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Neuropsychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680959/neurocognitive-functioning-in-depressed-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Joanne Goodall, Caroline Fisher, Sarah Hetrick, Lisa Phillips, Emma M Parrish, Kelly Allott
BACKGROUND: Depression is among the most common mental health problems for young people. In adults, depression is associated with neurocognitive deficits that reduce the effectiveness of treatment and impair educational and vocational functioning. Compared to adults, less is known about the neurocognitive functioning of young people with depression, and existing research has reported inconsistent findings. METHOD: This systematic review and meta-analysis synthesized the literature on neurocognitive functioning in currently depressed youth aged 12-25 years in comparison to healthy controls...
April 22, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556898/reviewer-acknowledgement
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552735/fatigue-following-paediatric-acquired-brain-injury-and-its-impact-on-functional-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#3
Jake Wilkinson, Nohely Lee Marmol, Celia Godfrey, Harriet Wills, Quirine van Eijndhoven, Edith Nardu Botchway, Nikita Sood, Vicki Anderson, Cathy Catroppa
Fatigue is a commonly reported sequela following an acquired brain injury (ABI), and can have a negative impact on many areas of a child's life. However, there is minimal research that focuses on fatigue specifically, and so factors such as its occurrence, duration, and impact on functioning remain uncertain. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the research to date, bringing together a number of studies with a focus on paediatric ABI and fatigue. Terms were searched in relevant databases (PsycInfo, Medline, CINAHL), and articles were included or excluded based on specified criteria...
March 19, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468516/a-systematic-review-of-cognition-in-chiari-i-malformation
#4
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Greg Savage, Marcus A Stoodley
Displacement of the cerebellar tonsils in Chiari type I malformation (CMI) can affect functions controlled by the cerebellum and brainstem. While playing an integral role in the control of movement, the cerebellum also has widespread cortical connections, influencing a range of cognitive process. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the relationship between cognition and CMI, assessing evidence for general or domain-specific cognitive change. The search protocol examined the AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases...
February 21, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450813/memory-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Samantha Joplin, Elizabeth Stewart, Michael Gascoigne, Suncica Lah
Memory failure is a common clinical concern of patients with epilepsy and is associated with significant functional impairments. Thus, memory rehabilitation is of critical clinical importance. In this article, we aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy of memory rehabilitation in patients with epilepsy. The Preferred Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was used to guide searches, extraction and reporting of data in this review. PsycINFO, Medline and PsychBITE searches yielded 95 studies...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446012/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-antidepressants-on-cognitive-functioning-in-depressed-and-non-depressed-samples
#6
REVIEW
Catherine E Prado, Stephanie Watt, Simon F Crowe
A thorough understanding of the cognitive effects of antidepressant medications is essential given their frequency of use. This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate whether antidepressants differentially affect the various domains of cognitive functioning for depressed and non-depressed participants. An electronic search of PsycInfo, Medline and Google Scholar was conducted for all journal articles published between January 1998 and January 2017. Thirty-three studies were included enabling calculation of Hedges' g using a random effects model for the cognitive domains of divided attention, executive function, expressive language, immediate memory, perceptual motor skills, processing speed, recent memory, sustained attention, visuospatial-constructional skills and working memory...
March 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270773/neurodevelopmental-consequences-of-pediatric-cancer-and-its-treatment-applying-an-early-adversity-framework-to-understanding-cognitive-behavioral-and-emotional-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Hilary A Marusak, Allesandra S Iadipaolo, Felicity W Harper, Farrah Elrahal, Jeffrey W Taub, Elimelech Goldberg, Christine A Rabinak
Today, children are surviving pediatric cancer at unprecedented rates, making it one of modern medicine's true success stories. However, we are increasingly becoming aware of several deleterious effects of cancer and the subsequent "cure" that extend beyond physical sequelae. Indeed, survivors of childhood cancer commonly report cognitive, emotional, and psychological difficulties, including attentional difficulties, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Cognitive late- and long-term effects have been largely attributed to neurotoxic effects of cancer treatments (e...
December 22, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282641/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-intervention-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-neuropsychological-measures
#8
REVIEW
Dale S Sherman, Justin Mauser, Miriam Nuno, Dean Sherzai
Cognitive training in MCI may stimulate pre-existing neural reserves or recruit neural circuitry as "compensatory scaffolding" prompting neuroplastic reorganization to meet task demands (Reuter-Lorenz & Park, 2014). However, existing systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies exploring the benefits of cognitive interventions in MCI have been mixed. An updated examination regarding the efficacy of cognitive intervention in MCI is needed given improvements in adherence to MCI diagnostic criteria in subject selection, better defined interventions and strategies applied, increased use of neuropsychological measures pre- and post-intervention, as well as identification of moderator variables which may influence treatment...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275535/correction-to-detectable-neuropsychological-differences-in-early-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#9
S Duke Han, Caroline P Nguyen, Nikki H Stricker, Daniel A Nation
Errors were discovered in the reporting of processing speed data that do not impact the interpretation of findings.
