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Drug and Alcohol Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337798/latent-classes-of-polydrug-and-polyroute-use-and-associations-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-risk-behaviours-and-overdose-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-tijuana-baja-california-mexico
#1
Meredith C Meacham, Scott C Roesch, Steffanie A Strathdee, Suzanne Lindsay, Patricia Gonzalez-Zuniga, Tommi L Gaines
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Patterns of polydrug use among people who inject drugs (PWID) may be differentially associated with overdose and unique human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk factors. Subgroups of PWID in Tijuana, Mexico, were identified based on substances used, route of administration, frequency of use and co-injection indicators. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were PWID residing in Tijuana age ≥18 years sampled from 2011 to 2012 who reported injecting an illicit substance in the past month (n = 735)...
March 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337801/cross-cultural-comparisons-of-drinking-motives-in-10-countries-data-from-the-drinc-project
#2
Sean P Mackinnon, Marie-Eve Couture, M L Cooper, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Roisin M O'Connor, Sherry H Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study tested the measurement invariance of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (DMQ-R-SF) in undergraduates across 10 countries. We expected the four-factor structure to hold across countries, and for social motives to emerge as the most commonly endorsed motive, followed by enhancement, coping and conformity motives. We also compared individualistic and collectivistic countries to examine potential differences in the endorsement of drinking motives when countries were divided according to this broad cultural value...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334477/latent-classes-of-alcohol-problems-in-mauritian-men-results-from-the-joint-child-health-project
#3
Susan E Luczak, Carol A Prescott, Peter H Venables
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify latent classes of alcohol problems and their sociodemographic correlates in the east African nation of Mauritius. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were from the Joint Child Health Project, a longitudinal study of a 1969-1970 birth cohort of 1795 individuals. In mid-adulthood (M = 37 years), all available participants (n = 1206; 67% of the original cohort) were assessed for demographic characteristics, and lifetime drinkers were assessed for alcohol-related problems...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334473/history-of-being-in-government-care-associated-with-younger-age-at-injection-initiation-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#4
Brittany Barker, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Compared to the general population of youth, health-related disparities experienced by youth exposed to the child welfare system are well documented. Amongst these vulnerabilities are elevated rates of substance use, including injection drug use; however, less is known about when these youth transition to this high-risk behaviour. We sought to assess whether having a history of government care is associated with initiating injection drug use before age 18. DESIGN AND METHODS: Between September 2005 and May 2014, data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334468/supporting-the-aboriginal-alcohol-and-other-drug-workforce-in-new-south-wales-australia
#5
K S Kylie Lee, Bradley Freeburn, Steve Ella, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Monique McEwan, Katherine M Conigrave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334467/revisiting-the-paradigm-shift-in-opioid-use-developments-and-implications-10%C3%A2-years-later
#6
Benedikt Fischer, Jürgen Rehm
A decade ago, we queried the unfolding of a 'paradigm shift' in illicit opioid use in North America, specifically involving a shift away from heroin to prescription opioid (PO) use. Today, this situation is more acute than ever, with prescription opioid misuse, morbidity and mortality amounting to one of the most severe substance use-related public health crises ever, now even impacting life expectancy in key population segments. Despite medical system-based PO dispensing and practices being recognised as core drivers of the PO crisis, effective policy measures have been long absent or limited-including those to reduce medical PO use to levels supported by best evidence for pain care...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334461/profile-of-children-diagnosed-with-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-chart-review
#7
Natasha Reid, Doug Shelton, Judith Warner, Frances O'Callaghan, Sharon Dawe
