journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437025/effectiveness-of-paracetamol-versus-ibuprofen-administration-in-febrile-children-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Kaajal Narayan, Simon Cooper, Julia Morphet, Kelli Innes
AIM: The use of antipyretics to manage the febrile child is becoming increasingly popular. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are the most commonly used interventions to manage fever in children; however, there have been no comparative analyses. The aim of the study is to evaluate the evidence comparing paracetamol to ibuprofen in the treatment of fever in children. METHODS: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials investigating the administration of oral paracetamol and ibuprofen to reduce fever in children...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436124/characteristics-and-respiratory-risk-profile-of-children-aged-less-than-5-years-presenting-to-an-urban-aboriginal-friendly-comprehensive-primary-health-practice-in-australia
#2
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Melissa Dunbar, Daniel Arnold, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
AIM: There are no published data on factors impacting on acute respiratory illness (ARI) among urban Indigenous children. We describe the characteristics and respiratory risk profile of young urban Indigenous children attending an Aboriginal-friendly primary health-care practice. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data collected at baseline in a cohort study investigating ARI in urban Indigenous children aged less than 5 years registered with an Aboriginal primary health-care service...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436060/pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-neurological-impairment-a-patient-group-with-a-management-dilemma
#3
Karim Awad, Melissa Short, Anindya Niyogi, Gareth Hosie, Alok Godse
AIM: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is uncommon in school-age children. We studied a cohort of neurologically impaired school-age children with PI to formulate an optimum management plan. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all school-age children who were referred to paediatric surgeons with radiological evidence of PI identified between 2011 and 2015. We analysed data on patient demographics, medications, feeding, associated comorbidities, presentation, investigations and treatments...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430397/respiratory-virus-detection-during-hospitalisation-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children-under-2-years-in-south-auckland-new-zealand
#4
Adrian A Trenholme, Emma J Best, Alison M Vogel, Joanna M Stewart, Charissa J Miller, Diana R Lennon
AIM: To describe respiratory virus detection in children under 2 years of age in a population admitted with lower respiratory infection and to assess correlation with measures of severity. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal aspirates from infants admitted with lower respiratory tract infection (n = 1645) over a 3-year time period were tested by polymerase chain reaction. We collected epidemiological and clinical data on all children. We assessed the correlation of presence of virus with length of hospital stay, intensive care admission and consolidation on chest X-ray...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430383/assessment-of-disease-specific-knowledge-in-australian-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-their-parents
#5
Andrew S Day, Gaithri Mylvaganam, Nollaig Shalloo, Cathy Clarkson, Steven T Leach, Daniel A Lemberg
AIMS: Disease-specific knowledge may influence disease outcome and quality of life in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This prospective study aimed to define IBD-related knowledge in a group of Australian children with IBD and their parents using a validated measure of disease-specific knowledge, the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Knowledge Inventory Device (IBD-KID). METHODS: Children (less than 18 years) diagnosed with IBD who were members of the Australian patient support organisation were identified...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425627/relationship-between-parent-knowledge-of-child-sleep-and-child-sleep-practices-and-problems-a-pilot-study-in-a-children-s-hospital-cohort
#6
Philippa S McDowall, Dawn E Elder, Angela J Campbell
AIM: To describe parent reports of sleep practices, and examine associations with parent knowledge of child sleep, and whether children's sleep practices differ between parents who underestimated, overestimated or accurately estimated children's sleep needs. METHODS: Parents of children aged 2-12 years (n = 115) attending hospital inpatient or day wards were approached and asked to report child sleep routines, sleep problems, parent education, household income and parent knowledge of child sleep via questionnaire...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425590/role-of-upper-gastrointestinal-contrast-studies-for-suspected-malrotation-in-neonatal-population
#7
Suresh Birajdar, Shripada C Rao, Fiona Bettenay
AIM: Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) contrast study is the preferred radiological investigation to diagnose malrotation of intestine. We aimed to review the role of UGI contrast in neonates (term and preterm) who were clinically suspected to have malrotation. METHODS: The study included a retrospective review of medical charts and radiology reports. RESULTS: A total of 164 newborn infants underwent UGI contrast study to rule out malrotation during the study period (2006-2015)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421643/empiric-antibiotic-regimens-for-neonatal-sepsis-in-australian-and-new-zealand-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#8
