Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition

Shengnan Yin, Yiran Xia, Qi Jia, Zhao-Sheng Hou, Na Zhang
This study describes the preparation and properties of a novel aliphatic cost-effective segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) based on poly(ether ester) (poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-L- lactide), PECLA) and uniform-size diurethane diisocyanates (HDI-BDO-HDI). PECLA was synthesized via bulk ring-opening polymerization with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as an initiator and ε-caprolactone, L-lactide as monomers. By chain extension of PECLA diol with HDI-BDO-HDI, three SPUs with different hydrophilic segments content and hard segments content were obtained...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Jie Tao, Jiumeng Zhang, Yu Hu, Yuan Yang, Zhiyuan Gou, Ting Du, Jian Mao, Maling Gou
Conventional surgical methods can not completely remove the tumor cells, and an inevitable recurrence always results in death. In this study, we prepared a conformal hydrogel nanocomposite with potential to inhibit the recurrence of glioma. Based on the MRI of a patient's brain tumor cavity (BTC), we 3D-printed a mould for preparing the customized implants that could match the resection cavity. The obtained macroporous hydrogel, containing paclitaxel (PTX) nanoparticles, could sustained release PTX. From the confocal microscopy image, we could detect that the hydrogel nanocomposite combined with nanoparticles uniformly...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Javad Hashemi, Sameereh Hashemi-Najafabadi, Ebrahim Vasheghani-Farahani
In this study, a method is proposed to reduce immunological response of immune system against Langerhans islets by PEGylation of islets combined with adjuvant therapy. For this purpose, the best composition for a mixture of succinimidyl valeric acid activated mPEG (mPEG-SVA) with different molecular weights (MWs) and for a mixture of succinimidyl carbonate activated mPEG (mPEG-SC) with different MWs was determined separately. Then, the effect of pentoxifylline (PTX) as an adjuvant drug on immunological response against PEGylated islets at best mPEG composition was studied...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Yomaira L Uscátegui, Fabián R Arévalo, Luis E Díaz, Martha I Cobo, Manuel F Valero
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of type of polyol and concentration of polycaprolactone (PCL) in polyurethanes (PUs) on microbial degradability, cytotoxicity, biological properties and antibacterial activity to establish whether these materials may have biomedical applications. Chemically modified and unmodified castor oil, PCL and isophorone diisocyanate in a 1:1 ratio of NCO/OH were used. PUs were characterized by stress/strain fracture tests and hardness (ASTM D 676-59). Hydrophilic character was determined by contact angle trials and morphology was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Aysu Arslan, Soner Çakmak, Alper Cengiz, Menemşe Gümüşderelioğlu
The aliphatic-aromatic copolyester, poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) combines good mechanical and thermal properties with biodegradation ability. However, until now, researches in its potential medical use remain limited. Only in a few studies blends of PBAT with routinely used biocompatible polymers had been prepared and investigated regarding tissue engineering applications. Therefore, in this study, we decided to determine processability of neat PBAT as a scaffold material for bone tissue by using different fabrication methods i...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Gang Zhou, Lei Wang, Jianchao Li, Jun Tai, Haisheng Su, Jing Zhang, Yuan Xi, Yubo Fan
The accumulation of uremic toxins in blood might induce chronic renal failure (CRF). The incidence of CRF was as high as 10%. The traditional therapy for CRF was hemodialysis, which was more effective to remove small molecules, such as urea and creatinine. However, this detoxification method ignored the tissue functional adaption due to the retention of macromolecule uremic toxins. To solve this problem, this paper developed a new kind of chitosan/carboxyl graphite oxide (CS/GO-COOH) scaffold via a double-lyophilization method...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Yanxia Wang, Fan Huang, Yingjuan Sun, Ming Gao, Zhihua Chai
Shell cross-linked nanoparticles were fabricated by the complexation of poly(3-methacrylamido phenylboronic acid) (PMAPBA) and thiolated chitosan (chitosan-SH) via boronic acid-related reactions. The formation of PMAPBA/chitosan-SH nanoparticles was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and UV spectroscopy. The nanoparticles had a narrow size distribution with a relatively high positive charge density, and the size and zeta potential of the nanoparticles correlated with the chitosan-SH concentration...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Guiting Liu, Hongxun Zhou, Hong Wu, Rong Chen, Shaoyun Guo
