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Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine

Lukas Gritsch, Christopher Lovell, Wolfgang H Goldmann, Aldo R Boccaccini
Biodegradable and bioresorbable polyesters (BBPEs) are a widespread class of aliphatic polymers with a plethora of applications in the medical field. Some reports speculate that these polymers have intrinsic antibacterial activity as a consequence of their acidic degradation by-products. The release of organic acids as a result of the hydrolytic degradation of BBPEs in vivo and the resulting pH drop could be an effective inhibitor of the growth of pathogens in the local environment adjacent to BBPE-based devices...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
D Pförringer, N Harrasser, H Mühlhofer, M Kiokekli, A Stemberger, M van Griensven, M Lucke, R Burgkart, A Obermeier
Calcium sulfate (CS) can be used as an antibiotically impregnated bone substitute in a variety of clinical constellations. Antibiotically loaded bone substitutes find specific application in orthopedic and trauma surgery to prevent or treat bone infections especially in relation to open bone defects. However, its use as a structural bone graft reveals some concerns due to its fast biodegradation. The addition of calcium carbonate and tripalmitin makes CS formulations more resistant to resorption leaving bone time to form during a prolonged degradation process...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Serena Best
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Valeria Perugini, Mark Best, Sandeep Kumar, Anna L Guildford, Adrian J Bone, Wendy M Macfarlane, Matteo Santin, Gary J Phillips
In vitro, pancreatic β-cells tend to reduce their ability to aggregate into islets and lose insulin-producing ability, likely due to insufficient cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions that are essential for β-cell retention, viability and functionality. In response to these needs, surfaces of succinylated chitosan-based beads (NSC) were modified with zwitterionic carboxy-betaine (CB) moieties, a compatible osmolyte known to regulate cellular hydration state, and used to promote the formation of β-cell spheroids using a conventional 2D cell culture technique...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
G Faigle, A Bernstein, N P Suedkamp, H O Mayr, F Peters, W D Huebner, M Seidenstuecker
The release behavior of vancomycin (VAN) from beta-tricalciumphosphate (βTCP), hydroxyapatite (HA), glass ceramic (GC) and sponge-like collagen βTCP granule composite (sponge) was studied. Vacuum and drip loading methods were compared. The influence of VAN concentration and pH on release behavior was analyzed with respect to a stable release level of VAN above the minimum inhibitory concentration over 14 days. Initially the morphology of the granule carrier systems was examined with ESEM, stereomicroscopy, µCT-imaging and Camsizer® regarding porosity, interconnecting pores and granule size...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Omar Fabela-Sánchez, Hermelinda Salgado-Ceballos, Luis Medina-Torres, Laura Álvarez-Mejía, Stephany Sánchez-Torres, Rodrigo Mondragón-Lozano, Axayácatl Morales-Guadarrama, Araceli Díaz-Ruiz, María-Guadalupe Olayo, Guillermo J Cruz, Juan Morales, Camilo Ríos, Roberto Olayo
Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a health problem for which there is currently no treatment or definitive therapy. Medicine has explored therapeutic options for patients with TSCI with the aim to improve their quality of life. One alternative has been the development of biomaterials that offer neuroprotection or neuroregeneration of damaged nerve tissue. The microinjection of iodine-doped polypyrrole particles synthesised by plasma (PPPy/I) has shown neuroprotective effects that favour motor function recovery in experimental animals with TSCI...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
H Little, S A Clarke, E Cunningham, F Buchanan
Process-induced degradation of clinically relevant resorbable polymers was investigated for two thermal techniques, filament extrusion followed by fused deposition modelling (FDM). The aim was to develop a clear understanding of the relationship between temperature, processing time and resultant process-induced degradation. This acts to address the current knowledge gap in studies involving thermal processing of resorbable polymers. Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA) was chosen for its clinically relevant resorption properties...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Yen-Hong Lin, Yung-Cheng Chiu, Yu-Fang Shen, Yuan-Haw Andrew Wu, Ming-You Shie
The present study provides a solvent-free processing method for establishing the ideal porous 3-dimension (3D) scaffold filled with different ratios of calcium silicate-based (CS) powder and polycaprolactone (PCL) for 3D bone substitute application. Characterization of hybrid scaffolds developed underwent assessments for physicochemical properties and biodegradation. Adhesion and growth of human Wharton's Jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSCs) on the CS/PCL blended scaffold were investigated in vitro. Cell attachment and morphology were examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and confocal microscope observations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Esra Kiliç, Arzu Yakar, Nursel Pekel Bayramgil
Polyurethane (PU) and doxorubicine loaded-PU nanofiber mats were prepared by the electrospinning technique. The effect of some system and process parameters including flow rate, distance from collector, and concentration of solution on the size and morphology of nanofibers was investigated. The size, morphology and drug content of nanofiber mats were followed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). FTIR and TGA methods were used for structural and thermal characterization, and DSC was also used for determining the form of drug within nanofiber mat...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Petya Tsekova, Mariya Spasova, Nevena Manolova, Iliya Rashkov, Nadya Markova, Ani Georgieva, Reneta Toshkova
Curcumin (Curc) exhibits anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antitumor activity. However, its clinical application is limited by its poor bioavailability related to its extremely low water solubility. Novel materials allowing enhanced release of Curc in aqueous medium were obtained. The new materials consisted of electrospun fibers from cellulose acetate (CA) (mean fiber diameter ca. 780 nm ± 110 nm) with electrosprayed Curc/polyvinylpyrrolidone (Curc/PVP) particles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that separated and evenly distributed particles of Curc/PVP were deposited on the surface of the mats and on the inner layers of the mat...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Jing Wang, Qingsong Yu, Zhiyuan Yang
