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International Psychogeriatrics

Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Thâmara Manoela Marinho Bezerra, Flaviano da Silva Santos, Suzanne Vieira Saintrain, Lucianna Leite Pequeno, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Anya Pimentel Gomes Fernandes Vieira-Meyer
ABSTRACTBackground:The study aims to assess the relationship between oral discomfort and subjective well-being (SWB) in older people. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted in four Reference Centers for Social Welfare in Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. A census was held and individual interviews were carried out with all the older people (n = 246) enrolled in the centers. A questionnaire addressing sociodemographic data (age, gender, marital status, income, and education) and oral discomfort (dry mouth, difficulty in chewing and swallowing food, problems with the taste of food, burning mouth sensation, pain for no apparent reason, and mouth swelling) and the 62-item SWB scale were used...
July 12, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Keith Fluegge
While APOE ε4 allele is considered a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), no relation existed between APOE ε4 and AD in the Yoruba in Nigeria among cohorts included in early prevalence waves. The authors' explanation that other disease susceptibilities may provoke earlier mortality is inconsistent with the Yoruba having a lower incidence of disease risk factors. Cohort enrichment in 2001 has altered the authors' conclusions; Yorba participants homozygous, and not heterozygous, for the ε4 allele had significantly increased risk for AD (HR = 2...
July 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Brenda Vrkljan, Ariane Montpetit, Gary Naglie, Mark Rapoport, Barbara Mazer
ABSTRACTBackground:Major life transitions can negatively impact the emotional well-being of older people. This study examined the effectiveness of interventions that target the three most common transitions in later life, namely bereavement, retirement, and relocation. METHODS: A systematic search was performed via MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and reference lists of retrieved non-randomized and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in English that studied the effectiveness of interventions addressing the three transitions in those >50 years of age...
July 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Liana Machado, Laura M Thompson, Christopher H R Brett
ABSTRACTBackground:The current research sought to characterize current mood state profiles in healthy young versus older adults using 100-point visual analogue mood scales (VAMS), provide within-sample and new sample replication of age-group differences, assess sex differences, and compare with commonly used standardized symptom measures. METHODS: In two studies, six word-only VAMS (happy, sad, calm, tense, energetic, and sleepy) were administered in a laboratory setting. In Study 1, 22 young and 29 older males completed the VAMS six times (twice per day at weekly intervals)...
July 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
John R Peteet, Faten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig
ABSTRACTWe examine how to sensibly integrate spirituality into the care of older adult medical and psychiatric patients from a multi-cultural perspective. First, definitions of spirituality and spiritual integration are provided. Second, we examine the logic that justifies spiritual integration, including research that demonstrates an association between religious/spiritual (R/S) involvement and health in older adults and research that indicates widespread spiritual needs in later life and the consequences of addressing or ignoring them...
July 10, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Bárbara Bispo da Silva Alves, Elizabete de Oliveira Barbosa, Daniel de Moraes Pimentel, Lara S F Carneiro, Ana Carolina M A Rodrigues, Andréa Camaz Deslandes, Mariana Rocha Alves, Vinícius Dias Rodrigues, Ester Liberato Pereira, Alfredo Maurício Batista de Paula, Camila Castelo Branco Pupe, Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior
ABSTRACTObjective:To compare cognitive function among frail and prefrail older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one non-institutionalized older individuals participated in this study. MEASUREMENTS: Cognitive functions were evaluated through Mini-Mental State Examination (Global Cognition), Digit Span Forward (short-term memory), Digit Span Backward (working memory), Verbal Fluency Test (semantic memory/executive function)...
June 29, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Tomoharu Yamaguchi, Yohko Maki, Masamitsu Takatama, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
ABSTRACTBackground:Theory of Mind reasoning, which plays a pivotal role in social interaction, is required to detect deception. Empirically, those with cognitive decline are vulnerable to deception. METHODS: Participants were 45 healthy elderly adults with clinical dementia rating (CDR) 0, and 76 outpatients: 25 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI, CDR 0.5), 34 with mild Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD, CDR 1), and 17 with moderate ADD (CDR 2). The task consisted of two single-frame cartoons that depicted a character with an intention to deceive another character using social signs of gaze and pointing, and participants are provided clue questions to detect the character's intentions...
June 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Emilio González-Pablos, Rosa Sanguino-Andrés, José A López-Villalobos, Federico Iglesias-Santa Polonia, Guillermo Hoyos-Villagrá, Clara González-Sanguino
Today, cognitive dysfunction is accepted as a feature of schizophrenia. As the patients age, this dysfunction is higher and harder to evaluate due to the interaction among aging, other somatic diseases, psychoactive drugs, etc.
June 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Maria Alessi, Katalin Szanto, Alexandre Dombrovski
ABSTRACTObjectives:To understand pathways to suicide by investigating the association between personality and suicidal motivations in mid- and late-life attempts. DESIGN: In a two-study approach, we measured different components of suicidal motivations using an existing self-report investigating reasons for suicide and a semi-qualitative assessment of motivational states preceding attempts. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient psychiatric services in Pittsburgh, PA...
June 20, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Cansu Usarel, Ozge Dokuzlar, Ali Ekrem Aydin, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik
ABSTRACTIntroduction:There is still a need for short, practical, and daily-appropriate scales to distinguish between normal cognitive aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or dementia for patients with memory complaints. This study aimed to determine validity and reliability of AD8 (Dementia Screening Interview) to detect both MCI and dementia in Turkish geriatric outpatients. METHODS: Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed in 334 patients, who attended with their informants to the geriatric outpatient clinic for memory complaints...
