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Drug and Alcohol Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493466/-it-s-fast-it-s-quick-it-stops-me-being-sick-how-to-influence-preparation-of-opioid-tablets-for-injection
#1
Lise Lafferty, Carla Treloar, Nick van Breda, Maureen Steele, Sarah Hiley, Ian Flaherty, Allison Salmon
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Injection of pharmaceutical opioids (PO) among people who inject drugs has increased in many countries. The common method for preparing PO tablets for injection uses heat, resulting in greater particulate matter and therefore increased risk of local infection risk and damage to veins and organs. A cold preparation process has fewer risks, but this preparation method is not commonly used. This study seeks to explore how people who inject PO learn to prepare injections and how health promotion efforts could influence practice...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493419/support-for-alcohol-policies-from-drinkers-in-the-city-of-tshwane-south-africa-data-from-the-international-alcohol-control-study
#2
Charles D H Parry, Pamela Trangenstein, Carl Lombard, David H Jernigan, Neo K Morojele
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: South Africa is considering a range of alcohol policy reforms. This study aims to determine the magnitude of public support for 13 alcohol policies in the Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality and whether this varies by demographic factors and heavy drinking status. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data are from the South African arm of the International Alcohol Control study, a household survey of adult drinkers using a multistage stratified cluster random sampling design...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493405/australian-urban-indigenous-smokers-perspectives-on-nicotine-products-and-tobacco-harm-reduction
#3
Kym Yuke, Pauline Ford, Wendy Foley, Allyson Mutch, Lisa Fitzgerald, Coral Gartner
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indigenous Australians experience a significant gap in life expectancy compared with non-Indigenous Australians. Indigenous communities have high-smoking prevalence and low engagement with cessation therapies. This qualitative research, conducted in an urban Australian Indigenous community, explored smokers' views on smoking, quitting and engagement with current nicotine replacement therapies. Opinions on acceptability of tobacco harm reduction were sought. We explored the acceptability of novel nicotine products, that is, new or unfamiliar products, including non-therapeutic options, such as e-cigarettes...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493364/explicating-the-role-of-empathic-processes-in-substance-use-disorders-a-conceptual-framework-and-research-agenda
#4
Suena H Massey, Rebecca L Newmark, Lauren S Wakschlag
ISSUES: Elucidating the role of empathic processes in developmental pathways to substance use disorders could have important implications for prevention. APPROACH: We searched the biomedical and social sciences literature to determine what is known about empathy and psychopathological manifestations of severe lack of empathy in the initiation, development and maintenance of psychoactive substance use. Thirty-seven empirical studies were identified and formally reviewed...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488279/are-differences-in-population-prevalence-of-alcohol-s-harm-to-others-related-to-survey-administration-mode
#5
Erica Sundin, Jonas Landberg, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Robin Room, Mats Ramstedt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study assessed the comparability of estimates of alcohol's harm to others across different administration modes in Swedish general population surveys. Harm was categorised as harm from strangers' drinking and harm from heavy drinkers known to the respondent. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three surveys were conducted in 2011/2012 (n = 6841), including identical questions. One was based on self-administered postal or Web questionnaires, and two were based on computer-assisted telephone interviews of which one included a more ambitious procedure in terms of for example monetary incentives to the respondents...
May 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485092/in-transition-culture-of-experimentation-with-cannabis-in-latin-american-college-students-a-new-role-within-a-potential-drug-use-sequencing-pattern
#6
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Sérgio Nicastri, Magdalena Cerdá, June H Kim, Lúcio Garcia de Oliveira, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Silvia S Martins
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Given a scenario of intense discussion about the legal situation of cannabis users worldwide, this paper aims to investigate the role of cannabis within a drug use sequencing pattern. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data came from a representative sample of college students from 27 Brazilian capitals (n = 12 711). We analysed the patterns of transition from/to the first use of cannabis to/from the first use of alcohol, tobacco and seven other illegal drugs...
