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World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology

Cong Du, Chongwei Cui, Shan Qiu, Shanwen Xu, Shengnan Shi, Thangavel Sangeetha, Fang Ma
Bioaugmentation is substantially determined by pre-attached communities in biological stuffing systems. However, the inevitable changes of microbial community shift occurred between pre-attached microorganisms on stuffing material and other existing communities in wastewater. Targeting at nitrogen removal in aerobic denitrification reactors, biological augmentation was built by polyurethane supporting material and aerobic denitrification bacteria of Pseudomonas stutzeri strains were primarily colonized. The total nitrogen removal reached a high efficiency of 77 ± 6%, resulting from a relative high nitrate removal (90%) and a low nitrite production of 24 mg l(-1)...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Anbarasan Muniyan, Kalaiselvi Ravi, Udayamathi Mohan, Rajasekar Panchamoorthy
Saponins are glycosides, which destabilize the membrane by altering the membrane permeability. Thus, the present study was aimed to fabricate the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using fenugreek derived saponin (SN) against multi-drug resistant bacteria. This study has optimized the concentration of SN (240 mg/mL) for the synthesis of an effective AgNPs against the test organism Escherichia coli. The SN reduced AgNPs produced a reddish-brown colour and displayed UV absorption at 416 nm. The bio-reducing efficiency of SN (62...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ning Qin, Yanbing Shen, Xu Yang, Liqiu Su, Rui Tang, Wei Li, Min Wang
3-Ketosteroid-Δ(1)-dehydrogenases (KsdD) from Mycobacterium neoaurum could transform androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (AD) to androst-1,4-diene-3,17-dione. This reaction has a significant effect on the product of pharmaceutical steroid. The crystal structure and active site residues information of KsdD from Mycobacterium is not yet available, which result in the engineering of KsdD is tedious. In this study, by the way of protein modeling and site-directed mutagenesis, we find that, Y122, Y125, S138, E140 and Y541 from the FAD-binding domain and Y365 from the catalytic domain play a key role in this transformation...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Nehad N Amer, Yasser Elbahloul, Amira M Embaby, Ahmed Hussein
Oleaginous microorganisms are regarded as efficient, renewable cell factories for lipid biosynthesis, a biodiesel precursor, to overwhelm the cosmopolitan energy crisis with affordable investment capital costs. Present research highlights production and characterization of lipids by a newly isolated oleaginous bacterium, Sphingomonas sp. EGY1 DSM 29616 through an eco-friendly approach. Only sweet whey [42.1% (v/v)] in tap water was efficiently used as a growth medium and lipid production medium to encourage cell growth and trigger lipid accumulation simultaneously...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ya-Jun Wang, Bin-Bin Ying, Min Chen, Wei Shen, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Yu-Guo Zheng
A new anti-Prelog short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) encoding gene lcsdr was cloned from Lactobacillus composti DSM 18527, and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. LcSDR is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent and has a molecular weight of approximately 30 kDa. The optimal pH and temperature were 6.5 and 30 °C, respectively. The maximal reaction rate Vmax was 133.9 U mg(-1); the Michaelis-Menten constant K m of LcSDR were 0.345 mM for acetophenone (1a), and 0.085 mM for NADPH...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Carrie Brady, Dawn Arnold, James McDonald, Sandra Denman
Acute oak decline (AOD) is a relatively newly described disorder affecting native oak species in Britain. Symptomatic trees are characterised by stem bleeds from vertical fissures, necrotic lesions in the live tissue beneath and larval galleries of the two spotted oak buprestid (Agrilus biguttatus). Several abiotic and biotic factors can be responsible for tree death, however the tissue necrosis and stem weeping is thought to be caused by a combination of bacterial species. Following investigations of the current episode of AOD which began in 2008, numerous strains belonging to several different bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae have been consistently isolated from symptomatic tissue...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yanfei Huang, Mingxin Zhang, Min Zhu, Mei Wang, Yufeng Sun, Haitong Gu, Jingjing Cao, Xue Li, Shaoya Zhang, Jinglin Wang, Xinxin Lu
