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AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969312/getting-to-zero-we-can-t-do-it-without-addressing-substance-use
#1
Richard A Jenkins
HIV elimination by 2030 cannot occur without attention to substance use. It cuts across risk groups and affects sexual risk behavior, treatment adherence, and systemic processes such as immunity and inflammation. There continues to be often limited attention to non-injection drug use and the syndemic character of HIV and substance use. There is a need for a more comprehensive approach that addresses the multiple influences of substance use on HIV prevention and care, integrating this into evidence-based services and building on the successes of comprehensive Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain approaches to substantially reducing new HIV cases among drug users...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969311/hiv-education-reflections-on-the-past-priorities-for-the-future
#2
Peter Aggleton, Deevia Bhana, David J Clarke, Mary Crewe, Kane Race, Ekua Yankah
From early in the epidemic, education has been central to HIV prevention, treatment, and care. This paper reflects on lessons learned over the last 30 years. It signals the limits of high level international commitments to education and HIV and the strategies of information-giving and life skills development adopted in their wake. It argues for the adoption of a more genuinely educational approach to HIV, sex, and sexuality education in which difficult questions are raised, diversity is recognized, and options are provided for a differentiated yet effective response...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969310/economic-and-policy-analytic-approaches-to-inform-the-acceleration-of-hiv-prevention-in-the-united-states-future-directions-for-the-field
#3
Erika G Martin, Eli S Rosenberg, David R Holtgrave
The fields of economic and policy analysis have long played a role in quantifying the burden of the HIV epidemic and informing how to best deploy interventions and policies aimed at maximizing HIV care and reducing transmission. Looking towards the ultimate goal of ending the AIDS epidemic, we describe five areas for further development and application towards HIV policies: (1) setting measurable objectives to create a vision and monitor progress, (2) taking a health and wellness approach to goal-setting, (3) using impact matrices to inform quantitative analysis to explicitly address health disparities, (4) conducting budget impact analyses to project annual program costs and benefits, and (5) advancing the public health systems and services research agenda...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969309/cutting-edge-success-in-preventing-heterosexual-hiv-transmission-in-africa-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-has-reached-15-million-men
#4
Inon Schenker
Male circumcision is a minor surgery performed for religious and medical reasons. Three randomized clinical trials demonstrated it could reduce heterosexual HIV transmission from infected females to males by over 60%, paving the way in 2006 for multinational efforts to circumcise 27 million men in sub-Saharan Africa by 2021. It is estimated that by 2030 male circumcision will avert at least 500,000 HIV infections in Africa, saving lives and budgets. Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) of adults and adolescents has challenged policy makers, implementers, funders, and civil society in bringing surgery to the frontline of HIV prevention...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969308/community-engaged-research-as-an-approach-to-expedite-advances-in-hiv-prevention-care-and-treatment-a-call-to-action
#5
Scott D Rhodes, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Jorge Alonzo, Danielle N Horridge, Cornelius N Van Dam, Scott Trent, Jonathan Bell, Florence M Simán, Aaron T Vissman, Jennifer Nall, Mario Andrade
Throughout the world, we continue to face profound challenges to reducing the impact of the HIV epidemic. Community-engaged research has emerged as an approach to increase our understanding of HIV and reduce health disparities, increase health equity, and promote community and population health. Our partnership has conducted more than 25 community-engaged research studies in the U.S. and Guatemala, and members have identified nine themes to facilitate community-engaged research and expedite advances in HIV prevention, care, and treatment...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969307/global-citizen-immigrant-survivor-activist-gayby-boomer-academic-and-editor-dr-sy-and-the-history-of-aids-education-and-prevention
#6
Jesus Ramirez-Valles
In this 30th anniversary of AIDS Education and Prevention, we turn our attention to its founder and editor, Dr. Francisco Sy. I trace Dr. Sy's trajectory, from growing up in a Filipino-Chinese family in Manila to Harvard, Johns Hopkins, South Carolina, and then to the journal. The loss of friends and colleagues to the AIDS epidemic stands out as Sy's driving force behind the journal. AIDS Education and Prevention was also created to fill a tremendous gap in the field: a scientific platform to circulate and discuss research on HIV and AIDS prevention...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969306/women-and-hiv-in-the-twenty-first-century-how-can-we-reach-the-un-2030-goal
#7
Ann O'Leary
