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International Journal on Drug Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778816/disneyization-a-framework-for-understanding-illicit-drug-use-in-bounded-play-spaces
#1
Tim Turner
BACKGROUND: This paper combines evidence from an ethnographic study of illicit drug use amongst tourists in Ibiza with Bryman's (2004) theoretical model of Disneyization. The principal aim was to construct a new conceptual framework that may help scholars, practitioners and policy makers make sense of dynamic patterns of illegal drug use across bounded play spaces such as tourist resorts, music festivals and nightclubs. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork employing a grounded theory design was undertaken over three summers in tourist locations on the Balearic island of Ibiza, including nightclubs, bars, cafes, beaches, airports and hotels...
May 17, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758542/fentanyl-self-testing-outside-supervised-injection-settings-to-prevent-opioid-overdose-do-we-know-enough-to-promote-it
#2
Catherine R McGowan, Magdalena Harris, Lucy Platt, Vivian Hope, Tim Rhodes
Since 2013, North America has experienced a sharp increase in unintentional fatal overdoses: fentanyl, and its analogues, are believed to be primarily responsible. Currently, the most practical means for people who use drugs (PWUD) to avoid or mitigate risk of fentanyl-related overdose is to use drugs in the presence of someone who is in possession of, and experienced using, naloxone. Self-test strips which detect fentanyl, and some of its analogues, have been developed for off-label use allowing PWUD to test their drugs prior to consumption...
May 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754895/drug-consumption-rooms-comparing-times-spaces-and-actors-in-issues-of-social-acceptability-in-french-public-debate
#3
Marie Jauffret-Roustide, Isabelle Cailbault
BACKGROUND: In October 2016, the first French drug consumption room (DCR) opened in Paris. We propose to examine the process through which this issue has been framed as a matter of public concern, after being ignored for almost 20 years. Our analysis of the controversy on DCRs investigates how public conversations on harm reduction evolve according to the time period (from the 1990s to the present), scale of discourse (local vs. national), and involved actors (politicians, professionals, local residents, and drug users)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754104/measuring-individual-level-needle-and-syringe-coverage-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-myanmar
#4
Daniel O'Keefe, Soe Moe Aung, Naanki Pasricha, Thu Wun, Soe Khaing Linn, Nay Lin, Campbell Aitken, Chad Hughes, Paul Dietze
BACKGROUND: Myanmar has prioritised people who inject drugs (PWID) as a key population for HIV mitigation efforts, with targets for needle and syringe distribution set at a population level. However, individual-level coverage, defined as the percentage of an individual's injecting episodes covered by a sterile syringe, is a more sensitive measure of intervention coverage. We sought to examine individual-level coverage in a sample of PWID in Myanmar. METHODS: We recruited 512 PWID through urban drop-in-centres in Yangon, Mandalay and Pyin Oo Lwin...
May 10, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754032/opioid-related-mortality-in-rural-america-geographic-heterogeneity-and-intervention-strategies
#5
Khary K Rigg, Shannon M Monnat, Melody N Chavez
Over the last two decades, opioid-related mortality rates have increased dramatically to become a serious public health concern in the United States. Opioid-related mortality has reached epidemic levels in certain rural areas of the U.S., such as Appalachia, New England, and the Mountain West, while remaining relatively low in others, such as the Delta South and Great Plains. Explanations for geographic variation in opioid mortality are unclear, contributing to ineffective policies and interventions. The goal of this article is to summarize the existing literature on the opioid epidemic in the rural U...
