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Kathleen Gibson, Neil Khilnani, Marlin Schul, Mark Meissner
The American College of Phlebology Guidelines Committee performed a systematic review of the literature regarding the clinical impact and treatment of incompetent accessory saphenous veins. Using an accepted process for guideline developments, we developed a consensus opinion that patients with symptomatic incompetence of the accessory great saphenous veins (anterior and posterior accessory saphenous veins) be treated with endovenous thermal ablation (laser or radiofrequency) or ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy to eliminate symptomatology (Recommendation Grade 1C)...
October 13, 2016: Phlebology
Ronald Bush, Peggy Bush
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to determine by histological evaluation and clinical correlation the most effective sclerosant concentration of Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl sulfate) and Asclera® (polidocanol) for the treatment of leg telangiectasia. METHODS: Histological studies were completed on 40 patients, all of whom were female with a mean age of 53. After sclerotherapy with varying concentrations of sclerosant solutions for the treatment of 0.8 mm and 1 mm leg telangiectasia, histological specimens were examined for the following criteria: luminal changes, subintimal changes, smooth muscle wall alterations, and vessel wall integrity...
October 12, 2016: Phlebology
Mehmet Ş Bademci, Serkan Yazman, Tevfik Güneş, Gokhan Ocakoglu, Kaptanderya Tayfur, Orhan Gokalp
BACKGROUND: No work has been reported on the use of video websites to learn about deep vein thrombosis and the value of education using them. We examined the characteristics and scientific accuracy of videos related to deep vein thrombosis on YouTube. METHODS: YouTube was surveyed using no filter and the key words 'deep vein thrombosis' and 'leg vein clot' in June 2016. The videos evaluated were divided into three groups in terms of their scientific content, accuracy, and currency: useful, partly useful, and useless...
October 12, 2016: Phlebology
Lulu Tan, Kaichung Wong, David Connor, Babak Fakhim, Masud Behnia, Kurosh Parsi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of agitation on foam temperature. METHODS: Sodium tetradecyl sulphate and polidocanol were used. Prior to foam generation, the sclerosant and all constituent equipment were cooled to 4-25℃ and compared with cooling the sclerosant only. Foam was generated using a modified Tessari method. During foam agitation, the temperature change was measured using a thermocouple for 120 s. RESULTS: Pre-cooling all the constituent equipment resulted in a cooler foam in comparison with only cooling the sclerosant...
October 12, 2016: Phlebology
François-André Allaert, Eric Benzenine, Catherine Quantin
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to describe the hospital incidences and annual hospitalization rates for venous thromboembolic disease by age and sex in France and the United States on the closest possible methodological bases. METHODS: French statistics are from the PMSI MCO (Programme de médicalisation des système d'information de médecine, chirurgie et obstétrique (French national hospital discharge register)) national database. These are compiled for each calendar year by collating résumé de sortie anonymisé (RSA, anonymous discharge summary) files forwarded and validated by health establishments with admissions in medicine, surgery, obstetrics, and odontology...
October 4, 2016: Phlebology
Illymack Cf de Araújo, Elenice Defune, Luciana Pf Abbade, Hélio A Miot, Matheus Bertanha, Lídia R de Carvalho, Rosana R Ferreira, Winston B Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: Compare the efficacy and safety of fibrin gel to 8% papain gel for wound dressing of venous ulcers. METHOD: Patients with chronic venous ulcers were randomly assigned to one in three groups: Group 1-fibrin gel; Group 2-8% papain gel; Group 3-carbopol gel (control). Patients were seen every 15 days during 2 months, verifying reduction of the ulcer area, local infection, exudation, and epithelization. All serious or nonserious adverse events were recorded...
October 4, 2016: Phlebology
Johanna Aronniemi, Jouko Lohi, Päivi Salminen, Pia Vuola, Kimmo Lappalainen, Anne Pitkäranta, Johanna Pekkola
BACKGROUND: We aimed to improve management of extremity low-flow vascular malformations by analyzing the histology and imaging of venous malformations (VMs) not responsive to sclerotherapy. METHOD: We reviewed patient records of 102 consecutive patients treated with sclerotherapy for extremity VM in our institution to identify patients who had undergone surgery due to insufficient response. We semi-quantitatively analysed the tissue specimens and compared histological findings to those in preoperative imaging...
September 29, 2016: Phlebology
Omar Rodriguez-Acevedo, Kristen E Elstner, Kui Martinic, Aaron Zea, Jenny Diaz, Rodrigo T Martins, Fernando Arduini, Alexandra Hodgkinson, Nabeel Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Endovenous radio frequency ablation for small saphenous vein incompetence by and large appears to be superior and safer than conventional open surgery. Small saphenous vein ablation from approximately mid-calf to the point proximally where the small saphenous vein dives into the popliteal fossa is considered to be safe, as the sural nerve is in most cases separated from this segment of the small saphenous vein by the deep fascia. The outcome of the distal incompetent small saphenous vein remains unclear...
