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European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230559/increased-histopathological-yield-for-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-based-on-nasal-endoscopy-of-suspected-active-lesions
#1
Olga Beltrán Rodríguez-Cabo, Edgardo Reyes, Jorge Rojas-Serrano, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez
PURPOSE: To present the results of an endoscopic and histopathologic evaluation of suspected nasal active granulomatosis with polyangiits (GPA) lesions, describe them as seen by the ENT specialist, and propose a guide for tissue sampling of the nasal cavity to improve the yield of confirmatory histology. METHODS: Randomly selected patients seen from December 1997-October 2007 had a thorough endoscopic nasal evaluation, preceded by careful cleansing of the nasal cavity...
December 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224044/pattern-of-care-and-impact-of-prognostic-factors-on-the-outcome-of-head-and-neck-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-a-systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-analysis-of-315-cases
#2
Bhanuprasad Venkatesulu, Supriya Mallick, Prashanth Giridhar, Ashish Dutt Upadhyay, Goura K Rath
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare localized plasma cell neoplasm. We intended to perform this review of the published literature to assess the demographic profile, pattern of care and survival outcomes. METHODS: Two authors independently searched PubMed, Google search and Cochrane library for eligible studies from 1950 till July 1, 2016, published in English language. RESULTS: Median age of the cohort was 57 years (range 11-85)...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224043/identification-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-subtype-in-oral-cancer-patients-through-microarray-technology
#3
Soung Min Kim, Ik Jae Kwon, Hoon Myoung, Jong Ho Lee, Suk Keun Lee
PURPOSE: Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the main source of cervical cancer. Many recent studies have revealed the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, but fewer reports have evaluated HPV in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with OSCC according to HPV and tumor types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a DNA chip kit (MY-HPV chip kit ®, Mygene Co...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224042/association-between-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-serum-aminotransferases-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Li-Da Chen, Liang-Ji Zhang, Xue-Jun Lin, Jia-Chao Qi, Hao Li, Zhi Wu, Qiao-Zhen Xu, Ya-Ping Huang, Li Lin
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested to be a potential contributing factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Studies on the association between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and NAFLD in OSA patients are limited and controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between OSA and NAFLD and the effect of CPAP therapy on serum aminotransferase levels in OSA patients. METHODS: A total of 160 consecutive patients who underwent standard polysomnography were enrolled...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214434/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-bradycardia-during-ear-nose-throat-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#5
Tjaša Ivošević, Biljana Miličić, Milovan Dimitrijević, Branislava Ivanović, Aleksandar Pavlović, Marina Stojanović, Mirko Lakićević, Ksenija Stevanović, Nevena Kalezić
Intraoperative bradycardia (IOB) is one of the most common cardiac arrhythmias observed in clinical anaesthetic practice. Controlled hypotension, as a strategy of lowering patient's blood pressure during anesthesia has been practiced for decades in head and neck surgery. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and the risk factors for intraoperative bradycardia in maxillofacial, ear, nose and throat surgery, as well as to determine whether controlled hypotension affects the occurrence of IOB. The retrospective study included 2304 patients who underwent maxillofacial, ear, nose or throat surgery...
December 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214433/overexpression-of-osteopontin-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-migration-in-human-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-and-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis
#6
Haimei Qin, Rong Wang, Guijiang Wei, Huaifei Wang, Guogang Pan, Rentong Hu, Yesheng Wei, Renguang Tang, Junli Wang
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), a malignant tumor at the top and side of the nasopharyngeal cavity, highly occurs in the southern region of China. Cancer cell metastasis is one of the leading causes of death in NPC patients. Osteopontin (OPN), is a phosphorylated extracellular matrix protein with a variety of functions, was found to be overexpressed in many cancers. However, the expression and role of OPN in patients with NPC in Guangxi, China are unclear. Here, we observed that NPC patients had upregulated OPN at mRNA protein and levels...
