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International Journal of Experimental Pathology

Widya A Wahab, Tanja Šuligoj, Julia Ellis, Beatriz Côrtez-Real, Paul J Ciclitira
Coeliac disease (CD) is an inflammatory disorder of the small intestine. It includes aberrant adaptive immunity with presentation of CD toxic gluten peptides by HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 molecules to gluten-sensitive T cells. A ω-gliadin/C-hordein peptide (QPFPQPEQPFPW) and a rye-derived secalin peptide (QPFPQPQQPIPQ) were proposed to be toxic in CD, as they yielded positive responses when assessed with peripheral blood T-cell clones derived from individuals with CD. We sought to assess the immunogenicity of the candidate peptides using gluten-sensitive T-cell lines obtained from CD small intestinal biopsies...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Bjorn R Olsen, Agnes D Berendsen, Tatiana Y Besschetnova, Xuchen Duan, Kai Hu
Studies of proliferative hemangiomas have led to the discovery that interactions of endothelial cells with extracellular matrix and/or Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)-A stimulate the expression of VEGFR1, the VEGF decoy receptor, and suppress VEGF-dependent VEGFR2 signalling by a mechanism that requires the matrix-binding receptor Anthrax Toxin Receptor (ANTXR)1, VEGFR2, β1 integrin and the Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFAT). In hemangioma endothelial cells, all these components are present, but are functionally compromised, so that the levels of VEGFR1 are extremely low and VEGFR2 signalling is constitutively active...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Ahmed A M Abdel-Hamid, Yaser Mesbah, Mona F M Soliman
Letrozole (LTZ), one of the ovulation induction medications, is increasingly prescribed in various gynaecological conditions. Previous studies have demonstrated its potential hazardous effect on the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) as well as on tubal epithelial cells (TEC). However, it is not clear whether this effect could be reversed by LTZ cessation. Therefore, the objective of our study was to investigate the effect of stoppage of LTZ on these cells after 12 cycles of ovarian stimulation. A total of 54 Sprague Dawley rats were used in this study, divided equally into control, LTZ12 and CES12 groups (received saline, 12 cycles of LTZ and 12 cycles of cessation post-LTZ12 respectively)...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Riana Gaifulina, Andrew Thomas Maher, Catherine Kendall, James Nelson, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Katherine Lau, Geraint Mark Thomas
Animal models and archived human biobank tissues are useful resources for research in disease development, diagnostics and therapeutics. For the preservation of microscopic anatomical features and to facilitate long-term storage, a majority of tissue samples are denatured by the chemical treatments required for fixation, paraffin embedding and subsequent deparaffinization. These aggressive chemical processes are thought to modify the biochemical composition of the sample and potentially compromise reliable spectroscopic examination useful for the diagnosis or biomarking...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Sandi Regina Vasiliausha, Flávia Luciana Beltrame, Fabiane de Santi, Paulo Sérgio Cerri, Breno Henrique Caneguim, Estela Sasso-Cerri
Several different strategies have been adopted in attempt to recover from chemotherapy-damaged spermatogenesis that is often seen in oncologic patients. In this study, we have evaluated the impact of short period of exposure to busulphan on the haemogram and seminiferous epithelium of adult rats, focusing on spermatogonial depletion and Sertoli cell (SC) integrity. We then examined whether vitamin B12 supplementation improves the haematological parameters and spermatogonia number. The animals received 10 mg/kg of busulphan (BuG) or busulfan+vitamin B12 (Bu/B12 G) on the first and fourth days of treatment...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Viviane P Santana, Évila S Salles, Deborah E Correa, Bianca F Gonçalves, Silvana G Campos, Luiz A Justulin, Antonio F Godinho, Wellerson R Scarano
Developmental toxicity caused by environmental exposure to heavy metals during the perinatal period has raised questions about offspring health. Cadmium (Cd) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical with the potential to interfere with morphogenesis and susceptibility to diseases in reproductive organs. Taking into account that in the rat prostate morphogenesis occurs during the perinatal period, and that pregnant females absorb and retain more dietary Cd than their non-pregnant counterparts, it is important to understand the effects of perinatal Cd exposure on the adult rat prostate...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Qiang Fu, Andrew Satterlee, Yongjun Wang, Yuhua Wang, Dun Wang, Jingling Tang, Zhonggui He, Feng Liu
This study describes variations in tumour growth patterns which occur when changes in the routes of inoculation and mouse strain are used to introduce tumours into established murine model systems that are known to vary in location and aggression. Intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, intravenous and hydrodynamic inoculations of B16F10 cells were compared among CD-1, C57BL/6 and Balb/c mice. Most surprisingly, allogeneic tumour growth in Balb/c mice after intravenous and hydrodynamic inoculation of B16F10 cells was faster than tumour growth in the syngeneic C57BL/6 mice...
