journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Psychogeriatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335041/clinical-correlates-of-resilience-factors-in-geriatric-depression
#1
Kelsey T Laird, Helen Lavretsky, Pattharee Paholpak, Roza M Vlasova, Michael Roman, Natalie St Cyr, Prabha Siddarth
BACKGROUND: Traditional perspectives conceptualize resilience as a trait and depression as resulting from resilience deficiency. However, research indicates that resilience varies substantially even among adults who are clinically depressed, as well as across the lifespan of an individual. Few studies have investigated resilience in depression, and even fewer have examined resilience in depressed older adults. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-seven adults ≥60 years with major depressive disorder completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and measures of mental health, quality of life (QOL), and medical comorbidity...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335040/does-a-cognitive-stress-test-predict-progression-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-equally-well-in-clinical-versus-population-based-settings
#2
Joanne C Beer, Beth E Snitz, Chung-Chou H Chang, David A Loewenstein, Mary Ganguli
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that semantic interference may be a sensitive indicator of early dementia. We examined the utility of the Semantic Interference Test (SIT), a cognitive stress memory paradigm which taps proactive and retroactive semantic interference, for predicting progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia in both a clinical and a population-based sample. METHODS: Participants with MCI in the clinical (n = 184) and population-based (n = 435) samples were followed for up to four years...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335038/what-is-the-prevalence-of-untreated-depression-and-death-ideation-in-older-people-data-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#3
Robert Briggs, Katy Tobin, Rose Anne Kenny, Sean P Kennelly
OBJECTIVE: Late life depression (LLD) confers significant morbidity and mortality but is well recognized that it often goes undetected or untreated. The objective of this study is to quantify the burden of untreated depression and death ideation (DI) at a population level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study ascertaining the prevalence of, and factors associated with, untreated depression and DI. SETTING: This study, embedded within the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, involves over 7,000 community-dwelling people aged ≥50 years...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335035/innovating-dementia-care-implementing-characteristics-of-green-care-farms-in-other-long-term-care-settings
#4
Yvette Buist, Hilde Verbeek, Bram de Boer, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: People with dementia at green care farms (GCFs) are physically more active, have more social interactions, are involved in a larger variety of activities, and come outdoors more often than those in other long-term dementia care settings. These aspects may positively affect health and well-being. This study explored which and how characteristics of GCFs could be implemented in other long-term dementia care settings, taking into account possible facilitators and barriers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 professionals from GCFs, independent small-scale long-term care facilities, and larger scale long-term care facilities in the Netherlands...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335033/should-capacity-assessments-be-performed-routinely-prior-to-discussing-advance-care-planning-with-older-people
#5
Oleg Kiriaev, Emme Chacko, J D Jurgens, Meagan Ramages, Phillipa Malpas, Gary Cheung
BACKGROUND: People with dementia receive worse end of life care compared to those with cancer. Barriers to undertaking advanced care planning (ACP) in people with dementia include the uncertainty about their capacity to engage in such discussions. The primary aim of this study was to compare the Advance Care Planning-Capacity Assessment Vignette tool (ACP-CAV) with a semi-structured interview adapted from the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T). The secondary aim was to identify demographic and cognitive functioning variables that may predict whether a person has capacity to discuss ACP...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295720/exploring-dementia-management-attitudes-in-primary-care-a-key-informant-survey-to-primary-care-physicians-in-25-european-countries
#6
Hakan Yaman
I read with great interest the study of Petrazzuoli et al. (2017) on exploring dementia management attitudes in primary care. The authors made a laudable effort to evaluate this important issue, which certainly needs timely attention. The high response rate from 25 member countries of the European General Practice Research Network is astonishing.
January 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295719/effectiveness-of-multicomponent-interventions-on-incidence-of-delirium-in-hospitalized-older-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review
#7
Tarandeep Oberai, Kate Laver, Maria Crotty, Maggie Killington, Ruurd Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Delirium is the most frequent complication among the hospitalized elderly with hip fracture. Although, delirium is associated with longer hospital stay, higher mortality rates, worse functional outcomes, and higher institutionalization rates yet health service planners have hugely ignored its existence. This review aims to identify the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions to prevent delirium in hospitalized elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: This review includes experimental, non-experimental, and observational studies...