December 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209853/3d-endoscopic-ear-surgery-a-clinical-pilot-study
#7
Daniele Bernardeschi, Ghizlene Lahlou, Daniele De Seta, Francesca Yoshie Russo, Isabelle Mosnier, Olivier Sterkers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a new high-resolution 3D endoscope in endoscopic ear and lateral skull base surgery. METHODS: Eight patients, five women and three men, were included in this clinical pilot prospective study. Their age was 38 ± 17.3 years (mean ± SD, range 17-54 years). The right side was involved in five cases, and the left side in three cases. There were three cases of chronic otitis, one case of cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal, one case of otosclerosis, one case of cochlear implant surgery, and two cases of stage 2 vestibular schwannoma operated on with a retrosigmoid approach to preserve hearing...
December 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209852/clinical-predictors-for-satisfaction-with-incus-vibroplasty-a-preliminary-study
#8
Jae Joon Han, Jihye Rhee, Jae-Jin Song, Ja-Won Koo, Byung Yoon Choi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the subjective satisfaction after incus vibroplasty and to determine predictive factors affecting patient satisfaction in sensorineural hearing loss. DESIGN: A retrospective review of audiological data and an additional survey about subjective satisfaction after surgery were performed in 14 patients who underwent incus vibroplasty surgery. A numeric rating scale reflecting the degree of satisfaction after incus vibroplasty, compared with experiences using a conventional hearing aid, was used...
December 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209851/elevated-parathyroid-hormone-levels-after-successful-parathyroidectomy-for-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-clinical-review
#9
REVIEW
Roberto de la Plaza Llamas, José Manuel Ramia Ángel, Vladimir Arteaga Peralta, Cristina García Amador, Aylhín Joana López Marcano, Aníbal Armando Medina Velasco, Begoña González Sierra, Alba Manuel Vázquez, Raquel Aránzazu Latorre Fragua
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is traditionally deemed to be successful if serum calcium levels return to normal 6 months after parathyroidectomy. Regular monitoring of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the follow-up of patients after parathyroidectomy for PHPT has drawn attention to the presence of a normocalcemic group of patients with elevated PTH (NCePTH) during the post-operative period. The etiological factors and mechanisms underlying this condition, its consequences, and the possibility of treatment are the object of this study...
December 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204922/usefulness-of-our-proposed-olfactory-scoring-system-during-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#10
Ken Okazaki, Kenzo Tsuzuki, Kengo Hashimoto, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hironori Takebayashi, Hideki Oka, Yusuke Kojima, Yoriko Yukitatsu, Yasuo Mishiro, Masafumi Sakagami
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the current study was to examine the usefulness of our proposed olfactory scoring system in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients with olfactory disorders (n = 213) receiving endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyzed patients were divided into two groups: an eosinophilic CRS (ECRS) group (n = 153); and a non-ECRS group (n = 60). The T&T recognition threshold test was used to evaluate olfaction at baseline and at 3 and 12 months after ESS...
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204921/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-concerning-combined-microscopic-endoscopic-management-of-petrous-apex-lesions
#11
LETTER
Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Masao Noda, Hiroki Hasegawa, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204920/reply-to-the-letter-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-disease-in-the-elderly
#12
LETTER
Jérôme R Lechien, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204919/prognostic-value-of-the-lymph-node-ratio-in-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-stratified-for-hpv-status
#13
Christian Jacobi, Josepha Rauch, Jan Hagemann, Thomas Lautz, Maximilian Reiter, Philipp Baumeister
OBJECTIVE: Lymph node ratio (LNR) was shown to be a prognostic factor in laryngeal and oral cavity primaries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the lymph node ratio in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) with a high incidence of HPV-related disease. Therefore, the role of LNR was evaluated as an additional predictive parameter to the 8th edition of AJCC TNM staging system. METHODS: From December 2009 to August 2015, patients diagnosed with primary oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma were prospectively enrolled...
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204918/sialendoscopy-in-treating-pediatric-salivary-gland-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Yehuda Schwarz, Aren Bezdjian, Sam J Daniel
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review in order to evaluate the use of sialendoscopy in treating pediatric salivary gland disorders. METHODS: Eligible articles were identified through a comprehensive search of electronic databases. Using predefined inclusion criteria, published articles on sialendoscopy in children were selected and reviewed. RESULTS: 17 articles including 323 pediatric patients and 424 salivary glands managed by sialendoscopy were identified...