May 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485090/risk-of-stroke-in-prescription-and-other-amphetamine-type-stimulants-use-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Blanca Iciar Indave, Luis Sordo, María José Bravo, Ana Sarasa-Renedo, Sonia Fernández-Balbuena, Luis De la Fuente, Michela Sonego, Gregorio Barrio
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) are a putative cause of stroke with high abuse potential. We aim to systematically review the association between use of ATS and stroke. DESIGN AND METHODS: To assure a sensitive search strategy, a broad definition of ATS was used. Cochrane Plus, EMBASE, IBECS/Lilacs, ISI WOK, Medline and Scopus were searched through 2016. Three researchers independently reviewed studies (Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses)...
May 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480521/the-client-satisfaction-questionnaire-8-psychometric-properties-in-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-people-attending-residential-substance-abuse-treatment
#8
Peter J Kelly, Felicity Kyngdon, Isabella Ingram, Frank P Deane, Amanda L Baker, Briony A Osborne
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ-8) is one of a limited number of standardised satisfaction measures that have been used widely across mental health services. This study examined the CSQ-8 as a measure of general satisfaction within residential substance abuse treatment. It compared the CSQ-8 with another established measure of client satisfaction that was developed for substance abuse treatment settings (Treatment Perceptions Questionnaire, TPQ). It also sought to examine the relationship between the CSQ-8 and commonly used process measures...
May 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474374/mobile-phone-messaging-for-illicit-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Babak Tofighi, Joseph M Nicholson, Jennifer McNeely, Frederick Muench, Joshua D Lee
ISSUES: Mobile phone use has increased dramatically and concurrent with rapid developments in mobile phone-based health interventions. The integration of text messaging interventions promises to optimise the delivery of care for persons with substance dependence with minimal disruption to clinical workflows. We conducted a systematic review to assess the acceptability, feasibility and clinical impact of text messaging interventions for persons with illicit drug and alcohol dependence...
May 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470930/relative-deprivation-and-episodes-of-drunkenness-among-french-and-canadian-adolescents
#10
Mariane Sentenac, Virginie Ehlinger, Anthony Napoletano, Stanislas Spilka, Geneviève Gariepy, Emmanuelle Godeau, Frank J Elgar
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Studies link socio-economic deprivation to alcohol consumption in adolescents, but the role of relative deprivation has been understudied and may be equally important. This study investigates the association between relative deprivation and episodes of drunkenness among adolescents in France and Canada. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from the 2014 Health Behaviours in School-aged Children study collected from 15-year-olds in Canada (n = 4276) and France (n = 1625)...
May 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470876/recall-bias-across-7%C3%A2-days-in-self-reported-alcohol-consumption-prior-to-injury-among-emergency-department-patients
#11
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, Tim Stockwell, Kate Vallance, Clifton Chow
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Recall bias is a concern in self-reported alcohol consumption, potentially accounting for varying risk estimates for injury in emergency department (ED) studies. The likelihood of reporting drinking for the same 6-h period each day of the week for a full week preceding the injury event is analysed among injured ED patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Probability samples of patients 18 years old and older were interviewed in two ED sites in Vancouver and one in Victoria, BC (n = 1191)...
May 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470826/the-relationship-between-initial-route-of-heroin-administration-and-speed-of-transition-to-daily-heroin-use
#12
Lindsey A Hines, Michael Lynskey, Katherine I Morley, Paul Griffiths, Michael Gossop, Beverly Powis, John Strang
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The effect of heroin administration route on speed of transition to regular use is unknown. This paper aims to determine whether the speed of transition from initiation of heroin use to daily heroin use differs by route of administration (injecting, chasing/inhaling or snorting). DESIGN AND METHODS: Privileged access interviewer survey of purposively selected sample of 395 current people who use heroin (both in and not in treatment) in London, UK (historical sample from 1991)...
May 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449379/naloxone-rescheduling-in-australia-processes-implementation-and-challenges-with-supply-of-naloxone-as-a-pharmacist-only-over-the-counter-medicine
#13
Angelo Pricolo, Suzanne Nielsen
ISSUES: Numerous studies and systematic reviews have concluded that naloxone for take-home use is an effective intervention to reduce overdose morbidity and mortality, with few side effects and no abuse potential. One barrier to supply is that naloxone has traditionally been a prescription medication. In May 2015, the Therapeutic Goods Administration of Australia announced the intention to down-schedule naloxone when used for the treatment of opioid overdose, enabling sale in pharmacies without a prescription...
