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Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432501/high-scale-yield-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-through-combination-of-mechanical-activation-and-chemical-dispersion
#1
Xueling Gao, Chunchu Dai, Weiwei Liu, Yumei Liu, Ru Shen, Xiaotong Zheng, Ke Duan, Jie Weng, Shuxin Qu
The aim of this study is to develop a simple, convenient and effective approach to synthesize nano-sized hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) at high-scale yield. Nano-HA was wet synthesized in the presence or absence of alendronate sodium (ALN), one of bisphosphonates for anti-osteoporotic. Then aged and washed nano-HA precipitate was directly treated by mechanical activation combined with the chemical dispersion of ALN to prevent the agglomeration of nano-HA. ALN acted not only as a chemical dispersant but also as an orthopedic drug...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424946/preparation-and-corrosion-resistance-of-magnesium-phytic-acid-hydroxyapatite-composite-coatings-on-biodegradable-az31-magnesium-alloy
#2
Min Zhang, Shu Cai, Feiyang Zhang, Guohua Xu, Fengwu Wang, Nian Yu, Xiaodong Wu
In this work, a magnesium phytic acid/hydroxyapatite composite coating was successfully prepared on AZ31 magnesium alloy substrate by chemical conversion deposition technology with the aim of improving its corrosion resistance and bioactivity. The influence of hydroxyapatite (HA) content on the microstructure and corrosion resistance of the coatings was investigated. The results showed that with the increase of HA content in phytic acid solution, the cracks on the surface of the coatings gradually reduced, which subsequently improved the corrosion resistance of these coated magnesium alloy...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397164/comparison-of-effects-of-different-screw-materials-in-the-triangle-fixation-of-femoral-neck-fractures
#3
Kadir Gok, Sermet Inal, Arif Gok, Eyyup Gulbandilar
In this study, biomechanical behaviors of three different screw materials (stainless steel, titanium and cobalt-chromium) have analyzed to fix with triangle fixation under axial loading in femoral neck fracture and which material is best has been investigated. Point cloud obtained after scanning the human femoral model with the three dimensional (3D) scanner and this point cloud has been converted to 3D femoral model by Geomagic Studio software. Femoral neck fracture was modeled by SolidWorks software for only triangle configuration and computer-aided numerical analyses of three different materials have been carried out by AnsysWorkbench finite element analysis (FEA) software...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397163/electrospun-silk-fibroin-gelatin-composite-tubular-matrices-as-scaffolds-for-small-diameter-blood-vessel-regeneration
#4
Chiara Marcolin, Lorenza Draghi, MariaCristina Tanzi, Silvia Faré
In this work an innovative method to obtain natural and biocompatible small diameter tubular structures is proposed. The biocompatibility and good mechanical properties of electrospun silk fibroin tubular matrices (SFts), extensively studied for tissue engineering applications, have been coupled with the excellent cell interaction properties of gelatin. In fact, an innovative non-cytotoxic gelatin gel, crosslinked in mild conditions via a Michael-type addition reaction, has been used to coat SFt matrices and obtain SFt/gel structures (I...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389905/fibrin-glue-as-a-stabilization-strategy-in-peripheral-nerve-repair-when-using-porous-nerve-guidance-conduits
#5
Divya Bhatnagar, Jared S Bushman, N Sanjeeva Murthy, Antonio Merolli, Hilton M Kaplan, Joachim Kohn
Porous conduits provide a protected pathway for nerve regeneration, while still allowing exchange of nutrients and wastes. However, pore sizes >30 µm may permit fibrous tissue infiltration into the conduit, which may impede axonal regeneration. Coating the conduit with Fibrin Glue (FG) is one option for controlling the conduit's porosity. FG is extensively used in clinical peripheral nerve repair, as a tissue sealant, filler and drug-delivery matrix. Here, we compared the performance of FG to an alternative, hyaluronic acid (HA) as a coating for porous conduits, using uncoated porous conduits and reverse autografts as control groups...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386854/layer-by-layer-bioassembly-of-cellularized-polylactic-acid-porous-membranes-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#6
Vera Guduric, Carole Metz, Robin Siadous, Reine Bareille, Riccardo Levato, Elisabeth Engel, Jean-Christophe Fricain, Raphaël Devillard, Ognjan Luzanin, Sylvain Catros
The conventional tissue engineering is based on seeding of macroporous scaffold on its surface ("top-down" approach). The main limitation is poor cell viability in the middle of the scaffold due to poor diffusion of oxygen and nutrients and insufficient vascularization. Layer-by-Layer (LBL) bioassembly is based on "bottom-up" approach, which considers assembly of small cellularized blocks. The aim of this work was to evaluate proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in two and three dimensions (2D, 3D) using a LBL assembly of polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds fabricated by 3D printing...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386853/assessment-of-bone-regeneration-of-a-tissue-engineered-bone-complex-using-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-biphasic-calcium-phosphate-scaffold-constructs-in-rabbit-calvarial-defects
#7
Natkrita Wongsupa, Thongchai Nuntanaranont, Suttatip Kamolmattayakul, Nuttawut Thuaksuban