Homogeneous alginate hydrogels were facilely fabricated through solution extrusion process. CaCO3 and D-glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) were used as the gelation agents. The slow gelation of alginate was realized by the in-situ release of Ca(2+) from CaCO3 particles induced by hydrolysis of GDL to reduce pH. Slight gelation during the extrusion caused the enhanced strength of the alginate solutions, leading to the extrudability of the blends. This method enables to produce alginate hydrogels in a single step via extrusion, which is economically advantageous to conventional lab-scale preparation for mass production...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
John Eric Jones, Qingsong Yu, Meng Chen
In this study, trimethylsilane (TMS) plasma nanocoatings were deposited onto 316L stainless steel coupons in direct current (DC) and radio frequency (RF) glow discharges and additional NH3/O2 plasma treatment to tailor the coating surface properties. The chemical stability of the plasma nanocoatings were evaluated after 12 week (~3 month) storage under dry condition (25 °C) and immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37 °C. It was found that nanocoatings did not impact surface roughness of underlying stainless steel substrates...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Xueqiong Zhang, Chunfu Li, Hua Zheng, Haoyuan Song, Lianghong Li, Fuliang Xiong, Jin Yang, Tong Qiu
Novel glutathione (GSH)-dependent micelles based on carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) were developed for triggered intracellular release of doxorubicin (DOX). DOX-33'-Dithiobis (N-hydroxysuccinimidyl propionate)-CMCS (DOX-DSP-CMCS) prodrugs were synthesized. DOX was attached to the amino group on CMCS via disulfide bonds and drug-loaded micelles were formed by self-assembly. The micelles formed core-shell structure with CMCS and DOX as the shell and core, respectively, in aqueous media. The structure of the prodrugs was confirmed by IR and proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Benyan Liu, Zhangyuan Luo, Wenzan Zhang, Quan Tu, Xun Jin
In this study, the concept of polymer electrodes integrated with a wireless electrocardiogram (ECG) system was described. Polymer electrodes for long-term ECG measurements were fabricated by loading high content of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in polydimethylsiloxane. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were added to increase the flexibility of the polymer and the conductivity of the electrode. An ECG electrode patch was fabricated by integrating the electrodes with an adhesive polydimethylsiloxane (aPDMS) layer. Holes in the electrode filled with aPDMS can enable robust contact between the electrode and skin, reducing motion artifacts...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Zhenbao Liu, Chunyan Wang, Yanfei Liu, Dongming Peng
Cefepime (CFP) is a frequently used antibiotic for prevention of post-surgery infection. Systemic delivery of CFP in a bulk dose usually shows effective therapeutic effects, while cytotoxicity can also be generated. To avoid the drawback of systemic delivery of antibiotic, local and controlled administration of drug is being employed to prolong therapeutic effects and reduce cytotoxicity by sustaining drug release and minimizing drug exposure. In this work, CFP loaded polymer O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMC) microspheres (CFP-OCMC-MPs) were fabricated and their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus was evaluated...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Xi Wang, Qian Xiang, Weiwei Cao, Feng Jin, Xuefeng Peng, Bingcheng Hu, Xiaodong Xing
Magnetic recyclable bactericidal nanocomposites (Fe3O4@PDMC) were well-designed and prepared by coating of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with quaternarized N-halamine polymers via the free radical polymerization process. In which, 5,5-dimethylhydantoinyl-(3-ethyl-methacrylamine)propyl dimethylammonium bromide (DEMPA), a new monomeric N-halamine precursor, was used as a coating material as well as the dual-functional bactericidal agent. The developed Fe3O4@PDMC nanocomposites exhibited suitable size and super-paramagnetic responsibility...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Kangqi Sun, Juhua Guo, Yufeng He, Pengfei Song, Yubing Xiong, Rong-Min Wang
