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Drug and Alcohol Review

Amanda M George, Byron L Zamboanga
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Most drinking game (DG) research among university students has been conducted among USA college samples. The extent to which demographics and game type (e.g. team and sculling games) are linked to DG behaviours/consequences among non-USA students is not well understood. As such, the current study investigated characteristics of DG participation (and associated outcomes) among a sample of Australian university students. METHODS: University students (N = 252; aged 18-24 years; 67% female) who had consumed alcohol in the prior year completed an online survey...
May 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Georges Tinawi, Tessa Gray, Thomas Knight, Chayce Glass, Nina Domanski, Nick Wilson, Janet Hoek, George Thomson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine the prevalence and design elements of the voluntary health warning labels and related industry initiatives on a purposive sample of alcoholic beverage containers sold in New Zealand (NZ), a country with no mandatory health warning labels. DESIGN AND METHODS: We selected a purposive (e.g. low-cost) sample of 59 local and imported beers, wines and ready-to-drink alcoholic beverage containers available in NZ in 2016-2017. We documented the occurrence, content, size, appearance and position of messages concerning drinking during pregnancy, drink-driving, other health effects and industry-led initiatives that could relate to warnings; and collected data about alcohol content, standard drinks, ingredients and energy information...
May 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Victoria Cock, Carolyn Edmonds, Charles Cock
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aimed to compare complications arising due to the supratherapeutic use of paracetamol/codeine or ibuprofen/codeine containing compound analgesics in primary codeine-dependent patients presenting to a drug and alcohol withdrawal service. Data was compared to determine if there was any difference in the number of complications observed between the two groups. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective case review of patients presenting for primary codeine dependence from 2009 to 2014...
May 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Taisia Huckle, Jose S Romeo, Martin Wall, Sarah Callinan, John Holmes, Petra Meier, Anne-Maree Mackintosh, Marina Piazza, Surasak Chaiyasong, Pham Viet Cuong, Sally Casswell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate if socio-economic disadvantage, at the individual- and country-level, is associated with heavier drinking in some middle- and high-income countries. DESIGN AND METHODS: Surveys of drinkers were undertaken in some high- and middle-income countries. Participating countries were Australia, England, New Zealand, Scotland (high-income) and Peru, Thailand and Vietnam (middle-income). Disadvantage at the country-level was defined as per World Bank (categorised as middle-or high-income); individual-level measures were (i) years of education and (ii) whether and individual was under or over the poverty line in each country...
April 30, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jessica Storbjörk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, Kirrilly Pursey, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
ISSUES: Australian jurisdictions have introduced lockouts to prevent alcohol-related violence. Lockouts prohibit patrons from entering licensed premises after a designated time while allowing sale and consumption of alcohol to continue. Their purposes include managing the movement of intoxicated patrons, and preventing violence and disorder by dispersing times that patrons leave premises. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of lockouts in preventing alcohol-related harm. APPROACH: We systematically searched electronic databases and reference lists and asked authors to identify relevant studies published to 1 June 2017...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Nadine Ezard, Michael E Cecilio, Brendan Clifford, Eileen Baldry, Lucy Burns, Carolyn A Day, Marian Shanahan, Kate Dolan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAPs) are a novel harm reduction intervention for people who experience long-term homelessness and severe long-term alcohol dependence. MAPs provide regulated amounts of alcohol onsite under supervision. Preliminary international evidence suggests that MAPs are associated with improvements such as reduced non-beverage alcohol consumption and decreases in some alcohol-related harms. There are currently no MAPs in Australia. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a MAP in inner-Sydney...
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Laura A Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Renee Zahnow, Peter Miller, Kerri Coomber, Dominique de Andrade, Jason Ferris
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The association between alcohol availability, alcohol consumption and, in turn, alcohol-related harms is well established. Policies to reduce alcohol-related harms focus on limiting accessibility through the regulation of the liquor industry, including trading hours. On 1 July 2016, the Queensland Government introduced legislation to reduce ordinary liquor trading hours, replacing 5 am closing times with 3 am cessation of liquor sales in designated entertainment precincts and 2 am cessation of sales across the rest of the state...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Michael Savic, Dan I Lubman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sally Casswell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Gaile Gray-Phillip, Taisia Huckle, Sarah Callinan, Charles D H Parry, Surasak Chaiyasong, Pham Viet Cuong, Anne-Marie Mackintosh, Petra Meier, Elena Kazantseva, Marina Piazza, Karl Parker, Sally Casswell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cross-country studies on alcohol purchasing and access are rare. We examined where and when people access alcohol to understand patterns of availability across a range of middle- and high-income countries. DESIGN AND METHODS: Surveys of drinkers in the International Alcohol Control study in high-income countries (Australia, England, Scotland, New Zealand and St Kitts and Nevis) and middle-income countries (Mongolia, South Africa, Peru, Thailand and Vietnam) were analysed...
