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International Journal of STD & AIDS

Saowarop Hinkan, Jureeporn Chuerduangphui, Tipaya Ekalaksananan, Jiratha Budkaew, Kanisara Proyrungroj, Charinya Pimson, Bandit Chumworathayi, Tanyaporn Hanond, Chamsai Pientong
Chlamydia trachomatis is a common agent of sexually transmitted infection, especially in asymptomatic extra-genital sites among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aims to investigate anatomical site distribution and genotypes of C. trachomatis from asymptomatic MSM in northeast Thailand. Specimens were collected using swabs from anorectal, oropharyngeal, and urethral sites in 346 asymptomatic MSM. C. trachomatis infection was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and genotyping was based on sequences of the ompA gene...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Rami A Ballout, Ismael Maatouk
This is the case of a young man presenting with urethritis despite a negative infectious work-up. Careful history taking elucidated a strong correlation between symptom onset and a recent dose escalation of isotretinoin for treatment of his refractory cystic acne. The urethral symptoms quickly resolved with dose reduction, suggesting urethritis as a rare adverse reaction of isotretinoin.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Bernadette N Ng'eno, Timothy A Kellogg, Andrea A Kim, Anne Mwangi, Mary Mwangi, Joyce Wamicwe, George W Rutherford
Understanding how HIV is acquired can inform interventions to prevent infection. We constructed a risk profile of 10-24 year olds participating in the 2012 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey and classified them as perinatally infected if their biological mother was infected with HIV or had died, or if their father was infected with HIV or had died (for those lacking mother's data). The remaining were classified as sexually infected if they had sex, and the remaining as parenterally infected if they had a blood transfusion...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Matthew Howard, Anthony Hall
Vulval lichen planus-lichen sclerosus overlap is an emerging observation. Few clinical reports exist with no reviews of literature. We present a focused update of this phenomenon and discuss a clinical case. We report a 63-year-old woman with a 20-year history of ulcerative vulvo-vaginitis, initially diagnosed as benign mucous membrane (cicatricial) pemphigoid. This led to prolonged treatment with oral corticosteroids with minimal improvement in symptoms. Subsequent complications of long-term use of systemic corticosteroid ensued...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Mitesh Desai, Olubanke Davies, Anatole Menon-Johansson, Gulshan Cindy Sethi
Specialty trainees in genitourinary medicine (GUM) are required to attain competencies described in the GUM higher specialty training curriculum by the end of their training, but learning opportunities available may conflict with service delivery needs. In response to poor feedback on trainee satisfaction surveys, a four-year modular training programme was developed to achieve a curriculum competencies-based approach to training. We evaluated the clinical opportunities of the new programme to determine: (1) Whether opportunity cost of training to service delivery is justifiable; (2) Which competencies are inadequately addressed by direct clinical opportunities alone and (3) Trainee satisfaction...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Jan Henk Dubbink, Stephan P Verweij, Helen E Struthers, Sander Ouburg, James A McIntyre, Servaas A Morré, Remco Ph Peters
Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae constitute major public health problems among women, but the burden of infection in sub-Saharan Africa is poorly documented. We conducted a structured review of the prevalence and incidence of genital, oral and anal C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae infection in women in sub-Saharan Africa. We searched Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science over a 10-year period for studies on epidemiology of genital, oral and anal chlamydial infection and gonorrhoea in women in all countries of sub-Saharan Africa...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
G Dolan, M Chauhan, K Foster, M Basta, S Bushby, C White, N Q Verlander, R Gorton
This study aimed to identify factors associated with repeat syphilis infection in North East England, in order to inform local prevention and control opportunities. We undertook a case-case study comparing individuals diagnosed with single or multiple episodes of syphilis infection within genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in NE England (12 clinics serving a population of 2.5 million). Study cases were verified as having had true re-infection by a GUM clinician (using serological and/or clinical parameters) and control cases (3 per case) frequency matched to cases by age and year of presentation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Sam Rowlands, Jean-Jacques Amy
Women living with HIV are stigmatized and discriminated against. They often wish to have children, but they are subjected to the practice of forced (involuntary) sterilization in at least 27 countries under the guise of protecting maternal health and preventing the birth of infected infants. Some women are not asked to give consent, or a third party consents on their behalf. Others are given insufficient information or fed misinformation. The circumstances under which such women have been asked to sign consent forms for sterilization include fear, coercion, intimidation, and undue influence...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Admire Chikandiwa, Pedro T Pisa, Matthew F Chersich, Etienne E Muller, Philippe Mayaud, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
Worldwide, 96,000 cases of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) occurred in 2012. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for OPC. Data on oropharyngeal HPV infection are limited. There is no consensus on the best sampling method for detecting the infection. We describe the prevalence of oropharyngeal HPV infection among HIV-infected men and compare the performance of oral rinses and swabs in detecting oropharyngeal HPV infection. Paired oral rinses and swabs for 181 men were tested for HPV DNA using the Roche Linear Array...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Alissa Davis, Dawn Goddard-Eckrich, Anindita Dasgupta, Nabila El-Bassel
The number of women under community supervision in the United States has increased, and this population has a high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We examined STI prevalence and multiple risk factors among drug-involved women under community supervision in New York City. Data were from a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a behavioral HIV/STI intervention (Women on the Road to Health [WORTH]) among drug-involved women in the community corrections system in New York City from 2009 to 2012...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Ji Li, Hong Lai, Shaoguang Chen, Shenghan Lai
