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Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937849/neurodynamic-mobilization-in-a-collegiate-long-jumper-with-exercise-induced-lateral-leg-and-ankle-pain-a-case-report
#1
Terry Cox, Tom Sneed, Herb Hamann
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case report is to describe nerve mobilization in the treatment of lower extremity neuropathic pain in a female collegiate long jumper. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21 year-old long jumper presented 7 months after onset of ankle and leg pain. She complained of "aching" pain over the lateral ankle, radiating proximally to just superior to the lateral knee. Neurodynamic testing of the sural and superficial branch of the fibular nerves was positive...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937837/lung-function-functional-capacity-and-respiratory-symptoms-at-discharge-from-hospital-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Jenny S Danielsbacka, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Per-Olof Hansson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cardiovascular disease with symptoms including respiratory associated chest pain (RACP) and dyspnea. No previous studies exist focusing on lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge after PE. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine and describe lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge in patients with PE and compare to reference values. PATIENTS/METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with PE admitted to the Acute Medical Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, were included...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922081/clinical-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-chronic-traumatic-cervical-myelopathy-a-case-report
#3
Justin Bridges, Roberto Sandoval
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited evidence supporting the conservative management of patients with cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this report is to describe the intervention and outcomes of conservative physical therapy interventions for one patient with chronic cervical myelopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case was a 50-year-old male who sustained a neck injury following a rear-end collision 4 years prior to this therapeutic episode. The patient presented with decreased range of motion in the cervical spine and right upper extremity, strength deficits, altered sensation, poor posture, and reported chronic cervical region pain and difficulty sleeping...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922049/magnitudes-of-muscle-activation-of-spine-stabilizers-in-healthy-adults-during-prone-on-elbow-planking-exercises-with-and-without-a-fitness-ball
#4
James W Youdas, Kendra C Coleman, Erin E Holstad, Stephanie D Long, Nicole L Veldkamp, John H Hollman
Prone planking exercises have been used by rehabilitation professionals to activate torso muscles in healthy persons and those with low back pain. The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude of electromyographic (EMG) muscle activation from 10 right-sided muscles as demonstrated by the percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC) during four planking procedures. Surface EMG activity was acquired from the following muscles: (1) iliocostalis lumborum (IL), (2) longissimus thoracis (LT), (3) lumbar multifidus (LM), (4) rectus abdominis (RA), (5) external oblique (EO), (6) internal oblique (IO), (7) serratus anterior (SA), (8) latissimus dorsi (LD), (9) hamstrings (HS), and (10) gluteus maximus (GM)...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922048/effect-of-dry-needling-on-myofascial-pain-syndrome-of-the-quadratus-femoris-a-case-report
#5
Sudarshan Anandkumar
This case report describes a 40-year-old male who presented with posterior thigh pain managed unsuccessfully with massage therapy, chiropractic adjustments, and physical therapy. The diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) involving the quadratus femoris (QF) was purely clinical, based on palpatory findings and ruling out other conditions through deductive reasoning. This is potentially a first time report, describing the successful management of MPS of the QF with dry needling (DN) using a recently published DN grading system...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922046/supraorbital-electrical-stimulation-in-management-of-chronic-type-tension-headache-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Nashwa S Hamed
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Headache disorders are considered one of the ten most disabling conditions, for both males and females, according to the World Health Organization. Chronic type tension headache (CTTH) has a prevalence of 2-3% within the general population. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of stimulating noninvasively the trigeminal nerve in the supraorbital area (SOES) for treatment of CTTH. METHODS: In an 8-week period of intervention, 45 patients were divided equally into three groups...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922042/reliability-and-criterion-validity-of-measurements-using-a-smart-phone-based-measurement-tool-for-the-transverse-rotation-angle-of-the-pelvis-during-single-leg-lifting
