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Coronary Artery Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328784/direct-xa-inhibitors-in-addition-to-antiplatelet-therapy-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#1
Pedro A Villablanca, David Holmes, Divyanshu Mohananey, David F Briceno, Ivan J Núñez Gil, Faraj Kargoli, Tanush Gupta, Jorge R Kizer, Anna E Bortnick, Jose Wiley, Mark A Menegus, Robert Pyo, Mario García, Harish Ramakrishna, Farouk Mookadam
OBJECTIVE: We carried out a meta-analysis summarizing the efficacy and safety of direct factor Xa inhibitor (DXI) in patients receiving guideline-based antiplatelet therapy (GBAT) after an acute coronary syndrome. BACKGROUND: Randomized-controlled trials have shown that the addition of a DXI to GBAT after acute coronary syndrome can reduce ischemic events, the trade-off being an increase in major bleeding complications. METHODS: PubMed, Central, Embase, The Cochrane Register, Google Scholar databases, and the scientific session abstracts were searched for eligible randomized trials from 1 January 1990 through 31 December 2016...
March 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328783/iatrogenic-left-circumflex-vessel-occlusion-after-minimal-access-mitral-valve-repair-the-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Hesham K Abdelaziz, Andrew Wiper, Palanikumar Saravanan, Joseph Zacharias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306588/is-there-an-obesity-paradox-in-coronary-heart-disease-in-asia
#3
Carl J Lavie, Sergey Kachur, Alban De Schutter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306587/comparison-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-and-the-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes
#4
Aya J Alame, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Barbara A Danek, Erica Resendes, Jose R Martinez Parachini, Pratik Kalsaria, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, Paul Sorajja, Hani Jneid, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have been developing guidelines to assist clinicians in making evidence-based decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current ACC/AHA and ESC guidelines for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) that were updated in 2014 and 2015, respectively, were compared to assess the number of recommendations on the basis of class of recommendation and level of evidence (LOE), the sources cited, and the content...
March 16, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288008/hiv-status-and-type-of-coronary-stent-placed-in-patients-presenting-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Aiham Albaeni, Che Harris, Shaker M Eid, Marwan S Abougergi, Scott M Wright
BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents (DES) outperform bare-metal stents (BMS) in reducing target vessel revascularization following a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Little is known about the types of stents placed in HIV-positive patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs). METHODS: We used the 2003-2013 National Inpatient Sample to identify adults of 18 years or older presenting with STEMI. We evaluated differences in stent type placed following STEMIs on the basis of HIV status...
March 10, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288007/clinical-utility-of-the-heart-score-in-patients-admitted-with-chest-pain-to-an-inner-city-hospital-in-the-usa
#6
Soumya Patnaik, Mahek Shah, Yaser Alhamshari, Pradhum Ram, Ritika Puri, Marvin Lu, Percy Balderia, John B Imms, Obiora Maludum, Vincent M Figueredo
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is one of the most common presentations to a hospital, and appropriate triaging of these patients can be challenging. The HEART score has been used for such purposes in some countries and only a few validation studies from the USA are available. We aim to determine the utility of the HEART score in patients presenting with chest pain to an inner-city hospital in the USA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively screened 417 consecutive patients admitted with chest pain to the observation/telemetry units at Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia...
March 10, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272162/routine-angiographic-follow-up-versus-clinical-follow-up-in-patients-with-multivessel-coronary-artery-diseases-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-drug-eluting-stents-a-nested-case-control-study-within-a-korean-population
#7
Yong Hoon Kim, Ae-Young Her, Seung-Woon Rha, Byoung Geol Choi, Minsuk Shim, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Hu Li, Woohyeun Kim, Jun Hyuk Kang, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Sung-Hun Park, Sunki Lee, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh
OBJECTIVE: The difference in the usefulness of routine angiographic follow-up (RAF) and clinical follow-up (CF) after a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD) patients has not been well clarified as yet. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 642 consecutive MVD patients who underwent PCI with drug-eluting stents (DES) were enrolled. RAF was performed at 6-9 months after the index PCI (n=374) and others were medically managed and clinically followed (n=268)...
March 7, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257295/coronary-artery-calcification-detection-with-invasive-coronary-angiography-in-comparison-with-unenhanced-computed-tomography
#8
Joris D van Dijk, Mohammad S Shams, Jan Paul Ottervanger, Mohamed Mouden, Jorn A van Dalen, Pieter L Jager
OBJECTIVE: The presence of extensive coronary artery calcifications (CAC) influences treatment decisions, particularly for revascularization. However, important CAC might be missed with invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Our aim was to determine the accuracy of ICA in the identification of CAC using computed tomography (CT) as reference standard. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 349 consecutive patients who underwent both CT-based CAC-scoring and invasive coronary angiography within 60 days were retrospectively included...
March 2, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252518/distinctive-atherosclerotic-features-in-coronary-and-peripheral-arteries
#9
Luca Di Vito, Simona Silenzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240675/impact-of-chronic-statin-therapy-on-clinical-presentation-and-underlying-lesion-morphology-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-intervention-an-adapt-des-ivus-substudy
#10
Tadayuki Kadohira, Gary S Mintz, Cristiano F Souza, Bernhard Witzenbichler, D Christopher Metzger, Michael J Rinaldi, Ernest L Mazzaferri, Peter L Duffy, Giora Weisz, Thomas D Stuckey, Bruce R Brodie, Aaron Crowley, Ajay J Kirtane, Gregg W Stone, Akiko Maehara
OBJECTIVE: Previous intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) studies have not established a relationship between chronic statin use and plaque morphology and composition in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to use pre-PCI grayscale and virtual histology (VH)-IVUS to assess plaque morphology and composition in patients treated with chronic statin therapy compared with patients who were not taking statins before admission and PCI. METHODS: In a prespecified substudy of the Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy with Drug-Eluting Stents study, pre-PCI grayscale and VH-IVUS were performed in 780 patients with 916 culprit and 765 nonculprit lesions...
