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International Psychogeriatrics

Young Sun Kim, T Greg Rhee, Hee Yun Lee, Byung Hyun Park, Monica L Sharratt
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests that mental health literacy is positively associated with mental health services utilization. Despite an aging population that faces significant mental health concerns in Korea, the role of mental health literacy on mental health services utilization is not known among older adults in Korea. This study aimed to (1) identify whether mental health literacy mediates the association between population characteristics and mental health services utilization and (2) identify an optimal path model for mental health services utilization among Korean older adults...
October 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Adam Simning, Kelsey V Simons
BACKGROUND: Depression in nursing facilities is widespread and has been historically under-recognized and inadequately treated. Many interventions have targeted depression among residents with dementia in these settings. Less is known about depression treatment in residents without dementia who may be more likely to return to community living. Our study aimed to systematically evaluate randomized control trials (RCTs) in nursing facilities that targeted depression within samples largely comprised of residents without dementia...
October 19, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Catherine Grotz, Xavier Seron, Marie Van Wissen, Stéphane Adam
BACKGROUND: While some tools have been developed to estimate an individual's cognitive reserve (CR), no study has assessed the adequacy of the method used for assessing these CR proxy indicators. Therefore, we aimed to determine the most appropriate method to estimate CR by comparing two approaches: (1) the common assessment of CR proxies in the literature (e.g. years of education) and (2) the calculation of a comprehensive index based on most significant parameters used in the estimation of CR...
October 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Nancy A Hodgson
The review by Bird and colleagues (2016), published in this issue of International Psychogeriatrics, is notable for jointly examining the effect of dementia care interventions on both staff and resident quality outcomes. This is an important contribution to improving dementia care because it recognizes the dynamic and dyadic relationship between residents and their caregivers in residential settings. While evidence exists on the dyadic effect of family caregiver intervention on dementia patient outcomes (Gitlin and Hodgson, 2015), less attention has been given to formal caregivers in institutional settings (Dellefield et al...
October 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
A Vince, C Clarke, E L Wolverson
BACKGROUND: Literature indicates that people's experiences of receiving a diagnosis of dementia can have a lasting impact on well-being. Psychiatrists frequently lead in communicating a diagnosis but little is known about the factors that could contribute to potential disparities between actual and best practice with regard to diagnostic disclosure. A clearer understanding of psychiatrists' subjective experiences of disclosure is therefore needed to improve adherence to best practice guidelines and ensure that diagnostic disclosure facilitates living well with dementia...
October 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Hiroko H Dodge, Jian Zhu, Tiffany F Hughes, Beth E Snitz, Chung-Chou H Chang, Erin P Jacobsen, Mary Ganguli
BACKGROUND: In many developed countries, cognitive functioning (as measured by neuropsychological tests) appears to be improving over time in the population at large, in parallel with the declining age-specific incidence of dementia. Here, we investigated cohort effects in the age-associated trajectories of verbal memory function in older adults. We sought to determine whether they varied by decade of birth and, if so, whether the change would be explained by increasing educational attainment...
October 11, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Sarah L Aghjayan, Rachel F Buckley, Patrizia Vannini, Dorene M Rentz, Jonathan D Jackson, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Rebecca E Amariglio
BACKGROUND: Converging evidence suggests that subjective cognitive concerns (SCC) are associated with biomarker evidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) prior to objective clinical impairment. However, the sensitivity of SCC reports in early AD may be biased by demographic factors. Here, we sought to investigate whether age, education, and sex influence the relationship between SCC and amyloid (Aβ) burden. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we examined 252 clinically normal (CN) individuals (57...
October 11, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Matthew E Peters
Approximately 39 million older adults (age >65) were evaluated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in United States emergency departments during the 2-year period from 2009 to 2010, representing a 61% increase in estimates from prior years (Albrecht et al., 2015a). Across the lifespan, an estimated 5.3 million Americans are living with a TBI-related disability (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2003). With improved recognition and management, more individuals experiencing TBI are surviving to die of other causes later in life (Flanagan et al...
October 11, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Marcela Moreira Lima Nogueira, Jose Pedro Simões Neto, Maria Fernanda B Sousa, Raquel L Santos, Isabel Barbeito Lacerda, Maria Alice Tourinho Baptista, Marcia Cristina Nascimento Dourado
INTRODUCTION: The onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects couples' relationship. We investigated the perception of change and sexual satisfaction in spouse-caregivers and their partners diagnosed with AD. METHODS: We compared 74 dyads of people with Alzheimer's disease (PwAD)/spouse-caregivers and 21 elderly dyads control. We assessed sexual satisfaction with Questionnaire on Sexual Experience and Satisfaction (QSES), cognition using a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), disease severity using a Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR), awareness of disease with Assessment Scale of Psychosocial Impact of the Diagnosis of Dementia (ASPIDD), functionality with Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ), depressive symptoms with Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD), quality of life using a Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (QoL-AD), and burden using a Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI)...
October 10, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Jürgen Rehm, Jakob Manthey
Taylor et al. (2014) raise an important issue concerning the detection of alcohol problems in older adults. The authors identify a number of age-related factors playing a role in the detection of alcohol problems, such as stigma, the concept of alcohol use disorder diagnoses and their standardized assessment, and drinking levels. They list a comprehensive review of tools for assessing alcohol problems among older adults, including laboratory tests, questionnaires, and interviews.
