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International Journal on Drug Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927831/-beyond-the-willing-the-waiting-the-role-of-peer-based-approaches-in-hepatitis-c-diagnosis-treatment
#1
Charles Henderson, Annie Madden, Jenny Kelsall
This commentary seeks to examine the role, value and importance of peer-based programmatic approaches for ensuring the effective roll-out of the new hepatitis C (HCV) treatments among those most affected - that is, people who inject drugs (PWID). The authors examine recent approaches to HCV treatment in Australia including the provision of universal access to the new DAA regimens regardless of acquisition, genotype or severity of disease. These approaches are contextualised within wider global strategies to support HCV elimination as a public health threat by 2030 (WHO, 2016)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918193/psychedelic-pleasures-an-affective-understanding-of-the-joys-of-tripping
#2
Frederik Bøhling
BACKGROUND: This paper considers the pleasures of psychedelic drugs and proposes a Deleuzian understanding of drugged pleasures as affects. In spite of a large body of work on psychedelics, not least on their therapeutic potentials, the literature is almost completely devoid of discussions of the recreational practices and pleasures of entheogenic drugs. Yet, most people do not use psychedelics because of their curative powers, but because they are fun and enjoyable ways to alter the experience of reality...
September 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910608/strengthening-advocacy-efforts-with-empirical-evidence-a-case-example-of-the-conduct-uptake-and-utilisation-of-research-in-drug-policy-decision-making-in-vietnam
#3
Thu Vuong, Alison Ritter, Nhu Nguyen, Robert Ali
During the last decade, international aid agencies and advocates have been working with Southeast Asian governments to move away from punitive responses towards people who use drugs to more public health, humane approaches. The lack of local scientific evidence about the effectiveness of different treatment approaches has made this advocacy work more challenging. This paper reflects on a generation of treatment research evidence and how it can assist advocacy efforts. The case example is the cost-effectiveness research, comparing centre-based compulsory treatment with community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam (2012-2015)...
September 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899624/desiring-assemblages-a-case-for-desire-over-pleasure-in-critical-drug-studies
#4
Peta Malins
While critical drug researchers have long pushed for an acknowledgement of pleasure in discourses of drug use, few have explored the alternative possibilities offered by Deleuze and Guattari's concept of desire. In this paper I map out some of the conceptual differences between pleasure and desire and explore the opportunities opened up by attending more closely to desire in critical drug studies. I suggest that while discourses of pleasure do make an important intervention into and against dominant narratives of risk, harm, and addiction, they may inadvertently be working to keep in place the very binaries and forms of neoliberal western subjectivity that support those narratives...
September 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893455/-enjoying-the-kick-locating-pleasure-within-the-drug-consumption-room
#5
Tristan Duncan, Cameron Duff, Bernadette Sebar, Jessica Lee
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction policy and praxis has long struggled to accommodate the pleasures of alcohol and other drug use. Whilst scholars have consistently highlighted this struggle, how pleasure might come to practically inform the design and delivery of harm reduction policies and programs remains less clear. The present paper seeks to move beyond conceptual critiques of harm reduction's 'pleasure oversight' to more focused empirical analysis of how flows of pleasure emerge, circulate and, importantly, may be reoriented in the course of harm reduction practice...
September 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888099/polydrug-use-and-its-association-with-drug-treatment-outcomes-among-primary-heroin-methamphetamine-and-cocaine-users
#6
Linwei Wang, Jeong Eun Min, Emanuel Krebs, Elizabeth Evans, David Huang, Lei Liu, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
BACKGROUND: Polydrug use may challenge effective treatment for substance use disorders. We evaluate whether secondary substance use modifies the association between treatment and primary drug use among primary heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine (MA) users. METHODS: Data were obtained from prospective cohort studies on people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) in California, USA. Using repeated monthly data on self-reported secondary substance use (heroin, cocaine, MA, alcohol or marijuana; ≥1day in a month), primary drug use (≥1day in a month), and treatment participation, collected via timeline follow-back, we fitted generalized linear mixed multiple regression models controlling for potential confounders to examine the interactions between treatment and secondary substance use on the odds of primary heroin, cocaine and MA use, respectively...
