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Current Opinion in Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906861/new-and-emerging-developments-in-extensive-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-therapeutics-erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906860/liquid-biopsy-for-early-detection-of-lung-cancer
#2
Paul Hofman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The possibility of complete recovery for a lung cancer patient depends on very early diagnosis, as it allows total surgical resection. Screening for this cancer in a high-risk population can be performed using a radiological approach, but this holds a certain number of limitations. Liquid biopsy could become an alternative and complementary screening approach to chest imaging for early diagnosis of lung cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Several circulating biomarkers indicative of lung cancer can be investigated in blood, such as circulating tumor cells, circulating free nucleic acids (RNA and DNA) and proteins...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906859/recent-advances-in-nuclear-medicine-in-endocrine-oncology
#3
Markus Luster, Andreas Pfestroff, Frederik A Verburg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to review recent advances concerning the role of nuclear medicine in endocrine oncology. RECENT FINDINGS: For I therapy of thyroid cancer a thyrotropin (TSH) more than 30 mU/l has for many years been deemed a condition sine qua non. However, new data show that patients with lower TSH levels at the time of ablation have the same rate of successful ablation as those with TSH more than 30 mU/l.I-124 combined integrated positron emission tomography and computed X-ray tomography was shown to be highly accurate in predicting findings on posttherapy radioiodine scanning and was shown to have a high prognostic power...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902506/editorial-introductions
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875343/more-chinks-in-the-armor-of-cancer-potential-for-new-therapies
#5
Pierre Hainaut, Amelie Plymoth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875342/the-multifaceted-roles-of-inflammasome-proteins-in-cancer
#6
Virginie Petrilli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammasomes are major actors of the innate immune system, through their regulation of inflammatory caspases and maturation of IL-1β and IL-18. These multiprotein complexes have been shown to play major roles in inflammatory and metabolic diseases and have more recently been implicated in tumor development and dissemination. In this review, we address these recent findings, focusing particularly on colorectal cancer (CRC) initiation and tumor dissemination. RECENT FINDINGS: Based mostly on loss-of-function experiments in mouse models, paradoxical results were obtained as both protumoral and antitumoral activities were reported...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849645/current-management-of-patients-with-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia
#7
Ana Alfonso, Guillermo Montalban-Bravo, Guillermo Garcia-Manero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review will focus on the current management of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) as well as in future therapeutic perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS: CMML is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by peripheral blood monocytosis and myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative alterations in the bone marrow. Clinical behavior of the disease can be heterogeneous, with some patients having an indolent form of the disease, whereas others experience an aggressive course with decreased survival and eventual transformation to leukemia...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845971/the-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-noninvasive-follicular-thyroid-neoplasm-with-papillary-like-nuclear-features-niftp
#8
Joseph Scharpf, Dipti Kamani, Peter M Sadow, Gregory W Randolph
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) is a new terminology proposed for encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (EFVPTC). Recently, thyroid cancer incidence has increased dramatically, without affecting related mortality rate. This increase is widely attributed to the intensified surveillance leading to a substantial increase in the diagnosis of small classic papillary thyroid cancers and EFVPTCs...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845970/role-of-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-tumor-cell-characteristics-and-cancer-outcome
#9
Antoine Galmiche, Chloé Sauzay, Eric Chevet, Olivier Pluquet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the present review, we discuss the possible role of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the acquisition of tumor cell characteristics and in the prognosis of cancer outcome, which could assist and contribute to the development of more promising therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Accumulating evidence supports the idea that alteration of endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis is a key player in cancer development and aggressiveness. Some UPR components were reported as independent prognostic biomarker...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792053/probiotics-mediated-suppression-of-cancer
#10
Stephanie S Y So, Murphy L Y Wan, Hani El-Nezami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Probiotics can be used as an adjuvant for cancer prevention or/and treatment through their abilities to modulate intestinal microbiota and host immune response. Although most of the recent reviews have focused on the potential role of probiotics against colon cancer, only few of them include the probiotic effect on extraintestinal cancers. The present review covers the most important findings from the literature published during the past 20 months (from January 2015 to August 2016) regarding the probiotics-mediated suppression of both gastrointestinal and extraintestinal cancers and the underlying mechanisms...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792052/novel-insights-in-the-regulation-and-function-of-macrophages-in-the-tumor-microenvironment
#11
Evangelia Bolli, Kiavash Movahedi, Damya Laoui, Jo A Van Ginderachter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tumors contain not only cancer cells but also nontransformed types of cells, the stromal cells. A bidirectional interplay exists between transformed and nontransformed cells leading to tumor progression and metastasis. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the most abundant tumor-infiltrating leukocytes characterized by a high heterogeneity and plasticity. TAMs exhibit strong protumoral activities and are related to bad prognosis and worse overall survival in various cancer types...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792051/advances-and-controversies-in-the-management-of-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#12