#7
Sung-Hoon Jung, Oh-Yun Kwon, In-Cheol Jeon, Ui-Jae Hwang, Jong-Hyuck Weon
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine the intra-rater test-retest reliability of a smart phone-based measurement tool (SBMT) and a three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system for measuring the transverse rotation angle of the pelvis during single-leg lifting (SLL) and the criterion validity of the transverse rotation angle of the pelvis measurement using SBMT compared with a 3D motion analysis system (3DMAS). METHOD: Seventeen healthy volunteers performed SLL with their dominant leg without bending the knee until they reached a target placed 20 cm above the table...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901824/repeated-split-belt-treadmill-walking-improved-gait-ability-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#8
Martina Betschart, Bradford J McFadyen, Sylvie Nadeau
This study investigated the effects of repeated split-belt treadmill (SBT) walking on gait ability in individuals poststroke. Twelve individuals with a first unilateral cerebral stroke (10 males; mean age 53 (SD 8.74); mean time poststroke 25 months (SD 23.5); 9 left-sided stroke) and initial step length (SL) asymmetry (ratio = 1.10-2.05) volunteered for the study. They were trained by physiotherapists from an outpatient rehabilitation center six times over 2-3 weeks using a SBT protocol. After only six sessions of training, all participants reduced their SL asymmetry from an average ratio of 1...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901811/the-efficacy-of-stretching-exercises-to-reduce-posterior-shoulder-tightness-acutely-in-the-postoperative-population-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Paul A Salamh, Morey J Kolber, Eric J Hegedus, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST) is a postoperative complication leading to pain, impaired mobility, and reduced function. Despite the potential morbidity associated with PST, no studies have investigated the efficacy of shoulder-stretching methods in the postsurgical population. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term efficacy of two stretches designed to reduce PST. METHODS: The study enrolled 63 patients [mean age 51 (12) years, height 173...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895777/effects-of-kinesio-tape-in-individuals-with-lateral-epicondylitis-a-deceptive-crossover-trial
#10
Ivan P H Au, Pak Che Patricia Fan, Wang Yiu Lee, Man Wai Leong, Oi Yin Tang, Winko W An, Roy T Cheung
OBJECTIVES: To determine the true and immediate effect of applying Kinesio tape (KT) on the pain intensity, pain-free grip strength, maximal grip strength, and electromyographic activity with facilitatory KT, inhibitory KT, sham KT, and untaped condition in patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE) who were ignorant about KT. DESIGN: Deceptive crossover trial. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three patients with unilateral chronic LE who were ignorant about KT, 30 of them were successfully deceived in this study...
September 12, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891759/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-sphygmomanometer-for-hip-strength-assessment-in-australian-football-players
#11
Liam Anthony Toohey, Marcos de Noronha, Carolyn Taylor, James Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the sphygmomanometer for the assessment of the adductor squeeze test and isometric hip abduction strength and to investigate the concurrent validity of the sphygmomanometer for the assessment of hip muscular strength. METHOD: Thirty-two healthy adult male community Australian football players (age 23.9 ± 4.5 years) were assessed by two blinded raters that measured the strength of the adductor squeeze test and isometric hip abduction, using a commercially available sphygmomanometer...
September 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891720/vestibular-rehabilitation-following-surgical-repair-for-superior-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-a-complicated-case-report
#12
Wendy J Carender, Melissa Grzesiak
Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome (SCDS) causes auditory and vestibular symptoms. Following surgical repair of the dehiscence, patients often experience dizziness and imbalance. This case report describes a postoperative vestibular exercise program, focusing on the principles of central compensation and habituation, and how it was modified for a patient with delayed progress secondary to strabismus and visual vertigo. A 63-year-old male with history of strabismus eye surgery, right hearing loss, aural fullness, and sensitivity to loud sounds was referred for vestibular rehabilitation (VR)...