October 10, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Champa Ranasinghe, Aisling Fleury, Nancye M Peel, Ruth E Hubbard
BACKGROUND: A consequence of pressure on hospitals to accommodate care needs of older patients is "boarding" or out-lying from their home ward. This may have greater adverse effects on older inpatients who are frail. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study was conducted in an outer metropolitan general hospital. Randomly selected patients hospitalized between July 2012 and June 2013 under the care of an Older Person Evaluation Review and Assessment (OPERA) team (n = 300) were age and sex matched with patients under the care of general physicians (n = 300)...
October 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Michelle L Pleasant, Victor Molinari, John V Hobday, Sam Fazio, Nancy Cullen, Kathryn Hyer
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the state of Oregon established Oregon Care Partners to provide high quality, free training to all dementia caregivers. This study evaluated participants' changes in knowledge, sense of competency in dementia caregiving, and ability to identify person-centered caregiving techniques after completing CARES® Dementia Basics online program, one of the educational resources available through this initiative. METHODS: A convenience sample of informal and formal caregivers (N = 51) provided data at three points in time; pre-test, post-test, and a follow-up test after an additional 30-day period to determine sustained changes in knowledge, sense of competency, and person-centered care...
October 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Morag E Taylor, Stephen R Lord, Henry Brodaty, Susan E Kurrle, Sarah Hamilton, Elisabeth Ramsay, Lyndell Webster, Narelle L Payne, Jacqueline C T Close
BACKGROUND: Older people with dementia are at increased risk of physical decline and falls. Balance and mood are significant predictors of falls in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a tailored home-based exercise program in community-dwelling older people with dementia. METHODS: Forty-two participants with mild to moderate dementia were recruited from routine health services. All participants were offered a six-month home-based, carer-enhanced, progressive, and individually tailored exercise program...
October 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Mona Diegelmann, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Katrin Classen, Klaus Hauer
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent in nursing home (NH) residents. The relationship between depressive symptoms and everyday competence in terms of basic (BaCo) and expanded everyday competence (ExCo; see Baltes et al., 2001) in the NH setting is, however, not clear. Applying Lewinsohn's depression model, we examined how residents' BaCo and ExCo relate to their depressive symptoms. Furthermore, we investigated the mediating role of perceived control. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 196 residents (M age = 83...
September 29, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Jordi A Matias-Guiu, Ana Cortés-Martínez, Maria Valles-Salgado, Teresa Rognoni, Marta Fernández-Matarrubia, Teresa Moreno-Ramos, Jorge Matías-Guiu
BACKGROUND: Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III) is a screening test that was recently validated for diagnosing dementia. Since it assesses attention, language, memory, fluency, and visuospatial function separately, it may also be useful for general neuropsychological assessments. The aim of this study was to analyze the tool's ability to detect early stages of Alzheimer's disease and to examine the correlation between ACE-III scores and scores on standardized neuropsychological tests...
September 29, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Joseph E Gaugler, Eric Jutkowitz, Tetyana P Shippee, Michelle Brasure
BACKGROUND: There are many systematic reviews and meta-analyses (SRs) of interventions for family caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia. A challenge when synthesizing the efficacy of dementia caregiver interventions is the potential discrepancy in how they are categorized. The objective of this study was to systematically examine inconsistencies in how dementia caregiver interventions are classified. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline®, Ovid PsycINFO®, Ovid Embase®, and the Cochrane Library to identify previous SRs published and indexed in bibliographic databases through January 2015...
September 27, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Ana Hategan, James A Bourgeois, Jeremy Goldberg
From 1943, when Leo Kanner originally described autism, and to the first objective criteria for "infantile autism" in DSM-III and the inclusion of Asperger's disorder in DSM-IV, the subsequent classification scheme for autistic disorders has led to a substantial change with the 2013 issuance of the DSM-5 by including subcategories into one umbrella diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (Baker, 2013). ASD is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by social and communication impairments and restricted, stereotypical patterns of behavior (Baker, 2013)...
September 27, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Claire Dickinson, Johanne Dow, Grant Gibson, Louise Hayes, Shannon Robalino, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial interventions for carers of people with dementia are increasingly recognized as playing an important role in dementia care. We aim to systematically review the evidence from existing systematic reviews of psychosocial interventions for informal carers of people with dementia. METHODS: Thirty-one systematic reviews were identified; following quality appraisal, data from 13 reviews, rated as high or moderate quality, were extracted. RESULTS: Well-designed, clearly structured multi-component interventions can help maintain the psychological health of carers of people with dementia and delay institutionalization of the latter...
September 26, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Rosalie H Wang, Aishwarya Sudhama, Momotaz Begum, Rajibul Huq, Alex Mihailidis
BACKGROUND: Robots have the potential to both enable older adults with dementia to perform daily activities with greater independence, and provide support to caregivers. This study explored perspectives of older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers on robots that provide stepwise prompting to complete activities in the home. METHODS: Ten dyads participated: Older adults with mild-to-moderate AD and difficulty completing activity steps, and their family caregivers...
September 23, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Olivia Nirmalasari, Sara K Mamo, Carrie L Nieman, Allison Simpson, Jessica Zimmerman, Milap A Nowrangi, Frank R Lin, Esther S Oh
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss can impair effective communication between caregivers and individuals with cognitive impairment. However, hearing loss is not often measured or addressed in care plans for these individuals. The aim of this study is to measure the prevalence of hearing loss and the utilization of hearing aids in a sample of individuals with cognitive impairment in a tertiary care memory clinic. METHODS: A retrospective review of 133 charts of individuals >50 years who underwent hearing assessment at a tertiary care memory clinic over a 12-month period (June 2014-June 2015) was undertaken...
September 22, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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