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International Journal of Experimental Pathology

Andrieli T Hauschildt, Luciana A Corá, Gustavo T Volpato, Yuri K Sinzato, Débora C Damasceno, Madileine F Américo
Moderate hyperglycaemic levels seem to be related to abnormal gastric motility in diabetes mellitus. However, experimental models designed to evaluate the relationship between motility and diabetes over time are not yet well established. Our objective was to investigate the long-term effects of mild diabetes on gastric motility in rats. Newborn male rats received streptozotocin (mild diabetes groups - MD) or vehicle (control groups - C), and both groups were evaluated after 3 (C3 and MD3) and 6 months (C6 and MD6) postinduction...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Ahmed A M Abdel-Hamid, Hoda Atef, Khaled R Zalata, Atef Abdel-Latif
Although there is emerging evidence that mast cells are involved in infertility, their exact role has not been elucidated clearly. Here we carried out a retrospective case-control study to find out whether there is a correlation between mast cell (MC) count and proliferation (Ki67 index) of the spermatogenic epithelium as well as of the Sertoli cells (vimentin-positive) in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). We assessed MCs, Ki67 and vimentin expression in Sertoli cells in testicular biopsies of germ cell aplasia (GCA, n = 14) and maturation arrest (MA, n = 14) vs...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Ignazio Puccio, Saif Khan, Adil Butt, David Graham, Vinay Sehgal, Dominic Patel, Marco Novelli, Laurence B Lovat, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Rifat A Hamoudi
Non-dysplastic Barrett's oesophagus (NDBE) occurs as a consequence of an inflammatory response triggered through prolonged gastro-oesophageal reflux and it may precede the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. NF-κB activation as a result of the inflammatory response has been shown in NDBE, but the possible mechanism involved in the process is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess, using immunohistochemistry, Survivin and Bcl3 expression as potential biomarkers for NF-κB activation along the oesophageal metaplasia-dysplasia-adenocarcinoma sequence...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Cristina Lorena Massocatto, Neide Martins Moreira, Eliane Muniz, Silvana Marques de Araújo, Phileno Pinge-Filho, Robson Marcelo Rossi, Eduardo José de Almeida Araújo, Débora de Mello Gonçales Sant'ana
Patients with Chagas' disease may develop dysfunctions of oesophageal and colonic motility resulting from the degeneration or loss of the myenteric neurons of the enteric nervous system. Studies have shown that the use of aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), influences the pathogenesis of the disease. However, this remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of treatment with low doses of aspirin during the chronic phase of Chagas' disease on oesophageal function...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Apiwat Pugongchai, Andrey Bychkov, Pichet Sampatanukul
Currently available tools for early diagnosis and prognosis of prostate cancer lack sufficient accuracy. There is a need to identify novel biomarkers for this common malignancy. SOX family genes play an important role in embryogenesis and are also implicated in various cancers. SOX11 has been recently recognized as a potential tumour suppressor that is downregulated in prostate cancer. We hypothesized that hypermethylation may be responsible for SOX11 silencing in human prostate cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate SOX11 promoter methylation in prostate adenocarcinoma by comparing it with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Waldo Luis García-Jiménez, Francisco J Salguero, Riccardo V D'Elia
Organ tissue damage is a key contributor to host morbidity and mortality following infection with microbial agents. Severe immune responses, excessive cellular recruitment and necrosis of cells all play a role in disease pathology. Understanding the pathogenesis of disease can aid in identifying potential new therapeutic targets or simply act as a diagnostic tool. Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacterium that can cause acute and chronic diseases. The BALB/c mouse has been shown to be highly susceptible to aerosol challenge with B...
