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Drug and Alcohol Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239048/drug-and-alcohol-treatment-providers-views-about-the-disease-model-of-addiction-and-its-impact-on-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Anthony I Barnett, Wayne Hall, Craig L Fry, Ella Dilkes-Frayne, Adrian Carter
ISSUES: Addiction treatment providers' views about the disease model of addiction (DMA), and their contemporary views about the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), remain an understudied area. We systematically reviewed treatment providers' attitudes about the DMA/BDMA, examined factors associated with positive or negative attitudes and assessed their views on the potential clinical impact of both models. APPROACH: Pubmed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Sociological Abstracts were systematically searched...
December 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230888/the-status-of-support-for-cannabis-regulation-in-uruguay-4-years-after-reform-evidence-from-public-opinion-surveys
#2
José Miguel Cruz, Maria Fernanda Boidi, Rosario Queirolo
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The objective of this study was to measure the public support for marijuana legalisation in Uruguay, both overall and in its provisions, in nearly 4 years after its implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three separate cross-national surveys were conducted in early 2014, late 2015 and mid-2017 with national representative samples of adults. The first study was carried out during the initial months of implementation of the law and used face-to-face interviews (N = 1490); the second survey was conducted using a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system (N = 703); and the third study (N = 1515), using face-to-face interviews, was completed just before the implementation of pharmacy sales...
December 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218799/structural-factors-associated-with-methamphetamine-smoking-among-female-sex-workers-in-tijuana-mexico
#3
Erin E Conners, Tommi L Gaines, Steffanie A Strathdee, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Kimberly C Brouwer
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Smoking methamphetamine is associated with increased risk of HIV among female sex workers (FSW). The structural context of substance use is an important shaper of individual behaviour; however, structural determinants of methamphetamine use among FSWs are largely unknown. We identified individual, structural and neighbourhood factors associated with smoking methamphetamine among FSWs in the border city of Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective cohort of 301 FSWs sampled from indoor and outdoor sex work venues throughout Tijuana participated in quantitative surveys on behaviours and mapping of home and work neighbourhoods across three visits...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218751/comparing-levels-of-blood-alcohol-concentration-and-indicators-of-impairment-in-nightlife-patrons
#4
Nic Droste, Peter Miller, Christine E Kaestle, Ashlee Curtis, Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Tanya Chikritzhs, Tina Lam, William Gilmore
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Breathalyser estimate of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is widely used as an objective intoxication measure, but is not always practical in nightlife contexts. This study uses in situ data collected in nightlife environments to explore how four measures of intoxication are related so as to inform the development of a more practical and reliable method of differentiating intoxication for people working in the night-time economy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Nightlife patron interviews were conducted in five Australian cities...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218748/adolescent-non-drinkers-who-are-they-social-relations-school-performance-lifestyle-factors-and-health-behaviours
#5
Peter Larm, Cecilia Åslund, Jonas Raninen, Kent W Nilsson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Traditionally, non-drinking adults or young adults have been associated with health deficits rather than health benefits. However, as the proportion of Swedish non-drinking adolescents has doubled since 2000, their health profiles are of interest. The aim of the present study is to examine whether social relations, school characteristics, lifestyle factors or health behaviours distinguish adolescent non-drinkers from adolescent drinkers, and if their health profiles have changed from 2004 to 2012...
