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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541784/one-year-follow-up-of-basic-body-awareness-therapy-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-small-intervention-study-of-effects-on-movement-quality-ptsd-symptoms-and-movement-experiences
#1
Conny Blaauwendraat, Adrienne Levy Berg, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten
The present study with mixed methods design evaluated the long-term effects of Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) for patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fifteen patients received 12 individual sessions of BBAT treatment as usual (TAU) when needed. The patients were assessed at baseline (T0), directly after treatment (T1) and at one-year follow-up (T2), using the Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R)...
May 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541770/sonographic-evaluation-of-diaphragmatic-function-during-breathing-control
#2
A Y M Jones, S P C Ngai, M T C Ying, N R Morris, E L Laakso, S W Y Lee, S M Parry
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of "breathing control" on sonographic diaphragmatic excursion. METHOD: A prospective, randomized, assessor-blinded study design involving 20 physiotherapy students; ten with knowledge of the breathing control technique (Group BC) and ten without (Group CON). All participants were asked to perform a Chester step test. Group BC performed BC, while Group CON adopted their own breathing pattern during recovery after the step test...
May 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509654/clinical-reasoning-embodied-meaning-making-in-physiotherapy
#3
Anoop Chowdhury, Wenche Schrøder Bjorbækmo
This article examines physiotherapists' lived experience of practicing physiotherapy in primary care, focusing on clinical reasoning and decision-making in the case of a patient we call Eva. The material presented derives from a larger study involving two women participants, both with a protracted history of neck and shoulder pain. A total of eight sessions, all of them conducted by the first author, a professional physiotherapist, in his own practice room, were videotaped, after which the first author transcribed the sessions and added reflective notes...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#4
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509608/differential-diagnosis-and-recovery-of-acute-bilateral-foot-drop-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#5
Melanie Lomaglio, Bob Canale
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute bilateral foot drop is rare and may be due to peripheral or central lesions. The purpose of this case report was to describe the differential diagnosis and recovery of a patient with low back pain (LBP) that awoke with bilateral foot drop. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old man with a history of LBP awoke with a steppage gait pattern. Spinal imaging and tapping were negative for sinister pathologies. A subsequent history taken by the physical therapist uncovered that the patient had previously taken a narcotic and slept in a kneeling position to relieve his LBP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509604/moving-forth-imagining-physiotherapy-education-differently
#6
Sarah Barradell
Contemporary and future physiotherapists are, and will be, presented with challenges different to their forebears. Yet, physiotherapy tends to remain tied to historical ways of seeing the world: these are passed down to generations of physiotherapy graduates. These historical perspectives privilege particular knowledge and skills so that students gain competency for graduation. However, contemporary practice is inherently more complex than the focus on knowledge and skills would have us believe. Professional life requires students to develop the capability to deal with uncertain and diverse futures...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509596/joint-moment-angle-properties-of-the-hip-abductors-and-hip-extensors
#7
Curtis Kindel, John Challis
PURPOSE: Strengthening of hip joint musculature is common in the rehabilitation of the lower extremity. However, strength curves for hip abduction and extension have not been assessed when varying the position of the knee. The force-length properties of the biarticular muscles can be affected when altering the position of the knee during the production of hip moments. METHODS: Maximum isometric joint moments were measured at four different angles of hip abduction and hip extension, at the two knee positions (0° and 90°)...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481667/practices-of-nigerian-physiotherapists-with-respect-to-lifestyle-risk-factor-assessment-and-intervention-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Mary Oguma Ogaga, Elizabeth Dean
BACKGROUND: Resolutions of the World Health Organization and World Confederation for Physical Therapy declare health promotion a priority for health professionals including physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE: To describe lifestyle-related risk factor assessment and intervention practices of Nigerian physiotherapists, their perceived barriers to such practices, and education needs. METHODS: Physiotherapists (n = 650) were invited to complete a questionnaire with 23 questions about respondent demographics, lifestyle risk factor assessment, and management practices; barriers to such practices; and related education needs...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481192/assessing-postural-balance-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-validity-of-the-bdl-balance-scale
#9
Ingrid M Claesson, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Johan Lökk, Agneta Ståhle
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a valid assessment test of balance in early Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To validate the Bäckstrand Dahlberg Liljenäs Balance Scale (BDL), a test of balance performance constructed to assess mild to moderate balance disability due to neurological disease, for use in persons with early PD. METHODS: Cross-sectional psychometric evaluation study from a convenience sample community-dwelling persons with PD (n = 28)...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481173/sustaining-and-improving-an-international-service-learning-partnership-evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-service-delivery-model
#10
Lorna M Hayward, Li Li
BACKGROUND: International service learning (ISL) is an instructional method used by physical therapist educators in the United States (US) to prepare students for rendering culturally competent care. ISL is a faculty led student learning opportunity that includes academic instruction and community service in an international context. Research exists that explores student experiences with ISL, but studies that evaluate ISL partnerships and include global stakeholder feedback are lacking...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481165/methods-of-practice-listening-to-the-story
#11
Elizabeth Smythe, Steven G White
This paper views the experience of "hip pain" through the lenses of multiple stakeholders: the patient experiencing such pain, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists. Using an interpretative hermeneutic view, the method by which each encountered and dealt with living with, diagnosing, and managing hip pain is revealed. Stories of seven participants were obtained through personal interviews. These stories provided accounts and the perspectives of the various participants. A gap in the health service emerged, with the expectations of the patients not being met by the healthcare providers...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481125/does-kinesiophobia-affect-the-early-functional-outcomes-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Hande Güney-Deniz, Gizem Irem Kınıklı, Ömür Çağlar, Bülent Atilla, İnci Yüksel
