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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

Kim Oates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Marie Rauter, Anagha Jayakar, Tom Clemens, Zaharenia Galanos, Louise Newbery, Andrew Whelan
AIM: To compare the health of 4- to 6-year-old children in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Southern Tasmania with their peers. METHODS: Demographic and health data collection and prospective health assessment of all 4- to 6-year olds in OOHC in Southern Tasmania on 30 August 2011 was undertaken. Data were compared to Tasmanian and/or Australian peers. RESULTS: A total of 109 of 129 children aged 4 to 6 years were included in the study. Time in OOHC was on average 38 (range 0-76) months...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Daniel Arnold, Michael Otim, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
AIM: The majority of Australia's Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander children live in urban areas; however, little is known about their health service use. We aimed to describe health service utilisation amongst a cohort of urban Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander children aged <5 years. METHODS: We analysed health service utilisation data collected in an ongoing prospective cohort study of children aged <5 years registered with an Aboriginal-owned and operated primary health-care service...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Rozina Nuruddin, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Dolores Garcia-Arenas, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Ruthy Acosta-Rojas
AIM: To compare macronutrient and fibre intake by pre-school children born with intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) or as appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to compare their intake with paediatric nutritional recommendations for identification of potential areas of modification during early life. METHODS: A parental 3-day dietary record was obtained for children of age 1-6 years, born at Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (2002-2007) with IUGR (n = 37) or AGA (n = 53)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sarah K McQuillan, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Sonia R Grover
AIM: To audit the clinical features and outcomes for all patients referred to our centre with concerns regarding labial appearance. METHODS: Young females referred to a paediatric/adolescent gynaecology tertiary centre between 2000 and 2012 with concerns regarding their labial appearance were retrospectively identified. Adolescents presenting with anomalies were excluded. Retrospective chart review was undertaken to identify reasons for referral, patient characteristics, outcome of referral and concurrent health problems...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Joel M Don Paul, Elizabeth J Perkins, Prue M Pereira-Fantini, Asha Suka, Olivia Farrell, Julia K Gunn, Anushi E Rajapaksa, David G Tingay
AIM: Maintaining normothermia is a tenet of neonatal care. However, neonatal thermal care guidelines applicable to intra-hospital transport beyond the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and during surgery or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are lacking. The aim of this study is to determine the proportion of infants normothermic (36.5-37.5°C) on return to NICU after management during surgery and MRI, and during standard clinical care in both environments. METHODS: Sixty-two newborns requiring either surgery in the operating theatre (OT) (n = 41) or an MRI scan (n = 21) at the Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne) NICU were prospectively studied...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Anastasia Phillips, Frank Beard, Kristine Macartney, Jocelyn Chan, Robin Gilmour, Gemma Saravanos, Peter McIntyre
AIM: To identify and describe potentially vaccine-preventable child deaths in New South Wales (NSW). METHODS: Child deaths in NSW from 2005 to 2014 potentially preventable by vaccination were identified from the NSW Child Death Register (maintained by the NSW Ombudsman) and the Notifiable Conditions Information Management System (NSW Health). Medical and post-mortem records were reviewed. Cases were classified as vaccine-preventable based on the strength of evidence for the relevant infection causing death and likelihood that death was preventable through vaccination...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Maya Siman-Tov, Kobi Peleg, Orna Baron-Epel
AIM: To measure individual and environmental risk factors predicting reported child injuries. METHODS: A prospective, follow-up study was performed including 380 parents of children aged 1-6 years, living in various communities throughout Israel. Parents were interviewed three times, 3 months apart. Injuries were defined as including minor injuries that required parental attention and medically attended injuries: doctor or nurse visit, emergency medical services or hospitalisation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sukanya De, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Jillian R Sewell, Patrina Hy Caldwell