January 7, 2018: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Joana Noguères Simas, Talita Biude Mendes, Camila Cicconi Paccola, Vanessa Vendramini, Sandra Maria Miraglia
The progression of diabetes mellitus leads to several complications including overproduction of reactive oxygen species and reproductive alterations. As resveratrol (RES) is a powerful anti-oxidant and an anti-apoptotic compound, we hypothesized that side effects of type-1 diabetes (DM1) on male reproduction could be reduced by the RES treatment. Eighty-four prepubertal male rats were distributed into seven groups: sham-control (SC), RES-treated (R), resveratrol-vehicle-treated (RV), diabetic (D), diabetic-insulin-treated (DI), diabetic-RES-treated (DR), diabetic-insulin and RES-treated (DIR)...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Francielle B D Ferreira, Cristiane Dos Santos, Maciel A Bruxel, Everson A Nunes, Fernando Spiller, Alex Rafacho
Sepsis is associated with high mortality. Both critically ill humans and animal models of sepsis exhibit changes in their glucose homeostasis, that is, hypoglycaemia, with the progression of infection. However, the relationship between basal glycaemia, glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity is not well understood. Thus, we aimed to evaluate this glucose homeostasis triad at the late stage of sepsis (24 h after surgery) in male Swiss mice subjected to lethal and sublethal sepsis by the caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model...
December 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Tao Chen, Li Wang, Chunyan Hu
Aloe vera is a widely used natural herb from which many sorts of commercial products have been derived using different preparation technologies. Aloe whole-leaf powder is one of the most popular subtypes. The long-term impact of aloe products has already been reported; however, there have been few studies about short-term exposure, and especially about the relative impact of Aloe vera whole-leaf freeze-dried powder (AWFP). To provide more toxicological data and to document the early changes induced by AWFP, in this study 120 SD rats were divided into four groups (control and 400/1200/2000 mg/kg treatment groups) and were administered AWFP once daily by oral gavage for 28 consecutive days, followed by a two week recovery phase...
October 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Silvia Gancheva, Bistra Galunska, Maria Zhelyazkova-Savova
Epidemiological studies reveal associations between obesity/metabolic syndrome and mood disorders. We assessed behavioural changes in rats fed diets enriched in fat and fructose in different proportions and correlated the observed alterations with biochemical changes induced by the diets. Three groups of rats were used as follows: control (C) animals fed regular rat chow, rats fed high-fat diet (HF) and rats fed high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFHF). HF and HFHF animals were also given a 10% fructose solution as drinking water...
October 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Orlando Hiroshi Kiono Siqueira, Karen Jesus Oliveira, Angela Cristina Gouvêa Carvalho, Antonio Claudio Lucas da Nóbrega, Renata Frauches Medeiros, Bruno Felix-Patrício, Fábio Otero Áscoli, Beni Olej
End-to-end anastomosis in the treatment for bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been associated with stricture formation. The aim of this study was to experimentally investigate the effect of oral tamoxifen (tmx) treatment on fibrosis, collagen content and transforming growth factor-β1, -β2 and -β3 expression in common bile duct anastomosis of pigs. Twenty-six pigs were divided into three groups [sham (n = 8), control (n = 9) and tmx (n = 9)]. The common bile ducts were transected and anastomosed in the control and tmx groups...
October 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Abdurrahman Fatih Aydın, İlknur Bingül, Canan Küçükgergin, Işın Doğan-Ekici, Semra Doğru Abbasoğlu, Müjdat Uysal
High-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ)-treated rats provide useful animal model for type II diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play a role in the development of diabetic complications. Carnosine (CAR) has anti-oxidant and anti-glycating properties. We investigated the effects of CAR on oxidation and glycation products in HFD+STZ rats. Rats were fed with HFD (60% of total calories from fat) for 4 weeks, and then a single dose of STZ (40 mg/kg; i.p...
October 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Sara Ravaioli, Maria Maddalena Tumedei, Flavia Foca, Roberta Maltoni, Andrea Rocca, Ilaria Massa, Elisabetta Pietri, Sara Bravaccini
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a heterogeneous disease that has been investigated less extensively than invasive breast cancer. Women with DCIS are mainly treated with conservative surgery almost exclusively followed by radiotherapy. However, as radiation treatment is not always effective, the search for biomarkers capable of identifying DCIS lesions that could progress to invasive cancer is ongoing. Although conventional biomarkers have been thoroughly studied in invasive tumours, little is known about the role played by androgen receptor (AR), widely expressed in DCIS...