December 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168263/incidence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-disorder-diagnoses-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-a-canadian-setting
#6
Hudson Reddon, Tyler Pettes, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, Michael-John Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Limited attention has been given to the predictors of mental health diagnoses among people who inject drugs (PWID) in community settings. Therefore, we sought to longitudinally examine the prevalence, incidence and predictors of mental disorder diagnosis among a community-recruited cohort of PWID. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were derived from two prospective cohort studies of PWID (VIDUS and ACCESS) in Vancouver, Canada between December 2005 and May 2015...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168262/cross-border-migration-and-initiation-of-others-into-drug-injecting-in-tijuana-mexico
#7
Claudia Rafful, Jason Melo, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gudelia Rangel, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Dan Werb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to prevent injection drug use (IDU) are increasingly focusing on the role that people who inject drugs (PWID) play in facilitating the entry of others into this behaviour. This is particularly relevant in settings experiencing high levels of IDU, such as Mexico's northern border region, where cross-border migration, particularly through forced deportation, has been found to increase a range of health and social harms related to injecting. DESIGN AND METHODS: PWID enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Tijuana, Mexico, since 2011 were interviewed semi-annually, which solicited responses on their experiences initiating others into injecting...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168256/alcohol-taxes-contribution-to-prices-in-high-and-middle-income-countries-data-from-the-international-alcohol-control-study
#8
Martin Wall, Sally Casswell, Sarah Callinan, Surasak Chaiyasong, Pham Viet Cuong, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Charles Parry
INTRODUCTION: Taxation is increasingly being used as an effective means of influencing behaviour in relation to harmful products. In this paper we use data from six participating countries of the International Alcohol Control Study to examine and evaluate their comparative prices and tax regimes. METHODS: We calculate taxes and prices for three high-income and three middle-income countries. The data are drawn from the International Alcohol Control survey and from the Alcohol Environment Protocol...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168249/violent-crime-redistribution-in-a-city-following-a-substantial-increase-in-the-number-of-off-sale-alcohol-outlets-a-bayesian-analysis
#9
Dennis M Gorman, William R Ponicki, Qi Zheng, Daikwon Han, Paul J Gruenewald, Andrew J Gaidus
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study examined whether the introduction of a large number of off-premise alcohol outlets into a city over a brief period of time could affect rates of violent crime. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study analysed annual counts of violent crime across 172 US Census block groups in Lubbock, Texas from 2006 through 2011. Spatial Poisson models related annual violent crime counts within each block group to off-premise and on-premise alcohol outlets active during this time period as well as neighbourhood socio-demographic characteristics...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151272/changes-in-alcohol-policies-and-practices-in-bars-and-restaurants-after-completion-of-manager-focused-responsible-service-training
#10
Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Toben F Nelson, Keith J Horvath, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Alexandra M Ecklund, Traci L Toomey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Irresponsible and illegal serving practices at bars and restaurants, such as sales to obviously intoxicated patrons, can lead to various public health harms. Training managers of bars and restaurants in the development and promotion of responsible alcohol policies may help prevent risky and illegal alcohol serving practices. DESIGN AND METHODS: We implemented a training program for managers of bars/restaurants designed to establish and promote responsible beverage service policies/practices...
November 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105203/self-reported-injection-practices-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-french-prisons-public-health-implications-anrs-coquelicot-survey-2011-2013
#11
Laurent Michel, Philippe Trouiller, Aude Chollet, Marie Molinier, Lucie Duchesne, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the prevalences of injection practices and needle/syringe sharing in people who use drugs in French prisons, and to investigate associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the ANRS-Coquelicot survey (2011-2013), a random sample of 1718 people who used drugs in free society was included. Information regarding a history of incarceration, drug-injection practices inside prison and needle/syringe sharing was collected during interviews...
November 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105182/collectivity-of-drinking-or-collective-thinking-policy-implications-of-polarised-alcohol-consumption-trends
#12
LETTER
Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, Zangin Zeebari, Jürgen Rehm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082568/stopping-khat-use-predictors-of-success-in-an-unaided-quit-attempt
#13
Samson W Duresso, Raimondo Bruno, Allison J Matthews, Stuart G Ferguson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Despite the adverse effects of khat use and chewers interest in cessation, there are few studies that have reported on the outcome of khat cessation attempts, and limited resources available for potential quitters. We used electronic diaries to monitor the outcomes of an unassisted quit attempt among daily and near daily khat consumers, and examine predictors of success. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty participants between the ages of 18 and 35 years who regularly chewed khat and who were attempting to quit were purposively recruited from an Ethiopian University campus...
