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Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489662/metastasis-of-a-renal-collecting-duct-adenocarcinoma-to-the-oral-cavity-after-tooth-extraction
#1
Suna Erkilic, Aydin Keskinruzgar, Zehra Bozdag, Omer Gunhan
Metastatic tumors rarely occur in the oral cavity. The most common of the oral metastases are lung cancers in males, and breast and genital cancers in females. The most common primary tumor metastasis to the oral cavity is from the lung, kidney, liver, prostate, and colorectal cancers. The metastatic lesions are similar to oral lesions such as pyogenic granuloma, giant cell lesions, gingival polyps, hemangioma, peripheral fibroma, and adenoid squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, the diagnosis of primary tumors is challenging...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489661/use-of-buccinator-myomucosal-flap-in-tongue-reconstruction
#2
Alessandro Bardazzi, Giada Anna Beltramini, Luca Autelitano, Roberto Bazzacchi, Dimitri Rabbiosi, Marco Pedrazzoli, Karim Tewfik, Angela Rezzonico, Federico Biglioli
The myomucosal buccinator flap, first described by Bozola in 1989, has become an important tool for intraoral defects reconstruction. In the literature, there is a variety of proposed myomucosal cheek flaps, both pedicled and island, based on the buccal or the facial arteries. From January 2007 to December 2011, the authors used a pedicled buccinator flap based posteriorly on the buccal artery to reconstruct partial lingual defects following tumor resection in 27 patients. The buccal fat pad was translated to cover the donor site defect...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489660/effects-of-growth-factors-from-platelet-rich-fibrin-on-the-bone-regeneration
#3
Jin Kim, Yooseok Ha, Nak Heon Kang
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has simple manufacturing process without risk of immunologic rejection or infection by additional materials. This study was designed to investigate the effects of platelet-derived growth factors and transforming growth factors-β in PRF on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. The authors analyzed platelet-derived growth factors and transforming growth factors-β in normal human serum (NHS) and PRF by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay quantitatively and those in PRF group were significantly increased when compared with NHS...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489659/relationship-between-the-quantity-of-nerve-exposure-during-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy-surgery-and-sensitive-recovery
#4
Paolo Gennaro, Maria Elisa Giovannoni, Niccolò Pini, Ikenna Valentine Aboh, Guido Gabriele, Giorgio Iannetti, Flavia Cascino
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how different exposures of the V3 nerves during orthognathic surgery impact neurosensory disturbances. METHODS: The study included 127 patients who underwent either bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) or BSSO with maxillary le Fort 1. They were divided into 6 groups, identified by the quantity of V3 nerve exposure. All patients were examined in a pre-op period and again after 1, 3, 6 months post-op...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489658/safe-and-effective-method-to-transfer-pedicle-vessels-in-free-flap-reconstruction
#5
Hyung Suk Yi, Eon Ju Park, Hong Il Kim, Jin Hyung Park
Free tissue transfer is a useful method to cover soft tissue defects following trauma or tumor excision. At the time of transfer of the pedicle, its status is not investigated. Therefore, kinking of the pedicle can occur, and pedicle injuries can result from surgical instruments. The authors would like to introduce a simple, safe, and effective method to overcome these problems using a Penrose drain. The present method can help reconstructive microsurgeons with the transfer of pedicle vessels through a tunnel without torsion or injury...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489657/the-pattern-of-orbital-fractures-managed-at-two-referral-centers-in-nairobi-kenya
#6
Wayne Manana, Walter A Odhiambo, Mark L Chindia, Kennedy Koech
Orbital fractures are one of the commonest injuries in mid-face trauma and can lead to significant functional and cosmetic defects. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern of orbital fractures at 2 referral centers in Nairobi. It was a descriptive prospective hospital-based study of the demographics, etiology, clinico-radiological features, and management modalities among patients presenting with orbital fractures at the University of Nairobi Dental Hospital and Kenyatta National Referral Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437272/review-of-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-video-recording-and-replaying-system-in-robotic-surgical-training-by-yang-k-perez-m-hubert-n-hossu-g-perrenot-c-hubert-j-in-ann-surg-265-521-526-2017
#7
Vishwanath Chegireddy, Aurelia T Perdanasari, Larry H Hollier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437271/surgical-management-of-traumatic-peripheral-osteoma-of-the-mandible
#8
