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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165575/developing-a-computerized-brief-cognitive-screening-battery-for-botswana-a-feasibility-study
#1
Ilse Elisabeth Plattner, Lingani Mbakile-Mahlanza, Shathani Marobela, Tumelo Juliet Faith Kgolo, Makhetha Motheo Bakang Monyane-Pheko, Viral Patel, Anthony Feinstein
Objective: To determine the feasibility of using a brief computerized battery for assessing cognition in citizens of Botswana. Method: A group of 134 healthy subjects were administered a brief computerized battery of tests (Stroop, Symbol Digit Modalities Test (c-SDMT), and 2 and 4 second versions of the Paced Visual Serial Addition Test (PVSAT)). Half the subjects were tested in English and the other half in Setswana. Results: All subjects completed the 20 min battery...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165504/cognitive-reserve-attenuates-the-effect-of-disability-on-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Margaret H Cadden, Erin T Guty, Peter A Arnett
Objective: The current study explored the moderating role of cognitive reserve on the relationship between disability and depression in a sample of individuals in which brain pathology is thought to contribute to depression (multiple sclerosis; MS). Method: Fifty-four individuals with MS were examined. Depression was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). In addition to collecting demographic (education) and disease burden (Expanded Disability Status Scale; EDSS) related variables, participants completed a neuropsychological test battery and psychosocial questionnaires...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165564/neurocognitive-performance-of-425-top-level-football-players-sport-specific-norm-values-and-implications
#3
Annika Prien, Astrid Junge, Peter Brugger, Dominik Straumann, Nina Feddermann-Demont
Objective: Concussion diagnosis and management in sports largely relies on neurocognitive testing. In the absence of baseline assessment, only norm values of the general population are available for comparison with scores of concussed athletes. To evaluate whether (elite) sport specific norm values are needed, cognitive performance was compared between top-level football players and the general population. Methods: Cognitive performance of 425 top-level football players was evaluated using the computerized test battery CNS Vital Signs...
August 25, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124744/temporal-stability-of-cognitive-functioning-and-functional-capacity-in-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Felicia Gould, Boadie W Dunlop, Jennifer B Rosenthal, Dan V Iosifescu, Sanjay J Mathew, Thomas C Neylan, Barbara O Rothbaum, Charles B Nemeroff, Philip D Harvey
Objective: In addition to clinical symptoms, patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience considerable disability and may evidence minor impairments in performance on measures of cognition and functional capacity (FC). The objective of the present study was to determine if cognitive and functional skills manifest temporal stability as observed in other neuropsychiatric conditions in the presence of greater fluctuations in clinical symptoms. Method: Assessments of cognition, FC, and clinical symptoms were conducted over two time points as part of a pre- and post-treatment assessment in a placebo-controlled clinical trial in 96 women with PTSD...
August 15, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124740/derivation-of-new-embedded-performance-validity-indicators-for-the-child-and-adolescent-memory-profile-champ-objects-subtest-in-youth-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Brian L Brooks, William S MacAllister, Taryn B Fay-McClymont, Marsha Vasserman, Elisabeth M S Sherman
Background: Development of an embedded performance validity test (PVT) is desired for visual memory tests. The goal of this study was to derive an embedded PVT for the Child and Adolescent Memory Profile (ChAMP) Objects visual memory subtest in youth with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Methods: Children and adolescents (N = 91; mean age = 14.9 years, SD = 2.2, range = 8-18) on average 25.2 weeks (SD = 15.4) post-MTBI were administered ChAMP Objects. Two stand-alone PVTs (Test of Memory Malingering and Medical Symptom Validity Test) were administered, which allowed for grouping into valid (zero failed stand-alone PVTs) and invalid (both stand-alone PVTs failed)...
August 15, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084878/initiation-inhibition-and-strategy-generation-across-the-healthy-adult-lifespan
#6
Emily C Gibson, Megan S Barker, Andrew K Martin, Gail A Robinson
Objective: Executive functions are crucial for adaptive behavior in novel contexts. In healthy aging, these abilities are more sensitive to dysfunction than other cognitive abilities. The effect of aging on initiation, inhibition, and strategy use was investigated via performance on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test. Method: The standard Hayling Test and baseline cognitive tests were administered to healthy adults (N = 344), aged 18-89 years (cross-sectional study)...
