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20 Century British History

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982817/multiple-deprivation-the-inner-city-and-the-fracturing-of-the-welfare-state-glasgow-c-1968-78
#1
Aaron Andrews
From 1968, the central government established a series of area-based initiatives that operated on the basis of 'positive discrimination' towards the social needs of local residents. Over the course of the next 10 years, this area-based positive discrimination became an increasingly important part of social policy in Britain. This article uses Glasgow as a case study to show, first, how both the local and the central government attempted to define the problem of 'multiple deprivation' in the 1970s. Second, it shows how social studies were used to locate multiply deprived communities within urban areas, thereby feeding into the identification of the 'inner city' as a policy problem...
July 3, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939371/the-ben-pimlott-memorial-lecture-2017-the-geopolitical-is-personal-india-britain-and-american-foreign-correspondents-in-the-1930s-and-1940s
#2
Deborah Cohen
This lecture explores the shared terrain between the new international history and the history of emotions. In the summer and fall of 1942, American foreign correspondents played a key role in sparking a furore over British rule in India. Drawing on their own first-hand reporting from India, they depicted the British Empire as retrograde and abusive, a dangerous, destabilizing force and a threat to the post-war peace. Diagnosing what it called 'a new landslide of anti-British feeling', the British Ministry of Information spearheaded the formation of high-level, interdepartmental, secret committee charged with the task of figuring out how to reconcile Americans to the British Empire...
June 23, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939329/-modernization-of-our-hospital-system-the-national-health-service-the-hospital-plan-and-the-harness-programme-1962-77
#3
Alistair Fair
This article augments the literature on the British experience of planning by examining attempts to plan the hospital system between 1962 and 1977. The Hospital Plan for England and Wales of 1962 proposed the construction of a suite of new 'District General Hospitals'. Underpinning this proposal was a belief in the value of standardized designs and construction methods, both of which were subsequently investigated in detail by the Ministry of Health and the Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS). The history of this project reveals the challenges of putting centralized planning into practice...
June 23, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893937/community-business-in-scotland-an-alternative-vision-of-enterprise-culture-1979-97
#4
Gillian Murray
The force and coherency with which Margaret Thatcher and her inner circle outlined their vision for 'enterprise culture', like so many aspects of Thatcherism, have masked the complexity of its origins and the histories of alternative responses. This article provides a history of an alternative vision for enterprise culture by examining the community business movement in Scotland, the largest experiment of its kind in the UK in the 1980s and a forerunner of social enterprise. Working across Scotland, but with a hub of activity in the Strathclyde region, practitioners worked with local people to find ways to develop their neighbourhood economy while improving their environment, creating jobs, and developing services needed in their area...
June 9, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860425/aspiration-agency-and-the-production-of-new-selves-in-a-scottish-new-town-c-1947-c-2016
#5
Lynn Abrams, Barry Hazley, Valerie Wright, Ade Kearns
Narratives of deindustrialization, urban decline and failing public housing and the negative outcomes associated with these processes dominate accounts of post-war Scotland, bolstering the interpretation of Scottish exceptionalism in a British context. Within these accounts working people appear as victims of powerful and long-term external forces suffering sustained and ongoing deleterious vulnerabilities in terms of employment, health, and housing. This article challenges this picture by focusing on the first Scottish new town which made space for working people's aspiration and new models of the self manifested in new lifestyles and social relations...
May 30, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800337/exhibition-review-punk-s-40th-anniversary-an-itchy-sort-of-heritage
#6
Lucy Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800336/-free-and-equal-partners-in-your-commonwealth-the-atlantic-charter-and-anticolonial-delegations-to-london-1941-3
#7
Mark Reeves
This article examines the efforts of two anticolonial politicians from the British Empire who used official visits to London and the rhetoric of the Atlantic Charter (14 August 1941) to advance their political careers and self-government for their territories: Burma's U Saw in 1941, and Nigeria's Nnamdi Azikiwe in 1943. Rather than a repetition of the 'Wilsonian moment', these campaigns show how anticolonial forces long active across the Empire took advantage of the opening offered by the Atlantic Charter to make claims on the British government in its wartime weakness...
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800335/-cinderella-of-the-education-system-margaret-thatcher-s-plan-for-nursery-expansion-in-1970s-britain
#8
Anna K Danziger Halperin
The Department of Education and Science, led by then Secretary of State Margaret Thatcher, published a White Paper in December 1972 calling for a dramatic expansion of public nursery education, so that it might be available within a decade to all families with 3- and 4-year-old children who chose to utilize it. While this failed policy is seldom remembered today, and Thatcher's efforts to promote the care and education of young children are not considered part of her considerable legacy, the White Paper's policy propositions challenge understandings about the formation and consistency of both Britain's child care policy and 'Thatcherism'...
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800334/housing-the-citizen-consumer-in-post-war-britain-the-parker-morris-report-affluence-and-the-even-briefer-life-of-social-democracy
#9
Alistair Kefford
This article examines debates about the design and provision of post-war housing within the papers and report of the Parker Morris committee. It does so to show how the models of citizens' rights and expectations which underpinned post-war welfare provision were transformed by mass affluence and the dynamic sphere of commercial consumption. Parker Morris's deliberations demonstrate that, as early as the 1950s, the citizen-subject was reimagined as a consuming individual, with requirements based on their expressive needs and consuming desires, and that this had far-reaching consequences for social democratic systems of universal welfare provision...
