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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007334/diagnostic-accuracy-item-analysis-and-age-effects-of-the-upsit-spanish-version-in-parkinson-s-disease
#1
A Campabadal, B Segura, H C Baggio, A Abos, C Uribe, A I Garcia-Diaz, M J Marti, F Valldeoriola, Y Compta, N Bargallo, C Junque
Objective: The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSIT Spanish version and its accuracy in discriminating PD patients at different age groups from healthy controls (HC), and to perform an item analysis...
July 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945190/cognitive-decline-in-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome
#2
Pegah Touradji, John N Aucott, Ting Yang, Alison W Rebman, Kathleen T Bechtold
Objective: Patient-reported cognitive complaints are common in those with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). Objective evidence of cognitive impairment in this population is variable in part due to methodological variability in existing studies. In this study, we sought to use a systematic approach to characterizing PTLDS based on the most current consensus diagnosis. We further examined PTLDS-related cognitive decline, operationalized as a significant decline in cognitive test performance relative to premorbid cognitive ability...
June 26, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931037/factor-structure-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-fourth-edition-spanish-in-a-clinical-sample
#3
Alicia Nuñez, Davor N Zink, Kimberly A Barchard, Liza E San Miguel, Daniel N Allen
Objective: The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition Spanish (WISC-IV Spanish) is a translation and adaptation of the WISC-IV that is often used in neuropsychological evaluation of children and adolescents with acquired or developmental brain disorders. However, there is limited information on the factor structure of the WISC-IV Spanish when used with clinical populations. To address the potential effects of language and culture on the validity of the WISC-IV Spanish factor structure, this study examined the construct validity of the WISV-IV Spanish scores using confirmatory factor analysis in a clinical sample of Hispanic children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
June 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893785/is-episodic-future-thinking-important-for-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-a-study-in-neurological-patients-and-healthy-older-adults
#4
Amanda M Brunette, Matthew Calamia, Jenah Black, Daniel Tranel
Objective: Episodic future thinking is the ability to mentally project oneself into the future. This construct has been explored extensively in cognitive neuroscience and may be relevant for adaptive functioning. However, it has not been determined whether the measurement of episodic future thinking might be valuable in a clinical neuropsychological setting. The current study investigated (1) the relationship between episodic future thinking and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs); and (2) whether episodic future thinking is related to IADLs over and above standard measures of cognition...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878036/predicting-premorbid-scores-on-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-and-their-validation-in-an-elderly-sample
#5
Kevin Duff, Bonnie C A Dalley, Kayla R Suhrie, Dustin B Hammers
Objective: Assessing cognitive change during a single visit requires the comparison of estimated premorbid abilities and current neuropsychological functioning. Although premorbid intellect has been widely examined, premorbid expectations for other cognitive abilities have received less attention. The current study sought to develop and validate premorbid estimates for the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). Method: Using demographic variables and an estimate of premorbid intellect, premorbid performance on the RBANS was predicted in a sample of 143 community-dwelling, cognitively intact older adults...
June 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850866/the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-rf-in-treatment-seeking-veterans-with-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
S M Jurick, L D Crocker, A V Keller, S N Hoffman, J Bomyea, M W Jacobson, A J Jak
Objective: This study examined the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Second Edition-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) to better understand symptom presentation in a sample of treatment-seeking Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Method: Participants underwent a comprehensive clinical neuropsychological battery including performance and symptom validity measures and self-report measures of depressive, posttraumatic, and post-concussive symptomatology...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850776/moral-cognition-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-neuropsychological-study
#7
Sabrina Realmuto, Alessandra Dodich, Riccardo Meli, Nicola Canessa, Paolo Ragonese, Giuseppe Salemi, Chiara Cerami
Objectives: Recent literature proved that social cognition impairments may characterize the neuropsychological profile of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. However, little is still known about moral cognition in MS. In this study, we evaluated non-social, social, and moral cognitive performances in 45 relapsing-remitting MS patients. Methods: Patients underwent the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis battery, the Cognitive Estimation and Stroop tasks, the Ekman-60 Faces test, the Reading the Mind in the Eye and Story-based Empathy task...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800139/improvement-of-communication-skills-after-traumatic-brain-injury-the-efficacy-of-the-cognitive-pragmatic-treatment-program-using-the-communicative-activities-of-daily-living
#8
F M Bosco, A Parola, R Angeleri, V Galetto, M Zettin, I Gabbatore
Objective: The pragmatic impairment often characterizing individuals after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) significantly limits their independence, preventing social participation. Rehabilitation programs aim to improve the impaired capacities to help participants communicate effectively, increasing their self-perceived life quality. The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness of the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT) in improving communication abilities after TBI, thus enabling better management of communication activities in daily living...
