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International Journal of STD & AIDS

Sarah Cavilla, Daniel Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Leandro Mena, Richard A Crosby, Angelica Geter
This study determined whether a novel (single-item) measure of poverty is associated with elevated sexual risk among young Black men who have sex with men who reside in a US city with high HIV seroprevalence. A convenience sample of 600 Black men who have sex with men (ages 16-29) completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The questionnaire included an item asking men, 'In the past 12 months have you missed meals because you did not have enough money to eat?' Selected measures of sexual risk and prevalence of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV were assessed as outcomes of this novel measure of poverty...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Henna Budhwani, Bulent Turan, Julia Hasbun, Santo Rosario, Louise Tillotson, Elaine McGlaughlin, John Waters
Transgender women are a high-risk population, and transgender female sex workers are one of the most vulnerable populations globally. Transgender female sex workers have high rates of sexually transmitted infections, HIV, and exposure to violence compared to cisgender sex workers; these negative exposures are associated with an increase in HIV risk behaviors. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine the relationship between exposure to violence and condom non-use in transgender female sex workers residing in the Dominican Republic...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Christopher Rowe, Tim Matheson, Moupali Das, Erin DeMicco, Jeffrey H Herbst, Phillip O Coffin, Glenn-Milo Santos
Men who have sex with men are disproportionately impacted by HIV and substance use is a key driver of HIV risk and transmission among this population. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3242 HIV-negative substance-using men who have sex with men aged 18 + in the San Francisco Bay Area from March 2009 to May 2012. Demographic characteristics and sexual risk and substance use behaviors in the last six months were collected using structured telephone questionnaires. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify independent demographic and behavioral predictors of recent HIV testing...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Levy Muchemwa, Lakhi Shabir, Ben Andrews, Mwango Bwalya
Tuberculosis is recognised as one of the leading causes of severe sepsis among HIV-infected patients. Most patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteraemia have advanced HIV disease with CD4 counts less than 100 cells/μl and its presentation is non-specific in most instances. This was a cross-sectional study which was done by analyzing data from 201 adult HIV-infected patients who met the inclusion criteria for severe sepsis. The prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bactraemia in the study population was 34...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Catherine Godfrey, Cynthia S Firnhaber, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Isabelle Heard
Anal cancer may be an emerging clinical problem in HIV-infected women particularly in resource-limited settings. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a precursor to anal cancer and is prevalent in HIV-infected women, but the natural history of HPV infection and anal cancer precursors is not well described in this population. It is not known which specific dysplastic lesions in the anus are most likely to progress, and whether treatment of high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion reduces the incidence of anal cancer in women...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Raymond Vet, John Bf de Wit, Enny Das
This systematic review identified and synthesised evidence from published research regarding personal and environmental factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination uptake among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in low prevalence, high-income countries. A systematic literature search identified 18 eligible papers that addressed factors potentially associated with HBV vaccination uptake among MSM, of which 16 reported research conducted in the US. Studies assessed possible associations between HBV vaccination among MSM and socio-demographic characteristics, behavioural and social-cognitive factors and indicators of health service access...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Souradet Y Shaw, Deborah L Nowicki, Erin Schillberg, Christopher G Green, Craig P Ross, Joss Reimer, Pierre J Plourde, Lawrence J Elliott
Population attributable fractions help to convey public health significance of differential disease risk for chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Geographical residence serves as a useful proxy for complex processes creating ill health. Using population-based data, Poisson regression models were used to examine factors associated with chlamydia and gonorrhoea incidence. Population attributable fractions due to residency in the Winnipeg Health Region's inner-core were determined for chlamydia/gonorrhoea infections among 15-59-year olds (2005-2013), stratified by age group...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Sian Warren, Andrew Freedman, Nicola Lomax, Adam Christian
A 36-year-old Caucasian homosexual man was found to have HIV infection on routine screening. He had an eight-year history of chronic diarrhoea, which pre-dated the HIV diagnosis and did not improve after the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy. After referral to the Gastroenterology department, he underwent fibreoptic colonoscopy. Colonic biopsies revealed the presence of intestinal spirochaetosis. He received a two-week course of metronidazole, which led to complete resolution of his diarrhoea...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Corinna Sadlier, Keeva Madden, Sean O'Gorman, Brendan Crowley, Colm Bergin
The Hepatitis B vaccine is highly effective for the prevention of hepatitis B (HBV) infection. We report the development of chronic HBV infection (Genotype F) in a vaccinated immunocompetent individual with an anti-HBsAb of 35 mIU/mL post completion of vaccine series. HBV vaccine is based on recombinant proteins of genotype-A and D (predominant genotypes in Europe). It may not be as effective for the prevention of more genetically diverse viruses such as genotype F (predominant genotype in Central and South America)...
