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International Psychogeriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921991/the-role-of-depression-in-the-insomnia-of-people-with-subjective-memory-impairment-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-a-community-sample-of-elderly-individuals-in-south-korea
#1
Won-Hyoung Kim, Ji-Hyun Kim, Byung-Soo Kim, Sung-Man Chang, Dong-Woo Lee, Maeng-Je Cho, Jae-Nam Bae
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the relationship between insomnia and cognitive dysfunctions including, subjective memory impairment (SMI), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and dementia, by considering depression in a community sample of elderly individuals. METHODS: Data for 1,740 elderly individuals aged 65 years and over were obtained from a nationwide dementia epidemiological study conducted in South Korea. Cognitive functional status was assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet Clinical Assessment Battery...
December 6, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917740/delirium-superimposed-on-dementia-phenomenological-differences-between-patients-with-and-without-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-a-specialized-delirium-unit
#2
Jennifer Abengaña, Mei Sian Chong, Laura Tay
BACKGROUND: Overlap between neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia and delirium complicates diagnosis of delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD). This study sought to examine differences in delirium presentation and outcomes between DSD patients with and without pre-existing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of older adults with DSD admitted to a specialized delirium unit (December 2010-August 2012)...
December 5, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916019/promoting-early-dementia-diagnosis-a-video-designed-by-patients-for-patients
#3
Nina Baruch, Charlotte L Allan, Maureen Cundell, Samuel Clark, Brian Murray
Early diagnosis of dementia allows people to access effective treatment and make advance decisions while they still have capacity. We aimed to encourage people to attend memory clinic, in order to boost rates of diagnosis. We created a patient information video about Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust Memory Clinics, to inform and empower those awaiting assessment and to promote early diagnosis. Fourteen people (patients, carers, and staff) were approached prior to developing the video to ascertain their views on the themes the video should cover...
December 5, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905268/mapt-mutation-associated-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-parkinsonism-ftdp-17
#4
Robert Haussmann, Marek Wysocki, Moritz D Brandt, Andreas Hermann, Markus Donix
We present a 56-year-old patient suffering from frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). The history included a three-generation pedigree and the patient was found to be a mutation carrier. The diagnosis was hindered by late appearance of the hypokinetic movement disorder. For clinicians, it is important to consider rare neurodegenerative disease variants in early-onset familial dementia syndromes with behavioral, cognitive, and motor symptoms.
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903325/the-impact-of-offspring-marital-status-on-depressive-symptoms-of-parents-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#5
Woorim Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Noticeable demographic changes have taken place in South Korea, with the general marriage rate decreasing and the average first age at marriage and general divorce rate increasing. The shown trends have contributed to intergenerational discordance in the perception of familial values, which is important in addressing the psychological well-being of parents. This study aimed to investigate the association between the marital status of offspring aged 40 years and over and the depression levels of parents...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903322/non-use-of-day-care-services-for-dementia-in-singapore-a-dilemma-for-caregivers
#6
Shan Huang, Konstadina Griva, Christina A Bryant, Philip Yap
BACKGROUND: Day care services for patients with dementia (PWD) are generally under-utilized worldwide despite evidence of positive outcomes, such as improved behavioral, psychological, and cognitive functioning for patients, and reduced caregiver burden. This study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons for non-utilization of day care services in Singapore using qualitative methodology. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 caregivers of PWD who had never attended day care services participated in semi-structured interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903319/the-times-they-are-a-changin-cohort-effects-in-aging-cognition-and-dementia
#7
Mary Ganguli
Two papers recently published in IPG point toward decreasing rates of cognitive decline and dementia in high-income countries. (Dodge et al., 2016; Kosteniuk et al., 2016). These reports join the ranks of a growing body of literature on generational trends, or more, specifically, "cohort effects," in aging, cognitive decline, and dementia.
