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Neuropsychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097761/social-function-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-and-adults-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Anita K Chisholm, Vicki A Anderson, Natalie A Pride, Stephanie Malarbi, Kathryn N North, Jonathan M Payne
In light of the proliferation of recent research into social function in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a systematic review and meta-analysis is required to synthesise data and place findings within the context of a theoretical framework. This paper reviews findings from research into social function and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children and adults with NF1 and integrates these findings with the Socio-Cognitive Integration Abilities Model (SOCIAL). It also critically appraises links between social outcomes, internal and external factors moderating social functioning, cognitive domains implicated in social functioning, and underlying neural pathology in NF1...
August 11, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073446/delusions-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-of-published-cases
#2
REVIEW
Nicola Warren, Cullen O'Gorman, Zena Hume, Steve Kisely, Dan Siskind
Delusions in Parkinson's disease (PD) are thought to be associated with disease progression and cognitive impairment. However, this symptom description is not consistent in the literature and there is a suggestion that different subgroups of psychotic patients occur in PD, which we aimed to clarify. Case reports were identified through a systematic search of databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, PsychInfo). Cases with isolated delusions were compared to those with both delusions and hallucinations. We identified 184 cases of delusions in PD...
August 2, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006801/general-and-domain-specific-effectiveness-of-cognitive-remediation-after-stroke-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Rachael Foord, Renerus J Stolwyk, Dana Wong, Peter H Wilson
Cognitive remediation (CR) has been shown to improve cognitive abilities following a stroke. However, an updated quantitative literature review is needed to synthesize recent research and build understanding of factors that may optimize training parameters and treatment effects. Randomized controlled trials of CR were retrieved from seven electronic databases. Studies specific to adult stroke populations were included. Treatment effects were estimated using a random effects model, with immediate and longer-term follow-up outcomes, and moderator effects, examined for both overall and domain-specific functioning...
July 13, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721646/meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-computerized-cognitive-training-on-executive-functions-a-cross-disciplinary-taxonomy-for-classifying-outcome-cognitive-factors
#4
REVIEW
Shannon L Webb, Vanessa Loh, Amit Lampit, Joel E Bateman, Damian P Birney
The growing prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders associated with aging and cognitive decline has generated increasing cross-disciplinary interest in non-pharmacological interventions, such as computerized cognitive training (CCT), which may prevent or slow cognitive decline. However, inconsistent findings across meta-analytic reviews in the field suggest a lack of cross-disciplinary consensus and on-going debate regarding the benefits of CCT. We posit that a contributing factor is the lack of a theoretically-based taxonomy of constructs and representative tasks typically used...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705950/the-study-of-language-in-the-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-frontotemporal-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-findings-and-new-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Marta Pinto-Grau, Orla Hardiman, Niall Pender
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized primarily by motor network disruption. Extra-motor manifestations including executive functions, social cognition, and behavioral changes are now well recognized as important features of ALS, and are associated with frontotemporal and frontostriatal network disruption. However, the presence and characterization of language changes has received less attention. This systematic review characterizes the profile of reported language dysfunction in ALS...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704077/executive-functions-in-children-and-adolescents-with-turner-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Claire Mauger, Céline Lancelot, Arnaud Roy, Régis Coutant, Nicole Cantisano, Didier Le Gall