April 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#14
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439993/non-smoker-assertive-behaviour-against-smoke-exposure-chinese-and-korean-american-non-smokers
#15
Anne Saw, Hao Tang, Janice Y Tsoh, Moon S Chen, Elisa K Tong
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Non-smokers' assertive behaviour towards smokers by asking them not to smoke is important in promoting smoke-free environments. Korean and Chinese Americans come from countries where most women are non-smokers and assertive behaviour may not be prevalent but may increase after migration because of social-ecological factors. This study assessed the extent to which Korean and Chinese American non-smokers ask someone not to smoke and associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: The 2003 California Chinese American and Korean American Tobacco Use Surveys were analysed...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439922/illicit-drug-use-among-new-zealand-gay-and-bisexual-men-prevalence-and-association-with-sexual-health-behaviours
#16
Peter Saxton, David Newcombe, Arslan Ahmed, Nigel Dickson, Anthony Hughes
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Data are lacking on drug use among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in New Zealand. We establish a baseline estimate of drug use and investigate associations with sexual health and HIV risk. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of GBM was conducted in gay community settings and online. Participants were asked their frequency of using nine drugs (poppers, cannabis, ecstasy, methamphetamine, amphetamine, cocaine, LSD, gamma hydroxybutyrate and ketamine) in the previous 6 months...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439990/explaining-the-declining-rates-of-past-year-cannabis-use-in-australia-a-first-pass
#17
Alison Ritter, Oluwadamisola Sotade
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cannabis use rates in Australia have declined since 2001. No research to date has examined possible reasons, despite evident policy interest in understanding such a positive public health outcome. In a 'first pass' examination, five possible reasons are explored: (i) attitudinal shifts regarding the acceptability of cannabis use; (ii) regulatory or policy changes; (iii) supply/market changes; (iv) changes in other drug use that may operate as substitutes or complements to cannabis; and (v) socio-cultural factors...
April 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434211/health-conditions-and-motivations-for-marijuana-use-among-young-adult-medical-marijuana-patients-and-non-patient-marijuana-users
#18
Stephen E Lankenau, Janna Ataiants, Salini Mohanty, Sheree Schrager, Ellen Iverson, Carolyn F Wong
INTRODUCTION: While marijuana has been legal for medical purposes in California since 1996, little is known about the health histories of young adult medical marijuana patients who are a significant proportion of medical marijuana patients. We examined whether young adult medical marijuana patients reported health conditions and motivations for use that were consistent with medical use of marijuana in California. METHODS: Young adults (N = 366) aged 18 to 26 years were sampled in Los Angeles in 2014-2015 and segmented into medical marijuana 'patients' (n = 210), marijuana users with a current recommendation, and non-patient users or 'non-patients' (n = 156), marijuana users who never had a medical marijuana recommendation...
April 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434201/how-much-alcohol-is-consumed-outside-of-the-lifetime-risk-guidelines-in-australia
#19
Sarah Callinan, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Paul M Dietze
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of long-term risky drinking within the Australian population and the proportion of standard drinks that is consumed outside of the long-term risk (LTR) guidelines of two Australian standard drinks (ASD) per day. DESIGN AND METHODS: Recruited by phone, 2020 Australian adults with an oversampling of risky drinkers were asked detailed questions about how much alcohol they consumed at a range of locations in 2013...
April 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429402/effectiveness-of-community-based-interventions-for-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-in-two-metropolitan-and-two-regional-sites-in-victoria-australia
#20
Ashlee Curtis, Kerri Coomber, Nicolas Droste, Shannon Hyder, Darren Palmer, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The relationship between alcohol intoxication and harm is well known, and many community-based interventions have been introduced in an attempt to reduce the rates of alcohol-related harm. The current paper uses two metropolitan and two regional Australian cities as sites to investigate the impact of community-based interventions on the reduction of alcohol-related harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for injury-related emergency department (ED) presentations and police attended assaults during high-alcohol hours (i...
April 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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