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Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548908/effect-of-end-segment-on-physicochemical-properties-and-platelet-compatibility-of-poly-propylene-glycol-initiated-poly-methyl-methacrylate
#1
Chihiro Fukuda, Chie Yahata, Takuya Kinoshita, Takafumi Watanabe, Hideo Tsukamoto, Akira Mochizuki
It is well known that polyether-based copolymers have good blood compatibility, although many mechanisms have been proposed to explain their favorable performance. Our objective in carrying out the present study was to obtain a better understanding of the effect of the (poly)ether segment on blood compatibility. Therefore, we synthesized poly(propylene glycol) (PPG)-based initiators for atom transfer polymerization, where the number of propylene glycol (PG) units in the PPG (Pn(PG) was varied from 1 to 94. Methyl methacrylate (MMA) was polymerized using the initiators, resulting in the formation of polyMMAs with a PG-based ether part at the polymer terminal...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541818/preparation-and-characterization-of-monodisperse-microcapsules-with-alginate-and-bentonite-via-external-gelation-technique-encapsulating-pseudomonas-putida-rs-198
#2
Xuan Li, Zhansheng Wu, Yanhui He, Bang-Ce Ye, Jun Wang
This paper evaluated the external gelation technique for preparing microcapsules. The microcapsules were consisted of Pseudomonas putida Rs-198 (Rs-198) core and sodium alginate (NaAlg)-bentonite (Bent) shell. Different emulsification rotation speeds and core/shell ratios were used to prepare the microcapsules of each formulation. The near-spherical microcapsules were monodisperse with a mean diameter of 25 μm to 100 μm and wrinkled surfaces. Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed the physical mixture of the wall material and the superior thermal stability of the microcapsules...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539099/selectivity-and-localization-of-lysozyme-uptake-in-contemporary-hydrogel-contact-lens-materials
#3
Miriam Heynen, Negar Babaei Omali, Zohra Fadli, Chantal Coles-Brennan, Lakshman N Subbaraman, Lyndon Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate the early and selective uptake of lysozyme and the location of deposited lysozyme on contemporary hydrogel contact lens (CL) materials after exposure to an artificial tear solution (ATS) for 16 hours. Seven different hydrogel CL materials [polymacon, omafilcon A, nelfilcon A, nesofilcon A, ocufilcon B, etafilcon A (Acuvue Moist), and etafilcon A (Acuvue Define)] were incubated in an ATS for various times. Total protein deposition was determined using a modified Bradford technique...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532338/design-of-amphiphilic-pcl-peg-pcl-block-copolymers-as-vehicles-of-ginkgolide-b-and-their-brain-targeting-studies
#4
Xi-Qing Yan, Yong-Li Shi, Qing-Feng Jiang, Guan-Fang Ping, Zhi-Jian Deng
The amphiphilic PEG-b-PCL block copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization. The specific and selective antagonists of platelet activating factor, Ginkgolide B (GB), was successfully encapsulated in the synthesized PEG-PCL nanoparticles (NPs) with high Encapsulation Efficiency and Drug Loading. The synthesis of different PEG-PCL copolymers were confirmed with FTIR and (1)H NMR spectra. The morphology and particles size distribution of cargo-free PEG-PCL NPs were studied by transmission electron microscope (TEM) analysis and Malvern laser particle analyzer...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532282/synthesis-of-ph-responsive-n-acetyl-cysteine-modified-starch-derivatives-for-oral-delivery
#5
Kwanghyok Jong, Benzhi Ju, Shufen Zhang
In this study, a novel type of pH-responsive polymer PyHES-NAC ((2-hydroxy-3-(2-propynyloxy) propyl hydroxyethyl starch (PyHES)) - (N-Acetyl-cysteine (NAC)) was synthesized. First, PyHES was prepared via hydrophobic modification of hydroxyl groups in hydroxyethyl starch (HES) with propynylglycidyl ether (PGE), and then pH-responsive carboxylic acid group was connected to propynyl group via thiol-yne click reaction with NAC. Aqueous PyHES-NAC solutions exhibited a good transference between hydrophobic (or self-assembly) and hydrophilic static along with the change of pH value and protective properties of drugs under acidic conditions...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532250/design-and-evaluation-of-mpeg-pla-micelles-functionalized-with-drug-interactive-domains-as-improved-drug-carriers-for-docetaxel-delivery
