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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Marta Hernández Conde, Elba Llop Herrera, Juan de la Revilla Negro, Fernando Pons Renedo, Natalia Fernández Puga, José Luis Martínez Porras, María Trapero Marugan, Valentín Cuervas-Mons, Víctor Sánchez Turrión, José Luis Calleja Panero
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients that have undergone liver transplantation (LT) is 9.7% (SD 4.5). The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence, assess the factors that are associated with PVT and clarify their association with prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) and LT. AIMS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, laboratory, radiological and surgical data were collected from patients with LC in our center who had undergone LT for the first time...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Eugenia Caballero Rodríguez, Beatriz Arencibia Pérez, Guillermo Hernández Hernández
Gangliocytic paraganglioma is an uncommon entity. The jejunum location is extremely rare: there are only five cases reported in medical literature. We present a case of gangliocytic paraganglioma.
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Elvira Teles Sampaio, Luís Maia, Paulo Salgueiro, Ricardo Marcos-Pinto, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro, Isabel Pedroto
BACKGROUND: Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding emerges as a major complication of using antiplatelet agents and/or anticoagulants and represents a clinical challenge in patients undergoing these therapies. AIM: To characterize patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding related to antithrombotics and their management, and to determine clinical predictors of adverse outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of adults who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy after nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding from 2010 to 2012...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Ferran González-Huix Lladó
Replies to the letter of De la Matta: In response to the editorial "Sedation in endoscopy in 2016: Is it safe sedation with propofol led by the endoscopist in complex situations?
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Fernando Pereira Pérez
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms characterized by a common embryonic origin and highly variable clinical outcome.
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Manuel de la Matta
It is universally accepted that deep sedation involves more risks than light-to-moderate sedation. Deep sedation for endoscopic explorations is normally provided by anesthesiologists in Spain and in most countries of the European Unión. The present debate about deep sedation-anesthesia states goes beyond the topic of cardiovascular and respiratory adverse events, and targets the cognitive consequences and global increased mortality of uncontrolled sedation states, especially in specific fragile populations...
October 19, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Ana Ponte, Rolando Pinho, Adélia Rodrigues, Joana Silva, Jaime Rodrigues, João Carvalho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A computed assessment of cleansing (CAC) score was developed to objectively evaluate small-bowel cleansing in the PillCam® capsule endoscopy (CE) system and to overcome the subjectivity and complexity of previous scoring systems. Our study aimed to adapt the CAC score to the Mirocam® system, evaluate its reliability with the Mirocam® CE system and compare it with three validated subjective grading scales. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty CE were prospectively and independently reviewed by two authors who classified the degree of small-bowel cleanliness according to a quantitative index, a qualitative evaluation and an overall adequacy assessment...
October 5, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Javier A Cienfuegos, Fernando Rotellar, Joseba Salguero, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jorge M Núñez Córdoba, Iosu Sola, Alberto Benito, Gabriel Zozaya, F Pardo, José Luis Hernández Lizoáin
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of tumors with a varied biological behavior. In the present study, we analyzed the experience of 79 pNETs resected between 1999 and 2014. The pathologic prognostic factors (European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society, ENETS; and AJCC) classification, vascular invasion (VI), proliferation index (ki-67) and the presence of necrosis were retrospectively reviewed. METHODS: The clinical data of 79 patients with pNETs who underwent surgery were retrospectively analyzed...
October 5, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Samuel Raimundo Fernandes, Patrícia Santos, Carlos Miguel Moura, Pedro Marques da Costa, Joana Rita Carvalho, Ana Isabel Valente, Cilénia Baldaia, Ana Rita Gonçalves, Paula Moura Santos, Luís Araújo-Correia, José Velosa
BACKGROUND: Acute severe colitis (ASC) remains a challenging complication of ulcerative colitis. The early identification of patients who will not respond to optimal therapy is warranted. Increasing evidence suggests that endoscopy may play a role in predicting important outcomes in acute severe colitis. METHODS: The endoscopic activity of consecutive patients with acute severe colitis was evaluated using the Mayo endoscopic sub-score (Mayo) and the ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity (UCEIS)...
October 5, 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Marta Magaz Martínez, Aurelio Garrido Botella, Fernando Pons Renedo, Borja Oliva Del Río, Bélen Agudo Castillo, Pilar Ibarrola Arévalo, Luis Esteban Abreu García
Campylobacter infection usually starts in the jejunum and ileum and progresses distally. The case fatality rate is low and most occur in elderly or patients with comorbidity as in this case. Antibiotics should be used in severe cases or patients at risk. The choices are macrolides and fluoroquinolones. However, in some countries quinolone resistance is increasing, as in Spain. We shouldn´t forget this fact for the proper treatment approach and specifically in refractory cases.
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Antonio José Fernández López, Miguel González Valverde, Nuria Martínez Sanz, María Encarnación Tamayo Rodríguez, Antonio Albarracín Marín Blázquez
Duodenal diverticula are a rare, usually asymptomatic clinical condition. When a complication arises clinical suspicion is key for the diagnosis. On occasion these patients receive a delayed diagnosis and undergo inadequate medical therapy. We report the case of a patient with evidence of duodenal diverticulitis in association with gallbladder inflammation by contiguity, as well as his diagnosis and management.
