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International Journal of STD & AIDS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885067/repeat-infection-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-active-duty-u-s-army-personnel-a-population-based-case-series-study
#1
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
Little information is known on the rate of repeat gonorrhea infection among U.S. military personnel. We analyzed all gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012 to determine the rate of repeat infection. During the seven-year study period, 17,602 active duty U.S. Army personnel with a first incident gonorrhea infection were reported. Among the 4987 women with a first gonorrhea infection, 14.4% had at least one repeat infection. Among the 12,615 men with a first gonorrhea infection, 13...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881812/pruritic-nodular-secondary-syphilis-in-a-61-year-old-man-with-hiv-infection
#2
Roger Rovira-López, Marta Bertolín-Colilla, Gemma Martín-Ezquerra, Ramon M Pujol
The typical finding in secondary syphilis stage is a generalized non-pruritic maculopapular eruption. We report a case of secondary syphilis in an HIV-infected patient presenting with pruritic crusted nodules showing numerous eosinophils on the histopathological examination.
November 23, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879430/factors-that-can-influence-feelings-towards-and-interactions-with-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rural-central-kenya
#3
Caroline Kingori, Zelalem T Haile, Peter Ngatia, Ruth Nderitu
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, HIV incidence and prevalence have declined. HIV rates are lower in rural areas than in urban areas. However, HIV infection is reported higher in men in rural areas (4.5%) compared to those in urban areas (3.7%). OBJECTIVES: This study examined HIV knowledge, feelings, and interactions towards HIV-infected from 302 participants in rural Central Kenya. METHODS: Chi square tests and multivariable logistic regression analyzed variables of interest...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872323/rates-of-sexual-history-taking-and-screening-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Alasdair MacRae, Emily Lord, Annabel Forsythe, Jackie Sherrard
A case note audit was undertaken of HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) to ascertain whether national guidelines for taking sexual histories, including recreational drug use and sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening were being met. The notes of 142 HIV-positive men seen in 2015 were available, of whom 85 were MSM. Information was collected regarding sexual history, recreational drug use documentation, sexually transmitted infection screen offer and test results. Seventy-seven (91%) of the MSM had a sexual history documented, of whom 60 (78%) were sexually active...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872322/hiv-care-and-treatment-of-american-indians-alaska-natives-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-27-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2012
#5
Andrew Mitsch, Aruna Surendera Babu, Dean Seneca, Y Omar Whiteside, Donald Warne
The objective of this study was to measure linkage to care, retention in care, and suppressed viral load (VL) among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs) aged ≥13 years with diagnosed HIV infection. We used national HIV case surveillance data to measure linkage to care, defined as ≥1 CD4 or VL test ≤1 month after HIV diagnosis during 2013; retention in care, defined as ≥2 CD4 or VL tests ≥3 months apart during 2012; and suppressed VL, defined as <200 copies/mL at the most recent VL test during 2012...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872321/msm-in-bogot%C3%A3-are-living-with-hiv-for-extended-periods-without-diagnosis-or-treatment
#6
Maria Cecilia Zea, Patricia Olaya, Carol A Reisen, Paul J Poppen
We examined recency of infection in serum samples obtained from 69 newly identified HIV-positive cases in a sample of 1000 men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bogotá. HIV antibody avidity assays were performed using the Architect HIV Ag/AB combo. Avidity indices ranged from 0.62 to 1.22, with a cut-off score below 0.80 indicative of recent infection. Two samples were classified as recent, six fell within the gray zone (0.75 to 0.85), and the remaining 61 were considered established infections. Results provided evidence of widespread, long-term, undiagnosed HIV infection, as well as an estimate of one-year incidence at ...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864473/a-recommendation-for-timing-of-repeat-chlamydia-trachomatis-test-following-infection-and-treatment-in-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women
#7
Gweneth B Lazenby, Jeffrey E Korte, Sarah Tillman, Florence K Brown, David E Soper
