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World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780712/relationship-between-salt-tolerance-and-nanoparticle-synthesis-by-williopsis-saturnus-ncim-3298
#1
Pallavi Mohite, Ameeta Ravi Kumar, Smita Zinjarde
This work describes cell associated and extracellular synthesis of nanoparticles by the yeast, Williopsis saturnus. The yeast was able to grow in the absence and presence of sodium chloride (NaCl) and form nanoparticles in a cell associated manner. The content of melanin, a stress-associated pigment was found to be progressively greater in the presence of increasing concentrations of NaCl. With higher quantities of melanin (extracted from yeast cells grown in the presence of 4% of NaCl), smaller sized nanoparticles were obtained...
September 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770367/carbon-catabolite-regulation-in-streptomyces-new-insights-and-lessons-learned
#2
REVIEW
Alba Romero-Rodríguez, Diana Rocha, Beatriz Ruiz-Villafán, Silvia Guzmán-Trampe, Nidia Maldonado-Carmona, Melissa Vázquez-Hernández, Augusto Zelarayán, Romina Rodríguez-Sanoja, Sergio Sánchez
One of the most significant control mechanisms of the physiological processes in the genus Streptomyces is carbon catabolite repression (CCR). This mechanism controls the expression of genes involved in the uptake and utilization of alternative carbon sources in Streptomyces and is mostly independent of the phosphoenolpyruvate phosphotransferase system (PTS). CCR also affects morphological differentiation and the synthesis of secondary metabolites, although not all secondary metabolite genes are equally sensitive to the control by the carbon source...
September 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823045/killing-activity-of-lfchimera-on-periodontopathic-bacteria-and-multispecies-oral-biofilm-formation-in-vitro
#3
Sopita Ruangcharoen, Waraporn Suwannarong, Marie Rossini Carmela T Lachica, Jan G M Bolscher, Kamran Nazmi, Watcharee Khunkitti, Suwimol Taweechaisupapong
Lactoferrin chimera (LFchimera), a heterodimeric peptide containing lactoferrampin (LFampin265-284) and a part of lactoferricin (LFcin17-30), possesses a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. However, there is no report on the inhibitory effects of LFchimera against multispecies oral biofilms. This study aimed to determine the effects of LFchimera in comparison to chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) and minocycline hydrochloride (MH), on in vitro multispecies biofilms derived from subgingival plaque of periodontitis patients harboring Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans...
August 19, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822027/impact-of-orientation-and-flexibility-of-peptide-linkers-on-t-maritima-lipase-tm1350-displayed-on-bacillus-subtilis-spores-surface-using-cotb-as-fusion-partner
#4
Jawad Ullah, Huayou Chen, Ake Vastermark, Jinru Jia, Bangguo Wu, Zhong Ni, Yilin Le, Hongcheng Wang
Fusion protein construction often requires peptide linkers for prolonged conformation, extended stability and enzyme activity. In this study a series of fusion between Thermotoga maritima lipase Tm1350 and Bacillus subtillis coat protein CotB, comprising of several peptide linkers, with different length, flexibility and orientations were constructed. Effects of temperature, pH and chemicals were examined, on the activity of displayed enzyme. The fusion protein with longer flexible linkers L9 [(GGGGS)4] and L7 (GGGGS-GGGGS-EAAAK-EAAAK-GGGGS-GGGGS) possess 1...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819739/oligosaccharide-elicitor-prepared-from-salecan-triggers-the-defense-responses-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-col0-against-botrytis-cinerea-infection
#5
Haiyang Xu, Jing Li, Shiming Wang, Linxiang Xu, Rui Cheng, Jianfa Zhang
Oligosaccharides from the water-soluble β-glucan, Salecan, were investigated to evaluate the activation effect on the defense responses of Arabidopsis thaliana Col0. Salecan oligosaccharides (ScOs, DP 5-10) were prepared at first by acid hydrolysis and gel filtration chromatography and then employed for foliar spray on Arabidopsis seedlings and plants. After ScOs treatment, increase of hydrogen peroxide was histologically and analytically detected in leaves. Transcription levels of several indicator genes which correspond to the signaling pathways and pathogenesis-related proteins were up-regulated at different time by means of quantitative RT-PCR analysis...
August 17, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791545/microbial-cyclophilins-specialized-functions-in-virulence-and-beyond
#6
REVIEW
Maria Dimou, Anastasia Venieraki, Panagiotis Katinakis
Cyclophilins belong to the superfamily of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases, EC: 5.2.1.8), the enzymes that catalyze the cis/trans isomerization of peptidyl-prolyl peptide bonds in unfolded and partially folded polypeptide chains and native state proteins. Cyclophilins have been extensively studied, since they are involved in multiple cellular processes related to human pathologies, such as neurodegenerative disorders, infectious diseases, and cancer. However, the presence of cyclophilins in all domains of life indicates a broader biological importance...
