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European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324181/trigeminocardiac-reflex-during-endoscopic-juvenile-nasopharyngeal-angiofibroma-surgery-an-appraisal
#1
Shilpee Bhatia Sharma, Trichy Narayanan Janakiram, Hina Baxi, Balamurugan Chinnasamy
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a locally aggressive benign tumour which has propensity to erode the skull base. The tumour spreads along the pathways of least resistance and is in close proximity to the extracranial part of trigeminal nerve. Advancements in expanded approaches for endoscopic excision of tumours in infratemporal fossa and pterygopalatine fossa increase the vulnerability for the trigeminocardiac reflex. The manipulation of nerve and its branches during tumour dissection can lead to sensory stimulation and thus inciting the reflex...
March 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324180/lateral-pharyngotomy-approach-in-the-treatment-of-oropharyngeal-carcinoma
#2
Andy Bertolin, Guido Ghirardo, Marco Lionello, Luciano Giacomelli, Marco Lucioni, Giuseppe Rizzotto
Surgery for early-intermediate oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) may involve using transoral endoscopic approaches or open surgical procedures. "Lateral pharyngotomy" (LP) is an open surgical approach that improves exposure of the oropharyngeal region, while avoiding mandibulotomy. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyze our experience with the surgical treatment of early-intermediate OPSCC using the LP approach, and to investigate the potentially prognostic clinical and/or pathological factors that might identify patients at higher risk of recurrence after primary surgery...
March 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315933/coblation-tonsillectomy-a-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#3
Christopher Metcalfe, Jameel Muzaffar, Charles Daultrey, Christopher Coulson
Coblation is one of the more recent techniques for tonsillectomy; however, it remains unclear whether it exhibits any benefit or increased risk when compared to other techniques. This review provides an updated assessment of coblation tonsillectomy and how it compares to other tonsillectomy techniques. Systematic review and descriptive analysis of published literature. Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Database were performed. We included all randomized control trials comparing coblation tonsillectomy (not 'tonsillotomy') with any other tonsillectomy technique...
March 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314960/the-effectiveness-of-postoperative-intervention-in-patients-after-rhinoplasty-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ho Seok Lee, Ho Young Yoon, In Hye Kim, Se Hwan Hwang
Rhinoplasty is the most common facial plastic surgical procedure, and the occurrence of periorbital edema and ecchymosis is normal after rhinoplasty. The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy of postoperative care of edema and ecchymosis following rhinoplasty. Two authors independently searched the databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database) from inception to September 2016. We included studies that compared postoperative care methods (intervention groups) with no treatment (control group) where the outcomes of interest were edema, ecchymosis, and satisfaction rate of patients on postoperative days...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314959/cancer-of-unknown-primary-cup-of-the-head-and-neck-retrospective-analysis-of-81-patients
#5
Basel Al Kadah, Giorgos Papaspyrou, Maximilian Linxweiler, Bernhard Schick, Christian Rübe, Benjamin Simeon Büchler, Marcus Niewald
The treatment of patients with cervical lymph node metastases without detectable primary tumor remains an important challenge, until today, no standard therapy is available. The present study investigated the multimodal treatment of patients with head and neck CUP syndrome (HNCUP) and their follow-up retrospectively. 81 patients with cervical lymph node metastases without a primary tumor were treated at the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology as well as Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology at the University of Saarland in Homburg, Germany in the period between 1991 and 2013...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314958/unilateral-vocal-fold-immobility-a-tertiary-hospital-s-experience-over-5-years
#6
Vyas M N Prasad, Raja Fakhoury, Diane Helou, Georges Lawson, Marc Remacle
The objective of the study was to determine the etiology and subsequent management of patients with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) and compare our results with other such studies. This was a retrospective case series of all patients that were treated for UVFI at one single tertiary referral centre between 2010 and 2014. The medical records of 161 patients over a 5-year period diagnosed with UVFI were analyzed. We looked at the patient demographics, side of immobility, etiology, management and voice assessment...
