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Drug and Alcohol Review

Desiree Madah-Amiri, Thomas Clausen, Lars Myrmel, Guttorm Brattebø, Philipp Lobmaier
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Opioid overdose fatalities are a significant concern globally. Non-fatal overdoses have been described as a strong predictor for future overdoses, and are often attended by the ambulance services. This paper explores characteristics associated with non-fatal overdoses and aims to identify possible trends among these events in an urban area in Norway. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of non-fatal overdoses from Bergen ambulance services from 2012 to 2013...
December 30, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Russell C Callaghan, Jodi M Gatley, Jenna Sykes, Lawren Taylor
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Even though individuals with substance-use disorders have a high prevalence of tobacco smoking, surprisingly little is known about smoking-related mortality in these populations. The current retrospective cohort study aims to address this gap. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study sample included cohorts of individuals hospitalised in California between 1990 and 2005 with alcohol- (n = 509 422), cocaine- (n = 35 276), opioid- (n = 53 172), marijuana- (n = 15 995) or methamphetamine-use (n = 36 717) disorders...
December 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kate Westberg, Constantino Stavros, Aaron C T Smith, Geoff Munro, Kevin Argus
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To examine how alcohol brands use sport in their communication activities on social media. Despite extensive research exploring alcohol advertising and sponsorship through sport, minimal attention has been given to digital platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study undertakes a qualitative content analysis to examine the social media activity of alcohol brands sponsoring the three largest spectator sports in Australia: Australian rules football, rugby league and cricket...
November 20, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Marissa B Esser, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Girish N Rao, Deepak Jayarajan, Lakshmanan Sethu, Pratima Murthy, David H Jernigan, Vivek Benegal
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: India has a checkered history of alcohol prohibition; however, alcohol use is becoming more prevalent. We assessed the reporting of tangible and intangible harms from strangers' alcohol consumption by respondents' sex and how respondents' drinking and sociodemographic characteristics were associated with the reporting of these alcohol-related harms by strangers. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from household interviews administered in five Indian states from October 2011 to May 2012...
November 9, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Philip George, Balasingam Vicknasingam, Sivakumar Thurairajasingam, Parameswaran Ramasamy, Haslina Mohd Yusof, Mohd Azhar Bin Mohd Yasin, Zia U Bahkt Sultan Shah
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Opioid dependence remains the main type of illicit substance used in Malaysia, which has an estimated 187 771 opiate users. There are currently 333 active methadone maintenance treatment centres nationwide. Although methadone has proven to be an effective maintenance therapy, it has clinical concerns which can have an impact on its effectiveness and safety. DESIGN, METHODS AND RESULTS: A case series of seven patients from Malaysian private and public hospital settings who had an adverse reaction with methadone is discussed...
November 8, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kypros Kypri
Regulating late-night alcohol sales to prevent violence continues to be hotly debated in Australia. From July this year, Queensland required premises to stop serving alcohol (last drinks) by 3 am in entertainment precincts and by 2 am in the rest of the state. The Government made legislative provision for 1 am lockouts in entertainment precincts but at the time of writing has not committed to introducing them. Lockouts, also known as one-way-doors, permit patrons to remain drinking in premises until last drinks but deny entry to new patrons...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Rosemary E F Kingston, Christina Marel, Katherine L Mills
ISSUES: The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of comorbid mental health conditions in people accessing treatment for substance use in Australia. APPROACH: A systematic review identified studies meeting the following eligibility criteria: reporting original data published in English; sample presenting for substance use treatment in Australia; assessing the prevalence of mental health and substance use conditions and reporting the percentage of participants with co-occurring mental health and substance use conditions...
October 27, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Louisa Gilbert, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Danil Nikitin, Olga Rychkova, Tara McCrimmon, Irena Ermolaeva, Nadejda Sharonova, Aibek Mukambetov, Timothy Hunt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and other forms of gender-based violence (GBV) are serious public health threats among women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a two-session IPV and GBV screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment model (WINGS) with HIV counselling and testing for women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan, using a pre/post-design...
