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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198984/smoking-prevalence-among-inuit-in-canada
#1
Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen
Using data from the 1991, 2001 and 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, this study examines the prevalence of smoking among Inuit aged 15 or older, by location of residence, sex and age group. Overall, the prevalence of daily smoking was significantly lower in 2012 than in 1991; this was true for Inuit living inside and outside Inuit Nunangat, for men and women, for most age groups, and for those in all Inuit regions except Nunavik. The average number of cigarettes smoked per day by daily smokers decreased steadily and significantly over time, except among those living outside Inuit Nunangat or in Nunavik, and those aged 55 or older...
February 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198983/prolonged-sedentary-time-and-physical-fitness-among-canadian-men-and-women-aged-60-to-69
#2
Shilpa Dogra, Janine M Clarke, Jennifer L Copeland
BACKGROUND: Evidence for associations between prolonged sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time and fitness is limited in older adults. This study examines associations between objectively measured and self-reported total sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time with cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness among Canadian men and women aged 60 to 69. DATA AND METHODS: Data from cycles 1 and 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey were used for analysis...
February 15, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098917/tanning-equipment-use-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#3
Sami Q Qutob, Michelle O'Brien, Katya Feder, James McNamee, Mireille Guay, John Than
BACKGROUND: Tanning equipment use is related to the early onset of cancer, with the risk increasing as the duration and repetition of exposure increase. In 2009, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified tanning equipment use as carcinogenic to humans, and according to the World Health Organization, the risk of skin melanoma increases significantly when use begins before age 35. DATA AND METHODS: The rapid response component of the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey collected data on the use of tanning equipment in the previous 12 months, including reasons for use, frequency/duration of use, precautions taken, and adverse reactions or injuries...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098916/depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-canadians-aged-15-to-24
#4
Leanne Findlay
BACKGROUND: Among Canadians aged 15 to 24, the rate of depression is higher than at any other age, and suicide is the second leading cause of death. The current study provides detailed information about depression and suicidal ideation among young Canadians, including their use of mental health support. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) were used to describe rates and experiences of depression and suicidal ideation among Canadians aged 15 to 24, including psychosocial characteristics of those who had depression or reported suicidal thoughts...
January 18, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002579/acute-care-hospitalization-of-refugees-to-canada-linked-data-for-immigrants-from-poland-vietnam-and-the-middle-east
#5
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Refugees arrive in Canada with settlement challenges different from those faced by other immigrants, including a higher risk of poor health. This study reports hospitalization rates for the three fiscal years from 2006/2007 through 2008/2009 for immigrants who arrived during the 1980-to-2006 period, with a focus on three refugee groups. DATA AND METHODS: Information from two linked databases was used to estimate age-standardized hospitalization rates (ASHRs) per 10,000 population aged 30 or older for all causes (excluding pregnancy) and for leading causes, by immigrant category and by refugee subcategory...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002578/linking-the-canadian-community-health-survey-and-the-canadian-mortality-database-an-enhanced-data-source-for-the-study-of-mortality
#6
Claudia Sanmartin, Yves Decady, Richard Trudeau, Abel Dasylva, Michael Tjepkema, Philippe Finès, Rick Burnett, Nancy Ross, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: This study summarizes the linkage of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the Canadian Mortality Database (CMDB), which was performed to examine relationships between social determinants, health behaviours and mortality in the household population. DATA AND METHODS: The 2000/2001-to-2011 Canadian Community Health Surveys were linked to the 2000-to-2011 CMDB using probabilistic methods based on common identifiers (names, date of birth, postal code and sex) for eligible respondents (85%; n = 614,774)...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002577/missing-paternal-data-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-canada
#7
Gabriel D Shapiro, Tracey Bushnik, Amanda J Sheppard, Michael S Kramer, Jay S Kaufman, Seungmi Yang
BACKGROUND: Research on predictors of birth outcomes tends to focus on maternal characteristics. Less is known about the role of paternal factors. Missing paternal data on administrative records may be a marker for risk of adverse birth outcomes. DATA AND METHODS: Analyses were performed on a cohort of births that occurred from May 16, 2004 through May 15, 2006, which was created by linking birth and death registration data with the 2006 Canadian census. Log-binomial and binomial regression were used to estimate relative risks and risk differences for preterm birth, small-for-gestational-age birth, stillbirth and infant mortality associated with the absence of paternal information...