Jeremy P Carr, David P Burgner, Rohan S Hardikar, Jim P Buttery
AIM: Neonatal sepsis remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality, and requires prompt empiric treatment. However, only a minority of babies who receive antibiotics for suspected sepsis have an infection. Antimicrobial exposure in infancy has important short- and long-term consequences. There is no consensus regarding empirical antimicrobial regimens. METHODS: The study included a survey of empiric antimicrobial regimens in all tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand in 2013-2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407334/time-to-cranial-computerised-tomography-for-acute-traumatic-brain-injury-in-paediatric-patients-effect-of-the-shorter-stays-in-emergency-departments-target-in-new-zealand
#9
Peter G Jones, Bridget Kool, Stuart Dalziel, Michael Shepherd, James Le Fevre, Alana Harper, Susan Wells, Joanna Stewart, Elana Curtis, Papaarangi Reid, Shanthi Ameratunga
AIM: Timely access to computerised tomography (CT) for acute traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) facilitates rapid diagnosis and surgical intervention. In 2009, New Zealand introduced a mandatory target for emergency department (ED) stay such that 95% of patients should leave ED within 6 h of arrival. This study investigated whether this target influenced the timeliness of cranial CT scanning in children who presented to ED with acute TBI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a random sample of charts of children <15 years with acute TBI from 2006 to 2012...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398695/social-disadvantage-and-developmental-diagnosis-in-pre-schoolers
#10
Norma Kayrouz, Susan L Milne, Jenny L McDonald
AIM: To explore the association between social disadvantage and developmental diagnoses in pre-school children. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 845 pre-school children were assessed by the Child Assessment Team at Campbelltown Hospital. A social worker interviewed 469 families and these children were eligible for inclusion in the study. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was confirmed in 290 children. Of those without ASD, 72 did not have global developmental delay (GDD) and were excluded from the study...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398692/seven-versus-10-days-antibiotic-therapy-for-culture-proven-neonatal-sepsis-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Smriti Rohatgi, Pooja Dewan, Mohammad Moonis Akbar Faridi, Ashwani Kumar, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, Prerna Batra
AIM: Optimal duration of parenteral antibiotics for treating neonatal sepsis ranges from 7-14 days. We compared the efficacy of 7 versus 10 days duration of intravenous antibiotics for neonatal septicaemia. METHODS: We randomised blood culture-proven septic neonates (≥32 weeks and birth weight ≥1.5 kg) to receive either 7 or 10 days duration of intravenous antibiotics. We followed up neonates upto 28 days after stopping antibiotics for treatment failure defined by reappearance of clinical sepsis with a blood culture growing the same organism as cultured earlier, or in the absence of a positive culture, the presence of C-reactive protein and as adjudicated by an expert committee...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398690/use-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-young-people-entering-custody-in-new-south-wales-australia
#12
Leigh Haysom, Dianne Lawrence, Donna Mellish, Peter Burns, Pariza Khale, Ariana Arulampalam, Catherine Stapylton
AIM: To describe the prevalence of nicotine dependence and acceptance of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in young people entering custody, where smoking is not allowed. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 2013. SETTING: All New South Wales Juvenile Justice Centres. PARTICIPANTS: Incarcerated youth, aged 12-21 years. MAIN EXPOSURES: gender, age, ethnicity, cannabis use. MAIN OUTCOMES: rates of smoking, cannabis use, nicotine dependence, NRT acceptance...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398658/challenges-of-paediatric-organ-donation
#13
REVIEW
Ben Gelbart
Paediatric organ donation represents a small fraction of overall organ donation in Australia and New Zealand and indeed world-wide. Many factors contribute to low donation rates including low paediatric intensive care mortality, consent rates and medical suitability relating to disease, age and size. In the past decade, the re-emergence of donation after circulatory death has changed the landscape for the paediatric population. This article reviews the current status and challenges of organ donation for the paediatric population...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394088/dietary-behaviours-and-the-mental-well-being-of-new-zealand-adolescents
#14
'Ilaisaane Puloka, Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Terry Fleming
AIM: To examine the associations between diet and mental health indicators in adolescents. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Youth 2012 survey, a national survey of the health and well-being of adolescents in New Zealand (n = 8500). Multiple regression models were used to determine the associations between healthy and unhealthy eating and mental health indicators while adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity, small area deprivation and household poverty as covariates...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387976/physical-punishment-sanctioned-violence-against-children
#15
David Forbes
Australian society continues to support physical punishment of children and is currently conducting a Royal Commission unto violence against children in custody. By contrast, New Zealand has banned physical punishment of children. Australian society needs to address this issue.
