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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741557/presidential-address-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-conference-boston-2017
#1
John E Meyers
This presidential address attempts to predict the future directions of neuropsychology. Predicting the future is always a difficult thing. By examining population trends such as aging and demographics, a clearer picture becomes visible. The population is getting older and more ethnically diverse. Also, examination of the spending trends in health care indicates that neuropsychology needs to be able to adapt to working with larger population-based patient care as well as individual patient care. Shifts in the demographics of neuropsychology, in that the profession previously was 70% male dominate and now is >70% female dominant are also discussed...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733343/examining-the-latent-structure-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#2
Justin E Karr, Scott M Hofer, Grant L Iverson, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera
Objective: The current study aimed to determine whether the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) taps into three executive function factors (inhibition, shifting, fluency) and to assess the relationship between these factors and tests of executive-related constructs less often measured in latent variable research: reasoning, abstraction, and problem solving. Method: Participants included 425 adults from the D-KEFS standardization sample (20-49 years old; 50...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718070/accelerated-cognitive-ageing-in-epilepsy-a-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-cognitive-deterioration
#3
Lisanne E M Breuer, Antoine Bernas, Paul Boon, René M H Besseling, Evelien C B Carrette, Anton de Louw, Albert P Aldenkamp
Objective: Shed light on cognitive deterioration in Accelerated Cognitive Ageing (ACA) in epilepsy from a neuropsychological point of view in order to improve clinical diagnostics. Methods: We compared the IQ-profile including GAI, OPIE IV-premorbid IQ and deterioration-scores of 21 epilepsy patients with ACA with 21 matched epilepsy patients without ACA (Epilepsy Controls) and 16 age- and education-matched Healthy Controls. Memory was also evaluated. Results: Premorbid IQs were equal in all groups...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718062/iowa-gambling-task-performance-in-parkinson-disease-patients-with-impulse-control-disorders
#4
Julia W Biars, Nicole L Johnson, Michelle Nespeca, Robyn M Busch, Cynthia S Kubu, Darlene P Floden
Objective: A subgroup of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) develops impulse control disorders (ICD) associated with their dopamine replacement therapy. Patients and their families may be reluctant to report ICD symptoms or unaware these symptoms are related to PD medication, which can make detecting an ICD difficult for clinicians. Ideally, a behavioral measure that is sensitive to ICD could be employed to ensure that patients with these behaviors are identified and treated. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), a standardized decision-making task, has proven sensitive in other populations with impulse control problems...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688299/closing-in-behavior-and-motor-distractibility-in-persons-with-brain-injury
#5
Elisabetta Ambron, Nicoletta Beschin, Chiara Cerrone, Sergio Della Sala
Objective: This study investigates closing-in behavior (CIB), a phenomenon observed in graphic copying tasks when responses encroach upon or overlap the model. The behavior is most common amongst individuals with dementia and amongst pre-school children. We explored the relationship between CIB and the 'distractor effect' in reaching, whereby salient visual stimuli can influence the spatial trajectory of the reach. Method: A group of individuals with overlap-CIB (n = 9), without CIB (n = 9) and healthy controls (HC; n = 6) underwent a task-irrelevant and a task-relevant distractors and the deviation of the movement trajectory towards the distractor location was measured in both tasks...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688251/semantic-interference-test-evidence-for-culture-and-education-fairness-from-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-in-the-usa
#6
Mónica Rosselli, Ruth M Tappen, David Newman
Objective: Tests of cognitive abilities are particularly susceptible to culture-based bias because these abilities are culturally bound. The specific purpose of this study was to examine the Semantic Interference Test, a clinical neuropsychological test, for culture bias. Method: The sample included 415 community-dwelling participants (mean age 74, SD = 8.32; 308 were females) living in South Florida (USA). The sample included 72 African Americans, 93 Afro-Caribbeans, 77 Hispanic Americans, and 173 European Americans...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688248/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-neurocognitive-measures-in-healthy-young-adults-the-relation-of-executive-functions-with-other-neurocognitive-functions
#7
Luís Pires, Octávio Moura, Chiara Guerrini, Imke Buekenhout, Mário R Simões, José Leitão
Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the factor structure of a set of neurocognitive tests theoretically assessing executive functions (EF), verbal abilities (VA), and processing speed (PS). This study extended previous research by analyzing if each test is better explained by the specific factor to which it theoretically belongs or by a more general neurocognitive factor; and also by analyzing the relations between the neurocognitive factors. Methods: Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) we examined the factor structure of nine neurocognitive tests (EF: Working Memory, Tower, Divided Attention, Stroop, and Verbal Fluency tests; VA: Word List and Confrontation Naming tests; PS: Coding and Telephone Search tests) in a nonclinical sample (N = 90; 18-33 years old, 76 women)...
