journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898471/green-disease-in-optical-coherence-tomography-diagnosis-of-glaucoma
#1
Mohamed S Sayed, Michael Margolis, Richard K Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an integral component of modern glaucoma practice. Utilizing color codes, OCT analysis has rendered glaucoma diagnosis and follow-up simpler and faster for the busy clinician. However, green labeling of OCT parameters suggesting normal values may confer a false sense of security, potentially leading to missed diagnoses of glaucoma and/or glaucoma progression. RECENT FINDINGS: Conditions in which OCT color coding may be falsely negative (i...
December 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875350/pediatric-glaucoma-review-of-recent-literature
#2
Annette Giangiacomo, Allen Beck
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to update the clinician on the recent work in the field of pediatric glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Using the iCare tonometer to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) in children is highly successful. New data from the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study show that after 5 years of follow-up the risk of developing glaucoma is similar between patients that receive initial intraocular lens implantation and those who are left aphakic...
December 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898470/lamina-cribrosa-in-glaucoma
#3
J Crawford Downs, Christopher A Girkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article presents, summarizes, and interprets the most recent advances in the study and understanding of the lamina cribrosa in glaucoma, in the context of previous work. RECENT FINDINGS: The lamina is an active living structure that responds to strain by changing morphology at the micro-scale and macro-scale in glaucoma. Changes in lamina cribrosa morphology in glaucoma include posteriorization of the laminar insertion into the sclera, increased cupping or depth of the lamina cribrosa, and the development of focal lamina cribrosa defects...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898469/update-on-pigment-dispersion-syndrome-and-pigmentary-glaucoma
#4
Kingsley Okafor, Kateki Vinod, Steven J Gedde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article reviews the clinical features and pathogenesis of pigment dispersion syndrome and pigmentary glaucoma and provides an update regarding their diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: Newer imaging modalities including ultrasound biomicroscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography facilitate visualization of the iris concavity characteristic of eyes with pigment dispersion syndrome and pigmentary glaucoma. Patients with pigmentary glaucoma may be distinguished from those with other glaucoma types by the presence of typical symptoms, personality type, and patterns of diurnal intraocular pressure fluctuation...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898468/update-on-ciliary-body-laser-procedures
#5
Behzad Amoozgar, Eileen N Phan, Shan C Lin, Ying Han
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are currently various options available for glaucoma treatment procedures ranging from laser to penetrating to nonpenetrating surgeries. Innovations in glaucoma surgical therapeutics include features such as external application, focused tissue effects, and minimal manipulation as these factors all help lower the risk of side-effects in addition to increasing the success rate of the treatment. Traditional diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) is invasive and destructive...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898467/an-update-on-therapeutic-modalities-for-the-prevention-of-angle-closure-glaucoma
#6
Behzad Amoozgar, Sasan Moghimi, Ying Han, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Angle closure glaucoma is a prominent burden for the worldwide health system. Because this disorder is commonly asymptomatic, and can lead to irreversible blindness, the proper screening and early management of this disease can be critical. The definitions of angle closure and consequently its treatment guidelines have been dynamically modified and updated in the past decades. Surgical and laser techniques have been adapted to address the different mechanisms involved in the manifestation of the disease and properly prevent its progression in different stages...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898466/genetics-and-genetic-testing-for-glaucoma
#7
Matthew A Miller, John H Fingert, Daniel I Bettis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent decades, investigators have identified numerous genes and genetic factors that cause or contribute risk for glaucoma. These findings have increased our understanding of disease mechanisms, provided us with new diagnostic tools, and may allow for development of improved therapies for glaucoma. However, genetic testing is most useful when it is reserved for appropriate patients. The purpose of this article is to review key points and recent developments regarding the genetics and genetic testing for glaucoma and to provide recommendations for when genetic testing may be warranted...
November 25, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828897/patch-graft-materials-for-glaucoma-tube-implants
#8
John T Lind, Thomas S Shute, Arsham Sheybani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patch graft materials serve multiple purposes in glaucoma surgery. There are several choices of patch graft materials from which the surgeon can choose. Therefore, knowledge as to the choices and the potential risks and benefits of patch graft materials is imperative for the glaucoma surgeon. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies evaluate both patch graft materials and techniques. This evaluation is timely as facility reimbursement changes may also impact utilization and technique...
November 8, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828896/new-classes-of-glaucoma-medications
#9
Emily M Schehlein, Gary D Novack, Alan L Robin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss recent advances in the medical management of glaucoma and to highlight future medical therapies currently in development. RECENT FINDINGS: In 1996, latanoprost (Xalatan) was approved in the United States as a new chemical entity and new class (prostaglandin analogs) for the topical treatment of ocular hypertension and glaucoma. In the period from the late 1990s-2010s, while there were additional new chemical entities, fixed dose combinations, and formulation improvements, there were no new classes of ocular hypotensive medications approved worldwide...
November 8, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828895/increasing-healthcare-costs-can-we-influence-the-costs-of-glaucoma-care
#10
Marc Töteberg-Harms, Michael S Berlin, Frances Meier-Gibbons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite a decrease in real average growth rates per capita since 2009, healthcare costs continue to rise worldwide. Numerous patient-related and doctor-related factors have contributed to this rise. Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness and requires chronic, usually lifelong treatment. As with other chronic diseases, the adherence to prescribed treatment is often low and maybe influenced by the cost of the therapy. The purpose of this review is to seek potential solutions to best control the escalating costs of glaucoma care...
