebian, Soofia Naghdi, Mahyar Salavati, Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of vision and cognitive load on static postural control in subjects with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). METHODS: Twenty-eight PFPS patients and 28 controls participated in the study. Postural control was assessed in isolation as well as with visual manipulation and cognitive loading on symptomatic limb. The outcome measures of postural control were quantified in terms of area, anterior-posterior (AP), medial-lateral (ML), and mean velocity (MV) of the displacements of center of pressure (COP)...
November 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120260/physiotherapists-encounters-with-obese-patients-exploring-how-embodied-approaches-gain-significance
#5
Karen Synne Groven, Kristin Heggen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is regarded as a modern lifestyle problem, causing illness, stigma, discrimination, and psychological problems. To help patients avoid these problems, physiotherapists increasingly engage in lifestyle programs specialized in weight loss. OBJECTIVE: To explore how physiotherapists' encounters with patients diagnosed as "obese" acquire significance for their development as clinicians. METHOD: The material draws on semi-structured interviews with eight physiotherapists...
November 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120251/validity-of-the-flemish-working-alliance-inventory-in-a-dutch-physiotherapy-setting-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain
#6
Yasmaine Karel, Marloes Thoomes-De Graaf, Gwendolijne Scholten-Peeters, Paulo Ferreira, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Bart W Koes, Arianne P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Working alliance is the interaction between the patient and therapist. It is a crucial part of the physiotherapeutic process. One instrument to measure working alliance is available in Dutch/Flemish language and validated in psychotherapy setting. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to validate the Working Alliance Inventory Short-Form in a Dutch physiotherapy setting. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study in primary-care physiotherapy. METHOD: To validate the Dutch/Flemish version of the working alliance inventory short-form (WAV-12) a RASCH analysis was used...
November 9, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111859/effect-of-physical-therapy-management-of-nonspecific-low-back-pain-with-exercise-addiction-behaviors-a-case-series
#7
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Murugavel Manivasagam, Vivian Tie Suk Kee, Uta Meyding-Lamade
This case series describes two patients, aged 35 and 45 years, respectively, who presented with chronic nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) having exercise addiction (EA) behaviors. Diagnosis of EA was based on clinical findings, exercising patterns and withdrawal symptoms along with high scores in the EA inventory. This report is a potential first-time description of the successful physical therapy management of NSLBP associated with EA utilizing pain neuroscience education (with individualized curriculum), mindfulness, breathing, quota-based reduction in exercises and modification of exercises into social participation, pleasure activities and hobbies...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111857/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-movement-and-palpation-tests-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
Anders Jonsson, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
Neck pain is common and often becomes chronic. Various clinical tests of the cervical spine are used to direct and evaluate treatment. This systematic review aimed to identify studies examining the intra- and/or interrater reliability of tests used in clinical examination of patients with neck pain. A database search up to April 2016 was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, and AMED. The Quality Appraisal of Reliability Studies Checklist (QAREL) was used to assess risk of bias. Eleven studies were included, comprising tests of active and passive movement and pain evaluating participants with ongoing neck pain...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111852/emg-triggered-stimulation-post-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#9
Maryam Zoghi, Mary P Galea
BACKGROUND: Mechanical injury in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) rarely transects the cord completely, even when the injury is classified as complete. These patients can show sub-clinical evidence of spared motor connections, which might be amenable to targeted rehabilitation. Neurophysiological evaluations can complement the clinical evaluation by providing objective data about conduction across the SCI site. CASE DESCRIPTION: A twenty-four year old patient with SCI was admitted to a rehabilitation centre 49 days post traumatic SCI...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111849/does-taping-in-addition-to-physiotherapy-improve-the-outcomes-in-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
Ismail Saracoglu, Yusuf Emuk, Ferruh Taspinar
BACKGROUND: Taping is used with or without other interventions for many purposes, especially to manage pain and improve functional activity in patients with shoulder pain. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to determine whether any taping technique in addition to physiotherapy care is more effective than physiotherapy care alone in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. METHODS: A systematic search of Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, MEDLINE (EBSCO), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), CINAHL (EBSCO), PUBMED, AMED, EMBASE (OVID), The Kinesio Kinesio® Taping Method, Kinesio® Tex Tape UK and International websites ( www...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111847/validation-of-the-manual-inclinometer-and-flexicurve-for-the-measurement-of-thoracic-kyphosis
#11
Eva Barrett, Brian Lenehan, Kieran O'sullivan, Jeremy Lewis, Karen McCreesh
INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapists commonly use the manual inclinometer and Flexicurve for the clinical measurement of thoracic spinal posture. The aim of this study is to examine the concurrent validity of the Flexicurve and manual inclinometer in relation to the radiographic Cobb angle for the measurement of thoracic kyphosis. METHODS: Eleven subjects (seven males, four females) underwent a sagittal plane spinal radiograph. Immediately following the radiograph, a physiotherapist measured thoracic kyphosis using the Flexicurve and manual inclinometer before the subjects moved from position...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111843/experience-of-using-non-invasive-ventilation-as-an-adjunct-to-airway-clearance-techniques-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-qualitative-study
#12
Maria Cecilia Rodriguez Hortal, Anna Hedborg, Gabriele Biguet, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Adults with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer from abnormally thick mucus that is difficult to clear from the airways. Different airway clearance techniques (ACTs) can be used to clear secretions and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) can be used as an adjunct to these techniques. ACTs are ideally introduced at the time of diagnosis and thereafter modified throughout the patient's lifespan and disease progress. PURPOSE: The research aim was to describe adult patients' views and experiences with using NIV as an adjunct to ACT...
