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20 Century British History

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922820/justifying-british-advertising-in-war-and-austerity-1939-51
#1
Philippa Haughton
Drawing together institutional papers, the trade- and national-press, and Mass-Observation documents, this article examines the changing ways that the Advertising Association justified commercial advertising from 1939 to 1951. It argues that the ability to repeatedly re-conceptualize the social and economic purposes of advertising was central to the industry's survival and revival during the years of war and austerity. This matters because the survival and revival of commercial advertising helps to explain the composition of the post-war mixed economy and the emergence of a consumer culture that became the 'golden age' of capitalism...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922819/archive-review-the-black-cultural-archives-brixton
#2
Hannah J M Ishmael, Rob Waters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922818/-if-i-ever-have-to-go-to-prison-i-hope-it-s-a-russian-prison-british-labour-social-democracy-and-soviet-communism-1919-25
#3
Max Hodgson
Through the inter-war period, the USSR became an example of 'socialism in action' that the British labour movement could both look towards and define itself against. British visitors both criticized and acclaimed aspects of the new Soviet state between 1919 and 1925, but a consistently exceptional finding was the Soviet prison. Analysing the visits and reports of British guests to Soviet prisons, the aims of this article are threefold. Using new material from the Russian archives, it demonstrates the development of an intense admiration for, and often a desire to replicate, the Soviet penal system on the part of Labour members, future Communists, and even Liberals who visited Soviet Russia...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#4
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922816/-people-love-player-s-cigarette-advertising-and-the-teenage-consumer-in-post-war-britain
#5
Daniel O'Neill
This article explores the background, creation and reception of a prominent cigarette advertising campaign from the early 1960s. The advertisements featured young couples falling in love as they shared Player's Medium cigarettes together. As such, the advertisements reflected the central place of the teenager within post-war British consumer culture. The campaign was built upon the insights of market research, particularly that carried out by Mark Abrams and his research organization Research Services Limited...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922815/duncan-tanner-essay-prize-2016-historical-pageants-citizenship-and-the-performance-of-women-s-history-before-second-wave-feminism
#6
Zoƫ Thomas
This article argues that the early twentieth-century craze for historical pageants provided an opportunity for women's groups to bring a nascent, accessible form of women's history into the lives of local communities across Britain. Mainstream historical pageants were organized across the country, depicting selected episodes from the past usually relating to the local area. However, more than 200 inter-war pageants staged by women's organizations, church groups, and a number of university colleges have not yet been studied...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922814/the-consul-and-the-beatnik-the-establishment-youth-culture-and-the-beginnings-of-the-hippy-trail-1966-8
#7
Sharif Gemie, Brian Ireland
This paper analyses the attitudes expressed by consular and embassy officials to a new type of traveller they encountered in the mid-1960s. Their observations are contextualised within wider debates concerning 'youth' in the late 1950s and 1960s. Officials distinguished sharply between 'overlanders' (who could be tolerated or accommodated) and 'beatniks' whose behaviour was characterized as illegal and/or unacceptable. Smoking cannabis was identified as a key marker of beatnik behaviour. Officials' observations are contrasted with four accounts by new travellers from the period...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922829/the-threshold-of-the-state-civil-defence-the-blackout-and-the-home-in-second-world-war-britain
#8
James Greenhalgh
This article reconsiders the way that the British state extended its control of the home during the Second World War, using the implementation of air raid precautions and the blackout as a lens through which to view the state's developing attitudes to domestic space. Presented here is not the familiar story of pitch-dark, dangerous streets or altered cityscapes of fear and destruction; instead, by examining personal testimony the article inverts traditional treatments of the blackout to look at the interior of dwellings, demonstrating how the realities of total warfare impinged upon the psychological elements that constituted the home...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922828/telling-stories-about-post-war-britain-popular-individualism-and-the-crisis-of-the-1970s
#9
Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite, Natalie Thomlinson
This article argues that, by the 1970s, people in Britain were increasingly insistent about defining and claiming their individual rights, identities and perspectives. Using individual narratives and testimonies, we show that many were expressing desires for greater personal autonomy and self-determination. We suggest that this was an important trend across the post-war decades, and of particular importance to understanding the 1970s. This popular individualism was not the result of Thatcher; if anything, it was a cause of Thatcherism...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922827/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922826/the-burnley-dog-war-the-politics-of-dog-walking-and-the-battle-over-public-parks-in-post-industrial-britain