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of a fabricated combination of poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL)-biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) with the modified melt stretching and multilayer deposition (mMSMD) technique on human dental pulp stem cell (hDPSC) differentiation to be osteogenic like cells for bone regeneration of calvarial defects in rabbit models. hDPSCs extracted from human third molars were seeded onto mMSMD PCL-BCP scaffolds and the osteogenic gene expression was tested prior to implantation in vivo...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386852/polyurethane-siloxane-membranes-containing-graphene-oxide-nanoplatelets-as-antimicrobial-wound-dressings-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluations
#8
Elias Shams, Hamid Yeganeh, Hossein Naderi-Manesh, Reza Gharibi, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan
Preserving wounds from bacterial and fungal infections and retaining optimum moist environment over damaged tissue are major challenges in wound care management. Application of wound dressings with antimicrobial activity and appropriate wound exudates handling ability is of particular significance for promoting wound healing. To this end, preparation and evaluation of novel wound dres1sings made from polyurethane/siloxane network containing graphene oxide (GO) nanoplatelets are described. The particular sol-gel hydrolysis/condensation procedure applied for the preparation of dressings leads to an appropriate distribution of GO nanoplatelets in the dressing membranes...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386851/in-vivo-osseointegration-of-dental-implants-with-an-antimicrobial-peptide-coating
#9
X Chen, X C Zhou, S Liu, R F Wu, C Aparicio, J Y Wu
This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo osseointegration of implants with hydrophobic antimicrobial GL13K-peptide coating in rabbit femoral condyles by micro-CT and histological analysis. Six male Japanese Rabbits (4 months old and weighing 2.5 kg each) were included in this study. Twelve implants (3.75 mm wide, 7 mm long) were randomly distributed in two groups, with six implants in the experimental group coated with GL13K peptide and six implants in the control group without surface coating. Each implant in the test and the control group was randomly implanted in the left or right side of femoral condyles...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361281/europium-phenolic-network-coated-bagdf5-nanocomposites-for-tri-modal-computed-tomography-magnetic-resonance-luminescence-imaging
#10
Wei Zhu, Shuang Liang, Jing Wang, Zhe Yang, Li Zhang, Tianmeng Yuan, Zushun Xu, Haibo Xu, Penghui Li
Multifunctional nanocomposites based on BaGdF5 nanoparticles (NPs) and metal phenolic network (MPN) have been engineered as novel contrast agents for potential applications in X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance and luminescence imaging. The BaGdF5@MPN nanocomposites were synthesized at room temperature by coating BaGdF5 NPs with europium-phenolic network, which was obtained by the coordination of europium (III) with tannic acid (TA). The in vitro cytotoxicity assays against HepG2 cells revealed that the BaGdF5@MPN nanocomposites presented better cytocompatibility and lower cytotoxity than pure BaGdF5 NPs...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361280/temporary-skin-grafts-based-on-hybrid-graphene-oxide-natural-biopolymer-nanofibers-as-effective-wound-healing-substitutes-pre-clinical-and-pathological-studies-in-animal-models
#11
N Mahmoudi, N Eslahi, A Mehdipour, M Mohammadi, M Akbari, A Samadikuchaksaraei, A Simchi
In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361279/outcomes-after-hand-and-upper-extremity-transplantation
#12
Jaimie T Shores, Veronika Malek, W P Andrew Lee, Gerald Brandacher
Hand and upper extremity transplantation (HUET) has emerged as the most frequently performed reconstructive procedure in the burgeoning field of vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA). VCA refers to a form of transplant with multiple tissue types that represents a viable treatment option for devastating injuries where conventional reconstruction would be unable to restore form and function. As hand transplantation becomes increasingly more common, discussions on advantages and disadvantages of the procedure seem to intensify...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357689/porotic-paradox-distribution-of-cortical-bone-pore-sizes-at-nano-and-micro-levels-in-healthy-vs-fragile-human-bone
#13
Petar Milovanovic, Zorica Vukovic, Djordje Antonijevic, Danijela Djonic, Vladimir Zivkovic, Slobodan Nikolic, Marija Djuric
Bone is a remarkable biological nanocomposite material showing peculiar hierarchical organization from smaller (nano, micro) to larger (macro) length scales. Increased material porosity is considered as the main feature of fragile bone at larger length-scales. However, there is a shortage of quantitative information on bone porosity at smaller length-scales, as well as on the distribution of pore sizes in healthy vs. fragile bone. Therefore, here we investigated how healthy and fragile bones differ in pore volume and pore size distribution patterns, considering a wide range of mostly neglected pore sizes from nano to micron-length scales (7...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357688/uterus-transplantation-and-beyond
#14
Mats Brännström