August 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Shahnawaz Majeed, Bishan D Radotra, Sadhna Sharma
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is an outcome of neuroinflammatory degeneration caused due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and leads to death or neurological disabilities in the affected individuals. It causes the highest morbidity and mortality amongst all forms of tuberculosis. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels increase and cause inflammatory destruction during progression of the disease. Although corticosteroids are usually given as an adjuvant therapy to overcome these complications, treatment outcome is contradictory...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Vivien Jane Coulson-Thomas
Heparan sulphate (HS) is ubiquitously expressed and is formed of repeating glucosamine and glucuronic/iduronic acid units which are generally highly sulphated. HS is found in tissues bound to proteins forming HS proteoglycans (HSPGs) which are present on the cell membrane or in the extracellular matrix. HSPGs influence a variety of biological processes by interacting with physiologically important proteins, such as morphogens, creating storage pools, generating morphogen gradients and directly mediating signalling pathways, thereby playing vital roles during development...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Milan Holecek, Melita Vodenicarovova
Phenylbutyrate is recommended in urea cycle disorders and liver injury to enhance nitrogen disposal by the urine. However, hypothetically there may be adverse responses to the use of phenylbutyrate in the treatment of liver disease because of its role as a histone deacetylase inhibitor and its stimulatory effect on branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA; valine, leucine and isoleucine). We report the effects of phenylbutyrate on liver regeneration and amino acid levels in plasma of partially hepatectomized (PH) rats...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Raquel Rangel Silvares, Evelyn Nunes Goulart da Silva Pereira, Edgar Eduardo Ilaquita Flores, Vanessa Estato, Patrícia Alves Reis, Igor José da Silva, Marcelo Pelajo Machado, Hugo Caire de Castro Faria Neto, Eduardo Tibiriça, Anissa Daliry
In this study we have explored the pathogenesis of the hepatic alterations which occur in diabetes and the modulation of these complications by the combination of metformin adjunct treatment and insulin monotherapy. For this purpose, diabetic rats were treated with insulin (DM + Ins) or metformin plus insulin (DM + Met + Ins). Biochemical and cardiometabolic parameters were analysed by spectrophotometry. Intravital microscopy was used to study the hepatic microcirculation. In the liver tissue, real-time PCR was used to analyse oxidative stress enzymes, inflammatory markers and receptors for advanced glycation end products (AGE) (RAGE) gene expression...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Max Seidy Saito, André Luiz Lourenço, Hye Chung Kang, Carlos Rangel Rodrigues, Lucio Mendes Cabral, Helena Carla Castro, Plínio Cunha Satlher
This report describes a modified, simple, low-cost and more sensitive method to determine bleeding patterns and haemoglobin concentration in a tail-bleeding assay using BALB/c mice and tail tip amputation. The cut tail was immersed in Drabkin's reagent to promote erythrocyte lysis and haemoglobin release, which was monitored over 30 min. The operator was blinded to individual conditions of the mice, which were treated with either saline (NaCl 0.15m), DMSO (0.5%) or clinical anti-thrombotic drugs. Our experimental protocols showed good reproducibility and repeatability of results when using Drabkin's reagent than water...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Francis Lopes Pacagnelli, Ana Karênina Dias de Almeida Sabela, Katashi Okoshi, Thaoan Bruno Mariano, Dijon Henrique Salomé Campos, Robson Francisco Carvalho, Antônio Carlos Cicogna, Luiz Carlo Marques Vanderlei
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic disease which causes overload to the right ventricle. The effect of preventive training on cardiac remodelling in this condition is still unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of preventive training on hypertrophy, heart function and gene expression of calcium transport proteins in rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: S, sedentary control; T, trained control; SM, sedentary monocrotaline; and TM, trained monocrotaline...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Mohamed A Adly, Hanan A Assaf, Mahmoud Rezk Abdelwahed Hussein
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and its cognate receptor (GFRα-1) are expressed in normal human skin. They are involved in murine hair follicle morphogenesis and cycling control. We hypothesize that 'GDNF and GFRα-1 protein expression in human skin undergoes age-associated alterations. To test our hypothesis, the expression of these proteins was examined in human skin specimens obtained from 30 healthy individuals representing three age groups: children (5-18 years), adults (19-60 years) and the elderly (61-81 years)...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Youping Deng, Yan Xiong, Yingjuan Liu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in cancer development and progression. The purposes of this study were to explore the role of miR-376c in cervical cancer and to clarify the regulation of BMI1 by miR-376c. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure miR-376c expression in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. The cell proliferation, cell cycle and Transwell invasion assays were performed. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm the target gene of miR-376c, and the results were validated in cervical cancer cell lines and tissues...
