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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096070/a-comparative-study-of-tower-of-london-scoring-systems-and-normative-data
#1
Jiri Michalec, Ondrej Bezdicek, Tomas Nikolai, Pavel Harsa, Robert Jech, Petr Silhan, Martin Hyza, Evzen Ruzicka, Tim Shallice
OBJECTIVE: Tower of London (ToL) is a planning ability task that includes multiple versions. The original ToL was developed by Shallice together with two scoring systems (ToL-SS). Another two ToL-SS were proposed by Anderson et al. and Krikorian et al. The purpose of this study is to provide normative data for four ToL-SS and explore the effects of demographic variables on ToL performance. Furthermore, we aimed to determine the discriminative validity of these ToL-SS in clinical samples...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034850/assessment-of-self-awareness-of-cognitive-function-correlations-of-self-ratings-with-actual-performance-ranks-for-tests-of-processing-speed-memory-and-executive-function-in-non-clinical-samples
#2
Johannes Rothlind, Paul Dukarm, Matthew Kraybill
OBJECTIVE: For individuals with neurologic disorders, self-awareness of cognitive impairment is associated with improved treatment course and clinical outcome. However, methods for assessment of levels of self-awareness are limited, and most require collateral information, which may not be readily available. Although distortions in self-awareness are most often associated with low cognitive ability, the frequently mixed pattern of cognitive strengths and deficits in individuals with neurologic disorders complicates assessment...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034849/comparison-of-neuropsychological-patterns-in-nigerians-with-different-heart-failure-phenotypes
#3
Philip B Adebayo, Adeseye A Akintunde, Anthonia J Adebayo, Stephen O Asaolu, Morenike Audu, Olugbenga E Ayodele
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of left ventricular dysfunction type on the pattern of neuropsychological dysfunctions among heart failure (HF) subjects. METHOD: A sub-analysis of the data of subjects recruited in a cross-sectional survey of cognitive dysfunction among Nigerians with HF was performed. Cognitive performance on the Community Screening Interview for Dementia (CSI'D), Word List Learning Delayed Recall (WLLDR), Boston Naming Test (BNT), and Modified Token Test (MTT) were compared between heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
December 28, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998904/word-memory-test-performance-across-cognitive-domains-psychiatric-presentations-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Jared A Rowland, Holly M Miskey, Timothy W Brearly, Sarah L Martindale, Robert D Shura
OBJECTIVE: The current study addressed two aims: (i) determine how Word Memory Test (WMT) performance relates to test performance across numerous cognitive domains and (ii) evaluate how current psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) history affects performance on the WMT after excluding participants with poor symptom validity. METHOD: Participants were 235 Iraq and Afghanistan-era veterans (Mage = 35.5) who completed a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993770/let-s-not-do-away-with-comprehensive-cognitive-assessments-just-yet
#5
REVIEW
W Joel Schneider, Alan S Kaufman
We review rational and empirical reasons that comprehensive cognitive assessments are useful sources of information in the evaluation and treatment of learning disabilities. However, the existing evidence base that demonstrates the value of comprehensive cognitive assessments for this purpose is not nearly as strong as it needs to be. Proponents of comprehensive cognitive assessments for learning disability identification must do more to rigorously evaluate their beliefs or else concede the argument to those with better evidence...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993769/sandbagging-on-the-immediate-post-concussion-assessment-and-cognitive-testing-impact-in-a-high-school-athlete-population
#6
Kathryn L Higgins, Robert L Denney, Arthur Maerlender
The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is a computerized neuropsychological test battery commonly used to assess cognitive functioning after a concussion. It is recommended that application of ImPACT utilizes a baseline administration so athletes have an individualized baseline with which to compare post-injury results should they sustain a concussion. It has been suggested that athletes may provide suboptimal effort, called "sandbagging," in order to return to their baseline cognitive scores, and thus to play, more quickly...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932345/comprehensive-cognitive-assessments-are-not-necessary-for-the-identification-and-treatment-of-learning-disabilities
#7
REVIEW
Jack M Fletcher, Jeremy Miciak
There is considerable controversy about the necessity of cognitive assessment as part of an evaluation for learning and attention problems. The controversy should be adjudicated through an evaluation of empirical research. We review five sources of evidence commonly provided as support for cognitive assessment as part of the learning disability (LD) identification process, highlighting significant gaps in empirical research and where existing evidence is insufficient to establish the reliability and validity of cognitive assessments used in this way...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932344/using-robust-normative-data-to-investigate-the-neuropsychology-of-cognitive-aging
