journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501930/association-of-gwas-reported-variant-rs11196288-near-habp2-with-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-han-population
#1
Shao-Hua Li, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Sheng Li, Fang Li, Mi-Bo Tang, Xin-Jing Liu, Shuo Zhang, Zhi-Lei Wang, Bo Song, Yu-Ming Xu
A recent genome-wide association analysis identified a novel single nucleotide polymorphism locus on chromosome 10q25.3 (rs11196288, near HABP2) associated with the risk of early-onset ischemic stroke (IS) in European population, but not with late-onset IS. However, the role of this genome-wide association study (GWAS)-reported variant in ischemic stroke in Chinese Han population remained unknown. In our study, 389 adult ischemic stroke patients with an age of onset <60 years and 389 matched healthy controls were enrolled to investigate association of rs11196288 genotypes with early-onset ischemic stroke and its subtypes; the association was further examined in another independent population consisting of 349 ischemic stroke patients with an age of onset ≧60 years and 349 matched healthy individuals...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477215/validating-gwas-variants-from-microglial-genes-implicated-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Lígia Ramos Dos Santos, Lúcia Helena Sagrillo Pimassoni, Geralda Gillian Silva Sena, Daniela Camporez, Luciano Belcavello, Maíra Trancozo, Renato Lírio Morelato, Flavia Imbroisi Valle Errera, Maria Rita Passos Bueno, Flavia de Paula
Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder that corresponds to most Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases. Inflammation is frequently related to AD, whereas microglial cells are the major phagocytes in the brain and mediate the removal of Aβ peptides. Microglial cell dsyregulation might contribute to the formation of amyloid plaques, a hallmark of AD. Genome-wide association studies have reported genetic loci associated with the inflammatory pathway involved in AD. Among them, rs3865444 CD33, rs3764650 ABCA7, rs6656401 CR1, and rs610932 MS4A6A variants in microglial genes are associated with LOAD...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474151/alismol-a-sesquiterpenoid-isolated-from-vladimiria-souliei-suppresses-proinflammatory-mediators-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-microglia
#3
Dongdong Shi, Xiaoqiang Song, Yuanqiang Guo, Jing Xu, Yu Liu, Jingling Zhang, Chun-Ai Cui, Da-Qing Jin
Microglia activation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases by producing neurotoxic factors, such as proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO); therefore, suppression of microglia activation is a potential therapeutic approach against these diseases. Previous study showed that alismol, a sesquiterpenoid isolated from the roots of Vladimiria souliei inhibits interferon-γ-induced NO production in murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells. In the present study, we found that alismol reduced NO and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels and suppressed the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated primary and cultured microglia...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470589/novel-nfu1-variants-induced-mmds-behaved-as-special-leukodystrophy-in-chinese-sufferers
#4
Danqun Jin, Tian Yu, Le Zhang, Tao Wang, Jun Hu, Yajian Wang, Xiu-An Yang
Multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions syndrome (MMDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of systemic energy metabolism. This study is to present the diagnosis of two MMDS Chinese sufferers. Physical and auxiliary examination was performed. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was conducted to identify candidate causal genes and Sanger sequencing was adopted to validate the variants detected. Fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) amplification was carried out to testify allelic loss existence...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466255/formyl-peptide-receptor-1-mediated-glial-cell-activation-in-a-mouse-model-of-cuprizone-induced-demyelination
#5
Kai Bihler, Eugenia Kress, Stefan Esser, Stella Nyamoya, Simone C Tauber, Tim Clarner, Matthias B Stope, Thomas Pufe, Lars-Ove Brandenburg