André Bachega Gomes Geron, Vinícius Almeida Carvalho, Jessica Luana Dos Santos, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León, Alexandre Elias Trivellato, Cássio Edvard Sverzut
Osteomas are benign osteogenic lesions that result from the proliferation of mature bone. Three variants are known: central, peripheral, and extraskeletal. The peripheral variant is the most common and it most frequently affects the paranasal sinuses, rarely occurring in the jaws. This article describes the case of a 33-year-old white male patient who was referred complaining of facial asymmetry. Clinical examination revealed an increase in volume at the base of the right side of the mandible, hard bony consistency and well delimited, painless to the touch, without signs of infection or intraoral alterations...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437270/surgical-resolution-of-bilateral-hypertrophy-of-masseter-muscle-through-intraoral-approach
#9
Guilherme Dos Santos Trento, Leonardo Silva Benato, Nelson Luis Barbosa Rebellato, Leandro Eduardo Klüppel
Masseter muscle hypertrophy is an untypical anomaly with no definite cause and its diagnosis is easily completed through physical examination and imaging examinations. In some cases, patient may report signs and symptoms of well-localizated pain. However, it is generally asymptomatic and patient's chief complaint is about esthetic because of facial asymmetry. In this case, surgery is carefully indicated. The aim of this article is to report a case of a male patient with no painful and functional complaints but an important unease over his facial asymmetry...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437269/outer-side-of-the-nasal-bone-osteoma
#10
Seckin Aydin Savas, Engin Savaş, Yeliz Arman Karakaya
Osteomas are located mostly in the mandible followed by paranasal sinuses such as frontal sinuses, ethmoid air cells, maxillary sinuses and rarely based on nazal cavitiy or turbinate. The osteoma located on outside of nazal bone is extremely rare. The authors report an unusual patient of nasal bone osteoma associated with aesthetic problem on nasal dorsum. Outer side of nasal bone osteoma in large diameter causes aesthetic problems. The authors believe that open rhinoplasty approach is successful in this type of patients...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437268/anisocoria-after-repair-of-blowout-fracture
#11
Kyung Ah Lee
Anisocoria may indicate a life-threatening neurosurgical emergency, unlike bilateral mydriasis. In patients with periorbital fracture, anisocoria can be caused by direct or indirect injury to the oculomotor nerve, excessive retraction of the orbital contents, or constriction of the muscles responsible for eyeball movement. Herein, the author reports a patient, 15-year-old boy, who developed anisocoria after an operation for a blowout fracture. The anisocoria was improved, self-limiting, and transient. The author has also reviewed the literature regarding anisocoria...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437267/reconstruction-of-pediatric-scalp-avulsion-injuries-after-dog-bites
#12
Zhi Yang Ng, Kyle R Eberlin, Tianyu Lin, Peter T Masiakos, Curtis L Cetrulo
Dog bite injuries are common and the head and neck is most frequently involved in pediatric patients. In severe cases, the combination of crushing, tearing, and puncturing can result in scalp avulsion. Currently, microsurgical replantation of the avulsed scalp remains the gold standard but may not always be possible. The authors present their treatment algorithm with 2 patient examples. In Patient 1, the scalp was deemed unsuitable for replantation due to extensive soft tissue injury; in Patient 2, the scalp was not available on presentation...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437266/gelfoam-interposition-minimizes-risk-of-fistula-and-postoperative-bleeding-in-modified-furlow-palatoplasty
#13
Jing Li, Patrick A Gerety, James Johnston, Jesse A Taylor
Failure to accomplish a tension-free, watertight closure predisposes the palatoplasty patient to fistula formation. Perioperative bleeding also places the patient at risk for adverse airway events (AAE). This study introduces the incorporation of a hemostatic gelatin sponge (Gelfoam) into layered palatoplasty to minimize adverse postoperative bleeding and fistula formation. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify subjects who underwent Furlow palatoplasty with insertion of Gelfoam from 2010 to 2015...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437265/unilateral-blindness-after-septoplasty
#14
Ahmet Erdem Kilavuz, Duzgun Yildirim, Gediz Murat Serin, Asim Kaytaz
Septoplasty is a frequently performed procedure with mostly minor complications. Nevertheless, it may lead to serious complications.The authors present a 29-year-old patient admitted to their hospital 10 days after septoplasty in another institution. He suffered a total loss of vision immediately after the surgery.High-resolution computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a direct trauma of the optic canal and an inflamed and edematous optic nerve. Even though a successful endoscopic optic nerve was performed, the patient's loss of vision did not improve after the surgery...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403134/early-computer-aided-design-computer-aided-modeling-planned-le-fort-i-advancement-with-internal-distractors-to-treat-severe-maxillary-hypoplasia-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#15