#6
Dingqing Qi, Feirong Gong, Xin Teng, Mingming Ma, Huijing Wen, Weihao Yuan, Yi Cheng, Chong Lu
Polymeric micelles are very attractive drug delivery systems for hydrophobic agents, owing to their readily tailorable chemical structure and ease for scale-up preparation. However, the intrinsic poor stability of drug-loaded micelles presents one of the major challenges for most micellar systems in the translation to clinical applications. In this study, a simple, well-defined, and easy-to-scale up 9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) and tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc) containing lysine dendronized mPEG-PLA (mPEG-PLA-Lys(FB)2) micellar formulation was designed and prepared for docetaxel (DTX) delivery, in an effort to improve the stability of the micelles, and its physicochemical properties, pharmacokinetics, and anti-tumor efficacy against SKOV-3 ovarian cancer were evaluated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514924/rapid-and-annealing-free-self-assembly-of-dna-building-blocks-for-3d-hydrogel-chaperoned-by-cationic-comb-type-copolymers
#7
Zheng Zhang, Yuyang Wu, Feng Yu, Chaoqun Niu, Zhi Du, Yong Chen, Jie Du
The construction and self-assembly of DNA building blocks are the foundation of bottom-up development of three-dimensional DNA nanostructures or hydrogels. However, most self-assembly from DNA components is impeded by the mishybridized intermediates or the thermodynamic instability. To enable rapid production of complicated DNA objects with high yields no need for annealing process, herein different DNA building blocks (Y-shaped, L- and L'-shaped units) were assembled in presence of a cationic comb-type copolymer, poly (L-lysine)-graft-dextran (PLL-g-Dex), under physiological conditions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514893/cytocompatible-polyion-complex-gel-of-poly-pro-hyp-gly-for-simultaneous-rat-bone-marrow-stromal-cell-encapsulation
#8
Farah Nurlidar, Mime Kobayashi, Kayo Terada, Tsuyoshi Ando, Masao Tanihara
Polyion complex (PIC) gel of poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly) was successfully fabricated by simply mixing polyanion and polycation derivatives of poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly), a collagen-like polypeptide. The polyanion, succinylated poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly), and the polycation, arginylated poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly), contain carboxy (pKa = 5.2) and guanidinium (pKa = 12.4) groups, respectively. Mixing the polyanion and the polycation at physiological pH (pH = 7.4) resulted in PIC gel. The hydrogel formation was optimum at an equimolar ratio of carboxy to guanidinium groups, suggesting that ionic interaction is the main determinant for the hydrogel formation...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504016/dna-isolation-by-galactoacrylate-based-nano-poly-hema-co-gal-opa-nanopolymers
#9
Ceren Türkcan Kayhan, Fulden Zeynep Ural, Meryem Koruyucu, Yeşim Gül Salman, Murat Uygun, Deniz Aktaş Uygun, Sinan Akgöl, Adil Denizli
Isolation of DNA is one of the important processes for biotechnological applications such as investigation of DNA structures and functions, recombinant DNA preparations, identification of genetic factors and diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders. The aim of this study was to synthesis and characterizes the galactoacrylate based nanopolymers with high surface area and to investigate the usability of these synthesized nanopolymers for DNA isolation studies. Nanopolymers were synthesized by the surfactant free emulsion polymerization technique by using the monomers of 2-hydroxyl ethylmethacrylate and 6-O-(2(')-hydroxy-3'-acryloyloxypropyl)-1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-α-D-galactopyranose...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498064/polydopamine-polyethyleneimine-complex-adhered-to-micrometer-sized-magnetic-carbon-fibers-for-high-efficiency-hemoperfusion
#10
Rui-Lin Liu, Yan Wang, Xian-Li Ge, Pei Yu, Hui-Qin Liu, Ming-Chan Wang, Wen Lu, Qiang Fu
