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Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906337/a-three-dimensional-study-of-midfacial-changes-following-le-fort-ii-distraction-with-zygomatic-repositioning-in-syndromic-patients
#1
James M Smartt, Carey Campbell, Rami Hallac, Jake Alford, Christopher A Derderian
Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning introduced the ability to restore central midfacial height and convexity independent of changes in orbital morphology. This study analyzes midfacial and orbital morphology before and after Le Fort II distraction with zygomatic repositioning.All patients who underwent Le Fort II Distraction with zygomatic repositioning between 2013 and 2015 were included. Two- and 3-dimensional measurements were made using 3dMD Vultus software to assess canthal tilt, nasolabial angle, ratio of midfacial to lower facial height, and absolute change in nasal length...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906336/interobserver-consistency-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-diagnosing-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-a-vote-classification-system
#2
Ahmet Altintaş, Burak Olgun, Yakup Yegin, Mustafa Çelik, Kamil Hakan Kaya, Arzu Karaman Koç, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interobserver consistency of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and review the current literature. METHODS: In total, 55 patients with an apnea-hypopnea index >5, as determined by on overnight sleep study, were included in this study, 45 males and 10 females, with an average age of 46.87 ± 10.06 years old (range, 19-71). For all OSAS patients, DISE was performed by the same surgeon, which was recorded digitally...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906335/stagnant-water-is-bound-to-corrupt
#3
Seung Chul Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906334/tear-trough-deformity-study-of-filling-procedures-for-its-correction
#4
Michele Pascali, Davide Quarato, Marco Pagnoni, Francesco Carinci
The aim of this work is to discuss the anatomy of the tear trough region with relative danger areas, and to describe 2 different options to correct this deformity.The tear trough is a concave deformity of the orbital fat that is noticeable as a result of inherited anatomic differences and aging. However, the periorbital region is a complex area with its own septa and ligaments, fat compartments, muscles, vascularization, and lymphatic drainage and presents anatomic characteristics that must be taken into account in order to achieve good results and avoid complications...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906333/partial-scalp-and-auricula-avulsion-in-a-child
#5
Nurdoğan Ata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906332/a-novel-dissector-and-needle-holder-within-one-tool
#6
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Paul Wurzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906331/mandibular-surgical-navigation-an-innovative-guiding-method
#7
Vincenzo Abbate, Giovanni Dell' Aversana Orabona, Domenico Solari, Paola Bonavolontà, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
Mandibular osteotomies are usually required to treat craniomaxillofacial disorders. Losses of mandibular continuity result in esthetic and functional deficiency. During the past 30 years, the spread of the computer-assisted surgery techniques, rapid prototyping, and surgical navigation technique has improved the reliability and the outcomes of mandibular resections and reconstructions, by providing realtime feedback to surgeon. Recent studies reported the feasibility and the precision of surgical navigation applied to mandibular surgical resection and reconstruction with fibula flap but none of them describes a method to navigate the jaw allowing its full motility during the operation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906330/does-fat-grafting-influence-postoperative-edema-in-orthognathic-surgery
#8
Raysa Cabrejo, Christopher R DeSesa, Rajendra Sawh-Martinez, Derek M Steinbacher
PURPOSE: Autologous fat grafting is a useful adjunctive procedure to orthognathic surgery and may also confer anti-inflammatory properties. The purpose of this study is to answer the clinical question: among patients undergoing orthognathic operations, what are the effects of fat grafting on facial edema (magnitude, duration, and rate of decrease)? METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Three-dimensional photos (Canfield, Fairfield, NJ) from preoperative and a series of postprocedure time-points were analyzed...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906329/cleft-lip-and-palate-repair-our-experience
#9
Gian Luca Gatti, Nicola Freda, Alessandro Giacomina, Marina Montemagni, Andrea Sisti
INTRODUCTION: Cleft lip and palate is the most frequent congenital craniofacial deformity. In this article, the authors describe their experience with cleft lip and palate repair. METHODS: Data regarding patients presenting with primary diagnosis of cleft lip and/or palate, between 2009 and 2015, were reviewed. Details including demographics, type of cleft, presence of known risk factors, surgical details, and follow-up visits were collected. Documented complications were reported...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906328/the-americleft-project-a-modification-of-asher-mcdade-method-for-rating-nasolabial-esthetics-in-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-using-q-sort
#10
Alicia Stoutland, Ross E Long, Ana Mercado, John Daskalogiannakis, Ronald R Hathaway, Kathleen A Russell, Emily Singer, Gunvor Semb, William C Shaw
The purpose of this study was to investigate ways to improve rater reliability and satisfaction in nasolabial esthetic evaluations of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), by modifying the Asher-McDade method with use of Q-sort methodology. Blinded ratings of cropped photographs of one hundred forty-nine 5- to 7-year-old consecutively treated patients with complete UCLP from 4 different centers were used in a rating of frontal and profile nasolabial esthetic outcomes by 6 judges involved in the Americleft Project's intercenter outcome comparisons...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906327/role-of-negative-vector-orbit-in-orbital-blow-out-fractures
#11
Soo Youn Choi, Hwa Lee, Sehyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Negative vector orbit is defined as the most anterior globe portion protrudes past the malar eminence. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between negative vector orbit and blow-out fracture location analyzing the distance between the anterior corneal surface and orbital bone with facial soft tissue in medial and orbital floor blow out fractures using orbital computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Seventy-seven patients diagnosed with blow-out fractures involving the medial or orbital floor were included...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906326/tissue-engineering-strategies-for-auricular-reconstruction