August 4, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084880/robot-diagnosis-test-for-egocentric-and-allocentric-hemineglect
#7
Vincenza Montedoro, Marie Alsamour, Stéphanie Dehem, Thierry Lejeune, Bruno Dehez, Martin G Edwards
Objective: Patients with hemineglect fail to respond to egocentric stimuli or allocentric parts of stimuli contralateral to the brain lesion. The clinical diagnosis of hemineglect mainly involves evaluation of the egocentric form, while less sensitive standardized tests exist for other forms. Our global aim is to develop an innovative integrative robot measure, the MonAmour test, combining the assessment of egocentric, allocentric and motor hemineglect. Here, we present the egocentric and allocentric evaluations...
July 31, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060006/the-social-functioning-scale-for-alzheimer-s-disease-a-short-informant-based-measure-of-functional-status-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-taiwan
#8
Yi-Jiun Lu, Ming-Jang Chiu, Ta-Fu Chen, Ting-Wen Cheng, Hsin-Yi Chen, Mau-Sun Hua
Objective: Evaluating social-functioning impairments in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) objectively is essential for clinical service. However, the existing instruments lack representative content, consensus on purposes of use, and adequate scoring systems and samples. This study was thus to develop a social functioning scale for patients: the Social Functioning Scale for Alzheimer's Disease (SFSAD). Method: Questionnaires were analyzed from 142 AD patients, 30 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 50 normal controls...
July 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059960/predictors-of-financial-capacity-in-young-adults
#9
George J Demakis, Kirk V Szczepkowski, Ashley N Johnson
Objective: To examine several predictors of financial capacity as assessed via the Independent Living Scales Money Management (ILS-MM) subtest in a regression correlational design. Method: One hundred and five college students were administered measures of financial literacy and financial experience, as well as multiple neuropsychological measures assessing language, processing speed, executive functioning, and arithmetic. Using hierarchical regression analyses, we sought to predict performance on the two subscales of the ILS-MM-Problem Solving and Performance/Information...
July 27, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007334/diagnostic-accuracy-item-analysis-and-age-effects-of-the-upsit-spanish-version-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
A Campabadal, B Segura, H C Baggio, A Abos, C Uribe, A I Garcia-Diaz, M J Marti, F Valldeoriola, Y Compta, N Bargallo, C Junque
Objective: The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSIT Spanish version and its accuracy in discriminating PD patients at different age groups from healthy controls (HC), and to perform an item analysis...
July 11, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945190/cognitive-decline-in-post-treatment-lyme-disease-syndrome
#11
Pegah Touradji, John N Aucott, Ting Yang, Alison W Rebman, Kathleen T Bechtold
Objective: Patient-reported cognitive complaints are common in those with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). Objective evidence of cognitive impairment in this population is variable in part due to methodological variability in existing studies. In this study, we sought to use a systematic approach to characterizing PTLDS based on the most current consensus diagnosis. We further examined PTLDS-related cognitive decline, operationalized as a significant decline in cognitive test performance relative to premorbid cognitive ability...