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system that is characterized by myelin abnormalities, oligodendrocyte pathology, and concomitant glia activation. Unclear are the factors triggering gliosis and demyelination. New findings suggest an important role of the innate immune response in the initiation and progression of active demyelinating lesions. The innate immune response is induced by pathogen-associated or danger-associated molecular patterns, which are identified by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including the G-protein coupled with formyl peptide receptors (FPRs)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466254/celecoxib-alleviates-memory-deficits-by-downregulation-of-cox-2-expression-and-upregulation-of-the-bdnf-trkb-signaling-pathway-in-a-diabetic-rat-model
#6
Ying Yang, Ling Gao
Previous studies conveyed that diabetes causes learning and memory deficits. Data also suggest that celecoxib exerts an anti-hyperalgesic, anti-allodynic, and a plethora of other beneficial effects in diabetic rats. However, whether celecoxib could alleviate memory deficit in diabetic rat is unknown. In the present study, we aimed to examine the potential of celecoxib to counter memory deficits in diabetes. Experimental diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg) in male SD rats. Rats were divided into three groups (n = 16/group): normal control group injected with normal saline, diabetes group injected with STZ, and diabetes + celecoxib group in which diabetic rats were administered with celecoxib by gavage in drinking water (10 mg/kg) for 10 days in terms of which memory performance in animals was measured, hippocampal tissue harvested, and long-term potentiation assessed...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462458/crossreactivity-of-an-antiserum-directed-to-the-gram-negative-bacterium-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-with-the-snare-complex-protein-snap23-correlates-to-impaired-exocytosis-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#7
A Almamy, C Schwerk, H Schroten, H Ishikawa, A R Asif, B Reuss
Early maternal infections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) correlate to an increased lifetime schizophrenia risk for the offspring, which might be due to an immune-mediated mechanism. Here, we investigated the interactions of polyclonal antisera to NG (α-NG) with a first trimester prenatal brain multiprotein array, revealing among others the SNARE-complex protein Snap23 as a target antigen for α-NG. This interaction was confirmed by Western blot analysis with a recombinant Snap23 protein, whereas the closely related Snap25 failed to interact with α-NG...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455787/elevated-expression-of-trpc4-in-cortical-lesions-of-focal-cortical-dysplasia-ii-and-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#8
Lu-Kang Wang, Xin Chen, Chun-Qing Zhang, Chao Liang, Yu-Jia Wei, Jiong Yue, Shi-Yong Liu, Hui Yang
Focal cortical dysplasia type II (FCD II) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) are well-known causes of chronic refractory epilepsy in children. Canonical transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) are non-selective cation channels that are commonly activated by phospholipase C (PLC) stimulation. Previous studies found that TRPC4 may participate in the process of epileptogenesis. This study aimed to examine the expression and distribution of TRPC4 in FCD II (n = 24) and TSC (n = 11) surgical specimens compared with that in age-matched autopsy control samples (n = 12)...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444502/preliminary-study-on-the-role-of-tmem39a-gene-in-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Marta Wagner, Maciej Sobczyński, Małgorzata Bilińska, Anna Pokryszko-Dragan, Małgorzata Cyrul, Piotr Kuśnierczyk, Monika Jasek
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified hundreds of new potential genetic risk loci associated with numerous complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Genes which have been discovered by GWAS are now the focus of numerous ongoing studies. The goal of this study was to confirm and understand the potential role of one of such genes-transmembrane protein 39A gene (TMEM39A)-in multiple sclerosis.We showed the difference in TMEM39A messenger RNA (mRNA) expression between MS patients and controls (T (2)2;74 = 5...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439815/the-effects-of-voluntary-physical-exercise-activated-neurotrophic-signaling-in-rat-hippocampus-on-mrna-levels-of-downstream-signaling-molecules
#10
Christina A E Solvsten, Tina F Daugaard, Yonglun Luo, Frank de Paoli, Jane H Christensen, Anders L Nielsen
