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Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727197/influence-of-weather-on-incidence-of-bronchiolitis-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
Tobias Hoeppner, Meredith Borland, Franz E Babl, Jocelyn Neutze, Natalie Phillips, David Krieser, Stuart R Dalziel, Andrew Davidson, Susan Donath, Kim Jachno, Mike South, Amanda Williams, Guicheng Zhang, Ed Oakley
AIM: We aimed to examine the impact of weather on hospital admissions with bronchiolitis in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: We collected data for inpatient admissions of infants aged 2-12 months to seven hospitals in four cities in Australia and New Zealand from 2009 until 2011. Correlation of hospital admissions with minimum daily temperature, wind speed, relative humidity and rainfall was examined using linear, Poisson and negative binomial regression analyses as well as general estimated equation models...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727196/insulin-regimens-for-newly-diagnosed-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-survey-of-current-practice
#2
Dharrshinee Selvakumar, Hesham S Al-Sallami, Martin de Bock, Geoffrey R Ambler, Paul Benitez-Aguirre, Esko Wiltshire, Elaine Tham, Peter Simm, Louise S Conwell, Phillipa J Carter, Benjamin B Albert, Jinny Willis, Benjamin J Wheeler
AIM: There is no consensus on the optimal insulin treatment for children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aims of this study were (i) to describe the insulin regimens used at diagnosis by patient age and geographical region and (ii) to explore differences between and within Australia (AU) and New Zealand (NZ) with regards to other aspects of patient management and education. METHODS: An online survey of medical professionals caring for children with T1DM in AU and NZ was undertaken...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722150/lessons-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-children
#3
Catherine Cole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695671/duodenal-duplication-cyst-causing-recurrent-pancreatitis
#4
Kiarash Taghavi, Heath Wilms, Simon Bann, Mark D Stringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691763/on-being-a-fat-medical-student-at-the-start-of-our-metabolism-module
#5
Isabelle Lomax-Sawyers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691745/prospective-evaluation-of-the-whitt-neonatal-trigger-score-in-an-at-risk-neonatal-population
#6
Anna Robinson, Lucinda C Winckworth, Georgios Eleftheriou, Rebecca Hewitson, Harriet Holme
AIM: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the Whitt Neonatal Trigger Score (W-NTS), determining optimum threshold scores for consideration of medical intervention and intensive care unit admission. METHODS: All neonates on the postnatal ward (PNW) with a set of pre-defined risk factors were scored on the W-NTS. Neonates were divided into three groups: 'unwell' admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); 'well', who remained on the PNW receiving standard care; and 'intervention', who received antibiotics but did not require admission to NICU...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688160/unilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-after-surgical-closure-of-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#7
Pramod Pharande, Sathiyapriya Karthigeyan, Karen Walker, Daphne D'Cruz, Nadia Badawi, Melissa Luig, David Winlaw, Himanshu Popat
AIM: Left vocal cord paralysis (LVCP) is variably reported post ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Our objective was to determine the incidence of LVCP and identify predictive factors and associated morbidities in preterm infants post PDA ligation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of infants less than 29 weeks gestational age from 2006 to 2014 who underwent PDA ligation. Infants with laryngeal symptoms underwent flexible fibreoptic nasopharyngolaryngoscopy to evaluate vocal cord function...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675575/clinical-implications-of-transient-myeloproliferative-disorder-in-a-neonate-without-down-syndrome-features
#8
Vickyanne Carruthers, Mario Nicola, Parvathy Venugopal, Christopher N Hahn, Hamish S Scott, Tamas Revesz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675548/neopuff-t-piece-resuscitator-mask-ventilation-does-mask-leak-vary-with-different-peak-inspiratory-pressures-in-a-manikin-model
#9
Rajesh Maheshwari, Mark Tracy, Murray Hinder, Audrey Wright
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare mask leak with three different peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) settings during T-piece resuscitator (TPR; Neopuff) mask ventilation on a neonatal manikin model. METHODS: Participants were neonatal unit staff members. They were instructed to provide mask ventilation with a TPR with three PIP settings (20, 30, 40 cm H2 O) chosen in a random order. Each episode was for 2 min with 2-min rest period. Flow rate and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) were kept constant...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675486/missed-opportunities-for-adolescent-friendly-care-in-hospital
#10
Kendall Crossen
AIM: To investigate whether adolescent friendly care, as defined by current best practice, was being provided within a hospital setting. METHODS: All patients aged 12-18 presenting to Tauranga Hospital over a 5-week period were invited to complete a questionnaire on their experience of care. Responses were obtained from 319 adolescents (40% response rate). RESULTS: Adolescents reported that staff were generally friendly (>80%) and respectful (>90%) and that they trusted staff to care for them (90%)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671746/growth-attenuation-therapy-for-children-with-severe-physical-and-cognitive-disability-practice-and-perspectives-of-new-zealand-paediatricians
#11
Rebekah Wrigley, Nikki Kerruish, Paul L Hofman, Craig Jefferies, Allison J Pollock, Benjamin J Wheeler
AIM: There are currently no clinical guidelines concerning the administration of growth attenuation therapy (GAT) for children (regardless of gender) with both severe physical and cognitive disability in New Zealand (NZ). This survey aimed to explore the attitudes of paediatricians towards GAT and the frequency of requests and initiation of GAT in NZ. METHODS: An online survey of paediatricians in NZ was undertaken. Questions covered both clinical experience with GAT and attitudes towards it...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665528/trauma-hazards-in-children-an-update-for-the-busy-clinician