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant public health concern, and growing recognition in Australia led to the establishment of a specialist service for young children. The aim of the current study was to report on the diagnostic profile of a group of children who attended the service, to document the extent to which there were comorbid diagnoses and to provide information on the neurocognitive functioning of the children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review conducted by the diagnostic service...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334460/social-costs-of-illegal-drugs-alcohol-and-tobacco-in-the-european-union-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Pablo Barrio, Jillian Reynolds, Anna García-Altés, Antoni Gual, Peter Anderson
ISSUES: Drug use accounts for one of the main disease groups in Europe, with relevant consequences to society. There is an increasing need to evaluate the economic consequences of drug use in order to develop appropriate policies. Here, we review the social costs of illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco in the European Union. APPROACH: A systematic search of relevant databases was conducted. Grey literature and previous systematic reviews were also searched. Studies reporting on social costs of illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco were included...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334459/populations-and-areas-most-at-risk-of-methamphetamine-related-harms-a-commentary-on-degenhardt-et-al
#9
LETTER
Cindy Woods, Kim Usher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334457/a-bibliometric-review-of-drug-and-alcohol-research-focused-on-indigenous-peoples-of-australia-new-zealand-canada-and-the-united-states
#10
REVIEW
Anton Clifford, Anthony Shakeshaft
ISSUES: Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States experience a disproportionately high burden of harms from substance misuse. Research is therefore required to improve our understanding of substance use in Indigenous populations and provide evidence on strategies effective for reducing harmful use. APPROACH: A search of 13 electronic databases for peer-reviewed articles published between 1993 and 2014 focusing on substance use and Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334456/a-systematic-review-of-combined-student-and-parent-based-programs-to-prevent-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Nicola C Newton, Katrina E Champion, Tim Slade, Cath Chapman, Lexine Stapinski, Ina Koning, Zoe Tonks, Maree Teesson
ISSUES: Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents is a serious concern, and effective prevention is critical. Research indicates that expanding school-based prevention programs to include parenting components could increase prevention outcomes. This paper aims to identify and describe existing combined student- and parent-based programs for the prevention of alcohol and other drug use to evaluate the efficacy of existing programs. APPROACH: The PsycINFO, Medline, Central Register of Controlled trials and Cochrane databases were searched in April 2015 and additional articles were obtained from reference lists...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321939/examining-the-sociocultural-sensitivity-of-subjective-drunkenness-comparing-arab-and-jewish-israeli-pub-patrons
#12
Sharon R Sznitman, Shiran Bord, Wafa Elias, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yoram Shiftan, Orna Baron-Epel
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Subjective drunkenness measures may be useful screening tools for alcohol-related problems. However, if self-reported drunkenness is influenced by social and cultural understandings, the measure may not predict drinking patterns equally across different sociocultural groups. The current study aims to determine whether the two main sociocultural groups in Israel (Arabs and Jews) are equally likely to report drunkenness at comparable levels of breath alcohol content (BrAC)...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321919/borderline-personality-disorder-and-regularly-drinking-alcohol-before-sex
#13
Ronald G Thompson, Nicholas R Eaton, Mei-Chen Hu, Deborah S Hasin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Drinking alcohol before sex increases the likelihood of engaging in unprotected intercourse, having multiple sexual partners and becoming infected with sexually transmitted infections. Borderline personality disorder (BPD), a complex psychiatric disorder characterised by pervasive instability in emotional regulation, self-image, interpersonal relationships and impulse control, is associated with substance use disorders and sexual risk behaviours. However, no study has examined the relationship between BPD and drinking alcohol before sex in the USA...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317315/uptake-of-wheel-filtration-among-clients-of-a-supervised-injecting-facility-can-structured-education-work
#14
Maureen Steele, Edmund Silins, Ian Flaherty, Sarah Hiley, Nick van Breda, Marianne Jauncey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Wheel-filtration of pharmaceutical opioid tablets is a recognised harm reduction strategy, but uptake of the practice among people who inject drugs is low. The study aimed to: (i) examine perceptions of filtration practices; (ii) provide structured education on wheel-filtration; and (iii) assess uptake of the practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: Frequent opioid tablet injectors (n = 30) attending a supervised injecting facility in Sydney, Australia, received hands-on instruction on wheel-filtration based on recommended practice...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317259/a-prospective-study-of-the-substance-use-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-young-adult-former-and-current-cannabis-users