May 25, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788381/the-role-of-apathy-and-depression-on-verbal-learning-and-memory-performance-after-stroke
#9
Keera N Fishman, Andrea R Ashbaugh, Krista L Lanctôt, Megan L Cayley, Nathan Herrmann, Brian J Murray, Michelle Sicard, Karen Lien, Demetrios J Sahlas, Richard H Swartz
Objective: Psychiatric symptoms, including depression and apathy, may significantly impede functional and cognitive capabilities following a cerebrovascular event. This study examined the role of apathy and depression on learning and memory performance in stroke patients. Method: Stroke patients (n = 140 [119 ischemic, 21 hemorrhagic], mean age = 60.6 [SD = 15.1]) completed the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II)...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741557/presidential-address-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-conference-boston-2017
#10
John E Meyers
This presidential address attempts to predict the future directions of neuropsychology. Predicting the future is always a difficult thing. By examining population trends such as aging and demographics, a clearer picture becomes visible. The population is getting older and more ethnically diverse. Also, examination of the spending trends in health care indicates that neuropsychology needs to be able to adapt to working with larger population-based patient care as well as individual patient care. Shifts in the demographics of neuropsychology, in that the profession previously was 70% male dominate and now is >70% female dominant are also discussed...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733343/examining-the-latent-structure-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#11
Justin E Karr, Scott M Hofer, Grant L Iverson, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera
Objective: The current study aimed to determine whether the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) taps into three executive function factors (inhibition, shifting, fluency) and to assess the relationship between these factors and tests of executive-related constructs less often measured in latent variable research: reasoning, abstraction, and problem solving. Method: Participants included 425 adults from the D-KEFS standardization sample (20-49 years old; 50...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718070/accelerated-cognitive-ageing-in-epilepsy-a-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-cognitive-deterioration
#12
Lisanne E M Breuer, Antoine Bernas, Paul Boon, René M H Besseling, Evelien C B Carrette, Anton de Louw, Albert P Aldenkamp
Objective: Shed light on cognitive deterioration in Accelerated Cognitive Ageing (ACA) in epilepsy from a neuropsychological point of view in order to improve clinical diagnostics. Methods: We compared the IQ-profile including GAI, OPIE IV-premorbid IQ and deterioration-scores of 21 epilepsy patients with ACA with 21 matched epilepsy patients without ACA (Epilepsy Controls) and 16 age- and education-matched Healthy Controls. Memory was also evaluated. Results: Premorbid IQs were equal in all groups...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718062/iowa-gambling-task-performance-in-parkinson-disease-patients-with-impulse-control-disorders
#13
Julia W Biars, Nicole L Johnson, Michelle Nespeca, Robyn M Busch, Cynthia S Kubu, Darlene P Floden
Objective: A subgroup of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) develops impulse control disorders (ICD) associated with their dopamine replacement therapy. Patients and their families may be reluctant to report ICD symptoms or unaware these symptoms are related to PD medication, which can make detecting an ICD difficult for clinicians. Ideally, a behavioral measure that is sensitive to ICD could be employed to ensure that patients with these behaviors are identified and treated. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), a standardized decision-making task, has proven sensitive in other populations with impulse control problems...
