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European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534117/a-multicenter-study-on-objective-and-subjective-benefits-with-a-transcutaneous-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-device-first-nordic-results
#1
Dan Dupont Hougaard, Soren Kjaergaard Boldsen, Anne Marie Jensen, Soren Hansen, Per Cayé Thomassen
Examination of objective as well as subjective outcomes with a new transcutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid device. The study was designed as a prospective multicenter consecutive case-series study involving tertiary referral centers at two Danish University Hospitals. A total of 23 patients were implanted. Three were lost to follow-up. Patients had single-sided deafness, conductive or mixed hearing loss. INTERVENTION: Rehabilitative. Aided and unaided sound field hearing was evaluated objectively using (1) pure warble tone thresholds, (2) pure-tone average (PTA4), (3) speech discrimination score (SDS) in quiet, and (4) speech reception threshold 50% at 70 dB SPL noise level (SRT50%)...
May 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528370/systematic-radiographic-evaluation-of-three-potential-implantation-sites-for-a-semi-implantable-bone-conduction-device-in-52-patients-after-previous-mastoid-surgery
#2
Bernhard G Weiss, Mattis Bertlich, Rebecka Scheele, Martin Canis, Mark Jakob, Jan M Sohns, Friedrich Ihler
The aim of this study was the evaluation of three localizations for the implantation of a semi-implantable transcutaneous bone conduction device after previous mastoid surgery. This is a retrospective review of electronic datasets of cranial computed tomography studies. The study setting is one tertiary referral center and included 52 consecutive adult patients (60 temporal bones) with a history of mastoid surgery. The intervention was virtual placement of the device with a planning software within the remaining mastoid as well as dorsal of the sigmoid sinus and caudal of the transverse sinus (retrosigmoidal localization) and dorsocranial of the parietomastoid suture and cranial of the transverse sinus (parietal localization)...
May 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528369/effect-of-physical-stress-on-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Sang Min Park, Dong-Kyu Kim
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is a reliable upper airway evaluation tool, widely used to improve surgical results in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Several factors, including sleeping position and depth of sedation, affect DISE findings. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of physical stress on DISE findings. Eighty-five patients with OSA underwent two DISE examinations at the same level of sedation. The "first DISE" (control group) was performed after polysomnography, while the "second DISE" (test group) performed immediately after a treadmill stress test...
May 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523411/apurinic-apyrimidinic-endonuclease-1-ape1-is-overexpressed-in-malignant-transformation-of-salivary-gland-pleomorphic-adenoma
#4
Leorik Pereira Silva, Thalita Santana, Bruno Tavares Sedassari, Suzana Machado de Sousa, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Roseana de Almeida Freitas, Carlos Augusto Galvão Barboza, Lélia Batista de Souza
DNA repair systems play a critical role in protecting the human genome against cumulative damage. The apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 is a protein involved in DNA base excision repair and its expression still needs to be investigated in salivary gland tumors. The objective of this study is to analyze the immunoexpression of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 in pleomorphic adenomas and carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands. A total of 33 pleomorphic adenomas and 16 carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands underwent immunohistochemical study by the polymeric biotin-free technique...
May 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#5
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508181/how-we-do-it-the-intra-operative-identification-of-a-pharyngocele
#6
Clair Saxby, Paula Coyle, Kanchana Rajaguru, George Mochloulis
A pharyngocele is an uncommon condition, where pharyngeal mucosa herniates through the thyrohyoid membrane. It can be difficult to locate when the patient is at rest. To locate the pharyngocele intra-operatively, a bag valve mask was used to inflate the herniated mucosa. We describe a cost-effective and simple way to locate the pharyngocele intra-operatively.
