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20 Century British History

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267984/dad-never-said-much-but%C3%A2-young-men-and-great-war-veterans-in-day-to-day-life-in-interwar-britain
#1
Joel Morley
This article explores whether, how, and what young men in interwar Britain heard about the Great War from its veterans. Oral histories are used to enable the first detailed examination of the hitherto largely unexplored topic of the intergenerational transmission of representations of the Great War in interwar Britain. It shows that although many veterans were reticent about their war experiences, young men heard about Great War experiences from veterans more frequently than has previously been acknowledged...
December 15, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244188/-the-lights-of-the-electric-octopus-have-been-switched-off-visual-and-political-culture-in-edwardian-london
#2
James Thompson
This article reconstructs the visual culture of politics in Edwardian London through a study of the 1907 London County Council election. It moves beyond the memorable account given in Graham Wallas's Human Nature in Politics to examine the actors, especially associations and newspapers, that participated in the election. Drawing upon newspapers, election addresses, cartoon, leaflets, and posters, the article argues that Edwardian London was a prime site in the application of new media for political communication...
December 13, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237077/commercial-heritage-as-democratic-action-historicizing-the-save-the-market-campaigns-in-bradford-and-chesterfield-1969-76
#3
Sarah Mass
This article argues that the traditional retail market-a ubiquitous commercial feature of British towns and cities-produced a particular strand of heritage politics in late 1960s and early 1970s Britain. In recovering the activists involved in two campaigns to 'save the market' from redevelopment-one unsuccessful campaign in Bradford and one successful campaign in Chesterfield-I make the case for thinking through local urban heritage movements in comparative terms, focusing on how place-based citizenship collided with a nascent, national 'anti-development' mood in the early 1970s...
December 8, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087504/corrigendum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077961/s%C3%A3-ance-sitters-ghost-hunters-spiritualists-and-theosophists-esoteric-belief-and-practice-in-the-british-parliamentary-labour-party-c1929-51
#5
Keith Gildart
This article explores esoteric identities and cultures in the British Parliamentary Labour Party c1929-51. The historiography of the Labour Party has tended to overemphasize the one-dimensional nature of ideological affiliation and identity amongst Labour Members of Parliament in this period along the lines of a rather simplistic left/right dichotomy. Moreover, some historians have suggested that after 1918 particular socialist traditions and currents had become marginalized or dissolved once the party had developed a clearly defined constitution and the experience of political power...
October 25, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186629/tutankhamen-egyptomania-and-temporal-enchantment-in-interwar-britain
#6
Allegra Fryxell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186628/the-complex-holiday-calendar-of-1902-responses-to-the-coronation-of-edward-vii-and-the-growth-of-edwardian-event-fatigue
#7
Ben Roberts
The coronation of Edward VII and events to mark the end of the South African War led to a series of public ceremonies and events in the United Kingdom that had a profound effect on attitudes linked to national occasions and public holidays. This article explores the circumstances surrounding the numerous local and national holidays of 1902. It considers the decision-making process linked to the declaration of a coronation double-bank holiday, which demonstrated the inadequacy of contemporary legislation. The public response to the postponement of the coronation, due to the king's contraction of appendicitis, led to a period of 'event fatigue' in response to further ceremonial events...
December 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186627/rethinking-folk-culture-in-twentieth-century-britain
#8
Laura Carter
Research on folk culture in twentieth-century Britain has focused on elite and transgressive political episodes, but these were not its mainstream manifestations. This article re-evaluates the place of folk culture in twentieth-century Britain in the context of museums. It argues that in the modern heritage landscape folk culture was in an active dialogue with the modern democracy. This story begins with the vexed, and ultimately failed, campaign for a national English folk museum and is traced through the concurrent successes of local, regional, and Celtic 'first wave' folk museums across Britain from the 1920s to the 1960s...
December 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186626/contested-spaces-london-and-the-1984-5-miners-strike
#9
Diarmaid Kelliher
The 1984-5 British miners' strike can be understood as a defence of place as well as jobs. Such a conception encourages us to foreground the local in accounts of the strike. However, I argue in this article that the local should not be understood in an excessively bounded way. By paying attention to relationships developed between London and the coalfields during the dispute, we can see how direct personal networks of solidarity were constructed between these very different places. This article discusses the spaces in which solidarity activity for miners in London took place...
December 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186625/lesbian-motherhood-and-the-artificial-insemination-by-donor-scandal-of-1978
#10
Rebecca Jennings
In January 1978, the London Evening News informed its readers of its shocking discovery that British lesbians were conceiving babies by artificial insemination by donor (AID). Assisted by a respected London gynaecologist, Dr David Sopher, the women were planning and raising children in the context of lesbian relationships, challenging conventional family models and the widespread presumption that lesbianism and motherhood were mutually exclusive identities. The debate which was sparked by the Evening News expose and taken up in Parliament, the national and local media and on the streets in the subsequent weeks, offers an insight into attitudes towards lesbian motherhood in the late 1970s...