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204917/the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-among-children-with-genetic-syndromes
#15
Farid Alzhrani, Rayan Alhussini, Rawan Hudeib, Tuqa Alkaff, Tahera Islam, Abdulrahman Alsanosi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome and efficacy of cochlear implantation in children with genetic syndromes. METHOD: Study design: case-control study. SETTING: A cochlear implantation tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All pediatric cochlear implantation recipients with Waardenburg syndrome, Usher syndrome, Dandy-Walker syndrome, or albinism. A control group was appropriately matched to the syndromic group with regard to age at implantation and duration of device use...
December 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196807/recurrent-parotid-gland-carcinoma-how-effective-is-salvage-surgery
#16
Lluís Nisa, Urs Borner, Cilgia Dür, Andreas Arnold, Roland Giger
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent parotid gland carcinomas (PGCs) are poorly characterized and studies focusing on this topic are rare due to their low incidence. The goal of this study is to analyze the therapeutic strategies, prognostic factors, and oncological outcomes of a series of patients with recurrent PGCs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review (1997-2012) of patients with recurrent PGCs was initially treated with curative intent. RESULTS: We identified 20 patients with recurrent PGCs...
December 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192331/are-neutrophil-platelet-and-eosinophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-can-be-used-for-nasal-polyposis
#17
Ahmet Kara, Mehmet Guven, Mahmut Sinan Yilmaz, Deniz Demir, Halil Elden
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to explore the relationship of neutrophil, platelet and eosinophil-to-lymphocyte ratios and red blood cell distribution width values with nasal polyposis, and whether this could be a predictive parameter that can be used for the severity and recurrence risk of the disease. METHOD: Neutrophil/lymphocyte, platelet/lymphocyte, eosinophil/lymphocyte ratios and red blood cell distribution width values were compared between nasal polyposis patients who were reviewed in a retrospective manner and the control group comparable for age and sex...
November 30, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188437/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-relationship-between-invasion-of-the-prevertebral-space-and-distant-metastases
#18
Qi-Yong Ai, Chen-Wen Hu, Kunwar S Bhatia, Darren M C Poon, Edwin P Hui, Frankie K F Mo, Benjamin King Hong Law, Macy Tong, Brigette B Ma, Anthony T C Chan, Ann D King
PURPOSE: To identify primary sites of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) invasion on the staging head and neck magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that correlate with distant metastases (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Staging head and neck MRI examinations of 579 NPC patients were assessed for primary tumour invasion into 16 individual sites, primary stage (T) and nodal stage (N). Results were correlated with distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) using the Cox regression, and the diagnostic performance of significant independent markers for DM was calculated...
November 29, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188436/epithelial-separation-theory-for-post-tonsillectomy-secondary-hemorrhage-evidence-in-a-mouse-model-and-potential-heparin-binding-epidermal-growth-factor-like-growth-factor-therapy
#19
Daniel M Beswick, Chloe Santa Maria, Noel F Ayoub, Robson Capasso, Peter Luke Santa Maria
OBJECTIVE: To provide histological evidence to investigate a theory for post-tonsillectomy secondary hemorrhage (PTH) in a mouse model and to evaluate the potential for heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) treatment on wound healing in this model. METHODS: A prospective randomized single-blinded cohort study. A uniform tongue wound was created in 84 mice (day 0). Mice were randomized to HB-EGF (treatment, n = 42) or saline (control, n = 42)...
November 29, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185029/european-status-on-temporal-bone-training-a-questionnaire-study
#20
Andreas Frithioff, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen, Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
PURPOSE: In otorhinolaryngology training, introduction to temporal bone surgery through hands-on practice on cadaveric human temporal bones is the gold-standard training method before commencing supervised surgery. During the recent decades, the availability of such specimens and the necessary laboratory facilities for training seems to be decreasing. Alternatives to traditional training can consist of drilling artificial models made of plaster or plastic but also virtual reality (VR) simulation...
November 28, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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