October 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
George Chirambo, Chantal van Niekerk, Nigel J Crowther
The use of non-specific inhibitors of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) in pre-adipocytes blocks intracellular lipid accumulation. TNSALP is also expressed in hepatocytes, which are known to accumulate lipid in a similar manner to pre-adipocytes. The purpose of this study was to use specific silencing of TNSALP mRNA, using short interfering (si) RNA, to investigate the role of TNSALP in intracellular lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 and HepG2 cells. Cellular activity of TNSALP was measured using an automated colorimetric assay, and intracellular lipid accumulation was determined using the lipid-specific dye, Oil Red O...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Jeoung Hwa Shin, Won Hyun Ji, Chanhee Chae, Shela Gorinstein, Yun Gyong Ahn
This study deals with the levels of toxic polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and furan congeners (PCDD/Fs) in the livers of piglets affected by infectious diseases using isotope dilution high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). Seventeen toxic congeners in the liver samples infected with bacterial and viral diseases were compared. For porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) samples, the North American- and European-type PRRS diseases were observed. This study shows that there are significantly different levels of PCDD/Fs, present, which vary according to the types of diseases as evidenced by our analysis of the piglet liver samples...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Ines Benedetti, Angelo M De Marzo, Jan Geliebter, Niradiz Reyes
Identification of genes specifically deregulated in prostate adenocarcinoma may lead to discovery of new oncogenes/tumour suppressors with clinical relevance for diagnosis, prognosis and/or therapy. CXXC5 is a gene encoding a retinoid-inducible nuclear factor, whose overexpression in breast tumours, metastatic malignant melanomas and papillary thyroid carcinoma has been recently reported. We previously found differential expression of CXXC5 transcripts in metastatic prostate cancer cell lines of both rat and human origin...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Cay M Kielty
Fibrillin microfibrils are indispensable structural elements of connective tissues in multicellular organisms from early metazoans to humans. They have an extensible periodic beaded organization, and support dynamic tissues such as ciliary zonules that suspend the lens. In tissues that express elastin, including blood vessels, skin and lungs, microfibrils support elastin deposition and shape the functional architecture of elastic fibres. The vital contribution of microfibrils to tissue form and function is underscored by the heritable fibrillinopathies, especially Marfan syndrome with severe elastic, ocular and skeletal tissue defects...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Bruna B Nascimento, Christiane T Cartelle, Maria de L Noviello, Breno V Pinheiro, Ricardo W de Almeida Vitor, Danielle da G Souza, Simone de Vasconcelos Generoso, Valbert N Cardoso, Flaviano Dos S Martins, Jacques R Nicoli, Rosa M E Arantes
Toxoplasmosis represents one of the most common zoonoses worldwide. Its agent, Toxoplasma gondii, causes a severe innate pro-inflammatory response. The indigenous intestinal microbiota promotes host animal homoeostasis and may protect the host against pathogens. Germ-free (GF) animals provide an important tool for the study of interactions between host and microbiota. In this study, we assessed the role of indigenous microorganisms in disease development utilizing a murine toxoplasmosis model, which includes conventional (CV) and GF NIH Swiss mice...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Ayae Ikawa-Yoshida, Saori Matsuo, Atsuhiko Kato, Yusuke Ohmori, Atsuko Higashida, Eiji Kaneko, Masahiko Matsumoto
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer worldwide and represents the outcome of the natural history of chronic liver disease. The growing rates of HCC may be partially attributable to increased numbers of people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, details of the liver-specific molecular mechanisms responsible for the NAFLD-NASH-HCC progression remain unclear, and mouse models that can be used to explore the exact factors that influence the progression of NAFLD/NASH to the more chronic stages of liver disease and subsequent HCC are not yet fully established...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Fernanda O Duarte, Camila do Valle Gomes-Gatto, Jorge C Oishi, Anderson Diogo de S Lino, Uliana S Stotzer, Maria Fernanda C Rodrigues, Guilherme H Gatti da Silva, Heloisa S Selistre-de-Araújo
Adipose tissue development is associated with modifications involving extracellular matrix remodelling, and metalloproteinases play a significant role in this process. Reduced circulating sexual hormones cause impacts on the size, morphology and functions of the adipose tissue, increasing susceptibility to diseases. This study investigated whether exercise training may be an alternative strategy to combat the effects promoted by estrogen decay through modulation in gene expression patterns in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of visceral adipose tissue of ovariectomized rats...
August 2017: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
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