journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787283/fertility-preservation-in-children-and-adolescents-current-options-and-considerations
#1
Kate McCracken, Leena Nahata
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline current pediatric fertility preservation options, and discuss ethical and financial considerations impacting this rapidly expanding field. RECENT FINDINGS: With the improvement in treatment of pediatric malignancies and medical conditions that threaten fertility, survival rates are increasing. Therefore, minimizing long-term morbidities such as gonadal damage and infertility is of utmost importance. Impaired fertility not only has a significant negative impact on patient's quality of life; in women, gonadal damage puts patients at risk for premature menopause, and increased risk of cardiac, skeletal, and cognitive issues...
August 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777193/endometriosis-in-adolescents
#2
Tazim Dowlut-McElroy, Julie L Strickland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses recent literature regarding the diagnosis and management of endometriosis in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing body of literature suggests that advanced-stage endometriosis (revised scoring system of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine Stage III or IV) and deeply invasive endometriosis are relatively common in adolescents. There remains limited data on the efficacy of postoperative hormonal management of endometriosis in the adolescent population...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777192/sexual-function-after-prolapse-repair
#3
Abigail Shatkin-Margolis, Rachel N Pauls
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize available literature (from the last 18 months) assessing sexual function following pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We include vaginal native tissue repair, abdominal/laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, transvaginal mesh repair, and obliterative procedures. The goal is to assist providers in counseling patients and to identify areas needed for further research. RECENT FINDINGS: When compared with pessary management, women who undergo POP surgical repair achieve their sexual function goals more often...
August 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759461/lasers-for-pelvic-floor-dysfunctions-is-there-evidence
#4
Patrick Lang, Mickey Karram
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the available energy sources used in the vaginal canal that are currently being promoted for certain pelvic floor conditions and explore the body of peer-reviewed literature supporting their use. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of research has focused on the use of fractional CO2 laser treatment for genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Most of these studies are nonrandomized prospective studies, but their data consistently shows an improvement in symptoms without significant side effects...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759460/management-of-benign-ovarian-lesions-in-girls-a-trend-toward-fewer-oophorectomies
#5
Dani O Gonzalez, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of benign ovarian lesions in girls is currently a controversial topic in the pediatric surgical literature. The purpose of this review is to highlight the epidemiology of benign ovarian masses, outline preoperative risk stratification strategies, review the indications and importance of ovary-sparing surgery (OSS), and discuss the impact of management algorithms. RECENT FINDINGS: Efforts across the United States and Canada to promote OSS have improved awareness about the role and safety of OSS for the management of benign ovarian masses in pediatric and adolescent girls...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759459/anterior-compartment-prolapse-what-s-new
#6
Patrick Lang, James L Whiteside
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the treatment options for anterior compartment prolapse, describe the role that apical suspension plays in the correction of anterior vaginal wall prolapse, and assess the risks and benefits of biologic and synthetic graft use in anterior compartment repair. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, The Cochrane Review published a review of 37 trials including 4023 participants finding that compared to native tissue repair, the use of synthetic mesh resulted in reduced symptomatic prolapse recurrence, anatomic recurrence, and repeat prolapse surgery...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737524/female-athlete-triad
#7
Meredith B Loveless
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The obstetrician/gynecologist (ob/gyn) may be the first provider to have the opportunity to recognize and diagnose female athlete triad. This review will help the ob/gyn to understand the female athlete triad and what is new on this topic, how to screen and diagnose the condition and the ob/gyn's role in treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Female athlete triad, also known as relative energy deficiency in sports, involves an interrelationship among energy availability, menstrual function and low bone density...
July 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719393/restrictions-and-limitations-after-pelvic-floor-surgery-what-s-the-evidence
#8
Miles Murphy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A common concern regarding pelvic floor surgery is the relatively high risk of recurrence. In an effort to minimize this risk, many surgeons instruct their patients to avoid certain activities during the healing process so as not to damage the repair before proper healing has occurred. However, many of these restrictions have been historically based on little to no hard evidence. The purpose of this review is to present the latest evidence-based recommendations regarding restrictions and limitations after pelvic floor surgery...
