journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal on Drug Policy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641975/engendering-drug-problems-materialising-gender-in-the-dudit-and-other-screening-and-diagnostic-apparatuses
#1
Robyn Dwyer, Suzanne Fraser
It is widely accepted that alcohol and other drug consumption is profoundly gendered. Just where this gendering is occurring, however, remains the subject of debate. We contend that one important and overlooked site where the gendering of substance consumption and addiction is taking place is through AOD research itself: in particular, through the addiction screening and diagnostic tools designed to measure and track substance consumption and problems within populations. These tools establish key criteria and set numerical threshold scores for the identification of problems...
June 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633998/changes-in-risk-behaviours-during-and-following-treatment-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-people-who-inject-drugs-the-activate-study
#2
Håvard Midgard, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Evan B Cunningham, Brian Conway, Markus Backmund, Philip Bruggmann, Julie Bruneau, Stefan Bourgeois, Adrian Dunlop, Graham R Foster, Margaret Hellard, Geert Robaeys, Maria C Thurnheer, Martin Weltman, Janaki Amin, Philippa S Marks, Sophie Quiene, Gregory J Dore, Olav Dalgard, Jason Grebely
BACKGROUND: The risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) reinfection due to continued injecting risk behaviours might remain a barrier to HCV treatment among people who inject drugs. We aimed to evaluate changes in risk behaviours during and following HCV treatment among people with ongoing injecting drug use or receiving opioid substitution treatment (OST). METHODS: ACTIVATE was an international multicentre clinical trial conducted between 2012 and 2014. Participants with HCV genotypes 2/3 infection were treated with peg-interferon/ribavirin for 12 or 24 weeks and completed a self-administered behavioural questionnaire at each study visit...
June 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628897/diverted-medications-and-new-psychoactive-substances-a-chemical-network-analysis-of-discarded-injecting-paraphernalia-in-hungary
#3
Valéria Anna Gyarmathy, Anna Péterfi, Tamás Figeczki, József Kiss, Katalin Medgyesi-Frank, János Posta, József Csorba
BACKGROUND: Until about 2010, people who inject drugs (PWIDs) injected almost exclusively heroin and amphetamines in Hungary. After 2010, self-reported studies have indicated a dominance of new psychoactive substances on the drug market for injectable drugs. METHODS: Between March 2015 and February 2016, we collected used and discarded injecting paraphernalia. We utilized chemical analysis to assess and UCINet to visualize the connections between the most prevalent main substances and their respective co-occurring additional components at 7 locations in Hungary...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628854/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hcv-among-a-cohort-of-opioid-treatment-patients-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#4
Barrot H Lambdin, Jennifer Lorvick, Jessie K Mbwambo, John Rwegasha, Saria Hassan, Paula Lum, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The government of Tanzania launched an opioid treatment program (OTP), using methadone, in Dar es Salaam in February of 2011. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, especially among people who inject drugs (PWID). We conducted a cross-sectional study among PWID engaged in OTP in Dar es Salaam to describe the prevalence and predictors of HCV antibody serostatus. METHODS: Routine programmatic data on patients enrolled in Muhimbili National Hospital's OTP clinic from February 2011 to January 2013 were utilized...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628853/willingness-to-pay-for-opioid-agonist-treatment-among-opioid-dependent-people-who-inject-drugs-in-ukraine
#5
Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Ruthanne Marcus, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Sergii Filippovich, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: In the context of decreasing external and limited Ukrainian governmental funding for opioid agonist treatments (OAT) for opioid dependent people who inject drugs in Ukraine, information on sustainable financial models is needed. METHODS: Data on 855 opioid dependent people who inject drugs (PWID) were drawn from a cross-sectional nationwide survey of 1613 PWID. They comprised 434 participants who were receiving OAT and 421 who were on OAT in the past or have never been on OAT and were interested in receiving the treatment...
June 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624134/efficacy-of-response-guided-directly-observed-pegylated-interferon-and-self-administered-ribavirin-for-people-who-inject-drugs-with-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-2-3-infection-the-activate-study
#6
Jason Grebely, Olav Dalgard, Evan B Cunningham, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Graham R Foster, Philip Bruggmann, Brian Conway, Markus Backmund, Geert Robaeys, Tracy Swan, Janaki Amin, Philippa S Marks, Sophie Quiene, Tanya L Applegate, Martin Weltman, David Shaw, Adrian Dunlop, Margaret Hellard, Julie Bruneau, Håvard Midgard, Stefan Bourgeois, Cornelia Staehelin, Gregory J Dore
BACKGROUND: There are few data on treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among people with ongoing injecting drug use. This study evaluated the efficacy of response-guided therapy for chronic HCV genotypes 2/3 infection among people with ongoing injecting drug use or receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST). A secondary aim was to identify predictors of HCV treatment response. METHODS: ACTIVATE was a multicentre clinical trial recruited between 2012 and 2014...
