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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094881/children-with-motor-impairment-related-to-cerebral-palsy-prevalence-severity-and-concurrent-impairments-in-china
#1
Ping He, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor impairment in childhood. This study aimed to examine the prevalence, severity and concurrent impairments of CP-related motor impairment among Chinese children. METHODS: Children with CP-related motor impairment aged 0-17 years were identified through a national population-based survey based on World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Logistic regression models allowing for weights were used to examine individual and family factors in relation to CP-related motor impairment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073179/sleep-duration-and-obesity-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#2
Lian Li, Shuang Zhang, Yubei Huang, Kexin Chen
AIM: Childhood obesity is a major public problem worldwide, and sleep duration may be associated with childhood obesity. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to estimate the associations between sleep duration and obesity/body mass index (BMI) in children. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched. For the meta-analysis, the pooled relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated to reveal the association between short sleep duration and obesity...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073176/parental-perceptions-of-clown-care-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#3
Guillaume Mortamet, Audrey Merckx, Nadia Roumeliotis, Caroline Simonds, Sylvain Renolleau, Philippe Hubert
AIM: The objective of this study was to report family satisfaction with regards to the presence of clowns in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single-centre survey-based study, conducted over 4 months in a 12-bed third level PICU in a university hospital. All parents present at the bedside of their child during clowning were considered as potential participants. Eligible parents were approached by one of the two intensivists as investigators and asked to complete a survey within the 48 h following the clowns' intervention...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073166/low-sugar-nutrition-policies-and-dental-caries-a-study-of-primary-schools-in-south-auckland
#4
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070942/should-we-recommend-exercise-to-adolescents-with-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Sara Radovic, Michael S Gordon, Glenn A Melvin
There is growing interest in the potential role of exercise in the reduction of depressive symptoms. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine whether exercise reduces depressive symptoms amongst depressed adolescents. The following databases were searched on 30 January 2015: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, SPORTDiscuss and PUBMED. Studies were included if they examined exercise interventions amongst adolescents with clinical levels of depressive symptoms, were published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language and contained a control/comparison group...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070908/virilisation-in-siblings-secondary-to-transdermal-bioidentical-testosterone-exposure
#6
Tony Huynh, Catherine I Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058755/characteristics-of-bordetella-pertussis-infection-among-infantsand-children-admitted-to-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-greece-a-multicentre-11-year-study
#7
Maria S Kazantzi, Anargyroula Prezerakou, Serafeia N Kalamitsou, Stavroula Ilia, Panagiotis K Kalabalikis, John Papadatos, Maria M Sdougka, George Briassoulis, Maria N Tsolia
AIM: To describe children with pertussis who required intensive care. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of pertussis admissions to all (six) national intensive care units in Greece from 2003 to 2013. RESULTS: A total of 31 children were included, 28 of whom were younger than 12 months old. Cough was the most prominent symptom, being present in 27 of 31 (87%) patients, and on admission, only 7 (22.6%) satisfied the case definition...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058746/multidimensional-impact-on-families-of-children-with-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#8
Gurdeep S Dhooria, Harmeet P Singh, Deepak Bhat, Harmesh S Bains, Ravinder K Soni, Mohit Kumar
AIM: Children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) have prolonged disease course with relapses requiring frequent visits and prolonged steroid therapy with their long-term concerns. All these factors affect the child and their families in many domains of functioning. The objective of this study was to assess multidimensional impact on families of children with nephrotic syndrome using (PedsQL) Family Impact Module (FIM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a paediatric nephrology clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052570/effects-of-the-youth-fit-4-life-physical-activity-nutrition-protocol-on-body-mass-index-fitness-and-targeted-social-cognitive-theory-variables-in-9-to-12-year-olds-during-after-school-care
#9
James J Annesi, Stephanie M Walsh, Brittney L Greenwood, Nicole Mareno, Jennifer L Unruh-Rewkowski
AIM: Childhood overweight and obesity is unacceptably high in industrialised nations. School-based interventions have largely been atheoretical and ineffective. This study aimed to test a new theory-based protocol for its effects on measures of fitness and body mass index (BMI), and its proposed psychosocial mediators, during elementary after-school (out-of-school hours) care. METHODS: Nine- to 12-year-old participants of YMCA-based after-school care in the southeastern Unites States were randomised into either the experimental Youth Fit 4 Life (YF4L) treatment group (n = 86) or a typical care group (n = 55) for 45 min/day...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052519/efficacy-of-world-health-organization-guideline-in-facility-based-reduction-of-mortality-in-severely-malnourished-children-from-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Muttaquina Hossain, Mohammod J Chisti, Mohammod Iqbal Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Mohammad Munirul Islam, Tahmeed Ahmed
AIM: Globally more than 19 million under-five children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Data on efficacy of World Health Organization's (WHO's) guideline in reducing SAM mortality are limited. We aimed to assess the efficacy of WHO's facility-based guideline for the reduction of under-five SAM children mortality from low and middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A systematic search of literature published in 1980-2015 was conducted using electronic databases...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052445/acute-rheumatic-fever-and-exposure-to-poor-housing-conditionsin-new-zealand-a-descriptive-study
