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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639711/late-onset-congenital-dermal-melanocytosis-mongolian-blue-spots-confused-as-child-abuse-are-there-more-lessons-to-be-learnt
#1
Trupti Prasad, Joanna Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636263/acute-bilateral-myopia-caused-by-lamotrigine-induced-uveal-effusions
#2
Ian R Woodcock, Lauren E Taylor, Jonathan B Ruddle, Jeremy L Freeman, Gabriel Dabscheck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618045/clean-catch-urine-collection-time-taken-and-diagnostic-implication-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Shidan Tosif, Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Sandy M Hopper, Monsurul Hoq, Susan Donath, Franz E Babl
AIM: Clean catch urine (CCU) collection is commonly used in pre-continent children. CCU can be time-consuming and specimens may be contaminated. Our aim was to determine the time taken for CCU attempts and to describe the success of this method in diagnosing or excluding urinary tract infection. METHODS: Prospective observational study of CCU in pre-continent children aged 2-48 months in the emergency department. Time taken until urine collection, 'successful' (voided and caught), 'missed' (voided not caught) or the procedure 'stopped', were recorded and urine culture results analysed...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608485/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-food-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Andrew T Fong, Constance H Katelaris, Brynn Wainstein
Food allergy is an increasing phenomenon in Australia, with most recent reports of food allergy occurring in 1 in 12 children. A number of studies have demonstrated that children and adolescents with food allergies experience a decreased quality of life across a number of domains. More recent evidence suggests that this population also experiences an increased occurrence of bullying compared to similar school-aged children. Some individuals have reported being bullied because of their allergies, whilst others have reported specific allergy-related-bullying, such as being touched with foods that they are allergic to or having their food being intentionally contaminated with an allergen...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603870/advice-about-infant-feeding-for-allergy-prevention-a-confusing-picture-for-australian-consumers
#5
Merryn J Netting, Katrina J Allen
AIM: Early feeding plays an important role in programming the immune system, particularly the risk of food allergy. There are many infant feeding guides published for consumers available in Australia, with most based on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2012 Infant Feeding Guidelines for Health Workers and the Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA) Infant Feeding Advice for allergy prevention. We sought to compare allergy-specific content of infant feeding educational material written for parents with these two documents...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600859/health-status-of-marginalised-young-people-in-unstable-accommodation
#6
Emily Klineberg, Veronica Vatiliotis, Melissa Kang, Sharon Medlow, Lucinda Sullivan, Michael Cummings, Graeme Pringle, Katharine Steinbeck
AIM: More than 26 000 Australians aged 12-24 years experience homelessness, yet data on the health status of homeless youth remain limited. The aim of this study was to describe the health of young people attending a youth health service in Western Sydney who were experiencing homelessness. METHODS: Retrospective case note review for clients aged 12-25 years attending Youth Health Services in Western Sydney. Extracted data included: homelessness status; demographics; physical health issues; mental health issues; involvement with juvenile justice; and disengagement from education or employment...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600851/neonatal-surgery-in-a-developing-country-outcome-of-co-ordinated-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#7
Sebastian O Ekenze, Victor O Modekwe, Obinna V Ajuzieogu, Isaac O Asinobi, Jubril Sanusi
AIM: Neonatal surgery in low-income and middle-income countries has a poorer outcome when compared with high-income countries. This study evaluated the management challenges and outcomes of neonatal surgery before and after the introduction of focused interdisciplinary team management in 2013. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed neonatal surgery undertaken at two referral hospitals in Enugu, south-eastern Nigeria from January 2011 to November 2015. Cases managed prior to July 2013 (group A) were compared with those managed from July 2013 (group B)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589677/telehealth-in-paediatric-surgery-accuracy-of-clinical-decisions-made-by-videoconference
#8
Grace L Brownlee, Liam J Caffery, Craig A McBride, Bhaveshkumar Patel, Anthony C Smith
AIM: Telehealth is a useful method of providing specialist consultation to a geographically diverse population. Canadian studies of telehealth for paediatric surgery demonstrate good accuracy, but have low numbers of cryptorchid patients in their cohorts. Our aim was to confirm Canadian studies for our cohort and to assess accuracy regarding cryptorchidism. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of patients seen via paediatric surgical telehealth over a 12-month period, to determine accuracy of telediagnosis with respect to face-to-face diagnosis and plan...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589638/inter-observer-reliability-in-reading-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalogram-in-the-newborn-intensive-care-unit
#9
Bhavesh Mehta, Nadine Griffiths, Kaye Spence, Sharon Laing
AIM: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is widely used in neonates to detect electrical seizure and predict outcome following hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and other encephalopathy. Because accurate interpretation is important for clinical decision-making and family counselling, inter-observer reliability is a major concern. We aimed to evaluate inter-observer reliability in the interpretation of aEEG tracings in a neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Three neonatal intensive care unit clinicians with different levels of experience in reading aEEG independently reviewed and scored aEEG traces using standardised criteria, categories and interpretation rules...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568906/effect-of-iron-supplementation-in-children-with-breath-holding-spells
#10
Rahul Jain, Divin Omanakuttan, Amitabh Singh, Mamta Jajoo
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of iron supplementation in children with breath holding spells, irrespective of their iron status and study the factors associated with the response. METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study. Study population comprised of patients aged 6-36 months, attending a paediatric outpatient department with recurrent episodes (more than three in last 4 weeks) of breath holding spells. Children with loss of consciousness or convulsive movements associated with breath holding spells were considered as severe...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568681/asthma-bones-and-corticosteroids-are-inhaled-corticosteroids-associated-with-fractures-in-children-with-asthma
