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European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology

Fatma Caylakli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Pia Järvenpää, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Se Hwan Hwang, Sung Won Kim, Soo Whan Kim, Byung Guk Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Jun Myung Kang
OBJECTIVES: The use of greater palatine canal (GPC) injections of a local anesthetic and a vasoconstrictor to decrease surgical bleeding during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is controversial. We investigated the role of a preoperative GPC injection to minimize intraoperative bleeding during ESS in patients with chronic sinusitis through a meta-analysis of the relevant literature. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, SCOPUS, and the Cochrane database. REVIEW METHODS: We screened the relevant literature published before May of 2018...
September 20, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Peter Zbären, Asterios Triantafyllou, Kenneth O Devaney, Vincent Vander Poorten, Henrik Hellquist, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
A preoperative cytologic or histologic diagnosis of parotid gland neoplasms is mandatory to decide which surgical procedure would be appropriate. Open biopsies are contraindicated because of the risk of recurrence secondary to tumour cell seeding; furthermore a subsequent curative parotid surgery can be complicated by a previous open biopsy. While fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was the only preoperative diagnostic procedure to distinguish benign versus malignant neoplasms over the past decades, core needle biopsy (CNB) has been increasingly used over the last few years...
September 20, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Agnaldo J Graciano, Carlos A Fischer, Guilherme V Coelho, José H Steck, Jorge R Paschoal, Carlos T Chone
PURPOSE: There are no randomized trials comparing the incidence or severity of facial nerve dysfunction after superficial parotidectomy with or without continuous intraoperative electromyographic neuromonitoring. This pilot study aimed to assess the variability in outcomes to help determine the needs and possible ethical issues in a full-scale study. METHODS: Prospective randomized pilot study comparing the incidence and grade of facial nerve dysfunction among 106 patients subjected to superficial parotidectomy with or without continuous four channels electromyographic neuromonitoring (52 monitored patients and 54 controls)...
September 19, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Manuel Christoph Ketterer, Steffen Knopke, Sophia Marie Häußler, Tanja Hildenbrand, Christoph Becker, Stefan Gräbel, Heidi Olze
OBJECTIVES: We determined the audiological outcome, the subjective and objective hearing quality in patients suffering from asymmetric hearing loss (AHL). Furthermore, we evaluated psychological comorbidities and tinnitus burden before and after cochlear implantation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: 44 AHL patients were unilaterally implanted with a multichannel cochlear implant between 2011 and 2016. Speech discrimination (Freiburg Monosyllable Word Test, Oldenburg Sentence Test) was measured before, 6 and 12 months after implantation...
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
E C Toll, M Browning, R Shukla, J W Rainsbury
PURPOSE: The use of Balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) for Eustachian tube dysfunction is increasing in adults but to a lesser extent in children. Despite growing experience, concerns remain that BET could theoretically cause carotid artery rupture, which may be more likely if there is carotid canal dehiscence adjacent to the bony Eustachian tube. This radiological study aims to assess the prevalence of carotid canal dehiscence and length of cartilaginous Eustachian tube in children...
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Haoyue Tan, Huan Jia, Yun Li, Zhihua Zhang, Weidong Zhu, Yun Cai, Zhaoyan Wang, Hao Wu
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of cochlear implantation in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and to discuss the current management strategy for NF2 patients. METHODS: The medical records of NF2 patients who received cochlear implants (CI) at our center between 2012 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Pre-operative hearing status, tumor status, treatment of tumors, and auditory outcomes post-implantation were evaluated. RESULTS: Twelve patients were included in the study...
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Vui Heng Chong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Karen Or, Carlos Benbassat, Shlomit Koren, Miriam Shteinshneider, Ronit Koren, Dror Cantrell, Esther Kummer, Limor Muallem Kalmovich
BACKGROUND: Despite updated guidelines, management of thyroid nodules remains controversial. We aim to check implementation of new guidelines by ear-nose-throat (ENT) surgeons and endocrinologists. METHODS: A questionnaire was e-mailed including demographic data and an index case: a healthy 26-year-old women with a 3-cm Bethesda III (B3) atypia of undetermined significance solitary nodule and eventually papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). RESULTS: Respondent rate was 50...
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Vittorio Rinaldi, Antonio Moffa, Andrea Costantino, Michele Cassano, Manuele Casale
INTRODUCTION: Hair interference is a critical problem in ear surgery. The hair around the surgical area can get stuck unwantedly, making the surgeon habitually struggling with this hair rather than the surgery itself. Hair shaving can cause psychological discomfort, especially for women and data about shaving efficacy are conflicting. With the aim of solving this problem, we developed a new way to clear hair from the operating field named "The (Templar) Knight cap". TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION: This is a medical elastic stocking open at the ear to be treated and at the face that recalls the typical cap worn by Templar knight...
