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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028904/considerations-for-clinical-neuropsychological-evaluation-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#1
Susan C Woolley, Beth K Rush
The clinical neuropsychologist has the opportunity to be uniquely involved in the evaluation and treatment of individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We review the current literature that defines cognitive and behavioral symptoms in ALS, including current knowledge of the neuropathological and genetic underpinning for these symptoms. There are unique considerations for clinical neuropsychological evaluation and clinical research in ALS and we highlight these in this review. Specifically, we shed light on special factors that contribute to our understanding of cognitive and behavioral impairment in ALS, including co-morbid symptoms, differential diagnosis, and considerations for longitudinal tracking of phenotypes...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028880/semantic-memory-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-an-evaluation-of-the-cortical-versus-subcortical-hypothesis
#2
Savanna Tierney, Steven Paul Woods, Marizela Verduzco, Jessica Beltran, Paul J Massman, Rodrigo Hasbun
Objective: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) have historically been characterized as a subcortical condition that does not affect semantic memory; however, recent evidence suggests that the cortical regions that support semantic memory may be affected in HIV. Method: The current study examined the effects of HAND on semantic memory in 85 HIV+ individuals with HAND, 193 HIV+ individuals without HAND, and 181 HIV- individuals who completed the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and the Famous Faces subtest of the Kauffman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT-FF)...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028874/impaired-self-awareness-of-motor-disturbances-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Franziska Maier, George P Prigatano
Traditionally, anosognosia for cognitive or motor impairments in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) was viewed as unlikely unless the patient was demented. More recent research has suggested that a portion of non-demented PD patients (30%-50%) in fact have impaired subjective awareness (ISA) of their motor impairments (ISAm). This empirical finding has implications for the clinical neuropsychological examination of PD patients and raises theoretical questions relevant to the broader study of anosognosia seen in other patient groups...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028867/how-flexible-is-the-use-of-egocentric-versus-allocentric-frame-of-reference-in-the-williams-syndrome-population
#4
J Heiz, S Majerus, K Barisnikov
Objective: This study examined the spontaneous use of allocentric and egocentric frames of reference and their flexible use as a function of instructions. Method: The computerized spatial reference task created by Heiz and Barisnikov (2015) was used. Participants had to choose a frame of reference according to three types of instructions: spontaneous, allocentric and egocentric. The performances of 16 Williams Syndrome participants between 10 and 41 years were compared to those of two control groups (chronological age and non-verbal intellectual ability)...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028865/clinical-ethics-in-the-context-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders
#5
Cynthia S Kubu, Paul J Ford
Objective: Discuss common clinical ethical challenges encountered in working with patients who are candidates for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: The relevant literature is reviewed and supplemented by descriptive, ethically challenging cases stemming from decades of combined experience working on DBS teams. We outline ethical arguments and provide pragmatic recommendations to assist neuropsychologists working in movement disorder teams...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028864/predicting-cognitive-functioning-activities-of-daily-living-and-participation-6-months-after-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#6
Madison Bertolin, Ryan Van Patten, Taylor Greif, Robert Fucetola
Objective: Predicting neurocognitive and functional outcomes in stroke is an important clinical task, especially in rehabilitation settings. We assessed acute predictors of cognitive and functional outcomes 6 months after mild to moderate stroke. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute clinical data and 6-month follow-up telephone interviews for 498 mild to moderate stroke patients. Predictors were sociodemographic variables, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), basic physical measures, the Mesulam Cancellation Test, the Short Blessed Test (SBT), Trails A/B, and the Boston Naming Test...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961886/the-neuropsychology-of-huntington-s-disease
#7
Julie S Snowden
Huntington's disease is an inherited, degenerative brain disease, characterized by involuntary movements, cognitive disorder and neuropsychiatric change. Men and women are affected equally. Symptoms emerge at around 40 years, although there is wide variation. A rare juvenile form has onset in childhood or adolescence. The evolution of disease is insidious and structural and functional brain changes may be present more than a decade before symptoms and signs become manifest. The earliest site of pathology is the striatum and neuroimaging measures of striatal change correlate with neurological and cognitive markers of disease...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961866/cognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-features-in-parkinson-s-and-lewy-body-dementias
#8
Julie A Fields
Cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms affect a substantial number of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). These non-motor changes can occur at all stages of disease, often years before motor symptoms manifest in some patients while occurring much later in the disease process for others. Lewy bodies are the hallmark of PD, yet not all patients with PD follow the same course or present in the same way clinically, either from a motor or non-motor standpoint. This has implications on assessment, intervention, and planning for the future...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961738/cognitive-rehabilitation-in-parkinson-s-disease-is-it-feasible
#9
Roberta Biundo, Luca Weis, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Antonini Angelo
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms. Dementia is one of the most relevant non-motor symptoms considering its functional affect on PD patients' activities of daily living and family members' wellbeing. Cognitive abnormalities in PD are heterogeneous and reliable biomarkers to detect patients at risk for dementia early on remain to be identified. Pharmacological treatments specifically for PD dementia and mild cognitive impairment are lacking, and alternative approaches have recently been implemented, including cognitive rehabilitation...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961736/performance-validity-in-deep-brain-stimulation-candidates
#10
Maria A Rossetti, Robert L Collins, Michele K York
Objective: Effort and motivation are important factors that influence performance on neuropsychological tests. Performance validity tests (PVT) have not been investigated in a sample of individuals who are at risk for cognitive decline and are presumably highly motivated to do well. The aim of the current study is to investigate performance validity in individuals with Parkinson's disease and essential tremor who are being considered for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. Methods: Thirty DBS surgical candidates underwent neuropsychological evaluation including completion of the Word Memory Test (WMT) as well as embedded PVTs...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961775/brain-responses-at-encoding-predict-limited-verbal-memory-retrieval-by-persons-with-schizophrenia