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Stefanie Sammet, Rika Draenert
Lues maligna is a rare presentation of an infection with Treponema pallidum. Here we report three lues maligna infections with severe dermatological manifestations in a single HIV-1 infected individual. Despite the start of highly active antiretroviral therapy and a substantial increase in CD4 cell count after the first episode, he developed consecutive episodes. We assume a specific immunological predisposition to react to T. pallidum in this patient.
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Margaret P Kasaro, Marla J Husnik, Benjamin H Chi, Cheri Reid, Tsitsi Magure, Bonus Makanani, Tchangani Tembo, Gita Ramjee, Lisa Maslankowski, Lorna Rabe, M Brad Guffey
The objective of this study was to describe the impact of intense counseling to reduce vaginal hygiene practices and its effect on bacterial vaginosis. A secondary data analysis of the HIV Prevention Trials Network 035 study was undertaken, focusing on HIV-negative, nonpregnant women who were at least 18 years old, in seven African sites and one US site. At enrollment and during follow-up quarterly visits, vaginal hygiene practices were determined by face-to-face administration of a behavioral assessment questionnaire...
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Ivo K Joore, Sanne Lc van Roosmalen, Jan Eam van Bergen, Nynke van Dijk
European guidelines recommend offering an HIV test to individuals who display HIV indicator conditions (ICs). UK guidelines recommend performing a 'routine offer of HIV testing' in primary care where HIV prevalence exceeds 2 in 1000. Implementation of new provider-initiated HIV testing strategies in general practice is limited, while the numbers of undiagnosed and late for care HIV patients remain high. We have explored Dutch general practitioners' barriers to and facilitators of both strategies. We combined semi-structured in-depth interviews with focus groups...
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Angelica Geter
In the United States, young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) bear the single largest burden of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Whether HIV-positive men in this population practice relatively safer sex than their HIV negative counterparts has not been recently investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare selected sexual risk behaviors between YBMSM who are HIV-positive to their HIV-negative counterparts of the same geographic location in the southern US. A convenience sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview in a private area of a clinic dedicated to sexual health...
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Christine T Rael, Alissa Davis
Little is known about the mental health of female sex workers and women living with HIV/AIDS in the Dominican Republic, which impedes HIV prevention, testing, and treatment. This project estimates the prevalence of depression and identifies key contributing factors to this outcome in female sex workers, women living with HIV/AIDS, and a comparison group. Participants were female sex workers (N = 349), women living with HIV/AIDS (N = 213), and a comparison group of HIV-negative women who were not sex workers (N = 314) from the Dominican Republic...
April 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Patrice Grech, Rebecca Marchant, Mannampallil Samuel
Sexual health policy remains focussed on younger adults. However, rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in older people continue to increase. We explored the sexual healthcare needs of women aged 40 and over attending an integrated sexual health clinic in South London. We conducted a retrospective case note review and found that almost 20% of these women had STIs. These included genital herpes, trichomoniasis, genital warts, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Less than a quarter of women reported use of condoms during most recent sexual contact, indicating sexual risk-taking behaviour...
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Josef Wagner, Sarah Kerry-Barnard, S T Sadiq, Pippa Oakeshott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Pedro D Oliveira, Rebeca F de Carvalho, Achiléa L Bittencourt
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is caused by the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) which is endemic in countries of Caribbean and Central and South America. We performed a systematic search and review to identify publications on ATL in these countries to verify if this disease was getting recognition in these regions as well as the characteristics of the observed cases. The median age of 49.4 years was lower than that referred to in Japan. According to our findings in most Brazilian states and in some other countries, ATL is not being recognized and should be strongly considered in the differential diagnosis of T-cell leukemias/lymphomas...
March 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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