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Drug and Alcohol Review

Kaylin M Greene
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Substance use contributes to motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of death among young adults. The current qualitative study examined perceptions of the acceptability and harms associated with driving after marijuana versus alcohol use in rural America. Illuminating rural perspectives is critical given that the motor vehicle fatality rate is twice as high in rural as in urban areas in the USA. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 2015-2016, 72 young adults aged 18-25 years (Mage = 20...
February 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sally Casswell, Taisia Huckle, Martin Wall, Karl Parker, Surasak Chaiyasong, Charles D H Parry, Pham Viet Cuong, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Marina Piazza
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate behaviours related to four alcohol policy variables (policy-relevant behaviours) and demographic variables in relation to typical quantities of alcohol consumed on-premise in six International Alcohol Control study countries. DESIGN AND METHODS: General population surveys with drinkers using a comparable survey instrument and data analysed using path analysis in an overall model and for each country. MEASURES: typical quantities per occasion consumed on-premise; gender, age; years of education, prices paid, time of purchase, time to access alcohol and liking for alcohol advertisements...
February 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Amanda Reiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Louise Nadeau, Hubert Sacy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Mark Petticrew, Nason Maani Hessari, Cécile Knai, Elisabete Weiderpass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Pham Viet Cuong, Sally Casswell, Karl Parker, Sarah Callinan, Surasak Chaiyasong, Elena Kazantseva, Petra Meier, Anne-Marie MacKintosh, Marina Piazza, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Charles Parry
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study examines the proportion of alcohol markets consumed in harmful drinking occasions in a range of high-, middle-income countries and assesses the implications of these findings for conflict of interest between alcohol producers and public health and the appropriate role of the alcohol industry in alcohol policy space. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 10 countries as part of the International Alcohol Control study...
February 14, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Charles Livingstone
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Gambling research is characterised by widespread gambling industry involvement. It is likely (as with alcohol and tobacco industry influence) that this will delay or divert effective harm prevention or minimisation measures. Gambling harms are known to be significant and widespread. Effective action to reduce these harms requires concomitant efforts to eliminate industry influence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Gambling industry influence and activity in three research forums is described...
February 14, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
John Larsen, Paul Wallace, Fiona Sim, Jonathan Chick, Sarah Jarvis, Iona Lidington, Stephen Neidle, Graham Ogden, Lynn Owens
A recent paper in Drug and Alcohol Review analysed the information on cancer disseminated by 27 alcohol industry funded organisations. The independent UK alcohol education charity Drinkaware was among the organisations whose information was studied, and based on the analysis claims were made of misrepresentation of evidence about the alcohol-related risk of cancer and alcohol industry influence. This commentary challenges the validity of these findings in respect to the evidence relating to the Drinkaware information, as the analysis is found to be misrepresenting the information by both disregarding the wider information content provided and the order and prominence with which alcohol-related cancer risk is presented...
February 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Adam Sherk, Tim Stockwell, Russell C Callaghan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The province of Saskatchewan, Canada introduced minimum prices graded by alcohol strength in April 2010. As previous research found this intervention significantly decreased alcohol consumption and alcohol-attributable morbidity, we aim to test the association between the intervention and the rate of emergency department (ED) visits in four alcohol-related injury categories [motor vehicle collisions (MVC), assaults, falls and total alcohol-related injuries]. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on ED visits in the city of Regina were obtained from the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health...
February 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Amy Pennay, John Holmes, Jukka Törrönen, Michael Livingston, Ludwig Kraus, Robin Room
Adolescent alcohol consumption has been in decline across many high-income countries since the early to mid-2000s. This is a significant public health trend, with few documented examples from history where such a global downward shift in alcohol consumption has occurred primarily among the adolescent segment of the population. In this commentary we describe the nature and breadth of the trend; reflect on the environmental, social and policy factors that have been proffered; and argue that to adequately understand and support the maintenance of these trends, three important methodological considerations are needed for future research...
February 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Hudson Reddon, Kora DeBeck, Maria Eugenia Socias, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr, Michael-John Milloy
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Street-involved youth are known to be at elevated risk of initiating injection drug use. However, the impact of so-called 'gateway' drugs, such as cannabis, on injection initiation is unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the association between cannabis use and initiation of injection drug use among a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for this study were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study...
