Read by QxMD icon Read

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology

Kateki Vinod, Steven J Gedde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews recent studies evaluating the efficacy and complication profiles of novel glaucoma procedures promoting aqueous outflow. RECENT FINDINGS: Literature from the 2015 to 2016 review period includes abundant data regarding new and emerging glaucoma procedures. Notable findings from recent randomized clinical trials include titratability of intraocular pressure with multiple trabecular microbypass stents (iStent; Glaukos, Laguna Hills, California, USA) and greater reduction in intraocular pressure and medication usage following intracanalicular scaffolding (Hydrus Microstent; Ivantis Inc...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Ahmad A Aref
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sustained drug delivery has been recognized as a need for patients with ocular hypertension or glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Several sustained drug delivery systems and devices are currently on the horizon. This review aims to summarize initial results with these platforms, as reported in the literature, and also provide insight into their possible role in the glaucoma treatment paradigm. RECENT FINDINGS: Sustained drug delivery systems currently on the horizon include the topical bimatoprost ocular insert, travoprost and latanoprost punctal plugs, latanoprost-eluting contact lenses, bimatoprost and travoprost intraocular implants, as well as several other therapies in earlier stages of development...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Chelvin C A Sng, Marcus Ang, Keith Barton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the role of central corneal thickness (CCT) in the clinical management of a glaucoma patient. RECENT FINDINGS: The prognostic value of CCT is well recognized in patients with ocular hypertension. However, its predictive value in other glaucoma suspects and patients with established glaucoma is less certain. Tonometry artefacts can result from variations in CCT. However, an adequately validated correction algorithm for Goldmann applanation tonometry measurements does not exist...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
C Andres Benatti, Natalie A Afshari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review updates the mechanisms, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of Descemet membrane detachment after cataract surgery, particularly during cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: The advent of new imaging techniques like the anterior segment optical coherence tomography and a better comprehension of the clinical and pathological aspects of detachment, has improved the diagnosis and treatment of this complication to the extent that the first algorithms and protocols have been proposed...
October 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Claudia E Perez-Straziota, J Bradley Randleman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article describes different strategies for corneal measurements and/or intraocular lens (IOL) calculations and proposes a systematic approach for IOL selection in patients who have undergone laser corneal refractive surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Corneal measurements and IOL calculations cannot be obtained accurately with the standard measuring technologies and formulas in patients with history of laser corneal refractive surgery; therefore a variety of methods and formulas, some of which required prerefractive surgery data, have been proposed to improve the accuracy of measurements and calculations...
September 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Ranjodh Singh, Thomas H Dohlman, Grace Sun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of cataract surgeries performed globally will continue to rise to meet the needs of an aging population. This increased demand will require healthcare systems and providers to find new surgical efficiencies while maintaining excellent surgical outcomes. Immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) has been proposed as a solution and is increasingly being performed worldwide. The purpose of this review is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of ISBCS...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
David S Ehmann, Allen C Ho
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The following review describes the recent evidence regarding the effect of cataract surgery on age-related macular degeneration (AMD). RECENT FINDINGS: For patients with both visually significant cataracts and AMD, recent evidence supports the role of cataract surgery with reports demonstrating improved visual acuity, absence of significant disease progression, and improved quality of life. SUMMARY: Recent evidence does not find cataract surgery to cause or worsen AMD...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Francesco Boscia, Ermete Giancipoli, Giuseppe D'Amico-Ricci, Antonio Pinna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to describe all the treatment modalities used to prevent and manage macular oedema in diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Topical NSAIDs have been proposed to be an effective strategy to prevent postsurgical macular oedema (PME) in diabetic patients. The prophylactic use of intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF) drugs and steroids in these patients, even if effective, brings some concerns with regard to possible side effects...
September 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Prashant Garg, Aravind Roy, Savitri Sharma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After publication of the results of the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ESCRS) study, there is a lot of enthusiasm for using intracameral antibiotics for the prevention of postcataract endophthalmitis. However, despite level 1 evidence, the practice has not been adopted universally. The aim of this review is to present a summary of the articles published in the last 18 months on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: The published literature highlights that the incidence rate of endophthalmitis declined after 2007...
September 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Jay S Pepose, Joshua Burke, Mujtaba A Qazi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Presbyopia and cataract development are changes that ubiquitously affect the aging population. Considerable effort has been made in the development of intraocular lenses (IOLs) that allow correction of presbyopia postoperatively. The purpose of this review is to examine the benefits and barriers of accommodating IOLs, with a focus on emerging technologies. RECENT FINDINGS: True accommodation of an IOL involves a dynamic increase in dioptric power to affect a shift from distance to intermediate or near focus...
