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World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology

M Macchi, M Martinez, R M Neme Tauil, M P Valacco, I S Morelli, B M Coppotelli
In order to study the mechanisms regulating the phenanthrene degradation pathway and the intermediate-metabolite accumulation in strain S. paucimobilis 20006FA, we sequenced the genome and compared the genome-based predictions to experimental proteomic analyses. Physiological studies indicated that the degradation involved the salicylate and protocatechuate pathways, reaching 56.3% after 15 days. Furthermore, the strain degraded other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) such as anthracene (13.1%), dibenzothiophene (76...
December 6, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Jingjing Liu, Jianghua Li, Hyun-Dong Shin, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen, Long Liu
As intermediates in the TCA cycle, L-malate and its derivatives have been widely applied in the food, pharmaceutical, agriculture, and bio-based material industries. In recent years, biological routes have been regarded as very promising approaches as cost-effective ways to L-malate production from low-priced raw materials. In this mini-review, we provide a comprehensive overview of current developments of L-malate production using both biocatalysis and microbial fermentation. Biocatalysis is enzymatic transformation of fumarate to L-malate, here, the source of enzymes, catalytic conditions, and enzymatic molecular modification may be concluded...
December 6, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Rakesh Kumar, Divya Rashmi
The biodegradation of furfuryl alcohol (FA) in shake flask experiments using a pure culture of Pseudomonas putida (MTCC 1194) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC 1034) was studied at 30 °C and pH 7.0. Experiments were performed at different FA concentrations ranging from 50 to 500 mg/l. Before carrying out the biodegradation studies, the bacterial strains were acclimatized to the concentration of 500 mg/l of FA by gradually raising 100 mg/l of FA in each step. The well acclimatized culture of P. putida and P...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Assar Ali Shah, Yuan Xianjun, Dong Zhihao, Li Junfeng, Tao Shao
The aim of the present study was isolation and molecular identification of lactic acid bacteria from King grass and their application to improve the fermentation quality of sweet Sorghum. Seventy-six strains of LAB were isolated; five strains were selected for Physiological and morphological tests and 16S rRNA sequencing. All five strains grew at different pH 3.5-8.0, different temperature 35, 40, 45, 50 °C and different NaCl concentrations 3, 6.5, 9.5%. Strains HDASK were identified Lactobacillus plantarum and SK3907, SK2A32, SK3A42 and ASKDD Pediococcus acidilactici...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Nina V Evseeva, Oksana V Tkachenko, Gennady L Burygin, Larisa Yu Matora, Yuriy V Lobachev, Sergei Yu Shchyogolev
We evaluated the effect of lipopolysaccharides from the plant-growth-promoting associative bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 and from the enteric bacterium Escherichia coli K12 on the morphogenic potential of in vitro-growing somatic calluses of soft spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Saratovskaya 29). A genetic model was used that included two near-isogenic lines of T. aestivum L. cv. Saratovskaya 29 with different embryogenic capacities; one of these lines carries the Rht-B1 dwarfing gene, whereas the other lacks it...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Nor Azreen Mohd Jamil, Noraswati Mohd Nor Rashid, Mohamad Hasril Abd Hamid, Norasfaliza Rahmad, Jameel R Al-Obaidi
Tiger's milk mushroom is known for its valuable medicinal properties, especially the tuber part. However, wild tuber is very hard to obtain as it grows underground. This study first aimed to cultivate tiger's milk mushroom tuber through a cultivation technique, and second to compare nutritional and mycochemical contents, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities and compound screening of the cultivated tuber with the wild tuber. Results showed an increase in carbohydrate content by 45.81% and protein content by 123...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ayan Roy, Arnab Sen, Sourav Chakrobarty, Indrani Sarkar
Mycobacterium is an interesting genus which not only includes intimidating pathogens, associated with severe devastations globally, but also comprises of non-pathogenic eco-friendly members that detoxify environmental pollutants. Secretory proteins of the mycobacterial communities are essential components which are firmly believed to facilitate proper cross-talk and apt communication with host cellular surroundings and environmental niche. Secretory elements also play vital roles in mycobacterial pathogenesis...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Oisin McManamon, Johann Scollard, Achim Schmalenberger