September 6, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886888/thinking-with-pleasure-experimenting-with-drugs-and-drug-research
#7
Kane Race
Within the field of drug and alcohol studies, researchers think about pleasure or against it; we analyse, consider, investigate, invoke or ignore it. The philosophically inclined may think of pleasure or write on it, but in each of these scenarios pleasure is kept at an arm's length while the researcher appears to remain unmoved - detached observers, objective scientists, conceptual experts, program directors, sharp critics, policy advocates - sober judges whose sovereignty is secured by the formal conventions of positivist research, established theory, institutional authority and/or disciplinary knowledge...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886887/making-medicine-producing-pleasure-a-critical-examination-of-medicinal-cannabis-policy-and-law-in-victoria-australia
#8
Kari Lancaster, Kate Seear, Alison Ritter
Several jurisdictions around the world have introduced policies and laws allowing for the legal use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes. However, there has been little critical discussion of how the object of 'medicinal cannabis' is enacted in policy and practice. Informed by Carol Bacchi's poststructuralist approach to policy analysis and the work of science and technology studies scholars, this paper seeks to problematise the object of 'medicinal cannabis' and examine how it is constituted through governing practices...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886562/support-of-supervised-injection-facilities-by-emergency-physicians-in-canada
#9
Noam Katz, Lynne Leonard, Lorne Wiesenfeld, Jeffrey J Perry, Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy, Lisa Calder
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the implementation of supervised injection facilities (SIFs) by multiple stakeholders, no evaluation of emergency physicians' attitudes has ever been documented towards such facilities in Canada or internationally. The primary goal of our study was to determine the opinions and perceptions of emergency physicians regarding the implementation of SIFs in Canada. METHODS: We conducted a national electronic survey of staff and resident emergency physicians in Canada using an iteratively designed survey tool in consultation with content experts...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882399/risky-pleasures-and-drugged-assemblages-young-people-s-consumption-practices-of-aod-in-madrid
#10
Montserrat Cañedo, Enrique Moral
BACKGROUND: Drawing on a research project that we carried out on the functionality of "excessive" consumption practices in the lifestyles of young people in Madrid, this article aims to understand how (dis)pleasurable states emerge during young people's consumption of alcohol and other drugs. METHODS: This article claims that these states derive from "drugged assemblages," that is, a set of (human and non-human) actants that intra-act to produce different effects...
September 4, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873358/-slamming-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-accessing-general-drug-services-in-response-to-schmidt-aj-et-al-2016-illicit-drug-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-44-cities-findings-from-the-european-msm-internet-survey-emis
#11
Rachel Glass, Vivian D Hope, Claire Tanner, Monica Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870500/home-closure-as-a-weapon-in-the-dutch-war-on-drugs-does-judicial-review-function-as-a-safety-net
#12
L Michelle Bruijn, Michel Vols, Jan G Brouwer
BACKGROUND: A widespread sense of a failing criminal justice system and increased feelings of insecurity changed the response to crime into a culture of control, which is characterized by policies that punish and exclude. In the Netherlands, these influences can be witnessed in the war on drugs where local authorities use their administrative power to close homes involved in drug-related crime. Citizens can invoke judicial review over these administrative interferences by claiming that such closure results in an unfair balance between purposes, means and consequences...
September 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870499/the-pleasures-of-drunken-one-night-stands-assemblage-theory-and-narrative-environments
#13
Willy Pedersen, Sébastien Tutenges, Sveinung Sandberg
BACKGROUND: In this study, we use assemblage theory to investigate the link between alcohol use and one-night stands. METHODS: The data come from qualitative interviews conducted with 104 young participants in the night-time economy. RESULTS: We show that: (i) alcohol-fuelled sexual explorations (e.g. erotic fantasizing, flirting and sex) are of paramount importance for young partygoers; (ii) sexualized territories (e.g. private parties, rural feasts and the backseat of cars) significantly shape the experience and performance of one-night stands; and (iii) contrary to previous research, one-night stands are to a large degree associated with pleasure-the immediate pleasure of having sex and the long-term pleasure of telling about it to others...