December 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759871/reduced-muscular-strength-among-canadians-aged-60-to-79-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-to-2013
#8
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength is associated with an increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, heart attack and stroke. At older ages, reduced strength is associated with impaired mobility, risk of falls, and disability. Various criteria are used to determine reduced strength. DATA AND METHODS: Data on grip strength among 3,181 respondents aged 60 to 79 from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey were used to calculate the prevalence of reduced strength based on sex-specific percentile and t-score cut-points and cut-points of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759870/grip-strength-reference-values-for-canadians-aged-6-to-79-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-to-2013
#9
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a measure of overall muscular strength and has been associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. Normative data are used to interpret an individual's grip strength measurements, but Canadian reference values are not available for a wide age range. DATA AND METHODS: The data pertain to 11,108 respondents aged 6 to 79 to the 2007-to-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, whose right-hand and left-hand grip strength were measured with a handgrip dynamometer...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655169/epilepsy-in-canada-prevalence-and-impact
#10
Heather Gilmour, Pamela Ramage-Morin, Suzy L Wong
This article provides information about the prevalence and impact of epilepsy, based on the 2010 and 2011 Canadian Community Health Surveys, the 2011/2012 Survey of Neurological Conditions in Institutions in Canada, and the 2011 Survey on Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada. An estimated 139,200 Canadians had epilepsy. Among the household population, epilepsy was generally diagnosed before age 30 (75%). For the majority of these people (64%), epilepsy was their only neurological condition. People with epilepsy were more than twice as likely to have been diagnosed with a mood disorder, compared with the general population (17% versus 7%), and eight times as likely to experience incontinence (34% versus 4%)...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655168/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-of-canadian-children-aged-3-to-5
#11
Didier Garriguet, Valerie Carson, Rachel C Colley, Ian Janssen, Brian W Timmons, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: For preschool children, physical activity is associated with improved measures of health, while sedentary behaviour is associated with less favourable health outcomes. This study updates estimates of physical activity and sedentary behaviour among children aged 3 to 5, based on combined data from two cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) in order to calculate adherence to Canadian physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines. DATA AND METHODS: The data are from two independent samples that comprised the 2009-to-2011 (cycle 2) and 2012/2013 (cycle 3) CHMS...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655167/outdoor-time-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-health-indicators-at-ages-7-to-14-2012-2013-canadian-health-measures-survey
#12
Richard Larouche, Didier Garriguet, Katie E Gunnell, Gary S Goldfield, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: International data show that the majority of children and youth are not sufficiently active. According to recent research, children who spend more time outdoors accumulate more daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and engage in less sedentary behaviour. However, the generalizability of these findings is uncertain, and few studies investigated whether outdoor time is associated with other physical and psychosocial health indicators. DATA AND METHODS: This study examined associations between outdoor time and measures of physical activity, sedentary time, and physical and psychosocial health in a nationally representative sample of 7-to-14-year-olds (n = 1,159) who participated in the 2012/2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey...
September 21, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532621/acute-care-hospitalization-by-immigrant-category-linking-hospital-data-and-the-immigrant-landing-file-in-canada
#13
Edward Ng, Claudia Sanmartin, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Although immigrants tend to be healthier than the Canadian-born population when they arrive, subgroups, notably different immigration categories, may differ in health and health care use. Data limitations have meant the research has seldom focused on category of immigrant-economic, family or refugee. A newly linked database has made it possible to study acute care hospitalization by immigration category and source region. DATA AND METHODS: The Immigrant Landing File-Hospital Discharge Abstract Linked Database (n = 2...
August 17, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532620/acute-care-hospitalization-by-aboriginal-identity-canada-2006-through-2008
#14
Gisèle Carrière, Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen, Michelle Rotermann, Claudia Sanmartin
BACKGROUND: National data about acute care hospitalization of Aboriginal people are scarce. This study addresses that information gap by describing patterns of hospitalization by Aboriginal identity for leading diagnoses for all provinces and territories except Quebec. DATA AND METHODS: The 2006 Census was linked to the 2006/2007-to-2008/2009 Discharge Abstract Database, which contains hospital records from all acute care facilities in Canada (excluding Quebec)...