June 26, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169776/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-is-not-a-real-disease
#12
Christopher Randolph
There was a long-lasting debate during the first half of the 1900s about whether boxers suffered from a condition called "dementia pugilistica". This included arguments as to whether there was such a distinct clinical condition, whether it was static or progressive, and whether boxers were actually at any increased risk of any neurological issues at all. The debate was never resolved, but was resuscitated in 2005 with the speculation that a similar condition, dubbed "chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)" existed in retired National Football League (NFL) players...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136103/personality-and-primary-emotional-traits-disentangling-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue-and-depression
#13
Cornelia Sindermann, Jochen Saliger, Jörn Nielsen, Hans Karbe, Sebastian Markett, Maria Stavrou, Christian Montag
Objective: It remains an unresolved research objective to clarify the overlap/association between fatigue (especially its cognitive facet) and depression in People with MS (PwMS). Therefore, in this study the patterns of personality and primary emotional traits (PETs) associated with each (motoric/cognitive fatigue and depression in PwMS) were investigated and compared in order to disentangle the three constructs in PwMS. Additionally, differences in personality and PETs between PwMS and healthy controls (HC) were examined...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126201/using-mahalanobis-distance-to-evaluate-recovery-in-acute-stroke
#14
Hannah Tehan, Kate Witteveen, G Anne Tolan, Gerald Tehan, Graeme J Senior
Objective: In the weeks immediately following a stroke, impairments across multiple cognitive domains are pervasive yet there is little literature that explores cognitive recovery during this period. This paper evaluates the use of Mahalanobis distance as a means of statistically evaluating cognitive change at the individual level. Method: A small battery of standardized neuropsychological tests was administered on five or six occasions across a 2-week period to the participants recovering from a stroke and a non-stroke control group...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126130/physician-preferences-to-communicate-neuropsychological-results-comparison-of-qualitative-descriptors-and-a-proposal-to-reduce-communication-errors
#15
Mike R Schoenberg, Katie E Osborn, E Mark Mahone, Maia Feigon, Robert M Roth, Neil H Pliskin
Objective: Errors in communication are a leading cause of medical errors. A potential source of error in communicating neuropsychological results is confusion in the qualitative descriptors used to describe standardized neuropsychological data. This study sought to evaluate the extent to which medical consumers of neuropsychological assessments believed that results/findings were not clearly communicated. In addition, preference data for a variety of qualitative descriptors commonly used to communicate normative neuropsychological test scores were obtained...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126099/clinical-utility-of-select-neuropsychological-assessment-battery-tests-in-predicting-functional-abilities-in-dementia
#16
Lee Ashendorf, Michael L Alosco, Hanaan Bing-Canar, Kimberly R Chapman, Brett Martin, Christine E Chaisson, Diane Dixon, Eric G Steinberg, Yorghos Tripodis, Neil W Kowall, Robert A Stern
Objective: Neuropsychological test performance can provide insight into functional abilities in patients with dementia, particularly in the absence of an informant. The relationship between neuropsychological measures and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) is unclear due to hetereogeneity in cognitive domains assessed and neuropsychological tests administered. Practical and ecologically valid performance-based measures of IADLs are also limited. The Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) is uniquely positioned to provide a dual-purpose assessment of cognitive and IADL function, as it includes Daily Living tests that simulate real-world functional tasks...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121186/are-moral-and-socio-conventional-knowledge-impaired-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Matteo G F Vascello, Mauro Marchetti, Michele Scaltritti, Gianmarco Altoè, Maria S Spada, Guido Molinero, Andrea Manfrinati
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate explicit moral and socio-conventional knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) patients. Method: A group of 28 TBI patients was tested on a new set of moral and socio-conventional items. Responses of TBI patients were compared with those of 28 matched controls. Participants had to report how hard would be to perform specific moral or socio-conventional transgressions, using a 10-point Likert scale. We analyzed our data through mixed-effects models, to jointly assess by-participants and by-items variance...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095977/predicting-cognitive-functioning-activities-of-daily-living-and-participation-6-months-after-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#18
Madison Bertolin, Ryan Van Patten, Taylor Greif, Robert Fucetola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088343/theory-of-mind-and-executive-functions-are-dissociated-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Sonia Batista, Sandra Freitas, Ana Afonso, Carmo Macário, Lívia Sousa, Luís Cunha, Isabel Santana
Objectives: To investigate the relationship of executive functions (EF) and theory of mind (ToM) in multiple sclerosis (MS), clarifing whether ToM impairment in MS is related to EF dysfunction or whether they represent dissociable processes which can be independently impaired in MS. Methods: We enrolled 60 consecutive MS patients and 60 healthy controls (HC) matched on age, gender, and education level. All participants underwent ToM testing using the Eyes Test and the Videos Test and neuropsychological testing tapping different EF subdomains...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088321/performance-of-the-immediate-post-concussion-assessment-and-cognitive-testing-protocol-validity-indices
#20
L M Manderino, J Gunstad
Objective: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a computerized neuropsychological test battery. Athletes provide preseason baseline ImPACT scores to which post-injury scores can be compared to aid concussion diagnosis. However, if baseline scores are not accurately representative of abilities, the utility of post-injury score comparison is diminished. For this reason, ImPACT includes low score thresholds on five validity indices to identify insufficient effort at baseline, though evidence of these indices' performance is limited...
August 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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