June 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Nuor S M Jamil, Asim Azfer, Harrison Worrell, Donald M Salter
CSPG4/NG2 is a multifunctional transmembrane protein with limited distribution in adult tissues including articular cartilage. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible roles of CSPG4/NG2 in chondrosarcomas and to establish whether this molecule may have potential for targeted therapy. Stable knock-down of CSPG4/NG2 in the JJ012 chondrosarcoma cell line by shRNA resulted in decreased cell proliferation and migration as well as a decrease in gene expression of the MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) 3 protease and ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase)...
April 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Anders R Knudsen, Kasper J Andersen, Stephen Hamilton-Dutoit, Jens R Nyengaard, Frank V Mortensen
Circulating liver enzymes such as alanine transaminase are often used as markers of hepatocellular damage. Ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is an inevitable consequence of prolonged liver ischaemia. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between liver enzymes and volume of liver cell necrosis after ischaemia/reperfusion injuries, using design-unbiased stereological methods. Forty-seven male Wistar rats were subjected to 1 h of partial liver ischaemia, followed by either 4 or 24 h of reperfusion...
April 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Nives Pećina-Šlaus, Anja Kafka, Tomislav Vladušić, Davor Tomas, Monika Logara, Josip Skoko, Reno Hrašćan
Crosstalk between Wnt and p53 signalling pathways in cancer has long been suggested. Therefore in this study we have investigated the involvement of these pathways in meningiomas by analysing their main effector molecules, beta-catenin and p53. Cellular expression of p53 and beta-catenin proteins and genetic changes in TP53 were analysed by immunohistochemistry, PCR/RFLP and direct sequencing of TP53 exon 4. All the findings were analysed statistically. Our analysis showed that 47.5% of the 59 meningiomas demonstrated loss of expression of p53 protein...
April 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Jeong-Ju Lee, Hee Jin Lee, Byung-Ho Son, Sung-Bae Kim, Jin-Hee Ahn, Seung Do Ahn, Eun Yoon Cho, Gyungyub Gong
Forkhead box (FOX) proteins constitute an extended family of transcriptional regulators. FOXM1 is ubiquitously expressed in cells undergoing proliferation, and overexpression of FOXM1 is associated with poor prognosis in various malignant tumours. FOXM1 and FOXO3a are often transcriptionally antagonistic. FOXO3a plays a critical tumour-suppressive role in breast cancer. FOXO activity is modulated by its acetylation status, which is regulated by class III histone deacetylases (sirtuins; also known as SIRTs)...
April 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
Rômulo D Novaes, Reggiani V Gonçalves, Marli C Cupertino, Eliziária C Santos, Solange M Bigonha, Geraldo J M Fernandes, Izabel R S C Maldonado, Antônio J Natali
This study investigated the pathological morphofunctional adaptations related to the imbalance of exercise tolerance triggered by paraquat (PQ) exposure in rats. The rats were randomized into four groups with eight animals each: (a) SAL (control): 0.5 ml of 0.9% NaCl solution; (b) PQ10: PQ 10 mg/kg; (c) PQ20: PQ 20 mg/kg; and (d) PQ30: PQ 30 mg/kg. Each group received a single injection of PQ. After 72 hours, the animals were subjected to an incremental aerobic running test until fatigue in order to determine exercise tolerance, blood glucose and lactate levels...
April 2016: International Journal of Experimental Pathology
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