October 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027283/does-managing-the-consumption-of-people-with-severe-alcohol-dependence-reduce-harm-a-comparison-of-participants-in-six-canadian-managed-alcohol-programs-with-locally-recruited-controls
#14
Tim Stockwell, Bernie Pauly, Clifton Chow, Rebekah A Erickson, Bonnie Krysowaty, Audra Roemer, Kate Vallance, Ashley Wettlaufer, Jinhui Zhao
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAP) are intended for people with severe alcohol-related problems and unstable housing. We investigated whether MAP participation was associated with changes in drinking patterns and related harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five MAP participants from five Canadian cities (Hamilton, Ottawa, Toronto, Thunder Bay and Vancouver) and 189 same-city controls were assessed for alcohol consumption, health, safety and harm outcomes...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024092/pharmaceutical-opioid-use-and-harm-in-australia-the-need-for-proactive-and-preventative-responses
#15
Briony Larance, Louisa Degenhardt, Amy Peacock, Natasa Gisev, Richard Mattick, Samantha Colledge, Gabrielle Campbell
There are parallels between the North American experience of escalating pharmaceutical opioid utilisation and harm and the trends being observed in Australia. In Australia, opioid utilisation has increased dramatically over the past two decades. There have been significant shifts away from the predominant prescribing of 'weak' and short-acting opioids, to 'strong' and long-acting opioids, for an increasing range of chronic pain indications. In concordance with escalating use, Australia is experiencing increases in opioid-related hospital admissions and overdose, as well as opioid dependence and treatment seeking...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024074/comparison-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-substance-users-and-the-parents-or-partners-of-substance-users
#16
Robert J Tait
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is growing interest in the impact of substance use on both the individual consumer's subjective wellbeing (SWB) and the reduced SWB of those closely connected to him or her. The study aimed to compare SWB among substance users ('consumers') and the parents or partners affected by another's substance use, and to evaluate the effect of counselling on changed SWB to 6 months. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used longitudinal data from a not-for-profit treatment service based in Perth, Australia...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986963/development-and-evaluation-of-pure-rush-an-online-serious-game-for-drug-education
#17
Lexine A Stapinski, Bill Reda, Nicola C Newton, Siobhan Lawler, Daniel Rodriguez, Catherine Chapman, Maree Teesson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Learning is most effective when it is active, enjoyable and incorporates feedback. Past research demonstrates that serious games are prime candidates to utilise these principles, however the potential benefits of this approach for delivering drug education are yet to be examined in Australia, a country where drug education in schools is mandatory. DESIGN AND METHODS: The serious game 'Pure Rush' was developed across three stages. First, formative consultation was conducted with 115 students (67% male, aged 15-17 years), followed by feasibility and acceptability testing of a prototype of the game (n = 25, 68% male)...
October 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971544/large-variation-in-measures-used-to-assess-outcomes-of-opioid-dependence-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-observational-studies
#18
REVIEW
Lucas Wiessing, Marica Ferri, Shane Darke, Roland Simon, Paul Griffiths
ISSUES: Treatment outcomes for drug users are critical for informing policy and therapeutic practice. The coherence of outcomes, changes and drug use measures from observational studies on opioid use treatment were reviewed. APPROACH: Systematic review of the literature for longitudinal observational studies, from 1980 through November 2015, in all languages, with data on treated opioid users, using Pubmed, the Cochrane Library and additional strategies (e.g. Pubmed function 'related citations' and checking reference lists of eligible studies)...
October 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940805/methods-for-delivering-the-uk-s-multi-centre-prison-based-naloxone-on-release-pilot-randomised-trial-n-alive-europe-s-largest-prison-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Angela Mary Meade, Sheila Macdonald Bird, John Strang, Tracey Pepple, Laura Lea Nichols, Monica Mascarenhas, Louise Choo, Mahesh Kumar Bhikhubhai Parmar
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Naloxone is an opioid antagonist used for emergency resuscitation following opioid overdose. Prisoners with a history of heroin use by injection have a high risk of drug-related death in the first weeks after prison-release. The N-ALIVE trial was planned as a large prison-based randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the effectiveness of naloxone-on-release in the prevention of fatal opiate overdoses soon after release. The N-ALIVE pilot trial was conducted to test the main trial's assumptions on recruitment of prisons and prisoners, and the logistics for ensuring that participants received their N-ALIVE pack on release...
September 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940788/a-naturalistic-longitudinal-analysis-of-post-detoxification-outcomes-in-opioid-dependent-patients
#20
Jo-Hanna Ivers, Lina Zgaga, Brion Sweeney, Eamon Keenan, Catherine Darker, Bobby P Smyth, Joe Barry
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To provide an assessment of outcomes in a cohort of opioid-dependent patients post-detoxification. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study employed an observational longitudinal cohort design. Patients who completed detoxification in the three major Drug Dependency Units in Ireland during a 14-month period were included in the study (n = 143). Patients opting for one of the three pathways post-detoxification (inpatient aftercare, outpatient aftercare or no formal aftercare) were assessed in the final week of detoxification and followed up after 3, 6 and 9 months...
September 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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