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151247/editorial-introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-neuropsychological-assessment-in-aging
#10
EDITORIAL
Mathew J Summers, Mark W Bondi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019061/neuropsychological-measures-that-predict-progression-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-type-dementia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Sylvie Belleville, Céline Fouquet, Carol Hudon, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Jordie Croteau
This study aimed to determine the extent to which cognitive measures can predict progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's type dementia (AD), assess the predictive accuracy of different cognitive domain categories, and determine whether accuracy varies as a function of age and length of follow-up. We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed data from longitudinal studies reporting sensitivity and specificity values for neuropsychological tests to identify individuals with MCI who will develop AD...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940127/diagnostic-accuracy-of-memory-measures-in-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Gali H Weissberger, Jessica V Strong, Kayla B Stefanidis, Mathew J Summers, Mark W Bondi, Nikki H Stricker
With an increasing focus on biomarkers in dementia research, illustrating the role of neuropsychological assessment in detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is important. This systematic review and meta-analysis, conducted in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) standards, summarizes the sensitivity and specificity of memory measures in individuals with MCI and AD. Both meta-analytic and qualitative examination of AD versus healthy control (HC) studies (n = 47) revealed generally high sensitivity and specificity (≥ 80% for AD comparisons) for measures of immediate (sensitivity = 87%, specificity = 88%) and delayed memory (sensitivity = 89%, specificity = 89%), especially those involving word-list recall...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726168/cognitive-interventions-for-cognitively-healthy-mildly-impaired-and-mixed-samples-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Catherine M Mewborn, Cutter A Lindbergh, L Stephen Miller
Cognitive interventions may improve cognition, delay age-related cognitive declines, and improve quality of life for older adults. The current meta-analysis was conducted to update and expand previous work on the efficacy of cognitive interventions for older adults and to examine the impact of key demographic and methodological variables. EBSCOhost and Embase online databases and reference lists were searched to identify relevant randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive interventions for cognitively healthy or mildly impaired (MCI) older adults (60+ years)...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497179/detectable-neuropsychological-differences-in-early-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
S Duke Han, Caroline P Nguyen, Nikki H Stricker, Daniel A Nation
The development of methods for in vivo detection of cerebral beta amyloid retention and tau accumulation have been increasingly useful in characterizing preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). While the association between these biomarkers and eventual AD has been demonstrated among cognitively intact older adults, the link between biomarkers and neurocognitive ability remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to test the hypothesis that cognitively intact older adults would show statistically discernable differences in neuropsychological performance by amyloid status (amyloid negative = A-, amyloid positive = A+)...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484904/is-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-related-to-neuropsychological-function-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Nathan Cross, Amit Lampit, Jonathon Pye, Ronald R Grunstein, Nathaniel Marshall, Sharon L Naismith
Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have identified cognitive deficits in adults with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). However, quantitative analysis of the association between OSA and neuropsychological performance has not been conducted specifically in older adults, for whom there is a greater risk of cognitive decline. We searched Medline, Embase and PsycINFO through August 2016 for studies describing associations between OSA and neuropsychological outcomes in people aged>50 years. Meta-analyses were performed on these studies for overall cognition and within cognitive domains...
December 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079970/prosaccade-and-antisaccade-paradigms-in-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
REVIEW
Naomi Kahana Levy, Michal Lavidor, Eli Vakil
Persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) are at high Alzheimer's Disease (AD) risk but the development of sensitive measures to assess subtle cognitive decline in this population poses a major challenge for clinicians and researchers. Eye movement monitoring is a non-invasive, sensitive way to assess subtle cognitive processes in clinical populations. We conducted a critical review and a meta-analysis of the literature on pro and antisaccade paradigm in AD/MCI. The meta-analysis included 20 studies, all of which used the prosaccade paradigm and 13 of which studied the antisaccade paradigm as well...
October 27, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939959/population-base-rates-and-disease-course-of-common-psychiatric-and-neurodegenerative-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Nicolette M Gabel, Julija Stelmokas, Alyson M Rich, Linas A Bieliauskas
Knowledge of population base rates of neurological and psychiatric disorders is fundamental for diagnostic decision making. Consideration of relevant probabilistic information can improve diagnostic efficiency and accuracy. However, such data continue to be misused or underutilized, which can lead to misdiagnoses and negative patient outcomes. The aim of the current review is to create an easily accessible and comprehensive reference of existing age of onset as well as prevalence and incidence data for common neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders in adults...
September 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864868/meta-analysis-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Amitai Abramovitch, Gideon Anholt, Sagi Raveh-Gottfried, Naama Hamo, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a moderate degree of underperformance on cognitive tests, including deficient processing speed. However, despite little research focusing on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in OCD, it has long been speculated that the disorder is associated with elevated intellectual capacity. The present meta-analytic study was, therefore, conducted to quantitatively summarize the literature on IQ in OCD systematically. We identified 98 studies containing IQ data among individuals with OCD and non-psychiatric comparison groups, and computed 108 effect sizes for Verbal IQ (VIQ, n = 55), Performance IQ (PIQ, n = 13), and Full Scale IQ (FSIQ, n = 40)...
September 1, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831649/imaging-markers-of-post-stroke-depression-and-apathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Elles Douven, Sebastian Köhler, Maria M F Rodriguez, Julie Staals, Frans R J Verhey, Pauline Aalten
Several brain imaging markers have been studied in the development of post-stroke depression (PSD) and post-stroke apathy (PSA), but inconsistent associations have been reported. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date evaluation of imaging markers associated with PSD and PSA. Databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews) were searched from inception to July 21, 2016. Observational studies describing imaging markers of PSD and PSA were included...
September 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735387/elevated-levels-of-atypical-handedness-in-autism-meta-analyses
#20
REVIEW
Paraskevi Markou, Banu Ahtam, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou
An elevated prevalence of atypical handedness (left-, mixed-, or non-right-handedness) has been repeatedly reported in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared to typically developing individuals. However, the exact magnitude of this difference as well as the presence of possible moderating factors remains unknown. Here, we present three sets of meta-analyses of studies that assessed the handedness prevalence among individuals with ASD, totaling 1199 individuals (n = 723 individuals with ASD and n = 476 typically developing individuals)...
September 2017: Neuropsychology Review
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