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Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition

Akira Mochizuki, Yuko Miwa, Riko Miyoshi, Takahiro Namiki
We previously reported that the platelet compatibility of methyl methacrylate (MMA)-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) diblock copolymers is related to the characteristic water structure in the copolymer, as the copolymer has an excess amount of nonfreezing water when compared with that estimated from the amounts of water in HEMA and MMA homopolymers. Thus, in this study, the relationship between water structure and polymer structure, including the heterogeneity and mobility of the copolymer, was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Xuandong Lin, Fangfang Xie, Xueling Ma, Yuhong Hao, Hejia Qin, Jindong Long
The occlusion of dentinal tubules is an effective method to alleviate the symptoms of dentin hypersensitivity. In this paper, we successfully modified nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HAP)with carboxyl-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimers by an aqueous-based chemical method and verified by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission electron microscope(TEM). Then the demineralization dentin discs were randomly divided into 4 groups, corresponding to subsequent brushing experiments: deionized water and kept in artificial saliva (AS), dendrimer-functionalized n-HAP and stored in AS, n-HAP and saved in AS, dendrimer-functionalized n-HAP and stored in deionized water...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Tsuyoshi Kimura, Naoko Nakamura, Kanji Umeda, Yoshihide Hashimoto, Akio Kishida
We synthesized a temperature-responsive surface that immobilized an antibody via DNA duplex formation for selective capture and release of target cells. Polyethylene films were modified by grafting poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) (P(NIPAAm-co-AAc)), which were prepared at various ratios of NIPAAM/AAc. The increased hydrophilicity of P(NIPAAm-co-PAA) film with decreased temperature was confirmed by water contact angle measurement. Single strand DNA (20mer) was chemically immobilized on the surface and then antibody (anti-mouse CD45, mCD45) modified with the complementary single strand DNA was immobilized on the surface through DNA duplex formation...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Atsushi Tamura, Moe Ohashi, Nobuhiko Yui
We developed stimuli-labile polyrotaxanes (PRXs) composed of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), Pluronic as an axle polymer, and acid-cleavable N-triphenylmethyl groups as bulky stopper molecules, and found that the PRXs are potent therapeutics for Niemann-Pick type C disease, because the PRX can effectively reduce intracellular cholesterol through the intracellular release of threaded β-CDs. In general, the PRXs need to be chemically modified with hydrophilic functional groups because PRXs are not soluble in aqueous media...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Francesco Paduano, Massimo Marrelli, Noura Alom, Mahetab Amer, Lisa J White, Kevin M Shakesheff, Marco Tatullo
Dental pulp tissue represents a source of mesenchymal stem cells that have a strong differentiation potential towards the osteogenic lineage. The objective of the current study was to examine in vitro osteogenic induction of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) cultured on hydrogel scaffolds derived from decellularized bone extracellular matrix (bECM) compared to collagen type I (Col-I), the major component of bone matrix. DPSCs in combination with bECM hydrogels were cultured under three different conditions: basal medium, osteogenic medium and medium supplemented with growth factors (GFs) and cell growth, mineral deposition, gene and protein expression were investigated...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Busra Gunay, Nesrin Hasirci, Vasif Hasirci
Lumbar fusion cages are devices used in spinal fusion procedures for disorders such as spondylosis and degenerative disc diseases that may occur due to age, trauma or genetic reasons. These devices are most frequently made of metals and polymers. The mechanical properties of such devices should be comparable to the bone to avoid stress shielding. Besides, cages should interact with the cells to prevent extrusion and achieve satisfactory fusion. In this study, poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and hydroxyapatite (HAp) were compounded to create products with HAp contents up to 40% (w/w), processed by hot melt extrusion and injection molded to produce composites with maximum polymer-mineral interaction...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Mitsuru Naito, Ryota Azuma, Hiroyasu Takemoto, Mao Hori, Naoto Yoshinaga, Shigehito Osawa, Rimpei Kamegawa, Hyun Jin Kim, Takehiko Ishii, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kanjiro Miyata, Kazunori Kataoka
