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International Psychogeriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629482/dementia-care-mapping-in-long-term-care-settings-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#1
Ana Barbosa, Kathryn Lord, Alan Blighe, Gail Mountain
BACKGROUND: This systematic review identifies and reports the extent and nature of evidence to support the use of Dementia Care Mapping as an intervention in care settings. METHODS: The review was limited to studies that used Dementia Care Mapping as an intervention and included outcomes involving either care workers and/or people living with dementia. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, PsychINFO, EBSCO, and Scopus and manually from identified articles reference lists...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629481/depression-inflammation-and-memory-loss-among-mexican-americans-analysis-of-the-hable-cohort
#2
Leigh A Johnson, Melissa Edwards, Adriana Gamboa, James Hall, Michelle Robinson, Sid E O'Bryant
BACKGROUND: This study explored the combined impact of depression and inflammation on memory functioning among Mexican-American adults and elders. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 381 participants of the Health and Aging Brain study among Latino Elders (HABLE). Fasting serum samples were collected and assayed in duplicate using electrochemiluminesce on the SECTOR Imager 2400A from Meso Scale Discovery. Positive DepE (depression endophenotype) was codified as any score >1 on a five-point scale based on the GDS-30...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629480/a-bifactor-and-item-response-analysis-of-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory
#3
H Molde, K M Hynninen, T Torsheim, A B Bendixen, K Engedal, N A Pachana, I H Nordhus
BACKGROUND: Due to previously reported mixed findings, there is a need for further empirical research on the factorial structure of the commonly used Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI). Therefore, the psychometric properties of the GAI and its short form version (GAI-SF) were evaluated in a psychogeriatric mixed in-and-out patient sample (n = 543). METHODS: Unidimensionality was tested using a bifactor analysis. Rasch modeling was used to assess scale properties...
June 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625207/use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-relation-to-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-cognition-and-functional-performance-in-alzheimer-s-disease-over-a-three-year-period-kuopio-alsova-study
#4
Soili Törmälehto, Janne Martikainen, J Simon Bell, Ilona Hallikainen, Anne M Koivisto
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic medications are widely prescribed to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our objective was to investigate the longitudinal associations between psychotropic medication use and NPS, cognition, and functional performance in persons with very mild or mild AD at baseline. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the prospective three-year study of home-dwelling persons with AD and their caregivers (n = 236 dyads)...
June 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625203/understanding-temporal-relationships-between-depression-falls-and-physical-activity-in-a-cohort-of-post-hospitalized-older-adults-a-breakthrough-or-a-conundrum
#5
Den-Ching A Lee, Aislinn F Lalor, Grant Russell, Rene Stolwyk, Ted Brown, Fiona McDermott, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: Clinical depression affects approximately 15% of community-dwelling older adults, of which half of these cases present in later life. Falls and depressive symptoms are thought to co-exist, while physical activity may protect an older adult from developing depressive symptoms. This study investigates the temporal relationships between depressive symptoms, falls, and participation in physical activities amongst older adults recently discharged following extended hospitalization...
June 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625199/color-vision-test-to-differentiate-alzheimer-s-disease-from-vascular-dementia
#6
Tomoyuki Kawada
Arnaoutoglou et al. (2017) reported that "Ishihara Color Vision Test - 38 Plate" was useful for the differential diagnosis of dementia between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Vascular Dementia (VaD). The authors used sensitivity/specificity analysis, presenting 80.6% and 87.5% to discriminate AD and VaD patients when an optimal (32.5) cut-off value of performance was used. The authors cited a reference of the fact that AD patients suffered from a non-specific type of color blindness (Pache et al., 2003), and I have a query on their study with special reference to statistical method...
June 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625189/influence-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-depression-and-anxiety-on-the-intensity-of-self-reported-cognitive-complaint-in-older-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#7
Caroline Tandetnik, Thierry Hergueta, Philippe Bonnet, Bruno Dubois, Catherine Bungener
BACKGROUND: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) designates a self-reported cognitive decline despite preserved cognitive abilities. This study aims to explore, in older adults with SCD, the association between intensity of self-reported cognitive complaint and psychological factors including Young's early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) (i.e. enduring cognitive structures giving rise to beliefs about oneself and the world), as well as depression and anxiety. METHODS: Seventy-six subjects (69...