Turner syndrome (TS) is a genetic disorder, affecting 1/2500 to 1/3000 live female births, induced by partial or total deletion of one X chromosome. The neurocognitive profile of girls with TS is characterized by a normal Verbal IQ and weaknesses in visual-spatial, mathematics, and social cognitive domains. Executive functions (EFs) impairments have also been reported in these young patients. However, methodological differences across studies do not allow determination of which EFs are impaired and what is the magnitude of these impairments...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680959/neurocognitive-functioning-in-depressed-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Joanne Goodall, Caroline Fisher, Sarah Hetrick, Lisa Phillips, Emma M Parrish, Kelly Allott
BACKGROUND: Depression is among the most common mental health problems for young people. In adults, depression is associated with neurocognitive deficits that reduce the effectiveness of treatment and impair educational and vocational functioning. Compared to adults, less is known about the neurocognitive functioning of young people with depression, and existing research has reported inconsistent findings. METHOD: This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesized the literature on neurocognitive functioning in currently depressed youth aged 12-25 years in comparison to healthy controls...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468516/a-systematic-review-of-cognition-in-chiari-i-malformation
#8
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Greg Savage, Marcus A Stoodley
Displacement of the cerebellar tonsils in Chiari type I malformation (CMI) can affect functions controlled by the cerebellum and brainstem. While playing an integral role in the control of movement, the cerebellum also has widespread cortical connections, influencing a range of cognitive process. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the relationship between cognition and CMI, assessing evidence for general or domain-specific cognitive change. The search protocol examined the AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270773/neurodevelopmental-consequences-of-pediatric-cancer-and-its-treatment-applying-an-early-adversity-framework-to-understanding-cognitive-behavioral-and-emotional-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Hilary A Marusak, Allesandra S Iadipaolo, Felicity W Harper, Farrah Elrahal, Jeffrey W Taub, Elimelech Goldberg, Christine A Rabinak
Today, children are surviving pediatric cancer at unprecedented rates, making it one of modern medicine's true success stories. However, we are increasingly becoming aware of several deleterious effects of cancer and the subsequent "cure" that extend beyond physical sequelae. Indeed, survivors of childhood cancer commonly report cognitive, emotional, and psychological difficulties, including attentional difficulties, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Cognitive late- and long-term effects have been largely attributed to neurotoxic effects of cancer treatments (e...
June 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770912/rbans-validity-indices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Robert D Shura, Timothy W Brearly, Jared A Rowland, Sarah L Martindale, Holly M Miskey, Kevin Duff
Neuropsychology practice organizations have highlighted the need for thorough evaluation of performance validity as part of the neuropsychological assessment process. Embedded validity indices are derived from existing measures and expand the scope of validity assessment. The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is a brief instrument that quickly allows a clinician to assess a variety of cognitive domains. The RBANS also contains multiple embedded validity indicators. The purpose of this study was to synthesize the utility of those indicators to assess performance validity...
May 16, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730846/the-effects-of-rtms-on-impulsivity-in-normal-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Cheng-Chang Yang, Birgit Völlm, Najat Khalifa
Impulsivity is a multi-dimensional construct that is regarded as a symptom of many psychiatric disorders. Harm resulting from impulsive behaviour can be substantial for the individuals concerned, for their social network, and for wider society. Therefore, the importance of developing therapeutic interventions to target impulsivity is paramount. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature from AMED, Embase, Medline, and PsycINFO databases on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in healthy adults to modulate different subdomains (motor, temporal and reflection) of impulsivity...
