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International Journal of STD & AIDS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632112/the-2016-european-guideline-on-the-management-of-epididymo-orchitis
#1
Emma J Street, Edwin D Justice, Zsolt Kopa, Mags D Portman, Jonathan D Ross, Mihael Skerlev, Janet D Wilson, Rajul Patel
Epididymo-orchitis is a commonly encountered condition with a reported incidence of 2.45 cases per 1000 men in the United Kingdom. This 2016 International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections guideline provides up-to-date advice on the management of this condition. It describes the aetiology, clinical features and potential complications, as well as presenting diagnostic considerations and clear recommendations for management and follow-up. Early diagnosis and management are essential, as serious complications can include abscess formation, testicular infarction and infertility...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632111/herpes-neolabialis-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-infection-of-the-neolabia-in-a-transgender-woman
#2
Lian Elfering, Wouter B van der Sluis, Joline F Mermans, Marlon E Buncamper
A 24-year-old transgender woman consulted our outpatient clinic with a painful, itchy and red left labia. She underwent a penile inversion vaginoplasty 18 months before presentation. At physical examination of the left labia, erythema, edema and herpetic vesicles with ulceration were observed. A vesicle fluid swab was obtained and the presence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was detected by PCR assay. Treatment consisted of oral valaciclovir (500 mg twice daily) for a total of five days.Topically-applied lidocaine cream (3%) was used for pain management...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632110/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632109/successful-treatment-of-sexually-acquired-acute-hcv-reinfection-with-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-a-hiv-infected-patient
#4
Salvatore Sollima, Spinello Antinori, Alessandro Torre, Francesca Binda, Andrea Giacomelli, Laura Milazzo
Here we describe the case of a HIV-positive patient with acute hepatitis C virus reinfection, who was successfully treated with an interferon-free regimen of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir.
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733706/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-hiv-treatment-adherence-self-efficacy-scale-in-mainland-china
#5
Liang Sun, Shu-Min Yang, Hui Wu, Bing Chen, Chong-Jian Wang, Xiao-Fang Li
The aim of this study was to translate the HIV Treatment Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale (HIV-ASES) and evaluate its reliability and validity in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in mainland China. The original HIV-ASES was translated from English into Chinese and adapted for cultural context according to cross-cultural adaptation guidelines. A cross-sectional survey investigating 1742 PLWHIV receiving antiretroviral treatment was conducted. Exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation confirmed the presence of two factors with an accumulated contribution rate of 58...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707954/late-hiv-presentation-missed-opportunities-and-factors-associated-with-a-changing-pattern-over-time
#6
Sarah O'Connell, Julia Enkelmann, Corinna Sadlier, Colm Bergin
Delayed diagnosis of HIV infection has negative clinical, economic and public health implications. The study primary aim was to identify factors associated with late HIV presentation (Late Presenters [LPS], CD4 cell count < 350 cells/mm(3)). A secondary aim was to identify changing trends of late HIV presentation from 2002 to 2014 at our centre. A retrospective cohort study was performed. Demographic data and CD4 cell count of new HIV diagnoses presenting to our ambulatory HIV service over four time-periods from 2002 to 2014 were recorded...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707952/examining-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-rates-between-2010-and-2015-a-population-based-observational-study
#7
R Somayaji, C Naugler, M Guo, D Church
Bacterial sexually transmitted infections including Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae remain an important public health concern. We aimed to assess the population-based incidence of C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae in an age-standardized cohort over time. A retrospective study of a large Canadian health region was undertaken between 2010 and 2015 using linked census and digital laboratory data. C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae tests were linked to patient data. Sex and age-standardized incidence rates (IR) and ratios (IRR) were calculated for cases and testing rates...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663269/how-does-specialist-nursing-contribute-to-hiv-service-delivery-across-england