July 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696998/evaluation-and-management-of-vaginoplasty-complications
#9
Anne-Marie Amies Oelschlager, Anna Kirby, Lesley Breech
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Indications for vaginoplasty include congenital conditions such as adrenal hyperplasia, cloacal malformations, and Müllerian agenesis, acquired conditions including stenosis from radiation or surgical resection for malignancy, and gender affirmation. All vaginoplasty techniques carry significant risk of both immediate and long-term complications. RECENT FINDINGS: The purpose of this study is to provide a review of the evaluation and management of the neovagina, addressing management of human papilloma virus infections and complications including stenosis, fistula, prolapse, and neovaginal colitis...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682927/contraception-counseling-for-adolescents
#10
Shandhini Raidoo, Bliss Kaneshiro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, pregnancy and birth rates among adolescents in the United States have declined to all-time lows, although adolescents in the United States continue to have the highest rate of unintended pregnancy among developed countries. Contraception is a key component in the prevention of unintended pregnancy. In this review, we outline unique barriers to reproductive healthcare for adolescents and strategies to optimally address the contraceptive needs of adolescents...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683027/pelvic-denervation-procedures-for-dysmenorrhea
#11
Christina Ramirez, Nicole Donnellan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea are common conditions affecting reproductive-age women. Surgical pelvic denervation procedures may be a treatment option for women with midline dysmenorrhea, in which medical management is declined by the patient, ineffective at managing symptoms, or medically contraindicated. This review describes the surgical techniques and complications associated with pelvic denervation procedures as well as the current evidence for these procedures in women with primary dysmenorrhea and dysmenorrhea secondary to endometriosis...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665807/new-paradigms-in-the-conservative-surgical-and-interventional-management-of-adenomyosis
#12
Farah A Alvi, Laura M Glaser, Angela Chaudhari, Susan Tsai, Magdy P Milad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adenomyosis is commonly diagnosed in women of reproductive age. Interest in conservative interventions has grown as more women desire fertility preservation or avoidance of hysterectomy. This review discusses surgical and interventional methods for treatment of symptomatic adenomyosis. The technique, evidence, and utility of each method are described. RECENT FINDINGS: Hysteroscopic ablative techniques are associated with lower morbidity than with hysterectomy but may result in an unacceptable risk of treatment failure...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604402/the-role-of-nonpharmacologic-therapies-in-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-what-to-do-when-surgery-fails
#13
Sara R Till, Heather N Wahl, Sawsan As-Sanie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on nonsurgical and nonpharmacologic strategies for the management of chronic pelvic pain (CPP). RECENT FINDINGS: Effective treatment of patients with CPP requires a multifaceted approach, with thoughtful consideration of surgical, pharmacologic, and nonpharmacologic strategies. Evidence for physical therapy and trigger point injections for treatment of myofascial components of CPP is increasing. Neuromodulation techniques, such as percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation and transcutaneous electrical stimulation, have limited but favorable preliminary data in patients with CPP...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598911/the-minimally-invasive-approach-to-the-symptomatic-isthmocele-what-does-the-literature-say-a-step-by-step-primer-on-laparoscopic-isthmocele-excision-and-repair
#14
Sevgi Sipahi, Kirsten Sasaki, Charles E Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to understand the minimally invasive approach to the excision and repair of an isthmocele. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous small trials and case reports have shown that the minimally invasive approach by hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy can cure symptoms of a uterine isthmocele, including abnormal bleeding, pelvic pain and secondary infertility. A recent larger prospective study has been published that evaluates outcomes of minimally invasive isthmocele repair...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594646/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pelvic-floor-repair
#15
Omar Zwain, Joelle Aoun, David Eisenstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the use and efficacy of minimally invasive surgery in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. This review summarizes surgical options for management of POP with special emphasis on minimally invasive surgical approach and discusses the recent experience and feasibility of integrating robot-assisted technology. RECENT FINDINGS: Minimally invasive approaches have equal efficacy and less morbidity than laparotomy for POP repair, particularly apical prolapse...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582327/a-comprehensive-review-of-asherman-s-syndrome-causes-symptoms-and-treatment-options
#16
Christina A Salazar, Keith Isaacson, Stephanie Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intrauterine adhesions, also known as Asherman's syndrome, can have an impact on both reproductive outcomes and gynaecologic symptoms. Understanding the cause of intrauterine adhesions and the common clinical presentation will increase awareness of the condition and guide the patient to appropriate therapy. Surgical management offers favourable fertility outcomes and is often successful in restoring menstruation. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgical management with hysteroscopic lysis of adhesions is the gold standard for treatment and adopting an office-based approach offers several advantages...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582326/the-sticky-business-of-adhesion-prevention-in-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery
#17
Esther S Han, Stacey A Scheib, Kristin E Patzkowsky, Khara Simpson, Karen C Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The negative impact of postoperative adhesions has long been recognized, but available options for prevention remain limited. Minimally invasive surgery is associated with decreased adhesion formation due to meticulous dissection with gentile tissue handling, improved hemostasis, and limiting exposure to reactive foreign material; however, there is conflicting evidence on the clinical significance of adhesion-related disease when compared to open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery does not guarantee the prevention of adhesions because longer operative times and high insufflation pressure can promote adhesion formation...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562440/vitamin-d-in-human-reproduction
#18
Jason M Franasiak, Evelin E Lara, Antonio Pellicer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with a wide range of human disease states and the global epidemic, particularly in reproductive aged women, has led to a focus on this complex hormones role in human reproduction. Indeed vitamin D receptors are found throughout the reproductive tract in the ovary, endometrium, and the placenta. It has roles both in calcium-dependent and independent pathways. However, agreement upon the most appropriate way to assess vitamin D status and ultimately its activity at various sites has proven challenging...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557831/female-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-fecundity-a-review
#19
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Audrey J Gaskins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been known for their ability to interfere with aspects of hormone action resulting in adverse health consequences among animals and humans; however, the effects of EDCs on human fecundity have shown inconsistent findings. This review summarizes the most recent epidemiologic literature from humans on the potential effects of female exposure to nonpersistent EDCs, specifically bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates, parabens, and triclosan, on fecundity, measured by markers of reproductive hormones, markers of ovulation or ovarian reserve, IVF outcomes, and time-to-pregnancy...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538003/use-of-fertility-medications-and-cancer-risk-a-review-and-update
#20
Lindsay Kroener, Daniel Dumesic, Zain Al-Safi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is increasing use of fertility medications for ovulation induction and ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization in the treatment of female infertility. In this review, recent literature regarding the association between fertility medication and cancer risk is reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Several important publications have recently addressed the relationship between use of fertility medications and cancer risk. There are methodological limitations to many of these studies, including unique challenges in studying rare cancers that often develop several years after the time of fertility medication exposure...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
journal
journal
30434
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"