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903307/the-cumulative-effect-of-frailty-and-cognition-on-mortality-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Philip D St John, Suzanne L Tyas, Lauren E Griffith, Verena Menec
BACKGROUND: Both physical frailty and cognitive impairment predict death, but the joint effect of these two factors is uncertain. The objectives are to determine if the Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Frailty Index (FI) predict death over a five-year interval after accounting for the effect of the other; and if there is an interaction in this effect. METHODS: An analysis of an existing prospective cohort study of 1,751 community living older adults followed over a five-year time frame...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903306/dementia-care-worker-stress-associations-with-unit-type-resident-and-work-environment-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project-shurp
#9
Barbara Vogel, Sabina De Geest, Katharina Fierz, Sonja Beckmann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Although caring for residents with dementia in nursing homes is associated with various stressors for care workers, the role of the unit type, and particularly the proportion of residents with dementia, remains unclear. This study aimed to explore associations between unit type and care worker stress, taking into account additional potential stressors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis in the Swiss Nursing Homes Human Resources Project, which included data from 3,922 care workers from 156 Swiss nursing homes...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890036/treatment-preferences-for-depression-in-the-elderly
#10
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Janine Stein, Katharina Heilmann, Wolfgang Maier, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Martin Scherer, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Birgitt Wiese, Lilia Moor, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: If patients are treated according to their personal preferences, depression treatment success is higher. It is not known which treatment options for late-life depression are preferred by patients aged 75 years and over and whether there are determinants of these preferences. METHODS: The data were derived from the German "Late-life depression in primary care: needs, health care utilization, and costs (AgeMooDe)" study. Patients aged 75+ years (N = 1,230) were recruited from primary care practices...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890032/ageism-we-are-our-own-worst-enemy
#11
Kerry Sargent-Cox
In 1969, Butler (1969) first coined the term "ageism" to confront "prejudice by one age group toward other age groups" (pp. 243). As with other "isms," such as racism and sexism, ageism leads to bigotry and discrimination, though it is a very distinct beast in that, for the most part, other "isms" refer to those different from ourselves: distinct, mutually exclusive, and impervious groups. Conversely, age is a fluid social construct in which we are all intimately bound as we move through the lifespan, transitioning in and out of different age-groups...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890029/keeping-the-person-with-dementia-and-the-informal-caregiver-together-a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions
#12
Annemarie Rausch, Monique A A Caljouw, Eva S van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Social support, relationships, and closeness are emphasized as important by both people with dementia and their informal caregivers. Psychosocial interventions might be helpful to reinforce the relationship between a person with dementia and his or her informal caregiver. Therefore, this review explores what types of psychosocial interventions have been provided for people with dementia and their informal caregivers together, and the effectiveness of these interventions. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, Cinahl, and references of key papers were searched for studies describing a psychosocial intervention for people with dementia and their informal caregivers together...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890028/the-newly-revised-interview-for-deteriorations-in-daily-living-activities-in-dementia-r-iddd2-distinguishing-initiative-from-performance-at-assessment
#13
Clarissa M Giebel, David Challis, Daniela Montaldi
BACKGROUND: Minimal evidence exists on the detailed deficits in complex instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in mild dementia. The aim of this study was twofold, to validate a revised questionnaire focusing measuring the initiative and performance of IADLs in mild dementia and to explore the relationship between individual IADLs and patient and carer well-being. METHODS: A total of 183 carers of people with mild dementia completed a further modified Revised Interview for Deterioration in Daily Living Activities 2 (R-IDDD2), which comprised new activities such as computer use, as well as sub-activities on the performance scale...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876108/unmarried-patients-with-early-cognitive-impairment-are-more-likely-than-their-married-counterparts-to-complete-advance-care-plans
#14
Tong Jen Lo, Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Chong Jin Ng, Gabriel Tan, Hui Mien Koh, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Patients with early cognitive impairment (ECI) face the prospect of progressive cognitive decline that impairs their ability to make decisions on financial and personal matters. Advance care planning (ACP) is a process that facilitates decision making on future care and often includes identifying a proxy decision maker. This prospective study explores factors related to completion or non-completion of ACP in patients with ECI. METHODS: Patients with ECI (n = 158, M age = 76...