Listeria monocytogenes is a particular risk for the ready-to-eat food sector because of its ability to grow in various environmental conditions. In the literature, growth and survival of L. monocytogenes on food is tested using inoculation densities ranging from less than 102 to over 105 CFU g-1. Inoculation densities on food have been rarely tested as a factor for growth. In this study, inoculation densities from 102 to 105 of L. monocytogenes were tested on iceberg lettuce (Lactuca sativa) in modified atmospheres and air in model packages at 4 and 8 °C to identify any potential inoculation density effects...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Safri Ishmayana, Ursula J Kennedy, Robert P Learmonth
Membrane lipid unsaturation index and membrane fluidity have been related to yeast ethanol stress tolerance in published studies, however findings have been inconsistent. In this study, viability reduction on exposure to 18% (v/v) ethanol was compared to membrane fluidity determined by laurdan generalized polarization. Furthermore, in the determination of viability reduction, we examined the effectiveness of two methods, namely total plate count and methylene violet staining. We found a strong negative correlation between ethanol tolerance and membrane fluidity, indicated by negative Pearson correlation coefficients of - 0...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Renata Gudiukaite, Alisa Gricajeva
Genetic fusion of coding ORFs or connection of proteins in a post translational process are rather novel techniques to build products called fusion proteins that possess combined characteristics of their parental biomolecules. This attractive strategy used to create new enzymes not only diversifies their functionality by improving thermostability, thermo- and catalytic activity, substrate specificity, regio- or enantio-selectivity but also facilitates their purification and increases their yield. Many examples of microbial synthetic fusion biocatalysts are associated with fused enzymes that are involved in biomass degradation...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Yan Liu, Zi-Ming Yang, Zheng-Lian Xue, Zhou Wang, Shi-Guang Zhao, Long-Bao Zhu, Liu-Xiu Hu, Xiu-Min Ding, Yun Su
Menaquinone (MK) has important applications in the pharmaceutical and food industries. To increase the production rate (QP) of MK-4, we developed a straightforward biotransformation method for MK-4 synthesis directly from its precursors 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate (DHNA) and farnesol using whole cells of genetically engineered Elizabethkingia meningoseptica. Results showed that MK-4 can be produced directly from farnesol and DHNA using both free and immobilized FM-D198 cells. MK-4 yield peaked at 29.85 ± 0...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Min Lei, Xiangli Wu, Jinxia Zhang, Hexiang Wang, Chenyang Huang
Pleurotus ostreatus is widely cultivated worldwide, but the lack of an efficient transformation system regarding its use restricts its genetic research. The present study developed an improved and efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation method in P. ostreatus. Four parameters were optimized to obtain the most efficient transformation method. The strain LBA4404 was the most suitable for the transformation of P. ostreatus. A bacteria-to-protoplast ratio of 100:1, an acetosyringone (AS) concentration of 0...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Zhengjun Xie, Luansha Hu, Yuan Li, Shijie Geng, Saisai Cheng, Xiongfeng Fu, Shoumei Zhao, Xinyan Han
This study investigated the effects of dietary fresh fermented soybean meal (FSM) on the intestinal microbiota and metabolites, bacterial enzyme activity and intestinal morphology of weaning piglets. A total of 64 weaned piglets were randomly allocated into two treatments. A corn-soybean-based diet was used as the control and other treatment was fed the same basal diet containing 15% fresh FSM. The feeding trial lasted for 21 days. Bacterial community structure and diversity in the cecum and colon were assessed using pyrosequencing-based analysis...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Daisuke Tanaka, Toyo Takahashi, Yoko Yamashiro, Hitoshi Tanaka, Yuzuru Kimochi, Masaki Nishio, Akihiro Sakatoku, Shogo Nakamura
The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of seasonal variations and the effects of physicochemical conditions on the bacterioplankton communities in two small rivers, the Moo and Nakayachi Rivers in the Himi region of central Japan. These rivers are inhabited by unionid freshwater mussels, which are used for oviposition by the endangered Itasenpara bitterling (Acheilognathus longipinnis). Water samples were collected every month between March 2011 and February 2012. Changes in bacterioplankton community structures were analysed using an approach that did not require cultivating the bacteria and involved PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Josiane Ferreira Pires, Larissa de Souza Cardoso, Rosane Freitas Schwan, Cristina Ferreira Silva
