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Health Promotion International

František Ficek, Josef Novotný
Around 2.3 billion people in developing countries still lack access to improved sanitation facilities and almost one billion practice open defecation (OD). The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has recently become a particularly popular approach used in more than 60 countries. CLTS is a behavior-change approach that aims to ignite community action and make OD socially unacceptable without providing any external financial or material support to individual households. CLTS is sometimes perceived as a revolutionary approach that has proven to be highly cost-effective in abolishing OD...
September 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
Pouran D Faghri, Laura Punnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
Louise A van Herwerden, Claire Palermo, Dianne P Reidlinger
The importance of building capacity in community interventions is well recognized. There is general agreement about the determinants of capacity and a range of existing capacity frameworks, however there is limited evidence or consistency in practice around assessing capacity in community interventions. The aim of this review was to describe how capacity is assessed in community interventions. A systematic review of the literature across four databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Sociological Abstracts) was performed...
September 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
Louis Rice, Rachel Sara
In 1991, Dahlgren and Whitehead produced a highly influential model of the determinants of health that has since been used by numerous national and international public health organizations globally. The purpose of the model is to enable interventions that improve health to be addressed at four key policy levels. It is not a model of health or disease; instead the model is structured around health policy decision-making. However the model needs an update, since it was devised there has been a digital revolution that has transformed every aspect of: human life, our cities, society and the fundamental principles upon which the global economy operates...
September 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
Antoinette Mary Fage-Butler
Violence against women constitutes a significant public health problem affecting an estimated 35% of women worldwide (WHO, 2013); the scale of the problem and its ongoing intransigence indicate the need for critical and transformative approaches that confront the cultures that support gender violence and lead to change. The present paper analyses a program run in Scottish primary schools for 10-12 year olds called RESPECT that was successful in making pupils alert to and critical of gendering norms and practices...
September 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
N M J Kuijken, K Vlot-van Anrooij, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk, G Leusink, J Naaldenberg, M W Nijhuis-van der Sanden
This two-phase, qualitative study aims to obtain an overview of stakeholders in the network of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and their perceived facilitating and hindering factors, expectations, and perceived roles and responsibilities with regard to health promotion. In phase 1, four workshops were conducted to provide insight into involved stakeholders. In phase 2, 29 semi-structured interviews were conducted with stakeholders regarding their views on health promotion. Data were analysed using stakeholder matrices and a combination of domain and thematic analysis...
September 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Rodrigo Tobias de Sousa Lima
This article proposes an analysis of the fiscal austerity measures of the Brazilian government and its unfolding in the public health system. It has examined the post-impeachment period of the president of Brazil and the changes of the social policies conduct in opposition to the principle of equity and universality in health with impacts on Brazilian sovereignty. It was a scientific essay on the perspective of the Unified Health System (SUS) and the policy development based on fiscal austerity that is taking place in the Brazilian political scenario, seeking to articulate a diagnosis of the impact of these actions on the structure of the country and the health rights...
September 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Shawn R Currie
From a public health perspective, gambling shares many of the same characteristics as alcohol. Notably, excessive gambling is associated with many physical and emotional health harms, including depression, suicidal ideation, substance use and addiction and greater utilization of health care resources. Gambling also demonstrates a similar 'dose-response' relationship as alcohol-the more one gambles, the greater the likelihood of harm. Using the same collaborative, evidence-informed approach that produced Canada's Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking and Lower Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines, a research team is leading the development of the first national Low-Risk Gambling Guidelines (LRGGs) that will include quantitative thresholds for safe gambling...
September 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Magdalena Woynarowska-Soldan
The paper presents the results of the trial implementation of staff health promotion in the Health Promoting Schools (HPS) programme in Poland. The design and key results of the summative evaluation of the 3-year project and activities of schools after completion of the project are described. Over 900 teachers and non-teaching employees from 21 schools participated in the project. Its purpose was to verify the schools' ability to take action related to the promotion of staff health in the HPSs in Poland. The results of the summative evaluation of the project were considered positive and promising...
September 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Erika Marek, Gibson D'Cruz, Zoltan Katz, Istvan Szilard, Karoly Berenyi, Zsofia Feiszt
Due to its long border of the European Union Schengen Area, Hungary has long been affected by the rapidly growing inward migration towards the EU, which has become more acute in recent years. Inadequate access to healthcare among migrants has been widely reported and this may be due to a vast array of factors and may result in poorer health outcomes. Between August 2014 and April 2015 a questionnaire survey was conducted among migrants from a range of countries residing in the largest Hungarian refugee reception centre to establish participants' health knowledge and access to healthcare in Hungary (medical assessment, vaccination, etc...