April 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659665/the-influence-of-cognitive-reserve-on-recovery-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Jacobus Donders, Jacob Stout
Objective: we sought to determine the degree to which cognitive reserve, as assessed by the Test of Premorbid Functioning in combination with demographic variables, could act as a buffer against the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive test performance. Method: retrospective analysis of a cohort of 121 persons with TBI who completed the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) within 1-12 months after injury. Results: regression analyses indicated that cognitive reserve was a statistically significant predictor of all postinjury WAIS-IV factor index scores, after controlling for various premorbid and comorbid confounding variables...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635383/attention-measures-of-accuracy-variability-and-fatigue-detect-early-response-to-donepezil-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-pilot-trial
#9
Clara Vila-Castelar, Jenny J Ly, Lillian Kaplan, Kathleen Van Dyk, Jeffrey T Berger, Lucy O Macina, Jennifer L Stewart, Nancy S Foldi
Objective: Donepezil is widely used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD), but detecting early response remains challenging for clinicians. Acetylcholine is known to directly modulate attention, particularly under high cognitive conditions, but no studies to date test whether measures of attention under high load can detect early effects of donepezil. We hypothesized that load-dependent attention tasks are sensitive to short-term treatment effects of donepezil, while global and other domain-specific cognitive measures are not...
April 9, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635309/the-neuropsychological-profile-and-phenomenology-of-late-onset-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-differential-diagnosis-of-very-late-onset-schizophrenia-like-psychosis-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-and-alzheimer-s-type-dementia-with-psychosis
#10
Lies Van Assche, Evelyne Van Aubel, Lucas Van de Ven, Filip Bouckaert, Patrick Luyten, Mathieu Vandenbulcke
Objective: Late onset psychosis not only occurs as a prodromal symptom to neurodegeneration, but it can also be associated with a non-progressive mild cognitive deficit. Studying the phenomenology of psychotic symptoms and the neuropsychological profile may serve as sensitive and non-invasive tools for differential diagnosis. Method: We compared 57 individuals with very-late-onset schizophrenia-like psychosis (VLOSLP), 49 participants with Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) and 35 patients with Alzheimer's type Dementia and psychosis (AD+P) concerning the phenomenology of psychotic symptoms and the neuropsychological profile using several measures of cognitive function in a cross-sectional study...
April 9, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659666/reliable-digit-span-does-it-adequately-measure-suboptimal-effort-in-an-adult-epilepsy-population
#11
Moshe Maiman, Victor A Del Bene, William S MacAllister, Sloane Sheldon, Eileen Farrell, Miguel Arce Rentería, Mitchell Slugh, Siddhartha S Nadkarni, William B Barr
Objective: Assessment of performance validity is a necessary component of any neuropsychological evaluation. Prior research has shown that cutoff scores of ≤6 or ≤7 on Reliable Digit Span (RDS) can detect suboptimal effort across numerous adult clinical populations; however, these scores have not been validated for that purpose in an adult epilepsy population. This investigation aims to determine whether these previously established RDS cutoff scores could detect suboptimal effort in adults with epilepsy...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659655/poor-encoding-and-weak-early-consolidation-underlie-memory-acquisition-deficits-in-multiple-sclerosis-retroactive-interference-processing-speed-or-working-memory
#12
Joshua Sandry, Mark Zuppichini, Jessica Rothberg, Zerbrina Valdespino-Hayden, John DeLuca
Objective: Learning and memory impairments are common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and may be related to difficulty acquiring (encoding or consolidating) new information. We evaluate the role of retroactive interference and investigate whether minimizing interference immediately following encoding (early during consolidation) will improve MS participants' ability to remember new verbal information. Additionally, we investigate processing speed differences between memory-impaired and unimpaired participants and present an exploratory analysis of how the dual-components of working memory (capacity vs...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617708/a-systematic-review-of-the-neuropsychological-sequelae-of-people-diagnosed-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-the-acute-and-chronic-phases
#13
Della C M Nicolle, Jennifer L Moses
Objective: A systematic review was conducted to investigate the emerging cognitive profile for people diagnosed with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. Method: Ten papers met the review criteria including five neuropsychological case studies and five case series; three of the 10 studies used matched controls. The cognitive functioning of 54 participants (46 female: eight male) was studied. Paper quality assessment was undertaken and outcomes summarized...