June 19, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615085/contact-and-perspective-taking-improve-humanness-standards-and-perceptions-of-humanness-of-older-adults-and-people-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#8
Anca M Miron, Susan H McFadden, Nathan J Hermus, Jennifer Buelow, Amanda S Nazario, Katarena Seelman
BACKGROUND: No empirical work has systematically explored perceptions of humanness of people with dementia and of older adults and the variables that could improve these perceptions. We thus investigated the role of contact and perspective taking in improving perceptions of humanness of these social groups. To do so, we developed a new concept, humanness standards, defined as the amount of evidence of ability impairment needed to conclude that elderly people and those with dementia have lost personhood...
June 15, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615083/importance-of-social-relationships-in-the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-cognitive-function-data-from-community-dwelling-older-singaporeans
#9
Grand H-L Cheng, Angelique Chan, June C Lo
BACKGROUND: Aging is accompanied by cognitive decline that is escalated in older adults reporting extreme sleep duration. Social relationships can influence health outcomes and thus may qualify the association between sleep duration and cognitive function. The present study examines the moderating effects of marital status, household size, and social network with friends and relatives on the sleep-cognition association among older adults. METHODS: Data (N = 4,169) came from the Social Isolation, Health, and Lifestyles Survey, a nationally representative survey of community-dwelling older Singaporeans (≥ 60 years)...
June 15, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615081/clinical-variables-related-to-the-diagnostic-stability-of-demential-syndromes
#10
Fabiano Moulin de Moraes, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci
BACKGROUND: Assigning a diagnosis to a patient with dementia is important for the present treatment of the patient and caregivers, and scientific research. Nowadays, the dementia diagnostic criteria are based on clinical information regarding medical, history, physical examination, neuropsychological tests, and supplementary exams and, therefore, subject to variability through time. METHODS: A retrospective observational study to evaluate variables related to clinical diagnostic stability in dementia syndromes in at least one year follow up...
June 15, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606195/a-mismatch-between-supply-and-demand-of-social-support-in-dementia-care-a-qualitative-study-on-the-perspectives-of-spousal-caregivers-and-their-social-network-members
#11
Alieske E H Dam, Lizzy M M Boots, Martin P J van Boxtel, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: Access to social support contributes to feelings of independence and better social health. This qualitative study aims to investigate multi-informant perspectives on informal social support in dementia care networks. METHODS: Ten spousal caregivers of people with dementia (PwD) completed an ecogram, a social network card and a semi-structured interview. The ecogram aimed to trigger subjective experiences regarding social support. Subsequently, 17 network members were interviewed...
June 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595679/performance-based-everyday-functional-competence-measures-across-the-adult-lifespan-the-role-of-cognitive-abilities
#12
Erika Borella, Alessandra Cantarella, Emilie Joly, Paolo Ghisletta, Elena Carbone, Deborah Coraluppi, Federica Piras, Rossana De Beni
BACKGROUND: The effects of age on the ability to manage everyday functioning, crucial to ensure a healthy aging process, have been rarely examined and when, self-report measures have been used. The aim of the present study was to examine age effects across the adult lifespan in everyday functioning with two performance-based measures: the Everyday Problems Test (EPT), and the Timed Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (TIADL) tasks. The role of some crucial cognitive abilities, i.e...
June 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595662/behavior-and-evolution-of-young-onset-dementia-part-2-beyond-ii-study-an-intervention-study-aimed-at-improvement-in-the-management-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-institutionalized-people-with-young-onset-dementia
#13
J C L van Duinen-van den IJssel, B Appelhof, S A Zwijsen, M Smalbrugge, F R J Verhey, M E de Vugt, S U Zuidema, R T C M Koopmans, C Bakker
BACKGROUND: Both neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and psychotropic drug use (PDU) are common in institutionalized People with Young Onset Dementia (PwYOD) and can produce negative outcomes such as reduced quality of life and high workload. In community-dwelling PwYOD, NPS are found to be associated with unmet care needs. This emphasizes the importance of a care program for the management of NPS in institutionalized PwYOD that also addresses unmet care needs and PDU. The objectives of the Behavior and Evolution of Young ONset Dementia part 2 (BEYOND-II) study are to develop a care program for the management of NPS in institutionalized PwYOD and to evaluate its effectiveness...
June 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593829/communication-behaviors-associated-with-successful-conversation-in-semantic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#14
Cathleen Taylor-Rubin, Karen Croot, Emma Power, Sharon A Savage, John R Hodges, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) affects a range of language and cognitive domains that impact on conversation. Little is known about conversation breakdown in the semantic variant of PPA (svPPA, also known as semantic dementia). This study investigates conversation of people with svPPA. METHODS: Dyadic conversations about everyday activities between seven individuals with svPPA and their partners, and seven control pairs were video recorded and transcribed...
