journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913387/using-multivariate-base-rates-to-interpret-low-scores-on-an-abbreviated-battery-of-the-delis-kaplan-executive-function-system
#1
Justin E Karr, Mauricio A Garcia-Barrera, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908883/association-between-cognitive-complaints-and-vulnerability-to-environmental-distraction-in-multiple-sclerosis
#2
John J Randolph, Jennifer S Randolph, Heather A Wishart
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) often report cognitive dysfunction, although neuropsychological evaluation findings may not correlate with subjective concerns. One factor that may explain this lack of correspondence is the controlled testing environment, which differs from busier settings where cognitive lapses are noted to occur. This study used a novel environmental manipulation to determine whether individuals with MS who report cognitive dysfunction are more vulnerable to the effects of auditory distraction during neuropsychological testing...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799224/the-wechsler-test-of-adult-reading-as-a-measure-of-premorbid-intelligence-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Kayla A Steward, Thomas A Novack, Richard Kennedy, Michael Crowe, Daniel C Marson, Kristen L Triebel
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to determine whether the Wechsler Test of Adult Reading (WTAR) provides a stable estimate of premorbid intellectual ability in acutely injured patients recovering from traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: A total of 135 participants (43 mild TBI [mTBI], 40 moderate/severe TBI [msevTBI], 52 healthy controls) were administered the WTAR at 1 and 12 months post-injury. RESULTS: Despite similar demographic profiles, participants with msevTBI performed significantly worse than controls on the WTAR at both time points...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789443/brain-network-theory-can-predict-whether-neuropsychological-outcomes-will-differ-from-clinical-expectations
#4
David E Warren, Natalie L Denburg, Jonathan D Power, Joel Bruss, Eric J Waldron, Haoxin Sun, Steve E Petersen, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: Theories of brain-network organization based on neuroimaging data have burgeoned in recent years, but the predictive power of such theories for cognition and behavior has only rarely been examined. Here, predictions from clinical neuropsychologists about the cognitive profiles of patients with focal brain lesions were used to evaluate a brain-network theory (Warren et al., 2014). METHOD: Neuropsychologists made predictions regarding the neuropsychological profiles of a neurological patient sample (N = 30) based on lesion location...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765734/current-public-knowledge-pertaining-to-traumatic-brain-injury-influence-of-demographic-factors-social-trends-and-sport-concussion-experience-on-the-understanding-of-traumatic-brain-injury-sequelae
#5
Zachary C Merz, Ryan Van Patten, John Lace
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to assess current broad traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related knowledge in the general public, as well as understanding regarding specific TBI-related conditions including post-concussive syndrome (PCS) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). METHODS: Data were collected from 307 domestic and 73 international individuals via online researcher-developed survey instrumentation utilizing the Amazon Mechanical Turk marketplace, a recently developed website that allows for a streamlined process of survey-based participant recruitment and data collection...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737850/cognitively-impaired-not-demented-status-moderates-the-time-varying-association-between-finger-tapping-inconsistency-and-executive-performance
#6
Drew W R Halliday, Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Response time inconsistency (RTI) in cognitive performance predicts deleterious health outcomes in late-life; however, RTI estimates are often confounded by additional influences (e.g., individual differences in learning). Finger tapping is a basic sensorimotor measure largely independent of higher-order cognition that may circumvent such confounds of RTI estimates. We examined the within-person coupling of finger-tapping mean and RTI on working memory, and the moderation of these associations by cognitive status...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707700/cognitive-linguistic-and-motor-abilities-in-a-multigenerational-family-with-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#7
Bronwyn Carrigg, Louise Parry, Elise Baker, Lawrence D Shriberg, Kirrie J Ballard
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the phenotype in a large family with a strong, multigenerational history of severe speech sound disorder (SSD) persisting into adolescence and adulthood in approximately half the cases. Aims were to determine whether a core phenotype, broader than speech, separated persistent from resolved SSD cases; and to ascertain the uniqueness of the phenotype relative to published cases. METHOD: Eleven members of the PM family (9-55 years) were assessed across cognitive, language, literacy, speech, phonological processing, numeracy, and motor domains...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680089/decision-making-in-cognitively-unimpaired-illiterate-and-low-educated-older-women-results-on-the-iowa-gambling-task
