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Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403135/evaluation-of-impacting-factors-on-facial-bone-thickness-in-the-anterior-maxillary-region
#1
Amirhossein Farahamnd, Fatemeh Sarlati, Saeedeh Eslami, Marjan Ghassemian, Navid Youssefi, Bahareh Jafarzadeh Esfahani
BACKGROUND: The goal of the current study was to measure the width of the labial alveolar bone of the overlying maxillary anterior teeth, based on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and the distance between cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and bone crest in adult patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using a sample of 132 tomographic scans. Intact maxillary anterior with healthy periodontium and teeth was randomly selected and afterwards assessed by 2 calibrated and independent reviewers...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403134/early-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-modeling-planned-le-fort-i-advancement-with-internal-distractors-to-treat-severe-maxillary-hypoplasia-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#2
Catherine S Chang, Jordan Swanson, Jason Yu, Jesse A Taylor
Traditionally, maxillary hypoplasia in the setting of cleft lip and palate is treated via orthognathic surgery at skeletal maturity, which condemns these patients to abnormal facial proportions during adolescence. The authors sought to determine the safety profile of computer-aided design/computer-aided modeling (CAD/CAM) planned, Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis with internal distractors in select patients presenting at a young age with severe maxillary retrusion. The authors retrospectively reviewed our "early" Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis experience-patients performed for severe maxillary retrusion (≥12 mm underjet), after canine eruption but prior to skeletal maturity-at a single institution...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403133/three-skin-zones-in-the-asian-upper-eyelid-pertaining-to-the-asian-blepharoplasty
#3
Yeop Choi, Hyun Gu Kang, Yong Seok Nam
BACKGROUND: Natural looking double fold is an essential and aesthetically pleasing masterpiece in Asian blepharoplasty. This study aims to emphasize the 3 skin zone concept in the Asian upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: The authors examined the anterior lamella of each skin zone microscopically by performing 31 double-eyelid surgeries and 11 infrabrow lifts. Characteristics of dermal components, subcutaneous tissue, and outer fascia of OOM (OFOOM) at each skin zone were documented...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403132/orbital-reconstruction-in-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-the-orbit-multimodal-treatment-approach
#4
Jorge Ernesto Cantini A, Diana M Díaz López, Esteban Francisco Hernandez Florez
INTRODUCTION: Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of peripheral origin are very rare, and orbital neuroectodermal tumors are even more uncommon. Only 25 patients with primary orbital involvement in the pediatric age group have been reported. METHODS: In this article, the authors describe their experience in the multimodality treatment approach to treat neuroectodermal tumor of the orbit. The authors also present a male patient 3-year old presenting with a neuroectodermal tumor of the right orbit causing rapidly progressive proptosis...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403131/olfactory-bulb-volume-changes-in-patients-with-nasal-septal-deviation
#5
Mahmut Özkiriş, Zeliha Kapusuz Gencer, Reha Aydin, Mustafa Açikgöz, Levent Saydam
OBJECTIVES: The olfactory bulb (OB) plays a pivotal role in the processing of olfactory information. The aim of this study was to investigate the OB volume changes and its possible associations with nasal septal deviation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Otolaryngology Department of Bozok University School of Medicine and Neurology Department of Yozgat State Hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety patient's cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies (46 males and 44 females, mean age 36 ± 13...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403130/primary-ectopic-ethmoidal-craniopharyngioma
#6
Andrea Preti, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Carla Facco, Giorgia Ottini, Luca Volpi, Paolo Castelnuovo
Craniopharyngiomas are benign but aggressive epithelial tumors usually originating in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland from squamous remnants of an incompletely involuted craniopharingeal duct developing from the Rathke pouch. To the authors' knowledge only 1 patient of a primary isolated ethmoidal craniopharyngioma has been reported in the literature.The authors report the case of a 17-year-old boy with a primary extracranial ethmoidal craniopharyngioma. An endoscopic endonasal approach was employed to resect the tumor...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358767/academic-productivity-of-faculty-associated-with-craniofacial-surgery-fellowship-programs
#7