June 20, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Jin-Hyuck Park, Minye Jung, Jongbae Kim, Hae Yean Park, Jung-Ran Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park
ABSTRACTBackground:The mobile screening test system for screening mild cognitive impairment (mSTS-MCI) was developed for clinical use. However, the clinical usefulness of mSTS-MCI to detect elderly with MCI from those who are cognitively healthy has yet to be validated. Moreover, the comparability between this system and traditional screening tests for MCI has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the mSTS-MCI and confirm the cut-off scores to detect MCI...
June 20, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Yvonne C M Rensen, Jos I M Egger, Josette Westhoff, Serge J W Walvoort, Roy P C Kessels
ABSTRACTObjectives:Errorless learning is a promising rehabilitation principle for learning tasks in patients with amnesia, including patients with Korsakoff's syndrome. Errorless learning might possibly also contribute to decreases in behavioral and psychiatric problems, as patients in long-term care facilities become more independent after training. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of errorless learning on potential changes in psychotic and affective symptoms, aggression and apathy, in contrast with a control group who received care as usual...
June 20, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Jacqueline van der Lee, Ton J E M Bakker, Rose-Marie Dröes
ABSTRACTBackground:Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPI) of dementia are important determinants of caregiver burden, while caregiver coping styles and competences can relieve burden. Caregivers differ in coping with the demands made on them and in experienced burden. What changes in caregivers explain recovery from burden, and which caregiver characteristics predict recovery from burden over time, and does treatment make a difference? METHODS: This study into recovery from burden was a secondary analysis of data collected in a formerly conducted randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the integrated reactivation and rehabilitation (IRR) programme in a psychiatric-skilled nursing home, compared to usual care (UC; i...
June 19, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Andreas Ihle, Michel Oris, Marie Baeriswyl, Matthias Kliegel
ABSTRACTBackground:From a conceptual point of view, close friends are an important resource for promoting activity engagement in old age. Leisure activity engagement in turn is a key predictor of cognitive performance. Empirically, it remains unclear so far whether leisure activity engagement mediates between having close friends on the one hand and cognitive performance on the other, which we investigated in a large sample of older adults. METHODS: We assessed cognitive performance (Mill Hill vocabulary scale and Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B) in 2,812 older adults...
June 1, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Cheolmin Shin, Byung-Joo Ham, Young-Hoon Ko, Chi-Un Pae, Moon Ho Park, David C Steffens, Ashwin A Patkar, Changsu Han
ABSTRACTBackground:Complement factor H (CFH) plays a key role in regulating the cascade of the alternative pathway of the complement system. Dysregulation of CFH may be involved in the pathophysiology of various inflammation-mediated diseases including neuropsychiatric illnesses. This study aimed to investigate this relationship by examining determining CFH levels in elderly individuals with and without depression. METHODS: A total of 152 elderly individuals (major depressive disorder (MDD) group, n = 76; comparison sample, n = 76) were selected from the Ansan Geriatric study...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
S Cosh, I Carrière, V Daien, C Tzourio, C Delcourt, C Helmer
ABSTRACTObjectives:To examine the longitudinal risk of vision loss (VL) or hearing loss (HL) for experiencing suicidal ideation in older adults. DESIGN: The Three-City study, examining data from three waves of follow-up (2006-2008, 2008-2010, and 2010-2012). SETTING: Community-dwelling older French adults. PARTICIPANTS: N = 5,438 adults aged 73 years and over. MEASUREMENTS: Suicidality was assessed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Major Depressive Disorder module...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Craig Sinclair, Kate Gersbach, Michelle Hogan, Romola S Bucks, Kirsten A Auret, Josephine M Clayton, Meera Agar, Sue Kurrle
ABSTRACTObjectives:Recent research has demonstrated the challenges to self-identity associated with dementia, and the importance of maintaining involvement in decision-making while adjusting to changes in role and lifestyle. This study aimed to understand the lived experiences of couples living with dementia, with respect to healthcare, lifestyle, and "everyday" decision-making. DESIGN: Semi-structured qualitative interviews using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis as the methodological approach...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Cristina G Dumitrache, Laura Rubio, Eulogio Cordón-Pozo
ABSTRACTBackground:Psychological and social resources such as extraversion, optimism, social support, or social networks contribute to adaptation and to successful aging. Building on assumptions derived from successful aging and from the developmental adaptation models, this study aims to analyze the joint impact of different psychosocial resources, such as personality, social relations, health, and socio-demographic characteristics on life satisfaction in a group of people aged 65 years-old and older from Spain...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Amy Gough, Beverley Cassidy, Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Donaldo D Canales, Keri-Leigh Cassidy
ABSTRACTBackground:The Fountain of Health (FoH) initiative is a knowledge transfer (KT) project on the science of brain health and resilience promotion, in alignment with positive psychiatry. OBJECTIVES: Assess the effectiveness of FoH KT delivered in individual and group-based formats. DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention quality assurance survey of FoH KT. SETTING: Interventions occurred in Nova Scotia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Adults over age 50 years without pre-existing dementia were targeted...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Abu P Varghese, J Prasad, K S Jacob
ABSTRACTBackground and Aims:The changes in DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for dementia (Major neurocognitive disorder (NCD)) and mild cognitive impairment (mild NCD) mandate a re-evaluation of screening instruments. This study attempted to validate screening instruments, identify optimum threshold, and describe their indices of efficacy. METHOD: Consecutive people above the age of 65 years attending the outpatient department of a general hospital were recruited. They were assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Vellore Screening Instruments for Dementia and were evaluated against the DSM-5 standard...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
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