Read by QxMD icon Read

Drug and Alcohol Review

Peter Butterworth, Denise Becker, Louisa Degenhardt, Wayne D Hall, George C Patton
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and frequency of amphetamine use in a cohort of Australians aged in their mid-30s. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of wave 10 data collected in 2014 from the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study: a sample of 1435 persons originally selected in a stratified, random community survey of secondary school students from the state of Victoria that commenced in 1992. Weighted multinomial regression models were used to evaluate the social, health and other substance-use correlates of lifetime and current (12-month) amphetamine use and current frequency of use...
July 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Anthony Barnett, Wayne Hall, Craig L Fry, Ella Dilkes-Frayne, Adrian Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Elle Wadsworth, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cannabis use is the most widely used illicit substance in the USA. Currently, over half of US jurisdictions have legalised medical cannabis and nine US jurisdictions (and Washington DC) have legalised non-medical cannabis. Comparisons across jurisdictions can help to evaluate the impact of these policies. The current study examined patterns of cannabis use among youth in three categories: (i) states that have legalised non-medical cannabis with established markets; (ii) jurisdictions that recently legalised non-medical cannabis without established markets; and (iii) all other jurisdictions where non-medical cannabis is prohibited...
July 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
James A Foulds, Victoria Manning, Joshua B B Garfield, Steve J Allsop, Tina Lam, Shalini Arunogiri, Dan I Lubman
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Prescribed psychotropic medications contribute to overdose mortality among people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) disorders. We report on prescribed psychotropic medication use among AOD treatment service attendees, focusing on sedative drugs. DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective multi-site naturalistic outcome study in residential and outpatient AOD treatment facilities in Victoria and Western Australia. A convenience sample of 480 people (57% male; mean age 36...
July 9, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Joel W Grube, William DeJong, Maureen DeJong, Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Brad S Krevor
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Clerks and servers at alcohol establishments often fail to verify age. Using mystery shoppers to provide performance feedback is one approach to improving age verification. Few controlled studies have evaluated mystery shop interventions. This paper reports on a cluster randomised cross-over trial of a mystery shop intervention in 16 communities in four US states. DESIGN AND METHODS: The intervention comprised monthly mystery shops after which clerks and servers received immediate feedback to reinforce age verification...
July 9, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Katinka Van de Ven, Lisa Maher, Handan Wand, Sonja Memedovic, Eva Jackson, Jenny Iversen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: People who use performance and image enhancing drugs (PIED) are a growing population in needle syringe programs (NSP) in Australia. Previous international research has identified heterogeneity among the PIED-using population. This study investigated health behaviours among NSP attendees who had recently (last 12 months) injected PIEDs and examined differences among this group according to recent psychoactive drug use. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey is an annually repeated cross-sectional survey conducted at approximately 50 NSPs nationally...
July 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Amanda M George, Byron L Zamboanga, Jessica L Martin, Janine V Olthuis
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Given the prevalence of drinking games among university students and the health risks associated with playing drinking games, it is important to consider motivations for participation. The psychometric properties of the Motives for Playing Drinking Games (MPDG) measure have been examined among US college student samples, but mixed findings have been reported regarding the number of factors in the measure. This is the first study to examine the factor structure and applicability of the MPDG measure among a sample of Australian university students...
July 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Motohiro Nakajima, Richard Hoffman, Abed Alsameai, Najat Sayim Khalil, Mustafa al'Absi
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Khat (Catha edulis) is a stimulant plant widely used in East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Tobacco is often co-used with khat and its use has expanded to other parts of the world. Chronic khat use is associated with negative health consequences. There is a lack of research to develop a tool to assess attitudes toward khat use. This study aimed to develop a brief tool to assess attitude and perception related to khat (i.e. the Khat Knowledge, Attitudes and Perception Scale)...
June 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Bill King, Enjelita Ndoen, Ron Borland
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To identify the range and coherence of smokers and recent ex-smokers' general beliefs about the harms associated with smoking and the implications of these beliefs for their assessments of the relative harms and addictiveness of various nicotine containing products. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study consisted of 18 single participant interviews with current smokers or vapers (13 M, 5 F) and three focus groups (15 M, 14 F) with current smokers/vapers and recent quitters...
June 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Surasak Chaiyasong, Taisia Huckle, Anne-Marie Mackintosh, Petra Meier, Charles Parry, Sarah Callinan, Cuong Pham, Elena Kazantseva, Gaile Gray-Phillip, Karl Parker, Sally Casswell
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Gender and age patterns of drinking are important in guiding country responses to harmful use of alcohol. This study undertook cross-country analysis of drinking across gender, age groups in some high-and middle-income countries. DESIGN AND METHODS: Surveys of drinkers were conducted in Australia, England, Scotland, New Zealand, St Kitts and Nevis (high-income), Thailand, South Africa, Mongolia and Vietnam (middle-income) as part of the International Alcohol Control Study...