Physical exercise results in the increased expression of neurotrophic factors and the subsequent induction of signal transduction cascades with a positive impact on neuronal functions. In this study, we used a voluntary physical exercise rat model to determine correlations in hippocampus mRNA expression of the neurotropic factors Bdnf, VegfA, and Igf1; their receptors TrkB, Igf1R, VegfR1, and VegfrR2; and downstream signal transducers Creb, Syn1, and Vgf. In hippocampi of physically exercised rats, the mRNA expression levels of Bdnf transcript 4 (Bdnf-t4), VegfA, and Igf1, as well as VegfR1, TrkB, Creb, Vgf, and Syn1, were increased...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429235/regulation-of-human-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cell-adhesion-and-barrier-functions-by-memantine
#11
Fei Wang, Zhirong Zou, Yi Gong, Dong Yuan, Xun Chen, Tao Sun
Vascular risk factors have been linked to cognitive decline and dementia in the elderly. Microvascular inflammation, especially of the endothelium, may contribute to the progression of neurodegenerative events in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Memantine, an uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, is a licensed drug used for the treatment of moderate to severe AD. However, little information is available regarding its anti-inflammatory effects on the endothelium. In this study, we investigated the effects of memantine on human brain microvascular endothelial dysfunction induced by the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429234/neuron-to-neuron-transfer-of-fus-in-drosophila-primary-neuronal-culture-is-enhanced-by-als-associated-mutations
#12
Sébastien Feuillette, Morgane Delarue, Gaëtan Riou, Anne-Lise Gaffuri, Jane Wu, Zsolt Lenkei, Olivier Boyer, Thierry Frébourg, Dominique Campion, Magalie Lecourtois
The DNA- and RNA-binding protein fused in sarcoma (FUS) has been pathologically and genetically linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Cytoplasmic FUS-positive inclusions were identified in the brain and spinal cord of a subset of patients suffering with ALS/FTLD. An increasing number of reports suggest that FUS protein can behave in a prion-like manner. However, no neuropathological studies or experimental data were available regarding cell-to-cell spread of these pathological protein assemblies...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424976/the-involvement-of-nr2b-and-tau-protein-in-mg132-induced-creb-dephosphorylation
#13
Min Xie, Yuan Li, Shao-Hui Wang, Qun-Tao Yu, Xin Meng, Xiao-Mei Liao
Transcription factor cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) plays a critical role in memory formation. Ubiquitin-proteasome system-dependent protein degradation affects the upstream signaling pathways which regulate CREB activity. However, the molecular mechanisms of proteasome inhibition on reductive CREB activity are still unclear. The current study demonstrated that MG132-inhibited proteasome activity resulted in a dose dependence of CREB dephosphorylation at Ser133 as well as decreased phosphorylation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit NR2B (Tyr1472) and its tyrosine protein kinase Fyn (Tyr416)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401370/the-research-on-the-relationship-of-rage-lrp-1-and-a%C3%AE-accumulation-in-the-hippocampus-prefrontal-lobe-and-amygdala-of-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#14
Lou-Yan Ma, Yu-Lang Fei, Xiao-Ye Wang, Song-Di Wu, Jun-Hui Du, Mei Zhu, Long Jin, Ming Li, Hai-Long Li, Jia-Jia Zhai, Lu-Peng Ji, Ran-Ran Ma, Song-Fang Liu, Mo Li, Li Ma, Xiao-Rui Ma, Qiu-Min Qu, Ya-Li Lv
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been regarded as an important risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and diabetic patients and animals have shown cognitive dysfunction. More research has shown that the amyloid-β (Aβ), which is a hallmark of AD, was found deposited in the hippocampus of diabetic rats. This Aβ accumulation is regulated by the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP-1). However, the expression of RAGE and LRP-1 in diabetic rats is not very clear...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401369/the-importance-of-vegf-kdr-signaling-pathway-genes-should-not-be-ignored-when-the-risk-of-developing-multiple-sclerosis-is-taken-into-consideration
#15
Mehrdokht Mazdeh, Rezvan Noroozi, Jalal Gharesouran, Arezou Sayad, Alireza Komaki, Mohammad Mahdi Eftekharian, Mohsen Habibi, Mehdi Toghi, Mohammad Taheri
