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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513819/sun-exposure-sun-protection-and-sunburn-among-canadian-adults
#1
Lauren Pinault, Vitali Fioletov
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and a history of sunburn are important risk factors for skin cancer. Sunburn is more common among men, younger age groups, and people in higher income households. Sun protection measures also vary by sex, age, and socioeconomic characteristics. Associations between ambient UVR and sunburn and sun safety measures have not been quantified. DATA AND METHODS: A total of 53,130 respondents aged 18 or older answered a Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) module on sun safety, which was administered in six provinces from 2005 to 2014...
May 17, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513818/the-risk-of-melanoma-associated-with-ambient-summer-ultraviolet-radiation
#2
Lauren Pinault, Tracey Bushnik, Vitali Fioletov, Cheryl E Peters, Will D King, Michael Tjepkema
BACKGROUND: Depletion of the ozone layer has meant that ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has increased in recent decades. At the same time, the incidence of skin cancers, including melanoma, has risen. The relatively few large-scale studies that linked ambient UVR to melanoma found a trend toward rising incidence closer to the equator, where UVR estimates are highest. Similar research has not been conducted in Canada, where ambient UVR is generally lower than in countries further south...
May 17, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422268/housing-conditions-and-respiratory-hospitalizations-among-first-nations-people-in-canada
#3
Gisèle M Carrière, Rochelle Garner, Claudia Sanmartin
BACKGROUND: Respiratory diseases are among the leading causes of acute care hospitalization for First Nations people. Poor housing conditions are associated with respiratory disorders and may be related to the likelihood of hospitalization. This analysis examines whether First Nations identity is associated with higher odds of hospitalization for respiratory conditions relative to non-Aboriginal persons, and whether such differences in hospitalization rates remain after consideration of housing conditions...
April 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422267/cycling-in-canada
#4
Pamela L Ramage-Morin
This article provides an overview of cycling, including fatalities and bicycle helmet use, based on data from the 1994/1995 National Population Health Survey, the 2013/2014 Canadian Community Health Survey and the Vital Statistics-Death Database. In 2013/2014, an estimated 7.0 million Canadians aged 12 or older (24%) reported cycling in the previous three months, compared with 6.5 million (29%) in 1994/95. The prevalence of cycling declined with age, and was more common among males and people living in higher-income and -education households...
April 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295129/exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-in-canada
#5
Lauren Pinault, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V Martin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been associated with a greater risk of non-accidental, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in Canada. Research based on Canadian cohorts suggests that exposure to PM2.5 varies by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Studies of NO₂, another pollutant, indicate that persons of lower socioeconomic status and some visible minority groups have greater exposure in urban centres. DATA AND METHODS: National residential PM2...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295128/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-mups-among-adults-in-canada-comorbidity-health-care-use-and-employment
#6
Jungwee Park, Heather Gilmour
Based on data from the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey and the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health, this study provides estimates of the prevalence of medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) in the household population aged 25 or older. MUPS are examined in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, physical and mental comorbidity, health care use and unmet needs, labour force participation and productivity. In 2014, 5.5% of Canadian adults-an estimated 1.3 million - reported having chronic fatigue syndrome (1...
March 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198984/smoking-prevalence-among-inuit-in-canada
#7
Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen
Using data from the 1991, 2001 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study examines the prevalence of smoking among Inuit aged 15 or older, by location of residence, sex and age group. Overall, the prevalence of daily smoking was significantly lower in 2012 than in 1991; this was true for Inuit living inside and outside Inuit Nunangat, for men and women, for most age groups, and for those in all Inuit regions except Nunavik. The average number of cigarettes smoked per day by daily smokers decreased steadily and significantly over time, except among those living outside Inuit Nunangat or in Nunavik, and those aged 55 or older...
February 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198983/prolonged-sedentary-time-and-physical-fitness-among-canadian-men-and-women-aged-60-to-69
#8
Shilpa Dogra, Janine M Clarke, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Evidence for associations between prolonged sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time and fitness is limited in older adults. This study examines associations between objectively measured and self-reported total sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness among Canadian men and women aged 60 to 69. DATA AND METHODS: Data from cycles 1 and 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey were used for analysis...