Cultivable microbiota presents in a coffee semi-dry processing wastewater treatment plant (WTP) was identified. Thirty-two operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected, these being 16 bacteria, 11 yeasts and 4 filamentous fungi. Bacteria dominated the microbial population (11.61 log CFU mL(- 1)), and presented the highest total diversity index when observed in the WTP aerobic stage (Shannon = 1.94 and Simpson = 0.81). The most frequent bacterial species were Enterobacter asburiae, Sphingobacterium griseoflavum, Chryseobacterium bovis, Serratia marcescens, Corynebacterium flavescens, Acetobacter orientalis and Acetobacter indonesiensis; these showed the largest total bacteria populations in the WTP, with approximately 10 log CFU mL(- 1)...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Haiting Hao, Xia Zhao, Yun Wang, Yubao Zhang, Zhongkui Xie, Zhihong Guo, Ruoyu Wang
Gravel and sand mulching is an indigenous technology used for the crop yield for at least 300 years in the loess area of northwest China; however, little is known about the changes of soil bacterial community and metabolic capability under the mulching. In this study, we investigated the soil microbial community structure and metabolic functional diversity during mulching using Illumina MiSeq sequencing and Biolog ECO method. Totally, 9417 OTUs were classified at 97% similarity level for soil samples after 0 (control), 4, 7, and 10 years of mulching...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Lulu Song, Yefu Chen, Yongjing Du, Xibin Wang, Xuewu Guo, Jian Dong, Dongguang Xiao
Proteinase A (PrA), the major protease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, plays an essential role in zymogen activation, sporulation, and other physiological processes in vivo. The extracellular secretion of PrA often occurs during alcoholic fermentation, especially in the later stages when the yeast cells are under stress conditions, and affects the quality and safety of fermented products. Thus, the mechanism underlying PrA excretion must be explored to improve the quality and safety of fermented products. This paper briefly introduces the structure and physiological function of PrA...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Huanqing Niu, Wei Yang, Kun Zhuang, Xiaochun Chen, Yong Chen, Dong Liu, Jinglan Wu, Chenjie Zhu, Hanjie Ying
Available molecular and genetic tools for the genetic manipulation of Arthrobacter species are limited until now. In gene engineering, a continuous set of promoters with various strengths are of importance for fine-tuning gene expression in metabolic optimization and control analysis. Here, for the first time, we constructed a promoter trap system using green fluorescence protein (GFP) as a reporter, for screening and characterizing functional Arthrobacter promoters. Twenty-three Arthrobacter transformants of various GFP fluorescence strengths were isolated and characterized through the analysis of DNA sequences...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ruoyun Li, Guotong Xiong, Shukun Yuan, Zufang Wu, Yingjie Miao, Peifang Weng
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been widely used for wine fermentation and bio-fuels production. A S. cerevisiae strain Sc131 isolated from tropical fruit shows good fermentation properties and ethanol tolerance, exhibiting significant potential in Chinese bayberry wine fermentation. In this study, RNA-sequence and RT-qPCR was used to investigate the transcriptome profile of Sc131 in response to ethanol stress. Scanning Electron Microscopy were carried out to observe surface morphology of yeast cells. Totally, 937 genes were identified differential expressed, including 587 up-regulated and 350 down-regulated genes, after 4-h ethanol stress (10% v/v)...
November 3, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
D Sunil Kumar, P Janakiram, M Murali Krishna Kumar, G Krishna Geetha
The crude extract isolated from the visceral mass of Anadara granosa, an intertidal bivalve mollusc was tested for inhibitory activity against pathogenic bacteria of the shrimp and fish viz. Vibrio harveyi and Staphylococcus aureus respectively by agar well diffusion and contact bioautography methods. Maximum inhibitory activity was shown against V. harveyi by methanol and chloroform (9:1) extract. Twelve fractions (1-12) could be separated from the crude extract through column chromatography. Five out of twelve fractions (7, 8, 9, 10, and 11) showed antibacterial activity and they were further run on column chromatography for purity...
November 3, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
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