#11
Neil Pemberton
This article investigates controversies surrounding dog walking and dog fouling in 1970s and early 1980s Britain, focusing on the microhistory of a series of events in a Lancashire mill town that became known as the 'Burnley Dog War.' A ban on dog walkers from Burnley's main public parks triggered a highly publicised seven-year struggle over access. On one level, the park ban served as a rallying cry for dog lovers across Britain, widening the dividing line between dog owners and dog haters. On another level, it constituted a struggle between antagonists over questions of belonging and exclusion in a town devastated by large-scale deindustrialisation...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#12
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922824/in-quest-of-the-antique-the-bazaar-exchange-and-mart-and-the-democratization-of-collecting-1926-42
#13
Heidi Egginton
The popularization of antique collecting is typically located in the second half of the twentieth century, with the rise of 'retrochic' and the emergence of new markets and online trading websites for anonymously exchanging second-hand goods. Close study of the printed literature connected with the inter-war second-hand trade, however, challenges conventional chronologies in the history of consumer culture, and can provide a new perspective on the role of collecting in British social and cultural life. This article examines the period, after the late 1920s, during which The Bazaar, Exchange and Mart reinvented itself as a forum for antique and decorative art enthusiasts...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922799/restoring-victory-naval-heritage-identity-and-memory-in-interwar-britain
#14
Don Leggett
In the decade following 1918, HMS Victory was restored as a memorial to the nation, empire, the Navy, and all the sailors who had lost their lives in the Great War. This piece of Britain's naval heritage became a focal point for Great War memory and a resource for narrating the Navy's place in post-war Britain. This article analyses the restoration campaign, focusing on its appeal work and the materials it produced, discourses surrounding the restoration and the use of Victory's oak to recover this ship's importance at the intersection between Britain and its Navy in the aftermath of the Great War, and the function that the Navy played in the construction of post-war memory and identity...
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922798/picturing-race-in-the-british-national-health-service-1948-1988
#15
Roberta Bivins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922797/kidnapping-and-a-confirmed-sodomite-an-intimate-enemy-on-the-northwest-frontier-of-india-1915-1925
#16
Kate Imy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922796/space-emotions-and-the-everyday-the-affective-ecology-of-1980s-london
#17
Stephen Brooke
This article explores the relationship between emotions, space and politics in 1980s London, using the Greater London Council, childcare, and racial harassment as particular foci. It brings together political history, the history of emotions, and geography to offer a new way of thinking about political culture, as well as contributing to the history of the 1980s. It is based upon archival sources.
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922795/a-lady-in-proper-proportions-feminism-lytton-strachey-and-florence-nightingale-s-reputation-1918-39
#18
James Southern
Lytton Strachey's Eminent Victorians has long been regarded as a watershed in attitudes to Victorian culture, widely seen as having instigated a revolutionary backlash against the values and heroes of the Victorian era in England. Its impact, however, on the reputations of his four subjects-Thomas Arnold, General Gordon, Cardinal Manning and Florence Nightingale-has been subjected to surprisingly little scholarly attention. Drawing on the work of gender historians, this article reassesses Strachey's effect on the reputation of Nightingale, using biographies and contemporary reviews of Eminent Victorians...
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775518/the-disasters-emergency-committee-dec-and-the-humanitarian-industry-in-britain-1963-85
#19
Andrew Jones
This article explores the history of modern British humanitarianism. Specifically, it charts the rise of an extensive humanitarian aid 'industry' in Britain, between 1963 and 1985. It does so through a focus on the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC), an umbrella body for joint emergency fundraising established in 1963. The DEC is an enduring and important presence in the British humanitarian landscape, as it brings together leading aid agencies to make fundraising campaigns on television after major disasters...
2015: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26775517/trouble-at-the-national-trust-post-war-recreation-the-benson-report-and-the-rebuilding-of-a-conservation-organization-in-the-1960s
#20
Sean Nixon
The growth of conservation organizations like the National Trust for England, Wales and Northern Ireland (NT), the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the county wildlife trusts was one of the more striking features of post-war social change. With their roots in late Victorian and Edwardian ideas of preservation and conservation, the membership of these organizations expanded sharply from the 1960s. The success of these groups, however, also brought its own problems. In particular the practical issues associated with their growth forced them to ask what kind of organizations they were and what kind of organizations they might become...
2015: 20 Century British History
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