February 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098917/tanning-equipment-use-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#9
Sami Q Qutob, Michelle O'Brien, Katya Feder, James McNamee, Mireille Guay, John Than
BACKGROUND: Tanning equipment use is related to the early onset of cancer, with the risk increasing as the duration and repetition of exposure increase. In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified tanning equipment use as carcinogenic to humans, and according to the World Health Organization, the risk of skin melanoma increases significantly when use begins before age 35. DATA AND METHODS: The rapid response component of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey collected data on the use of tanning equipment in the previous 12 months, including reasons for use, frequency/duration of use, precautions taken, and adverse reactions or injuries...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098916/depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-canadians-aged-15-to-24
#10
Leanne Findlay
BACKGROUND: Among Canadians aged 15 to 24, the rate of depression is higher than at any other age, and suicide is the second leading cause of death. The current study provides detailed information about depression and suicidal ideation among young Canadians, including their use of mental health support. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) were used to describe rates and experiences of depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24, including psychosocial characteristics of those who had depression or reported suicidal thoughts...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002579/acute-care-hospitalization-of-refugees-to-canada-linked-data-for-immigrants-from-poland-vietnam-and-the-middle-east
#11
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Refugees arrive in Canada with settlement challenges different from those faced by other immigrants, including a higher risk of poor health. This study reports hospitalization rates for the three fiscal years from 2006/2007 through 2008/2009 for immigrants who arrived during the 1980-to-2006 period, with a focus on three refugee groups. DATA AND METHODS: Information from two linked databases was used to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) per 10,000 population aged 30 or older for all causes (excluding pregnancy) and for leading causes, by immigrant category and by refugee subcategory...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002578/linking-the-canadian-community-health-survey-and-the-canadian-mortality-database-an-enhanced-data-source-for-the-study-of-mortality
#12
Claudia Sanmartin, Yves Decady, Richard Trudeau, Abel Dasylva, Michael Tjepkema, Philippe Finès, Rick Burnett, Nancy Ross, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: This study summarizes the linkage of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the Canadian Mortality Database (CMDB), which was performed to examine relationships between social determinants, health behaviours and mortality in the household population. DATA AND METHODS: The 2000/2001-to-2011 Canadian Community Health Surveys were linked to the 2000-to-2011 CMDB using probabilistic methods based on common identifiers (names, date of birth, postal code and sex) for eligible respondents (85%; n = 614,774)...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002577/missing-paternal-data-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-canada
#13
Gabriel D Shapiro, Tracey Bushnik, Amanda J Sheppard, Michael S Kramer, Jay S Kaufman, Seungmi Yang
BACKGROUND: Research on predictors of birth outcomes tends to focus on maternal characteristics. Less is known about the role of paternal factors. Missing paternal data on administrative records may be a marker for risk of adverse birth outcomes. DATA AND METHODS: Analyses were performed on a cohort of births that occurred from May 16, 2004 through May 15, 2006, which was created by linking birth and death registration data with the 2006 Canadian census. Log-binomial and binomial regression were used to estimate relative risks and risk differences for preterm birth, small-for-gestational-age birth, stillbirth and infant mortality associated with the absence of paternal information...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849314/threshold-and-subthreshold-generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad-and-suicide-ideation
#14
Heather Gilmour
BACKGROUND: Subthreshold Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) has been reported to be at least as prevalent as threshold GAD and of comparable clinical significance. It is not clear if GAD is uniquely associated with the risk of suicide, or if psychiatric comorbidity drives the association. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health were used to estimate the prevalence of threshold and subthreshold GAD in the household population aged 15 or older...
November 16, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849313/hearing-difficulties-and-feelings-of-social-isolation-among-canadians-aged-45-or-older
#15
Pamela L Ramage-Morin
BACKGROUND: Social isolation is associated with reduced health-related quality of life, increased morbidity, and mortality. Social isolation can be a concern for older Canadians, especially those with conditions that interfere with making and maintaining social connections. DATA AND METHODS: The 2008/2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging (CCHS-HA) collected data from a population-based sample of Canadians aged 45 or older living in private households...
November 16, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759871/reduced-muscular-strength-among-canadians-aged-60-to-79-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-to-2013
#16
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength is associated with an increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, heart attack and stroke. At older ages, reduced strength is associated with impaired mobility, risk of falls, and disability. Various criteria are used to determine reduced strength. DATA AND METHODS: Data on grip strength among 3,181 respondents aged 60 to 79 from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey were used to calculate the prevalence of reduced strength based on sex-specific percentile and t-score cut-points and cut-points of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759870/grip-strength-reference-values-for-canadians-aged-6-to-79-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-to-2013
#17
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a measure of overall muscular strength and has been associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. Normative data are used to interpret an individual's grip strength measurements, but Canadian reference values are not available for a wide age range. DATA AND METHODS: The data pertain to 11,108 respondents aged 6 to 79 to the 2007-to-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, whose right-hand and left-hand grip strength were measured with a handgrip dynamometer...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655169/epilepsy-in-canada-prevalence-and-impact
#18
Heather Gilmour, Pamela Ramage-Morin, Suzy L Wong
This article provides information about the prevalence and impact of epilepsy, based on the 2010 and 2011 Canadian Community Health Surveys, the 2011/2012 Survey of Neurological Conditions in Institutions in Canada, and the 2011 Survey on Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada. An estimated 139,200 Canadians had epilepsy. Among the household population, epilepsy was generally diagnosed before age 30 (75%). For the majority of these people (64%), epilepsy was their only neurological condition. People with epilepsy were more than twice as likely to have been diagnosed with a mood disorder, compared with the general population (17% versus 7%), and eight times as likely to experience incontinence (34% versus 4%)...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655168/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-of-canadian-children-aged-3-to-5
#19
Didier Garriguet, Valerie Carson, Rachel C Colley, Ian Janssen, Brian W Timmons, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: For preschool children, physical activity is associated with improved measures of health, while sedentary behaviour is associated with less favourable health outcomes. This study updates estimates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour among children aged 3 to 5, based on combined data from two cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) in order to calculate adherence to Canadian physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines. DATA AND METHODS: The data are from two independent samples that comprised the 2009-to-2011 (cycle 2) and 2012/2013 (cycle 3) CHMS...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655167/outdoor-time-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-health-indicators-at-ages-7-to-14-2012-2013-canadian-health-measures-survey
#20
Richard Larouche, Didier Garriguet, Katie E Gunnell, Gary S Goldfield, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: International data show that the majority of children and youth are not sufficiently active. According to recent research, children who spend more time outdoors accumulate more daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and engage in less sedentary behaviour. However, the generalizability of these findings is uncertain, and few studies investigated whether outdoor time is associated with other physical and psychosocial health indicators. DATA AND METHODS: This study examined associations between outdoor time and measures of physical activity, sedentary time, and physical and psychosocial health in a nationally representative sample of 7-to-14-year-olds (n = 1,159) who participated in the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
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