April 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387969/amlodipine-the-double-edged-sword
#16
Fatma Rabah, Mohamed El-Naggari, Dana Al-Nabhani
AIM: Amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker became one of the most popular antihypertensive medications used in the paediatric population. This is mainly due to its long half-life making it easy to use as a single daily dose. Amlodipine is associated with common side effects like flushing, headache and dizziness. The incidence of amlodipine-related oedema was noted to be lower in the paediatric population compared to adults. We emphasise the importance of monitoring the development of oedema in patients treated with amlodipine...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383828/associations-between-arterial-structure-and-function-and-serum-levels-of-liver-enzymes-in-obese-adolescents
#17
Elim Man, Pik-To Cheung, Yiu-Fai Cheung
AIM: To determine the structural and functional alterations of systemic arteries in obese adolescents and their relationships with adiposity, metabolic and lipid profile, and serum liver enzyme levels. METHODS: Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid stiffness index, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) were measured in 56 obese adolescents and 58 lean controls. Obese adolescents had additional liver ultrasound and determination of fasting blood indices of glucose metabolism and lipid profile, and serum levels of liver enzymes...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383200/disease-burden-research-match-registered-trials-in-child-health-from-low-and-middle-income-and-high-income-countries
#18
Pathma D Joseph, Patrina Hy Caldwell, Elizabeth H Barnes, Jonathan C Craig
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a match between the health problems that children face and the clinical trials that are being conducted, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: All trials on the World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry Platform registered from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed. The disease-specific focus of registered trials for children was compared to the global burden of disease for 2011 using World Health Organisation disability-adjusted life-year data...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376293/glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-g6pd-deficient-infants-enzyme-activity-and-gene-variants-as-risk-factors-for-phototherapy-in-the-first-week-of-life
#19
Fei-Liang Wong, Azlin Ithnin, Ainoon Othman, Fook-Choe Cheah
AIM: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a recognised cause of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia, and identifying which infants are at risk could optimise care and resources. In this study, we determined if G6PD enzyme activity (EA) and certain gene variants were associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia requiring phototherapy during the first week after birth. METHODS: Newborn infants with G6PD deficiency and a group with normal results obtained by the fluorescent spot test were selected for analyses of G6PD EA and the 10 commonly encountered G6PD mutations in this region, relating these with whether the infants required phototherapy before discharge from the hospital in the first week...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374573/agreement-between-concern-about-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-the-time-of-referral-and-diagnosis-and-factors-associated-with-agreement
#20
Bee H Lo, Felicity Klopper, Elizabeth H Barnes, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study examined the level of agreement between referral reason and diagnostic outcome for pre-school aged children showing developmental delays and differences. In particular, the level of agreement when there was concern about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was investigated. METHODS: Clinical records for children (n = 677) assessed for developmental concerns at a multidisciplinary assessment clinic in Sydney, Australia, were examined. Referral reason and diagnostic outcome were compared...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
journal
journal
30416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"