Uterus transplantation is today the only available treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility which is caused by either congenital/surgical uterine absence or that a present uterus is non-functioning. Structured animal-based research, from rodents to nonhuman primates, was the scientific basis for a successful introduction of uterus transplantation as a clinical procedure. The patient groups for uterus transplantation, the preclinical research and data from the published human cases will be covered herein...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357687/efficacy-and-safety-of-non-suture-dural-closure-using-a-novel-dural-substitute-consisting-of-polyglycolic-acid-felt-and-fibrin-glue-to-prevent-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-a-non-controlled-open-label-multicenter-clinical-trial
#15
Shunsuke Terasaka, Toshiaki Taoka, Satoshi Kuroda, Nobutaka Mikuni, Toru Nishi, Hiroyuki Nakase, Yukihiko Fujii, Yasuhiko Hayashi, Jun-Ichi Murata, Ken-Ichiro Kikuta, Toshihiko Kuroiwa, Sachie Shimokawa, Kiyohiro Houkin
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-suture dural closure using a novel dural substitute (GM111) consisting of polyglycolic acid felt with a fibrin-glue-coated area commensurate in size with the dural defect. This was a non-controlled, open-label, multicenter clinical trial. The efficacy evaluation endpoints were (1) GM111's intra-operative capability to close dural defects and (2) prevention of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and subcutaneous CSF retention throughout the postoperative period (evaluated by diagnostic imaging)...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357686/evaluation-of-cell-interaction-with-polymeric-biomaterials-based-on-hyaluronic-acid-and-chitosan
#16
Mônica Helena Monteiro do Nascimento, Mariselma Ferreira, Sônia Maria Malmonge, Christiane Bertachini Lombello
Tissue engineering involves the development of new materials or devices capable of specific interactions with biological tissues, searching the use of biocompatible materials as scaffolds for in vitro cell growth, and functional tissue development, that is subsequently implanted into patient. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the initial aspects of cell interaction with the polymeric biomaterials blends based on hyaluronic acid with chitosan. The hypothesis approach involves synthesis and analysis of swelling and thermal degradation (thermal gravimetric analysis) of the polymer blend; and Vero cell interaction with the biomaterial, through analysis of cytotoxicity, adhesion and cell morphology...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337667/self-assembled-polyelectrolyte-complexes-films-as-efficient-compression-coating-layers-for-controlled-releasing-tablets
#17
Wenyan Li, Mengmeng Huo, Arka Sen Chaudhuri, Chen Yang, Dazhong Cao, Zhenghong Wu, Xiaole Qi
Currently, polysaccharide-based hydrogels are widely studied macromolecular networks to modify drug dissolution from controlled-releasing matrix tablets. Among them, polyelectrolyte complexes (PEC) films consisted of chitosan (CS) and sodium alginate (SA) could be obtained via spontaneously assembling under physiological gastrointestinal environment. Here, we utilized these self-assembled PEC films as an efficient coating materials to develop controlled-released matrix tablets through compression coating process, with paracetamol (APAP) as model drug...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332156/the-pathology-of-failed-mckee-farrar-implants-correlation-with-modern-metal-on-metal-implant-failure
#18
Mitsuru Munemoto, George Grammatopoulos, Yasuhito Tanaka, Max Gibbons, Nicholas A Athanasou
The McKee-Farrar (MF) prosthesis was the first widely used total hip replacement (THR) to employ a metal-on-metal (MoM) articulation. These implants had a high rate of early aseptic loosening but a number achieved good long-term implant survival, stimulating the reintroduction of second and third generation implants of this type. In this study we analysed archival histopathology of periprosthetic tissues in twenty cases of MF aseptic implant failure to determine if there was evidence of an innate and adaptive immune response similar to that seen in modern MoM implants...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321800/wear-of-morse-taper-and-external-hexagon-implant-joints-after-abutment-removal
#19
Abraão M Prado, Jorge Pereira, Filipe S Silva, Bruno Henriques, Rubens M Nascimento, Cesar A M Benfatti, José López-López, Júlio C M Souza
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the removal torque values on abutments and the morphological wear aspects of two different dental implant joints after immersion in a medium containing biofilm from human saliva. Twenty implant-abutment assemblies were divided into four groups in this study: (A) Morse taper free of medium containing biofilm, and (B) after contact with a medium containing biofilm from human saliva; (C) External Hexagon free of medium containing biofilm, and (D) after contact with medium containing biofilm from human saliva...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303433/the-decade-of-face-transplant-outcomes
#20
Maria Siemionow
At the 10th year anniversary of the first face transplantation, 37 patients worldwide, were the recipients of faces coming from human donors. Five patients died due to complications, noncompliance with immunosuppressive medications and development of cancer. Despite the initial debates and ethical concerns, face transplantation became a clinical reality with satisfactory functional outcomes. The areas of controversy still include the impact of life-long immunosuppression on otherwise healthy patients as well as the selection process of face transplant candidates...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
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