The objective of this study was to describe the time required to obtain a negative chlamydia test in pregnant and nonpregnant women following treatment to inform test-of-cure collection and recommend an abstinence period to avoid reinfection. Seventy-two women with Chlamydia trachomatis infection, 36 pregnant and 36 nonpregnant, were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Women were excluded less than 18 years of age, if they had been treated for chlamydia, reported an allergy to macrolide antibiotics, or if they had Myasthenia Gravis...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838636/corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815549/pregnant-women-s-attitudes-about-topical-microbicides-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis-during-pregnancy
#9
Marina Catallozzi, Lauren Dapena Fraiz, Katharine M Hargreaves, Gregory D Zimet, Lawrence R Stanberry, Adam J Ratner, Shari E Gelber, Susan L Rosenthal
We sought to understand pregnant women's product preference and likelihood of use of topical microbicides for bacterial vaginosis (BV) prevention and treatment. Pregnant women (N = 196) in a obstetrics clinic completed a survey between June 2014 and January 2015 about vaginal product use for BV. This cross-sectional study explored product preferences, likelihood of product use for BV management and father of the baby (FOB) involvement. Most participants were under 30 (68%) and underrepresented minorities (47% Hispanic, 21% African-American)...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815548/de%C3%A2-novo-hiv-infection-diagnoses-in-a-department-of-dermatology-and-venereology-in-lisbon-portugal
#10
Pedro Mendes-Bastos, Ana Brasileiro, Eugénia Matos-Pires, Isaura Rodrigues, Cristina Marques, Vasco Coelho-Macias, Cândida Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Portugal has the highest prevalence rate of HIV infection in Western Europe. The proportion of patients with a late diagnosis, carried out in full-blown AIDS stage, remains high. Skin and mucous membrane manifestations are not rare in these patients. OBJECTIVE: A demographic, clinical, and laboratorial characterization of patients with de novo HIV infection diagnosis made in the Department of Dermatology and Venereology of a central hospital in Lisbon, Portugal...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810983/investigating-factors-for-increased-gonorrhoea-re-infection-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-a-genitourinary-clinic-a-qualitative-study
#11
L Payne, D Lawrence, S Soni, C Llewellyn, G Dean
The number of confirmed cases of gonorrhoea increased by one-third in England from 2013 to 2014 and the incidence increased by 32% in men who have sex with men (MSM). In our clinic, annual incidence increased by 28.8% (2013) and re-infection (second infection within one-year of initial infection) rose from 6.7% as a proportion of total infections (2009) to 19.4% (2013). The aim of this study was to explore reasons for repeat gonorrhoea infections among MSM. We interviewed 16 MSM about knowledge and awareness of gonorrhoea, antibiotic resistance and attitudes towards safe sex...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810982/multifocal-neuropathic-arthropathy-in-patient-with-undiagnosed-neurosyphilis-a-case-report
#12
Chang-Wan Kim, Chang-Rack Lee
Although the prevalence of syphilis has decreased significantly, syphilis is still a common cause of neuropathic arthropathy. Tabetic arthropathy means progressive painless joint destruction that is related to neurosensory deficits caused by syphilis. In general, lower limb joints are involved and gradual swelling and instability of the involved joints are observed. Diagnosis of tabetic arthropathy is difficult as its clinical presentation is not specific and differential diagnosis is wide ranging. Hence, diagnosis of tabetic arthropathy requires clinical suspicion and an appropriate serological test...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810981/maternal-syphilis-and-accomplishing-sexual-partner-treatment-still-a-huge-gap
#13
Jessica Dallé, Vanessa Z Baumgarten, Mauro C Ramos, Mirela F Jimenez, Lisiane Acosta, Daniela B Bumaguin, Vicente S Antonello
Congenital syphilis (CS) is a preventable epidemic disease for which control is hindered by socioeconomic and health system issues. Inadequately treated maternal syphilis (MaS) commonly has serious adverse obstetric outcomes. This study - which is a cross-sectional study in a Brazilian large urban public Mother and Child hospital, making use of secondary data - evaluated the occurrence of treatment of sexual partners (SP) among women with MaS. The results showed that 771 MaS cases were identified from 2007 to 2014...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799419/hiv-decline-associated-with-changes-in-risk-behaviours-among-young-key-populations-in-nepal-analysis-of-population-based-hiv-prevalence-surveys-between-2001-and-2012
#14
Keshab Deuba, Anna Mia Ekström, Göran Tomson, Rachana Shrestha, Gaetano Marrone