Qing Zhao Ruan, Joseph A Ricci, Jason Silvestre, Olivia A Ho, Oren Ganor, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: The H-index is increasingly being used as a measure of academic productivity and has been applied to various surgical disciplines. Here the authors calculate the H-index of craniofacial surgery fellowship faculty in North America in order to determine its utility for academic productivity among craniofacial surgeons. METHODS: A list of fellowship programs was obtained from the website of the American Society of Craniofacial Surgery. Faculty demographics and institution characteristics were obtained from official program websites and the H-index was calculated using Scopus (Elsevier, USA)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358766/early-complications-and-associated-perioperative-factors-in-nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis
#8
Yunhe Lu, Abdulsamad Ghanem, Tianyi Cai, Junyi Yang, Xiongzheng Mu
This is the first Eastern center-based retrospective report on early complications and associated perioperative factors of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis (NSC). The authors' purpose is to tailor preoperative counseling, convey objective perioperative data, and determinants for early complications in NSC so as to enhance exchanges with international center. Inclusion criteria required a diagnosis of NSC confirmed by 3-dimentional computed tomography scans and complete medical record. Genetic evidence of syndromic craniosynostosis was excluded...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358765/introduction-of-the-american-academy-of-facial-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-face-to-face-database
#9
Manoj T Abraham, Joseph J Rousso, Shirley Hu, Ryan F Brown, Augustine L Moscatello, J Charles Finn, Neha A Patel, Sameep P Kadakia, Donald Wood-Smith
The American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery FACE TO FACE database was created to gather and organize patient data primarily from international humanitarian surgical mission trips, as well as local humanitarian initiatives. Similar to cloud-based Electronic Medical Records, this web-based user-generated database allows for more accurate tracking of provider and patient information and outcomes, regardless of site, and is useful when coordinating follow-up care for patients. The database is particularly useful on international mission trips as there are often different surgeons who may provide care to patients on subsequent missions, and patients who may visit more than 1 mission site...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358764/a-thirty-year-experience-with-head-and-neck-flap-reconstruction
#10
Alexander Haosi Sun, Xiaolu Xu, Clarence Takashi Sasaki, Stephan Ariyan, Derek Matthew Steinbacher
BACKGROUND: Head and neck (HN) defects after tumor extirpation can be challenging to repair. Historically, pedicled flaps were the mainstay for reconstruction, but recently, free tissue transfer has been preferred. This study compares patient characteristics and flap outcomes for HN defects over a 30-year period at the authors' institution. METHODS: Head and neck cancer patients receiving flap reconstruction from 1983 to 2013 were included. Records were reviewed for demographic and perioperative data...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358763/whole-blood-in-pediatric-craniofacial-reconstruction-surgery
#11
Princy Thottathil, Deborah Sesok-Pizzini, Jesse A Taylor, John E Fiadjoe, Ariel Vincent, Paul A Stricker
BACKGROUND: Pediatric complex cranial vault reconstruction (CCVR) surgery is often associated with significant blood loss and transfusion. The authors recently changed our transfusion practice during CCVR to using whole blood (WB) instead of reconstituted blood (RB). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of this practice change. Our hypothesis was that replacement with WB would be as effective as RB for the outcomes of total perioperative blood donor exposures (BDEs) and the incidence of laboratory evidence of postoperative coagulopathy...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358762/craniosynostosis-and-guanine-nucleotide-binding-protein-alpha-stimulating-mutation-risk-of-bleeding-diathesis-and-circulatory-collapse-in-patients-undergoing-cranial-vault-reconstruction
#12
Oluwaseun A Adetayo, Jeffrey A Fearon
Reconstruction of the craniosynostosis deformity is a relatively safe operation with low overall complication risks. Despite expected risk of significant blood loss, life-threatening bleeding is relatively rare, and there is a low incidence of reported deaths in the literature. Several modalities have been described for perioperative mitigation of blood loss and transfusion requirements. Due to the low overall risk of life-threatening bleeding and circulatory collapse, it is judicious that any potential causes of such unusual but potentially significant fatal bleeding complication be evaluated and reported to increase awareness for craniofacial surgeons treating these conditions...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358761/histomorphometric-comparison-of-bone-regeneration-in-critical-sized-bone-defects-using-demineralized-bone-matrix-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-hyaluronic-acid-as-bone-substitutes
#13
Alper Sindel, Ömür Dereci, Havva Serap Toru, Sinan Tozoğlu