August 8, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755169/characterization-of-a-novel-bioemulsifier-from-pseudomonas-stutzeri
#7
Yanqiu Fan, Weiyi Tao, He Huang, Shuang Li
This study describes a novel and efficient alasan-like bioemulsifier produced by Pseudomonas stutzeri NJtech 11-1, which was isolated from the Shengli Oilfield. The strain was found to produce a new and interesting emulsion stabilizer. The crude bioemulsifier showed super stability with 50% salinity and broad pH 3-10. The emulsion index (EI24) was increased to 100% after heating from 45 to 95 °C and the emulsion could be stable for at least 30 days. The yield of Ps-bioemulsifier (pure bioemulsifier) was 0...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752265/the-augmented-lipid-productivity-in-an-emerging-oleaginous-model-alga-coccomyxa-subellipsoidea-by-nitrogen-manipulation-strategy
#8
Chao Wang, Zhenyao Wang, Fei Luo, Yuqin Li
The lipid productivity controlled by both of biomass and lipid content was really crucial for economic-feasibility of microalgae-based biofuels production. This study attempted at augmenting lipid productivity in an emerging oleaginous model alga Coccomyxa subellipsoidea by different nitrogen manipulation including one-stage continuous N-sufficiency (OCNS), N-deprivation (OCND), N-limitation (OCNL), and also two-stage batch N-starvation (TBNS). Amongst four tested nitrogen manipulation strategies, OCNS performed remarkable promoting effect on cell metabolic growth and the maximum biomass was achieved by 7...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748404/necrotic-and-apoptotic-cell-death-induced-by-captan-on-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#9
Fernando J Scariot, Luciane Jahn, Ana Paula L Delamare, Sergio Echeverrigaray
Captan is one of the most widely used broad-spectrum fungicide applied to control several early and late diseases of grapes, apples, and other fruits and vegetables, and as other phthalimide fungicides is defined as a multisite compound with thiol-reactivity. Captan can affect non-target organisms as yeasts, modifying microbial populations and fermentation processes. In this study, we asked whether Captan thiol-reactivity and other mechanisms are involved in acute Captan-induced cell death on aerobic growing Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730560/impairment-of-ntca-gene-revealed-its-role-in-regulating-iron-homeostasis-ros-production-and-cellular-phenotype-under-iron-deficiency-in-cyanobacterium-anabaena-sp-pcc-7120
#10
Manish Singh Kaushik, Meenakshi Srivastava, Anumeha Singh, Arun Kumar Mishra
Iron deficiency ends up into several unavoidable consequences including damaging oxidative stress in cyanobacteria. NtcA is a global nitrogen regulator controls wide range of metabolisms in addition to regulation of nitrogen metabolism. In present communication, NtcA based regulation of iron homeostasis, ROS production and cellular phenotype under iron deficiency in Anabaena 7120 has been investigated. NtcA regulates the concentration dependent iron uptake by controlling the expression of furA gene. NtcA also regulated pigment synthesis and phenotypic alterations in Anabaena 7120...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726124/diversity-of-culturable-filamentous-ascomycetes-in-the-eastern-south-pacific-ocean-off-chile
#11
Jeanett Vera, Marcelo H Gutiérrez, Götz Palfner, Silvio Pantoja
Our study reports the diversity of culturable mycoplankton in the eastern South Pacific Ocean off Chile to contribute with novel knowledge on taxonomy of filamentous fungi isolated from distinct physicochemical and biological marine environments. We characterized spatial distribution of isolates, evaluated their viability and assessed the influence of organic substrate availability on fungal development. Thirty-nine Operational Taxonomic Units were identified from 99 fungal strains isolated from coastal and oceanic waters by using Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702797/purification-and-antibacterial-mechanism-of-fish-borne-bacteriocin-and-its-application-in-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei-for-inhibiting-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#12
Xinran Lv, Jingfang Du, Yu Jie, Bolin Zhang, Fengling Bai, Hongfei Zhao, Jianrong Li
Vibrio parahaemolyticus: is recognized as the main cause of gastroenteritis associated with consumption of seafood. Bacteriocin-producing Lactobacillus plantarum FGC-12 isolated from golden carp intestine had strong antibacterial activity toward V. parahaemolyticus. The fish-borne bacteriocin was purified by a three-step procedure consisting of ethyl acetate extraction, gel filtration chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. Its molecular weight was estimated at 4.1 kDa using SDS-PAGE. The fish-borne bacteriocin reached the maximum production at stationary phase after 20 h...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695465/trichoderma-for-climate-resilient-agriculture
#13
REVIEW
Prem Lal Kashyap, Pallavi Rai, Alok Kumar Srivastava, Sudheer Kumar
Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century for sustainable agricultural production. Several reports highlighted the need for better agricultural practices and use of eco-friendly methods for sustainable crop production under such situations. In this context, Trichoderma species could be a model fungus to sustain crop productivity. Currently, these are widely used as inoculants for biocontrol, biofertilization, and phytostimulation. They are reported to improve photosynthetic efficiency, enhance nutrient uptake and increase nitrogen use efficiency in crops...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681284/microbial-biodiversity-of-meadows-under-different-modes-of-land-use-catabolic-and-genetic-fingerprinting
#14
Agnieszka Wolinska, Magdalena Frąc, Karolina Oszust, Anna Szafranek-Nakonieczna, Urszula Zielenkiewicz, Zofia Stępniewska