September 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Jennifer M Enright, Humeyra Karacal, Linda M Tsai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) occurs in 2% of cataract surgeries and is associated with an increased risk of surgical complications. These complications can be avoided when high-risk patients are identified by preoperative screening and appropriate measures are used intraoperatively. The purpose of this article is to review emerging risk factors for IFIS and to summarize management strategies used in IFIS. RECENT FINDINGS: Although α1-antagonists in general, and tamsulosin (Flomax, Jalyn) in particular, have long been associated with IFIS, recent studies have more firmly demonstrated the elevated risk of IFIS attributed to tamsulosin...
September 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Sydney L Tyson, Robert Bailey, Janika S Roman, Tingting Zhan, Lisa A Hark, Julia A Haller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate relevant clinical outcomes following a transzonular intravitreal injection of a compounded triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin (TMV) formulation for postoperative prophylaxis after cataract surgery in a retrospective review of medical records from a private practice, single-specialty ambulatory center in New Jersey, USA. RECENT FINDINGS: The analysis included 1541 cases from 922 patients who underwent cataract surgery with an intravitreal injection of TMV from November 2013 to December 2014...
September 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Maria E Lim, Edward G Buckley, S Grace Prakalapakorn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The basic procedure of pediatric cataract surgery has not dramatically changed over the past few years. Recent multicenter study results along with technological innovations, however, have increased our understanding and armamentarium of techniques and devices used to improve outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: We review surgical techniques that have been recently applied to the management of pediatric cataracts and describe newer intraocular lenses that have become available for use in the pediatric population...
September 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Majid Moshirfar, David F Skanchy, Tirth Shah
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the current literature on intraoperative techniques to properly manage anterior capsular tears during cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery creates a more consistent capsulorhexis than traditional capsulotomies, but can also present with new challenges. Irregularities, like microadhesions and tags, can lead to anterior tears if not properly treated. New technology, like the Zepto (Mynosys, Fremont, CA, USA) pulse precision capsulotomy, may produce a smoother edge and reduce the incidence of capsular tears...
September 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Lazaros Konstantinidis, Yan Guex-Crosier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension is the primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality that consists a major public health issue worldwide. Hypertension triggers a series of pathophysiological ocular modifications affecting significantly the retinal, choroidal, and optic nerve circulations that result in a range of ocular effects.The retina is the only place in the body where microvasculature can be directly inspected, providing valuable information on hypertension related systemic risks...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Aude Couturier, Antoine P Brézin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The ocular manifestations in autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome type 1 (APS1) are frequent and have a poor prognosis. The phenotype of these APS1-associated ocular features have been recently characterized in molecularly confirmed patients with APS1. RECENT FINDINGS: Keratopathy and retinopathy can be severe manifestations of APS1. Heterogeneous corneal involvement can be observed, ranging from minimal superficial punctate staining to severe stromal scarring with deep corneal neovascularization...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Saraniya Sathiamoorthi, Wendy M Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tick-borne diseases are increasing in incidence and geographic distribution. Several diseases endemic to the United States have ophthalmic manifestations, including the most common tick-borne disease, Lyme borreliosis. As ocular complaints may lead a patient to seek medical evaluation, it is important to be aware of the systemic and ophthalmic manifestations of tick-borne diseases in order to make the correct diagnosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Vision-threatening ophthalmic manifestations are relatively common in Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Jessica G Shantha, Steven Yeh, Quan Dong Nguyen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The world has witnessed the largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa with an unprecedented number of infected individuals and survivors. Many systemic and ocular complications have been reported in survivors. Herein, we review the ophthalmic complications associated with Ebolavirus. RECENT FINDINGS: EVD causes ocular disease during acute infection and during convalescence. Acute patients manifest with conjunctivitis, subconjunctival hemorrhages, and acute vision loss of unclear cause...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Bo Y Chun, Joseph F Rizzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Review recent advances in clinical and experimental studies of dominant optic atrophy (DOA) to better understand the complexities of pathophysiology caused by the optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) mutation. RECENT FINDINGS: DOA is the most commonly diagnosed inherited optic atrophy, causing progressive bilateral visual loss that begins early in life. During the past 25 years, there has been substantial progress in the understanding of the clinical, genetic, and pathophysiological basis of this disease...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"