Infections caused by filamentous fungi have become a health concern, and require rapid and accurate identification in order for effective treatment of the pathogens. To compare the performance of two MALDI-TOF MS systems (Bruker Microflex LT and Xiamen Microtyper) in the identification of filamentous fungal species. A total of 374 clinical filamentous fungal isolates sequentially collected in the Clinical Laboratory at the Beijing Tongren Hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were identified by traditional phenotypic methods, Bruker Microflex LT and Xiamen Microtyper MALDI-TOF MS, respectively...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Júlia Ronzella Ottoni, Lucélia Cabral, Sanderson Tarciso Pereira de Sousa, Gileno Vieira Lacerda Júnior, Daniela Ferreira Domingos, Fábio Lino Soares Junior, Mylenne Calciolari Pinheiro da Silva, Joelma Marcon, Armando Cavalcante Franco Dias, Itamar Soares de Melo, Anete Pereira de Souza, Fernando Dini Andreote, Valéria Maia de Oliveira
Mangroves are located in coastal wetlands and are susceptible to the consequences of oil spills, what may threaten the diversity of microorganisms responsible for the nutrient cycling and the consequent ecosystem functioning. Previous reports show that high concentration of oil favors the incidence of epoxide hydrolases and haloalkane dehalogenases in mangroves. This finding has guided the goals of this study in an attempt to broaden the analysis to other hydrolases and thereby verify whether oil contamination interferes with the prevalence of particular hydrolases and their assigned microorganisms...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Mary Casa-Villegas, Julia Marín-Navarro, Julio Polaina
We describe a procedure by which filter paper is digested with a cellulolytic enzyme preparation, obtained from Trichoderma reesei cultivated under solid state fermentation conditions and then fermented by a recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. The yeast strain produces a β-glucosidase encoded by the BGL1 gene from Saccharomycopsis fibuligera that quantitatively and qualitatively complements the limitations that the Trichoderma enzyme complex shows for this particular activity. The supplemental β-glucosidase activity fuels the progression of cellulose hydrolysis and fermentation by decreasing the inhibitory effects caused by the accumulation of cellobiose and glucose...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
E Aballay, S Prodan, A Zamorano, C Castaneda-Alvarez
The action of metabolites and exoenzymes from rhizobacteria on different plant-parasitic nematodes has an influence on the nematicidal efficacy of the microbe. Seven rhizobacteria, divided into two bacterial groups, were evaluated in vitro for nematicidal activity on Meloidogyne ethiopica and Xiphinema index. The direct effect of their filtrates on egg hatching and juveniles of M. ethiopica as well as mobile stages of X. index was evaluated during a 72-h period. The production of four exoenzymes and two metabolites associated with nematode mortality was investigated...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Dipti Dapurkar, Manasi Telang
Construction biotechnology includes research and development of construction materials and processes that make use of various microbes. The present technology landscape gives a perspective on how microbes have been used in construction industry as cement and concrete additives by analyzing patents filed in this technology arena. All patents related to the technology of interest published globally to date have been reviewed. The earliest patent filing in this technology domain was recorded in the year 1958 and the patenting activity reached its peak around mid to late 1990s...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Zhi-Feng Li, Li-Ping Zhu, Jing-Yan Gu, Raghvendra Pratap Singh, Yue-Zhong Li
Epothilones are cytotoxic macrolactones having auspicious anti-tumorous activities, but merely produced by rare Sorangium strains. Here, we have focused on the epothilone gene cluster from special niche bacterial strain, S. cellulosum So0157-2. Therefore, we have isolated a high pH tolerant S. cellulosum strain So0157-2 and characterized the epothilones gene cluster and its flanks by cosmid/fosmid libraries preparation and sequencing. The assembly spanned 94,459 bp and consisted of 56,019 bp core region. Remarkably, the core as well as upstream 420 bp and downstream 315 bp were highly conserved, while further neighboring regions varied extremely...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
A G Adewoyin, M Barooah, J K Oloke, S S Bora
Over the years several species of edible mushrooms have been collected for consumption from different agro-wastes in Nigeria. Identification of most of these mushrooms was often by morphological descriptive methods. This study reports the morphological study, physiological study and identification of a Nigerian wild strain of Volvariella sp. (VNW) isolated from discarded oil palm waste and three Indian commercial strains V11, V245 and V247 of V. volvacea. Effect of incubation temperatures and medium pH was investigated...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Hamid Moghimi, Rezvan Heidary Tabar, Javad Hamedi