March 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299426/immunoexpression-of-glut-1-and-angiogenic-index-in-pleomorphic-adenomas-adenoid-cystic-carcinomas-and-mucoepidermoid-carcinomas-of-the-salivary-glands
#7
Lélia Batista de Souza, Lucileide Castro de Oliveira, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Maria Luiza Diniz de Sousa Lopes, Leão Pereira Pinto, Lélia Maria Guedes Queiroz
This study aimed to evaluate and compare the immunoexpression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) and angiogenic index between pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs), and mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs) of the salivary glands, and establish associations with the respective subtype/histological grade. Twenty PAs, 20 ACCs, and 10 MECs were submitted to morphological and immunohistochemical analysis. GLUT-1 expression was semi-quantitatively evaluated and angiogenic index was assessed by microvessel counts using anti-CD34 antibody...
March 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299425/assessment-of-nasalance-and-nasality-in-patients-with-a-repaired-cleft-palate
#8
Klaus Sinko, Maike Gruber, Reinhold Jagsch, Imme Roesner, Arnulf Baumann, Arno Wutzl, Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert
In patients with a repaired cleft palate, nasality is typically diagnosed by speech language pathologists. In addition, there are various instruments to objectively diagnose nasalance. To explore the potential of nasalance measurements after cleft palate repair by NasalView(®), we correlated perceptual nasality and instrumentally measured nasalance of eight speech items and determined the relationship between sensitivity and specificity of the nasalance measures by receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analyses and AUC (area under the curve) computation for each single test item and specific item groups...
March 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299424/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-concerning-relationship-between-increased-carotid-artery-stiffness-and-idiopathic-subjective-tinnitus
#9
LETTER
Cem Bayraktar, Sevgi Taşolar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293786/nonanaplastic-follicular-cell-derived-thyroid-carcinoma-mitosis-and-necrosis-in-long-term-follow-up
#10
Daniel Bräuner Skansing, Stefano Christian Londero, Pia Asschenfeldt, Stine Rosenkilde Larsen, Christian Godballe
Nonanaplastic follicular cell-derived thyroid carcinoma (NAFCTC) includes differentiated- (DTC) and poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC). DTC has an excellent prognosis, while PDTC is situated between DTC and anaplastic carcinomas. Short-term studies suggest that PDTC patients diagnosed only on tumor necrosis and/or mitosis have a prognosis similar to those diagnosed according to the TURIN proposal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prognosis for NAFCTC based on long-term follow-up illuminating the significance of tumor necrosis and mitosis...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293785/relationship-between-increased-carotid-artery-stiffness-and-idiopathic-subjective-tinnitus-methodological-issues
#11
LETTER
Reza Pakzad, Saeid Safiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293784/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-concerning-the-therapeutic-effect-of-thymoquinone-on-acoustic-trauma-induced-hearing-loss-in-rats
#12
LETTER
Ozlem Celebi Erdivanli, Mahmut Ogurlu, Engin Dursun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293783/translation-and-validation-of-the-rhinosinusitis-disability-index-for-use-in-nigeria
#13
C N Asoegwu, C C Nwawolo, N U Okubadejo
The Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI) is a validated and reliable measure of severity of chronic rhinosinusitis. The objective of this study was to translate and validate the instrument for use in Nigeria. This is a methodological study. 71 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis attending two Otolaryngology clinics in Lagos, Nigeria. Using standardized methods and trained translators, the RSDI was translated to vernacular (Yoruba language) and back-translated to culturally appropriate English. Data analysis comprised of assessment of the item quality, content validity and internal consistency of the back-translated Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (bRSDI), and correlation to the original RSDI...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293782/baha-implant-as-a-hearing-solution-for-single-sided-deafness-after-retrosigmoid-approach-for-the-vestibular-schwannoma-surgical-results
#14
Jan Boucek, Jan Vokral, Libor Cerny, Martin Chovanec, Jiří Skrivan, Eduard Zverina, Jan Betka, Michal Zabrodsky
Skull base tumors and, in particular, vestibular schwannoma (VS) are among the etiological reasons for single-sided deafness (SSD). Patients with SSD have problems in understanding speech in a noisy environment and cannot localize the direction of sounds. Baha is one of the most frequently used systems for SSD compensation. Out of 38 patients with SSD after retrosigmoid removal of VS who underwent testing with Baha softband, 16 were satisfied and were indicated for Baha implantation. Two surgical approaches have been used-the Nijmegen linear incision technique with subdermal thinning (Group I, implant BI300) and fast surgery technique without subdermal thinning (Group II, implant BIA400)...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289832/indirect-costs-related-to-caregivers-absence-from-work-after-paediatric-tonsil-surgery
#15
Gunnhildur Gudnadottir, G Ragnarson Tennvall, J Stalfors, J Hellgren
Tonsillotomy has gradually replaced tonsillectomy as the surgical method of choice in children with upper airway obstruction during sleep, because of less postoperative pain and a shorter recovery time. The aim of this study was to examine the costs related to caregivers' absenteeism from work after tonsillectomy (TE) and tonsillotomy (TT). All tonsillectomies and tonsillotomies in Sweden due to upper airway obstruction during 1 year, reported to the National Tonsil Surgery Register in children aged 1-11 were included, n = 4534...
