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AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688777/frequency-of-cannabis-use-and-medical-cannabis-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#1
Lauren R Pacek, Sheri L Towe, Andrea L Hobkirk, Denis Nash, Renee D Goodwin
Little is known about cannabis use frequency, medical cannabis use, or correlates of use among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in United States nationally representative samples. Data came from 626 PLWH from the 2005-2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Logistic regression identified characteristics associated with frequency of cannabis use. Chi-squares identified characteristics associated with medial cannabis use. Non-daily and daily cannabis use was reported by 26.9% and 8.0%. Greater perceived risk of cannabis use was negatively associated with daily and non-daily use...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688776/-be-straight-up-and-so-will-he-evaluation-of-a-novel-hiv-prevention-condom-distribution-and-health-communication-intervention-targeting-young-african-american-females
#2
Diane B Francis, Seth M Noar, Deborah A Fortune, Adaora A Adimora
This study evaluated a novel 3-month campus-based HIV prevention condom distribution and health communication intervention for African American females attending a historically Black college in North Carolina. The theoretical framework for study incorporated the integrative model of behavioral prediction and the theory of gender and power. The intervention provided free condoms via condom dispensers with point-of-access messaging on the dispensers. We assessed 195 individuals before and 118 three months after the intervention...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688775/impacts-of-hiv-stigma-on-psychosocial-well-being-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-china-across-the-life-span
#3
Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yu Liu, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen, Yi Chen
To date, existing studies have indicated that stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) negatively affects their psychosocial well-being, and the impact may differ by age. In the current study, we aim to assess the impact of various types of stigma on PLWHA's psychological status and concomitant substance use. We explored different types of HIV stigma with psychosocial well-being and substance use employing mixed effect models among 2,987 Chinese PLWHA. Multivariate analyses revealed that each type of HIV stigma is positively associated with psychosocial distress, but negatively related to resilience and self-esteem across all age groups of PLWHA, with enacted stigma showing the strongest impact...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688774/erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688773/substance-use-mental-health-hiv-testing-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-state-of-maharashtra-india
#5
J Michael Wilkerson, Angela Di Paola, Shruta Rawat, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria L Ekstrand
Among 433 men who have sex with men in Maharashtra, India who completed an online survey, 23% reported hazardous drinking, 12% illicit substance, and 9% polysubstance use. The overall prevalence of depression and intimate partner violence (IPV) were 58% and 56%, respectively. Participants engaging in hazardous drinking had more sexual partners and were less likely to be married to women. Participants reporting illicit substance use or polysubstance use were more likely to have been out, had more sexual partners, or experienced IPV...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688772/methodology-and-baseline-results-from-the-evaluation-of-a-sexuality-education-activity-in-mpumalanga-and-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#6
Ilene S Speizer, Mahua Mandal, Khou Xiong, Aiko Hattori, Ndinda Makina-Zimalirana, Faith Kumalo, Stephen Taylor, Muzi S Ndlovu, Mathata Madibane, Andy Beke
In South Africa, adolescents and young adults (ages 15-24) are at risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancies. Recently, the Department of Basic Education has revised its sexuality education content and teaching strategies (using scripted lessons plans) as part of its life orientation curriculum. This paper presents the methodology and baseline results from the evaluation of the scripted lesson plans and supporting activities. A rigorous cluster-level randomized design with random assignment of schools as clusters is used for the evaluation...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688771/a-qualitative-study-of-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-multilevel-factors-related-to-hiv-risks-in-malaysia
#7
William J Burch, Graham J Hart, Sin How Lim
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a group at high risk for HIV infection, yet no research has been conducted to understand this population in Malaysia. Semistructured interviews from a combination of YMSM aged 18-25 (n = 20) and local service providers of sexual health services (n = 4) were conducted from May to June 2015. Thematic analysis was used to identify common themes in participant responses from transcripts. Participants reported societal and internalized homophobia, an absence of sex education and difficulty accessing confidential HIV testing...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688770/-it-s-almost-like-a-crab-in-a-barrel-situation-stigma-social-support-and-engagement-in-care-among-black-men-living-with-hiv
#8
Katherine Quinn, Julia Dickson-Gomez, Michelle Broaddus, Jeffrey A Kelly
Social support is associated with improved health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLWH), including initiation and engagement in HIV care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Yet, stigma may negatively affect the availability and utilization of social support networks, especially among African American PLWH, subsequently impacting HIV care and health out-comes. This qualitative study examines the relationship between stigma and social support relationships among African American PLWH. We conducted 23 interviews with Black men living with HIV who reported being out of care or non-adherent to ART...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481303/condomless-anal-intercourse-by-partner-type-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tianjin
#9
Ning Zhou, José Bauermeister, Wei Guo, Maohe Yu, Jie Yang, Minna Zheng, Yan Guo, Hui Gong, Yongjun Gao, Gueohong Jiang
HIV prevalence and incidence is high among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, underscoring the need to support and optimize HIV risk reduction strategies for this population. We sought to estimate the prevalence of condomless anal sex among MSM living in Tianjin, China. We recruited 595 HIV-negative MSM living in Tianjin to participate in a HIV study between 2013 and 2014. Data were collected after a voluntary counseling and testing session through a face-to-face survey. We used multivariable logistic regressions to examine the association between sociodemographic characteristics and HIV risk correlates and MSM's likelihood of engaging in condomless anal intercourse with main and casual partners in the prior 6 months...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481302/a-prep-information-and-self-screening-tool-for-women