#8
Karra D Harrington, Yen Ying Lim, David Ames, Jason Hassenstab, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Joanne Robertson, Olivier Salvado, Colin L Masters, Paul Maruff
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which increasing age is associated with impairment in cognitive function, termed cognitive aging, may have been overestimated in prior studies. The inclusion of individuals with severe or uncontrolled systemic medical illness or prodromal neurodegenerative disease in normal aging samples is likely to bias estimates toward lower cognitive performance and inflate estimates of variability. METHOD: Unbiased estimates of cognitive aging in 658 adults aged 60-84, who underwent rigorous screening to ensure their general and cognitive health, were computed...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913387/using-multivariate-base-rates-to-interpret-low-scores-on-an-abbreviated-battery-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#9
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908883/association-between-cognitive-complaints-and-vulnerability-to-environmental-distraction-in-multiple-sclerosis
#10
John J Randolph, Jennifer S Randolph, Heather A Wishart
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) often report cognitive dysfunction, although neuropsychological evaluation findings may not correlate with subjective concerns. One factor that may explain this lack of correspondence is the controlled testing environment, which differs from busier settings where cognitive lapses are noted to occur. This study used a novel environmental manipulation to determine whether individuals with MS who report cognitive dysfunction are more vulnerable to the effects of auditory distraction during neuropsychological testing...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799224/the-wechsler-test-of-adult-reading-as-a-measure-of-premorbid-intelligence-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Kayla A Steward, Thomas A Novack, Richard Kennedy, Michael Crowe, Daniel C Marson, Kristen L Triebel
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to determine whether the Wechsler Test of Adult Reading (WTAR) provides a stable estimate of premorbid intellectual ability in acutely injured patients recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: A total of 135 participants (43 mild TBI [mTBI], 40 moderate/severe TBI [msevTBI], 52 healthy controls) were administered the WTAR at 1 and 12 months post-injury. RESULTS: Despite similar demographic profiles, participants with msevTBI performed significantly worse than controls on the WTAR at both time points...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789443/brain-network-theory-can-predict-whether-neuropsychological-outcomes-will-differ-from-clinical-expectations
#12
David E Warren, Natalie L Denburg, Jonathan D Power, Joel Bruss, Eric J Waldron, Haoxin Sun, Steve E Petersen, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: Theories of brain-network organization based on neuroimaging data have burgeoned in recent years, but the predictive power of such theories for cognition and behavior has only rarely been examined. Here, predictions from clinical neuropsychologists about the cognitive profiles of patients with focal brain lesions were used to evaluate a brain-network theory (Warren et al., 2014). METHOD: Neuropsychologists made predictions regarding the neuropsychological profiles of a neurological patient sample (N = 30) based on lesion location...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765734/current-public-knowledge-pertaining-to-traumatic-brain-injury-influence-of-demographic-factors-social-trends-and-sport-concussion-experience-on-the-understanding-of-traumatic-brain-injury-sequelae
#13
Zachary C Merz, Ryan Van Patten, John Lace
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to assess current broad traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related knowledge in the general public, as well as understanding regarding specific TBI-related conditions including post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). METHODS: Data were collected from 307 domestic and 73 international individuals via online researcher-developed survey instrumentation utilizing the Amazon Mechanical Turk marketplace, a recently developed website that allows for a streamlined process of survey-based participant recruitment and data collection...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737850/cognitively-impaired-not-demented-status-moderates-the-time-varying-association-between-finger-tapping-inconsistency-and-executive-performance
#14
Drew W R Halliday, Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Response time inconsistency (RTI) in cognitive performance predicts deleterious health outcomes in late-life; however, RTI estimates are often confounded by additional influences (e.g., individual differences in learning). Finger tapping is a basic sensorimotor measure largely independent of higher-order cognition that may circumvent such confounds of RTI estimates. We examined the within-person coupling of finger-tapping mean and RTI on working memory, and the moderation of these associations by cognitive status...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707700/cognitive-linguistic-and-motor-abilities-in-a-multigenerational-family-with-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#15