September 29, 2016: Phlebology
Gábor Martis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2016: Phlebology
Cestmir Recek
Varicose vein disease is characterized by tenacious tendency to recur. Measures recommended to prevent recurrences (flush ligation at the saphenofemoral junction, removal of incompetent great saphenous vein in the thigh, and insertion of mechanical barriers in the fossa ovalis) did not succeed in preventing recurrence. Reflux recurrence is triggered by the hemodynamic phenomenon called hemodynamic paradox. Abolition of saphenous reflux removes the hemodynamic disturbance of any degree of severity but at the same time it releases the pathological process leading to recurrent reflux...
August 31, 2016: Phlebology
Anthony J Comerota, Robert J Min, Suman W Rathbun, Neil Khilnani, Thom Rooke, Thomas W Wakefield, Teresa L Carman, Fedor Lurie, Suresh Vedantham, Steven E Zimmet
BACKGROUND: In every field of medicine, comprehensive education should be delivered at the graduate level. Currently, no single specialty routinely provides a standardized comprehensive curriculum in venous and lymphatic disease. METHOD: The American Board of Venous & Lymphatic Medicine formed a task force, made up of experts from the specialties of dermatology, family practice, interventional radiology, interventional cardiology, phlebology, vascular medicine, and vascular surgery, to develop a consensus document describing the program requirements for fellowship medical education in venous and lymphatic medicine...
August 17, 2016: Phlebology
K H Moon, B Dharmarajah, R Bootun, C S Lim, Tra Lane, H M Moore, K Sritharan, A H Davies
OBJECTIVE: Mechanochemical ablation is a novel technique for ablation of varicose veins utilising a rotating catheter and liquid sclerosant. Mechanochemical ablation and radiofrequency ablation have no reported neurological side-effect but the rotating mechanism of mechanochemical ablation may produce microbubbles. Air emboli have been implicated as a cause of cerebrovascular events during ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy and microbubbles in the heart during ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy have been demonstrated...
August 10, 2016: Phlebology
Igor Banzic, Milos Brankovic, Živan Maksimović, Lazar Davidović, Miroslav Marković, Zoran Rančić
OBJECTIVES: Parkes Weber syndrome is a congenital vascular malformation which consists of capillary malformation, venous malformation, lymphatic malformation, and arteriovenous malformation. Although Parkes Weber syndrome is a clinically distinctive entity with serious complications, it is still frequently misdiagnosed as Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome that consists of the triad capillary malformation, venous malformation, and lymphatic malformation. METHODS: We performed a systematic review investigating clinical, diagnostic, and treatment modalities of Parkes Weber syndrome (PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases)...
August 9, 2016: Phlebology
L Kabnick, J Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Phlebology
Sumera Ali, Clifford R Weiss, Amitasha Sinha, John Eng, Sally E Mitchell
PURPOSE: We report a retrospective analysis of venous malformation patients treated with percutaneous sclerotherapy, describing their clinical manifestations, therapeutic outcomes and procedural complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed our Vascular Anomalies database for all patients who underwent percutaneous sclerotherapy for venous malformation between January 2005 and July 2011 and retrieved 186 patients, out of which 116 were included in the final analysis...
October 2016: Phlebology
Byung-Boong Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Phlebology
Nisarat Dhanarak, Burapa Kanchanabat
OBJECTIVEW: To investigate venous histopathology of chronic venous insufficiency and varicose patients (C2). METHODS: Retrospective review of venous histopathology of 52 patients (13, 8, 2, and 28 were C2, C4, C5 and C6). RESULTS: The intimal thickness, intimal fibrosis, total thickness and intimal/total thickness ratio were highest in venous clinical severity score 0, 1 chronic venous insufficiency (no or minimal varicosity) follow by Venous Clinical Severity Score 2,3 chronic venous insufficiency (trunkal varice) and C2 veins (mean intimal thickness 62, 36, 26 µm, mean intimal fibrosis 74%, 72%, 65%, mean total thickness 184, 159, 133 µm, mean intimal/total thickness ratio 0...
October 2016: Phlebology
Huw Ob Davies, Matthew Popplewell, Gareth Bate, Lisa Kelly, Katy Darvall, Andrew W Bradbury
OBJECTIVE: Although varicose veins are a common cause of morbidity, the UK National Health Service and private medical insurers have previously sought to ration their treatment in a non-evidence based manner in order to limit health-care expenditure and reimbursement. In July 2013, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence published new national Clinical Guidelines (CG168) to promote evidence-based commissioning and management of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of CG168 on the referral and management of varicose veins at the Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK...
October 2016: Phlebology
Xu Yongbo, Han Wei, Wang Lei, Zhao Jianhua, Wang Tao, Tang Jinyuan, Li Kun, Chu Haibo
OBJECTIVE: Disordered programmed cell death may play a role in the development of superficial venous incompetence. We have determined the number of cells undergoing apoptosis and the alterations in the apoptotic level in the wall of different segments of the great saphenous varicose vein. METHODS: Twenty-one varicose great saphenous veins (VGSVs) (varicose group) and 12 normal great saphenous veins (GSVs) (control group) were collected, and the apoptosis level in the upper, middle, and lower segments were immunohistochemically stained with antibodies (anti-Bax and anti-Bcl-xl)...
October 2016: Phlebology
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