May 10, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735335/corrigendum-to-the-extent-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-overdose-and-self-reported-receipt-of-naloxone-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland-int-j-drug-policy-46-2017-34-40
#6
Charlotte O'Halloran, Katelyn Cullen, Jaquelyn Njoroge, Lucy Jessop, Josie Smith, Vivian Hope, Fortune Ncube
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734049/e-cigarette-nicotine-content-and-labelling-practices-in-a-restricted-market-findings-from-ontario-canada
#7
Christine D Czoli, Maciej L Goniewicz, Mary Palumbo, Christine M White, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Although several countries, including Canada, have prohibited the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, there is little evidence examining the impact of such regulatory measures on nicotine content and labelling. METHODS: E-cigarettes were systematically purchased at 80 retail outlets across 4 cities in Ontario, Canada in January-February 2015. Products' nicotine content and labelling accuracy were assessed using gas chromatography. RESULTS: A total of 166 e-cigarette products were purchased, including disposable products (33%), refillable products (14%), and e-liquids (53%)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734048/the-role-of-alcohol-in-constructing-gender-class-identities-among-young-women-in-the-age-of-social-media
#8
Jemma Lennox, Carol Emslie, Helen Sweeting, Antonia Lyons
Research suggests young women view drinking as a pleasurable aspect of their social lives but that they face challenges in engaging in a traditionally 'masculine' behaviour whilst maintaining a desirable 'femininity'. Social network sites such as Facebook make socialising visible to a wide audience. This paper explores how young people discuss young women's drinking practices, and how young women construct their identities through alcohol consumption and its display on social media. We conducted 21 friendship-based focus groups (both mixed and single sex) with young adults aged 18-29 years and 13 individual interviews with a subset of focus group respondents centred on their Facebook practices...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731288/the-impact-of-drug-policy-liberalisation-on-willingness-to-seek-help-for-problem-drug-use-a-comparison-of-20-countries
#9
Isabella Benfer, Renee Zahnow, Monica J Barratt, Larissa Maier, Adam Winstock, Jason Ferris
BACKGROUND: While the impact of changing drug policies on rates of drug use has been investigated, research into how help-seeking behaviour changes as drug policies become more public-health focused is limited. This paper investigates reported changes in confidence to utilise drug services following hypothetical changes in national drug policy among a sample of individuals who report recent illicit drug use. We predict that liberalising national drug policy will increase the propensity for people who take illegal drugs to utilise health services...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730586/overlap-between-harm-reduction-and-hiv-service-utilisation-among-pwid-in-india-implications-for-hiv-combination-prevention
#10
M Kumi Smith, Sunil S Solomon, Derek A T Cummings, Aylur K Srikrishnan, M Suresh Kumar, C K Vasudevan, Allison M McFall, Gregory M Lucas, David D Celentano, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: In some regions, HIV incidence is rising among people who inject drugs (PWID). Combination prevention approaches are well suited to PWID who face multiple sources of HIV risk. This analysis investigates patterns of utilisation to basic HIV services (HIV counselling and testing [HCT], antiretroviral therapy [ART]) as well as harm reduction programs (needle and syringe exchange programs [NSEP] and opioid agonist therapy [OAT]) among PWID and how utilisation of harm reduction services is associated with HIV-related care seeking behaviours...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730440/a-qualitative-exploration-of-thai-alcohol-policy-in-regulating-availability-and-access
#11
Ratchakorn Kaewpramkusol, Kate Senior, Richard Chenhall, Sutham Nanthamongkolchai, Surasak Chaiyasong
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant alcohol control regulations and measures in Thailand, prevalence of alcohol consumption has been relatively steady for the past decade and alcohol-related harm remains high. This study aims to explore, through the perspectives of key public health stakeholders, the current performance of regulations controlling alcohol availability and access, and the future directions for the implementation of Thai alcohol policy. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health stakeholders from three sectors; the government, academia and civil society...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715590/interventions-to-increase-testing-linkage-to-care-and-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-infection-among-people-in-prisons-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Nadine Kronfli, Blake Linthwaite, Fiona Kouyoumdjian, Marina B Klein, Bertrand Lebouché, Giada Sebastiani, Joseph Cox
BACKGROUND: While the burden of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is significantly higher among people in prisons compared to the general population, testing and treatment uptake remain suboptimal. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to increase HCV testing, linkage to care and treatment uptake among people in prisons. METHODS: We searched Medline (Ovid 1996-present), Embase (Ovid 1996-present), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for English language articles published between January 2007 and November 2017...