February 24, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225389/evaluating-the-utility-of-markers-of-thromboxane-activity-and-oxidative-stress-in-cardiovascular-risk-prediction
#11
Hiroyoshi Mori, Emanuel Harari, Sho Torii, Renu Virmani, Aloke V Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225388/mechanical-and-pharmacologic-treatment-in-a-patient-with-a-coronary-artery-aneurysm-and-acute-coronary-syndrome
#12
Grigorios Korosoglou, Tom Eisele, Peter Nunninger, Sorin Giusca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225387/successful-treatment-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-with-intracoronary-imaging-guidance
#13
Bruno Brochado, André Luz, João Silveira, Henrique C Carvalho, Severo Torres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225386/acute-myocardial-infarction-and-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#14
Salik Nazir, Niranjan Tachamo, Saroj Lohani, Rittu Hingorani, Dilli R Poudel, Anthony Donato
BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is a disorder associated with both arterial and venous thromboembolic disease, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Given that management with anticoagulants is critical and differs from usual AMI care, identification of key discriminators of patients with AMI with APS is important. METHODS: We performed an English-language systematic review of the literature of cases and case series of patients with AMI and APS from inception until 20 March 2016, collecting demographics, investigations, and outcomes...
February 20, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207567/relationship-between-r-wave-peak-time-and-no-reflow-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-a-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#15
Metin Çağdaş, Süleyman Karakoyun, İbrahim Rencüzoğullari, Yavuz Karabağ, Mahmut Yesin, Mahmut Uluganyan, Mustafa O Gürsoy, İnanç Artaç, Doğan İliş, Süleyman Ç Efe, Onur Taşar
Coronary no-reflow (NR) is observed in nearly half of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who undergo a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) despite epicardial coronary vessel patency. Several methods used to define NR include thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade, corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count, myocardial blush grade, ST-segment resolution, contrast echocardiography, and MRI. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between NR and R-wave peak time (RWPT) measured from infarct-related artery leads METHOD: We enrolled 282 consecutive STEMI patients treated with pPCI in Kafkas University Hospital from January 2014 to January 2015...
February 15, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121665/body-mass-index-carotid-plaque-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Hyun Woong Park, Ki-Hong Kim, In Girl Song, Taek-Geun Kwon, Wan Ho Kim, Jang-Ho Bae
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the relationship among BMI, carotid sonographic findings, and long-term (5 years) cardiovascular events in Asian patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 1342 consecutive patients with CAD, who were stratified into four groups according to weight status, as defined by the WHO for the Asian population: underweight (group I: BMI<18.5 kg/m, n=38); normal weight (group II: 18.5≤BMI<23...
January 31, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118185/comparison-of-plaque-morphology-between-peripheral-and-coronary-artery-disease-from-the-clarity-and-adapt-des-ivus-substudies
#17
Da Yin, Mitsuaki Matsumura, John Rundback, Jason A Yoho, Bernhard Witzenbichler, Gregg W Stone, Gary S Mintz, Akiko Maehara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to help understand the different outcomes when treating peripheral arterial disease (PAD) versus coronary artery disease (CAD). We compared plaque morphology between PAD and CAD using intravascular ultrasound. METHODS: Complete Lesion Assessment with ffR and IVUS TechnologY (CLARITY) was a prospective, multicenter trial that enrolled 50 PAD patients with a lower extremity wound fed by a tibial or a peroneal artery with diameter stenosis more than 50%...
January 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085708/coronary-spasm-induced-recurrent-ventricular-fibrillation-insights-into-possible-mechanisms-by-a-multimodality-approach
#18
Stephane Fournier, Juan F Iglesias, Valentina Garelli, Marie Guinat, Catalina Trana, Olivier Muller, Pier-Giorgio Masci, Patrizio Pascale, Sarah Hugelshofer, Sophie Degrauwe, Christan Roguelov, Eric Eeckhout, Andrea Zuffi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072597/reperfusion-injury-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-the-final-frontier
#19
Gjin Ndrepepa, Roisin Colleran, Adnan Kastrati
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reperfusion injury (RI) following the opening of an occluded coronary artery mitigates the effect of reperfusion by further accentuating ischemic damage and increasing infarct size. Experimental studies have shown that nearly 50% of final infarct size is attributable to RI, an elusive phenomenon that remains resistant to treatment. This review proposes a hypothesis to explain the failure of strategies that have been used in an attempt to prevent RI...
January 7, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059849/is-age-an-important-factor-for-vascular-response-to-statin-therapy-a-serial-optical-coherence-tomography-and-intravascular-ultrasound-study
#20
Jiannan Dai, Jingbo Hou, Lei Xing, Haibo Jia, Sining Hu, Tsunenari Soeda, Yoshiyasu Minami, Daniel Ong, Rocco Vergallo, Shaosong Zhang, Hang Lee, Bo Yu, Ik-Kyung Jang
OBJECTIVE: Age-related structural and functional changes in vessel wall may affect the time course of vascular response to statin therapy. In this study, we sought to compare the response of lipid-rich plaque to statin therapy in elderly versus younger patients using optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients who underwent serial optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound at the time point of baseline, 6, and 12 months were divided into two groups according to median age: group A (age<57 years, n=35) and group B (age≥57 years, n=34)...
January 4, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
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