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Nursing Standard

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341552/developing-the-organisational-culture-in-a-healthcare-setting
#1
Adele Nightingale
This article aims to define organisational culture and explain why it is important to patients, carers and those working in healthcare environments. Organisational culture is not a new concept and the literature on the subject is well-established. However, because of the changing dynamics of the NHS, there has been a shift away from 'what' the NHS stands for, often relating to its history and rituals, to 'who' it functions for, including how healthcare professionals such as nurses can develop and drive the organisational culture...
January 17, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341551/reflection-on-curative-treatment-versus-palliation-of-symptoms-in-end-of-life-care
#2
Teresa Bridget Dowling
The conflicting tasks of treating or managing disease and preparing patients and their families for the end of life are well documented in haematology and palliative care settings. This article is a reflection on practice by a nursing student who was in the fourth year of an internship, and discusses a case study involving a woman at the end of life. It considers the approach to palliative and end of life care adopted in an oncology and haematology ward where there was a reluctance to be realistic about the limitations of treatments among some healthcare practitioners, who did not want to dispel unrealistic expectations of the patient's recovery as a result of continuing treatment...
January 17, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341550/health-stewardship-a-concept-for-best-health-outcomes
#3
Maria Donnelley
The concept of health stewardship and responsibility for self, marks a shift from adopting a paternalistic approach to care, with decision-making the main remit of healthcare practitioners, towards encouraging and empowering individuals to take increasing responsibility for their healthcare and outcomes. The main aim of nursing is to achieve optimal health outcomes for every patient. Exploring health stewardship as a path to wellness will assist healthcare practitioners to guide patients living with a chronic disease to be as healthy as possible...
January 17, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319275/undertaking-drug-calculations-for-intravenous-medicines-and-infusions
#4
Jane Brindley
Drug calculations for intravenous (IV) medicines and infusions are more complex than those for oral medicines. This article aims to assist nurses in evaluating and improving their competence in undertaking drug calculations for the IV route. Although nurses enter the professional register with an assessed level of medicines competence, nursing is a dynamic profession and competency can decrease over time, with literature demonstrating that nurses often have suboptimal drug calculation skills. This article enables nursing students to enhance their knowledge and understanding of IV drug calculations, and registered nurses to revisit this essential nursing skill...
January 10, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319274/evaluating-a-co-facilitation-approach-to-service-user-and-carer-involvement-in-undergraduate-nurse-education
#5
Anne Felton, Joan Cook, Roni Anthony
Partnership working with service users and carers is an integral aspect of healthcare practice and education. Increasingly complex healthcare environments, alongside changes in higher education, have led to the development of innovative learning strategies, resulting in opportunities for service users to participate in nurse education. This article describes the planning, implementation and evaluation of a co-facilitation approach to learning, in which service users and carers worked alongside lecturers to facilitate small seminar group activities with first-year undergraduate nursing students...
January 10, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319273/how-to-undertake-a-root-cause-analysis-investigation-to-improve-patient-safety
#6
Elizabeth Haxby, Caroline Shuldham
Root cause analysis is a tool that can be used when determining how and why a patient safety incident has occurred. Incidents that usually require a root cause analysis include the unexpected death of a patient, serious pressure ulcers, falls that result in injury, and some infections and medication errors. This article outlines the stages of the investigation process for undertaking a root cause analysis. REFLECTIVE ACTIVITY: 'How to' articles can help update your practice and ensure it remains evidence-based...
January 10, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250940/role-of-nursing-leadership-in-providing-compassionate-care
#7
Barry Quinn
This article encourages nurses to explore the concept of leadership in the constantly changing field of health and social care. All nurses have an important role in leadership, and they should consider what type of leader they want to be and what leadership skills they might wish to develop. This article examines what leadership might involve, exploring various leadership styles and characteristics and how these could be applied in nurses' practice. A core component of nursing and nursing leadership is the ability to provide compassionate care...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250939/legal-ethical-and-professional-aspects-of-duty-of-care-for-nurses
#8
Iwan Dowie
Duty of care is a fundamental aspect of nursing, and many nurses consider this to be an important part of their professional duties as a nurse. However, the legal underpinnings of duty of care are often overlooked, and, as such, nurses may be unsure about when to act if they encounter emergency situations or serious incidents, especially when they are off duty. This article examines the legal, ethical and professional aspects of duty of care, what these mean for nurses in practice, and how duty of care is intrinsically linked with standards of care and negligence...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250938/how-to-administer-an-insulin-injection
#9
Tracey Curtis, Sarah Moutter
Effective insulin injection technique is essential to ensure optimal management of diabetes. Those who administer insulin should understand how it works, in particular its link to blood glucose levels.
December 13, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210536/hiv-and-aids-an-overview-of-the-current-issues-treatment-and-prevention
#10
Elizabeth Anne Crock
The theme of World AIDS Day 2017 is 'let's end it'. After almost 40 years since the first occurrences of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is possible to envision an end to the HIV epidemic, one of the most serious health and development challenges humanity has faced. This article provides an overview of the current approaches to the treatment, care and support of people living with HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It also discusses the challenges associated with HIV and AIDS that remain, HIV prevention strategies, and the nurse's role in caring for people living with HIV...