Catherine S Chang, Jordan Swanson, Jason Yu, Jesse A Taylor
Traditionally, maxillary hypoplasia in the setting of cleft lip and palate is treated via orthognathic surgery at skeletal maturity, which condemns these patients to abnormal facial proportions during adolescence. The authors sought to determine the safety profile of computer-aided design/computer-aided modeling (CAD/CAM) planned, Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis with internal distractors in select patients presenting at a young age with severe maxillary retrusion. The authors retrospectively reviewed our "early" Le Fort I distraction osteogenesis experience-patients performed for severe maxillary retrusion (≥12 mm underjet), after canine eruption but prior to skeletal maturity-at a single institution...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403133/three-skin-zones-in-the-asian-upper-eyelid-pertaining-to-the-asian-blepharoplasty
#16
Yeop Choi, Hyun Gu Kang, Yong Seok Nam
BACKGROUND: Natural looking double fold is an essential and aesthetically pleasing masterpiece in Asian blepharoplasty. This study aims to emphasize the 3 skin zone concept in the Asian upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: The authors examined the anterior lamella of each skin zone microscopically by performing 31 double-eyelid surgeries and 11 infrabrow lifts. Characteristics of dermal components, subcutaneous tissue, and outer fascia of OOM (OFOOM) at each skin zone were documented...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403132/orbital-reconstruction-in-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-the-orbit-multimodal-treatment-approach
#17
Jorge Ernesto Cantini A, Diana M Díaz López, Esteban Francisco Hernandez Florez
INTRODUCTION: Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of peripheral origin are very rare, and orbital neuroectodermal tumors are even more uncommon. Only 25 patients with primary orbital involvement in the pediatric age group have been reported. METHODS: In this article, the authors describe their experience in the multimodality treatment approach to treat neuroectodermal tumor of the orbit. The authors also present a male patient 3-year old presenting with a neuroectodermal tumor of the right orbit causing rapidly progressive proptosis...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403130/primary-ectopic-ethmoidal-craniopharyngioma
#18
Andrea Preti, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Carla Facco, Giorgia Ottini, Luca Volpi, Paolo Castelnuovo
Craniopharyngiomas are benign but aggressive epithelial tumors usually originating in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland from squamous remnants of an incompletely involuted craniopharingeal duct developing from the Rathke pouch. To the authors' knowledge only 1 patient of a primary isolated ethmoidal craniopharyngioma has been reported in the literature.The authors report the case of a 17-year-old boy with a primary extracranial ethmoidal craniopharyngioma. An endoscopic endonasal approach was employed to resect the tumor...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358767/academic-productivity-of-faculty-associated-with-craniofacial-surgery-fellowship-programs
#19
Qing Zhao Ruan, Joseph A Ricci, Jason Silvestre, Olivia A Ho, Oren Ganor, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: The H-index is increasingly being used as a measure of academic productivity and has been applied to various surgical disciplines. Here the authors calculate the H-index of craniofacial surgery fellowship faculty in North America in order to determine its utility for academic productivity among craniofacial surgeons. METHODS: A list of fellowship programs was obtained from the website of the American Society of Craniofacial Surgery. Faculty demographics and institution characteristics were obtained from official program websites and the H-index was calculated using Scopus (Elsevier, USA)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358766/early-complications-and-associated-perioperative-factors-in-nonsyndromic-craniosynostosis
#20
Yunhe Lu, Abdulsamad Ghanem, Tianyi Cai, Junyi Yang, Xiongzheng Mu
This is the first Eastern center-based retrospective report on early complications and associated perioperative factors of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis (NSC). The authors' purpose is to tailor preoperative counseling, convey objective perioperative data, and determinants for early complications in NSC so as to enhance exchanges with international center. Inclusion criteria required a diagnosis of NSC confirmed by 3-dimentional computed tomography scans and complete medical record. Genetic evidence of syndromic craniosynostosis was excluded...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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