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Nursing Standard

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998649/how-to-assist-in-emergency-tracheal-intubation
#1
Christopher Williams, Emma Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972292/role-of-nurses-in-alcohol-screening-and-treatment-interventions
#2
Ian Webzell
Alcohol consumption can be a positive factor in many people's social lives, but for some individuals it may cause associated harm to their health. Alcohol consumption can also place a burden on healthcare services. This article explores the trends of alcohol use, primarily in the UK, and outlines the related health effects. The author reviews the screening and brief interventions that non-specialist nurses can use, in partnership with patients, where they have concerns regarding patients' alcohol use and its potentially harmful health effects...
July 4, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972291/effective-infection-prevention-and-control-the-nurse-s-role
#3
Emma Burnett
Healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance are significant threats to public health. As resistant organisms continue to emerge and evolve, and antimicrobial agents become less effective, infection prevention and control remains a vital aspect of maintaining public health, particularly among vulnerable patient groups such as older people and young children. Because of the increasing complexity of healthcare treatments and interventions, patients are becoming increasingly susceptible to healthcare-associated infections and resistant organisms...
July 4, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963788/presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#4
Jacquie Peck
Colorectal (bowel) cancer remains a common disease, particularly in developed countries. If diagnosed early, it has a high five-year survival rate, yet the disease remains a significant cause of mortality. This article aims to improve nurses' understanding of the signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer, and the role of all nurses in supporting early diagnosis and providing follow-up care. It also discusses the available treatment options for colorectal cancer, enabling nurses to offer informed care to patients, who in turn, can make informed decisions about their treatment...
July 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952150/pathophysiology-and-nursing-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Carolyn Johnstone
Acute pancreatitis is a potentially life-threatening condition primarily associated with gallstones or prolonged and excessive alcohol intake. Although the initial triggers of the condition can vary, the resulting pathophysiology is broadly similar irrespective of the cause. This article explores the pathophysiology of the main causes of acute pancreatitis, and discusses nursing management of the condition in the acute setting and the long-term issues to consider. It also outlines the conservative management of the condition, which includes pain management, provision of fluids and nutritional care...
June 28, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938449/assessing-and-managing-communication-needs-in-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#6
Helen Rees, Claudia Forrest, Gareth Rees
Effective communication is essential to maintain mental health and resilience. Communication can be challenging for people who experience serious mental illness (SMI), which can be a barrier to social, employment and educational opportunities, as well as increasing their risk of experiencing abuse. Therefore, it is important that nurses who work with individuals experiencing SMI understand the assessment and management of specific communication, speech and language needs. This article focuses on five areas of communication, speech and language - receptive language, expressive language, speech, social communication and swallowing - to increase nurses' confidence in assessing communication needs and making appropriate referrals to speech and language therapy services...
June 25, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923694/current-approaches-to-hiv-prevention-treatment-and-care
#7
David Thomas Evans, Mark Dukes
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first labelled as a new illness in 1981; it took two more years to discover a causative virus, which was named human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 1985. Nurses who practised during those times may recall the fear, panic, stigma, ethical dilemmas and refusals to care that were associated with the pandemic. Four decades later, HIV can be considered a long-term condition rather than a life-limiting disease, as a result of developments in treatment. However, the UK has the highest number of people living with the virus since the pandemic was first identified, and there remains a need to challenge stigma and prejudice in relation to HIV and AIDS, to ensure that people receive timely access to HIV testing, treatment and preventive measures...
June 20, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856167/role-of-front-line-nurse-leadership-in-improving-care
#8
Paul Whitby
Healthcare professionals continue to debate how to address the issues of suboptimal care, neglect and abuse in healthcare settings. One solution that is likely to achieve improvements in care is the widespread development of leadership skills in front-line nurses. The behaviour of front-line nurses is a major determinant of patients' healthcare experience and their perception of the quality of care they receive. Front-line leaders in healthcare settings such as wards, care homes and clinics are the people with the strongest and most immediate influence on staff behaviour...
June 1, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873473/nutritional-requirements-in-malnutrition-and-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Alethea Donnelly
Working in partnership with patients to achieve optimal nutritional status, regardless of their underlying condition, is an important aspect of nursing care. This article examines malnutrition and diabetes mellitus, which are two common conditions that can have significant implications for patients' health and diet. It emphasises that, when managing patients with malnutrition or diabetes, nurses should undertake careful assessment of their nutritional requirements, tailoring interventions to the individual and involving family and carers where appropriate...
June 6, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873472/advances-in-the-pharmacological-management-of-acute-and-chronic-pain
#10
Felicia Cox
Effective management of acute and chronic pain is an important aspect of nursing practice. Relieving patients' pain requires nurses to have an understanding of the latest evidence-based approaches, which will enable them to assess pain, implement appropriate management strategies and monitor their effectiveness. This article outlines the developments in evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for the pharmacological management of acute and chronic pain, including migraine, and in the use of analgesics such as opioids...