#15
Edmund Silins, Wendy Swift, Tim Slade, Barbara Toson, Bryan Rodgers, Delyse M Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The extent to which young adult former cannabis users fare better than infrequent users is unclear. We investigated the association between cannabis use status at age 23 and substance use and mental health outcomes at age 27. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from the 20+ year cohort of the PATH Through Life Study. Lifetime cannabis users (n = 1410) at age 23 were classified as former/occasional/regular users. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the association between cannabis use status at age 23 and six outcomes assessed at age 27...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317200/self-limiting-non-medical-pharmaceutical-opioid-use-among-young-people-in-sydney-australia-an-exploratory-study
#16
George C Dertadian, Thomas C Dixon, Jennifer Iversen, Lisa Maher
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indicators suggest an escalation in opioid use globally, with recent HIV outbreaks linked to non-medical pharmaceutical opioid (NMPO) use. Little is known about how young Australians engage in NMPO use. DESIGN AND METHODS: During 2015, we conducted qualitative interviews with young people (16-29 years) who reported oral NMPO use at least twice in the past 90 days. The study included a sample of injecting (n = 14) and oral (n = 22) users...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294436/purchases-by-heavier-drinking-young-people-concentrated-in-lower-priced-beverages-implications-for-policy
#17
Martin Wall, Sally Casswell, Li-Chia Yeh
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol is an increasingly important risk factor in the global burden of disease. The acute harms experienced and persistence of drinking patterns established in adolescence motivate investigating influences on youth drinking. The aim is to examine association between heavier drinking in young people and their choice of beverage type, purchase outlet and price. DESIGN AND METHODS: A nationally representative sample of New Zealand drinkers (N = 1056) aged 16-19 years recruited using random digit dialling was surveyed in 2012 as part of the International Alcohol Control study...
March 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294429/longitudinal-alcohol-consumption-patterns-and-health-related-quality-of-life-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#18
Sameer Imtiaz, Genane Loheswaran, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Given the limited nature of the evidence concerning longitudinal alcohol consumption patterns and health-related quality of life (HrQoL), this study examined these associations. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (waves 1 and 2). Multiple linear regression was used to assess the associations between longitudinal alcohol consumption patterns (abstainers, no consumption change, decreased consumption, increased consumption, ceased consumption and initiated consumption) and HrQoL (Short-Form 12-Item Health Survey)...
March 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295899/the-country-level-effects-of-drinking-heavy-drinking-and-drink-prices-on-pre-drinking-an-international-comparison-of-25-countries
#19
Florian Labhart, Jason Ferris, Adam Winstock, Emmanuel Kuntsche
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The practice and adverse consequences of pre-drinking have been documented within a dozen countries, but little remains known about the differences between countries or the country-specific determinants of pre-drinking. This study aims to estimate the percentage of pre-drinkers in different countries and the impact of country-level indicators such as the price of alcohol and the prevalence of drinkers and of heavy drinkers. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data from the Global Drug Survey, the percentage of pre-drinkers was estimated for 25 countries from 65 126 respondents...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295794/alcohol-and-disadvantaged-men-a-feasibility-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-mobile-phone
#20
Iain K Crombie, Linda Irvine, Donald W Falconer, Brian Williams, Ian W Ricketts, Claire Jones, Gerry Humphris, John Norrie, Peter Slane, Peter Rice
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Disadvantaged men suffer substantial harm from heavy drinking. This feasibility study developed and evaluated the methods for a trial of a brief intervention delivered by text messages to disadvantaged men. It aimed to test the methods for recruitment and retention, to monitor engagement with the intervention and assess the overall acceptability of study methods. DESIGN AND METHODS: Disadvantaged men aged 25-44 years who had ≥2 episodes of binge drinking (≥8 units in one session) in the preceding month were recruited...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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