September 18, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
S M Azeem Mohiyuddin, Pooja Harsha, Shreeharsha Maruvala, K R Sumanth, T N Suresh, G N Manjunath, A Sagayaraj, Kouser Mohammadi, A Prashanth Babu, R P Deo
Locally advanced oral cancers extending to infratemporal fossa (ITF) are a challenge to head and neck surgeons. These tumors are classified as T4b whenever the masticator space (MS), pterygoid muscles (PM), and pterygoid plates (PP) are involved according to AJCC classification. Until recently, these tumors were considered inoperable and treated only with palliative intent. However, a few studies in the last decade showed that many of these tumors could be resected with a reasonably favorable prognosis by compartment resection of ITF, particularly when the tumor was below sigmoid notch of mandible...
September 17, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mingfang Diao, Jianjun Sun, Fangjie Tian, Yili Ding, Yuqing Wang
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation (CI) has become widely accepted as a safe and effective treatment in the clinically routine for patients, who suffer from severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. The general recommendation for speech processor activation was 4 weeks after cochlear implantation. The aim of the study was to investigate whether cochlear implantation activation is possible 7-day postoperation. METHODS: A total of 54 patients undergoing CI surgery were recruited to participate in this study...
September 17, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Yanhui Wen, Lifeng Zhou, Yuqiu Li, Zhengmin Li, Weijun Deng, Tao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that leptin is upregulated during allergic reactions in the airway and related to the severity of disease in allergic rhinitis (AR). In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression of leptin during sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in AR patients. METHODS: Forty AR patients without obesity were recruited in this study. Twenty patients received house dust mite (HDM) allergen extract for SLIT and twenty patients received placebo randomly...
September 14, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
M Stavrakas, P D Karkos, S Triaridis, J Constantinidis
INTRODUCTION: Congenital meningoencephaloceles represent a rare clinical entity, with its frequency being around 1 out of 4000-5000 live births. They usually present as a midline mass and the differential diagnosis includes dermoids, encephaloceles, and gliomas. Although the standard coronal approach with frontal craniotomy and pericranial flap has been considered the preferred method for several years, it is associated with risks and prolonged hospitalization. The endoscopic procedure is gaining ground and we are aiming to present our experience from five cases that were treated endoscopically...
September 14, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Nihat Yilmaz, Kadri Ila, Emre Soylemez, Ali Ozdek
PURPOSE: Industrial workers are frequently exposed to noise and the noise can cause hearing loss. The relationship between vestibular abnormalities and long-term exposure to occupational noise has been reported. The aim of this study was to use vHIT (video head impulse test) to evaluate the semicircular canal's function in industrial workers with noise-induced hearing loss. METHODS: In the present study, we included 36 male patients (aged 28-55 years, mean 44.4 ± 6...
September 14, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Alberto Paderno, Michele Tomasoni, Davide Mattavelli, Simonetta Battocchio, Davide Lombardi, Piero Nicolai
OBJECTIVES: Primary cancer of the parotid gland (PG) is a rare disease characterized by a wide variety of histologies and subtypes. The aim of the study was to identify factors influencing survival and validate the prognostic scores (PS1 and PS2) by Vander Poorten et al. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: All patients with previously untreated PG epithelial malignancies who underwent surgery with curative intent from 2002 to 2015 at a single center were retrospectively reviewed...
September 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Burak Karabulut, Fatih Mutlu, Samil Sahin, Ahmet Adnan Cirik
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term anatomical (graft success) and functional (audiological) results of endoscopic butterfly inlay myringoplasty. METHODS: The files of 56 patients (29 female, 27 male) who were diagnosed with noncomplicated chronic otitis media and underwent endoscopic butterfly inlay myringoplasty in 2014-2016 at a tertiary referral center were reviewed. Age, gender, follow-up time, perforation location (anterior, posterior and central), perforation size (small, medium), pre- and postoperative pure tone audiometry (PTA) thresholds, pre- and postoperative air-bone gaps (ABG) and complications were noted...
September 7, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Stefano Berrettini, Francesco Lombardo, Luca Bruschini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Canapicchi Raffaello, De Cori Sara, De Marchi Daniele, Francesca Forli
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to study otosclerotic patients by 3D-FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without Gadolinium administration (-/+ Gd), to understand whether there is a direct relationship between radiological findings at 3D FLAIR MRI sequences and some clinical features of otosclerosis, such as the presence and entity of sensorineural involvement, duration of disease, patient gender, and other factors. METHODS: 38 patients affected by different stages of unilateral or bilateral otosclerosis underwent 3D FLAIR MRI+/- Gd...
September 6, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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