June 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619395/the-new-front-in-the-war-on-doping-amateur-athletes
#7
April D Henning, Paul Dimeo
The war on drugs is usually associated with criminal policies aimed at stemming consumption of drugs such as heroin, cocaine, and cannabis, less so with enhancement drugs like those used in sport. As drug use in sport, or doping, has become more visibly widespread, policies aimed at combating the issue have become more restrictive, intrusive, and harsh. In this article we draw new comparisons between the wider war on drugs and recent developments in sports anti-doping. We identify a growing trend towards criminalisation of traffickers and users, and associate that with another growing trend: the testing of amateur athletes...
June 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619394/understanding-real-world-adherence-in-the-directly-acting-antiviral-era-a-prospective-evaluation-of-adherence-among-people-with-a-history-of-drug-use-at-a-community-based-program-in-toronto-canada
#8
Kate Mason, Zoë Dodd, Mary Guyton, Paula Tookey, Bernadette Lettner, John Matelski, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Jason Altenberg, Jeff Powis
BACKGROUND: Direct acting antiviral (DAA) treatments for Hepatitis C (HCV) are now widely available with sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of >90%. A major predictor of response to DAAs is adherence, yet few real-world studies evaluating adherence among marginalized people who use drugs and/or alcohol exist. This study evaluates patterns and factors associated with non-adherence among marginalized people with a history of drug use who were receiving care through a primary care, community-based HCV treatment program where opiate substitution is not offered on-site...
June 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618283/vocational-education-paths-youth-activities-and-underage-drinking-in-russia-how-early-does-the-trouble-start
#9
Viktor Lushin, James Jaccard, Valeria Ivaniushina, Daniel Alexandrov
Working-class educational paths tend to be associated with elevated drinking. Little research has examined whether disproportionate alcohol use among vocationally oriented youth begins before or after the start of their vocational education. The present study analyzes a large sample of Russian middle-school students (N=1269; mean age=14.9), comparing the patterns of drinking among middle-schoolers oriented towards vocational educational, and their peers who do not plan a vocational education path. Results suggest that the orientation towards vocational education is associated with disproportionately high alcohol involvement among Russian middle-school students, even before they enter vocational schools...
June 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609749/fatal-and-non-fatal-opioid-overdose-in-opioid-dependent-patients-treated-with-methadone-buprenorphine-or-implant-naltrexone
#10
Erin Kelty, Gary Hulse
BACKGROUND: Illicit opioid use is associated with high rates of fatal and non-fatal opioid overdose. This study aims to compare rates of fatal and serious but non-fatal opioid overdose in opioid dependent patients treated with methadone, buprenorphine or implant naltrexone, and to identify risk factors for fatal opioid overdose. METHODS: Opioid dependent patients treated with methadone (n=3515), buprenorphine (n=3250) or implant naltrexone (n=1461) in Western Australia for the first time between 2001 and 2010, were matched against state mortality and hospital data...
June 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609748/neighborhood-characteristics-and-prescription-drug-misuse-among-adolescents-the-importance-of-social-disorganization-and-social-capital
#11
Jason A Ford, Sarah Ann Sacra, Alexis Yohros
BACKGROUND: Prior research on prescription drug misuse has focused on identifying individual risk factors. While a few studies examine differences in misuse based on geographic residence, there is a lack of research that examines the relevance of neighbourhood characteristics. METHODS: The current research used data from the 2000 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, a sample of respondents that was generalizable to the non-institutionalised population of the United States...
June 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606392/hiv-and-hepatitis-c-treatment-uptake-among-people-who-use-drugs-participating-in-the-amsterdam-cohort-studies-1985-2015
#12
Daniëla K van Santen, Jannie J van der Helm, Karen Lindenburg, Maarten Schim van der Loeff, Maria Prins
BACKGROUND: HIV-positive people who use drugs (PWUD) start antiretroviral therapy (ART) later than other risk groups, and among HCV-positive PWUD, HCV treatment uptake is low. Nowadays, HCV direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are available and reimbursed in the Netherlands (since 2014). The Amsterdam Cohort Studies (ACS), initiated in 1985, provides us the opportunity to describe temporal trends in ART and HCV-treatment uptake among PWUD through 2015. METHODS: We analyzed data from PWUD participating in the ACS between 1985 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606391/tensions-in-relation-how-peer-support-is-experienced-and-received-in-a-hepatitis-c-treatment-intervention
#13
Oliver Bonnington, Magdalena Harris
BACKGROUND: Peer support and involvement is recognised as a vital component of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment provision for marginalised populations, such as people who inject drugs (PWID). Developments in HCV treatments enable increased provision in community settings - expanding the possibilities for meaningful peer involvement in HCV treatment plans. To date, HCV peer support has generally been viewed as a positive intervention, with little critical reflection on the ways social structures, policies, health and drug services and social identity impact on how peer support is experienced and received...