#12
Michael J Schroeder, Mark S Lloyd
Simulating natural characteristics and aesthetics in reconstructed ears has provided a complex 3-dimensional puzzle for those treating patients with microtia. Costochondral grafts remain the gold standard for autologous reconstruction. However, other options such as Medpor and prosthetics are indicated depending on patient circumstances and personal choice. Research into tissue engineering offers an alternative method to a traditional surgical approach that may reduce donor-site morbidity. However, tissue engineering for microtia reconstruction brings new challenges such as cell sourcing, promotion of chondrogenesis, scaffold vascularization, and prevention of scaffold contraction...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891905/reviews-of-the-future-of-basic-science-in-academic-surgery-identifying-barriers-to-success-for-surgeon-scientists-by-keswani-s-moles-cm-morowitz-m-zeh-h-kuo-js-levine-mh-cheng-ls-hackam-dj-ahuja-n-goldestein-am-basic-science-committee-of-the-society-of-university
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891904/a-patient-information-leaflet-reduces-parental-anxiety-before-their-child-s-first-craniofacial-multidisciplinary-outpatient-appointment
#14
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Christopher David Blore, Yasmin Webb, Jo Horton, Martin Evans
INTRODUCTION: It is expected that a child's first outpatient appointment with a craniofacial multidisciplinary team (MDT) instills anxiety in parents. Limited data exist on the aspects of the appointment that parents are most concerned about and what information they desire. The effect of written information provision on this cohort is unstudied. METHODS: Parents attending their child's first outpatient appointment with the Birmingham Children's Hospital Craniofacial MDT between September and December 2012 completed a questionnaire to identify concerns they had relating to the appointment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891903/the-effectiveness-of-oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-as-a-graft-material-in-transalveolar-osteotome-sinus-lift-procedure
#15
Laith A Hussein, Thair A L Hassan
The posterior maxilla is challenged with postextraction alveolar bone resorption and pneumatization drive of the Schneiderian membrane that reduces the subantral distance. To overcome such anatomic obstacle a sinus augmentation procedure was introduced either via lateral or crestal approach depending on residual ridge height. The current study evaluated oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) as a grafting material versus osteon II by measuring bone gain and graft density, 24 weeks postoperatively. Twenty consecutive patients (24 cases) aged from 20 to 65 years were considered eligible after clinical and radiographic evaluation...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891902/nasal-deviation-in-patients-with-asymmetric-mandibular-prognathism
#16
Young-Min Shin, Sung-Tak Lee, Ki-Young Nam, Tae-Geon Kwon
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to evaluate the nasal deviation in patients with asymmetric mandibular prognathism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with skeletal class III malocclusion were included in the study. Significant mandibular asymmetry of >4 mm menton deviation in three-dimensional (3D) reformatted cone beam computed tomography images was defined as asymmetry group (n = 20). Patients without mandibular asymmetry served as control group (n = 15)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891901/maxillary-hypoplasia-differential-diagnosis-of-nasal-obstruction-in-infants
#17
Amanda Lucas da Costa, Denise Manica, Michelle Manzini, Andressa Bernardi, Juliano Adams Pérez, Leo Sekine, Marcus Vinicius Martins Collares, Gabriel Kuhl, Claudia Schweiger
Maxillary hypoplasia (MH) is a rare cause of respiratory dysfunction in infants and may occur in association with genetic abnormalities or as an isolated condition. It is included in the differential diagnosis of congenital nasal obstruction. This paper seeks to report a case series of infants with MH, discuss methods for its diagnosis, and compare computed tomography (CT) measurements of nasal cavities of infants with MH and without craniomaxillofacial abnormalities. The therapeutic approach in each patient is also described...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891900/use-of-a-balloon-catheter-with-intraoperative-c-arm-fluoroscan-for-reduction-of-zygomatic-arch-fractures
#18
Woon Jae Noh, Tae Jung Park, Joo Yeon Kim, Jae Hwan Kwon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of C-arm fluoroscan with a balloon catheter in patients undergoing closed reduction of zygomatic arch fractures. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients who had zygomatic arch reduction surgery between 2006 and 2015 were identified and classified into 2 groups. Group A included those patients who underwent closed reduction of zygomatic arch fractures. Group B included those who underwent zygomatic arch reduction surgery with a C-arm fluoroscan and supporting balloon...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891899/does-a-premaxillary-setback-and-lip-adhesion-have-a-negative-impact-on-lip-outcome-in-bilateral-cleft-patients
#19
Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Rafael Denadai, Ricardo Ruiz Garcia de Almeida, Frederico Figueiredo Marques, Marina De Martino Lee, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral
BACKGROUND: The early premaxillary setback and lip adhesion remains as a controversial maneuver in the treatment of bilateral cleft lip and palate patients. This study aimed to assess extent of preoperative deformity and lip outcomes during the first year after surgery in bilateral cleft patients who underwent premaxillary setback and lip adhesion and to compare to those with primary lip repair. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted of 16 nonsyndromic consecutive bilateral complete cleft lip patients (with and without Simonart band), who underwent primary cleft lip repair...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891898/vascular-anomalies-of-posterior-fossa-and-their-implications
#20
Rajani Singh, Raj Kumar, Arushi Kumar
Posterior fossa houses very vital and sensitive structures namely midbrain, pons, medulla, and cerebellum. These structures are irrigated by vertebral, posterior inferior cerebellar, anterior inferior cerebellar, and superior cerebellar arteries. Parts of brain located in posterior fossa control important parts of body so any variation pertaining to stenosis, atresia, hypoplasia, fenestration, agenesis, and duplication in the arteries supplying these parts alter the irrigation pattern culminating into various morbid and mortal neurologic disorders...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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