February 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Chang Yue Chui, Dennis Thomas, Simone Taylor, Billie Bonevski, Michael J Abramson, Eldho Paul, Susan G Poole, Gregory R Weeks, Michael J Dooley, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is recommended as a smoking cessation aid for hospitalised smokers. We examined factors associated with NRT use during hospitalisation and after discharge, and NRT uptake when systematically offered free of cost. DESIGN AND METHODS: A nested analysis was conducted using data from a clinical trial that evaluated the effectiveness of a pharmacist-led smoking cessation intervention in 600 hospitalised smokers...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ignacio Redondo, Cristel A Russell, Jorge Bernal
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We propose that branded and non-branded product placements in movies are interpreted differently and that a movie with unbranded alcohol portrayals influences audiences' alcohol-related beliefs and choices indirectly, through the process of narrative transportation, whereas a movie with branded alcohol placements impacts audiences' alcohol beliefs and choices via a more basic social-cognitive process of influence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Ordinary moviegoers (N = 758) attended a showing of The Snows of Kilimanjaro (2011) in a popular theatre in Tacna, Peru...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Louise Geddes, Jenny Iversen, Sonja Memedovic, Lisa Maher
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is a current epidemic of pharmaceutical opioid (PO) misuse, particularly fentanyl and fentanyl analogues, globally. Fentanyl is a highly potent synthetic opioid with rapid onset and significantly higher risk of overdose compared with other opioids. Contexts and correlates of fentanyl use among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Australia are under-researched. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Australian Needle Syringe Program Survey is conducted annually...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Élise Roy, Nelson Arruda, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Djamal Berbiche, Rossio Motta-Ochoa, Julie Bruneau
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Tranquilizer use is associated with negative health outcomes among people who use drugs. This paper aims to estimate the incidence rate (initiation) and identify predictors of tranquilizer misuse (TM) among cocaine users. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in Montreal, Canada. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were carried out at 3-month intervals. Initiation was defined as misusing a tranquilizer for the first time during follow-up...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jonas Raninen, Michael Livingston, Patrik Karlsson, Håkan Leifman, Ulf Guttormsson, Johan Svensson, Peter Larm
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Researchers in a number of countries have recently identified major changes in adolescent alcohol consumption since the early 2000s, with the prevalence of teenage drinking more than halving in some countries. The major aims of the current study are to examine if there are sub-groups among non-drinking Swedish ninth graders and to describe how the prevalence of these groups has changed during the period 1999 to 2015. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from five waves of the Swedish European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs study was used...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ken Pidd, Ann Roche, Jacqui Cameron, Nicole Lee, Linda Jenner, Vinita Duraisingam
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The workplace holds substantial potential as an alcohol harm reduction and prevention setting. Few studies have rigorously examined strategies to reduce workplace alcohol-related harm. Hence, an in-situ 3 year trial of a comprehensive alcohol harm reduction intervention in Australian manufacturing workplaces was undertaken. DESIGN AND METHODS: Informed by a gap analysis, a multi-site trial was undertaken. Three manufacturing industry companies, located at four separate worksites, with a minimum of 100 employees were recruited through a local industry network...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Hannah L Brooks, Shehzad Kassam, Ginetta Salvalaggio, Elaine Hyshka
ISSUES: People with severe alcohol use disorders are at increased risk of poor acute-care outcomes, in part due to difficulties maintaining abstinence from alcohol while hospitalised. Managed alcohol programs (MAP), which administer controlled doses of beverage alcohol to prevent withdrawal and stabilise drinking patterns, are one strategy for increasing adherence to treatment, and improving health outcomes for hospital inpatients with severe alcohol use disorders. APPROACH: Minimal research has examined the implementation of MAPs in hospital settings...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen, Philip Clare, Julaine Allan, Norm Henderson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Aboriginal residential rehabilitation services provide healing for Aboriginal people who misuse substances. There is limited available research that empirically describes client characteristics of these services. This study examined 5 years of data of a remote Aboriginal residential rehabilitation service. DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 329 client admissions to Orana Haven Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Centre from 2011 to 2016...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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