October 22, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Genevieve Whitlam, Michael Dinh, Craig Rodgers, David J Muscatello, Rhydwyn McGuire, Therese Ryan, Sarah Thackway
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Acute harm from heavy drinking episodes is an increasing focus of public health policy, but capturing timely data on acute harms in the population is challenging. This study aimed to evaluate the precision of readily available administrative emergency department (ED) data in public health surveillance of acute alcohol harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: We selected a random sample of 1000 ED presentations assigned an ED diagnosis code for alcohol harms (the 'alcohol syndrome') in the New South Wales, Australia, automatic syndromic surveillance system...
November 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sally Casswell, Sarah Callinan, Surasak Chaiyasong, Pham Viet Cuong, Elena Kazantseva, Tsogzolmaa Bayandorj, Taisia Huckle, Karl Parker, Renee Railton, Martin Wall
The alcohol industry have attempted to position themselves as collaborators in alcohol policy making as a way of influencing policies away from a focus on the drivers of the harmful use of alcohol (marketing, over availability and affordability). Their framings of alcohol consumption and harms allow them to argue for ineffective measures, largely targeting heavier consumers, and against population wide measures as the latter will affect moderate drinkers. The goal of their public relations organisations is to 'promote responsible drinking'...
November 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Steven J Ondersma, Dace S Svikis, Leroy R Thacker, Jessica R Beatty, Nancy Lockhart
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Most women cut down or quit alcohol use during pregnancy, but return to pre-pregnancy levels of use after giving birth. Universal screening and brief intervention for alcohol use has shown promise, but has proven challenging to implement and has rarely been evaluated with postpartum women. This trial evaluated a single 20-min, electronic screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) for alcohol use among postpartum women. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this parallel group randomised trial, 123 postpartum, low-income, primarily African-American women meeting criteria for unhealthy alcohol use were randomly assigned to either a tailored e-SBI (n = 61) or a time-matched control condition (n = 62), with follow-up at 3 and 6 months...
November 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sarah Larney, Elena Cama, Elliot Nelson, Briony Larance, Louisa Degenhardt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Involvement in the criminal justice system is common among opioid-dependent people. This study aimed to determine prevalence and adolescent-onset correlates of adult imprisonment among opioid-dependent men and women in New South Wales, Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from opioid substitution therapy clinics and completed a face-to-face, structured interview. Data were collected on demographic characteristics, family history, substance dependence and psychiatric disorders...
November 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sarah MacLean, Ross Hengsen, Raelene Stephens
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This article identifies factors that participants in a study based in an Australian regional centre believed to be critical to understanding and responding to crystal methamphetamine (ice) use among Aboriginal people. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study entailed a participatory methodology involving a university and an Aboriginal community controlled organisation. Semi-structured interviews conducted with ice users (n = 14), family members (n = 6) and workers (n = 6) were analysed thematically...
October 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Gail Gilchrist, Polly Radcliffe, Ana Regina Noto, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas d'Oliveira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration is common among men who use substances. Substance use is a contributing factor for IPV perpetration. This cross-sectional study determined lifetime prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating IPV by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil (n = 281) and England (n = 223). DESIGN AND METHODS: IPV, adverse childhood experiences, attitudes towards gender relations and roles, current health state, substance use, depressive symptoms and anger expression were assessed...
October 5, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Robyn Johnston, Julia Stafford, Hannah Pierce, Mike Daube
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In Australia, most alcohol is sold as packaged liquor from off-premises retailers, a market increasingly dominated by supermarket chains. Competition between retailers may encourage marketing approaches, for example, discounting, that evidence indicates contribute to alcohol-related harms. This research documented the nature and variety of promotional methods used by two major supermarket retailers to promote alcohol products in their supermarket catalogues. DESIGN AND METHODS: Weekly catalogues from the two largest Australian supermarket chains were reviewed for alcohol-related content over 12 months...
September 28, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ashlea Bartram, Jaklin Eliott, Shona Crabb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol is ingrained in Australian culture, playing an important role in many social occasions. This can make reducing or stopping alcohol consumption challenging, as one risks rejecting, not just a drink but also the valued social norms that drink represents. This study aimed to investigate the social experiences of adults who stop or reduce their alcohol consumption. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with people aged over 25 years who had stopped or significantly reduced their alcohol consumption for at least 3 months in the past year and were thematically analysed...
September 28, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
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