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508180/a-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-throat-packs-during-nasal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ali Al-Lami, Kwamena Amonoo-Kuofi, Praneta Kulloo, Raj Lakhani, Navin Prakash, Nazir Bhat
The aims of this study were to identify differences in post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and throat pain between throat packed and non-packed patient groups in nasal surgery. This was a prospective, double blind, randomised controlled trial. A water-soaked throat pack gauze was inserted in the mouth to occlude the oropharynx was used in the throat pack group. The second group received no throat pack. A validated PONV questionnaire was completed 6 h post-operatively. Visual analogue scores (VAS) for throat pain were completed in recovery, 2, and 6 h post-operatively...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508179/sternocleidomastoid-flap-augmentation-of-the-pharyngeal-closure-after-total-laryngectomy
#8
Sherif Gabr Ibrahim, Basim Metwally Wahba, Ahmed Mahmoud Elbatawi, Ahmad Mohamed Eltelety
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap augmentation of the pharyngeal closure after total laryngectomy on the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF). Thirty patients with T4a laryngeal carcinoma and none of them receiving primary radiotherapy previously were divided into two equal groups. Group A patients had SCM flap augmentation of the pharyngeal closure after total laryngectomy. Group B patients had the standard pharyngeal closure without augmentation...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508178/survey-about-the-use-of-clarithromycin-in-an-ent-outpatient-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#9
Jingchao Yan, Jianwen Shen, Ying Li, Fengmin Tang, Nianzu Chen
We undertook this survey about the use of clarithromycin in the Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Outpatient Department of Fudan University Hospital to understand its utilization patterns and rational use. A survey of prescriptions given to outpatients was carried out, and detailed information of the patients, including age, sex, diagnosis, combined medication, and other information, was recorded in Excel spreadsheets. The rationale for each prescription was evaluated retrospectively. Based on our analysis, 82.5% of the clarithromycin prescriptions were for the treatment of rhinosinusitis...
May 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501959/contralateral-sinus-involvement-of-surgically-treated-unilateral-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#10
Abdulaziz AlQahtani, N Alshaikh, A Alzarei, A Musleh, A Alamri, A Alqahtani, F Alfawwaz, F Alshammari, M Aloulah, O Marglani, S Alsaleh, T Alandejani, H Mokarbesh
Recurrence of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) is well recognized. However, there is scarcity in the literature describing involvement of the non-diseased sinuses. We aimed to evaluate the recurrence forms of unilateral AFRS as well as to study the possible predictor factors of developing the disease in the contralateral side. Patients with exclusive unilateral AFRS from (2010 to 2015) were enrolled in multi-institutional case-control study. All patients were evaluated after endoscopic sinus surgery for recurrence...
May 13, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497265/proteomics-analysis-of-pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-human-parotid-gland
#11
Ahmet Mutlu, Murat Ozturk, Gurler Akpinar, Murat Kasap, Aylin Kanli
The objective of this study is to perform proteomic analysis of pleomorphic adenoma (PA) in the human parotid gland (PG) with comparison of normal PG. This is an individual prospective randomized controlled trial. This study was performed in a tertiary referral center. Tissue samples of PG and PA were taken after surgical excision of PG from 13 patients. Protein extracts were prepared and protein pools created from the soluble extracts were subjected to 2D-DIGE analysis. Proteins displaying regulation in their abundance were determined and identified using MALDIT-OF/TOF analysis...
May 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497264/classification-of-parotidectomy-a-proposed-modification-to-the-european-salivary-gland-society-classification-system
#12
Wai Keat Wong, Subhaschandra Shetty
Parotidectomy remains the mainstay of treatment for both benign and malignant lesions of the parotid gland. There exists a wide range of possible surgical options in parotidectomy in terms of extent of parotid tissue removed. There is increasing need for uniformity of terminology resulting from growing interest in modifications of the conventional parotidectomy. It is, therefore, of paramount importance for a standardized classification system in describing extent of parotidectomy. Recently, the European Salivary Gland Society (ESGS) proposed a novel classification system for parotidectomy...