AIM: To describe the prevalence and consultation characteristics of enuresis in Australian paediatric practice and assess for changes over a period of 5 years. METHODS: Data collected prospectively by paediatricians (outpatient settings) in 2008 and 2013, as part of the Children Attending Paediatricians Study. Consultations on children aged 5 years or over were included. Consultations in each cohort (2008 and 2013) categorised as either listing or not listing enuresis...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Sharon Reid, Carolyn A Day, David G Bowen, Jeannie Minnis, Joanne Ludlow, Sue Jacobs, Adrienne Gordon, Paul S Haber
AIM: To investigate hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing patterns and engagement with health care for women positive for HCV antibodies (anti-HCV) in pregnancy and their children through pregnancy and the first 2 years of the child's life. METHODS: At a large inner-city Australian hospital from 2010 to 2012, anti-HCV positive pregnant women were recruited into a cohort study from pregnancy to 2 years post-delivery. Maternal and child data were collected by questionnaire and medical record extraction...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Daryl Efron, Christos Symeonides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Silvia Ferranti, Elisabetta Grande, Carla Gaggiano, Salvatore Grosso
Intoxications, both accidental and intentional, are common in children and adolescents and often require hospitalisation and intensive treatment. Antiepileptic drugs are a possible cause of poisoning and intoxications because this category of medications has shown a rising trend in recent years. They might be responsible for multi-organ dysfunctions of variable severity, ranging from subtle symptoms to life-threatening complications. No guidelines on the management of these intoxications in the paediatric population are currently available, and treatment is mainly supportive...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Lit Kim Chin, John Doan, Yvonne Sl Teoh, Alice Stewart, Peter Forrest, Peter J Simm
AIM: To assess the current protocol of metabolic bone disease (MBD) at three Monash Health neonatal units (Melbourne, Australia). METHODS: Retrospective audit of 171 infants born at <32 weeks' gestation over 18 months. Mean gestational age was 28.6 ± 2.1 weeks, and birthweight was 1190 ± 374 g. Risk factors of MBD include intra-uterine growth retardation (n = 33, 19.3%), maternal pre-eclampsia (n = 17, 9.9%), necrotising enterocolitis (n = 9, 5...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
David Isaacs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Joyce Ching Mei Lam, Sally Campbell, Chris Barnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Kiranjit K Joshi, Martin de Bock, Catherine Cs Choong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Alexia S Peña, Michael Metz
The diagnostic criteria for adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been derived from adult criteria, which makes diagnosis challenging as criteria include normal physiological events that occur during puberty such as acne, hirsutism, menstrual irregularities, high androgen levels and polycystic ovarian morphology on pelvic ultrasound. The only criteria that applies from the adult criteria is exclusion of other conditions that mimic PCOS. Clinical findings consistent with hyperandrogenaemia during adolescence include inflammatory acne, hirsutism, alopecia and/or menstrual irregularities, which are severe and present 2 years after menarche...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Soyhan Baǧci, Elif Keleş, Feyza Girgin, Dinçer R Yıldızdaş, Özden Ö Horoz, Nilüfer Yalındağ, Murat Tanyıldız, Benan Bayrakçi, Gökhan Kalkan, Başak N Akyıldız, Alper Köker, Tolga Köroğlu, Ayşe B Anıl, Neslihan Zengin, Ener Ç Dinleyici, Eylem Kıral, Oğuz Dursun, Süleyman Tolga Yavuz, Peter Bartmann, Andreas Müller
AIM: Although early enteral nutrition (EN) is strongly associated with lower mortality in critically ill children, there is no consensus on the definition of early EN. The aim of this study was to evaluate our current practice supplying EN and to identify factors that affect both the initiation of feeding within 24 h after paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and the adequate supply of EN in the first 48 h after PICU admission in critically ill children. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicentre, observational study in nine PICUs in Turkey...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Rosalie J Hornung, Peter W Reed, Fran Mouat, Craig Jefferies, Alistair J Gunn, Paul L Hofman
AIM: To review indications and use of angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitor (ACEI) therapy for the treatment of persistent microalbuminuria (MA) and/or hypertension (HTN) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of adolescent patients with T1DM seen within the paediatric diabetes service in Auckland, New Zealand, from 2006 to 2016. MA, HTN, patient demographic characteristics and ACEI prescribing and monitoring indices were examined...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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