March 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Louise Mewton, Rachel Visontay, Cath Chapman, Nicola Newton, Tim Slade, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Maree Teesson
ISSUES: This overview of reviews will synthesise information from existing reviews to provide a summary of the evidence for universal alcohol and illicit drug prevention strategies across different intervention settings. APPROACH: Academic databases, including Medline, EMBASE and PsycInfo were searched on 1 August 2016. All reviews and meta-analyses of universal alcohol and drug prevention conducted since 2006 were included. The reviews included in this overview were grouped according to the different settings where prevention strategies have been applied (i...
March 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Bernadette Bernie Pauly, Kate Vallance, Ashley Wettlaufer, Clifton Chow, Randi Brown, Joshua Evans, Erin Gray, Bonnie Krysowaty, Andrew Ivsins, Rebecca Schiff, Tim Stockwell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: People with severe alcohol dependence and unstable housing are vulnerable to multiple harms related to drinking and homelessness. Managed Alcohol Programs (MAP) aim to reduce harms of severe alcohol use without expecting cessation of use. There is promising evidence that MAPs reduce acute and social harms associated with alcohol dependence. The aim of this paper is to describe MAPs in Canada including key dimensions and implementation issues. DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirteen Canadian MAPs were identified through the Canadian Managed Alcohol Program Study...
March 24, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Hilde Pape, Ingeborg Rossow, Geir Scott Brunborg
ISSUES: Today's teenagers have been described as a sober generation and we asked: 'What is known about the recent decline in youth drinking?' APPROACH: A literature review (2005-2017). KEY FINDINGS: Research from wealthier parts of the world provides solid evidence of less alcohol use by youth since the millennium shift. Some studies show that this is reflected at all levels of consumption, but there are also indications that the heaviest drinkers have not reduced their drinking...
March 24, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Alessio Vieno, Gianmarco Altoè, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Frank J Elgar
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Several European countries have observed an increase in the proportion of adolescents that abstain from drinking alcohol in the last decade. The reasons for this trend remain underexplored. We hypothesised that more generous government expenditures on health services and benefits to families with children relate to a positive trend in abstainers. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data on 15-year-olds in four successive cycles of the World Health Organization Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (2002 to 2014) in 24 North American and European countries (pooled n = 175 331)...
March 24, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kirsimarja Raitasalo, Jenni Simonen, Christoffer Tigerstedt, Pia Mäkelä, Heli Tapanainen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: As alcohol use has decreased among Finnish adolescents, we aim to assess: (i) time trends in alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking (HED) and potential explanatory variables among adolescents; (ii) the relationship between trends of explanatory variables and trends in alcohol use and HED; and (iii) which of the explanatory variables can account for the temporal change in alcohol use and HED. DESIGN AND METHODS: The analyses are based on European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs data collected from 15- to 16-year-old Finnish adolescents in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Stelliana Goutzamanis, Peter Higgs, Mike Richardson, Sarah MacLean
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indigenous people seeking residential alcohol and other drug (AOD) rehabilitation in Victoria are most frequently referred to the Ngwala Willumbong Co-operative (Ngwala). This study aimed to describe socio-demographic changes in clients of Ngwala's residential rehabilitation services between 2015 and 2016. DESIGN AND METHODS: Self-assessment surveys completed upon screening for rehabilitation between May 2015 and November 2016 (n = 117) were analysed for socio-demographic data, AOD use and mental health status...
March 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Nicole Cockburn, Coral Gartner, Pauline J Ford
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Reducing smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians is a vital part of closing the health gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Community-controlled health clinics are an important setting for delivering smoking cessation advice and assistance. This study measured tobacco and e-cigarette use, knowledge of smoking-related health effects, motivations to quit and interest in cessation aids. DESIGN AND METHODS: Clients of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Community Health Service dental clinics in Southeast Queensland (n = 421) completed a brief written questionnaire while in the waiting room...
March 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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