Carbon-based nanomaterials have recently attracted tremendous attention in adsorption, separation and biological fields. However, such modification is not always straightforward when the surface is not chemically reactive. Given this reason, most carbon materials modification processes employ reactive linkers or coupling agents, which are complicated and time-consuming. Herein, we report on a dopamine-polyethyleneimine (PEI) coating strategy to fabricate micrometer-sized magnetic carbon fiber (MSMCF)-based extracorporeal blood-cleansing sorbent for hemoperfusion...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494698/extemporaneously-preparative-biodegradable-injectable-polymer-systems-exhibiting-temperature-responsive-irreversible-gelation
#11
Yasuyuki Yoshida, Kazuyuki Takata, Hiroki Takai, Keisuke Kawahara, Akinori Kuzuya, Yuichi Ohya
On clinical application of biodegradable injectable polymer (IP) systems, quick extemporaneous preparation of IP formulations and longer duration time gel state after injection into the body are the important targets to be developed. Previously, we had reported temperature-responsive covalent gelation systems via bio-orthogonal thiol-ene reaction by "mixing strategy" of amphiphilic biodegradable tri-block copolymer (tri-PCG) attaching acryloyl groups on both termini (tri-PCG-Acryl) with reactive polythiol. In other previous works, we found "freeze-dry with PEG/dispersion" method as quick extemporaneous preparation method of biodegradable IP formulations...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494208/enhanced-proliferation-and-neuronal-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cell-with-vertically-surface-microenvironment
#12
Qiuting Yan, Lipao Fang, Jiyu Wei, Guipeng Xiao, Meihong Lv, Quanhong Ma, Chunfeng Liu, Wang Wang
Owing to its biocompatibility, noncytotoxicity, biodegradability and three-dimensional structure, vertically silicon nanowires (SiNWs) arrays are a promising scaffold material for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and relevant medical applications. Recently, its osteogenic differentiation effects, reorganization of cytoskeleton and regulation of the fate on stem cells have been demonstrated. However, it still remains unknown whether SiNWs arrays could affect the proliferation and neuronal differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) or not...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490251/ampicillin-incorporated-alginate-chitosan-fibers-from-microfluidic-spinning-and-for-vitro-release
#13
Xiaolin Zhang, Chen Huang, Yi Zhao, Xiangyu Jin
The fibrous drug-loading capability, degradation profile, drug release behavior and mechanical performance were found to be controlled by regulating the amount of IPA and chitosan, which delayed the degradable time-scale and improved the drug loading capacity. Six types of alginate fibers were spun by combining two distinct core flows with deionized water-based, ethanol-based and isopropyl alcohol-based sheath fluid, respectively. The as prepared fibers were analyzed and compared by the characterization of SEM, mass loss, ICP, FTIR, XRD, UV, mechanics performance testing and antibacterial activity tests...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488930/preparation-of-liposome-bearing-disulfide-proteinoid-and-its-reduction-responsive-release-property
#14
Kyeongnan Kwon, Jin-Chul Kim
Egg phosphatidylcholine (Egg PC) liposome bearing a disulfide proteinoid exhibited a reduction-responsive release property. Proteinoid composed of Asp, Leu, and cystamine (Prot(ALC)) and Asp and Leu (Prot(AL)) were synthesized by thermal condensation, confirmed by Raman, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. Egg PC liposome bearing the proteinoid was prepared by a film hydration and sonication method. The fluorescence quenching of dye (i.e. calcein) loaded in liposome bearing the proteinoid was 68.1% to 78...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485674/modification-of-ligands-for-serum-albumin-on-polyethyleneimine-to-stabilize-polyplexes-in-gene-delivery
#15
Yuta Nakamura, Hikari Sato, Takanobu Nobori, Hotaru Matsumoto, Shoko Toyama, Tomohiro Shuno, Akihiro Kishimura, Takeshi Mori, Yoshiki Katayama
In this work, we have developed a new technique to stabilize a ternary complex composed of plasmid DNA, a linear polyethyleneimine (LPEI) and serum albumin. A stearoyl group was conjugated to LPEI as a specific ligand for serum albumin. The resultant ternary complex has excellent stability in physiological saline conditions, maintaining its initial diameter and preventing aggregation of red blood cells. The ternary complex has equivalent transfection ability to and significantly lower cytotoxicity than unmodified LPEI...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467173/ph-responsive-nanoparticle-assembly-from-peptide-amphiphiles-for-tumor-targeting-drug-delivery