April 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088320/an-initial-examination-of-performance-on-two-versions-of-the-iowa-gambling-task
#14
Melissa T Buelow, Wesley R Barnhart
Objective: To examine differences between two versions of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Method: A total of 282 undergraduate students completed one of two versions of the IGT: the original version from 1994 (n = 132), or the 2007 version available through Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR) (n = 150). Results: PAR (2007 version) IGT participants decided more advantageously (i.e., selected more from the small immediate reward but long-term positive/gain decks than the large immediate reward but long-term negative/loss decks) than original IGT participants during Trials 21-60...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028880/semantic-memory-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-an-evaluation-of-the-cortical-versus-subcortical-hypothesis
#15
Savanna Tierney, Steven Paul Woods, Marizela Verduzco, Jessica Beltran, Paul J Massman, Rodrigo Hasbun
Objective: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) have historically been characterized as a subcortical condition that does not affect semantic memory; however, recent evidence suggests that the cortical regions that support semantic memory may be affected in HIV. Method: The current study examined the effects of HAND on semantic memory in 85 HIV+ individuals with HAND, 193 HIV+ individuals without HAND, and 181 HIV- individuals who completed the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and the Famous Faces subtest of the Kauffman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT-FF)...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961928/identification-and-perceived-intensity-of-facial-expressions-of-emotion-in-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depression
#16
L D Branco, C Cotrena, A Ponsoni, R Salvador-Silva, S J L Vasconcellos, R P Fonseca
Objective: This study aimed to examine the accuracy in identifying facial expressions and the perceived intensity of emotions of happiness, sadness, disgust, anger, fear, surprise in bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). Method: Ninety-three adult participants (n = 30 BD, 80% female; n = 18 MDD, 72.2% female; n = 45 C, 46.7% female) completed a facial expression task. Stimuli in the task were first presented for 200 ms, followed by 500 ms, and 1000 ms...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961775/brain-responses-at-encoding-predict-limited-verbal-memory-retrieval-by-persons-with-schizophrenia
#17
Julia M Longenecker, Noah C Venables, Seung Suk Kang, Kathryn A McGuire, Scott R Sponheim
Objective: Special attention has been given to verbal memory deficits in schizophrenia because they are apparent in healthy biological relatives of affected individuals, indicating a link to genetic risk for the disorder. Despite a growing consensus that encoding abnormalities contribute to poor verbal memory in the disorder, few studies have directly examined how neural responses during encoding contribute to later memory performance. Method: We evaluated event-related potentials (ERPs) during encoding of verbal material by patients with schizophrenia, healthy first-degree biological relatives of patients, and healthy controls...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961765/normative-data-for-the-hayling-and-brixton-tests-in-an-italian-population
#18
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Sara Bevacqua, Claudia Cerini, Paola Ciurli, Laura Piccardi, Paola Guariglia, Lina Pezzuti, Gabriella Antonucci
Objective: The Hayling and Brixton tests constitute a short test battery that quickly assesses verbal and spatial inhibition and flexibility. This battery has shown high construct validity and strong reliability in clinical and experimental settings. The aim of this study was to develop an Italian version of the Hayling and Brixton tests and obtain normative values. Method: We collected normative data from 301 healthy Italian participants aged between 16 and 94 years, taking into account all demographics...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961762/executive-functions-brain-system-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analytic-study
#19
Alfredo Ardila, Byron Bernal, Monica Rosselli
Background and objective: To characterize commonalities and differences between two executive functions: reasoning and inhibitory control. Methods: A total of 5,974 participants in 346 fMRI experiments of inhibition or reasoning were selected. First level analysis consisted of Analysis of Likelihood Estimation (ALE) studies performed in two pooled data groups: (a) brain areas involved in reasoning and (b) brain areas involved in inhibition. Second level analysis consisted of two contrasts: (i) brain areas involved in reasoning but not in inhibition and (ii) brain areas involved in inhibition but not in reasoning...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961751/selective-patterns-of-cognitive-impairment-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-6-and-idiopathic-late-onset-cerebellar-ataxia
#20
Zubir S Rentiya, Brian C Jung, Junun Bae, Christine M Liszewski, Ann Fishman, Annie X Du, Russell L Margolis, Sarah H Ying
Purpose: To determine cognitive impairment patterns in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) compared to patients with idiopathic late-onset cerebellar ataxia (ILOCA). Methods: Neurocognitive testing was conducted on 21 SCA6, nine ILOCA, and 27 controls subjects. Intergroup differences were assessed using the Wilcoxon signed-ranked test or Student's t-test. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on nine cognitive variables, and Hotelling's T-squared test assessed group-specific differences...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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