Women have always been part of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. As with other populations affected by HIV, for many years the only prevention strategy available was behavior change. Behavioral interventions for women were developed and evaluated, with some success. Because women did not control the use of male condoms, efficacious interventions needed to build skills for partner negotiation. Woman-controlled technologies such as the female condom and vaginal spermicide were unable to solve the problem of male control of the condom and enable the development of safe methods for women to protect themselves...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969305/introduction-to-the-special-issue-ending-the-aids-pandemic-by-2030-accelerating-efforts-to-prevent-hiv
#8
Ronald O Valdiserri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969304/the-evolution-of-hiv-prevention-programming-moving-from-intervention-to-system
#9
Ronald O Valdiserri
Accelerating the fight against HIV globally and achieving the goals of the U.S. National HIV/AIDS Strategy will require an integrated health system that addresses all dimensions of wellness and is not limited to disease diagnosis and treatment or to monolithic prevention strategies. Since the HIV/AIDS epidemic was first recognized in 1981, HIV prevention strategies have evolved from early, information-based efforts to theory-informed and evidence-based approaches. More recently, the growing recognition that social and economic factors play a major role in shaping population health outcomes has driven HIV prevention and care programs in the direction of "people-centered health systems," as called for in the 2016 United Nations General Assembly declaration to end AIDS by 2030...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969303/leveraging-a-legacy-of-activism-black-lives-matter-and-the-future-of-hiv-prevention-for-black-msm
#10
Derrick D Matthews
This year marks the 30th anniversary of AIDS Education and Prevention. As we approach the United Nations goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030, it is a useful time to reflect on and learn from history. In the United States, no such endeavor can be successful without addressing the specific context of Black men who have sex with men. In this commentary I highlight factors that led us to a state in which Black MSM represent approximately a quarter of all people living with HIV in the United States. I also look back at the power of activism during the beginning of the HIV epidemic...
June 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688777/frequency-of-cannabis-use-and-medical-cannabis-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#11
Lauren R Pacek, Sheri L Towe, Andrea L Hobkirk, Denis Nash, Renee D Goodwin
Little is known about cannabis use frequency, medical cannabis use, or correlates of use among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in United States nationally representative samples. Data came from 626 PLWH from the 2005-2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Logistic regression identified characteristics associated with frequency of cannabis use. Chi-squares identified characteristics associated with medial cannabis use. Non-daily and daily cannabis use was reported by 26.9% and 8.0%. Greater perceived risk of cannabis use was negatively associated with daily and non-daily use...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688776/-be-straight-up-and-so-will-he-evaluation-of-a-novel-hiv-prevention-condom-distribution-and-health-communication-intervention-targeting-young-african-american-females
#12
Diane B Francis, Seth M Noar, Deborah A Fortune, Adaora A Adimora
This study evaluated a novel 3-month campus-based HIV prevention condom distribution and health communication intervention for African American females attending a historically Black college in North Carolina. The theoretical framework for study incorporated the integrative model of behavioral prediction and the theory of gender and power. The intervention provided free condoms via condom dispensers with point-of-access messaging on the dispensers. We assessed 195 individuals before and 118 three months after the intervention...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688775/impacts-of-hiv-stigma-on-psychosocial-well-being-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-china-across-the-life-span
#13
Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yu Liu, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen, Yi Chen
To date, existing studies have indicated that stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) negatively affects their psychosocial well-being, and the impact may differ by age. In the current study, we aim to assess the impact of various types of stigma on PLWHA's psychological status and concomitant substance use. We explored different types of HIV stigma with psychosocial well-being and substance use employing mixed effect models among 2,987 Chinese PLWHA. Multivariate analyses revealed that each type of HIV stigma is positively associated with psychosocial distress, but negatively related to resilience and self-esteem across all age groups of PLWHA, with enacted stigma showing the strongest impact...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688774/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688773/substance-use-mental-health-hiv-testing-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-state-of-maharashtra-india