May 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493196/head-and-neck-reconstruction-in-the-elderly-patient-a-safe-procedure
#13
Maximilian Reiter, Philipp Baumeister, Christian Jacobi
Demographic changes strongly affect industrialized countries. While free tissue transfer was initially believed to be beneficial only for younger patients, there is an increasing number of elderly patients requiring microvascular operations in our aging society. Medical and surgical risks for head and neck cancer patients over a certain age who undergo free tissue transfer has hardly been investigated. A retrospective mono-center cohort study was performed. All patients with the age 75 or higher undergoing microvascular operations were reviewed...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493195/udise-model-a-universal-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-classification-system-part-1
#14
Esuabom Dijemeni, Gabriele D'Amone, Israel Gbati
Drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) classification systems play a significant role in clinical analysis based on DISE findings, treatment decision process, treatment planning process and fundamentally in treatment outcomes. However, there is a major problem: there is no universally agreed DISE classification system. Hence, for the same DISE examination different DISE classification systems can be used to: assess anatomic findings, decide and plan different treatments. Hence, this leads to different treatment outcomes...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493194/effectiveness-of-quercetin-in-an-experimental-rat-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#15
Mustafa Sagit, Halil Polat, Seren Gulsen Gurgen, Elife Berk, Sabri Guler, Mehmet Yasar
We aimed to investigate whether quercetin had a therapeutic effect in an experimental rat model of allergic rhinitis. The study was conducted with 35 rats, which were randomly assigned into 4 groups: group 1 (n = 5), sham group; group 2 (quercetin group, n = 10) received 80 mg/kg day quercetin; group 3 (steroid group, n = 10) received steroid (mometasone furoate); and group 4 (control group, n = 10), received ovalbumin alone. Rats were sensitized by administration of ovalbumin on alternate days over 14 days via an intraperitoneal route...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488052/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-data-capture-data-analysis-and-sedation-administration
#16
LETTER
Esuabom Dijemeni, Gabriele D'Amone, Cherry Nzekwu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484837/what-should-we-expect-from-robotic-surgery-for-second-primary-oropharyngeal-cancer
#17
Tuan-Jen Fang, Li-Ang Lee, Bing-Shan Huang, Chien-Yu Lin, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Chun-Ta Liao, Hui-Chen Chiang
The outcomes of second primary oropharyngeal cancer (SPOPC) may not be determined by oropharyngeal cancer but from the other index cancer as well. The management of (SPOPC) remains inconclusive and limited. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) to maximize the functional outcomes without reducing oncologic effect is suggested as the primary treatment for selected oropharyngeal cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of TORS for the management of SPOPC. Patients who underwent TORS from January 2011 to June 2015 at a tertian referral center in Taiwan were recruited...
May 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484836/progress-in-endoscopic-tympanoplasty-and-a-surgeon-s-experience-with-the-middle-ear
#18
LETTER
Zhengcai Lou, Zi-Han Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478501/isolation-culture-optimization-and-functional-characterization-of-stem-cell-neurospheres-from-mouse-neonatal-olfactory-bulb-and-epithelium
#19
Amir Minovi, Ainhara Aguado, Daniela Brunert, Stefan Kurtenbach, Stefan Dazert, Hanns Hatt, Heike Conrad
The olfactory epithelium contains basal cells with stem cell characteristics, which have the capacity to differentiate throughout life into olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs). Here we investigate the in vitro characteristics of stem cells taken from the olfactory bulb (OB) and the olfactory epithelium (OE) of neonatal TIS21 knock-in mice. The major aim of the study was the generation of olfactory neurospheres (ONS) derived from OB and OE of neonatal mice as a tool to further analyze the elementary processes of ORN development...
May 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478500/comparison-of-long-term-voice-outcomes-after-vocal-fold-augmentation-using-autologous-fat-injection-by-direct-microlaryngoscopy-versus-office-based-calcium-hydroxylapatite-injection
#20
Karol Zeleník, Radana Walderová, Hana Kučová, Debora Jančatová, Pavel Komínek
The objective is to compare the long-term voice outcomes of vocal fold augmentation (VFA) using autologous fat injection via direct microlaryngoscopy versus office-based calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) injection. Patients with glottal insufficiency and a gap no greater than 3 mm caused by unilateral vocal fold paralysis or vocal fold atrophy were prospectively recruited to the study from September 2012 to September 2015. From September 2012 to May 2014, VFA was only performed using autologous fat via direct microlaryngoscopy under general anesthesia (N = 14)...
May 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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