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Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140498/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-oncology-care
#1
Justin C Brown, Jennifer A Ligibel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#2
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140496/association-between-use-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-herbal-therapy-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-stage-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Yun Xu, Jun J Mao, Lingyun Sun, Lin Yang, Jie Li, Yingxu Hao, Huashan Li, Wei Hou, Yuping Chu, Yu Bai, Xiaoqiang Jia, Jinwan Wang, Lin Shen, Ying Zhang, Jianbin Wang, Jianping Liu, Yufei Yang
Background: Chinese cancer patients often use Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbal medicine during or after active cancer treatments. However, little is known about how TCM herbal medicine impacts cancer outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the association between TCM herbal therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer. Methods: We conducted an eight-center prospective cohort study in China among patients who had undergone radical resection for stage II and III colorectal cancer...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140495/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-pediatric-oncology-and-low-middle-income-countries-recommendations-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-siop-t-cm-collaborative
#4
Elena J Ladas, Stacey Marjerrison, Brijesh Arora, Peter B Hesseling, Roberta Ortiz, Federico Antillon, Shalini Jatia, Glenn M Afungchwi
Significant strides have been made in the treatment of childhood cancer. Improvements in survival have led to increased attention toward supportive care indications; including the use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM). The use of T&CM among children and adolescents with cancer is well documented in both high-income countries (HICs) and low-middle income countries (LMICs). A higher incidence of the use of T&CM has been reported among children undergoing treatment in LMICs, which has elevated concerns related to drug interactions, adherence to therapy, and treatment-related toxicities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140494/comparative-effectiveness-research-in-integrative-oncology
#5
Claudia M Witt, Patricia M Herman, Sean Tunis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#6
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140492/integrating-traditional-and-allopathic-medicine-an-opportunity-to-improve-global-health-in-cancer
#7
Edward L Trimble, Preetha Rajaraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140491/validation-and-application-of-the-md-anderson-symptom-inventory-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-mdasi-tcm
#8
Zhandong Li, Qiuling Shi, Meng Liu, Liqun Jia, Bin He, Yufei Yang, Jie Liu, Hongsheng Lin, Huei-Kai Lin, Pingping Li, Xin Shelley Wang
Background: The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) is a brief, yet thorough, patient-reported outcomes measure for assessing the severity of common cancer-related symptoms and their interference with daily functioning. We report the development of an MDASI version tailored for use with Traditional Chinese Medicine in China (the MDASI-TCM). Methods: Chinese-speaking patients with mixed cancer types (n = 317) participated in the study. The development and validation process included four steps: 1) identify candidate TCM-specific items, with input from patients, oncologists, and TCM specialists; 2) eliminate candidate TCM items lacking relevance, based on patient report; 3) psychometrically examine the MDASI-TCM's validity and reliability in cancer patients receiving TCM-based care; and 4) cognitively debrief patients to assess the MDASI-TCM's relevance, understandability, and acceptability...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#9
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140489/including-the-patient-voice-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research-in-integrative-oncology
#10
Jodi MacLeod, Edward Wolff, Alice McAllister, Jun J Mao, Sheila N Garland
The objective of this paper is to describe our experience as patient advisors as we work on a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute-funded project, CHoosing Options for Insomnia in Cancer Effectively (CHOICE). The CHOICE Study is a comparative effectiveness trial comparing acupuncture with cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in cancer survivors. We describe the composition of the patient advisory panel, the patient engagement process, and our contributions throughout the study, and we highlight some of our successes so far...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#11
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140487/comprehensive-lifestyle-change-harnessing-synergy-to-improve-cancer-outcomes
#12
Lorenzo Cohen, Alison Jefferies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140486/the-national-cancer-institute-s-conference-on-acupuncture-for-symptom-management-in-oncology-state-of-the-science-evidence-and-research-gaps
#13
Farah Z Zia, Oluwadamilola Olaku, Ting Bao, Ann Berger, Gary Deng, Arthur Yin Fan, Mary K Garcia, Patricia M Herman, Ted J Kaptchuk, Elena J Ladas, Helene M Langevin, Lixing Lao, Weidong Lu, Vitaly Napadow, Richard C Niemtzow, Andrew J Vickers, Xin Shelley Wang, Claudia M Witt, Jun J Mao
The Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis, Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a symposium on "Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management" on June 16 and 17, 2016. Invited speakers included 19 scientists and scholars with expertise in acupuncture and cancer research from the United States, Europe, and China. The conference reviewed the NCI's grant funding on acupuncture, analyzed the needs of cancer patients, reviewed safety issues, and assessed both the current scientific evidence and research gaps of acupuncture in oncology care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140485/growth-of-integrative-medicine-at-leading-cancer-centers-between-2009-and-2016-a-systematic-analysis-of-nci-designated-comprehensive-cancer-center-websites
#14
Hyeongjun Yun, Lingyun Sun, Jun J Mao
Background: Cancer centers have increasingly offered integrative medicine therapies in response to their patients' unmet needs. We evaluated the growth of integrative medicine in leading academic cancer centers in the United States as reflected by their public-facing websites. Methods: We performed a systematic review of 45 National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated comprehensive cancer center websites. Two researchers independently evaluated whether the websites provided information regarding integrative medicine modalities and, if so, whether the services were provided in the same health system...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140484/state-of-the-science-cancer-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-therapeutics-research-nci-strategic-workshop-highlights-of-discussion-report
#15
Dan Xi, Ting Bao, Qi Chen, Sushing Chen, Yung-Chi Cheng, Joseph Cullen, David A Frank, Jonathan W Friedberg, Ian Kronish, Jeffrey E Lee, Mark Levine, Pingping Li, Shao Li, Weidong Lu, Jun J Mao, Stephen O'Keefe, Larry Rubinstein, Manish A Shah, Leanna Standish, Channing J Paller, Edward Chu
In May 2016, the Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Division of Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment, of the National Cancer Institute convened a special workshop focused on the State of the Science: Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine Therapeutics Research. The current state of the science, gaps, and future opportunities were reviewed and discussed by a distinguished panel of experts in this field of research, and the highlights of this meeting are reported herein.
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#16
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063898/erratum-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-use-of-integrative-therapies-as-supportive-care-in-patients-treated-for-breast-cancer
#17
Heather Greenlee, Lynda G Balneaves, Linda E Carlson, Misha Cohen, Gary Deng, Dawn Hershman, Matthrew Mumber, Jane Perlmutter, Dugald Seely, Amanda Sen, Suzanna M Zick, Debu Tripathy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063897/erratum-cancer-survival-an-overview-of-measures-uses-and-interpretation
#18
Angela B Mariotto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063896/international-expert-consensus-on-primary-systemic-therapy-in-the-management-of-early-breast-cancer-highlights-of-the-fifth-symposium-on-primary-systemic-therapy-in-the-management-of-operable-breast-cancer-cremona-italy-2013
#19
Vito Amoroso, Daniele Generali, Thomas Buchholz, Massimo Cristofanilli, Rebecca Pedersini, Giuseppe Curigliano, Maria Grazia Daidone, Serena Di Cosimo, Mitchell Dowsett, Stephen Fox, Adrian L Harris, Andreas Makris, Lucia Vassalli, Andrea Ravelli, Maria Rosa Cappelletti, Christos Hatzis, Clifford A Hudis, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Anna Sapino, Vladimir Semiglazov, Gunter Von Minckwitz, Edda L Simoncini, Michael A Jacobs, Peter Barry, Thorsten Kühn, Sarah Darby, Kerstin Hermelink, Fraser Symmans, Alessandra Gennari, Gaia Schiavon, Luigi Dogliotti, Alfredo Berruti, Alberto Bottini
Expert consensus-based recommendations regarding key issues in the use of primary (or neoadjuvant) systemic treatment (PST) in patients with early breast cancer are a valuable resource for practising oncologists. PST remains a valuable therapeutic approach for the assessment of biological antitumor activity and clinical efficacy of new treatments in clinical trials. Neoadjuvant trials provide endpoints, such as pathological complete response (pCR) to treatment, that potentially translate into meaningful improvements in overall survival and disease-free survival...
May 2015: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063895/radiotherapy-issues-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#20
Kimberley S Mak, Jay R Harris
Radiotherapy (RT) is standard following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) and breast-conserving surgery. NCT leads to pathologic down-staging, allowing some patients to undergo breast-conserving therapy (BCT) instead of mastectomy. BCT can also be considered in select stage III patients who respond well to NCT. Clearly-negative surgical margins should be obtained in all patients undergoing BCT. RT is used selectively following NCT and mastectomy. Indications for RT have not been fully established; retrospective data and results from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project B-18 and B-27 currently form the basis for recommending RT...
May 2015: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
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