#8
Luciana Cassimiro, Daniel Fuentes, Ricardo Nitrini, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the pattern of decision-making (DM) on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in a sample of Portuguese speaking healthy older women in Brazil with limited education: illiterate, 1-2 years, and 3-4 years of schooling. METHODS: Around 164 non-demented community-dwelling women participated in the study. Among them 60 were illiterate, 52 had 1-2 years of schooling and 52 had 3-4 years of schooling. Participants completed the instruments: Brief Cognitive Screening Battery (BCSB), Mini-Mental State Examination, Verbal Fluency Test (animal category), Clock Drawing Test, Geriatric Depression Scale, Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Digit Span Forward and Backward, Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, and IGT...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680088/to-change-is-human-abnormal-reliable-change-memory-scores-are-common-in-healthy-adults-and-older-adults
#9
Brian L Brooks, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: The rate at which people obtain reliably improved or declined cognitive test scores when retested, in the absence of a change in clinical condition, is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the prevalence of statistically reliable change scores on memory test batteries in healthy adults and older adults. METHOD: Participants included three adult and older adult test-retest samples from memory test batteries. Reliable change scores (reliable change index with 90% confidence interval and practice effects) were calculated for the indexes and subtests of each battery...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680087/memory-binding-test-distinguishes-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-from-cognitively-normal-elderly
#10
Herman Buschke, Wenzhu B Mowrey, Wendy S Ramratan, Molly E Zimmerman, David A Loewenstein, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess reliability and cross-sectional discriminative validity of the Memory Binding Test (MBT) to distinguish persons with amnestic cognitive impairment (aMCI) and dementia from cognitively normal elderly controls. METHOD: The MBT was administered to 20 participants with dementia, 31 with aMCI and 246 controls, who received the first administration of the MBT from May 2003 to December 2007, as a substudy of the community-based Einstein Aging Study (age range: 70+)...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650713/the-clinical-utility-of-the-conners-continuous-performance-test-ii-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Katherine L Zane, Jeffrey D Gfeller, P Tyler Roskos, Richard D Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: The Conners' Continuous Performance Test Second Edition (CPT-II) is a measure commonly used in persons with suspected attentional deficits. Our study examined the utility of the CPT-II as a measure of attention in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of varying severity. METHOD: As part of a larger investigation, several measures of cognitive functioning, including the CPT-II, were administered to 30 healthy control participants (HCP), 30 mild TBI participants (M-TBI), and 30 moderate to severe TBI participants (MS-TBI)...
September 20, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625048/normative-data-for-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-quebec-french-people
#12
Eddy Larouche, Marie-Pier Tremblay, Olivier Potvin, Sophie Laforest, David Bergeron, Robert Laforce, Laura Monetta, Linda Boucher, Pascale Tremblay, Sylvie Belleville, Dominique Lorrain, Jean-François Gagnon, Nadia Gosselin, Christian-Alexandre Castellano, Stephen C Cunnane, Joël Macoir, Carol Hudon
OBJECTIVE: Given that aging is associated with higher risk of cognitive decline and dementia, improving early detection of cognitive impairment has become a research and clinical priority. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a screening instrument used to assess different aspects of cognition. Despite its widespread use, norms adjusted to the sociodemographics of Quebec-French people are not yet available. Such norms are however important because performance on neuropsychological tests varies according to sociodemographic variables including age, sex, and education...
September 13, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625047/assessment-of-performance-validity-using-embedded-saccadic-and-manual-indices-on-a-continuous-performance-test
#13
David M Barry, Mark L Ettenhofer
OBJECTIVE: In addition to manual (i.e., "button press") metrics, oculomotor metrics demonstrate considerable promise as tools for detecting invalid responding in neurocognitive assessment. This study was conducted to evaluate saccadic and manual metrics from a computerized continuous performance test as embedded indices of performance validity. METHOD: Receiver operating characteristic analyses, logistic regressions, and ANOVAs were performed to evaluate saccadic and manual metrics in classification of healthy adults instructed to feign deficits ("Fake Bad" group; n = 24), healthy adults instructed to perform their best ("Best Effort" group; n = 26), and adults with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) who passed a series of validity indices ("mTBI-Pass" group; n = 19)...