#8
Hilary Piercy, Gill Bell, Charlie Hughes, Simone Naylor, Christine A Bowman
This study aimed to examine what specialist nursing contributes to HIV service delivery across England and how it could be optimised. A three part multi-method qualitative study was undertaken, involving (1) interviews with 19 stakeholders representing professional or service user groups; (2) interviews with nurse/physician pairs from 21 HIV services; and (3) case studies involving site visits to five services. A framework analysis approach was used to manage and analyse the data. There was substantial variability in specialist nursing roles and the extent of role development...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651351/trends-in-one-year-cumulative-incidence-of-death-between-2005-and-2013-among-patients-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-in-uganda
#9
Lisa M Bebell, Mark J Siedner, Nicholas Musinguzi, Yap Boum, Bosco M Bwana, Winnie Muyindike, Peter W Hunt, Jeffrey N Martin, David R Bangsberg
Recent ecological data demonstrate improving outcomes for HIV-infected people in sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, Uganda has experienced a resurgence in HIV incidence and prevalence, but trends in HIV-related deaths have not been well described. Data were collected through the Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes (UARTO) Study, an observational longitudinal cohort of Ugandan adults initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) between 2005 and 2013. We calculated cumulative incidence of death within one year of ART initiation, and fit Poisson models with robust variance estimators to estimate the effect enrollment period on one-year risk of death and loss to follow-up...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590913/health-facility-factors-and-quality-of-services-to-prevent-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-kenya-and-mozambique
#10
Alison S Rustagi, Sarah Gimbel, Ruth Nduati, Maria de Fatima Cuembelo, Judith N Wasserheit, Carey Farquhar, Stephen Gloyd, Kenneth Sherr
This study aimed to identify facility-level characteristics associated with prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission service quality. This cross-sectional study sampled 60 health facilities in Mozambique, Côte d'Ivoire, and Kenya (20 per country). Performance score - the proportion of pregnant women tested for HIV in first antenatal care visit, multiplied by the proportion of HIV-positive pregnant women who received appropriate antiretroviral medications - was calculated for each facility using routine data from 2012 to 2013...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587601/co-administration-of-elvitegravir-cobicistat-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-emtricitabine-and-atazanavir-in-treatment-experienced-hiv-patients
#11
M Biagi, M E Badowski, T Chiampas, J Young, M Patel, P Vaughn
We report the use of elvitegravir 150 mg/cobicistat 150 mg/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg/emtricitabine 200 mg (EVG/COBI/TDF/FTC) once daily, in addition to once-daily atazanavir (ATV) 300 mg, in treatment-experienced patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Due to limited data available on the co-administration of these agents, our objective was to evaluate and monitor safety and efficacy of this regimen in patients who developed resistance or intolerance to conventional antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582307/herpes-simplex-virus-to-disclose-or-not-to-disclose-an-exploration-of-the-multi-disciplinary-team-s-role-in-advising-patients-about-disclosure-when-diagnosed-with-genital-herpes-simplex-virus
#12
Pauline Caulfield, Diane Willis
The first UK prosecution for genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) transmission in 2011 attracted strong criticism from medical experts. To address the dearth of research on the topic, this study aimed to explore the nature of advice given to patients by the multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the West of Scotland on HSV disclosure to partners. Ten semi-structured interviews with members of the MDT were conducted and the interviews were analysed using Burnard's Thematic Content Analysis. Four themes emerged which explored practitioners' knowledge of HSV and their feelings regarding the emotional aspects of the diagnosis on clients including the challenges of discussing disclosure...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582306/sexually-transmitted-infections-other-than-hiv-aids-among-women-of-low-socio-economic-class-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-khartoum-sudan
#13
Nada A Abdelrahim, Hiba I Ahmed, Imad M Fadl-Elmula, Magdi A Bayoumi, Mamoun M Homeida