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of kinesiophobia on early functional outcomes in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and how kinesiophobia is related to functional outcomes and pain. The Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), 2-minute walk test (2-MWT), and the timed up and go test (TUG) were used to assess 46 TKA patients on discharge day. The pain levels and active knee flexion range of motion (ROM) were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups as high kinesiophobia (Group I, n = 22) and low kinesiophobia (Group II, n = 24) based on the TSK levels...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379061/perceived-risks-and-benefits-of-hippotherapy-among-parents-of-children-currently-engaged-in-or-waiting-for-hippotherapy-a-pilot-study
#13
Audrey Léveillé, Annie Rochette, Carolyne Mainville
OBJECTIVE: Explore the perceived risks and benefits of hippotherapy among parents of children currently engaged in or waiting rehabilitation using hippotherapy. METHOD: Phenomenological qualitative exploratory pilot study. An interview guide validated by experts was used to conduct the interviews. Summaries were written to capture first impressions. One team member coded the transcripts and the coding was validated by the research team through discussion until consensus was reached...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379060/activity-specific-aquatic-therapy-targeting-gait-for-a-patient-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Tracy Wall, Lisa Falvo, Adam Kesten
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic therapy can lead to improved mobility and health in individuals with various conditions. This case report looks at an activity-specific aquatic therapy targeting gait for a patient with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). CASE REPORT: The patient participated in an individualized aquatic therapy program two times a week for 6 weeks. Assessment occurred prior to the intervention. There were two follow-up assessments after the intervention...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379051/the-reliability-of-assessing-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-length-and-strength-in-adults-with-and-without-mild-neck-pain
#15
Michael T Cibulka, Jessica Herren, Anne Kilian, Steven Smith, Fatima Mahmutovic, Courtney Dolles
BACKGROUND: The sternocleidomastoid (SCM) is an important cervical spine muscle. Weakness of the SCM muscle has been implicated with cervical problems. No studies have examined the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle length or strength. Also no studies exist that have looked to see if imbalances in SCM muscle length or strength exists between the left and right sides in those with and without neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle for length and strength and to see if SCM length could predict SCM strength in those with and without neck pain...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350207/can-metabolic-function-and-physical-fitness-improve-without-weight-loss-for-inactive-obese-hispanic-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#16
Wayne Brewer, Sharon Olson, Agneta Sunehag
INTRODUCTION: A case series that examines the effects of a 12-week combined resistance and aerobic training program for four sedentary obese, Hispanic adolescents without weight loss. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Baseline and post-intervention anthropometric, metabolic and physical fitness measures were obtained. Body composition, hepatic, visceral, and intramuscular fat contents were analyzed via imaging. Fasting levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), insulin, glucose, free fatty acids, triglycerides, high- and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and C-reactive protein were obtained via blood samples...
March 28, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281869/clinimetric-properties-of-the-pressure-biofeedback-unit-method-for-estimating-respiratory-pressures
#17
Ana Paula da Silva, Rayele Pricila Moreira Dos Santos, Patrícia Chaves Coertjens, Marcelo Coertjens
OBJECTIVE: The Pressure Biofeedback Unit (PBU) is used to assess the transversus abdominis muscle activity in order to determine the effectiveness of segmental stabilization, but not to verify its accuracy for measuring the pressure values of breathing from transversus abdominis activation. The objective of this study was to cross-validate the PBU pressure evaluated in transversus abdominis muscle activation with the respiratory pressure assessed through manovacuometry in order to verify the extent to which the PBU can be used to indirectly evaluate the strength of the respiratory muscle in both men and women and verify the reliability of the methods...
March 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537819/movement-control-tests-for-the-lumbopelvic-complex-are-these-tests-reliable-and-valid
#18
Hannah Granström, Björn O Äng, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
This study evaluated inter- and intra-observer reliability and discriminative validity of three movement control tests: 1) standing knee-lift test; 2) static lunge test; and 3) dynamic lunge test. Thirty-eight subjects, 21 with low-back pain and 17 healthy, were video-recorded while performing the tests. Four physical therapists scored the tests according to a standardized protocol and calculated a composite score for each test based on the number of incorrect test components. Inter-observer reliability for the composite scores ranged between 0...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481738/outcomes-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-for-equinovarus-deformity-in-patients-with-cva-a-case-series
#19
Priya Karakkattil, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Heather Hilliard Brown, Patrick Hammontree, Mary Okolo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that Botulinum Toxin-A (BTX-A) reduces focal spasticity associated with equinovarus to improve gait in patients poststroke. However, there is little research examining whether gait improvements are maintained after the effectiveness period of BTX-A injections. The purpose of this observational study was to determine whether there was a difference in gait parameters in three patients before BTX-A injection versus four and ten weeks after. CASE SERIES: Three women, ages 63, 60, and 42 postischemic stroke with hemiparesis and equinovarus underwent measurements for: plantar flexor spasticity, ankle dorsiflexion ROM, temporal-spatial gait parameters, and gait endurance...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481725/intra-rater-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-standardized-ultrasound-protocol-for-assessing-subacromial-structures
#20
Birgitte Hougs Kjær, Karen Ellegaard, Ina Wieland, Susan Warming, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: US-examinations related to shoulder impingement (SI) often vary due to methodological differences, examiner positions, transducers, and recording parameters. Reliable US protocols for examination of different structures related to shoulder impingement are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the existing ultrasound (US) examinations of the subacromial space, the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa, and the supraspinatus tendon...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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