April 28, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715589/stigma-at-every-turn-health-services-experiences-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#13
Catherine E Paquette, Jennifer L Syvertsen, Robin A Pollini
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) encounter varying forms of stigma in health services contexts, which can contribute to adverse outcomes. We explored the lived experience of stigma among PWID to elucidate pathways by which stigma influences health care access and utilization. METHODS: We conducted 46 qualitative interviews with PWID in California's Central Valley between March and December 2015, as part of a multi-phase, multi-method study examining implementation of a new pharmacy syringe access law...
April 28, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709847/big-data-on-a-big-new-market-insights-from-washington-state-s-legal-cannabis-market
#14
Jonathan P Caulkins, Yilun Bao, Steve Davenport, Imane Fahli, Yutian Guo, Krista Kinnard, Mary Najewicz, Lauren Renaud, Beau Kilmer
INTRODUCTION: Voters in eight U.S. states have passed initiatives to legalize large-scale commercial production of cannabis for non-medical use. All plan or require some form of "seed-to-sale" tracking systems, which provide a view of cannabis market activity at a heretofore unimagined level of detail. Legal markets also create a range of new matters for policy makers to address. DATA: Publicly available data were obtained on approximately 45 million individually priced items purchased in the 35 million retail transactions that took place during the first two and a half years of Washington State's legal cannabis market...
April 27, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705590/people-who-inject-drugs-and-hiv-crisis-in-pence-s-indiana-a-media-analysis-using-two-policymaking-theories
#15
David A Stupplebeen
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Scott County, Indiana was the center of an HIV outbreak related to injection drug use. Critiques of the government response exist; however, none examine the response through policymaking theories. This paper examines policy changes affecting people who use drugs (PWID) in Indiana through two theories: the social construction of target populations and punctuated equilibrium. METHODS: A media analysis was performed to examine the prevailing image of PWID in Indiana ten years prior to the outbreak and two years after the crisis emerged...
April 26, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702394/exploring-what-shapes-injection-and-non-injection-among-a-sample-of-marginalized-people-who-use-drugs
#16
Andrew Ivsins, Samona Marsh
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically explored what influences people who use drugs to consume them in certain ways (i.e., smoking, injecting). While a great deal of research has examined the transition from non-injection to injection routes of drug administration, less is known about people who use drugs (PWUD) but have never injected or have stopped injecting. This paper draws on actor-network theory to explore what moves people to inject or not, among both people who currently smoke/sniff drugs (PWSD) and people who currently inject drugs (PWID), to better understand factors that shape/influence methods of drug consumption...
April 24, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702393/drug-policy-constellations-a-habermasian-approach-for-understanding-english-drug-policy
#17
Alex Stevens, Giulia Federica Zampini
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly accepted that a view of policy as a rational process of fitting evidence-based means to rationally justified ends is inadequate for understanding the actual processes of drug policy making. We aim to provide a better description and explanation of recent English drug policy decisions. METHOD: We develop the policy constellation concept from the work of Habermas, in dialogue with data from two contemporary debates in English policy; on decriminalisation of drug possession and on recovery in drug treatment...
April 24, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699837/drug-related-police-encounters-across-the-globe-how-do-they-compare
#18
Caitlin E Hughes, Monica J Barratt, Jason A Ferris, Larissa J Maier, Adam R Winstock
BACKGROUND: Drug law enforcement subsumes the majority of drug policy expenditure across the globe. Fuelled by knowledge that much of this investment is ineffective or counter-productive there have been increasing calls for cross-national comparisons to identify where policing approaches differ and what types of approaches may be more effective. Yet, to date cross-national comparison of drug law enforcement has proven a methodologically hazardous affair. Using a new drug policing module added to the 2017 Global Drug Survey, this study seeks to provide the first cross-national comparison of the incidence, nature and intensity of illicit drug-related police encounters amongst people who use drugs...
April 23, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#19
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#20
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
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