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DNA and Cell Biology

Hua Wang, Shu Zhang, Aihong Zhang, Cunling Yan
This study aimed to explore the efficacy of propofol to treat malignant pheochromocytoma (PCC) in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, PC12 cells were treated with different concentrations of propofol (0, 1, 5, and 10 μg/mL) for specific times followed by a MTT assay to detect cell proliferation. Transwell assays were performed to assess the function of propofol on the migration and invasion of PC12 cells, and flow cytometry to analyze cell apoptosis and cell cycle progression. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was carried out to analyze the expression level of mRNA (Bcl-2, Bax, and CyclinE)...
March 22, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Xiukun Cui, Zheng Zhou, Keke Zhu, Ruiping Feng, Jiuli Han, Mengyuan Li, Shuangfeng Wang, Jing Li, Jing Zhang, Qiying Jiang, Wanting Zhang, Hongmei Mu, Yutao Liu, Yanzhong Hu
Mutations in GJA8 are associated with hereditary autosomal dominant and recessive cataract formation. In this study, a novel insert mutation in GJA8 was identified in a Chinese congenital cataract family and cosegregated with the disease in this pedigree. This insert mutation introduces five additional amino acid residues YAVHY after histidine at the 95 site (p.H95_A96insYAVHY) within the second transmembrane (TM2) domain of Cx50 protein (Cx50-insert). Ectopic expression of Cx50-insert protein impairs the hemichannel functions and gap junction activity compared to wild-type Cx50 protein in human lens epithelial cells...
February 28, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Xiuxiu Li, Xiaoning Li, Rongrong Luo, Wenwen Wang, Tao Wang, Hui Tang
The dominant white phenotype in domestic pigs is caused by two mutations in the KIT gene: a 450 kb duplication containing the entire KIT gene together with flanking sequences and one splice mutation with a G:A substitution in intron 17. The purpose of this study was to establish a simple, rapid method to determine KIT genotype in pigs. First, to detect KIT copy number variation (CNV), primers for exon 2 of the KIT gene, along with a TaqMan minor groove binder (MGB) probe, were designed. The single-copy gene, estrogen receptor (ESR), was used as an internal control...
February 27, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Mei Lin, Bairong Xia, Ling Qin, Hong Chen, Ge Lou
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common cause of gynecological cancer-associated death. The high mortality rate is largely due to early stage metastasis and posttreatment recurrence. Identifying crucial regulators of EOC cells as well as ways to target them promises to improve the disease's prognosis. The S100 calcium-binding protein A7 (S100A7) has been shown to promote cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor metastasis. In this study, we have investigated the role that S100A7 plays in regulating EOC cells...
February 27, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Yeong-Min Yoo, Yung Chul Park
Streptozotocin (STZ), a glucose analog, induces diabetes in experimental animals by inducing preferential cytotoxicity in pancreatic beta cells. We investigated whether STZ reduced the production of intracellular insulin through autophagy in insulinoma INS-1E cells. Typically, 2 mM STZ treatment for 24 h significantly decreased cell survival. STZ treatment led to significant decrease in phospho-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) level; reduction in levels of phospho-protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α); significant reduction in levels of p85α, p110, phospho-serine and threonine kinase/protein kinase B (p-Akt/PKB) (Ser473), phospho-extracellular-regulated kinase (p-ERK), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR); increase in levels of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, and catalase; decrease in B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression; increase in Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) expression; increase in levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin 1; and reduction in production of intracellular insulin...