#11
Jane R Oliver, Nevil Pierse, Niki Stefanogiannis, Catherine Jackson, Michael G Baker
AIM: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important public health problem in low- and middle-income countries and in certain populations in high-income countries. Indigenous Australians, and New Zealand Māori and Pacific people, have incidence rates among the highest in the world. We aimed to investigate ARF cases' housing conditions and sore throat treatment to identify opportunities for improving ARF prevention in New Zealand. METHODS: Recently diagnosed cases and their care givers were interviewed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052441/joint-hypermobility-and-oligoarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-what-relationship
#12
Vanessa Cecchin, Francesca Sperotto, Marta Balzarin, Fabio Vittadello, Giorgia Martini, Francesco Zulian
AIM: Oligoarticular onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (oJIA) is characterised by a prevalent lower limb involvement, antinuclear antibodies (ANA) positivity and high risk of anterior uveitis. As we observed that oJIA patients frequently present with joint hypermobility (JH), we investigated whether there was a relationship between oJIA and JH. METHODS: Our series consisted of children with oJIA, as defined by the International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, for whom complete clinical data of at least 2 years' duration were available...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052438/child-with-lethargy-non-specific-abdominal-pain-and-fevers
#13
Vishal Malhotra, Jessica Yabsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052434/developmental-literacy-a-universal-intervention-to-help-children-with-developmental-disorders
#14
Deepa C Jeyaseelan, Michael G Sawyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045215/relationship-between-motor-proficiency-and-body-composition-in-6-to-10-year-old-children
#15
José Marmeleira, Guida Veiga, Hugo Cansado, Armando Raimundo
AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between motor skill competence and body composition of 6- to 10-year-old children. METHODS: Seventy girls and 86 boys participated. Body composition was measured by body mass index and skinfold thickness. Motor proficiency was evaluated through the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form, which included measures of gross motor skills and fine motor skills. RESULTS: Significant associations were found for both sexes between the percentage of body fat and (i) the performance in each gross motor task, (ii) the composite score for gross motor skills and (iii) the motor proficiency score...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045210/documenting-family-history-in-children-with-hypercholesterolaemia-a-lost-opportunity
#16
Tharmarajah Sorubarajan, Barry D Lewis, John R Burnett, Andrew C Martin
AIM: To determine whether information about a family history of hypercholesterolaemia or early cardiovascular disease was documented by paediatricians in children and adolescents with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all children with a LDL-cholesterol level ≥95th percentile (3.4 mmol/L) and ≥99th percentile (3.8 mmol/L) at a tertiary paediatric hospital in 2014. RESULTS: Of 86 children with a LDL-cholesterol level ≥3...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028890/evolution-and-significance-of-the-triple-risk-model-in-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Jade Spinelli, Lyndsey Collins-Praino, Corinna Van Den Heuvel, Roger W Byard
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of death in infants, although the mechanisms leading to death remain unclear. Multiple theories have emerged over time, with one of the most influential hypotheses being the triple risk model. This model, first devised in 1972 and later revised in 1994 by Filiano and Kinney, is still widely used in assisting with conceptualising and understanding sudden death in infancy. This model has evolved over time, with each version stressing that SIDS is likely to occur when certain risk factors coincide, suggesting that the lethal mechanisms in SIDS are likely to be multifactorial...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862541/paediatrician-beliefs-and-practices-around-influenza-vaccination
#18
James P Newcombe, Rajneesh Kaur, Nicholas Wood, Holly Seale, Pamela Palasanthiran, Thomas L Snelling
AIM: The uptake of influenza vaccination in children with high-risk medical conditions continues to be low in Australia and internationally. We aimed to determine Australian paediatricians' beliefs and practices around the influenza vaccination of children. METHODS: This was conducted as a cross sectional survey of paediatricians from two tertiary paediatric hospitals in Sydney. RESULTS: There were 101 participants. Influenza vaccination was not prioritised compared with other vaccines and clinical issues, with fewer than half of respondents strongly agreeing that influenza vaccination was useful...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862529/implementation-of-dextrose-gel-in-the-management-of-neonatal-hypoglycaemia
#19
Marene Ter, Ikhwan Halibullah, Laura Leung, Susan Jacobs
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate dextrose gel in the management of neonatal hypoglycaemia in the postnatal wards at an Australian tertiary level perinatal centre. METHODS: An audit was performed before and after implementation of dextrose gel. Pre-implementation, neonatal hypoglycaemia was managed with feed supplementation alone, and dextrose gel was used in addition to feed supplementation in the post-implementation phase. Outcomes included admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for management of hypoglycaemia, proportion of neonates who achieved normoglycaemia (defined as blood glucose ≥2...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862592/retrograde-continence-enema-in-children-with-spina-bifida-not-as-effective-as-first-thought
#20
Sebastian K King, Lefteris Stathopoulos, Loreto Pinnuck, Judy Wells, John Hutson, Yves Heloury
AIM: The aim of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of Peristeen retrograde continence enema (RCE) in the management of faecal incontinence in children with spina bifida. METHODS: We identified a homogenous group of spina bifida patients in whom RCE was initiated (Jan 2006-July 2013). Confidential assessments included (i) Fecal Incontinence Quality Of Life (FIQOL), (ii) St Marks Faecal Incontinence score, (iii) Cleveland Clinic Constipation score and (iv) Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction score...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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