November 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876103/boston-naming-test-bnt-original-brazilian-adapted-version-and-short-forms-normative-data-for-illiterate-and-low-educated-older-adults
#15
Karla Shimura Barea Leite, Eliane Correa Miotto, Ricardo Nitrini, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were (1) to describe and compare the performance of illiterate and low-educated older adults, without evidence of cognitive impairment, on different versions of the Boston Naming Test (BNT) original, Brazilian adapted, abbreviated 30-item (even and odd) and 15-item from the CERAD (Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease) battery; (2) to compare performance on the original versus adapted versions of the BNT. METHODS: A total of 180 healthy older adults (60 years or older) were stratified according to educational level (0, 1-2, and 3-4 years), and age (60-69, 70-79, and ≥ 80 years)...
November 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876101/caring-for-people-with-dementia-in-hospital-findings-from-a-survey-to-identify-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-best-practice-dementia-care
#16
Joanne Tropea, Dina LoGiudice, Danny Liew, Carol Roberts, Caroline Brand
BACKGROUND: Best practice dementia care is not always provided in the hospital setting. Knowledge, attitudes and motivation, practitioner behavior, and external factors can influence uptake of best practice and quality care. The aim of this study was to determine hospital staff perceived barriers and enablers to implementing best practice dementia care. METHODS: A 17-item survey was administered at two Australian hospitals between July and September 2014. Multidisciplinary staff working in the emergency departments and general medical wards were invited to participate in the survey...
November 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866485/determinants-of-the-nurses-and-nursing-assistants-request-for-antipsychotics-for-people-with-dementia
#17
Sarah I M Janus, Jeannette G van Manen, Maarten J IJzerman, Marloes Bisseling, Constance H C Drossaert, Sytse U Zuidema
BACKGROUND: Although physicians are responsible for writing the antipsychotic prescriptions for patients with dementia, the initiative is often taken by nurses or nursing assistants. To reduce antipsychotics uses, one needs to understand the reasons for nurses and nursing assistants to request them. This study gives an overview of the influencing factors for this request based on the Theory of Planned Behavior in which attitude, beliefs, and behavioral control is thought to influence the intention to request, which in turn affects the behavior to request for a prescription...
November 21, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852342/on-studying-ageism-in-long-term-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
José Manuel Sousa de São José, Carla Alexandra Filipe Amado
BACKGROUND: Ageism in long-term care is pervasive, but it is not easy to define, to identify and to fight it in practice. These difficulties could be overcome if we develop research capable to conceptualize, detect, measure, and understand the multidimensionality and complexity of ageism. Nevertheless, to achieve this, it is fundamental to know how ageism in long-term care has been previously studied. METHODS: This paper systematically reviews studies on ageism in long-term care services published before October 2015 and indexed in Web of Science, PubMed, and Social Care Online electronic databases...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852340/subjective-and-objective-traumatic-death-distinct-roles-in-developing-complicated-grief-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#19
Suqin Tang, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of complicated grief are associated with a traumatic death. However, the subjective experience of whether or not the death was considered traumatic has not been substantially explored. This study first examined the difference between objective and subjective traumatic death, and then investigated their respective impacts on complicated grief and depressive symptoms following bereavement among older adults in Hong Kong. METHODS: Participants were 187 Hong Kong adults aged 65 years or above who had lost a family member within the past five years...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852339/relocation-experiences-with-unplanned-admission-to-a-nursing-home-a-qualitative-study
#20
Andrea Luise Koppitz, Jutta Dreizler, Jeanine Altherr, Georg Bosshard, Rahel Naef, Lorenz Imhof
BACKGROUND: In many countries, people over 85 years of age are relocated involuntarily or unplanned to a nursing home. In Switzerland, 43% of elderly over 85 years are admitted to nursing homes after hospital discharge. This percentage is higher than in the USA with 32.5% or in Germany with only 19%. Despite those more frequent Swiss admissions, no research has been conducted exploring how unplanned admissions to nursing homes affect the adaptation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding into unplanned admissions to nursing homes and to explore its impact on adaptation...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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