#11
Julia M Longenecker, Noah C Venables, Seung Suk Kang, Kathryn A McGuire, Scott R Sponheim
Objective: Special attention has been given to verbal memory deficits in schizophrenia because they are apparent in healthy biological relatives of affected individuals, indicating a link to genetic risk for the disorder. Despite a growing consensus that encoding abnormalities contribute to poor verbal memory in the disorder, few studies have directly examined how neural responses during encoding contribute to later memory performance. Method: We evaluated event-related potentials (ERPs) during encoding of verbal material by patients with schizophrenia, healthy first-degree biological relatives of patients, and healthy controls...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961692/the-neuropsychology-broadly-conceived-of-multiple-system-atrophy-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-corticobasal-degeneration
#12
Adam Gerstenecker
Objective: To review the cognitive and behavioral features of the different atypical parkinsonian syndromes in which motor symptoms dominate early clinical symptomology: multiple systems atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). The impact of cognitive and behavioral deficits on quality of life, associations between neuropsychological and neuropsychiatric findings and brain imaging, and cognitive and behavioral symptom management are also discussed...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961928/identification-and-perceived-intensity-of-facial-expressions-of-emotion-in-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depression
#13
L D Branco, C Cotrena, A Ponsoni, R Salvador-Silva, S J L Vasconcellos, R P Fonseca
Objective: This study aimed to examine the accuracy in identifying facial expressions and the perceived intensity of emotions of happiness, sadness, disgust, anger, fear, surprise in bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). Method: Ninety-three adult participants (n = 30 BD, 80% female; n = 18 MDD, 72.2% female; n = 45 C, 46.7% female) completed a facial expression task. Stimuli in the task were first presented for 200 ms, followed by 500 ms, and 1000 ms...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961762/executive-functions-brain-system-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analytic-study
#14
Alfredo Ardila, Byron Bernal, Monica Rosselli
Background and objective: To characterize commonalities and differences between two executive functions: reasoning and inhibitory control. Methods: A total of 5,974 participants in 346 fMRI experiments of inhibition or reasoning were selected. First level analysis consisted of Analysis of Likelihood Estimation (ALE) studies performed in two pooled data groups: (a) brain areas involved in reasoning and (b) brain areas involved in inhibition. Second level analysis consisted of two contrasts: (i) brain areas involved in reasoning but not in inhibition and (ii) brain areas involved in inhibition but not in reasoning...
September 11, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961751/selective-patterns-of-cognitive-impairment-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-6-and-idiopathic-late-onset-cerebellar-ataxia
#15
Zubir S Rentiya, Brian C Jung, Junun Bae, Christine M Liszewski, Ann Fishman, Annie X Du, Russell L Margolis, Sarah H Ying
Purpose: To determine cognitive impairment patterns in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) compared to patients with idiopathic late-onset cerebellar ataxia (ILOCA). Methods: Neurocognitive testing was conducted on 21 SCA6, nine ILOCA, and 27 controls subjects. Intergroup differences were assessed using the Wilcoxon signed-ranked test or Student's t-test. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on nine cognitive variables, and Hotelling's T-squared test assessed group-specific differences...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961710/the-age-variable-in-childhood-concussion-management-a-systematic-review
#16
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Gavin A Davis, Philip Schatz
Background: Sports-related concussion in young children has become a significant international public health issue. This paper reviews the research literature in an effort to shed light on the question, "At what age should young children be managed differently than adults or older adolescents?" Method: A systematic review, registered with PROSPERO and using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted rendering 37 sports concussion original research studies that examined age as a variable (5-18 years), and which met specific inclusion/exclusion criteria...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961688/the-use-of-short-versions-of-the-japanese-wais-iii-to-aid-in-differentiation-between-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#17
Kazumi Ota, Eizo Iseki, Norio Murayama, Kiyoshi Sato, Heii Arai
Objective: We examined the cognitive characteristics of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) using the Wechsler Adult Intelligent Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III). In addition, the utility of short versions of WAIS-III for estimating IQ scores and index scores were examined. Methods: The subjects were 83 patients with probable AD, 33 patients with probable DLB, and 83 cognitively normal individuals. Results: Patients with DLB showed significantly lower scores in Performance IQ and Processing Speed compared with those with AD...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961685/category-letter-and-emotional-verbal-fluency-in-spanish-english-bilingual-speakers-a-preliminary-report
#18
Lisa Wauters, Thomas P Marquardt
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of bilingual speakers on an emotional verbal fluency task to category and letter verbal fluency tasks. A second purpose was to compare performances on these tasks to language proficiency ratings. Method: Twelve verbal fluency tasks were administered to 21 Spanish-English bilingual speakers. Results were analyzed for differences between fluency types (category, letter, and emotional) and languages (English and Spanish)...
August 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961765/normative-data-for-the-hayling-and-brixton-tests-in-an-italian-population
#19
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Sara Bevacqua, Claudia Cerini, Paola Ciurli, Laura Piccardi, Paola Guariglia, Lina Pezzuti, Gabriella Antonucci
Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values. Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961684/validity-and-reliability-of-baseline-testing-in-a-standardized-environment
#20
Kathryn L Higgins, Todd Caze, Arthur Maerlender
Objective: The Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a computerized neuropsychological test battery commonly used to determine cognitive recovery from concussion based on comparing post-injury scores to baseline scores. This model is based on the premise that ImPACT baseline test scores are a valid and reliable measure of optimal cognitive function at baseline. Growing evidence suggests that this premise may not be accurate and a large contributor to invalid and unreliable baseline test scores may be the protocol and environment in which baseline tests are administered...
August 11, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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