June 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601512/epidemiology-of-fentanyl-involved-drug-overdose-deaths-a-geospatial-retrospective-study-in-rhode-island-usa
#14
Brandon D L Marshall, Maxwell S Krieger, Jesse L Yedinak, Patricia Ogera, Priya Banerjee, Nicole E Alexander-Scott, Josiah D Rich, Traci C Green
BACKGROUND: We conducted an epidemiological investigation of fentanyl and non-fentanyl overdose deaths in Rhode Island to inform overdose prevention efforts. METHODS: All drug overdose deaths occurring in Rhode Island between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2016 were included. Overdose circumstances and decedent characteristics were ascertained from medical examiner files. Toxicological reports provided quantification of fentanyl and metabolites. ArcGIS was used to map exact overdose locations...
June 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601020/health-damaging-policing-practices-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-mexico-are-deported-migrants-at-greater-risk
#15
Miguel Pinedo, Leo Beletsky, Nathan Alamillo, Victoria D Ojeda
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based public health and criminal justice policies aimed at addressing the structurally vulnerable population of persons who inject drugs (PWID) and who are involved in the immigrant enforcement and deportation system are lacking. Policing practices are critical structural determinants of HIV among PWID. PWID in Mexico who have been deported from the US are at elevated risk of HIV. METHODS: From 2011 to 2013, 733 PWID were recruited to complete structured questionnaires, including past 6-month experiences with police...
June 7, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587944/short-term-injection-drug-use-changes-following-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-assessment-and-treatment-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-with-acute-hcv-infection
#16
Andreea Adelina Artenie, Geng Zang, Mark Daniel, Emmanuel Fortier, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Svetlana Puzhko, Julie Bruneau
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether treatment and care for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can help people who inject drugs (PWID) modify their injection drug use behaviours. This study examined changes in injection drug use among PWID with acute HCV systematically referred for HCV clinical assessment and treatment and offered targeted health care services, over the course of one year. METHODS: The study sample included PWID with documented acute HCV infection recruited and followed-up semi-annually at least twice in IMPACT (2007-2015), a longitudinal community-based prospective study in Montréal, Canada...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587943/delivering-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-to-highly-marginalised-and-current-drug-injecting-populations-in-a-targeted-primary-health-care-setting
#17
Phillip Read, Rebecca Lothian, Karen Chronister, Rosie Gilliver, John Kearley, Gregory J Dore, Ingrid van Beek
BACKGROUND: The Kirketon Road Centre (KRC) is a community-based public health facility in Sydney, Australia, that provides healthcare to people who inject drugs (PWID) care, including hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment. From March 2016, the Australian Government has provided access to direct-acting antivirals (DAA) for adults with chronic HCV, without liver disease stage or drug and alcohol use restrictions. The aim of this study was to report DAA treatment outcomes among highly marginalised PWID treated at KRC...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586701/the-extent-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-overdose-and-self-reported-receipt-of-naloxone-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#18
Charlotte O'Halloran, Katelyn Cullen, Jaquelyn Njoroge, Lucy Jessop, Josie Smith, Vivian Hope, Fortune Ncube
BACKGROUND: Overdose is a major cause of death among PWID, and for opioid overdoses naloxone administration can reduce harm. However, globally there is limited national level data on the extent of non-fatal overdose and naloxone uptake. The first national level data on the extent of self-reported overdose and self-reported receipt of naloxone among UK PWID, providing a baseline to monitor the impact of the recent policy change regarding naloxone availability, is presented. METHODS: Data on self-reported overdose and receipt of naloxone during the preceding year for 2013-2014 from a national survey of PWID was analysed...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586700/injection-into-the-jugular-vein-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-united-kingdom-prevalence-associated-factors-and-harms
#19
Vivian D Hope, Jenny Iversen, Katelyn J Cullen, John V Parry, Lisa Maher, Fortune Nucbe
BACKGROUND: While people who inject drugs (PWID) typically use peripheral veins, some inject into their central veins, including the femoral and jugular veins. Injection into the jugular vein can have serious adverse health consequences, including jugular vein thrombosis, deep neck infections, pneumothorax, endocarditis and sepsis. This study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with, jugular vein injection among a large sample of PWID in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Unlinked anonymous surveys (2011-14) recruited PWID from agencies providing services to this population...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582668/the-utility-of-drug-checking-services-as-monitoring-tools-and-more-a-response-to-pirona-et-al
#20
Claudio Vidal Giné, Mireia Ventura Vilamala, Fiona Measham, Tibor M Brunt, Alexander Bücheli, Carlos Paulos, Helena Valente, Daniel Martins, Bérénice Libois, Karsten Tögel-Lins, Guy Jones, Alexandra Karden, Monica J Barratt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
journal
journal
30565
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"