#15
J Michael Wilkerson, Angela Di Paola, Shruta Rawat, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria L Ekstrand
Among 433 men who have sex with men in Maharashtra, India who completed an online survey, 23% reported hazardous drinking, 12% illicit substance, and 9% polysubstance use. The overall prevalence of depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) were 58% and 56%, respectively. Participants engaging in hazardous drinking had more sexual partners and were less likely to be married to women. Participants reporting illicit substance use or polysubstance use were more likely to have been out, had more sexual partners, or experienced IPV...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688772/methodology-and-baseline-results-from-the-evaluation-of-a-sexuality-education-activity-in-mpumalanga-and-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#16
Ilene S Speizer, Mahua Mandal, Khou Xiong, Aiko Hattori, Ndinda Makina-Zimalirana, Faith Kumalo, Stephen Taylor, Muzi S Ndlovu, Mathata Madibane, Andy Beke
In South Africa, adolescents and young adults (ages 15-24) are at risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancies. Recently, the Department of Basic Education has revised its sexuality education content and teaching strategies (using scripted lessons plans) as part of its life orientation curriculum. This paper presents the methodology and baseline results from the evaluation of the scripted lesson plans and supporting activities. A rigorous cluster-level randomized design with random assignment of schools as clusters is used for the evaluation...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688771/a-qualitative-study-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-multilevel-factors-related-to-hiv-risks-in-malaysia
#17
William J Burch, Graham J Hart, Sin How Lim
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a group at high risk for HIV infection, yet no research has been conducted to understand this population in Malaysia. Semistructured interviews from a combination of YMSM aged 18-25 (n = 20) and local service providers of sexual health services (n = 4) were conducted from May to June 2015. Thematic analysis was used to identify common themes in participant responses from transcripts. Participants reported societal and internalized homophobia, an absence of sex education and difficulty accessing confidential HIV testing...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688770/-it-s-almost-like-a-crab-in-a-barrel-situation-stigma-social-support-and-engagement-in-care-among-black-men-living-with-hiv
#18
Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Michelle Broaddus, Jeffrey A Kelly
Social support is associated with improved health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLWH), including initiation and engagement in HIV care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Yet, stigma may negatively affect the availability and utilization of social support networks, especially among African American PLWH, subsequently impacting HIV care and health out-comes. This qualitative study examines the relationship between stigma and social support relationships among African American PLWH. We conducted 23 interviews with Black men living with HIV who reported being out of care or non-adherent to ART...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481303/condomless-anal-intercourse-by-partner-type-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tianjin
#19
Ning Zhou, José Bauermeister, Wei Guo, Maohe Yu, Jie Yang, Minna Zheng, Yan Guo, Hui Gong, Yongjun Gao, Gueohong Jiang
HIV prevalence and incidence is high among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, underscoring the need to support and optimize HIV risk reduction strategies for this population. We sought to estimate the prevalence of condomless anal sex among MSM living in Tianjin, China. We recruited 595 HIV-negative MSM living in Tianjin to participate in a HIV study between 2013 and 2014. Data were collected after a voluntary counseling and testing session through a face-to-face survey. We used multivariable logistic regressions to examine the association between sociodemographic characteristics and HIV risk correlates and MSM's likelihood of engaging in condomless anal intercourse with main and casual partners in the prior 6 months...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481302/a-prep-information-and-self-screening-tool-for-women
#20
Kate L Collier, Lisa G Colarossi, Kimberly Sanders
Although HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective for women, studies show limited uptake among women to date. Barriers to women's PrEP uptake include their limited knowledge about PrEP and low perceived HIV risk. To address these barriers, we developed and pretested a printed palm card containing HIV prevention/PrEP information that addressed HIV prevention motivation with self-assessment questions about HIV risk. We conducted expert interviews (N = 8), focus groups with health, education, and social service providers (N = 13), and interviews with community women (N = 30) in New York City to assess attention to and acceptability of the card, comprehension of the information, and potential impact on prevention motivation...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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