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor kinase insert domain-containing receptor (KDR) pathway trigger the process of angiogenesis as well as inflammation, which contributes to the development and progression of demyelinating lesions in multiple sclerosis. This work is a case-control study comprising of a total of 400 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 400 healthy controls. Participants were subjected to neurological examination and peripheral blood sampling for genotyping. Polymorphisms in the VEGF and KDR genes were assessed using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP-PCR) method...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401368/erratum-to-mir-9-5p-down-regulates-pit2-but-not-pit1-in-human-embryonic-kidney-293-cells
#16
D P Bezerra, M Keasey, J R M Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386642/absence-of-carboxypeptidase-e-neurotrophic-factor-%C3%AE-1-in-knock-out-mice-leads-to-dysfunction-of-bdnf-trkb-signaling-in-hippocampus
#17
Lan Xiao, Su-Youne Chang, Zhi-Gang Xiong, Prabhuanand Selveraj, Y Peng Loh
Carboxypeptidase E (CPE), first discovered as a prohormone processing enzyme, has also now been shown to be a secreted neurotrophic factor (neurotrophic factor-α1, NF-α1) that acts extracellularly as a signaling molecule to mediate neuroprotection, cortical stem cell differentiation, and antidepressive-like behavior in mice. Since brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has very similar trophic functions, and its processing from pro-BDNF involves intracellular sorting of pro-BDNF to the regulated secretory pathway by CPE acting as a sorting receptor, we investigated whether the lack of CPE/NF-α1 would affect BDNF-TrkB signaling in mice...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378260/effect-of-metformin-on-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-comparison-with-donepezil-and-links-to-cognition
#18
Sara Ahmed, Zahra Mahmood, Aneela Javed, Shoaib Naiyer Hashmi, Inga Zerr, Saima Zafar, Saadia Zahid
Recent studies have uncovered evidence suggesting that interference with hippocampal adult neurogenesis contributes to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Evidence supporting that AD is a metabolic disease with derangements in brain glucose utilization implies the use of anti-diabetics as an alternate therapeutic strategy. The present study drew comparison between the pro-neurogenic potential of metformin and donepezil in AlCl3-induced mouse model of neurodegeneration. Morris water maze task and subsequent immunohistochemical evaluation for NeuN was conducted...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364364/possible-reversal-of-ptsd-related-dna-methylation-by-sympathetic-blockade
#19
REVIEW
Eugene G Lipov, Kenneth Candido, Elspeth C Ritchie
Studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level increase is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) risk. BDNF may be a "missing-link" that mediates the interaction between genetics, environment, and the sympathetic system. Trauma has been shown to induce DNA methylation that in turn can increase BDNF concentration due to increased gene expression. Therapies that focus on the reduction of beta-NGF (BNGF) levels may impact PTSD symptoms. The focus of this paper is to discuss possible effect of stellate ganglion block (SGB) on epigenetic changes noted with PTSD mediated by BDNF and NGF...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343294/neuroprotective-role-of-exogenous-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-hypoxia-hypoglycemia-induced-hippocampal-neuron-injury-via-regulating-trkb-mir134-signaling
#20
Weidong Huang, Facai Meng, Jie Cao, Xiaobin Liu, Jie Zhang, Min Li
Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is an important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been reported to play a neuroprotective role in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury; however, the specific effects and mechanism of BDNF on hypoxic-hypoglycemic hippocampal neuron injury remains unknown. The current study investigated the action of BDNF in regulating cerebral hypoxic-ischemic injury by simulating hippocampal neuron ischemia and hypoxia. We found that BDNF, p-Trkb, and miR-134 expression levels decreased, and that exogenous BDNF increased survival and reduced apoptosis in hypoxic-hypoglycemic hippocampal neurons...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
journal
journal
30380
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"