August 17, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439000/increasing-survival-from-leukemia-among-adolescents-and-adults-in-canada-a-closer-look
#15
Larry F Ellison
BACKGROUND: Survival from adult onset leukemia has increased substantially in Canada since at least the early 1990s. However, an analysis of the extent of this improvement by type of leukemia is lacking. DATA AND METHODS: Data are from the Canadian Cancer Registry, with mortality follow-up through record linkage to the Canadian Vital Statistics Death Database. Increases in five-year relative survival ratios (RSRs) between 1992-to-1994 and 2006-to-2008 were calculated by age and sex for all leukemias combined and for each of the main types...
July 20, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438999/the-influence-of-community-well-being-on-mortality-among-registered-first-nations-people
#16
Lisa N Oliver, Chris Penney, Paul A Peters
BACKGROUND: Living in a community with lower socioeconomic status is associated with higher mortality. However, few studies have examined associations between community socioeconomic characteristics and mortality among the First Nations population. DATA AND METHODS: The 1991-to-2006 Census Mortality and Cancer Cohort follow-up, which tracked a 15% sample of Canadians aged 25 or older, included 57,300 respondents who self-identified as Registered First Nations people or Indian band members...
July 20, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438998/socioeconomic-differences-in-nitrogen-dioxide-ambient-air-pollution-exposure-among-children-in-the-three-largest-canadian-cities
#17
Lauren Pinault, Daniel Crouse, Michael Jerrett, Michael Brauer, Michael Tjepkema
BACKGROUND: Nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) is a marker for traffic-related air pollution, which exhibits strong spatial gradients in large cities. Previous studies have shown that in Canadian cities, exposure to ambient NO₂ is greater in neighbourhoods of low socioeconomic status (SES). As a result of these differences in exposure, air pollution-related health problems may be more prevalent among children in lower SES urban neighbourhoods. DATA AND METHODS: Children younger than age 18 enumerated in the 2006 Census who lived in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver were linked to published air pollution exposure land use regression models to assign exposure at the Dissemination Area (DA) level...
July 20, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305076/child-functional-characteristics-explain-child-and-family-outcomes-better-than-diagnosis-population-based-study-of-children-with-autism-or-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders-disabilities
#18
Anton Miller, Jane Shen, Louise C Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Allocation of resources for services and supports for children with neurodevelopmental disorders/disabilities (NDD/D) is often based on the presence of specific health conditions. This study investigated the relative roles of a child's diagnosed health condition and neurodevelopmental and related functional characteristics in explaining child and family health and well-being. DATA AND METHODS: The data on children with NDD/D (ages 5 to 14; weighted n = 120,700) are from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS), a population-based Canadian survey of parents of children with functional limitations/disabilities...
June 15, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305075/out-of-pocket-spending-on-drugs-and-pharmaceutical-products-and-cost-related-prescription-non-adherence-among-canadians-with-chronic-disease
#19
Deirdre Hennessy, Claudia Sanmartin, Paul Ronksley, Rob Weaver, Dave Campbell, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Brenda Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of Canadians' prescription medication costs are paid directly out-of-pocket. This study attempts to determine if out-of-pocket spending greater than 5% of household income on drugs and pharmaceutical products is associated with cost-related prescription non-adherence among people with cardiovascular-related chronic conditions. DATA AND METHODS: The data are from the survey on Barriers to Care for People with Chronic Health Conditions...
June 15, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192207/mortality-from-alzheimer-s-disease-in-canada-a-multiple-cause-of-death-analysis-2004-to-2011
#20
Jungwee Park
Using multiple-cause-of-death data, this study investigates mortality from Alzheimer's disease. From 2004 through 2011, Alzheimer's disease was coded as a cause of 80,868 deaths-more often the underlying than a contributing cause. The rate of Alzheimer's disease deaths was higher for women and older individuals than for men and younger people, and varied considerably by province/territory. Regardless of whether Alzheimer's disease was coded as the underlying or a contributing cause, on average, two other causes were also listed on the death certificate...
May 18, 2016: Health Reports
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