September 13, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620627/not-all-differences-between-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-subjects-are-pathological-performance-on-the-conners-continuous-performance-test
#14
Beatriz López-Luengo, Alejandro González-Andrade, Miguel García-Cobo
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed attentional performance in patients with schizophrenia during a continuous performance task requiring a high response rate. METHOD: The Conners' Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II) was administered to 64 patients with schizophrenia and 64 healthy comparison subjects. A cross-sectional design was used in order to allow analysis of the means between patients and healthy subjects. Differences in performance were assessed for significance using ANCOVA...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600452/similarities-and-differences-of-neuropsychological-profiles-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls-using-cluster-and-discriminant-function-analyses
#15
Mark Rose, Kristin Stedal, Marie-Claire Reville, Betteke Maria van Noort, Viola Kappel, Ian Frampton, Beth Watkins, Bryan Lask
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify discrete neuropsychological profiles and their relationship to clinical symptoms in 253 female children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 170 healthy controls (HCs) using a standardised neuropsychological assessment battery. METHOD: Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify the optimum number of clusters, and participants were assigned using K-means cluster analysis. Confirmatory discriminant function analysis determined which combination of neuropsychological variables best distinguished the clusters RESULTS: Three distinct clusters in the AN sample emerged- AN cluster 1 (19%) - "neuropsychologically low average to average"; AN cluster 2 (33%) - "verbal/visuo-spatial discrepancy"; and AN cluster 3 (48%) - "verbally strong and neuropsychologically average to high average"...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600451/corrigendum-the-behavioral-dyscontrol-scale-ii-with-non-elderly-veterans
#16
Robert D Shura, Jared A Rowland, Ruth E Yoash-Gantz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600450/treatment-resistant-major-depressive-disorder-with-psychotic-features-is-associated-with-impaired-processing-speed
#17
Hanna Leinola, Kirsi Honkalampi, Tuomo Hänninen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Soili M Lehto, Anu Ruusunen, Heimo Viinamäki, Minna Valkonen-Korhonen
OBJECTIVE: A proportion of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) show cognitive impairment that is associated with treatment nonresponse and poorer functional recovery. A broader range of cognitive dysfunction has been found to be associated with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) and with the presence of psychotic symptoms. Thus far, the effects of psychotic symptoms on the neuropsychological profile of patients with treatment-resistant MDD have not been investigated. METHOD: In the present study, 44 treatment-resistant MDD patients with (n = 12) or without (n = 32) psychotic symptoms-based on the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID I)-were compared with regard to their clinical status and performance in a neuropsychological test battery...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600449/semantic-verbal-fluency-normative-data-in-older-spanish-adults-from-nedices-population-based-cohort
#18
Israel Contador, Katie Almondes, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Elina Boycheva, Verónica Puertas-Martín, Julián Benito-León, Félix Bermejo-Pareja
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide the normative data stratified by age, sex and educational attainment for two semantic categories (animal and fruits) in older Spanish adults. METHOD: A representative sample of 2,744 non-demented older individuals with different socioeconomic background was selected from the Neurological Disorders in Central Spain (NEDICES), a population-based study. Normative data are presented in percentile ranks and divided into four age-tables with different midpoints, using the overlapping interval procedure...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600448/computerized-structured-cognitive-training-in-patients-affected-by-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease-is-feasible-and-effective-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Marco Cavallo, Edyta Monika Hunter, Karin van der Hiele, Chiara Angilletta
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) presents with significant neuropsychological deficits. Cognitive training in AD has recently started to demonstrate its efficacy. In this study, we implemented computerized cognitive training of a large group of early-stage AD patients, to identify its effects at a neuropsychological level and to investigate whether they were stable after 6 months. METHOD: Overall, 80 AD patients were randomized in two groups. Patients in the experimental group used a structured rehabilitative software three times a week for 12 consecutive weeks aimed at training memory, attention, executive function and language skills, whereas patients in the control group underwent a control intervention...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600447/interaction-effect-of-awareness-and-educational-attainment-on-the-benefits-of-multicomponent-intervention-for-persons-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Israel Contador, Bernardino Fernández-Calvo, Francisco Ramos, Daniel C Mograbi, Robin G Morris
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the effect of education on cognitive outcome following a multicomponent intervention program (MIP) for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), also exploring the additional effect of level of awareness. METHODS: Fifty-five participants with mild AD were randomized to an MIP (intervention group; IG) or a waiting-list (WL) group. They were further stratified into 4 groups by educational attainment (high vs. low) and level of awareness (aware [IGU-] vs...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
journal
journal
30389
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"