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of hydrophobic surface treatment to fumed silica fillers on the bonding performance of a one-bottle etch and rinse model dental adhesive. In this study, 0.5-5 wt.% of Filler 1 and Filler 2 were loaded into BisGMA/HEMA model dental adhesive. Filler 1 was not treated, while Filler 2 was surface treated with a dimethyl silicone fluid making the silica extremely hydrophobic. The prepared adhesives were characterized through measurements of viscosity, degree of conversion, and water contact angle...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Eduardo Anitua, Ander Pino, María Troya, Pedro Jaén, Gorka Orive
Biomaterials should be designed to closely resemble the characteristics and functions of the native extracellular matrix to provide mechanical support and signals to direct biological events. Here we have developed a novel injectable plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF-Endoret)-based formulation that combines a thermal-denaturation step of plasma with an autologous fibrin crosslinking. Rheological and mechanical properties were evaluated. Additionally, the microstructure and biological capacity of the biomaterial was also characterized...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Elena Kosobrodova, Alexey Kondyurin, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Christina Theodoropoulos, Elena Morganti, Dietmar Hutmacher, Marcela M M Bilek
Polycaprolactone with five different molecular weights was spin-coated on silicon wafers and plasma immersion ion implanted (PIII) with ion fluence in the range 5 × 1014-2 × 1016 ions/cm2. The effects of PIII treatment on the optical properties, chemical structure, crystallinity, morphology, gel fraction formation and wettability were investigated. As in the case of a number of previously studied polymers, oxidation and hydrophobic recovery of the PIII treated PCL follow second order kinetics. CAPA 6250, which has the lowest molecular weight and the highest degree of crystallinity of the untreated PCL films studied, has the highest carbonization of the modified layer after PIII treatment...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Jun Ming Wan, Liang le Liu, Jian Fang Zhang, Jian Wei Lu, Qi Li
Tissue engineering technology is applicable for study of nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury. Many natural and artificial scaffold are not applicable because of poor mechanical properties and cell compatibility. Polypeptides with fine three-dimensional structure and cell compatibility and are widely used in tissue engineering research. The purpose of this study was to verify the neuronal differentiation of neural stem cells by using self-polymerize dendritic polypeptide for spinal cord tissue engineering...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Bhabesh Mili, Kinsuk Das, Ajay Kumar, A C Saxena, Praveen Singh, Srikanta Ghosh, Sadhan Bag
Sustained and controlled release of neurotrophic factors in target tissue through nanomaterial based delivery system could be a better strategy for nerve tissue regeneration. The present study aims to prepare the nerve growth factor (NGF) encapsulated chitosan nanoparticles (NGF-CNPs) and its evaluation on neuronal differentiation potentiality of canine bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (cBM-MSCs). The NGF-CNPs were prepared by ionotropic gelation method with tripolyphosphate (TPP) as an ionic cross-linking agent...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Sedef Tamburaci, Funda Tihminlioglu
In this study, novel composites membranes composed of chitosan matrix and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) were fabricated by solvent casting method. The effect of POSS loading on the mechanical, morphological, chemical, thermal and surface properties, and cytocompatibility of composite membranes were investigated and observed by tensile test, atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), protein adsorption assay, air/water contact angle analysis and WST-1 respectively...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Reed Ayers, Mackenzie Miller, Jeffery Schowinsky, Evalina Burger, Vikas Patel, Christopher Kleck
The characteristic trait of metallosis is the presence of tissue staining. Analyzing explanted revision hardware from spine surgeries and performing ICPMS/AES analysis on removed tissue samples, a clinically relevant definition for metallosis may be developed. Results of the analysis identified hardware fretting wear and corrosion, and ICP-MS/AES analysis identified elevated metal ion concentrations in all cases. This supports the hypothesis that corrosion may be linked to poor health outcomes and potential need for revision surgery...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Weiguo Zhu, Yong Qiu, Fei Sheng, Xinxin Yuan, Leilei Xu, Hongda Bao, Jianwu Dai, Zezhang Zhu
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of a new delivery matrix using demineralized bone matrix (DBM) incorporated with collagen-binding bone morphogenetic protein-2 (CBD-BMP-2) in the rat inter-transverse spinal fusion model. Sixty rats undergoing posterolateral (inter-transverse) spinal fusion were divided into 3 groups according to the fusion materials containing different components (n = 20 per group). Group A were implanted with DBM, Group B with combination of DBM and BMP-2 and Group C with combination of DBM and CBD-BMP-2...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Giulia Marchioli, Lisa Zellner, Catarina Oliveira, Marten Engelse, Eelco de Koning, Joao Mano, Karperien, Aart van Apeldoorn, Lorenzo Moroni
Islets of Langerhans need to maintain their round morphology and to be fast revascularized after transplantation to preserve functional insulin secretion in response to glucose stimulation. For this purpose, a non-cell-adhesive environment is preferable for their embedding. Conversely, nutrient and oxygen supply to islets is guaranteed by capillary ingrowth within the construct and this can only be achieved in a matrix that provides adhesion cues for cells. In this study, two different approaches are explored, which are both based on a layered architecture, in order to combine these two opposite requirements...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Fang Jia, Lei Zhou, Wangxi Wu
This study aimed to investigate if the titanium samples with low hydrogen permeation which treated with a novel etching combination: phosphoric acid and sodium fluoride could influence the surface physiochemical properties and early adsorption ability. Titanium samples were treated with three different concentrations of the new formula, as groups A, B and C, and treated with the traditional etching formula, as group T. Zeta potential, contact angle, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and fibronectin (FN)/vitronectin (VN) adsorption of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat tibial osteotomies in the initial 30min and MG-63 adsorption in the initial 24 h were detected...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
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