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Health Promotion International

Johanna Nyman, Heidi Parisod, Anna Axelin, Sanna Salanterä
Peers play a significant role in influencing adolescent self-efficacy. Self-efficacy, in turn, has been considered to influence health behavior. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe adolescents' perceptions about their self-efficacy in peer interactions to strengthen the theoretical understanding about the sources of self-efficacy during adolescence. The sample comprised of 155 adolescents (13 - 17 years) in three upper comprehensive schools within two Finnish cities. The data were collected using the critical incident technique with an open-ended questionnaire...
July 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
Tevfik Bayram, Milka Donchin
Health behaviors are shaped by the opportunities people have; and the choices they make according to these opportunities. Inequality in economic, cultural and social resources causes disparities in health and health behaviors. Jerusalem has a multiethnic structure, mainly made up of Jews and Arabs. Arabs and Ultra-Orthodox Jews are disadvantaged in terms of socio-economic and health indicators. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors associated with three health behaviors: physical activity (PA), fruit and vegetable consumption, and smoking...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
J Ting, K P Chien, A Dhir, S Chen
With the massive growth in Internet technologies, people have become wary of excessive Internet usage, known as compulsive Internet usage or Internet addiction. This study looks into how exercise is related to compulsive Internet usage. Previous research showed varying results regarding the relationship between sports habit and Internet usage; this project clarifies the relationship by investigating mediating variables in terms of interest in different aspects of sports, such as physical education, mastering sport skills, sports participation, and watching sports...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
Matthew S Domville, Paula M Watson, Dave J Richardson, Lee E F Graves
Formative research is an important first step in the design and development of children's school-based physical activity (PA) interventions. Exploration of educator [headteacher and physical education (PE)-co-ordinator] perceptions toward the promotion of school-based PA, including PE delivery has however been limited. This study took a socio-ecological approach to explore the barriers and facilitators of children's school-based PA from the perspective of school educators. Interviews were conducted with headteachers (n = 4), PE-co-ordinators (n = 4) and a deputy headteacher (n = 1) and data thematically analysed using Nvivo software (version 10)...
July 13, 2018: Health Promotion International
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal
Public health messages are traditionally disseminated using mass media that typically are unidirectional or one-way communication. Consequent to the current media proliferation, two-way communication channels are also available for publishing health messages. Though they differ in operation, they co-exist which is explained by the media complementarity theory. This study reports research that identified the sources that women of childbearing age in New Zealand prefer when seeking information concerning alcohol and pregnancy...
July 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
Dennis Raphael, Toba Bryant, Zsofia Mendly-Zambo
There is little doubt that the implementation of a Basic Income Guarantee (BIG) in Canada and other liberal welfare states would alleviate some of the most egregious examples of absolute poverty that contribute to poor health such as lack of adequate food and shelter and inability to meet basic household and personal needs. BIG would likely improve the health of the most disadvantaged by moving them closer to the relative poverty line. Yet, advocacy for and implementation of BIG carries potential dangers. Since health improves with every step up the income ladder, simply moving people closer to the relative poverty line without providing additional universal benefits and supports common to most other developed nations would limit its health promotion potential...
July 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
Carolina Vélez-Grau
In the U.S., fewer than half of children and adolescents who report mental disorders receive care and the needs of those who receive care have yet to be explored. There is a scarcity of studies examining the needs of adolescents with mental conditions and at risk for suicide. Learning directly from the adolescents can fill in this gap by providing insight that clinicians and researchers lack about adolescents' experience. This study uses Photovoice, a Community-Based Participatory Research method that involves focus groups and the use of cameras by participants to visually capture their reality and express their ideas through photographs...
July 6, 2018: Health Promotion International
Maryam Yaghoubi, Mazyar Karamali, Mohammadkarim Bahadori
One of the requirements for the implementation of Health Promoting Hospitals (HPHs) is comprehensive integration of health promotion (HP) activities and programs in hospital quality management system. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted utilizing a comprehensive European Foundation for Quality Managment (EFQM) model to determine appropriate criteria for the implementation and development of HPH. This systematic review considered the published literature on factors affecting the implementation and development of HPH during 1997-2016...
June 13, 2018: Health Promotion International
Valerie Michaelson, William Pickett, Colleen Davison
Holism is an ancient theme concept that has resurfaced in recent literature, and that requires informed and intentional use in order to preserve its utility. This paper provides a historical and conceptual reintroduction of the notion of holism as it relates to health, with the hopes of informing the term's use in public health discourse. It also addresses the challenges that a lack of conceptual clarity about holistic health imposes on public health and health promotion discussions. It describes how the use and conceptualizations of holism are shifting in health promotion and argues that failing to accurately define and delineate its scope risks diluting its utility for future health promotion applications...
June 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
A J Macnab, R Mukisa
There are calls for innovation in health promotion and for current issues to be presented in new and exciting ways; in addition to creating engaging messages, novel ways to deliver health messaging are needed, especially where youth are the key target audience. When pupils in WHO Health Promoting Schools were asked what health messages would resonate with them, they also identified celebrities as the 'messengers' they would be particularly likely to listen to. Expanding on these discussions, the pupils quoted celebrity-recorded music videos containing health and lifestyle messaging as an example of where they had learned from celebrities...