Using feather keratin (FK) as a biocompatible and inexpensive biopolymer, a kind of dual-sensitive keratin-based polymer hydrogel (FK/PNiPA/PIAc-Gel) with interpenetrating network structure was prepared by two-step polymerization of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NiPA) and itaconic acid (IAc) in presence of crosslinker. After being characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy, its swelling behaviors and environmental sensitivity were investigated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Peizong Deng, Fangfang Teng, Feilong Zhou, Zhimei Song, Ning Meng, Runliang Feng
Ketoconazole is a broad spectrum imidazole antifungal drug. For the treatment of superficial fungal infections with ketoconazole, it needs to be permeated to deep skin layers. In order to develop topical formulation of ketoconazole for improving its skin deposition and water-solubility, ketoconazole-loaded methoxy poly (ethylene glycol)-b-poly (δ-valerolactone) micelles were developed through thin-film hydration method. Particle size, drug loading capacity, infrared spectrum and x-ray diffraction of drug-loaded micelles were characterized...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Hend E Salama, Gamal R Saad, Magdy W Sabaa
Chitosan biguanidine hydrochloride (ChG) and glutaraldehyde cross-linked chitosan biguanidine (CChG) were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal analyses (TGA and DTA). The results showed that ChG and CChG had a more amorphous structure than that of chitosan, and their thermal stability were slightly lower than that of chitosan. Colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared using borohydride reduction method and then investigated as fillers in partially cross-linked chitosan biguanidine...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Weikang Hu, Xiaoreng Feng, Xin Liu, Shulin Dai, Wen Zeng, Qing Jiang, Bin Chen, Changyun Quan, Kang Sun, Chao Zhang
In this paper, a series of copolymer hydrogels were fabricated from methacrylated poly(γ-glutamic acid) (mPGA) and poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA). The effect of ionic strength and pH on the swelling behavior and mechanical properties of these hydrogels were studied in detail. Release of Rhodamine B as a model drug from the hydrogel was evaluated under varied pH. In vitro photoencapsulation of bovine cartilage chondrocytes was performed to assess the cytotoxicity of this copolymer hydrogel. The results revealed that the copolymer hydrogel is ionic- and pH-sensitive, and does not exhibit acute cytotoxicity; this copolymer hydrogel may have promising application as matrix for controlled drug release and scaffolding material in tissue engineering...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Muhammad Arif, Mazhar Ali Raja, Shah Zeenat, Zhe Chi, Chenguang Liu
The main objective of this work was to develop polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) nanoparticles based on poly (malic acid), chitosan (PMLA/CS) as pH-dependent delivery systems. The results indicated that the PMLA/CS Nps were successfully prepared. The prepared PMLA/CS Nps showed spherical morphology with a mean diameter of 212.81 nm and negative surface charge of -24.60 mV, and revealing significant pH-sensitive properties as the mass ratio of PMLA to CS was 5:5. The prepared PMLA/CS Nps were characterized by FT-IR, TEM and DLS...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Abbas Teimouri, Mohammad Azadi, Zahra Shams Ghahfarokhi, Roya Razavizadeh
β-chitin/nanodiopside/nanohydroxyapatite (CT/nDP/nHAp) composite scaffolds were synthesized from the combination of chitin, nDP and nHAp in different inorganic/organic weight ratios by the freeze-drying technique. The prepared nHAp, and composite scaffolds were characterized by BET, TG, FT-IR, SEM, and XRD studies. The composite scaffolds had 50-75% porosities with well-defined interconnected porous networks. Moreover, investigation of the cell attachment and viability using MTT, DMEM solution, and mouse preosteoblast cell proved the cytocompatibile nature of the composite scaffolds with improved cell adhesion...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Peng Chen, Jiadi Sun, Ye Zhu, Xun Yu, Long Meng, Yang Li, Xiaoya Liu
Degrading Mg and its alloys are a category of implant materials for bone surgery, but rapid corrosion in physiological environment limits their clinical applications. To improve the corrosion resistance of Mg-based implants, a biodegradable composite polymer coating is deposited on an Mg rod in this work. The strategy is to decorate Mg surfaces with poly(γ-glutamic acid)-g-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin/hydroxyapatite (γ-PGA-g-AMC/HAp) composite nanoparticles through electrophoretic deposition in ethanol. The morphology and chemical composition of the resulting coating material are determined by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"