May 5, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556898/reviewer-acknowledgement
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552735/fatigue-following-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury-and-its-impact-on-functional-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
Jake Wilkinson, Nohely Lee Marmol, Celia Godfrey, Harriet Wills, Quirine van Eijndhoven, Edith Nardu Botchway, Nikita Sood, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa
Fatigue is a commonly reported sequela following an acquired brain injury (ABI), and can have a negative impact on many areas of a child's life. However, there is minimal research that focuses on fatigue specifically, and so factors such as its occurrence, duration, and impact on functioning remain uncertain. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the research to date, bringing together a number of studies with a focus on paediatric ABI and fatigue. Terms were searched in relevant databases (PsycInfo, Medline, CINAHL), and articles were included or excluded based on specified criteria...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450813/memory-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Samantha Joplin, Elizabeth Stewart, Michael Gascoigne, Suncica Lah
Memory failure is a common clinical concern of patients with epilepsy and is associated with significant functional impairments. Thus, memory rehabilitation is of critical clinical importance. In this article, we aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy of memory rehabilitation in patients with epilepsy. The Preferred Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was used to guide searches, extraction and reporting of data in this review. PsycINFO, Medline and PsychBITE searches yielded 95 studies...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446012/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-antidepressants-on-cognitive-functioning-in-depressed-and-non-depressed-samples
#15
REVIEW
Catherine E Prado, Stephanie Watt, Simon F Crowe
A thorough understanding of the cognitive effects of antidepressant medications is essential given their frequency of use. This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate whether antidepressants differentially affect the various domains of cognitive functioning for depressed and non-depressed participants. An electronic search of PsycInfo, Medline and Google Scholar was conducted for all journal articles published between January 1998 and January 2017. Thirty-three studies were included enabling calculation of Hedges' g using a random effects model for the cognitive domains of divided attention, executive function, expressive language, immediate memory, perceptual motor skills, processing speed, recent memory, sustained attention, visuospatial-constructional skills and working memory...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079970/prosaccade-and-antisaccade-paradigms-in-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
REVIEW
Naomi Kahana Levy, Michal Lavidor, Eli Vakil
Persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) are at high Alzheimer's Disease (AD) risk but the development of sensitive measures to assess subtle cognitive decline in this population poses a major challenge for clinicians and researchers. Eye movement monitoring is a non-invasive, sensitive way to assess subtle cognitive processes in clinical populations. We conducted a critical review and a meta-analysis of the literature on pro and antisaccade paradigm in AD/MCI. The meta-analysis included 20 studies, all of which used the prosaccade paradigm and 13 of which studied the antisaccade paradigm as well...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864868/meta-analysis-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Amitai Abramovitch, Gideon Anholt, Sagi Raveh-Gottfried, Naama Hamo, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a moderate degree of underperformance on cognitive tests, including deficient processing speed. However, despite little research focusing on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in OCD, it has long been speculated that the disorder is associated with elevated intellectual capacity. The present meta-analytic study was, therefore, conducted to quantitatively summarize the literature on IQ in OCD systematically. We identified 98 studies containing IQ data among individuals with OCD and non-psychiatric comparison groups, and computed 108 effect sizes for Verbal IQ (VIQ, n = 55), Performance IQ (PIQ, n = 13), and Full Scale IQ (FSIQ, n = 40)...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856507/the-effect-of-non-stroke-cardiovascular-disease-states-on-risk-for-cognitive-decline-and-dementia-a-systematic-and-meta-analytic-review
#18
REVIEW
Kayla B Stefanidis, Christopher D Askew, Kim Greaves, Mathew J Summers
Cardiovascular disease is associated with increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia, but it is unclear whether this risk varies across disease states or occurs in the absence of symptomatic stroke. To examine the evidence of increased risk for cognitive decline and dementia following non-stroke cardiovascular disease we conducted two independent meta-analyses in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The first review examined cardiovascular diagnoses (atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, periphery artery disease and myocardial infarction) while the second review assessed the impact of atherosclerotic burden (as indicated by degree of stenosis, calcification score, plaque morphology or number of plaques)...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282641/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-intervention-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-neuropsychological-measures
#19
REVIEW
Dale S Sherman, Justin Mauser, Miriam Nuno, Dean Sherzai
Cognitive training in MCI may stimulate pre-existing neural reserves or recruit neural circuitry as "compensatory scaffolding" prompting neuroplastic reorganization to meet task demands (Reuter-Lorenz & Park, 2014). However, existing systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies exploring the benefits of cognitive interventions in MCI have been mixed. An updated examination regarding the efficacy of cognitive intervention in MCI is needed given improvements in adherence to MCI diagnostic criteria in subject selection, better defined interventions and strategies applied, increased use of neuropsychological measures pre- and post-intervention, as well as identification of moderator variables which may influence treatment...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275535/correction-to-detectable-neuropsychological-differences-in-early-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#20
S Duke Han, Caroline P Nguyen, Nikki H Stricker, Daniel A Nation
Errors were discovered in the reporting of processing speed data that do not impact the interpretation of findings.
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
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