Environmental pollution caused by petroleum compounds has become a global concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the indigenous fungal isolates in Iran for biodegradation of crude oil pollutants. In order to isolate fungal strains, the soil samples were enriched in minimal salts medium (MSM) with 1% crude oil and then the crude oil degradation was measured by total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) assay. The degradation of hydrocarbons compounds was also analysed by FT-IR and HPLC, and the activity of peroxidase enzyme and biosurfactant production were also measured...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Arpasiri Srisrattakarn, Aroonlug Lulitanond, Chotechana Wilailuckana, Nicha Charoensri, Lumyai Wonglakorn, Pimjai Saenjamla, Prajuab Chaimanee, Jureerut Daduang, Aroonwadee Chanawong
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates by carbapenemase production are being reported globally with increasing frequency, leading to limited therapeutic options. We therefore developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method with hydroxynaphthol blue dye (LAMP-HNB) for rapid confirmation of bla NDM, bla OXA-48, bla VIM, bla IMP-14 and bla KPC groups. Sixty-two Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas spp. isolates carrying various carbapenemase genes (28 bla NDM-1, 9 bla IMP-14a, 2 bla IMP-48, 1 bla IMP-1, 1 bla IMP-4, 1 bla IMP-9, 1 bla IMP-15, 4 bla VIM-2, 1 bla VIM-1, 1 bla IMP-14a & bla VIM-2, 7 bla KPC-2, 3 bla OXA-48 and 3 bla OXA-181) and 37 non-carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates as confirmed by the PCR methods were included...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Illse Jood, Justin Wallace Hoff, Mathabatha Evodia Setati
The current study is the first one to demonstrate the wine fermentation potential of members of several species of the genus Kazachstania including strains derived from grape must. The fermentation characteristics were evaluated in synthetic grape juice medium and in Sauvignon blanc. Our data show that none of the species evaluated could ferment to dryness in monoculture fermentations. However, at least 75% of the sugar was consumed before the fermentations got stuck. In mixed-culture fermentations with Saccharomyces cerevisiae diverse aroma profiles were evident especially in Sauvignon blanc fermentations...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Zerihun T Dame, Pornthip Ruanpanun
Crude extract from a culture of a soil Streptomyces sp. strain ZDB showed toxicity towards Artemia salina and antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Chlorella vulgaris, and Chlorella sorokiniana. Large scale fermentation of the strain led to the isolation of the macrolide antibiotics, bafilomycins A1 (1), B1 (2), and D (3) together with nonactic acid (4) and bostrycoidin-9-methyl ether (5). Structures of the antibiotics were determined based on spectral data analysis...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jinping Wu, Zhenbiao Jiao, Jie Zhou, Fengling Guo, Zili Ding, Zhengming Qiu
The bacterial community and diversity in healthy and diseased konjac rhizosphere soils with different ages of continuous cropping were investigated using next-generation sequencing. The results demonstrated that the number of years of continuous cropping significantly altered soil bacterial community and diversity. Soil bacterial Shannon diversity index and Chao 1 index decreased with the increasing cropping years of konjac. After 1 year of cropping, the soil exhibited the highest bacterial relative abundance and diversity...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Masatoshi Nishita, Kikue Hirota, Hidetoshi Matsuyama, Isao Yumoto
Indigo-reducing bacteria perform natural fermentation in indigo fermentation fluid. Owing to the stochastic nature of the process, the constituent in indigo fermentation fluid differ depending on the prepared batch and fermentation period. To identify new indigo-reducing bacteria, isolation of the bacteria is indispensable. However, isolation of indigo-reducing bacteria is difficult because conventional media are often unsuitable to isolate these slow-growing bacteria that also exist in low numbers. Hydrolysates of polysaccharides and mixtures of plant base constituents are candidates to accelerate the isolation of indigo-reducing bacteria that cannot be isolated using conventional media...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Adam Ząbek, Magdalena Klimek-Ochab, Ewa Jawień, Piotr Młynarz
The taxonomical classification among fungi kingdom in the last decades was evolved. In this work the targeted metabolomics study based on (1)H NMR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics tools was reported to be useful for differentiation of three model of fungal strains, which represent various genus of Ascomycota (Aspergillus pallidofulvus, Fusarium oxysporum, Geotrichum candidum) were selected in order to perform metabolomics studies. Each tested species, revealed specific metabolic profile of primary endo-metabolites...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
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