February 27, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Somayeh Tanhaei, Parvaneh Nikpour, Kamran Ghaedi, Farzaneh Rabiee, Farshad Homayouni Moghadam, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Fibronectin type III domain-containing 5 protein (Fndc5) is responsible for producing a secretory protein termed, "irisin." A modified expression of Fndc5 has been reported in different tissues during development, differentiation processes, as well as in metabolic events such as exercise. One of the important issues to be fixed is whether Fndc5 RNA level and protein content are concerted and modified hand in hand. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess Fndc5 RNA and protein levels in various tissues of mouse and rat with emphasis on brain...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Bojian Li, Sun Chen, Kun Sun, Rang Xu, Yurong Wu
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is an autosomal dominant disorder, which is characterized by deformities of upper limbs and congenital heart defects. Alterations of TBX5 gene have been identified to be the leading cause of HOS, while some cases could not be explained by TBX5 mutations. In our study, we preliminarily diagnosed a newborn baby, who had Tetralogy of Fallot, thumb agenesis, facial dysplasia, and right ear canal malformation, as HOS. Chromosome microarray analyses showed no pathological deletions or replications of chromosome segments; whole exome sequencing screened out six candidate genes that were involved in cardiac diseases or syndromes among which SALL4 has been reported as HOS related gene...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Caiqin Zhang, Li Yang, Ningning Zhao, Yong Zhao, Changhong Shi
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major bacterial infectious disease worldwide that is predominantly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). The comorbidity of multiple drug-resistant TB strains with HIV and diabetes is widespread. In the presence of these diseases, host immunity is weakened, allowing the recovery of dormant bacilli and leading to recurrent TB infection. As an important component of the host innate and adaptive immune responses, macrophage autophagy plays a significant role in protecting the host against TB...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Kejian Liu, Saiyare Xuekelati, Kang Zhou, Zhitao Yan, Xu Yang, Azeem Inayat, Jiangdong Wu, Xiaomei Guo
The aim of this study is to discuss the hypothesis that expression of plasma atherosclerosis-associated microRNAs (miRNAs) in hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) patients could predict the presence of atherosclerosis from different channels. Six plasma miRNAs (miR-145, miR-155, miR-222, miR-133, miR-217, and miR-30) selected for our study have been confirmed as critical gene regulators involved in atherosclerosis and can be steadily determined in plasma. Expression of the above six plasma circulating miRNAs revealed significant upregulation of two miRNAs (miR-133 and miR-217) and downregulation of three miRNAs (miR-145, miR-155, and miR-222)...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Ying-Lan Li, Wen-Feng Cai, Lei Wang, Guan-Sheng Liu, Christian Paul, Lin Jiang, Boyu Wang, Xiang Gao, Yigang Wang, Shi-Zheng Wu
HCLS1 Associated Protein X-1 (HAX1) promotes cell survival through attenuation of the damaged signals from endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, which are known as prominent intracellular compartments for the autophagic process under stress conditions. This study investigates whether autophagy can be upregulated in response to HAX1 overexpression and identifies the functional motif in HAX1 responsible for the autophagic induction. Autophagosome accumulation, mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), and apoptosis were assessed in HEK293 cells post transduction with full-length or truncated HAX1-encoding genes, while empty vector-transduced cells served as control...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Parinita Agarwal, Khantika Patel, Pradeep K Agarwal
Plants possess an innate immune system comprising of a complex network of closely regulated defense responses involving differential gene expression mediated by transcription factors (TFs). The WRKYs comprise of an important plant-specific TF family, which is involved in regulation of biotic and abiotic defenses. The overexpression of JcWRKY resulted in improved resistance in transgenic tobacco against Macrophomina phaseolina. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and its detoxification through antioxidative system in the transgenics facilitates defense against Macrophomina...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Ming Su, Zhihong Yue, Hui Wang, Mei Jia, Congxia Bai, Wei Qiu, Jingzhou Chen
Vascular remodeling is a key process leading to arterial stenosis. Ufmylation, a novel ubiquitin-like modification, was observed to be associated with many biological processes. However, whether ufmylation is involved in the regulation of vascular remodeling remains unclear. Therefore, the present study focused on the role of ufmylation in vascular remodeling. Mouse femoral artery guidewire injury models were used for inducing vascular remodeling. We found that the expression of Ufm1 was upregulated in hyperplastic neointima...