December 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210535/assessment-care-and-management-of-patients-with-red-eye
#11
Susan Watkinson, Ramesh Seewoodhary
Red eye is a common ocular presentation in primary care, and there are several challenges that healthcare practitioners may encounter when caring for such patients. The main ocular conditions that can give rise to red eye are: primary acute angle closure glaucoma, acute iritis, dry eye, blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Red eye can be classified as sight-threatening or non-sight-threatening. Many patients presenting with painless red eye and normal vision usually recover well. However, when red eye is associated with pain, photophobia, watering and blurred vision, it is potentially sight-threatening and must be addressed urgently...
December 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210534/antiepileptic-drugs-for-the-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-seizures-in-viral-encephalitis
#12
Kate Rowan-Robinson
The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
December 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185642/using-the-abcde-approach-to-assess-the-deteriorating-patient
#13
Duncan Smith, Tracey Bowden
Patients who deteriorate without recognition or timely interventions are at risk of critical care admission and increased morbidity or mortality. This article outlines the systematic ABCDE (airway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure) approach to patient assessment, which enables healthcare practitioners to identify and respond to life-threatening conditions in order of priority. The patient's vital signs should be measured as part of the ABCDE assessment and recorded using a track and trigger tool to enhance recognition of physiological abnormalities that signal deterioration...
November 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185641/development-and-regulation-of-advanced-nurse-practitioners-in-the-uk-and-internationally
#14
Rachel King, Angela Tod, Tom Sanders
The NHS in the UK is under increasing pressure as a result of financial and recruitment issues, as well as an ageing population. Nursing has continued to adapt to this challenging time. Over the past few years, the advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) role has been implemented widely in primary and secondary care. However, the ANP role has lacked consistency in scope of practice, training and regulation. This article summarises the development of the ANP role in the UK and internationally, and issues relating to regulation...
November 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185640/ambulatory-and-short-burst-oxygen-for-interstitial-lung-disease
#15
Debbi Atkinson
The mission of the Cochrane Nursing Care Field (CNCF) is to improve health outcomes through increasing the use of the Cochrane Library and supporting Cochrane's role by providing an evidence base for nurses and healthcare professionals who deliver, lead or research nursing care. The CNCF produces Cochrane Corner columns, summaries of recent nursing-care-relevant Cochrane Reviews that are regularly published in collaborating nursing-related journals. Information on the processes CNCF has developed can be accessed at: cncf...
November 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171248/methods-of-contraception-the-nurse-s-role-in-providing-care-and-advice
#16
Sally Kelsey
Most women require contraception during their reproductive years, and many methods are available. Women should have access to all of these methods and be encouraged to take an active role in decision-making about their choice of contraceptive, within medical eligibility constraints. Long-acting reversible contraceptives are more effective than user-dependent methods, such as condoms, and should be offered to all women during contraceptive consultations. In primary care settings, nurses often provide much basic contraception care and advice...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171247/care-of-patients-undergoing-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critical-care
#17
Susan Elliott, Nicola Morrell-Scott
There are several reasons why mechanical ventilation - the use of an artificial device to assist a patient to breathe - may be initiated, for example to enable general anaesthesia for patients undergoing surgery, and for those with a compromised airway or respiratory failure. It is important that critical care nurses have the skills and knowledge to care for patients who are undergoing weaning from mechanical ventilation. This is to ensure that patients are weaned safely and as soon as possible, to improve their outcomes and avoid an increase in patient mortality and morbidity through complications that can arise such as airway trauma and ventilator-associated pneumonia...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139627/understanding-and-meeting-your-legal-responsibilities-as-a-nurse
#18
Louise Terry, Graham Carr, Yvonne Halpin
Nurses, midwives and nursing students are legally responsible for their actions. This article discusses the legal standard of care required in relation to nursing and midwifery practice and nurses' professional standards and code of conduct. It examines how courts in the UK determine if nurses have met their duty of care and how nurses must ensure they maintain competence to provide safe care. It examines why organisational knowing - understanding the organisation in which one is employed; its people, values and how it works - is important for all nurses, regardless of their level in the organisation...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139626/errors-in-the-nursing-management-of-a-deteriorating-patient
#19
Heather Gluyas
Effective management of the deteriorating patient requires early recognition of the signs of deterioration, timely review and appropriate interventions. However, this does not always occur. Errors in the recognition and management of a deteriorating patient are rarely related to a single factor; rather they are a complex interaction of system and human factors. This article presents a case study focusing on understanding the factors that led to errors resulting in the death of a patient. Understanding the complex interaction of system and human factors enables the identification of strategies that could be used to decrease the likelihood of a similar incident occurring...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119744/cardiac-monitoring-and-the-use-of-a-systematic-approach-in-interpreting-electrocardiogram-rhythms
#20
Richard Hatchett
Attaching a patient to a cardiac monitor and obtaining a clear electrocardiogram (ECG) trace may now be considered basic nursing skills. In line with the UK professional standards and code of conduct, healthcare practitioners are required to practise effectively and preserve patients' safety. Therefore, healthcare practitioners undertaking cardiac monitoring are required to have a basic understanding of normal sinus rhythms and some of the common types of cardiac arrhythmia. This will enable prompt recognition of early warning signs of potential and actual clinical conditions, and the timely initiation of treatment...
November 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
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