Bronwyn Carrigg, Louise Parry, Elise Baker, Lawrence D Shriberg, Kirrie J Ballard
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the phenotype in a large family with a strong, multigenerational history of severe speech sound disorder (SSD) persisting into adolescence and adulthood in approximately half the cases. Aims were to determine whether a core phenotype, broader than speech, separated persistent from resolved SSD cases; and to ascertain the uniqueness of the phenotype relative to published cases. METHOD: Eleven members of the PM family (9-55 years) were assessed across cognitive, language, literacy, speech, phonological processing, numeracy, and motor domains...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680089/decision-making-in-cognitively-unimpaired-illiterate-and-low-educated-older-women-results-on-the-iowa-gambling-task
#16
Luciana Cassimiro, Daniel Fuentes, Ricardo Nitrini, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the pattern of decision-making (DM) on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in a sample of Portuguese speaking healthy older women in Brazil with limited education: illiterate, 1-2 years, and 3-4 years of schooling. METHODS: Around 164 non-demented community-dwelling women participated in the study. Among them 60 were illiterate, 52 had 1-2 years of schooling and 52 had 3-4 years of schooling. Participants completed the instruments: Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB), Mini-Mental State Examination, Verbal Fluency Test (animal category), Clock Drawing Test, Geriatric Depression Scale, Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Digit Span Forward and Backward, Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, and IGT...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680088/to-change-is-human-abnormal-reliable-change-memory-scores-are-common-in-healthy-adults-and-older-adults
#17
Brian L Brooks, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: The rate at which people obtain reliably improved or declined cognitive test scores when retested, in the absence of a change in clinical condition, is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the prevalence of statistically reliable change scores on memory test batteries in healthy adults and older adults. METHOD: Participants included three adult and older adult test-retest samples from memory test batteries. Reliable change scores (reliable change index with 90% confidence interval and practice effects) were calculated for the indexes and subtests of each battery...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680087/memory-binding-test-distinguishes-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-from-cognitively-normal-elderly
#18
Herman Buschke, Wenzhu B Mowrey, Wendy S Ramratan, Molly E Zimmerman, David A Loewenstein, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess reliability and cross-sectional discriminative validity of the Memory Binding Test (MBT) to distinguish persons with amnestic cognitive impairment (aMCI) and dementia from cognitively normal elderly controls. METHOD: The MBT was administered to 20 participants with dementia, 31 with aMCI and 246 controls, who received the first administration of the MBT from May 2003 to December 2007, as a substudy of the community-based Einstein Aging Study (age range: 70+)...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650713/the-clinical-utility-of-the-conners-continuous-performance-test-ii-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Katherine L Zane, Jeffrey D Gfeller, P Tyler Roskos, Richard D Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: The Conners' Continuous Performance Test Second Edition (CPT-II) is a measure commonly used in persons with suspected attentional deficits. Our study examined the utility of the CPT-II as a measure of attention in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of varying severity. METHOD: As part of a larger investigation, several measures of cognitive functioning, including the CPT-II, were administered to 30 healthy control participants (HCP), 30 mild TBI participants (M-TBI), and 30 moderate to severe TBI participants (MS-TBI)...
September 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625048/normative-data-for-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-quebec-french-people
#20
Eddy Larouche, Marie-Pier Tremblay, Olivier Potvin, Sophie Laforest, David Bergeron, Robert Laforce, Laura Monetta, Linda Boucher, Pascale Tremblay, Sylvie Belleville, Dominique Lorrain, Jean-François Gagnon, Nadia Gosselin, Christian-Alexandre Castellano, Stephen C Cunnane, Joël Macoir, Carol Hudon
OBJECTIVE: Given that aging is associated with higher risk of cognitive decline and dementia, improving early detection of cognitive impairment has become a research and clinical priority. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a screening instrument used to assess different aspects of cognition. Despite its widespread use, norms adjusted to the sociodemographics of Quebec-French people are not yet available. Such norms are however important because performance on neuropsychological tests varies according to sociodemographic variables including age, sex, and education...
September 13, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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