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267984/dad-never-said-much-but%C3%A2-young-men-and-great-war-veterans-in-day-to-day-life-in-interwar-britain
#10
Joel Morley
This article explores whether, how, and what young men in interwar Britain heard about the Great War from its veterans. Oral histories are used to enable the first detailed examination of the hitherto largely unexplored topic of the intergenerational transmission of representations of the Great War in interwar Britain. It shows that although many veterans were reticent about their war experiences, young men heard about Great War experiences from veterans more frequently than has previously been acknowledged...
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036498/british-widows-of-the-south-african-war-and-the-origins-of-war-widows-pensions
#11
Eliza Riedi
The South African War of 1899-1902 cost the lives of 22,000 British and colonial soldiers and created almost 5,000 British war widows. It was in this context that the first state pensions for the widows of rank and file soldiers were introduced in 1901. Triggered by unexpectedly high casualty rates and widespread dissatisfaction with charitable provision, the introduction of state pensions also reflected changing public attitudes towards soldiers and their dependants in the context of an imperial war. Dismissed in the historiography as insignificant because of its low rates and restrictive eligibility clauses, the 1901 scheme in fact delivered pensions to the majority of war widows and made the Edwardian state their most important source of financial support...
June 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688553/pension-funds-and-the-politics-of-ownership-in-britain-c-1970-86
#12
Aled Davies
The growth of occupational pensions in the post-war era transformed the pattern of capital ownership in Britain, as workers' collective retirement savings purchased a substantial share of the national economy. This article examines the response of the Labour and Conservative parties to this significant material change, and considers how it shaped their respective politics of ownership at the end of the post-war settlement. It demonstrates that Labour and the trade union movement recognized occupational pension funds as a new form of social ownership but had to reconcile their desire to give pension scheme-members direct control over their investments with a broader belief that the funds needed be used for a state-coordinated revitalization of the industrial economy...
April 23, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672746/tcbh-duncan-tanner-essay-prize-winner-2017-the-progress-of-a-slogan-youth-culture-and-the-shaping-of-everyday-political-languages-in-late-1940s-britain
#13
David Cowan
In 1948, worried that young people would take full employment and the welfare state for granted, the Labour Party trialled a new slogan: 'Ask your Dad'. This slogan encouraged the young to learn about the hardships which their parents had experienced in the inter-war years, largely under Conservative governments. Using archived interviews and letters sent to the press, this article provides the first study of the popular reception of this slogan. Most people had not heard of this slogan, and most of those who had heard of the phrase showed no knowledge that it was associated with politics, turning instead to popular culture...
April 17, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618059/-co-operation-and-communism-cannot-work-side-by-side-organized-consumers-and-the-early-cold-war-in-britain
#14
Peter Gurney
This article contributes to a better understanding of labour anti-communism in Britain through an exploration of the evolution of ideas and attitudes within the co-operative movement during the early Cold War. It demonstrates that the period witnessed an increasingly rigid separation of co-operation from communism and argues that this separation made it harder for activists within the co-operative movement to imagine a total or utopian alternative to capitalism. Drawing particularly on a close reading of the co-operative press as well as other sources, the study is divided into three main parts...
April 2, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584901/the-conchie-corps-conflict-compromise-and-conscientious-objection-in-the-british-army-1940-1945
#15
Linsey Robb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481684/on-tour-with-the-prince-monarchy-imperial-politics-and-publicity-in-the-prince-of-wales-s-dominion-tours-1919-20
#16
Frank Mort
The stage managers of ritual and the media transformed the British monarchy in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century, consolidating its image as splendid and popular and also as more accessible and quasi-democratic. Historians have emphasized that these processes of modernization largely began in Britain. This article locates the origins of democratized royal ritual in the white dominions, especially after 1918. Canada, Australia and New Zealand were political and cultural laboratories where royal advisors and British and dominion politicians launched experiments in the practice of progressive empire and innovatory styles of informal ceremonial, which had a long-term impact on imperial and later Commonwealth relations...
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481683/international-institutions-and-domestic-reform-equal-pay-and-british-membership-in-the-european-economic-community
#17
Laura Levine Frader
Despite having been overlooked in the standard histories of the UK and the European Community, gender politics and gender policies played a significant role in Britain's applications for membership in the EEC in the 1960s. Joining the European Community required that Britain comply with Article 119 on equal pay for equal work. A combination of domestic feminist and labour movement activism, the commitment of unions and parties, and the internationalization of formal commitments to women's rights constituted internal and external pressures for the passage of an Equal Pay Act in 1970...
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481682/reflections-on-british-studies-in-a-broken-world-july-2017
#18
Sam Wetherell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481681/liberal-party-politics-the-south-african-war-and-the-rhetoric-of-imperial-governance
#19
Simon Mackley
This article examines the imperial rhetoric of the Liberal Party during the South African War of 1899-1902, charting its use and development across five key controversies spanning the course of the conflict. Moving beyond traditional interpretations of the Liberal split as the product of competing visions of Empire and approaches to imperialism, this article argues for the need to recognize also the continuities within the imperial rhetoric of fin-de-siècle British Liberalism. Building on recent studies of political languages, it identifies how Liberal speakers from across the party operated within a rhetorical framework that emphasized three ideals of imperial governance: good government, self-government, and pluralism...
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481680/landlordism-rent-regulation-and-the-labour-party-in-mid-twentieth-century-britain-1950-64
#20
Phil Child
This article examines the politics of private renting in 1950s and early 1960s Britain, through the radical approach taken by Labour Party towards private landlords. Through setting the radical aims of Labour in a mid-twentieth-century context of decrepit housing, rising rents and sluggish public housing programmes, Labour's rationale in arguing for the 'abolition' of the private landlord is more transparent. This article takes a chronological approach, investigating what actions Labour actors took, at local and national level, and what effect this had on the wider housing market...
March 1, 2018: 20 Century British History
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