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History of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198192/letters-to-the-editor
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181451/from-a-religious-view-of-madness-to-religious-mania-the-encyclop%C3%A3-die-pinel-esquirol
#2
Philippe Huneman
This paper focuses on the shift from a concept of insanity understood in terms of religion to another (as entertained by early psychiatry, especially in France) according to which it is believed that forms of madness tinged by religion are difficult to cure. The traditional religious view of madness, as exemplified by Pascal (inter alia), is first illustrated by entries from the Encyclopédie. Then the shift towards a medical view of madness, inspired by Vitalistic physiology, is mapped by entries taken from the same publication...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181446/-insane-criminals-and-the-criminally-insane-criminal-asylums-in-norway-1895-1940
#3
Hilde Dahl
This article looks into the establishment and development of two criminal asylums in Norway. Influenced by international psychiatry and a European reorientation of penal law, the country chose to institutionalize insane criminals and criminally insane in separate asylums. Norway's first criminal asylum was opened in 1895, and a second in 1923, both in Trondheim. Both asylums quickly filled up with patients who often stayed for many years, and some for their entire lives. The official aim of these asylums was to confine and treat dangerous and disruptive lunatics...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165286/the-erudite-humility-of-the-historian-the-critical-epistemology-of-georges-lant%C3%A3-ri-laura
#4
Elisabetta Basso Lorini
This paper analyses the historical and epistemological work of the French psychiatrist Georges Lantéri-Laura (1930-2004) within the context of the French 'tradition' of history and philosophy of sciences, with special reference to Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault. After an introduction devoted to a critical survey of the most recent works on the history and historiography of psychiatry in French, the paper outlines Lantéri-Laura's approach by focusing especially on the role played by the methodological concept of 'semiology' as regards the relation between medicine and psychiatry...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956649/introduction-histories-of-asylums-insanity-and-psychiatry-in-scotland
#5
Chris Philo, Jonathan Andrews
This paper introduces a special issue on 'Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland', situating the papers that follow in an outline historiography of work in this field. Using Allan Beveridge's claims in 1993 about the relative lack of research on the history of psychiatry in Scotland, the paper reviews a range of contributions that have emerged since then, loosely distinguishing between 'overviews' - work addressing longer-term trends and broader periods and systems - and more detailed studies of particular 'individuals and institutions'...
December 12, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895196/from-asylum-to-action-in-scotland-the-emergence-of-the-scottish-union-of-mental-patients-1971-2
#6
Mark Gallagher
By analysing a collection of documents authored by Thomas Ritchie, founder of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients (SUMP), this study recounts the emergence of mental patient unionism at Hartwood Hospital, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The discourse and action employed by Ritchie and SUMP are understood and situated in relation to intended audiences, social and material conditions of the asylum space, and transformations in cultures beyond the asylum, including nascent industrial strife, social liberalism, civil rights, the London 'underground' and counter-cultures...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895195/a-scottish-poor-law-of-lunacy-poor-law-lunacy-law-and-scotland-s-parochial-asylums
#7
Lauren Farquharson
Scotland's parochial asylums are unfamiliar institutional spaces. Representing the concrete manifestation of the collision between two spheres of legislation, the Poor Law and the Lunacy Law, six such asylums were constructed in the latter half of the nineteenth century. These sites expressed the enduring mandate of the Scottish Poor Law 1845 over the domain of 'madness'. They were institutions whose very existence was fashioned at the directive of the local arm of the Poor Law, the parochial board, and they constituted a continuing 'Scottish Poor Law of Lunacy'...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156149/james-frame-s-the-philosophy-of-insanity-1860
#8
Jonathan Andrews, Chris Philo
Our aim in presenting this Classic Text is to foster wider analytical attention to a fascinating commentary on insanity by a former inmate of Glasgow Royal Asylum, Gartnavel, James Frame. Despite limited coverage in existing literature, his text (and other writings) have been surprisingly neglected by modern scholars. Frame's Philosophy presents a vivid, affecting, often destigmatizing account of the insane and their institutional provision in Scotland. Derived from extensive first-hand experience, Frame's chronicle eloquently and graphically delineates his own illness and the roles and perspectives of many other actors, from clinicians and managers to patients and relations...
March 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156148/liberty-and-the-individual-the-colony-asylum-in-scotland-and-england
#9
Gillian Allmond
This paper analyses the buildings, spaces and interiors of Bangour Village public asylum for the insane, near Edinburgh, and compares these with an English asylum, Whalley, near Preston, of similar early-twentieth-century date. The village asylum, which developed from a European tradition of rendering the poor productive through 'colonisation', was more enthusiastically and completely adopted in Scotland than in England, perhaps due to differences in asylum culture within the two jurisdictions. 'Liberty' and 'individuality', in particular, were highly valued within Scottish asylum discourses, arguably shaping material provision for the insane poor from the scale of the buildings to the quality of the furnishings...
March 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837148/dissertation-abstracts
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510708/a-war-psychiatry-approach-to-warfare-in-the-middle-byzantine-period
#11
Pavlos Ntafoulis
Combat stress cases were traced in historical texts and military manuals on warfare from the Middle Byzantine period; they were mainly labelled as cowardice. Soldiers suffered from nostalgia or exhaustion; officers looked stunned, or could not speak during the battle. Cruel punishments were often enforced. Suicide and alcohol abuse were rarely mentioned. The Byzantines' evacuation system for battle casualties was well organized. Psychological operations were conducted and prisoners-of-war were usually part of them...