Surface functionalization of nanoparticles is a crucial factor for nanoparticle-mediated drug and nucleic acid delivery. Particularly, the density of targeting ligands on nanoparticle significantly affects the affinity of nanoparticles to specific cellular surface (or receptor) through the multivalent binding effect. Herein, multilayered polyion complexes (mPICs) are prepared to possess varying densities of cyclic RGD peptide (cRGD) ligands for cancer-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery. A template PIC is first prepared by mixing siRNAs with homo catiomers of N-substituted polyaspartamide bearing tetraethylenepentamine (PAsp(TEP)) in aqueous solution, followed by silica-coating through silicate condensation reaction...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Muraleedhara Kurup G, Sumayya A S
Marine biopolymer composite materials provide a technological platform for launching biomedical applications. Biomaterials demand good biocompatibility without the possibility of inflammation or foreign body reactions. In this study, we prepared two biocomposite hydrogels namely; HAC (hydroxyapatite, alginate & chitosan) and HACF (hydroxyapatite, alginate, chitosan & fucoidan) followed by calcium chloride cross linking. The prepared scaffolds were characterized by Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Yasuyuki Yoshida, Keisuke Kawahara, Shintaro Mitsumune, Akinori Kuzuya, Yuichi Ohya
Aqueous solutions of biodegradable polymers exhibiting sol-to-gel transitions in response to external stimuli such as temperature and pH are expected to be used as injectable polymers (IPs) for biomedical applications. In this study, we prepared novel biodegradable temperature-responsive IP systems providing variable gel-forming pH regions. We synthesized PCGA-b-PEG-b-PCGA (tri-PCG) and attached carboxylic acid or primary amine groups on both termini, tri-PCG-COOH and tri-PCG-NH2, and investigated the temperature-responsive sol-to-gel transition behavior of the mixtures of these two copolymers at various pHs...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Zhixiang Cui, Luyin Lin, Junhui Si, Yufei Luo, Qianting Wang, Yongnan Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Wenzhe Chen
As one of the stimulators on bone formation, osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) improves both proliferation and differentiation of the bone cells in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this work was the preparation of three dimensional porous poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold with high porosity, well interpore connectivity, and then its surface was modified by using chitosan (CS)/OGP coating for application in bone regeneration. In present study, the properties of porous PCL and CS/OGP coated PCL scaffold, including the microstructure, water absorption, porosity, hydrophilicity, mechanical properties, and biocompatibility in vitro were investigated...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Taito Sekine, Syifa Asatyas, Chikako Sato, Shigeaki Morita, Masaru Tanaka, Tomohiro Hayashi
Unequivocal dependence of bioinertness of self-assembled monolayers of methoxy-tri(ethylene glycol)-terminated alkanethiol (EG3-OMe SAMs) on their packing density has been a mystery for more than two decades. We tackled this long-standing question by performing surface force and surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopic measurements. Our surface force measurements revealed a physical barrier of interfacial water in the vicinity of the Au-supported EG3-OMe SAM (low packing density), whereas the Ag-supported one (high packing density) did not possess such interfacial water...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Qinglian Hu, Fengliang Guo, Fenghui Zhao, Guping Tang, Zhengwei Fu
Poly(ethylene imine)s (PEIs) have gained enormous attention in designing novel drug delivery systems for cancer treatment. High molecular weight of PEIs such as PEI 25 kD are promising for their drug carrying capacity. However, increased molecular weight is associated with toxicity. Currently, the toxicity evaluation of PEIs is mainly focused on the culture cell models, with very few studies investigating the risk assessment in vivo. Herein, the systemic evaluation of branched PEI 25 kD and PEI-CyD (PC) composed of low molecular PEI (Mw 600) and β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) is performed in zebrafish model and endothelial cells...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Kazuhiko Ishihara, Mingwei Mu, Tomohiro Konno, Yuuki Inoue, Kyoko Fukazawa
2-Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) is methacrylate bearing a phosphorylcholine group in the side chain. The phosphorylcholine group generates several unique properties arising from its zwitterionic structure, consisting of a phosphate anion and a trimethylammonium cation. Despite these charged groups, the total electrical charge of the species is zero because of the formation of an inner salt. The polymerization of MPC proceeds both conventional and living radical polymerizations. And, using these method, the corresponding polymer can be obtained efficiently...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Farinaz Ketabat, Akbar Karkhaneh, Rouhollah Mehdinavaz Aghdam, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti
Recently, Injectable Conducting Hydrogel (ICH) systems have gained much attention for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. These systems can promote the regeneration of tissues responding to electrical responses. In this study, a novel ICH system was introduced. To achieve this system, firstly, a soluble non-toxic polypyrrole (PPy) synthesized by grafting pyrrole on alginate (Alg) backbone (Alg-graft-PPy), and then, ICH systems were prepared by the given ratios of Alg-graft-PPy, Alg, and collagen (Col)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Nabil A Siddiqui, Nashiru Billa, Clive J Roberts
The principal challenge for the use of boronic acids (BA) as glucose sensors is their lack of specificity for glucose. We examined the selectivity of and insulin release from two boronic acids- (2-formyl-3-thienylboronic acid (FTBA) and 4-formylphenylboronic acid (FPBA)) conjugated chitosan scaffolds to glucose and fructose.. Adsorption of glucose to BA: chitosan conjugates was dose-dependent up to 1:1 at 35 and 42% for FPBA and FTBA respectively but the FTBA conjugates adsorbed more glucose and fructose at respective FPBA ratios...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Supamas Napavichayanun, Pornanong Aramwit
Wound healing is a natural process of body reaction to repair itself after injury. Nonetheless, many internal and external factors such as aging, comorbidity, stress, smoking, alcohol drinking, infections, malnutrition, or wound environment significantly affect the quality and speed of wound healing. The unsuitable conditions may delay wound healing process and cause chronic wound or scar formation. Therefore, many researches have attempted to search for agents that can accelerate wound healing with safety and biocompatibility to human body...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Daniel E Heath, Stuart L Cooper
The field of biomaterials science has exhibited astounding growth during the last half century. This growth can be attributed to a more thorough understanding of cellular behaviours, new mechanistic insights into cell-materials interactions, advances in polymer synthesis, and the development of innovative fabrication techniques. This progress has enabled biomaterials to transition from materials that fill in for damaged or diseased tissues to implants that actively work with biology to aid in the healing process...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Yuuka Fukui, Shuhei Kameyama, Keiji Fujimoto
We intended to create a free-standing and organic-inorganic hybrid colloidal membrane. The colloidal membrane was assembled from polymeric capsules, which were prepared by coating of polymer layers over a liposome (liponanocapsules). In this study, two approaches were employed for mineralization over the membrane with calcium phosphate (CaP) to control its mechanical robustness and biodegradability (hybrid bioscaffold). One approach was based on CaP deposition over the liponanocapsules and their assembly into the hybrid membrane...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Jun Kobayashi, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano
This review describes new types of thermoresponsive surfaces modified with biologically active ligands to thermally modulate on-off affinity binding between ligands and receptors. To achieve the thermal regulation of affinity binding, molecules of thermoresponsive polymer poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm) are typically used to tune the degree of steric hindrance in response to temperature. The coil-to-globule transition of surface-grafted PIPAAm chains induces dynamic changes in the degree of steric hindrance in the vicinity of the immobilized ligand, resulting in the thermoresponsive modulation of on-off affinity interactions with receptors, and the subsequent on-off switching of the capture and release of proteins and cells on the surface...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Asuka Kato, Kai Kan, Hiroharu Ajiro, Mitsuru Akashi
In regenerative medicine, it has become increasingly important to collect cultured tissues using non-invasive methods. Enzymatic deadhesion is normally used to collect cells, but this method cannot be used when trying to collect whole tissues in order to avoid damaging cell-cell interactions. In order to resolve this issue, a thermoresponsive culture dish with poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAAm) has been employed. This system can change its hydrophobicity depending on temperature. Thus, tissues can attach above 37 °C and be detached below 20 °C...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
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