September 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869878/from-ecstasy-to-mdma-recreational-drug-use-symbolic-boundaries-and-drug-trends
#14
Marit Edland-Gryt, Sveinung Sandberg, Willy Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Ecstasy pills with MDMA as the main ingredient were introduced in many European countries in the 1980s, and were often linked to the rave and club scenes. However, use gradually levelled off, in part as a response to increased concerns about possible mental health consequences and fatalities. Extensive use of MDMA now seems to be re-emerging in many countries. In this study, we investigated the cultural and social meaning associated with MDMA use in Oslo, Norway, with an emphasis on how users distinguish MDMA crystals and powder from "old ecstasy pills"...
September 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864039/conceiving-of-addicted-pleasures-a-modern-paradox
#15
Fay Dennis
Drawing on research with people who inject drugs in London, UK, this article will explore how participants conceived of pleasure, and try to understand some of the tensions that ensued. There is a strong sense in participants' accounts that drug use is at points pleasurable but it should not, or rather, could not be conceived of in this way. As such, the article will reflect on several situations in which pleasure came up during fieldwork but was quickly redirected towards addiction using terms such as 'denial'...
August 31, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826127/-i-love-having-benzos-after-my-coke-shot-the-use-of-psychotropic-medication-among-cocaine-users-in-downtown-montreal
#16
Rossio Motta-Ochoa, Karine Bertrand, Nelson Arruda, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Élise Roy
BACKGROUND: Cocaine abuse is a major public health issue due to its role in the HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics in North America. A significant area of concern among people who use cocaine (PWUC), injected or smoked, is their frequent misuse of prescription drugs, particularly psychotropic medication (PM), such as tranquilizers, sedatives, stimulants, and antipsychotics. This paper aims to describe and understand practices of PM use among PWUC in downtown Montreal. METHOD: Ethnographic methods including participant observation and semi-structured interviews were used in an iterative manner...
August 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822894/increased-minimum-legal-age-for-the-sale-of-alcohol-in-the-netherlands-as-of-2014-the-effect-on-alcohol-sellers-compliance-after-one-and-two-years
#17
Karen Schelleman-Offermans, Ruud T J Roodbeen, Paul H H M Lemmens
BACKGROUND: As of January 2014, the Dutch minimum legal age for the sale and purchase of all alcoholic beverages has increased from 16 to 18 years of age. The effectiveness of a minimum legal age policy in controlling the availability of alcohol for adolescents depends on the extent to which this minimum legal age is complied with in the field. The main aim of the current study is to investigate, for a country with a West-European drinking culture, whether raising the minimum legal age for the sale of alcohol has influenced compliance rates among Dutch alcohol vendors...
August 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818639/addictive-behaviors-and-healthcare-renunciation-for-economic-reasons-in-a-french-population-based-sample
#18
Stéphanie Baggio, Marc Dupuis, Jean-Baptiste Richard, François Beck
BACKGROUND: Healthcare renunciation for economic reasons is a major health concern, but it has been scarcely investigated among drug users, even if drug users constitute a vulnerable population in need of medical care. This study investigated associations of healthcare renunciation for economic reasons and addictive behaviors (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, illicit drug use, and gambling) in a population-based sample of adults living in France, a country with universal health coverage. METHODS: Data were collected using the 2014 Health Barometer, a French cross-sectional survey conducted among a random representative sample of the general population aged 18-64 (n=12,852)...
August 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734744/post-war-prevention-emerging-frameworks-to-prevent-drug-use-after-the-war-on-drugs
#19
Dan Werb
The prevention of drug use is one of the primary goals of the War on Drugs. However, despite investment in high-profile interventions such as social marketing campaigns and enforcement-based deterrence, these efforts have generally failed. With the emergence of novel policy frameworks to control and regulate drug use, a window of opportunity exists to test approaches to drug prevention that take into account existing evidence and the rights of individuals who use drugs. Specifically, there is a growing consensus that entry into drug use is a socially-defined event that individuals experience within particular socio-structural contexts...
July 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735776/fentanyl-in-the-us-heroin-supply-a-rapidly-changing-risk-environment
#20
EDITORIAL
Daniel Ciccarone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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