Read by QxMD icon Read

Nursing Standard

Samantha Dorney-Smith, Kendra Schneller, Serena Aboim, Maxine Radcliffe, Nicky Tanner, Rosa Ungpakorn, Ruth O'Brien, Amy Hall
People experiencing homelessness have unique healthcare and health promotion needs. This article provides nurses with information on the healthcare challenges that commonly affect people who are experiencing homelessness, and outlines various effective nurse-led interventions that can be implemented. It provides examples of nurse-led health promotion projects, which demonstrate how a collaborative approach can improve the healthcare experiences of this patient group. This article also examines the issue of homelessness and mental capacity, as well as explaining the role of physical health outreach services in caring for people experiencing homelessness...
September 20, 2018: Nursing Standard
Nicholas Woolfe Loftus, Duncan Smith
Deteriorating patients often present with suboptimal vital signs. If these are not recognised by healthcare staff, the patient's condition can deteriorate further, potentially leading to serious complications and even death. Despite efforts to improve ward nurses' recognition of, and responses to, deteriorating patients, this aspect of care has been found to be suboptimal. AIM: To identify factors that influence ward nurses' responses to deteriorating patients. METHOD: A literature review was undertaken, based on the research question 'What factors influence the trigger component of ward-based registered nurses' afferent response to deteriorating patients?' Several electronic databases were searched electronically to identify relevant articles, alongside hand-searching...
September 18, 2018: Nursing Standard
Emily Carne
Chronic spontaneous urticaria is characterised by the spontaneous appearance of hives or wheals, and/or angioedema, lasting for at least six weeks. The condition may be associated with significant physical and emotional burden for patients. Nurses have an important role in the differential diagnosis of chronic spontaneous urticaria, assessing patients' quality of life, providing advice on non-pharmacological measures, monitoring the patient's response to treatment, and referring the patient for specialist care, where appropriate...
September 13, 2018: Nursing Standard
Phil Cotterell
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) is a progressive neurodegenerative condition that causes various motor and non-motor symptoms and will often have life-changing effects for those with the condition, as well as for their family and carers. Nurses can make a significant difference to the lives of those affected by Parkinson's disease, whether in the acute setting, community setting or in care homes. This article explores the causes and progressive clinical pathway of IPD using an evidence-based approach. It emphasises the valuable role of the multidisciplinary team and of the nurse, in particular, in monitoring and improving the quality of life of those with the condition and their family and carers...
September 10, 2018: Nursing Standard
Lucy Webb
Nurses require effective communication and interpersonal skills to provide optimal care, and to ensure that patients and their families and carers have a positive experience of receiving care. The new Nursing and Midwifery Council standards of proficiency for registered nurses, and for nurse education and training, published in May 2018, recognise that future nurses will be practising in increasingly complex roles and environments. This article identifies the essential communication skills that will be required by nurses in the future, summarising the characteristics of a modern nurse communicator...
September 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
Alison Pottle
The role of nurse consultant was introduced in the late 1990s to strengthen leadership in nursing, improve patient outcomes and enhance the quality of healthcare services. Nurse consultants have a wide-ranging remit that includes expert practice, professional leadership and consultancy, education, and service development. In this article, the author reflects on her experience of being one of the first nurse consultants, which included setting up nurse-led clinics, maintaining professional relationships with medical colleagues and assuming increasing responsibility for services...
August 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
Caroline Barratt
Discussions about the sustainability of the healthcare workforce have placed considerable emphasis on improving the resilience of healthcare professionals. However, when discussed in relation to individuals, the contextual aspects of resilience are often lost. This means that individuals are burdened with the responsibility of increasing their resilience so that they can better manage the challenges they experience, rather than examining the external and environmental factors that can affect resilience. This article explores the concept of resilience and suggests ways in which resilience can be developed by individuals and in collaboration with others, resulting in resilient healthcare teams and organisations capable of supporting individuals effectively...
August 28, 2018: Nursing Standard
Cathy Liddle
There has been an increase in the number of patients requiring surgery who also have complex medical needs. Factors such as being overweight, the presence of significant comorbidities and an ageing population increase the risks associated with surgical procedures for these individuals. As a result, nurses involved in assessing patients and providing preoperative care require knowledge and understanding of the latest evidence in this area to optimise patient care and outcomes following surgery. This article suggests that optimal outcomes can be achieved by preparing patients for surgery in a holistic manner...
August 24, 2018: Nursing Standard
Christopher Stephen Clare
Stroke is a leading cause of death and adult disability in the UK. A stroke can have significant negative effects on the lives of patients and their families and carers. While improved stroke management has contributed to a reduction in mortality and improved outcomes following rehabilitation, the incidence of stroke continues to rise in the UK, partly because of the ageing population. Stroke rehabilitation involves a multidisciplinary approach, with nurses performing a central role. This article describes the risk factors and types of stroke, the main areas of stroke rehabilitation and the role of the nurse...