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Jaime P Rodrigues, Rolando Pinho, Joao Carvalho
A 57-year-old man with a past medical history of total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx was admitted to our institution 5 months after the procedure, for surgical resection of a local recurrence of the tumor. In the postoperative period, endoscopically guided placement of a nasogastric tube was scheduled, after previous failed attempts. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an anastomotic dehiscence, 13 cm distal to the incisors, and a foreign body penetrating through the esophageal wall, 20cm distal to the incisors...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
L A Loza Vargas, Henar Núñez Rodríguez, Marina Benito Sanz, Tomás Zamora Martínez, Pilar Díez Redondo, Manuel Pérez Miranda
An 82-year-old male with a history of high blood pressure, COPD, chronic myeloid leukemia, and stage-4 chronic renal failure. Admitted to hospital for lower-limb cellulitis and severe COPD exacerbation, he received antibiotic therapy and bronchodilators. During his hospital stay he developed severe anemia and had an hematochezia event with no diarrhea. A complete colonoscopy found small (4-7 mm) nacreous elevated lesions, circumferential in shape, in the cecum and ascending colon with some bleeding stigmata and submucosal bleeding suggestive of infectious colitis; stool culture was negative and Clostridium difficile toxins were positive...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Rosa Coelho, Armando Ribeiro, Roberto Silva, Elisabete Rios, Marco Silva, Guilherme Macedo
A 76-year-old female patient with a past medical history of diabetes mellitus, stage 3 chronic renal failure and iron deficiency anemia was referred for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for evaluation of solid food dysphagia. She had been on oral therapy with ferrous sulfate for several years. Besides a Schatzki's ring the EGD revealed a duodenal mucosa with black-speckled pigmentation. Biopsies were performed and disclosed the deposition of brown (hemosiderin) pigment within macrophages in the lamina propria of normal villi...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Ana Ponte, Rolando Pinho, Sónia Fernandes, Carlos Fernandes, Iolanda Ribeiro, Joana Silva, Jaime Rodrigues, João Carvalho
The authors present a case of a 38-year-old man with a 4-hour history of accidental removal of a jejunostomy balloon-tube replacement (PEG-18-BRT-S, Cook Medical Inc., Bloomington, USA). The patient had undergone a direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) ten months ago, before chemoradiotherapy treatment for an esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (uT3N2cM0). His past medical condition included alcoholic liver disease and distal gastrectomy from a life-threatening duodenal bleeding ulcer.
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Carlos Taxonera Samso
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), both chronic, relapsing, incurable conditions. Phenotypical expression may vary, and a fraction of patients respond appropriately to conventional drugs without complications or need for hospitalization. At the opposite end of this spectrum, 30-40% of patients have severe, aggressive disease poorly responsive to conventional drugs. These latter patients urgently need more advanced therapy options, which also represent additional safety concerns...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Carmen-Monica Preda, Larisa Elena Fulger, Lucian Negreanu, Mircea Manuc, Irina Sandra, Mircea-Mihai Diculescu
AIM: Perform a comparison between adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in treating post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease (a comparative analysis of efficacy and safety). METHODS: From the 267 patients treated with Adalimumab or Infliximab between January 2005 and June 2014 in Romania, 44 received anti- TNF (tumor necrosis factor) therapy for prevention of post-operative recurrence. A comparison between patients treated with IFX and ADA was made with the Chi- square and t- student test, with the aid of the statistical program Mini Tab 17...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Joaquín Hinojosa, Francisco Javier Júdez Gutiérrez, Jose Maria Tenías Burillo
INTRODUCTION: Not all national health centers include specialized units or clinicians devoted to inflammatory bowel disease. The goal of the survey was to gain an insight into the management of this disease within Spanish gastroenterology departments via a survey among their members. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An online survey was conducted in February and March 2015, among SEPD members (2017 clinician members), who were split into three categories: heads of department, general gastroenterologists, and experts in this disease...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Cristina Fernández de Castro, Ángel Cañete, Eduardo Sanz de Villalobos, Reyes Ferreiro, Agustín Albillos Martínez, Enrique Vázquez Sequeiros
Interventional endoscopy is a field that continues to grow rapidly. A novel prototype forward-viewing echoendoscope (FV-EUS) has been recently developed in an attempt to overcome some of the limitations of conventional curved linear-array echoendoscopes (OV-EUS). We present a case of a successful endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst using a forward-viewing echoendoscope. Although the utilization use of this newly developed echoendoscope has not yet become widespread, its unique characteristics can help to easily perform routine therapeutic procedures and contribute to the expansion of interventional endoscopic utrasoundultrasound...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Héctor Julián Canaval Zuleta
Dear editor. We have published an article about the role of the endoscopy in the Taeniosis. I will try to clarify some doubts and misinformation about it, as well Galan-Puchades MT suggests.
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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