September 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876163/concurrent-validity-of-inclinometer-measures-of-scapular-and-clavicular-positions-in-arm-elevation
#13
Paula R Camargo, Vandana Phadke, Gisele G Zanca, Paula M Ludewig
OBJECTIVE: To assess concurrent validity, between and within-day reliability of scapular and clavicular digital inclinometer measures. DESIGN: Test-retest and concurrent validity. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three participants with and without shoulder symptoms. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Static positions of scapular upward rotation, anterior/posterior tilting and clavicular elevation were measured between days with an inclinometer and compared to a 3-dimensional electromagnetic tracking system in different positions of sagittal plane humeral elevation (neutral, 30°, 60°, 90°, 120°)...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876160/abdominal-draw-in-maneuver-combined-with-simulated-weight-bearing-increases-transversus-abdominis-and-internal-oblique-thickness
#14
Jeong-Soo Kim, Cynn-Heon Seok, Hye-Seon Jeon
The abdominal draw-in maneuver (ADIM) is a method commonly used to reestablish neuromuscular control of the deep spine muscles among individuals with musculoskeletal problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ADIM combined with simulated weight-bearing (SWB) activities in the facilitation of the deep spine muscles. The subjects were 30 young healthy individuals. Ultrasound images were used to measure the relative changes in transverse abdominal (TrA), internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) muscle thickness during a simulated weight-bearing ADIM (SWB-ADIM)...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876156/home-based-circuit-training-program-for-an-adolescent-female-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#15
Devashish Tiwari, Carol Daly, Bara Alsalaheen
Adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often discharged from physical therapy (PT) services without transitioning into exertional conditioning programs. Active participation in physical activities with peers at school is essential to achieve a sense of accomplishment and acceptance. Factors such as reduced aerobic fitness and residual gait impairments can lead to limited participation and peer interaction. The purpose of this case report was to describe the impact of home-based circuit training (HBCT) focusing on strength and balance on gait speed (GS), energy expenditure, and functional performance in a 17-year-old female with severe TBI...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862900/physiotherapy-clinical-educators-perspectives-on-a-fitness-to-practice-initiative
#16
Kristin Lo, Heather Curtis, Alison Francis-Cracknell, Stephen Maloney, Wendy Nickson, Margaret Bearman, Jennifer L Keating
CONTEXT: Health practitioner registration boards require health professionals to evaluate and maintain "fitness to practice" (FTP). This encompasses the professional behavior, clinical competence, and freedom from impairment required for safe and effective service provision. We developed and implemented policies to promote student self-assessment and support of FTP that were pre-emptive and designed to be helpful and sought clinician feedback on this initiative. METHOD: An innovative student-centered FTP approach was devised with consideration of defensible ethico-legal practice...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862533/improvements-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-aerobic-fitness-and-functional-performance-following-a-physical-therapy-weight-loss-program
#17
Ahmad Sabbahi, Ross Arena, Joel Woldt, Ben Wax, Steven Mauk, Frederic Wolner, Shane A Phillips
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a current physical therapy and weight loss program model on exercise performance, physical function, and cardiometabolic risk factors in obese patients. DESIGN: Retrospective pre-post design. SUBJECTS: A total of 192 patients who previously underwent testing of anthropometric measurements, cardiovascular biomarkers, and lower extremity function scale (LEFS) were included...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862531/unisensory-and-multisensory-self-referential-stimulation-of-the-lower-limb-an-exploratory-fmri-study-on-healthy-subjects
#18
Ana Isabel Vieira, Patrícia Almeida, Nádia Canário, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Maria Vânia Nunes, Alexandre Castro-Caldas
BACKGROUND: The holistic view of the person is the essence of the physiotherapy. Knowledge of approaches that develop the whole person promotes better patient outcomes. Multisensory Self-referential stimulation, more than a unisensory one, seems to produce a holistic experience of the Self ("Core-Self"). OBJECTIVES: (1) To analyze the somatotopic brain activation during unisensory and multisensorial Self-referential stimulus; and (2) to understand if the areas activated by multisensorial Self-referential stimulation are the ones responsible for the "Core-Self...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862529/an-algorithmic-approach-to-rehabilitation-following-arthroscopic-surgery-for-arthrofibrosis-of-the-knee-a-case-series
#19
Brian J Eckenrode
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Loss of knee range of motion (ROM) has been reported as the most common complication following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Arthrofibrosis of the knee, or specifically Cyclops syndrome, has been described as the formation of a scar tissue nodule adjacent to the tibial tunnel of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft. This lesion often results in loss of knee extension ROM, pain, and impaired function. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: Three consecutive patients were referred to physical therapy following arthroscopic knee surgery for lysis of adhesions of a Cyclops lesion from a previous ACLR...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854081/treatment-of-axillary-web-syndrome-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-thoracic-manipulation-for-associated-thoracic-rotation-dysfunction-a-case-report
#20
Patricia Crane, Jaclyn Ladden, Danielle Monica
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research that investigates physical therapy management for patients with axillary web syndrome (AWS) and thoracic rotation dysfunction. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with AWS and thoracic rotation dysfunction using an impairment-based approach that includes instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), thoracic manipulation, and stretching. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 48-year-old female with a past medical history of bilateral breast cancer with a bilateral latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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