January 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249209/passive-smoking-as-a-risk-factor-for-dementia-and-cognitive-impairment-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#8
Lucy E Stirland, Chris I O'Shea, Tom C Russ
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a well-established risk factor for dementia, but the effects of passive smoking are unclear. We aimed to examine links between passive smoking and dementia or cognitive impairment. METHODS: We searched seven medical research databases: MEDLINE, Web of Science (Core Collection), Cochrane, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus, and CINAHL Plus. Studies were included if they examined measures of passive smoking and either cognitive impairment or dementia...
December 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249208/suicide-risk-of-old-adults-with-special-reference-to-aging
#9
Tomoyuki Kawada
Koo et al. (2017) compared differences in sociodemographic variables, recent life events, and mental and physical illnesses between three age groups (65-74 years, 75-84 years, and 85 years and over) who died by suicide. Psychiatric problems, suicidal behavior, legal and financial stressors, and relationship problems decreased with age. In contrast, physical conditions and bereavement increased with age. Suicide rates were increasing with age for males, but not for females. In addition, significant differences in the prevalence of potential risk factors within the three different age groups existed...
December 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249205/attention-vigilance-and-visuospatial-function-in-hospitalized-elderly-medical-patients-relationship-to-delirium-syndromal-status-and-motor-subtype-profile
#10
Cara Daly, Maeve Leonard, Henry O'Connell, Olugbenga Williams, Fahad Awan, Chris Exton, Margaret O'Connor, Dimitrios Adamis, Colum P Dunne, Walter Cullen, David J Meagher
BACKGROUND: The early and effective detection of neurocognitive disorders poses a key diagnostic challenge. We examined performance on common cognitive bedside tests according to differing delirium syndromal status and clinical (motor) subtypes in hospitalized elderly medical inpatients. METHODS: A battery of nine bedside cognitive tests was performed on elderly medical inpatients with DSM-IV delirium, subsyndromal delirium (SSD), and no delirium (ND). Patients with delirium were compared according to clinical (motor) subtypes...
December 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239283/effects-of-stress-on-emotional-memory-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-in-healthy-elderly
#11
María Gómez-Gallego, Juan Gómez-García
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at examining the relation between stress markers (cortisol levels and state anxiety) with memory for emotional information in AD patients and in healthy elderly. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Baseline and changes in stress markers during memory testing were assessed in a sample of 98 elderly (46 mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease patients and 52 controls) recruited from dementia day centers and adult day centers, respectively. MEASUREMENTS: Salivary cortisol, state anxiety, and measures of immediate recall and delayed recognition using the International Affective Pictures System...
December 14, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235432/impact-of-informal-caregiving-on-cognitive-function-and-well-being-in-canada
#12
Sasha Mallya, Alexandra J Fiocco
BACKGROUND: With a rise in the aging population and a consequential rise in persons diagnosed with dementia comes an increase in the number of informal caregivers who are caring for a loved one. The objective of the proposed study was to assess the neurocognitive and psychological effects of caring for a person with dementia or a related neurodegenerative disease in a sample of Canadian informal caregivers. METHODS: Fifty-seven informal caregivers of a person with dementia or a related neurodegenerative disease (mean age = 66...
December 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235430/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-delirium-diagnosis-in-patients-followed-in-general-practices-in-germany
#13
Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence and risk factors of documented delirium in general practices in Germany. METHODS: The present study includes 2,194 patients over the age of 65 years with delirium and 2,194 controls without delirium from a sample of 6,180,042 patients from 1,262 general practices. Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted with delirium as a dependent variable and other disorders and drugs as potential predictors...