#16
Cong Chang, Peiqing Liang, Linlin Chen, Junfeng Liu, Shihong Chen, Guohua Zheng, Changyun Quan
In this paper, the peptide amphiphiles (PA) which consists of RGDSEEEEEEEEEEK as pH-sensitive segment and stearic acid as hydrophobic segment named RGDS-E10-Lys(C18) was successfully synthesized. TEM images showed that uniformly dispersed nanoparticles could be formed by PA molecules in pH 7.4 medium, however, disintegrated in pH 5.0 medium. Circular dichroism (CD) spectrum indicated that polypeptide adopted a random-coil conformation in neutral medium (pH 7.4). The CD signal was significantly attenuate for decreased solubility of PA in medium with pH 5...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443362/effect-of-the-side-chain-spacer-structure-on-the-ph-responsive-properties-of-polycarboxylates
#17
Atsushi Harada, Ryoma Teranishi, Eiji Yuba, Kenji Kono
The properties of stimuli-responsive polymers change significantly with changes to their environment, such as temperature and pH. This behavior can be utilized for the preparation of stimuli-responsive carriers for efficient cytosolic delivery of active drugs. Among the possible environmental conditions, pH is one of the most useful stimuli because the pH in an endosome is lower than under physiological conditions, depending on endosomal development. This pH difference is an important factor in the design of pH-responsive polymers, which can be used to enhance the transport of endocytosed drugs from the endosomal compartment to the cytoplasm...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425835/enzymatic-synthesis-and-protein-adsorption-properties-of-crystalline-nanoribbons-composed-of-cellulose-oligomer-derivatives-with-primary-amino-groups
#18
Takatoshi Nohara, Toshiki Sawada, Hiroshi Tanaka, Takeshi Serizawa
The in vitro enzymatic synthesis of cellulose and its derivatives has attracted growing interest for fabricating novel cellulose-based supramolecular assemblies with unique physicochemical and functional properties. However, their potential biomedical applications have not been sufficiently demonstrated despite their useful features of designable structures and tailor-made surface functionalities. Herein, we demonstrated the production of crystalline nanoribbons composed of cellulose oligomer derivatives with primary amino groups via cellodextrin phosphorylase-catalyzed single-step reactions using α-D-glucose l-phosphate monomers and 2-aminoethyl-β-D-glucoside primers...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423990/self-assembled-nanogel-of-cholesterol-bearing-xyloglucan-as-a-drug-delivery-nanocarrier
#19
Shin-Ichi Sawada, Hiroko Yukawa, Shigeo Takeda, Yoshihiro Sasaki, Kazunari Akiyoshi
Xyloglucan (XG) is a multibranched polysaccharide consisting of a main chain β-1,4-glucan with xylose and galactose side chains. In this study, cholesterol-bearing XG (CHXG) was synthesized by the reaction of XG with cholesteryl N- (6-isocyanatohexyl) carbamate. The CHXG molecules self-assembled in water to form nanogels consisting of about 100 molecules of XG, and were characterized using differential light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The number of cholesteryl groups per physical cross-linking site was estimated using a fluorescence quenching method...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402171/tethered-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-onto-sulfonated-polyrotaxane-based-surfaces-promotes-osteogenic-differentiation-of-mc3t3-e1-cells
#20
Yoshinori Arisaka, Nobuhiko Yui
Sulfonated-polyrotaxane (PRX)-coated surfaces with tethered bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) were designed for inducing osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells (preosteoblasts). Sulfonated-PRX triblock copolymers composed of sulfopropyl ether-modified α-cyclodextrins (α-CDs) threaded onto a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chain as a PRX segment and poly(benzyl methacrylate) (PBzMA) at both terminals of the PEG as anchoring segments were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
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