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Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928084/follow-up-care-for-survivors-of-prostate-cancer-clinical-management-a-program-in-evidence-based-care-systematic-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline
#1
A Loblaw, L H Souter, C Canil, R H Breau, M Haider, L Jamnicky, R Morash, M Surchin, A Matthew
AIMS: This clinical practice guideline was developed to provide evidence-based guidance on the frequency by which prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels should be tested in men after curative-intent treatment for prostate cancer and to define the most appropriate diagnostic testing if biochemical recurrence occurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search using OVID was used to systematically search the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for systematic reviews and primary literature...
September 16, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918176/ninety-day-mortality-after-radical-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
L Dixon, K Garcez, L W Lee, A Sykes, N Slevin, D Thomson
AIMS: Treatment for head and neck cancers using definitive radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy, is associated with significant acute toxicity. Our aim was to assess 90 day mortality after radical radiotherapy. A further aim was to identify patient, tumour or treatment factors associated with early death after treatment and whether these could be used to predict outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 1116 patients with squamous cell pharyngeal and larynx cancer between January 2011 and December 2015 were included...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916284/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-versus-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-cost-utility-analysis
#3
J Helou, S Torres, H B Musunuru, J Raphael, P Cheung, D Vesprini, H T Chung, L D'Alimonte, M Krahn, G Morton, A Loblaw
AIMS: To conduct a cost-utility analysis comparing stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT) for localised prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision-analytic Markov model was developed from the healthcare payer perspective to simulate the history of a 66-year-old man with low-risk PCa. The model followed patients yearly over their remaining lifetimes. Health states included 'recurrence-free', 'biochemical recurrence' (BR), 'metastatic' and 'death'...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867136/prostascore-a-simplified-tool-for-predicting-outcomes-among-patients-with-treatment-naive-advanced-prostate-cancer
#4
O Abdel-Rahman
AIMS: To develop and internally validate a new simplified model 'prostascore' to help predict the outcomes of treatment-naive patients with advanced prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Through the SEER*Stat program, the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database was queried for eligible records spanning the period from 2010 to 2013. The resulting group of patients was equally divided into two sets: training group (to guide model development) and validation group (to validate the model prediction)...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830647/utility-of-prognostic-markers-in-second-line-treatment-of-metastatic-urothelial-cancer
#5
LETTER
S E M Raby, R Conroy, J Lyons, J Weaver, T Elliott, A Choudhury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818538/impact-of-positron-emission-tomography-and-endoscopic-ultrasound-length-of-disease-difference-on-treatment-planning-in-patients-with-oesophageal-cancer
#6
K G Foley, C Morgan, S A Roberts, T Crosby
AIMS: Treatment decision making and planning in patients with oesophageal cancer are guided by radiological measurement of length of disease (LoD). This study aimed to investigate differences in positron emission tomography (PET) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) LoD. Their prognostic significance was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LoD was measured from PET and EUS staging investigations by one observer for each modality. Bland-Altman analysis and Wilcoxon signed rank tests assessed agreement and differences in measurements...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811150/best-practice-recommendations-for-the-retention-of-radiotherapy-records
#7
E Lockhart, K Bak, L J Schreiner, D C Hodgson, E Gutierrez, P Warde, M B Sharpe
This paper offers best practice recommendations for the maintenance and retention of radiotherapy health records and technical information for cancer programmes. The recommendations are based on a review of the published and grey literature, feedback from key informants from seven countries and expert consensus. Ideally, complete health records should be retained for 5 years beyond the patient's lifetime, regardless of where they are created and maintained. Technical information constituting the radiotherapy plan should also be retained beyond the patient's lifetime for 5 years, including the primary images, contours of delineated targets and critical organs, dose distributions and other radiotherapy plan objects...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807361/challenges-to-treating-older-glioblastoma-patients-the-influence-of-clinical-and-tumour-characteristics-on-survival-outcomes
#8
C F Lorimer, C Hanna, F Saran, A Chalmers, J Brock
AIMS: There is now evidence to support giving single-agent chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hypofractionated concurrent chemoradiotherapy to older patients with glioblastoma (GBM). However, the clinical basis on which treatment decisions are made is under-researched and not standardised. This retrospective, multicentre study assessed whether pre-morbid characteristics or tumour imaging features could predict for overall survival in a cohort of older patients with GBM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged > 70 years, diagnosed with GBM at three neuro-oncology centres from 2010 to 2015 were retrospectively analysed...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807360/introducing-the-cancer-research-uk-advanced-radiotherapy-technologies-network-art-net
#9
EDITORIAL
K Harrington, E Hall, M Hawkins, A Henry, R MacKay, T Maughan, A McDonald, C Nutting, U Oelfke, D Sebag-Montefiore, R A Sharma, M van Herk, C Faivre-Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803687/predictors-of-asymptomatic-radiation-induced-abdominal-atherosclerosis
#10