August 22, 2018: Nursing Standard
Alison Bardsley
While urinary tract infections (UTIs) are uncommon in healthy men aged under 50 years, their prevalence rises in men aged over 65 years. UTIs can be classified as uncomplicated or complicated. UTI in men is considered to be more complicated than in women, because it is often related to abnormalities of the urinary tract, such as prostatic enlargement or a urethral stricture. UTI is associated with a significant disease burden and cost to patients and healthcare organisations. It is one of the most common reasons for prescription of antibiotics in primary care; however, because antibiotic resistance is becoming increasingly widespread, it is essential that these drugs are used prudently...
July 27, 2018: Nursing Standard
Heather Gluyas
Medication errors involving patients are a serious concern in healthcare practice. Nurses, more than any other healthcare professional group, are principally involved in medicines administration. This article recognises the complexity of why medication errors occur and considers the many factors involved, including those from an individual and organisational system perspective. It adopts a solution-focused approach, based on the evidence underpinning the knowledge of medication errors.
July 18, 2018: Nursing Standard
Jacquie Peck
Colorectal (bowel) cancer remains a common disease, particularly in developed countries. If diagnosed early, it has a high five-year survival rate, yet the disease remains a significant cause of mortality. This article aims to improve nurses' understanding of the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer, and the role of all nurses in supporting early diagnosis and providing follow-up care. It also discusses the available treatment options for colorectal cancer, enabling nurses to offer informed care to patients, who in turn, can make informed decisions about their treatment...
July 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
Carolyn Johnstone
Acute pancreatitis is a potentially life-threatening condition primarily associated with gallstones or prolonged and excessive alcohol intake. Although the initial triggers of the condition can vary, the resulting pathophysiology is broadly similar irrespective of the cause. This article explores the pathophysiology of the main causes of acute pancreatitis, and discusses nursing management of the condition in the acute setting and the long-term issues to consider. It also outlines the conservative management of the condition, which includes pain management, provision of fluids and nutritional care...
June 28, 2018: Nursing Standard
David Ladenheim
Antimicrobial resistance is a significant public health issue and a major threat to global health. The solutions are multifactorial, and include: a reduction in the unnecessary use of antibiotics; public health campaigns; the use of systems approaches by healthcare organisations; and involving the knowledge and responsibilities of individual nurses. This article examines the challenge of antimicrobial resistance and explores the concept of antimicrobial stewardship in addressing this issue. It also discusses how nurses can contribute to a systems approach in primary and secondary care to support antimicrobial stewardship initiatives...
September 1, 2018: Nursing Standard
Katy Cowan, Anwen Davies
Blood component transfusion, commonly referred to as 'blood transfusion', is a general term for the transfusion of red blood cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate or white blood cells directly into a patient's circulation. This is usually undertaken via intravenous administration. This article aims to assist nurses in the safe and effective administration of blood components. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence based. Apply this article to your practice...
July 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
Theresa Smyth
Hypoglycaemia is a potentially serious complication of diabetes mellitus in which an individual's blood glucose drops to dangerously low levels. This can cause signs and symptoms such as sweating, confusion and unusual behaviour and, if untreated, may lead to unconsciousness and death. Hypoglycaemia is a side effect of some treatments for diabetes, whereby injected insulin or oral medicines that stimulate insulin secretion cause an abnormally low blood glucose level. Nurses have an important role in educating and empowering patients and their families and carers to manage diabetes to prevent hypoglycaemia, and to initiate prompt treatment of this complication...
July 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
Aled Jones, Helen Whyley, Joanna Doyle, Lesley Bevan
Nurses and the environment in which they work have an important role in patient safety and quality of care. Evidence demonstrates a link between lower nurse staffing levels and higher nurse workloads on hospital wards with adverse patient outcomes such as increased mortality, infections, falls and hospital stay, as well as adverse effects on staff well-being. Therefore, ensuring adequate numbers of nurses are on duty and available to care for patients safely has become a crucial task for nurses and hospital managers...
July 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
Elizabeth Allibone, Tania Soares, Alexandra Wilson
Nurses have an important role in early identification of factors that can compromise oxygen delivery to the lungs and tissues in the body, and in ensuring that patients who may require supplemental oxygen therapy are assessed and managed safely and competently. This article provides an overview of the anatomy and physiology in relation to oxygen delivery to the lungs and tissues in the body, and outlines the common indications and contraindications for supplemental oxygen therapy. It also discusses the approaches that nurses can adopt to assess a patient's clinical need for supplemental oxygen therapy, as well as the safety considerations required...
July 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
Christopher Williams, Emma Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2018: Nursing Standard
David Thomas Evans, Mark Dukes
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first labelled as a new illness in 1981; it took two more years to discover a causative virus, which was named human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 1985. Nurses who practised during those times may recall the fear, panic, stigma, ethical dilemmas and refusals to care that were associated with the pandemic. Four decades later, HIV can be considered a long-term condition rather than a life-limiting disease, as a result of developments in treatment. However, the UK has the highest number of people living with the virus since the pandemic was first identified, and there remains a need to challenge stigma and prejudice in relation to HIV and AIDS, to ensure that people receive timely access to HIV testing, treatment and preventive measures...
June 20, 2018: Nursing Standard
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"