June 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592351/actual-expense-associated-with-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-colombia
#15
Sergio I Prada, Yuri Takeuchi, Angela M Merchán-Galvis, Yoseth Ariza-Araújo
BACKGROUND: There is paucity in the level of knowledge on the actual insurer expenses associated with patients suffering with dementia in the developing world. Less is known about direct costs by severity and how costs vary because of the presence of other comorbidities. METHODS: Using claims data from an insurer for three years, we identified patients with AD with an algorithm that takes advantage of information on age, primary diagnosis, and services and drugs provided...
June 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592349/development-of-a-video-delivered-relaxation-treatment-of-late-life-anxiety-for-veterans
#16
Christine E Gould, Aimee Marie L Zapata, Janine Bruce, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Ruth O'Hara, Eric Kuhn, Mary K Goldstein, Sherry A Beaudreau
BACKGROUND: Behavioral treatments reduce anxiety, yet many older adults may not have access to these efficacious treatments. To address this need, we developed and evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a video-delivered anxiety treatment for older Veterans. This treatment program, BREATHE (Breathing, Relaxation, and Education for Anxiety Treatment in the Home Environment), combines psychoeducation, diaphragmatic breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation training with engagement in activities...
June 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587701/brain-atrophy-is-a-frequent-finding-in-elderly-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#17
Ulla-Marja Louhija, Tuula Saarela, Kati Juva, Björn Appelberg
BACKGROUND: To characterize the yearly incidence, diagnostic distribution, and neuro-radiologic findings in patients aged over 60 years, referred to psychiatric treatment with first episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: A computerized search, including all patients referred to psychiatric treatment during 12 consecutive months with a de novo diagnosis of psychosis was performed in the Helsinki region catchment area with 1.2 million inhabitants. Diagnoses based on hospital records were made by a group of one neurologist and three psychiatrists...
June 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587690/family-members-experience-of-the-pre-diagnostic-phase-of-dementia-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#18
Kirrily Rogers, Honor Coleman, Amy Brodtmann, David Darby, Vicki Anderson
BACKGROUND: Most research on family members' experience of dementia has focused on the time after diagnosis. Yet, once people reach clinical attention, families have already been living with the changes for some time. These pre-diagnosis experiences can influence later caregiving. We aimed to synthesize qualitative research exploring family members' experiences of the pre-diagnostic phase of dementia to inform clinical practice. METHODS: We conducted a thematic synthesis of 11 studies that met our inclusion criteria following a comprehensive literature search...
June 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566108/cognitive-performance-of-community-dwelling-oldest-old-individuals-with-major-depression-the-piet%C3%A3-study
#19
Filipi Leles da Costa Dias, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Henrique Cerqueira Guimarães, Maira Tonidandel Barbosa, Elisa de Paula França Resende, Rogério Gomes Beato, Karoline Carvalho Carmona, Paulo Caramelli
BACKGROUND: Individuals with late-life depression (LLD) may present cognitive symptoms. We sought to determine whether a brief cognitive battery (BCB) could identify cognitive and functional deficits in oldest-old individuals with LLD and a low level of education. METHODS: We evaluated 639 community-dwelling individuals aged 75+ years in Caeté (MG), Brazil. We used the MINI and GDS-15 to diagnose major depression and evaluate its severity, respectively. The cognitive evaluation comprised the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), BCB, clock-drawing test, category fluency test (animals) and Pfeffer's Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ)...
June 1, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560945/detecting-delirium-superimposed-on-dementia-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-simple-combined-arousal-and-attention-testing-procedure
#20
Sarah J Richardson, Daniel H J Davis, Giuseppe Bellelli, Wolfgang Hasemann, David Meagher, Stefan H Kreisel, Alasdair M J MacLullich, Joaquim Cerejeira, Alessandro Morandi
BACKGROUND: Detecting delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD) can be challenging because assessment partly relies on cognitive tests that may be abnormal in both conditions. We hypothesized that a combined arousal and attention testing procedure would accurately detect DSD. METHODS: Patients aged ≥70 years were recruited from five hospitals across Europe. Delirium was diagnosed by physicians using DSM-5 criteria using information from nurses, carers, and medical records...
May 31, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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