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are major health threats affecting people globally; however, the burden of STIs is greatest in low-income countries. Since they are physiologically more vulnerable, women are mostly affected. The risk is increased dramatically during pregnancy leading to serious health complications that may affect the newborn. Underprivileged pregnant women attending antenatal clinics for routine checkups in displaced camps, a women's prison and several peripheral health centres were clinically and laboratory screened for trichomoniasis, chlamydial infections, gonorrhea and syphilis...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572929/predicting-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-pregnant-women-in-guyana-utility-of-the-health-belief-model
#14
Deborah Vitalis
Barriers to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among pregnant women are varied and complex. This study explored the constructs of a theoretical model, the Health Belief Model (HBM) to understand and predict ART adherence among pregnant women in Guyana. A cross-sectional study surveyed 108 pregnant women attending 11 primary care clinics. ART adherence ranging from the past weekend to three months was assessed through self-reports, and health beliefs with the Adherence Determinants Questionnaire (ADQ). Constructs with sufficient variation in responses were tested for association with the level of adherence using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and test...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558163/urethral-inflammatory-response-to-ureaplasma-is-significantly-lower-than-to-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-chlamydia-trachomatis
#15
Harald Moi, Nils Reinton, Ivana Randjelovic, Elina J Reponen, Line Syvertsen, Amir Moghaddam
A non-syndromic approach to treatment of people with non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) requires identification of pathogens and understanding of the role of those pathogens in causing disease. The most commonly detected and isolated micro-organisms in the male urethral tract are bacteria belonging to the family of Mycoplasmataceae, in particular Ureaplasma urealyticum and Ureaplasma parvum. To better understand the role of these Ureaplasma species in NGU, we have performed a prospective analysis of male patients voluntarily attending a drop in STI clinic in Oslo...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470128/pseudoepitheliomatous-hyperplasia-causing-a-painful-plaque-in-a-hiv-infected-female
#16
Bianca F Parsons, N Ryder
Dermatological conditions are more common and can present atypically, in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals. This case report describes a 22-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-positive Caucasian female who presented with a vulval lesion eight weeks after starting antiretroviral treatment. Clinical examination revealed a 2 cm well-demarcated plaque on the outer aspect of the left labium minus. The lesion was tender, no contact bleeding or ulceration present. She was presumptively treated for chancroid and herpes simplex with 500 mg ceftriaxone IM stat, 1 g azithromycin PO stat, and valacyclovir 500 mg BD for five days...
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361567/corrigendum
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956647/false-negative-syphilis-treponemal-enzyme-immunoassay-results-in-an-hiv-infected-case-patient
#18
Alan R Katz, Alan Y Komeya, Juval E Tomas
We present a case report of a false-negative syphilis treponemal enzyme immunoassay test result in an HIV-infected male. While treponemal tests are widely considered to be more sensitive and specific than non-treponemal tests, our findings point to potential challenges using the reverse sequence syphilis screening algorithm.
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881812/pruritic-nodular-secondary-syphilis-in-a-61-year-old-man-with-hiv-infection
#19
Roger Rovira-López, Marta Bertolín-Colilla, Gemma Martín-Ezquerra, Ramon M Pujol
The typical finding in secondary syphilis stage is a generalized non-pruritic maculopapular eruption. We report a case of secondary syphilis in an HIV-infected patient presenting with pruritic crusted nodules showing numerous eosinophils on the histopathological examination.
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810982/multifocal-neuropathic-arthropathy-in-patient-with-undiagnosed-neurosyphilis-a-case-report
#20
Chang-Wan Kim, Chang-Rack Lee
Although the prevalence of syphilis has decreased significantly, syphilis is still a common cause of neuropathic arthropathy. Tabetic arthropathy means progressive painless joint destruction that is related to neurosensory deficits caused by syphilis. In general, lower limb joints are involved and gradual swelling and instability of the involved joints are observed. Diagnosis of tabetic arthropathy is difficult as its clinical presentation is not specific and differential diagnosis is wide ranging. Hence, diagnosis of tabetic arthropathy requires clinical suspicion and an appropriate serological test...
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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