The main goal of the study was to find differences in the bacterial community structure resulting from different ways of meadow management in order to get the first insight into microbial biodiversity in meadow samples. The next generation sequencing technique (454-pyrosequencing) was accompanied with the community level physiological profiling (CLPP) method in order to acquire combined knowledge of both genetic and catabolic bacterial fingerprinting of two studied meadows (hayland and pasture). Soil samples (FAO: Mollic Gleysol) were taken in April 2015 from the surface layer (0-20 cm)...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674927/influence-of-glycosides-on-behavior-of-oenococcus-oeni-in-wine-conditions-growth-substrates-and-aroma-compounds
#15
Carmen Maturano, Fabiana María Saguir
Autochthonous Oenococcus oeni strains (MS9, MS20 and MS46) with good malolactic performance and yielding adequate diacetyl levels, were selected to investigate the effect of synthetic and grape glycosides on bacterial growth, substrate utilization and β-glucosidase (βGlu), α-arabinofuranosidase (αAra) and α-rhamnopyranosidase (αRha) activities in a wine-like medium containing 6% ethanol, pH 4.0 (WBM). Then, changes in the volatile compounds profile were evaluated at the end of malolactic fermentation (MLF) carried out by the MS46 strain in WBM containing 1 mg L(-1) of natural glycoside...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674926/enhancement-of-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-levels-using-an-autochthonous-lactobacillus-futsaii-cs3-as-starter-culture-in-thai-fermented-shrimp-kung-som
#16
Chatthaphisuth Sanchart, Onnicha Rattanaporn, Dietmar Haltrich, Pimpimol Phukpattaranont, Suppasil Maneerat
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-proteinogenic amino acid, which has a variety of well-characterized beneficial physiological functions. In order to improve GABA levels and the fermentation process of Thai fermented shrimp (Kung-Som), autochthonous Lactobacillus futsaii CS3 was inoculated as a starter culture into Kung-Som, and its effects on the quality of Kung-Som were studied. The optimal conditions for GABA production in Kung-Som as obtained by response surface methodology (RSM) using a central composite design (CCD) were an inoculum size of roughly 10(7) CFU/g (X1) of L...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674925/biosorption-of-lead-phosphates-by-lead-tolerant-bacteria-as-a-mechanism-for-lead-immobilization
#17
Viridiana Rodríguez-Sánchez, Jesús Guzmán-Moreno, Vicente Rodríguez-González, Juan Armando Flores-de la Torre, Rosa María Ramírez-Santoyo, Luz Elena Vidales-Rodríguez
The study of metal-tolerant bacteria is important for bioremediation of contaminated environments and development of green technologies for material synthesis due to their potential to transform toxic metal ions into less toxic compounds by mechanisms such as reduction, oxidation and/or sequestration. In this study, we report the isolation of seven lead-tolerant bacteria from a metal-contaminated site at Zacatecas, México. The bacteria were identified as members of the Staphylococcus and Bacillus genera by microscopic, biochemical and 16S rDNA analyses...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674924/engineering-application-of-anaerobic-ammonium-oxidation-process-in-wastewater-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Nianjia Mao, Hongqiang Ren, Jinju Geng, Lili Ding, Ke Xu
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox), a promising biological nitrogen removal process, has been verified as an efficient, sustainable and cost-effective alternative to conventional nitrification and denitrification processes. To date, more than 110 full-scale anammox plants have been installed and are in operation, treating industrial NH4(+)-rich wastewater worldwide, and anammox-based technologies are flourishing. This review the current state of the art for engineering applications of the anammox process, including various anammox-based technologies, reactor selection and attempts to apply it at different wastewater plants...
August 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638986/effect-of-electrode-potentials-on-the-microbial-community-of-photo-bioelectrochemical-systems
#19
Yicheng Wu, Yue Zheng, Yong Xiao, Zejie Wang, Feng Zhao
Increasing attention is being paid to the adoption of photoautotrophic microbes in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) because of the advantages of self-sustainability. Biased potential on the anode was capable of adjusting the performance of non-photo BESs, and the microbial community structure was also changed; however, few studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of potential on microbial community structure in photo-BESs. In this work, the response of microbial community structure to different potentials (i...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634714/microbial-community-shift-in-a-suspended-stuffing-biological-reactor-with-pre-attached-aerobic-denitrifier
#20
Cong Du, Chongwei Cui, Shan Qiu, Shanwen Xu, Shengnan Shi, Thangavel Sangeetha, Fang Ma
Bioaugmentation is substantially determined by pre-attached communities in biological stuffing systems. However, the inevitable changes of microbial community shift occurred between pre-attached microorganisms on stuffing material and other existing communities in wastewater. Targeting at nitrogen removal in aerobic denitrification reactors, biological augmentation was built by polyurethane supporting material and aerobic denitrification bacteria of Pseudomonas stutzeri strains were primarily colonized. The total nitrogen removal reached a high efficiency of 77 ± 6%, resulting from a relative high nitrate removal (90%) and a low nitrite production of 24 mg l(-1)...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
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