#12
REVIEW
Andrew Ja Holland, Soundappan Sv Soundappan
Trauma and injury continue to be common in children and remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity. Legislation mandating the use of helmets for all cyclists appears to have been effective in reducing the incidence and severity of head and facial injuries, with no clear evidence of a reduction in cycling usage or activity. Straddle injuries, whilst uncommon and generally minor, require careful clinical assessment as they may be associated with urethral trauma. Quad bikes remain highly dangerous with continuing reports of deaths in child riders due to their inherent lack of stability: a ban on their use by children would seem the most effective solution...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664628/medication-prescribed-by-australian-paediatricians-psychotropics-predominate
#13
Daryl Efron, Margie H Danchin, Noel E Cranswick, Alisha Gulenc, Stephen Hearps, Harriet Hiscock
AIM: The aims of this study were to examine: (i) medications prescribed by Australian general and community paediatricians, (ii) predictors of prescribing (child age, gender) and (iii) changes in medication prescription between 2008 and 2013. METHODS: Two patient-level practice national audits were conducted by the Australian Paediatric Research Network in 2008 and 2013. General and community paediatricians in outpatient clinics and private practices recorded demographic data, diagnoses and medications prescribed for all patients seen over a 2-week period...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661061/maternal-help-seeking-for-child-developmental-concerns-associations-with-socio-demographic-factors
#14
Valsamma Eapen, Amelia Walter, Jane Guan, Joseph Descallar, Emma Axelsson, Stewart Einfeld, John Eastwood, Elisabeth Murphy, Deborah Beasley, Natalie Silove, Cheryl Dissanayake, Sue Woolfenden, Katrina Williams, Bin Jalaludin, The 'Watch Me Grow' Study Group
AIM: To examine socio-demographic factors associated with maternal help-seeking for child developmental concerns in a longitudinal birth cohort study. An understanding of these factors is critical to improving uptake of services to maximise early identification and intervention for developmental concerns. METHODS: A birth cohort was recruited from the post-natal wards of two teaching hospitals and through community nurses in South Western Sydney, Australia, between November 2011 and April 2013...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661028/increased-use-of-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-associated-with-longer-oxygen-requirements
#15
Rachael C Heath Jeffery, Margaret Broom, Bruce Shadbolt, David A Todd
AIM: There has been an increased use of heated humidified high flow nasal canula (HFNC) in premature babies (PBs) admitted to our neonatal unit. The aim of this study is to identify clinical characteristics in PBs < 29 weeks gestational age (GA) that distinguish between those who did not or did receive HFNC. METHODS: This study compared prospectively collected data from 2010 to 2012. Comparisons were undertaken between PBs<29 weeks GA who received continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP: 44/72 (61...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653434/injury-from-falls-in-infants-under-one-year
#16
Christopher S Mulligan, Susan Adams, Dimitra Tzioumi, Julie Brown
AIM: Falls in infants are a common cause of injury. Compared to older children, infants under age one are likely to have distinctive causation and injury patterns, as they are pre-mobile or have limited independent mobility and falls are more directly the responsibility of the care giver. There is little known about the mechanistic factors, predictors of injury and injury patterns in this age group. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of infants under age one who presented after a fall to a paediatric trauma centre in Sydney, Australia...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639711/late-onset-congenital-dermal-melanocytosis-mongolian-blue-spots-confused-as-child-abuse-are-there-more-lessons-to-be-learnt
#17
Trupti Prasad, Joanna Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636263/acute-bilateral-myopia-caused-by-lamotrigine-induced-uveal-effusions
#18
Ian R Woodcock, Lauren E Taylor, Jonathan B Ruddle, Jeremy L Freeman, Gabriel Dabscheck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618045/clean-catch-urine-collection-time-taken-and-diagnostic-implication-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Shidan Tosif, Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Sandy M Hopper, Monsurul Hoq, Susan Donath, Franz E Babl
AIM: Clean catch urine (CCU) collection is commonly used in pre-continent children. CCU can be time-consuming and specimens may be contaminated. Our aim was to determine the time taken for CCU attempts and to describe the success of this method in diagnosing or excluding urinary tract infection. METHODS: Prospective observational study of CCU in pre-continent children aged 2-48 months in the emergency department. Time taken until urine collection, 'successful' (voided and caught), 'missed' (voided not caught) or the procedure 'stopped', were recorded and urine culture results analysed...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608485/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-food-allergy
#20
REVIEW
Andrew T Fong, Constance H Katelaris, Brynn Wainstein
Food allergy is an increasing phenomenon in Australia, with most recent reports of food allergy occurring in 1 in 12 children. A number of studies have demonstrated that children and adolescents with food allergies experience a decreased quality of life across a number of domains. More recent evidence suggests that this population also experiences an increased occurrence of bullying compared to similar school-aged children. Some individuals have reported being bullied because of their allergies, whilst others have reported specific allergy-related-bullying, such as being touched with foods that they are allergic to or having their food being intentionally contaminated with an allergen...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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