L Cella, R Liuzzi, P Romanelli, M Conson, V D'Avino, M Ottaviano, V Damiano, G Palmieri, R Pacelli, M Mancini
AIMS: To identify predictors of asymptomatic radiation-induced abdominal atherosclerosis in patients treated with radiotherapy and evaluated by abdominal vascular ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two testicular classic seminoma patients (median age 34 years, range 16-56) undergoing radical inguinal orchiectomy were analysed. Twenty-six patients underwent post-surgery radiotherapy (median total dose 25 Gy, range 25-43), two of them also received chemotherapy (CHT) and 16 patients were treated with surgery alone or by surgery followed by CHT (control group)...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803686/are-cyclin-dependent-kinase-4-6-inhibitors-needed-for-all-oestrogen-receptor-positive-metastatic-breast-cancers
#11
EDITORIAL
S R D Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781199/data-mining-in-oncology-the-ukcat-project-and-the-practicalities-of-working-with-routine-patient-data
#12
EDITORIAL
G Price, M van Herk, C Faivre-Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780009/treatment-variation-of-sequential-versus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-in-the-netherlands-and-belgium
#13
I Walraven, R A Damhuis, M G Ten Berge, M Rosskamp, L van Eycken, D de Ruysscher, J S A Belderbos
AIMS: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is considered the standard treatment regimen in non-surgical locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and sequential chemoradiotherapy (SCRT) is recommended in patients who are unfit to receive CCRT or when the treatment volume is considered too large. In this study, we investigated the proportion of CCRT/SCRT in the Netherlands and Belgium. Furthermore, patient and disease characteristics associated with SCRT were assessed...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780008/the-role-of-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging-in-head-and-neck-cancer-after-radical-chemoradiotherapy-a-single-institution-experience
#14
C Nelissen, J Sherriff, T Jones, P Guest, S Colley, P Sanghera, A Hartley
AIMS: Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is used to restage head and neck cancer 3 months after chemoradiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the negative predictive value (NPV) of a scan reported as having no abnormal uptake and the positive predictive values (PPV) for different maximum standardised uptake value (SUVmax) thresholds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oro-/hypopharynx/larynx (n = 206) were included...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739028/incident-learning-systems-for-radiation-oncology-development-and-value-at-the-local-national-and-international-level
#15
T Pawlicki, M Coffey, M Milosevic
AIMS: To discuss the background for incident reporting and learning systems, as well as the infrastructure and operational aspects to run them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information from peer-reviewed literature, online resources and the authors' experience synthesised into a concise understanding of the topic. RESULTS: Incident learning systems can be local, national or international, each having the same basic goals but facilitating different audiences and environments...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728883/long-term-survival-outcomes-of-primary-breast-cancer-in-women-with-or-without-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a%C3%A2-matched-cohort-study
#16
W J Choi, J H Cha, H H Kim, H J Shin, E Y Chae, K H Jung, J-H Ahn, S-B Kim, B H Son, S H Ahn
AIMS: To investigate whether preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with primary breast cancer is predictive of disease-free (DFS) and overall survival and to determine the prognostic factors indicating survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and the requirement for informed consent was waived. From 2009 to 2010, 828 women with primary breast cancer and preoperative MRI were matched with 1613 women without such imaging...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712786/the-relationship-between-hot-flashes-and-testosterone-recovery-after-12-months-of-androgen-suppression-for-men-with-localised-prostate-cancer-in-the-ascende-rt-trial
#17
M Dosani, W J Morris, S Tyldesley, T Pickles
AIMS: This study describes the proportion of men who experienced hot flashes (flashes), and the testosterone level at onset, peak frequency and cessation of flashes after 12 months of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men undergoing curative-intent external beam radiation therapy (± brachytherapy boost). We also aimed to characterise testosterone recovery in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a pre-specified secondary analysis of the ASCENDE-RT clinical trial...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711307/medical-error-a-patient-s-perspective
#18
EDITORIAL
E D Naessens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711306/can-the-aviation-industry-be-useful-in-teaching-oncology-about-safety
#19
J M Davies, G Delaney
Healthcare practitioners have long considered aviation as a domain from which much can be learned about safety. Over the past 30 years, attempts have been made to apply aviation safety-related concepts to healthcare. Although some applications have been successful, a few decades later, many healthcare safety experts have learned that the appeal of the aviation-healthcare analogy is an illusion. Both domains are so basically dissimilar that simple adoption of aviation concepts will not be successful. However, what has succeeded is healthcare's adaptation of specific aviation safety concepts...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693823/feasibility-of-hippocampal-avoidance-radiotherapy-for-glioblastoma
#20
K Thippu Jayaprakash, K Wildschut, R Jena
With improvements in survival for good performance status patients and in specific molecular subtypes of glioblastoma, some patients will survive to develop significant neurocognitive dysfunction. This retrospective planning study quantified hippocampal radiation doses in patients with glioblastoma receiving radical chemo-radiotherapy and compared this with the radiation doses that showed clinical correlation with neurocognitive dysfunction, and evaluated the potential for clinically meaningful hippocampal dose reduction using helical TomoTherapy(®)...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
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