We assessed changes in HIV prevalence and risk behaviours among young key populations in Nepal. A total of 7505 participants (aged 16-24 years) from key populations who were at increased risk of HIV infection (2767 people who inject drugs (PWID); 852 men who have sex with men/transgender (MSM/TG); 2851 female sex workers (FSW) and 1035 male labour migrants) were recruited randomly over a 12-year period, 2001-2012. Local epidemic zones of Nepal (Kathmandu valley, Pokhara valley, Terai Highway and West to Far West hills) were analysed separately...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789849/cervical-cancer-screening-practices-knowledge-of-screening-and-risk-and-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-lima-peru
#15
Jeanne R Delgado, Luis Menacho, Eddy R Segura, Fernando Roman, Robinson Cabello
Cervical cancer (CC) is the leading cause of cancer death among Peruvian women. Awareness shown by women living with HIV (WLHIV) of their increased risk and Papanicoloau (Pap) smear frequency is understudied, particularly in Peru. We assessed the uptake of guidelines-based CC screening practices and its associations with two predictors, knowledge of CC screening and risk and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence, among WLHIV. Collected by self-administered questionnaires from 2014 to 2016, we analyzed the data of 71 WLHIV...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789848/dolutegravir-50%C3%A2-mg-thrice-weekly-plus-atazanavir-400%C3%A2-mg-daily-in-a-long-term-virologically-suppressed-hiv-infected-patient
#16
Massimiliano Lanzafame, Emanuela Lattuada, Stefano Nicolè, Fabio Rigo, Giulia Cucchetto, Ercole Concia, Sandro Vento
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the natural course of HIV infection. However, the toxicities associated with long-term use of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) have led to the assessment of dual-therapy approaches with less toxicity. Atazanavir and dolutegravir have antiviral potency, tolerability and favourable metabolic profile. In suppressed HIV-infected patients, with NRTIs-related toxicity effects, the association of atazanavir and dolutegravir, favoured by their positive pharmacokinetics interaction, could be used as 'maintenance' antiretroviral therapy...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784828/-don-t-forget-the-children-test-before-it-is-too-late
#17
S Malik, V White, S Sundaram, K Humphreys, R Patel, S Samraj
In 2009, 'Don't forget the children' guideline recommended that all new HIV-positive patients attending adult HIV services should have any existing children identified and tested for HIV alongside a coherent documentation process. A retrospective case note review was performed on 173 HIV-positive women registered at the Royal South Hants adult HIV service until 31 January 2014. Data were assessed as a whole (n = 173) and, in addition, two comparator groups were formulated: (a) pre-guidelines (n = 108) and (b) post-guidelines (n = 65)...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738277/a-rare-presentation-of-plasmablastic-lymphoma-as-cutaneous-nodules-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#18
Selvin Sundar Raj Mani, Thomas Kodiatte, Manjeera Jagannati
Plasmablastic lymphoma is a rare entity accounting for around 2.7% of all AIDS-related lymphomas. The oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract are the most common sites involved. We report a case of a 34-year-old HIV-positive woman with a rare presentation of cutaneous nodules all over the body. Due to overwhelming tumour burden, she developed tumour lysis syndrome during her hospital stay and succumbed to the illness.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733708/integrase-strand-transfer-inhibitor-associated-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-report
#19
Peter S Fong, Devon M Flynn, Christopher D Evans, P Todd Korthuis
Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) have become integral antiretroviral therapy (ART) agents for treating HIV infection. We report the case of a 44-year-old male with a history of hemophilia A who developed diabetes mellitus four months after switching from abacavir, lamivudine, and efavirenz to abacavir, lamivudine, and raltegravir. Hemoglobin A1C normalized without further need for exogenous insulin after raltegravir was switched back to efavirenz. In this case report, we will review a possible mechanism for INSTI-induced hyperglycemia and/or diabetes mellitus...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733707/systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-biological-therapy-for-inflammatory-conditions-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#20
D L Fink, L Hedley, R F Miller
Biologic therapies are injectable immunomodulatory agents directed against specific immune cell or chemical targets. They have transformed the lives of HIV-uninfected individuals with severe inflammatory conditions including psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. The perceived increased infection risk associated with these agents means that HIV-infected individuals have not been included in randomised control trials of these drugs. The literature for use of biologic therapies in HIV-infected populations is limited to case reports and case series...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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