March 31, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617705/declining-financial-capacity-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-six-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Roy C Martin, Adam Gerstenecker, Kristen L Triebel, Michael Falola, Tarrant McPherson, Gary Cutter, Daniel C Marson
Objective: To investigate financial skill decline over a 6-year period in persons with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) presumed due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: Study participants were cognitively normal (CN) older adults (n = 82) and adults with MCI (n = 91) based on consensus conference diagnosis. Participants completed baseline and up to six annual follow-up assessments that included standardized financial skills measurement (Financial Capacity Instrument; FCI; nine FCI domain and two global scores)...
March 31, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617704/expectancy-effects-on-self-reported-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-simulated-neurofeedback-a-pilot-study
#15
Grace J Lee, Julie A Suhr
Objective: Expectancy is a psychological factor that can impact treatment effectiveness. Research on neurofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggests expectancy may contribute to treatment outcomes, though evidence for expectancy as an explanatory factor is sparse. This pilot study investigated the effects of expectancies on self-reported ADHD symptoms in simulated neurofeedback. Method: Forty-six adults who were concerned that they had ADHD expected to receive active neurofeedback, but were randomly assigned to receive a placebo with false feedback indicating attentive (positive false feedback) or inattentive (negative false feedback) states...
March 31, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608655/symptom-reporting-patterns-of-us-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-concussion-according-to-duty-status
#16
Lisa H Lu, Doug B Cooper, Matthew W Reid, Bilal Khokhar, Jennifer E Tsagaratos, Jan E Kennedy
Objective: To compare symptom reporting patterns of service members with a history of concussion based on work status: full duty, limited duty, or in the Medical Evaluation Board (MEB)/disability process. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 181 service members with a history of concussion (MEB n = 56; limited duty n = 62; full duty n = 63). Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) Validity-10 cutoff (>22) and Mild Brain Injury Atypical Symptoms Scale (mBIAS) cutoffs (≥10 and ≥8) were used to evaluate potential over-reporting of symptoms...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608637/nih-toolbox-picture-sequence-memory-test-for-assessing-clinical-memory-function-diagnostic-relationship-to-the-rey-auditory-verbal-learning-test
#17
David W Loring, Stephen C Bowden, Ekaterina Staikova, James A Bishop, Daniel L Drane, Felicia C Goldstein
Background: The NIH Cognitive Toolbox Picture Sequence Memory Test (PSMT) was developed as a measure of learning ability. PSMT use in clinical populations is only beginning to be investigated. Method: PSMT performance was analyzed in a retrospective series of 221 patients referred to either the Deep Brain Stimulation Clinic (n = 128) for presurgical evaluation, or to the Cognitive Screening Clinic (n = 93). Patients were also administered the Rey Verbal Auditory Verbal Learning test (AVLT)...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608636/four-subtest-index-based-short-form-of-wais-iv-psychometric-properties-and-clinical-utility
#18
Hong-Zhen Fan, Jian-Jun Zhu, Jian Wang, Jie-Feng Cui, Nan Chen, Jing Yao, Shu-Ping Tan, Jing-Hui Duan, Hao-Tian Pang, Yi-Zhuang Zou
Short form of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is often needed to quickly estimate intelligence for time-saving or screening in clinical practice. The present study aims to examine the psychometric properties of Chinese version of the four-subtest index-based short form (SF4) of WAIS-IV (FS) and to confirm its clinical application. 1,757 adults from the WAIS-IV Chinese version standardization sample and 239 mixed clinical samples including patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SCH), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and mild or moderate intellectual disability (ID) were used...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608635/older-adult-normative-data-for-the-sniffin-sticks-odor-identification-test
#19
Kayci L Vickers, Kathleen Breslin, David R Roalf, Vidyulata Kamath, Sharon X Xie, Paul J Moberg, David A Wolk, Dawn Mechanic-Hamilton
Objective: The current study establishes normative Sniffin' Sticks Odor Identification Test (SS-OIT) scores for cognitively intact older adults. Method: Two hundred and twenty-six cognitively normal older adults were identified as eligible for the current study (Mean Age = 70.49 years; 71.7% female). Important demographic covariates were identified using step-wise regression, and a normative regression equation was developed. Results: Analyses of the effects of demographic variables (including age, education, and sex) on SS-OIT performance revealed that age was the only significant predictor, b = -0...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579143/effort-testing-in-dementia-assessment-a-systematic-review
#20
Claire McGuire, Stephanie Crawford, Jonathan J Evans
Objective: Interpretation of neuropsychological test data is only valid when appropriate effort has been exerted. Research, however, suggests that neuropsychologists do not always formally test for effort and that this may especially be the case in the context of dementia assessment. This review systematically examined the literature that has investigated the use of both purpose-built and embedded effort-sensitive indices in dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and healthy control samples...
March 22, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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