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Drug and Alcohol Review

Louisa Gilbert, Tina Jiwatram-Negron, Danil Nikitin, Olga Rychkova, Tara McCrimmon, Irena Ermolaeva, Nadejda Sharonova, Aibek Mukambetov, Timothy Hunt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and other forms of gender-based violence (GBV) are serious public health threats among women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effects of a two-session IPV and GBV screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment model (WINGS) with HIV counselling and testing for women who use drugs or engage in binge drinking in Kyrgyzstan, using a pre/post-design...
October 22, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sarah MacLean, Ross Hengsen, Raelene Stephens
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This article identifies factors that participants in a study based in an Australian regional centre believed to be critical to understanding and responding to crystal methamphetamine (ice) use among Aboriginal people. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study entailed a participatory methodology involving a university and an Aboriginal community controlled organisation. Semi-structured interviews conducted with ice users (n = 14), family members (n = 6) and workers (n = 6) were analysed thematically...
October 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Gail Gilchrist, Polly Radcliffe, Ana Regina Noto, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas d'Oliveira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration is common among men who use substances. Substance use is a contributing factor for IPV perpetration. This cross-sectional study determined lifetime prevalence and factors associated with ever perpetrating IPV by men receiving substance use treatment in Brazil (n = 281) and England (n = 223). DESIGN AND METHODS: IPV, adverse childhood experiences, attitudes towards gender relations and roles, current health state, substance use, depressive symptoms and anger expression were assessed...
October 5, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Robyn Johnston, Julia Stafford, Hannah Pierce, Mike Daube
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In Australia, most alcohol is sold as packaged liquor from off-premises retailers, a market increasingly dominated by supermarket chains. Competition between retailers may encourage marketing approaches, for example, discounting, that evidence indicates contribute to alcohol-related harms. This research documented the nature and variety of promotional methods used by two major supermarket retailers to promote alcohol products in their supermarket catalogues. DESIGN AND METHODS: Weekly catalogues from the two largest Australian supermarket chains were reviewed for alcohol-related content over 12 months...
September 28, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ashlea Bartram, Jaklin Eliott, Shona Crabb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol is ingrained in Australian culture, playing an important role in many social occasions. This can make reducing or stopping alcohol consumption challenging, as one risks rejecting, not just a drink but also the valued social norms that drink represents. This study aimed to investigate the social experiences of adults who stop or reduce their alcohol consumption. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with people aged over 25 years who had stopped or significantly reduced their alcohol consumption for at least 3 months in the past year and were thematically analysed...
September 28, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ronald G Thompson, Dana Alonzo, Mei-Chen Hu, Deborah S Hasin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Research indicates that parental divorce and parental alcohol abuse independently increase likelihood of offspring lifetime suicide attempt. However, when experienced together, only parental alcohol abuse significantly increased odds of suicide attempt. It is unclear to what extent differences in the effect of maternal versus paternal alcohol use exist on adult offspring lifetime suicide attempt risk. This study examined the influences of parental divorce and maternal-paternal histories of alcohol problems on adult offspring lifetime suicide attempt...
August 19, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Polly Radcliffe, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas d'Oliveira, Susan Lea, Wagner Dos Santos Figueiredo, Gail Gilchrist
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This paper describes how substance use features in the accounts of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators in treatment in England and Brazil. The aim of the research was to better understand cross cultural constructions of IPV perpetration amongst men in treatment for substance use. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 men in community substance use treatment in Sao Paolo, Brazil and London and the South East of England who had reported IPV perpetration in a questionnaire survey...
August 12, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Homelessness is associated with increased prevalence of mental health disorders, substance use disorders and mental health/substance use disorder comorbidity in the United States of America. Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in the United States are at increased risk for homelessness, and have also evidenced elevated mental health and substance use disorder prevalence relative to their non-MSM male counterparts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a randomised controlled trial estimating the diagnostic prevalence of substance use/mental health disorder comorbidity among a sample of homeless, substance-dependent MSM (DSM-IV verified; n = 131)...
August 12, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Todd Subritzky, Simon Lenton, Simone Pettigrew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Andrew Smirnov, Robert Kemp, James Ward, Suzanna Henderson, Sidney Williams, Abhilash Dev, Jake M Najman
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Despite over-representation of Indigenous Australians in sentinel studies of injecting drug use, little is known about relevant patterns of drug use and dependence. This study compares drug dependence and possible contributing factors in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians who inject drugs. DESIGN AND METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used in major cities and 'peer recruitment' in regional towns of Queensland to obtain a community sample of Indigenous (n = 282) and non-Indigenous (n = 267) injectors...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Leah E Daigle, Lee M Johnson, Sarah L Napper, Andia M Azimi
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Although alcohol use has been linked to sexual victimisation among college students , the specific ways in which college students may be able to avoid the negative consequences of excessive drinking as they relate to sexual victimisation have not been fully explored. This study examines whether using protective behavioural strategies attenuates the risk of sexual victimisation for both male and female college students and whether this relationship is moderated by alcohol use...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Carolyn A Day, Bethany White, Paul S Haber
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Needle and syringe automatic dispensing machines (ADM) aim to increase needle/syringe distribution to people who inject drugs. ADM implementation has been met with community concern about potential perceived increases in crime and drug use and that they will attract non-resident drug users-the 'honey-pot effect'. In April 2013, an ADM commenced operation in inner-city Sydney. We assessed the impact of the ADM on crime and examined its use by non-resident drug users (the honey-pot effect)...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Lauretta E Grau, Weihai Zhan, Robert Heimer
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Little is known about injection-associated risk behaviours, knowledge and seroprevalence of viral infections among people who inject drugs (PWID) in nonurban locales in the US. Harm reduction services are more available in urban locales. The present study examined a cohort of active PWID residing in non urban areas of Connecticut to investigate how primarily injecting in urban or non urban areas was associated with injection-associated risk behaviours, knowledge and prevalence of blood-borne viruses...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Willy Pedersen, Heith Copes, Sveinung Sandberg
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: In 'binge drinking' cultures, there is a strong association between alcohol consumption and violence. At the same time, several studies suggest that this link is cultural and contextual. We explore the role of alcohol in incidents of violence in nightlife settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used qualitative interviews with 104 Norwegians (52 men and 52 women, mean age 25 years) who binge drink and party in nightlife settings. RESULTS: Alcohol both sparks and constrains violence in these contexts...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Charles D H Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Robert Stirling, Carolyn Day
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Responding to possession of illicit substances on the premises of drug treatment services is a complex issue. Providers are challenged by balancing duty-of-care and staff safety while attempting to provide a therapeutic environment. This study assessed the current policy and practice of non-government drug treatment services in New South Wales, Australia in responding to possession of illicit substances on their premises. DESIGN AND METHODS: Non-government drug treatment services were invited to participate in a survey that aimed to elicit information about existing policy and practices and how often it occurred...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Dominique de Andrade, Ross Homel, Michael Townsley
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The lockout intervention has become embedded in Australian alcohol policy with little scientific evidence of its effectiveness in reducing violence and disorder. This paper reports an evaluation of the Queensland lockout pilot in Surfers Paradise. Patrons could not enter or re-enter licensed venues after 3 am, while patrons inside at this time could stay until close. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using police and ambulance data, time series analyses examined the impact of tourism seasons and the lockout on rates of crime, violence, injury and intoxication...
September 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
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