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496864/esquirol-s-change-of-view-towards-pinel-s-mania-without-delusion
#12
Yohan Trichet, Agnès Lacroix
We recount how Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol (1772-1840) gradually changed his position towards what Philipe Pinel (1745-1826) referred to as mania without delusion. Between 1805 and 1838, Esquirol moved from outright rejection, questioning the very idea of insane persons committing motiveless acts of violence without delusion, to relative acceptance. He eventually incorporated the clinical characteristics of mania without delusion in his description of homicidal monomania, dividing them between reasoning monomania and instinctive monomania...
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450799/italian-colonial-psychiatry-outlines-of-a-discipline-and-practical-achievements-in-libya-and-the-horn-of-africa
#13
Marianna Scarfone
This article describes the establishment of psychiatry in Italy's former colonies during the period 1906-43, in terms of the clinical and institutional mechanisms, the underlying theories and the main individuals involved. 'Colonial psychiatry' (variously called 'ethnographic', 'comparative' or 'racial' psychiatry) - the object of which was both to care for mentally afflicted colonists and local people and also to understand and make sense of their pathologies - received most attention in colonial Libya, starting in the first months of the Italian occupation (1911-12) and then taking institutional form in the 1930s; in the colonies of what was known as 'Italian East Africa', on the other hand, less was said about psychiatric care, and practical achievements were correspondingly limited...
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378802/natural-kinds-psychiatric-classification-and-the-history-of-the-dsm
#14
Jonathan Y Tsou
This paper addresses philosophical issues concerning whether mental disorders are natural kinds and how the DSM should classify mental disorders. I argue that some mental disorders (e.g. schizophrenia, depression) are natural kinds in the sense that they are natural classes constituted by a set of stable biological mechanisms. I subsequently argue that a theoretical and causal approach to classification would provide a method for classifying natural kinds that is superior to the purely descriptive approach adopted by the DSM since DSM-III My argument suggests that the DSM should classify natural kinds in order to provide predictively useful (i...
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834293/-the-head-carver-art-extraordinary-and-the-small-spaces-of-asylum
#15
Cheryl McGeachan
This paper uses the unique collection of Scottish outsider art, labelled Art Extraordinary, as a window into the often neglected small spaces of asylum care in the early twentieth century. By drawing upon materials from the Art Extraordinary collection and its associated archives, this paper demonstrates the importance of incorporating small and everyday spaces of care - such as gardens, paths, studios and boats - into the broader historical narratives of psychiatric care in Scotland. Examples of experiential memorialization and counterpoints to asylum surveillance culture will be illuminated...
November 10, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803237/reconstructing-the-eclectic-psychiatry-of-thomas-ferguson-rodger
#16
Sarah Phelan
This article provides an introduction to the approach of the Scottish psychiatrist Thomas Ferguson Rodger (1907-78), as reconstructed from his archive. Rodger's contribution has been largely neglected within the history of Scottish psychiatry. This paper amends this neglect through situating Rodger's eclecticism in relation to both the biopsychosocial approach of his mentors, Adolf Meyer and David Henderson, and psychiatry's de-institutionalization in the 1950s and 1960s. It is posited that Rodger's eclecticism was a considered response to the pressures of this transitional phase to balance physical, psychological and social approaches, and a critical acknowledgement of the instability of contemporary psychiatric therapeutics...
November 1, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789588/henderson-and-meyer-in-correspondence-a-transatlantic-history-of-dynamic-psychiatry-1908-29
#17
Hazel Morrison
Charting a transatlantic movement of so-called 'dynamic psychiatry' during the early twentieth century, this paper reads against the grain of established historiographies. Comparing biographical and autobiographical sources with contemporary correspondence, a history is told which considers the evolution of psychiatric knowledge and clinical practices 'from below'. Revealing a period and place when a 'dynamic' counter-culture challenged the established materialist views of Scottish psychiatry, the longevity of this challenge is considered in the concluding paragraphs...
October 27, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770055/-heading-up-a-blind-alley-scottish-psychiatric-hospitals-in-the-era-of-deinstitutionalization
#18
Vicky Long
This article examines Scottish provision of psychiatric care in the 1960s and 1970s. It demonstrates that institutional services did not rapidly disappear across the UK following the Ministry of Health's decision to shut down psychiatric hospitals in 1961, and highlights Scotland's distinctive trajectory. Furthermore, it contends that psychiatric hospitals developed new approaches to assist patients in this era, thereby contributing towards the transformation of post-war psychiatric practice. Connecting a discussion of policy with an analysis of provision, it examines the Department of Health for Scotland's cautious response to the Ministry's embrace of deinstitutionalization, before analysing Glasgow's psychiatric provision in the 1970s...
October 21, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698075/-noisy-restless-and-incoherent-puerperal-insanity-at-dundee-lunatic-asylum
#19
Morag Allan Campbell
Puerperal insanity has been described as a nineteenth-century diagnosis, entrenched in contemporary expectations of proper womanly behaviour. Drawing on detailed study of establishment registers and patient case notes, this paper examines the puerperal insanity diagnosis at Dundee Lunatic Asylum between 1820 and 1860. In particular, the study aims to consider whether the class or social status of the patients had a bearing on how their conditions were perceived and rationalized, and how far the puerperal insanity diagnosis, coloured by the values assigned to it by the medical officers, may have been reserved for some women and not for others...
October 3, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473735/response-by-the-author-received-19-april-2016
#20
LETTER
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: History of Psychiatry
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