#11
Saskia E Zieck, Johnson George, Brooke A Blakeley, Liam Welsh, Simon James, Sarath Ranganathan, Peter Simm, Angelina Lim
AIM: The prevalence of asthma worldwide among older children varies between 10 and 20%. One of the most effective therapies to treat asthma and prevent exacerbations is inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). Systemic corticosteroids are known to decrease bone mineral density and increase the risk of fractures among children, but little is known about the effect of ICSs on fracture risk in children with asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the fracture rates in children with asthma using ICSs...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560731/vaccine-discussions-with-parents-the-experience-of-australian-paediatricians
#12
Jessica Costa-Pinto, Harold W Willaby, Julie Leask, Nicholas Wood, Helen Marshall, Margie Danchin
AIM: Health-care providers are crucial in maintaining parental confidence in vaccination. Health-care providers are the most commonly accessed resource by parents for vaccine-related information and are highly trusted. We investigated paediatricians' (i) frequency of vaccine discussions; (ii) specific vaccine-related topics discussed; (iii) perceived role in childhood vaccination; (iv) challenges faced when having discussions; (v) confidence in vaccine-related knowledge and communication skills; and (vi) interest in online education and training...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560715/incomplete-kawasaki-disease-presenting-as-bilateral-hip-synovitis
#13
Ellen V Manlongat, Wendy C Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557106/clinical-feasibility-of-pre-operative-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-infants-undergoing-open-heart-surgery
#14
Miranda Campbell, Bridgette Rabbidge, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski
AIM: Assessing the neurodevelopmental status of infants with congenital heart disease before surgery provides a means of identifying those at heightened risk of developmental delay. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting clinical feasibility of pre-operative neurodevelopmental assessment of infants undergoing early open heart surgery. METHODS: Infants who underwent open heart surgery prior to 4 months of age participated in this cross-sectional study...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556448/non-typhoidal-salmonella-infections-in-children-review-of-literature-and-recommendations-for-management
#15
REVIEW
Sophie Ch Wen, Emma Best, Clare Nourse
Non-typhoidal Salmonellae are a major cause of infectious diarrhoea worldwide and can cause invasive diseases, including bacteraemia, meningitis and osteomyelitis. Young or immunocompromised children and those with underlying conditions such as sickle cell disease are particularly vulnerable to invasive disease. There has been an increase in the rate of resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella, which is associated with invasive disease and hospitalisation. The intracellular nature of non-typhoidal Salmonella protects against extracellular antibiotics and can facilitate disease relapse, particularly meningitis...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556367/refugee-children-and-their-health-development-and-well-being-over-the-first-year-of-settlement-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Karen Zwi, Santuri Rungan, Susan Woolfenden, Lisa Woodland, Pamela Palasanthiran, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study aimed to describe refugee children, their families and settlement characteristics, and how their development and social-emotional well-being change over time. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of 61 refugee children (6 months to 15 years) in an Australian setting, over 2009-2013 and measured child, family and settlement factors as well as physical health, development and social-emotional well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544665/humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-bronchiolitis-reduces-need-for-invasive-ventilation-but-not-intensive-care-admission
#17
Chong Tien Goh, Lynette J Kirby, David N Schell, Jonathan R Egan
AIM: To describe the changes to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission patterns and ventilation requirements for children with bronchiolitis following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen outside the PICU. METHODS: Retrospective study comparing patients <24 months of age with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis admitted to the PICU. A comparison was made between those before humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2008) to those immediately following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2011) and those following further consolidation of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use outside the PICU (year 2013)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514046/systematic-review-early-infant-feeding-practices-and-the-risk-of-wheat-allergy
#18
Anna Chmielewska, Małgorzata Pieścik-Lech, Raanan Shamir, Hania Szajewska
AIM: Wheat is a common allergen. Early feeding practices (breastfeeding, potentially allergenic foods) might affect the risk of allergy. To systematically evaluate the association between early feeding practices and the risk of wheat allergy and sensitisation. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies of any design up to July 2015. RESULTS: We included seven studies (five observational, low to moderate quality, two randomised controlled trials (RCTs), high quality)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513891/haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-long-term-health-outcomes-and-patient-perspectives
#19
Adrian Ys Lee, Katie Frith, Lilian Schneider, John B Ziegler
AIM: To examine the long-term follow-up and health outcomes of patients who have undergone haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). METHODS: Through a structured questionnaire, we examined follow-up arrangements and long-term health outcomes in 22 children who have had a successful HSCT for SCID during the period of 1984-2012 at the Sydney Children's Hospital, Sydney, Australia. RESULTS: Most children considered themselves healthy and 'cured' from SCID...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513890/risk-of-hospitalisation-after-early-revisit-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Giorgio Cozzi, Sergio Ghirardo, Ilaria Fiorese, Ilaria Proietti, Lorenzo Monasta, Marta Minute, Egidio Barbi, Lorenzo Calligaris
AIM: Early-revisits are frequent in the paediatric emergency department (ED) setting, but few data are available about early-revisited patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the hospitalisation rate of a population of early-revisited patients and to detect if an early-revisited patient was at risk of a more severe disease. METHODS: Between June 2014 and January 2015, we conducted a retrospective cohort study, considering all patients presented to the ED of a tertiary level children's hospital in Italy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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