June 6, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873471/procedural-pain-management-in-patients-with-cancer
#11
Eamon McMonagle
Pain has been identified as one of the most significant factors in patients' experience of cancer and its treatment. Pain experienced during cancer treatment procedures such as radiotherapy can be unpleasant and distressing for the patient, as well as for their family and carers. Nurses have an important role in assessing and managing any pain associated with such procedures. This article explores the procedural pain that may be experienced by patients in general, and by those with cancer specifically, and details the pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies that nurses can use to manage this challenging complication...
June 6, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808970/effects-of-singing-groups-on-staff-well-being-a-feasibility-study
#12
Ann Skingley, Louise Ross
AIMS: To determine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining staff 'singing for well-being' groups over three months and the acceptability of the proposed intervention and data collection methods, and to explore the potential effects of singing groups on staff well-being. METHOD: This was a feasibility study that used a two-group wait-list crossover design. Standardised measures of well-being, engagement, burnout and organisational commitment were used, alongside participant feedback...
May 6, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781257/providing-nutritional-support-for-patients-in-critical-care
#13
Lorraine Mutrie, Barry Hill
The provision of nutritional support for patients who are critically ill is complex and multifaceted, in part because of the variety and complexity of potential clinical presentations. This article explores the importance of providing nutritional support for patients who are critically ill and explains the pathophysiology of nutrition in altered health states. It discusses nutritional screening and assessment, the various routes of nutrition administration and the nursing considerations involved in providing nutritional support in critical care...
May 6, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697213/diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Kay Elliott
Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia and is the most frequent arrhythmia experienced by older people. It is caused by chaotic electrical activity in the atria, leading to an irregular and often rapid heart rate. Atrial fibrillation is associated with an increased risk of ischaemic stroke, resulting from the turbulent blood flow in the atria. This article details the presentation of, and risk factors associated with, developing atrial fibrillation, the importance of reducing the risk of adverse events such as stroke, and the treatment options available...
May 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696834/how-to-record-a-12-lead-electrocardiogram
#15
Emma Menzies-Gow
This article provides a step-wise, practical approach to recording a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and explores the evidence base that supports the use of this important assessment tool in clinical practice. •A 12-lead ECG is frequently used in a variety of clinical settings, including emergency care, preoperative and post-operative assessment, and primary care. It is used to assess and diagnose patients with suspected arrhythmias, hypertension, coronary heart disease or heart failure.•Correct positioning of the electrodes using anatomical landmarks is essential to ensure an accurate and high-quality ECG recording...
May 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687686/nursing-management-of-patients-with-faecal-incontinence
#16
Mariama Barrie
Faecal incontinence is a condition that can develop as a result of age, injury or long-term conditions, and may be associated with significant stigma for those affected. Symptoms of faecal incontinence include leakage of flatus and faeces, and the condition can affect people of any age, although it is most prevalent in older people. Faecal incontinence is a subject that might not be openly discussed by patients and healthcare professionals; therefore, it is important for nurses to be aware of its signs, symptoms, causes and risk factors, so that they can identify patients at high risk...
May 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676877/assessment-and-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#17
Ellie Stewart
Urinary incontinence is a common and usually hidden issue that can affect women of all ages. It is often ignored by the patient because of their misconception that incontinence is an inevitable consequence of ageing and their low expectations of successful treatment. There are various types of incontinence, with symptoms that can significantly affect patients' quality of life. This article aims to enhance nurses' understanding of the types of urinary incontinence affecting women, associated risk factors and continence assessment, as well as the initial investigations and conservative treatments that can be instigated by general nurses...
May 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676876/exploring-the-role-of-advanced-nurse-practitioners-in-leadership
#18
Claire Anderson
There have been several changes to healthcare services in the UK over recent years, with rising NHS costs and increasing demands on healthcare professionals to deliver high-quality care. Simultaneously, public inquiries have identified suboptimal leadership throughout the NHS, which has been linked to a lack of clear leadership across the healthcare professions. In nursing, the role of the advanced nurse practitioner is regarded as a solution to this leadership challenge. This article examines the background to the development of the advanced nurse practitioner role...
May 2, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583172/collaborative-communication-learning-from-advanced-clinical-practice-patient-consultations
#19
Julian Barratt
Advanced nurse practitioners, and nurses aspiring to this role, are required to understand how to communicate effectively and on a collaborative basis with patients and carers during consultations, with the aim of enhancing patient outcomes such as improved patient satisfaction, ability to self-manage healthcare needs and adherence to care plans. This article explores collaborative communication in consultations and how best to achieve this, using the author's doctoral observational research based on the findings of a mixed methods observational study of communication in advanced clinical practice patient consultations...
April 28, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583171/meeting-the-needs-of-carers-of-people-at-the-end-of-life
#20
Beth Hardy
Carers have a vital role in end of life care in all settings. They are essential in enabling people to live at home at the end of their lives. Carers give and receive care, and have a range of support needs related to this complex role. This article explores the context of caring at the end of life and considers the experience of carers, in particular those who have a non-professional and unpaid relationship with someone who is at the end of life, and the support they require.
April 28, 2018: Nursing Standard
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