November 8, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820751/optic-disc-hemorrhage-in-glaucoma-pathophysiology-and-prognostic-significance
#11
Ko Eun Kim, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the recent findings with regard to the pathophysiology and clinical significance of optic disc hemorrhage in glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: Even though the pathophysiology of disc hemorrhage has been investigated in depth, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. The key disc hemorrhage mechanisms currently under discussion are mechanical vascular disruption and associated vascular susceptibilities. Recent technical advances in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography have yielded more compelling evidence of mechanical vascular disruption behind the pathogenesis of disc hemorrhage in glaucoma...
November 4, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764024/clinical-investigation-of-new-glaucoma-procedures
#12
Kateki Vinod, Steven J Gedde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent studies evaluating the efficacy and complication profiles of novel glaucoma procedures promoting aqueous outflow. RECENT FINDINGS: Literature from the 2015 to 2016 review period includes abundant data regarding new and emerging glaucoma procedures. Notable findings from recent randomized clinical trials include titratability of intraocular pressure with multiple trabecular microbypass stents (iStent; Glaukos, Laguna Hills, California, USA) and greater reduction in intraocular pressure and medication usage following intracanalicular scaffolding (Hydrus Microstent; Ivantis Inc...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764023/sustained-drug-delivery-for-glaucoma-current-data-and-future-trends
#13
Ahmad A Aref
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sustained drug delivery has been recognized as a need for patients with ocular hypertension or glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Several sustained drug delivery systems and devices are currently on the horizon. This review aims to summarize initial results with these platforms, as reported in the literature, and also provide insight into their possible role in the glaucoma treatment paradigm. RECENT FINDINGS: Sustained drug delivery systems currently on the horizon include the topical bimatoprost ocular insert, travoprost and latanoprost punctal plugs, latanoprost-eluting contact lenses, bimatoprost and travoprost intraocular implants, as well as several other therapies in earlier stages of development...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764022/central-corneal-thickness-in-glaucoma
#14
Chelvin C A Sng, Marcus Ang, Keith Barton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the role of central corneal thickness (CCT) in the clinical management of a glaucoma patient. RECENT FINDINGS: The prognostic value of CCT is well recognized in patients with ocular hypertension. However, its predictive value in other glaucoma suspects and patients with established glaucoma is less certain. Tonometry artefacts can result from variations in CCT. However, an adequately validated correction algorithm for Goldmann applanation tonometry measurements does not exist...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902517/editorial-introductions
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828894/rotationally-asymmetric-multifocal-intraocular-lenses-preoperative-considerations-and-postoperative-outcomes
#16
Jonathan E Moore, Richard N McNeely, Eric E Pazo, Tara C B Moore
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The manuscript presents a review of recently published studies reporting objective and subjective outcomes and preoperative considerations of asymmetrical multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). RECENT FINDINGS: Current publications suggest that asymmetrical multifocal IOLs provide good, distance, intermediate and near vision for cataract and clear lens extraction patients. The contrast sensitivity achieved is similar to monofocal IOLs. Photopic phenomenon such as glare and halos has been reduced through the use of these IOLs leading to better patient satisfaction...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820750/the-global-state-of-cataract-blindness
#17
Cameron M Lee, Natalie A Afshari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cataracts are a significant cause of blindness and visual impairment worldwide. The present article reviews the literature and describes the current extent of cataracts globally, barriers to treatment, and recommendations for improving the treatment of cataracts. RECENT FINDINGS: Prevalence and absolute number of blind because of cataracts remain high, although rates are declining in many areas globally. The age-standardized prevalence of blindness in adults older than 50 remains highest in western sub-Saharan Africa, with a rate of 6...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820749/patient-centered-advancements-in-cataract-surgery
#18
Helena E Gali, Natalie A Afshari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820748/triple-procedure-cataract-extraction-intraocular-lens-implantation-and-corneal-graft
#19
Yoshinori Oie, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Corneal triple procedures consist of combined keratoplasty surgery and cataract surgery. Currently, anterior lamellar keratoplasty, endothelial keratoplasty, and conventional penetrating keratoplasty, are very often simultaneously performed with cataract surgery. The present article reviews the recent advances and current developments in corneal triple procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Many new findings have been reported. Core vitrectomy before host trephination and retroillumination during continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis has enabled us to perform penetrating keratoplasty triple procedures more safely...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820747/the-impact-of-age-related-cataract-on-measures-of-frailty-in-an-aging-global-population
#20
Hideki Fukuoka, Natalie A Afshari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the associations among age-related cataract, frailty, and frailty outcomes (e.g., disabilities). RECENT FINDINGS: It is predicted that the proportion of the population aged 65 and older, in developed and developing nations alike, will rise until at least 2050. The proportion of patients suffering from cataracts and frailty is expected to increase, as are age-related diseases. Although there are many papers reporting on the association between frailty outcomes, cataract, and visual impairment, there is a relative paucity of papers describing associations between frailty markers, cataract, and visual impairment...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
journal
journal
30503
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"