Previous studies have demonstrated a link between protease inhibitor (PI)-based therapy and lipid dysregulation. The main objective of this study was to examine whether cocaine use may modify PI-associated dyslipidemia in adults. Between June 2003 and June 2014, 957 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected participants in Baltimore, Maryland were enrolled in a study that investigated HIV/antiretroviral therapy-associated comorbidities. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were fitted to examine the associations between PI therapy and lipid profiles for the pooled sample and cocaine use subgroups, respectively...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
T Charles Witzel, Will Nutland, Adam Bourne
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) have higher HIV incidence and prevalence when compared to other MSM, despite similar levels of condom use and testing. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could be a useful intervention to reduce these inequalities. This research therefore aims to understand the dimensions of acceptability of a potential PrEP service for BMSM aged 18-45 years in London. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 PrEP-eligible BMSM between April and August 2016. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, then subject to a thematic framework analysis, informed by intersectionality theory...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Pria Anand, Deanna Saylor
Studies have suggested that the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in HIV-infected (HIV+) patients is lower than that of the general population. Here, we present a case of MS in an HIV+ patient with a relatively suppressed CD4 cell count who developed clinical and radiographic disease worsening in the setting of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. A 47-year-old HIV+ woman (CD4 cell count 216 cells/µl) presented with decreased vision in her right eye. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed optic nerve enhancement and open ring-enhancing lesions in the brain concerning for demyelinating disease...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Hortensia Álvarez, Ana Mariño, Nieves Valcarce, Saye Khoo, Sanjay Bhagani, Jonathan Schapiro, Josep M Llibre
Curing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients harbouring multiple severe comorbidities is a medical challenge. Evidence-based data are lacking regarding HCV treatment with direct-acting antiviral regimens in particular populations of HCV/HIV-coinfected patients with cirrhosis and chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis. Here, we present the HCV treatment challenges facing a patient with HIV coinfection, prior failure of both HIV-1 and HCV therapy, cirrhosis, end-stage renal failure on haemodialysis, as well as management of drug-drug interactions, especially given the need to receive long-term amiodarone therapy...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Carmen H Logie, Moses Okumu, Shannon Ryan, Dahlak M Yehdego, Nakia Lee-Foon
We adapted the Healthy Love Workshop (HLW), an HIV prevention workshop for African American women in the United States, for African, Caribbean and Black (ACB) women in Toronto, Canada. We conducted a pilot study with ACB women ( n = 80) in ten community-based settings with pre-test (T1), post-test (T2) and three-month follow-up (T3) surveys. Mixed-effect regression results indicated significant increases in condom use self-efficacy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) knowledge scores from T1 to T3...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Nisha Loganantharaj, Brianna Oliver, Taylor Smith, Rachna Jetly, Lee Engel, Shane Sanne
A 46-year-old Dominican man, known to have HIV, presented with constitutional symptoms of two week's duration. The patient was found to have cytopenias, significantly elevated ferritin level and lymphadenopathy. Biopsies and laboratory studies met the criteria for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). A concomitant diagnosis of histoplasmosis was confirmed as the trigger for HLH and treatment resulted in clinical improvement and resolution of symptoms.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Catherine A Ison, Helen Fifer, Simon Gwynn, Paddy Horner, Peter Muir, Jane Nicholls, Keith Radcliffe, Jonathan Ross, David Taylor-Robinson, John White
Despite Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) being increasingly recognised as a genital pathogen in men and women, awareness and utility of commercially available MG-testing has been low. The opinion of UK sexual health clinicians and allied professionals was sought on how MG-testing should be used. Thirty-two consensus statements were developed by an expert group and circulated to clinicians and laboratory staff, who were asked to evaluate their level of agreement with each statement; 75% agreement was set as the threshold for defining consensus for each statement...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Julianne M Serovich, Sandra J Reed, Ann A O'Connell, Tanja C Laschober
In prior studies, the relationship between serostatus disclosure and reduced HIV transmission risk has been mixed. The demonstration of a clear connection may be restricted by three main methodological limitations. This study evaluates the relationship between (1) more refined measures of serostatus disclosure and (2) eight categories of HIV transmission risk (lowest to highest risk) among men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV, while (3) considering a number of control variables. Results demonstrate that disclosure is more likely in sexual encounters involving no intercourse or involving protected and unprotected anal intercourse with HIV-positive partners than unprotected insertive anal intercourse with HIV-negative/unknown status partners...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Thana Khawcharoenporn, Pansachee Damronglerd, Krongtip Chunloy, Beverly E Sha
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care engagement post hospital discharge is often suboptimal. Strategies to improve follow-up are needed. A quasi-experimental study was conducted among hospitalized HIV-infected patients between the period from 1 January 2013 to 30 June 2014 (preintervention period) and 1 July 2014 to 31 December 2015 (intervention period). During the intervention period, an HIV care team consisting of an Infectious Diseases physician, a nurse, a pharmacist, a social worker, and an HIV-infected volunteer made daily inpatient rounds...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Saira Butt, Amir Tirmizi
This study presents a case report of a female patient with symptomatic refractory Trichomonas vaginalis infection who was not able to clear her infection with high-dose oral metronidazole, oral tinidazole, intra-vaginal zinc sulfate, intra-vaginal metronidazole, intra-vaginal tinidazole, and intra-vaginal boric acid. She was unable to tolerate intra-vaginal paromomycin. A combination of intravenous metronidazole, oral tinidazole liquid suspension, and intra-vaginal boric acid for 14 days subsequently achieved a complete symptomatic and laboratory cure...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
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