Ana Luiza Maia, Simone Magagnin Wajner, Carla Vaz Ferreira Vargas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) comprises approximately 4% of all malignant thyroid neoplasms. Although the majority of patients have a good prognosis, a subgroup of patients develops progressive disease and requires systemic therapy. Here, we focused on the current MTC therapeutic approaches and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of molecular targeted therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: Targeted molecular therapies that inhibit RET and other tyrosine kinase receptors involved in angiogenesis have been shown to improve progression-free survival in patients with advanced MTC...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792050/on-mitochondrial-metabolism-in-tumor-biology
#13
Maria Shoshan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide examples of mitochondria-specific metabolic events that influence tumor cell biology, and of metabolism-related mitochondrial biomarkers and therapeutic targets in cancer cells. RECENT FINDINGS: Cancer cell mitochondria are rewired to optimally serve the cancer cell under various conditions of cellular stress. The nonexhaustive list of mitochondrial alterations that support cancer cell proliferation, survival, and/or progression includes upregulation of oxidative metabolism and use of alternative substrates, oncometabolites, increased superoxide production, mutated mitochondrial DNA, and altered mitochondrial morphology and dynamics...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755165/do-flame-retardant-chemicals-increase-the-risk-for-thyroid-dysregulation-and-cancer
#14
Kate Hoffman, Julie A Sosa, Heather M Stapleton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Flame retardant chemicals are added to consumer products to reduce fire incidence and severity; approximately 1.5 million tons of these chemicals are used annually. However, their widespread use has led to their ubiquitous presence in the environment and chronic accumulation in human tissues. We summarize current trends in human flame retardant chemical exposure, and review recent data highlighting concerns for thyroid dysregulation and cancer risk in human populations...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755164/an-update-on-the-status-of-nerve-monitoring-for-thyroid-parathyroid-surgery
#15
Ho-Sheng Lin, David J Terris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is one of the most common and serious complications associated with thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Although routine visual identification of the RLN is considered the current standard of care, the role of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the RLN is more controversial. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite initial enthusiasm that IONM might substantially reduce the rate of RLN injury, most studies failed to show a significant difference in the rate of RLN injury when the use of IONM was compared with visualization of the RLN alone...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749386/editorial-introductions
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649027/biomarkers-for-the-identification-of-recurrence-in-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-positive-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Giancarlo Pruneri, Giuseppina Bonizzi, Andrea Vingiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the mechanisms of anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) resistance in breast cancer patients, detailing possible predictive biomarkers of therapy benefit that could implement novel therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite a remarkable improvement in survival over the past two decades, up to 30% of early-stage HER2+ breast cancer patients exhibit de-novo or acquired resistance to targeted therapy, underlying the need of developing predictive biomarkers...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649026/progress-in-neuro-imaging-of-brain-tumors
#18
Antonella Castellano, Andrea Falini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is routinely employed in the diagnosis and clinical management of brain tumors. This review provides an overview of the advancements in the field of MRI, with a particular focus on the quantitative assessment by advanced physiological magnetic resonance techniques in light of the new molecular classification of brain tumor. RECENT FINDINGS: Understanding how molecular phenotypes of brain tumors are reflected in noninvasive imaging is the goal of radiogenomics, which aims at determining the association between imaging features and molecular markers in neuro-oncology...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606698/practical-implications-of-integrated-glioma-classification-according-to-the-world-health-organization-classification-of-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system-2016
#19
Bastian Malzkorn, Guido Reifenberger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Morphological features identifiable by light microscopy have been the basis of brain tumor diagnostics for many decades. The revised WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system 2016 combines histological and molecular features for an integrated classification. This new approach builds upon advances in brain tumor molecular genetics and has important practical implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Molecular genetic studies revealed distinct glioma entities with specific genetic and epigenetic profiles...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606697/extended-anti-her2-therapy-in-early-breast-cancer-longer-beats-shorter
#20
Sadal Refae, Barbara Pistilli, Suzette Delaloge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One-year duration of adjuvant trastuzumab is the gold standard since 2005. During the last decade many attempts have been made to both increase and reduce the treatment duration. The purpose of this article is to review the current available evidence regarding alternative anti-HER2 therapy durations in the (neo)adjuvant treatment of HER2-positive localized breast cancer patients. RECENT FINDINGS: According to the majority of published data, shorter trastuzumab schedule has shown a decreased benefit in the overall HER2 population, whereas extending adjuvant trastuzumab, beyond 1 year, does not improve the outcome and is associated with increased cardiac toxicity...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Oncology
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