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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195435/why-do-children-present-to-emergency-departments-exploring-motivators-and-measures-of-presentation-appropriateness-for-children-presenting-to-a-paediatric-emergency-department
#1
John A Cheek, George Braitberg, Simon Craig, Adam West
AIM: To compare the parental motivators and referring general practitioner's (GP's) reasons for advising emergency department (ED) attendance with the assessment of ED medical staff. To compare ED clinician opinion with other published methods that have attempted to define 'primary care suitable' presentations to the ED. METHODS: A prospective observational study and series of surveys regarding the attendance of children presenting to a single tertiary paediatric ED...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194823/personal-smartphones-for-neonatal-diagnostic-imaging-a-prospective-crossover-study
#2
Margreta Westberg, Theresia Vasko, Louise S Owen, Risha Bhatia, Marta Thio Lluch, Susan Donath, Peter G Davis, Jennifer A Dawson
AIM: Neonatal clinicians may be asked to review X-ray images when unable to directly access the original image. Transmitting an X-ray image to a smartphone is a technique increasingly being used by clinicians in a number of settings. Minimal data exist on its use in the neonatal setting. Our aim was to compare the ability of neonatal clinicians to correctly diagnose a pneumothorax from a chest radiograph (CXR) viewed on a smartphone, paralleled with the same image viewed on a computer screen...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186386/investigating-self-efficacy-disease-knowledge-and-adherence-to-treatment-in-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Nicholas R Faint, Janelle M Staton, Stephen M Stick, Juliet M Foster, André Schultz
AIM: Patient adherence is integral to the effectiveness of prescribed treatment, and is associated with beneficial disease outcomes, yet in adolescents with cystic fibrosis, adherence is often sub-optimal. Multiple factors may contribute to treatment adherence, including disease knowledge and self-efficacy. In adolescents with cystic fibrosis: (i) to compare the disease knowledge of adolescents and their parents before transition to adult care; (ii) to determine the relationship between disease knowledge (adolescent, parent) and adherence; and (iii) to evaluate self-efficacy and its association with disease knowledge and adherence...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177168/bell-s-palsy-in-children-current-treatment-patterns-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-predict-study
#4
Franz E Babl, Kaya K Gardiner, Amit Kochar, Catherine L Wilson, Shane A George, Michael Zhang, Jeremy Furyk, Deepali Thosar, John A Cheek, David Krieser, Arjun S Rao, Meredith L Borland, Nicholas Cheng, Natalie T Phillips, Kam K Sinn, Jocelyn M Neutze, Stuart R Dalziel
AIM: The aetiology and clinical course of Bell's palsy may be different in paediatric and adult patients. There is no randomised placebo controlled trial (RCT) to show effectiveness of prednisolone for Bell's palsy in children. The aim of the study was to assess current practice in paediatric Bell's palsy in Australia and New Zealand Emergency Departments (ED) and determine the feasibility of conducting a multicentre RCT within the Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169477/localised-intravascular-coagulation-complicating-venous-malformations-in-children-associations-and-therapeutic-options
#5
REVIEW
Kevin Y Zhuo, Susan Russell, Orli Wargon, Susan Adams
Venous malformations are slow-flow congenital vascular malformations that enlarge as the child ages and may be associated with localised intravascular coagulation, a consumptive coagulopathy characterised by elevated D-dimer and decreased fibrinogen levels. The authors review the known correlations between localised intravascular coagulation and venous malformation number, size and planes involved, and call attention to the concept of the progression of localised intravascular coagulopathy as the child ages and their venous malformations enlarge...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168801/maternal-stress-during-pregnancy-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-during-the-first-two-years-of-life
#6
Kinga Polanska, Anna Krol, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Joanna Jurewicz, Teresa Makowiec-Dabrowska, Flavia Chiarotti, Gemma Calamandrei, Wojciech Hanke
AIM: A growing body of literature documents associations between maternal stress in pregnancy and child development, but findings across studies are often inconsistent. The aim of this study was to estimate the association between exposure to different kinds of prenatal stress and child psychomotor development. METHODS: The study population consisted of 372 mother-child pairs from Polish Mother and Child Cohort. The analysis was restricted to the women who worked at least 1 month during pregnancy period...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168778/clinical-and-psychological-effects-of-excessive-screen-time-on-children
#7
REVIEW
Sophie Domingues-Montanari
Over recent years, screen time has become a more complicated concept, with an ever-expanding variety of electronic media devices available throughout the world. Television remains the predominant type of screen-based activity among children. However, computer use, video games and ownership of devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are occurring from an increasingly young age. Screen time, in particular, television viewing, has been negatively associated with the development of physical and cognitive abilities, and positively associated with obesity, sleep problems, depression and anxiety...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168768/imposing-penalties-for-vaccine-rejection-requires-strong-scrutiny
#8
Julie Leask, Margie Danchin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134479/human-parechovirus-in-infants-an-emerging-virus-in-australia-with-severe-neurodevelopmental-implications
#9
Meghan Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134476/protective-effects-of-breastfeeding-against-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-and-diarrhoea-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#10
Raheema Abdul Raheem, Colin W Binns, Hui J Chih
AIM: The objective of this paper is to identify associations between breastfeeding and acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) and diarrhoea. METHODS: A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the antenatal clinics at Indira Gandhi Memorial and Abdul Rahman Dhon Kaleyfaanu Hospitals. Mothers were interviewed 'face-to-face' at 36 weeks of gestation and at 1, 3 and 6 months after delivery. The questionnaires included demographic information about parents, infant feeding methods and breastfeeding duration...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134474/risk-of-cerebral-palsy-in-chinese-children-a-n-m-matched-case-control-study