December 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235429/evolution-and-future-directions-for-the-concept-of-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Stina Saunders, Karen Ritchie, Tom C Russ, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Craig W Ritchie
The term mild cognitive impairment has been associated with a varying degree of clinical utility and controversy. The concept has been introduced to try and define a pre-dementia period associated with underlying neurodegenerative pathology and a higher likelihood of the person developing a dementia syndrome. As scientific understanding improves then the definition of MCI rightly adapts, meaning that the MCI concept is prone quite rightly to frequent evolution. We consider that we are a long way away from the concept having evolved to a point where it can be embedded with confidence in clinical practice as a diagnosis but should remain as a term primarily for use in research...
December 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229012/mixed-methods-quantitative-qualitative-study-of-29-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-in-rural-southern-italy-focus-on-positive-psychological-traits
#15
Anna Scelzo, Salvatore Di Somma, Paola Antonini, Lori P Montross, Nicholas Schork, David Brenner, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: This was a study of positive psychological traits in a group of rural Italians aged 90 to 101 years, and their children or other family members. DESIGN: Mixed-methods quantitative (standardized rating scales) and qualitative (semi-structured interviews) study. SETTING: Study participants' homes in nine villages in the Cilento region of southern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine nonagenarians and centenarians and 51 family members aged 51-75 years, selected by their general practitioners as a part of a larger study called CIAO (Cilento Initiative on Aging Outcomes)...
December 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#16
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223191/iterating-a-framework-for-the-prevention-of-caregiver-depression-in-dementia-a-multi-method-approach
#17
Jiangbo Ying, Philip Yap, Mihir Gandhi, Tau Ming Liew
BACKGROUND: Dementia caregiving is often stressful and depression in family caregivers is not uncommon. As caregiver depression can have significant effects, there is a need for preventive efforts which are consistent with the extensive literature. We sought to consolidate the wide range of evidence (using a multi-method approach) into a simple framework that can guide the prevention of caregiver depression. METHODS: Using multiple logistic regression, we derived the predictors of caregiver depression from an empirical dataset containing key information and depression scores (based on the Center-for-Epidemiological-Studies-Depression-Scale) of 394 family caregivers...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223190/educational-effects-on-ascertain-dementia-8-item-informant-questionnaire-to-detect-dementia-in-the-taiwanese-population
#18
Sz-Fan Chen, Ming-Hsiung Liu, Nai-Ching Chen, Horng-Dean Horng, Wen-Lung Tsao, Chiung-Chih Chang, Ya-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND: Dementia screening is a public health priority in Taiwan, where the prevalence of dementia is increasing because of an aging population. However, the reasons affect community-dwelling people to accept a referral to memory specialist clinic after dementia screening was still unclear. To investigate the feasibility, acceptability, sensitivity, and specificity of the ascertain dementia 8-item informant questionnaire (AD8) to screen for patients with cognitive impairments in Taiwan's primary healthcare system...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223185/aiding-medical-professionals-in-fitness-to-drive-screenings-for-elderly-drivers-development-of-an-office-based-screening-tool
#19
Judith H J Urlings, Ariane Cuenen, Tom Brijs, Mark Lutin, Ellen M M Jongen
BACKGROUND: Elderly drivers are an increasing group in society. Previous research has found that functional and cognitive abilities are more important for driving abilities than biological age. In an attempt to conserve independent mobility for elderly drivers, many researchers have focused on elderly drivers diagnosed with cognitive decline (mild cognitive impairment or mild Dementia). This study is the first to focus on elderly drivers with cognitive complaints or suspected of diminished fitness to drive by an (in)formal caregiver as an at-risk group...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223184/older-marijuana-users-marijuana-risk-perceptions-associations-with-marijuana-use-patterns-and-marijuana-and-other-substance-use-disorders
#20
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Compared to their non-using age peers, older marijuana users are known to have lower marijuana risk perceptions. We examined associations of older marijuana users' risk perceptions with their marijuana use patterns and substance use disorders. METHODS: Data are from 2013 to 2015 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 24,057 respondents aged 50+ years). Bivariate logistic regression was used to compare risk perceptions among never users, former users, and past-year users aged 50+ years...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
journal
journal
30455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"