November 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068767/reliability-and-a-correlational-analysis-of-the-6mwt-ten-meter-walk-test-thirty-second-sit-to-stand-and-the-linear-analog-scale-of-function-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Melissa M Eden, James Tompkins, Joseph L Verheijde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the test-retest reliability of and relationships between various measures of physical function in a cohort of individuals in the early treatment stages for head and neck cancer (HNC). METHODS: The Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), 10-Meter Walk Test (10MWT), 30-Second Sit to Stand (30STS), and Linear Analog Scale of Function (LASF) were administered to 42 participants with a diagnosis of HNC. Test-retest reliability and correlations between the measures are reported...
October 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068762/persian-translation-and-validation-of-the-back-pain-functional-scale
#14
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Fatemeh Habibzadeh, Nasser Salsabili, Safoora Ebadi
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported questionnaires provide important tools that can be utilized for the assessment of treatment efficacy in clinic and research. This study aimed to translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Back Pain Functional Scale into Persian (BPFSp). METHODS: In this cross-sectional and prospective cohort of adult patients with low back pain (LBP), the translation and adaptation was performed according to standardized guidelines and pretested (n = 30)...
October 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068747/clinical-reasoning-of-filipino-physical-therapists-experiences-in-a-developing-nation
#15
Esmerita R Rotor, Catherine M Capio
Clinical reasoning is essential for physical therapists to engage in the process of client care, and has been known to contribute to professional development. The literature on clinical reasoning and experiences have been based on studies from Western and developed nations, from which multiple influencing factors have been found. A developing nation, the Philippines, has distinct social, economic, political, and cultural circumstances. Using a phenomenological approach, this study explored experiences of Filipino physical therapists on clinical reasoning...
October 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068746/physiotherapy-students-perceived-stress-stressors-and-reactions-to-stressors-a-comparative-study-between-sweden-and-the-netherlands
#16
Audy-Paul Hodselmans, Elin Hemdal, Sophie Lundberg, Anna Bjarnegård, Hans Hobbelen, Ulla Svantesson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies of healthcare students report increased levels of stress, with academic pressures being the greatest source. The objective of this study was to examine the differences in the overall stress level, stressors, and reactions to stressors between physiotherapy students at the University of Gothenburg (GU) and those at the Hanze University of Applied Sciences (HUAS). METHODS: The Student-life Stress Inventory was used. The participants (n = 116) included physiotherapy students at GU and HUAS...
October 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064734/characteristics-of-general-movements-in-preterm-infants-assessed-by-computer-based-video-analysis
#17
Lars Adde, Hong Yang, Rannei Sæther, Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Espen Ihlen, Jia-Yan Cao, Ragnhild Støen
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that the variability of the spatial center of infant movements, calculated by computer-based video analysis software, can identify fidgety general movements (GMs) and predict cerebral palsy. AIM: To evaluate whether computer-based video analysis quantifies specific characteristics of normal fidgety movements as opposed to writhing general movements. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was applied. Twenty-seven low-to moderate-risk preterm infants (20 boys, 7 girls; mean gestational age 32 [SD 2...
October 24, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#18
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937849/neurodynamic-mobilization-in-a-collegiate-long-jumper-with-exercise-induced-lateral-leg-and-ankle-pain-a-case-report
#19
Terry Cox, Tom Sneed, Herb Hamann
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case report is to describe nerve mobilization in the treatment of lower extremity neuropathic pain in a female collegiate long jumper. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21 year-old long jumper presented 7 months after onset of ankle and leg pain. She complained of "aching" pain over the lateral ankle, radiating proximally to just superior to the lateral knee. Neurodynamic testing of the sural and superficial branch of the fibular nerves was positive...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937837/lung-function-functional-capacity-and-respiratory-symptoms-at-discharge-from-hospital-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jenny S Danielsbacka, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Per-Olof Hansson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cardiovascular disease with symptoms including respiratory associated chest pain (RACP) and dyspnea. No previous studies exist focusing on lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge after PE. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine and describe lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge in patients with PE and compare to reference values. PATIENTS/METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with PE admitted to the Acute Medical Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, were included...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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