#11
Jing Gao, Bin Zhao, Luna He, Meiling Sun, Xuefeng Yu, Lina Wang
AIM: To estimate epidemiological risk factors for cerebral palsy (CP) in children. METHODS: A N:M matched case control study was conducted in 114 persons with CP and 1286 controls. Relevant data were collected using a maternal self-design questionnaire. Univariate logistic regression and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were performed using SPSS. RESULTS: Univariate analysis has yielded 20 significant risk factors for CP...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121046/maternal-hypertensive-disorders-are-associated-with-increased-use-of-respiratory-support-but-not-chronic-lung-disease-or-poorer-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-preterm-neonates-at-29%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestation
#12
Mara Matić, Violet Inati, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Alison L Kent
AIM: To assess whether maternal hypertensive disorders in pregnancies result in higher respiratory requirements, risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) and poorer neurodevelopmental outcome in <29-week premature neonates. METHODS: This is a multicentre, retrospective cohort study, within a geographically defined area in Australia, served by a network of 10 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), consisting of infants <29 weeks of gestational age who were admitted to NICUs between 1998 and 2004...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106322/improving-the-impact-of-obesity-prevention-interventions-in-the-childcare-setting-the-need-for-a-systematic-application-of-implementation-science
#13
Jannah Jones, Sze L Yoong, Rebecca Wyse, Dianne S Ward, Luke Wolfenden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094881/children-with-motor-impairment-related-to-cerebral-palsy-prevalence-severity-and-concurrent-impairments-in-china
#14
Ping He, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of motor impairment in childhood. This study aimed to examine the prevalence, severity and concurrent impairments of CP-related motor impairment among Chinese children. METHODS: Children with CP-related motor impairment aged 0-17 years were identified through a national population-based survey based on World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Logistic regression models allowing for weights were used to examine individual and family factors in relation to CP-related motor impairment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073179/sleep-duration-and-obesity-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#15
Lian Li, Shuang Zhang, Yubei Huang, Kexin Chen
AIM: Childhood obesity is a major public problem worldwide, and sleep duration may be associated with childhood obesity. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to estimate the associations between sleep duration and obesity/body mass index (BMI) in children. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched. For the meta-analysis, the pooled relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated to reveal the association between short sleep duration and obesity...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073176/parental-perceptions-of-clown-care-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#16
Guillaume Mortamet, Audrey Merckx, Nadia Roumeliotis, Caroline Simonds, Sylvain Renolleau, Philippe Hubert
AIM: The objective of this study was to report family satisfaction with regards to the presence of clowns in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single-centre survey-based study, conducted over 4 months in a 12-bed third level PICU in a university hospital. All parents present at the bedside of their child during clowning were considered as potential participants. Eligible parents were approached by one of the two intensivists as investigators and asked to complete a survey within the 48 h following the clowns' intervention...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073166/low-sugar-nutrition-policies-and-dental-caries-a-study-of-primary-schools-in-south-auckland
#17
Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield
AIM: The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy. METHODS: Records of caries of the primary and adult teeth were obtained between 2007 and 2014 for children attending Yendarra, and were compared to those of eight other public schools in the area, with a similar demographic profile...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070942/should-we-recommend-exercise-to-adolescents-with-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Sara Radovic, Michael S Gordon, Glenn A Melvin
There is growing interest in the potential role of exercise in the reduction of depressive symptoms. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine whether exercise reduces depressive symptoms amongst depressed adolescents. The following databases were searched on 30 January 2015: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, SPORTDiscuss and PUBMED. Studies were included if they examined exercise interventions amongst adolescents with clinical levels of depressive symptoms, were published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language and contained a control/comparison group...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070908/virilisation-in-siblings-secondary-to-transdermal-bioidentical-testosterone-exposure
#19
Tony Huynh, Catherine I Stewart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058755/characteristics-of-bordetella-pertussis-infection-among-infantsand-children-admitted-to-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-greece-a-multicentre-11-year-study
#20
Maria S Kazantzi, Anargyroula Prezerakou, Serafeia N Kalamitsou, Stavroula Ilia, Panagiotis K Kalabalikis, John Papadatos, Maria M Sdougka, George Briassoulis, Maria N Tsolia
AIM: To describe children with pertussis who required intensive care. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of pertussis admissions to all (six) national intensive care units in Greece from 2003 to 2013. RESULTS: A total of 31 children were included, 28 of whom were younger than 12 months old. Cough was the most prominent symptom, being present in 27 of 31 (87%) patients, and on admission, only 7 (22.6%) satisfied the case definition...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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