March 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289831/surgical-and-pathogenetic-considerations-of-frontal-sinus-fungus-ball
#16
Elena Bernardini, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Susanna Fortunato, Paolo Castelnuovo, Iacopo Dallan
Fungus ball (FB) is an non-invasive form of mycosis, that generally affects immunocompetent and non-atopic subjects. Involvement of the frontal sinus is extremely rare. We report two cases with frontal sinus fungus ball that underwent endoscopic endonasal frontal Draf type IIb or III sinusotomy with complete removal of the cheesy clay-like material. There were no intra-operative or postoperative complications, and no recurrence of disease was evident during the follow-up of 51 and 26 months, respectively. The Draf type IIb or type III frontal sinusotomy seems to be highly effective for the treatment of frontal sinus FB and can represent a valid alternative to the traditional external approaches...
March 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289830/letter-to-the-editor-on-the-therapeutic-effect-of-thymoquinone-on-acoustic-trauma-induced-hearing-loss-in-rats
#17
LETTER
Alper Yenigun, Remzi Dogan, Orhan Ozturan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286927/murray-secretion-scale-and-fiberoptic-endoscopic-evaluation-of-swallowing-in-predicting-aspiration-in-dysphagic-patients
#18
Chia-Wei Kuo, Clint Tanner Allen, Chu-Chun Huang, Chia-Jung Lee
The objective of this retrospective review is to evaluate the ability of the Murray secretion scale to predict aspiration as determined by fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. Patients with dysphagia undergoing a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing study between January 2013 and November 2015 from a single, tertiary care institution were retrospectively reviewed. The Murray secretion scale and penetration aspiration scale on fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing examination were determined...
March 12, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285424/stapes-surgery-in-sweden-evaluation-of-a-national-based-register
#19
Karin Strömbäck, Lars Lundman, Andreas Bjorsne, Joakim Grendin, Anna Stjernquist-Desatnik, Ylva Dahlin-Redfors
The aim of the National Quality Registries is to monitor the outcome of healthcare given to patients. The Swedish Quality register for otosclerosis surgery is one of the nine official national registers for ear, nose and throat diseases in Sweden. Since 2004, surgical and audiological results and patient satisfaction scores have been systematically collected from a majority of the ear, nose and throat clinics performing stapes surgery in Sweden. The results of 1688 patients who underwent primary operations for otosclerosis were evaluated for 24 out of totally 26 clinics performing stapes surgery, between 2004 and 2010...
March 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285423/a-comparison-of-piezosurgery-with-conventional-techniques-for-internal-osteotomy
#20
I Koçak, R Doğan, O Gökler
To compare conventional osteotomy with the piezosurgery medical device, in terms of postoperative edema, ecchymosis, pain, operation time, and mucosal integrity, in rhinoplasty patients. In this prospective study, 49 rhinoplasty patients were randomly divided into two groups according to osteotomy technique used, either conventional osteotomy or piezosurgery. For all patients, the total duration of the operation was recorded, and photographs were taken and scored for ecchymosis and edema on postoperative days 2, 4, and 7...
March 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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