September 4, 2018: Health Promotion International
Beniamino Cislaghi, Lori Heise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2018: Health Promotion International
Andrea Monteiro de Castro Graciano, Natalia Mendes Matos Cardoso, Suélen Alves Teixeira, Flavio de Freitas Mattos, Viviane Elisângela Gomes, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
School health promotion programs can reduce common health problems like obesity, diabetes and respiratory complications. This qualitative study aimed to investigate the perceptions of a group of teachers regarding issues related to the promotion of health in school. The 15 teachers sampled were from public primary schools in a city in southeastern Brazil. Interviews with teachers were conducted and data was analyzed employing content. Teacher practices regarding the promotion of health appeared to be aimed at their students and their daily habits and their practices...
August 14, 2018: Health Promotion International
Laura Tolnov Clausen, Carina Schmidt, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Helene Christine Reinbach, Ulla Toft, Paul Bloch
This paper describes children's perceptions and visions for a healthier social and physical environment in the setting of a primary school on the Danish island of Bornholm. Guided by an everyday-life perspective and applying participatory action research methods including social imagination and visual techniques within the framework of future creating workshops, the study engaged 50 children aged 6-9 years in creative processes of identifying health-related problem areas and solutions in their school setting...
August 13, 2018: Health Promotion International
Coraline Stormacq, Stephan Van den Broucke, Jacqueline Wosinski
While socioeconomic disparities are among the most fundamental causes of health disparities, socioeconomic status (SES) does not impact health directly. One of the potential mediating factors that link SES and health is health literacy (HL). Yet although HL can be considered a modifiable risk factor of socioeconomic disparities in health, the relationship between SES, HL and health disparities is not well understood. This study reviewed the evidence regarding the mediating role of HL in the relationship between socioeconomic and health disparities...
August 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
Guichard Anne, Tardieu Émilie, Nour Kareen, Lafontaine Ginette, Ridde Valéry
While numerous tools are available to better incorporate equity into population health actions, they are limited mainly by their lack of adaptation to professional practices and organizational realities. A study was conducted in Québec to identify and understand, from the perspective of future users, conditions that would facilitate use of a tool (Reflex-ISS) targeted at supporting collaborative action to improve consideration of social inequalities in health (SIH) within population health actions. Concept mapping and focus groups were implemented as complementary methods for investigating the conditions...
August 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
Aazam Doustmohammadian, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Nasrin Omidvar, Maryam Amini, Morteza Abdollahi, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Zeinab Amirhamidi, Saeed Esfandiari, Don Nutbeam
This study used a locally designed and validated questionnaire to describe the distribution of food and nutrition literacy (FNLIT) in a cross-sectional sample of 803 students aged 10-12 years from elementary schools in Tehran city, Iran. Logistic regression was used to assess the extent to which various independent covariates were associated with low FNLIT. The data were used to identify significant differences using a range of social and cultural variables relevant to the context of school students in Iran...
August 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Connie Allen, Jennifer Boddy, Elizabeth Kendall
At the broadest level, salutogenesis refers to an emphasis on the origins of health, as opposed to a predilection with the determinants of disease. Kickbusch urges health promotion professionals to adopt a salutogenic orientation; directing research and practice towards the question of 'what creates health?' This salutogenic study focused on the most pleasant part of the health continuum by asking: (i) what is high level wellness and (ii) how do people attain and maintain this way of being? Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 Australian adults who reported a 'high' or 'very high' level of wellness, health and happiness...
August 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Jennifer Browne, Brian Coffey, Kay Cook, Sarah Meiklejohn, Claire Palermo
Policy analysis provides a way for understanding how and why governments enact certain policies, and their effects. Public health policy research is limited and lacks theoretical underpinnings. This article aims to describe and critique different approaches to policy analysis thus providing direction for undertaking policy analysis in the field of health promotion. Through the use of an illustrative example in nutrition it aims to illustrate the different approaches. Three broad orientations to policy analysis are outlined: (i) Traditional approaches aim to identify the 'best' solution, through undertaking objective analyses of possible solutions...
August 7, 2018: Health Promotion International
Kyoung June Yi, Erin Cameron, Matthew Patey, Angela Loucks-Atkinson, T A Loeffler, Erin McGowan, Anne-Marie Sullivan, Christopher Borduas, Richard Buote
'Physical literacy' (PL) education-that is, teaching foundational skills, attitudes, behaviors and knowledge about lifelong involvements in physical activities, is an important aspect for health promotion among children. Universities have been playing a critical role by teaching future PL professionals. Additionally, various universities have offered university-based PL programming for neighborhood children as a way of public health promotion service and community engagement. However, this additional role of universities and the ways of promoting the quality of this type of health promotion service programming have not been investigated in the current research literature...
August 6, 2018: Health Promotion International
Michelle O'Reilly, Nisha Dogra, Jason Hughes, Paul Reilly, Riya George, Natasha Whiteman
The growing prevalence of adolescent mental disorders poses significant challenges for education and healthcare systems globally. Providers are therefore keen to identify effective ways of promoting positive mental health. This aim of this qualitative study was to explore perceptions that social media might be leveraged for the purposes of mental health promotion amongst adolescents aged between 11 and 18 years. Utilizing focus groups conducted with adolescents (N = 54), educational professionals (N = 16) and mental health practitioners (N = 8)...
July 30, 2018: Health Promotion International
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