June 11, 2018: Health Promotion International
Mary-Ann Carter, Louise N Signal, Richard Edwards, Janet Hoek
Despite the global popularity of sport, we know surprisingly little about food in sports settings. This two-phased study analysed the foods available in New Zealand sports settings. Phase one included a systematic literature review and 18 interviews with key informants from national and regional sporting organizations. Phase two involved 37 key informant interviews with stakeholders from two exemplar sports, rugby and netball and direct observations at netball and rugby venues. This study found most foods and beverages at New Zealand sports events were energy-dense and nutrient-poor...
June 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
Alexis Lion, Anne Vuillemin, Jane S Thornton, Daniel Theisen, Saverio Stranges, Malcolm Ward
The health benefits of physical activity (PA) are acknowledged and promoted by the scientific community, especially within primary care. However, there is little evidence that such promotion is provided in any consistent or comprehensive format. Brief interventions (i.e. discussion, negotiation or encouragement) and exercise referral schemes (i.e. patients being formally referred to a PA professional) are the two dominant approaches within primary care. These cost-effective interventions can generate positive changes in health outcomes and PA levels in inactive patients who are at increased risk for non-communicable diseases...
June 8, 2018: Health Promotion International
Andrew Joyce, Celia Green, Sarah Kearney, Loksee Leung, Debbie Ollis
Many small scale efficacious programs and interventions need to be 'scaled-up' in order to reach a larger population. Although it has been argued that interventions deemed suitable for upscaling need to have demonstrated effectiveness, be able to be implemented cost-effectively and be accepted by intended recipients, these factors alone are insufficient in explaining which programs are adopted more broadly. Upscaling research often identifies political will as a key factor in explaining whether programs are supported and up-scaled, but this research lacks any depth into how political will is formed and has not applied policy theories to understanding the upscaling process...
May 29, 2018: Health Promotion International
Michelle Baybutt, Mark Dooris, Alan Farrier
Globally, prisoners tend to come from marginalized and socially disadvantaged sections of the society and exhibit a high incidence of ill health, linked to social exclusion and multiple complex needs. Prisons therefore offer an important opportunity to tackle inequality and injustice, through promoting health, reducing reoffending and facilitating community reintegration.This paper reports on and critically discusses findings from an evaluative research study, which aimed to identify and explore impacts of prisoners' participation in an innovative social and therapeutic horticultural programme, 'Greener on the Outside for Prisons' (GOOP), delivered in prisons in North West England...
May 29, 2018: Health Promotion International
Grace Spencer, J Hope Corbin, Esther Miedema
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) lay the foundations for supporting global health and international development work for the next 15 years. Thirty years ago, the Ottawa Charter defined health promotion and outlined key principles for global action on health, including the importance of advocating, enabling and mediating for health equity. Advocacy underscores a human right to health and suggests political action to support its attainment. Enabling speaks to health promotion's focus on the empowerment of people and communities to take control over their health and aspirations...
May 25, 2018: Health Promotion International
Patrizia Garista, Giancarlo Pocetta, Bengt Lindström
More than 20 years ago an article about the use of drawings in higher education appeared in a medical journal. After that, other papers explored the possible contribution of drawings in adult education, while only very few in the field of health promotion and education. This article aims to introduce the use of drawing in this field using the salutogenic lens to think, plan and reflect on academic learning. Reflections on what salutogenesis is and what we can consider a clear application of salutogenic principles to the learning process answer a hypothetical question for the reader concerning the relationship between drawings and health promotion theories...
May 25, 2018: Health Promotion International
Tatjana Gazibara, Jelena Cakic, Milica Cakic, Tatjana Pekmezovic, Anita Grgurevic
Internet is important resource of health-related information and health services. Factors associated with higher level of online health (eHealth) literacy among adolescence have been understudied. The aim of this study was to assess psychometric properties of the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) in Serbian language and to evaluate eHealth literacy among adolescents in Serbia. The study was carried out in four high schools in Belgrade, Serbia in the period December 2016 to January 2017. A total of 702 students comprised the study sample...
May 25, 2018: Health Promotion International
Akram Khayatzadeh-Mahani, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté, Patrick Kenis, Mohammad Reza Akbari-Javar
The Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach requires formal and sustained governance structures and mechanisms to ensure that the policies of various non-health sectors maximize positive and minimize negative impacts on population health. In this paper, we demonstrate the usefulness of a network perspective in understanding and contributing to the effectiveness of HiAP. We undertook an exploratory, qualitative case study of a HiAP structure in Iran, the Kerman province Council of Health and Food Security (CHFS) with diverse members from health and non-health sectors...
May 25, 2018: Health Promotion International
Toshihiko Takada, Shingo Fukuma, Yosuke Yamamoto, Sayaka Shimizu, Kakuya Nihata, Jun Miyashita, Teruhisa Azuma, Michio Hayashi, Shunichi Fukuhara
Interest in the use of incentives to promote health behavior change has been growing worldwide. However, to develop an effective incentive program, accurate information regarding individual preferences is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify determinants of incentive preferences for health behavior change. A self-completed questionnaire survey regarding incentives for health behavior change was conducted in a Japanese village in 2015. The outcome measures were individual preferences for features of incentives, including item, frequency, type and value...
May 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
Suzanne Wijsman, Bronwen J Ackermann
The effectiveness of health promotion through arts engagement, and the health benefits and social importance of music in particular, are becoming increasingly recognized. However, like sport, music-making is an athletic endeavour, one that often involves high physiological and psychological loadings on the bodies and minds of musicians. Research over the past 30 years has revealed alarming rates of injury among musicians, and has identified health risk factors associated with music performance faced by professional and student musicians...
May 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
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