June 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jim McCambridge, Melissa Mialon
ISSUES: Alcohol companies have recently invested large sums of money in answering research questions to which they have clear vested interests in the outcomes. There have been extensive concerns about corporate influence on public health sciences, following the experience with the tobacco industry. APPROACH: This systematic review aims to investigate the perspectives of researchers on the activities of alcohol industry actors in relation to science, in order to guide future research...
June 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Niamh Fitzgerald, Jo Winterbottom, James Nicholls
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is international interest in how the availability of alcohol can be controlled to reduce harms. An objective of 'protecting and improving public health' was introduced to alcohol premises licensing in Scotland in 2005, resulting in public health actors engaging with licensing in new ways. We aimed to explore their experiences, including perceptions of the distribution of power, and constraints on their influence and that of the general public within the licensing system...
June 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Stephen Tomsen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use and homicide are a wide community concern with particular interest in understanding and preventing attacks (e.g. 'one punch' male on male attacks) in commercial nightlife settings with high levels of collective drinking. There is insufficient knowledge of the long-term patterns in this violence or the relationship between public drinking and flow on violence in other social settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: Alcohol-related homicides were those in which alcohol consumption was a contributing factor...
June 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Tameka McFadyen, Jennifer Tindall, John Wiggers, Melanie Kingsland, Shauna Sherker, Karen Gillham, Bosco Rowland, Rachael Heaton, Christophe Lecathelinais, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Those involved in organised sport have a high risk of excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm, the implementation of alcohol management practices have been proven to reduce these risks. Measuring alcohol management practice implementation by sporting clubs is impeded by a lack of valid tools. The aim of this study was to determine the validity of online self-report of alcohol-management practices by community football clubs via comparison with observational methods...
June 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kypros Kypri, Michael Thorn, John Crozier
Alcohol consumption is behind only smoking and obesity among leading contributors to the burden of disease in Australia. For the first time in over a decade, Australian governments are developing a National Alcohol Strategy, and plan to finalise it in 2018. The draft contains evidence-based recommendations but lacks a framework for accountability, and the Commonwealth Minister of Health recently suggested that the alcohol industry help devise the final version. We recommend that the Government rely on advice from health experts for health policy, pre-specify outcome indicators, commit to modest activities initially, to develop momentum; and commission independent evaluation after 3 years...
July 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Cesar Leos-Toro, Samantha Shiplo, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Very little is known about the social experience of medical cannabis use, including the experience of stigma among approved users. The current study examined perceptions of support from physicians, family and friends as well as the prevalence of 'hiding' medicinal cannabis use. DESIGN AND METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey (N = 276) was conducted from 29 April to 8 June 2015. No public sampling frame was available from which to sample approved medical cannabis users (MCU)...
July 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sandra Cortina, Mary Clare Kennedy, Huiru Dong, Nadia Fairbairn, Kanna Hayashi, M-J Milloy, Thomas Kerr
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: People who use illicit drugs (PWUD) often engage in drug use during hospitalisation. Adverse outcomes may arise from efforts to conceal inpatient drug use, especially in hospital settings that rely on abstinence-based policies. Harm reduction interventions, including supervised drug consumption services, have not been well studied in hospital settings. This study examines factors associated with willingness to use an in-hospital supervised inhalation room (SIR) among people who smoke crack cocaine in Vancouver, Canada...
July 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Maren Mikkelsen Ellingsen, Sunniva Launes Johannesen, Egil W Martinsen, Mats Hallgren
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Novel treatments for substance use disorders are needed. Acute bouts of exercise can improve mood states in non-clinical populations, but effects in those with poly-substance dependence are understudied. We examined the feasibility and short-term effects of three types of exercise on drug cravings, self-esteem, mood and positive/negative affect in nine poly-drug-dependent inpatients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-over design, changes in the four study outcomes were assessed immediately before exercise and on four separate occasions post-exercise (immediately after, then at 1, 2 and 4 h post-exercise) enabling patterns of change over time (analysis of covariance) to be observed...
June 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kyra Hamilton, Jacob J Keech, Amy E Peden, Martin S Hagger
ISSUES: Drowning is a global public health issue, and there is a strong association between alcohol and risk of drowning. No previous systematic review known to date has identified factors associated with alcohol use and engagement in aquatic activities resulting in injury or drowning (fatal and non-fatal). APPROACH: Literature published from inception until 31 January 2017 was reviewed. Included articles were divided into three categories: (i) prevalence and/or risk factors for alcohol-related fatal and non-fatal drowning and aquatic injury, (ii) understanding alcohol use and aquatic activities, and (iii) prevention strategies...
June 3, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Amanda M George, Byron L Zamboanga
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Most drinking game (DG) research among university students has been conducted among USA college samples. The extent to which demographics and game type (e.g. team and sculling games) are linked to DG behaviours/consequences among non-USA students is not well understood. As such, the current study investigated characteristics of DG participation (and associated outcomes) among a sample of Australian university students. METHODS: University students (N = 252; aged 18-24 years; 67% female) who had consumed alcohol in the prior year completed an online survey...
May 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"