December 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069506/-irish-roman-catholic-which-upsets-all-the-people-here-michael-mcdonnell-and-british-colonial-justice-in-mandatory-palestine-1927-1936
#11
Simon Davis
In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. McDonnell prevailed but only at the cost of being characterized lastingly as a pro-Arab, Catholic anti-Semite...
October 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036498/british-widows-of-the-south-african-war-and-the-origins-of-war-widows-pensions
#12
Eliza Riedi
The South African War of 1899-1902 cost the lives of 22,000 British and colonial soldiers and created almost 5,000 British war widows. It was in this context that the first state pensions for the widows of rank and file soldiers were introduced in 1901. Triggered by unexpectedly high casualty rates and widespread dissatisfaction with charitable provision, the introduction of state pensions also reflected changing public attitudes towards soldiers and their dependants in the context of an imperial war. Dismissed in the historiography as insignificant because of its low rates and restrictive eligibility clauses, the 1901 scheme in fact delivered pensions to the majority of war widows and made the Edwardian state their most important source of financial support...
September 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036716/reconsidering-set-the-people-free-neoliberalism-and-freedom-rhetoric-in-churchill-s-conservative-party
#13
James Freeman
It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric...
September 18, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922820/justifying-british-advertising-in-war-and-austerity-1939-51
#14
Philippa Haughton
Drawing together institutional papers, the trade- and national-press, and Mass-Observation documents, this article examines the changing ways that the Advertising Association justified commercial advertising from 1939 to 1951. It argues that the ability to repeatedly re-conceptualize the social and economic purposes of advertising was central to the industry's survival and revival during the years of war and austerity. This matters because the survival and revival of commercial advertising helps to explain the composition of the post-war mixed economy and the emergence of a consumer culture that became the 'golden age' of capitalism...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922819/archive-review-the-black-cultural-archives-brixton
#15
Hannah J M Ishmael, Rob Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922818/-if-i-ever-have-to-go-to-prison-i-hope-it-s-a-russian-prison-british-labour-social-democracy-and-soviet-communism-1919-25
#16
Max Hodgson
Through the inter-war period, the USSR became an example of 'socialism in action' that the British labour movement could both look towards and define itself against. British visitors both criticized and acclaimed aspects of the new Soviet state between 1919 and 1925, but a consistently exceptional finding was the Soviet prison. Analysing the visits and reports of British guests to Soviet prisons, the aims of this article are threefold. Using new material from the Russian archives, it demonstrates the development of an intense admiration for, and often a desire to replicate, the Soviet penal system on the part of Labour members, future Communists, and even Liberals who visited Soviet Russia...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#17
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922816/-people-love-player-s-cigarette-advertising-and-the-teenage-consumer-in-post-war-britain
#18
Daniel O'Neill
This article explores the background, creation and reception of a prominent cigarette advertising campaign from the early 1960s. The advertisements featured young couples falling in love as they shared Player's Medium cigarettes together. As such, the advertisements reflected the central place of the teenager within post-war British consumer culture. The campaign was built upon the insights of market research, particularly that carried out by Mark Abrams and his research organization Research Services Limited...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922815/duncan-tanner-essay-prize-2016-historical-pageants-citizenship-and-the-performance-of-women-s-history-before-second-wave-feminism
#19
Zoë Thomas
This article argues that the early twentieth-century craze for historical pageants provided an opportunity for women's groups to bring a nascent, accessible form of women's history into the lives of local communities across Britain. Mainstream historical pageants were organized across the country, depicting selected episodes from the past usually relating to the local area. However, more than 200 inter-war pageants staged by women's organizations, church groups, and a number of university colleges have not yet been studied...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922814/the-consul-and-the-beatnik-the-establishment-youth-culture-and-the-beginnings-of-the-hippy-trail-1966-8
#20
Sharif Gemie, Brian Ireland
This paper analyses the attitudes expressed by consular and embassy officials to a new type of traveller they encountered in the mid-1960s. Their observations are contextualised within wider debates concerning 'youth' in the late 1950s and 1960s. Officials distinguished sharply between 'overlanders' (who could be tolerated or accommodated) and 'beatniks' whose behaviour was characterized as illegal and/or unacceptable. Smoking cannabis was identified as a key marker of beatnik behaviour. Officials' observations are contrasted with four accounts by new travellers from the period...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
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