February 20, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Hamideh Mahmoudinasab, Mostafa Saadat
Cisplatin [cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (II), CDDP], morphine (Mor), and electromagnetic field (EMF) induced oxidative stress. In this study, we tried to increase the cytotoxicity of CDDP in combination with Mor and/or EMF in MCF-7 and SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, we evaluate the expression levels of 11 antioxidant genes in both cell lines. We designed four treatments: CDDP alone, "CDDP+Mor," "CDDP+EMF," and "CDDP+Mor+EMF." Serial dilutions of CDDP, Mor (5.0 μM), and EMF (50 Hz, 0...
February 15, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Rong Wang, Xuan Sun, Yong-Shu Deng, Xu-Wen Qiu
The alterations in P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated transport of antipsychotics due to the ABCB1 1199G>A polymorphism were assessed in the current study. The ABCB1wtand ABCB11199Arecombinant cell models were constructed to study the sensitivity, intracellular accumulation, and transepithelial permeability of antipsychotic drugs. ABCB11199Arecombinant cells had more sensitivity to olanzapine (2.2-fold, p < 0.01), aripiprazole (1.8-fold, p < 0.01), amisulpride (2.3-fold, p < 0.01), and risperidone (3...
February 14, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Wen Tian, Yong-Sheng Li, Jing-Hua Zhang, Ji-Jun Li, Jing-Hua Gao
Due to the high mortality of lung cancer, early diagnosis followed by early effective treatment is the key to prognosis improvement, which demands to identify the biological targets. Therefore, a multistage screening analysis was used to identify biological targets of lung adenocarcinoma. Two independent datasets of DNA methylation and RNA expression microarray in lung adenocarcinoma and normal lung tissues were chosen from the Gene Expression Omnibus. The association between DNA methylation and gene expression was explored, and the prognostic value of the hub genes was also evaluated...
February 14, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Cheung Pang Wong, Zaikun Xu, Christopher Power, Tom C Hobman
Peroxisomes are membrane-bound organelles that are best known for their roles in lipid metabolism. Mounting evidence indicates that they are also important nodes for antiviral signaling. While research over the past few decades has revealed effective viral strategies to block antiviral signalling pathways from the plasma membrane, mitochondria and/or the nucleus, until recently, very little was known about how viruses interfere with peroxisome-based antiviral signaling. In this essay, we review how viruses use a variety of strategies to interfere with peroxisome biogenesis, a phenomenon that has implications for evasion of the host immune system as well as pathogenesis...
February 14, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Shuo Yang, Yong Liao, Qi Zhao, Yuqin Xie, Ai Zheng, Huajing Wan
The mitotic spindle, assembled by microtubule organization center (MTOC), is a critical structure required for proper chromosome segregation during mitosis. Studies demonstrated that defects of mitotic spindle assembling would result in chromosome instability, associating with oncogenesis. In this study, we identified that heparanase (HPSE) was localized on MTOC in mitotic cells. Induced expression of HPSE in human airway epithelial cells promoted mitotic spindle formation, and silencing of HPSE expression disrupted the mitotic spindle formation, resulting in chromosome instability, including chromosome mis-segregation and increased micronuclei formation...
February 12, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Carol Shoshkes Reiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Xin Wang, Xuwei Si, Jiaying Sun, Lixia Yue, Jiajia Wang, Zhongming Yu
microRNAs have been reported to play important roles in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study examined the effects of miR-522 on the biological behaviors of RA synovial fibroblasts. The expression levels of miR-522 and relevant genes were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. The protein levels of cytokines were determined by ELISA assay. The protein levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) were determined by western blot assay. Luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm the potential target of miR-522...
February 2, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
Lu Chen, Lei Liu, Zhi-Yang Xie, Feng Wang, Arjun Sinkemani, Cong Zhang, Xiao-Hu Wang, Kun Wang, Xin Hong, Xiao-Tao Wu
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is closely related to inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) serves several important cell functions, which are essential for normal cell metabolism and survival. This study aims to clarify the role of ER stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) in TNF-α-induced biological changes in rat nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) and IVD degeneration. In our research, rat NPCs were cultured with different concentrations of TNF-α in the presence or absence of ER stress inhibitors...
January 30, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
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