AIM: To compare bone regeneration in the critical-sized bone defects grafted with demineralized bone matrix, platelet-rich fibrin, and hyaluronic acid in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty Wistar Albino rats allocated into 4 experimental groups: platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) group, noncross-linked hyaluronic acid gel (HA) group, demineralized bone matrix in putty form (DBM) group, and control group. A critical-sized defect of 8 mm was formed involving the sagittal suture for each rat under anesthetic induction...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358760/the-degree-of-surgical-frontal-volume-correction-in-metopic-synostosis-determines-long-term-outcomes
#14
Madiha Bhatti-Söfteland, Giovanni Maltese, Peter Tarnow, Emma Wikberg, Peter Bernhardt, Lars Kölby
Metopic synostosis results in a keel-shaped forehead, reduced frontal intracranial volume (ICV), and lower frontal to total volume ratio. The ratio improves with cranioplasty, but at 3 years of age, the ratio is still not normalized when compared to that in normal children. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a low frontal to total ICV ratio at 3 years of age was due to relapse or insufficient correction.All children surgically treated for metopic synostosis in combination with a spring at Sahlgrenska University Hospital with subsequent spring extraction between 2002 and 2008 (n = 20) were included...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358759/salvage-of-a-necrotic-flap
#15
Joo Hyun Jung, Seon Tae Kim, Sang Hee An, Kwang Ha Moon, Hyoung Min Park, Il Gyu Kang
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a skin basal cell carcinoma on the nasal dorsum. After excision, the soft tissue defect was reconstructed using a rectangular advancement flap. However, 2 days later skin necrosis was observed. This report was issued to advise how to avoid and manage skin necrosis after regional flap placement. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. RESULTS: Superficial skin necrosis recovered completely after proper medical management...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358758/idiopathic-sialolithiasis-scalpel-versus-current-trends-in-management
#16
Shandilya Ramanojam, Yash Merchant, Smita Bhardwaj, Ayushee Kesari
Idiopathic sialolithiasis is one of the most common affliction of the salivary glands with the submandibular gland most frequently involved. The article discusses the occurrence and incidence of this condition with a review of different diagnostic and treatment modalities. In light of several advances to diagnose and treat sialolithiasis, a simple sialolithotomy for idiopathic submandibular gland sialolithiasis may prove to be a preferred treatment for selected patients as it remains a cost-effective and simple out-patient department procedure with minimal/no complications and a highly satisfactory outcome...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358757/the-distribution-of-transplanted-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-large-blood-vessel-of-rats-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Hua-Jiang Dong, Chong-Zhi Shang, Gang Li, Qing Niu, Yue-Chen Luo, Yue Yang, Hui-Peng Meng, Hui-Juan Yin, Hai-Xia Zhang, Ming-Liang Zhao, Ling Lin
The author aim to track the distribution of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in large blood vessel of traumatic brain injury -rats through immunohistochemical method and small animal imaging system. After green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene was transfected into 293T cell, virus was packaged and MSCs were transfected. Mesenchymal stem cells containing GFP were transplanted into brain ventricle of rats when the infection rate reaches 95%. The immunohistochemical and small animal imaging system was used to detect the distribution of MSCs in large blood vessels of rats...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358756/goddess-of-imagination
#18
Kun Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328613/endoscopic-endonasal-repair-of-isolated-medial-orbital-wall-fracture-with-balloon-technique
#19
Kazutaka Soejima, Tsutomu Kashimura, Takashi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Hiroaki Nakazawa
Endonasal endoscopic repair of medial orbital wall fractures is minimally invasive and benefits the patients. The authors describe the authors' modified balloon technique, which allows longer support of the orbital wall. From October 2010 through January 2016, the author repaired 9 isolated medial wall fractures by this method. Five patients were diagnosed as having enophthalmos of greater than 2 mm, and 6 patients had persistent diplopia before the operation. The herniated orbital contents that filled the anterior ethmoidal sinus were gently reduced with a 4-mm-diameter 0° sinus endoscope...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328612/complications-after-treatment-of-head-and-neck-venous-malformations-with-sodium-tetradecyl-sulfate-foam
#20
Giacomo Colletti, Alberto Deganello, Alessandro Bardazzi, Raul Mattassi, Pietro Dalmonte, Luca Gazzabin, Francesco Stillo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate complications in patients with head and neck venous malformations (VMs) treated with foam sclerotherapy using sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS). METHODS: The authors retrospectively evaluated the complications, pain. and degree of satisfaction in 69 consecutive patients affected by cervicofacial VM managed with STS using the Tessari method in a single institution. RESULTS: The average number of procedures for each patient was 2...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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