#10
Kate L Collier, Lisa G Colarossi, Kimberly Sanders
Although HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective for women, studies show limited uptake among women to date. Barriers to women's PrEP uptake include their limited knowledge about PrEP and low perceived HIV risk. To address these barriers, we developed and pretested a printed palm card containing HIV prevention/PrEP information that addressed HIV prevention motivation with self-assessment questions about HIV risk. We conducted expert interviews (N = 8), focus groups with health, education, and social service providers (N = 13), and interviews with community women (N = 30) in New York City to assess attention to and acceptability of the card, comprehension of the information, and potential impact on prevention motivation...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481301/gender-differences-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-protective-and-risk-factors-of-batswana-adolescents-implications-for-parent-and-adolescent-interventions
#11
Christina J Sun, Esther S Seloilwe, Mabel Magowe, Kefalotse S Dithole, Kim S Miller, Janet S St Lawrence
Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa and in Botswana in particular continue to bear the brunt of the HIV epidemic. This analysis assessed gender differences among theory-based sexual and reproductive health protective and risk factors in a cross-sectional sample of 228 Batswana adolescents. Incongruence between preferred and actual sources of sexual information and several important gender differences in parent-adolescent relationships, psychosocial influences, and adolescent sexual behaviors were identified. Parents were the fourth most common source of information about sex; yet, over three-quarters of adolescents preferred to have parents teach them about sex...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481300/willingness-to-take-prep-for-hiv-prevention-the-combined-effects-of-race-ethnicity-and-provider-trust
#12
Amy Braksmajer, Theresa M Fedor, Shaw-Ree Chen, Roberto Corales, Sally Holt, William Valenti, James M McMahon
Blacks and Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately burdened by HIV compared to non-Hispanic Whites, as evidenced by higher HIV incidence, prevalence, and deaths attributable to AIDS. Increasing the use of novel prevention techniques such as Truvada for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could greatly help in reducing these disparities by lowering HIV incidence among these higher risk groups. Trust in providers, which may differ by race and ethnicity, may influence willingness to take PrEP. This study explores the moderating effect of race/ethnicity on trust in one's primary care provider (PCP) on PrEP willingness...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481299/data-visualization-promotes-sound-public-health-practice-the-aidsvu-example
#13
Ronald O Valdiserri, Patrick S Sullivan
The ability to depict surveillance and other complex health-related data in a visual manner promotes sound public health practice by supporting the three core functions of public health: assessment, policy development, and assurance. Further, such efforts potentiate the use of surveillance data beyond traditional public health audiences and venues, thus fostering a "culture of health." This practice report provides several recent examples of how data from AIDSVu-an interactive map of the U.S. showing the impact of HIV at national, state, and local levels-has been used to: fine tune the assessment of HIV-related disparities at a community level, educate and empower communities about HIV and its consequences, and better target HIV interventions to reach underserved, vulnerable populations...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481298/perceptions-of-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Arin E Freeman, Patrick Sullivan, Darrel Higa, Akshay Sharma, Robin MacGowan, Sabina Hirshfield, George J Greene, Laura Gravens, Pollyanna Chavez, A D McNaghten, Wayne D Johnson, Brian Mustanski
HIV testing is the gateway into both prevention and treatment services. It is important to understand how men who have sex with men (MSM) perceive HIV self-tests. We conducted focus groups and individual interviews to collect feedback on two HIV self-tests, and on a dried blood spot (DBS) specimen collection kit. Perceptions and attitudes around HIV self-testing (HIVST), and willingness to distribute HIV self-tests to others were assessed. MSM reported HIVST to be complementary to facility-based testing, and liked this approach because it offers privacy and convenience, does not require counseling, and could lead to linkage to care...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481297/acceptability-of-an-adapted-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-native-american-adolescents
#15
Crystal Lee, Melva Thompson-Robinson, Carolee Dodge-Francis
Relatively few HIV evidence-based interventions (EBIs) among Native Americans have been developed, adapted, evaluated, and/or published in the scientific literature. An adolescent HIV EBI was adapted in three phases: (1) securing input from a Native American Advisory Board; (2) modifying the EBI to be more consistent with Native American culture; and (3) conducing a pilot with 14 Native American adolescents to examine acceptability and cultural congruence between the adapted intervention and the youth's culture based on Likert-scale ratings and a focus group...
February 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283277/understanding-hiv-transmission-and-illness-stigma-a-relationship-revisited-in-rural-rwanda
#16
Ezer Kang, Darcie A P Delzell, Christophe Mbonyingabo
Integrating an understanding of HIV transmission with structural-behavioral prevention approaches remains a priority in low prevalence rural regions in Africa. Many national indicators use categorical survey responses which do not capture the cultural nuances of HIV transmission knowledge that potentially reify stigmatizing treatment of persons living with HIV (PL-HIV). We examined the relationship between quantitative and qualitative measures of HIV knowledge and four forms of stigma (individual attitudes, felt normative, social distance, and stigma perceived by PLHIV) among 200 rural residents in Rwanda...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283276/engaged-for-change-a-community-engaged-process-for-developing-interventions-to-reduce-health-disparities
#17
Scott D Rhodes, Lilli Mann-Jackson, Jorge Alonzo, Florence M Simán, Aaron T Vissman, Jennifer Nall, Claire Abraham, Robert E Aronson, Amanda E Tanner
The science underlying the development of individual, community, system, and policy interventions designed to reduce health disparities has lagged behind other innovations. Few models, theoretical frameworks, or processes exist to guide intervention development. Our community-engaged research partnership has been developing, implementing, and evaluating efficacious interventions to reduce HIV disparities for over 15 years. Based on our intervention research experiences, we propose a novel 13-step process designed to demystify and guide intervention development...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283275/hiv-testing-stigma-and-risk-a-comparison-of-church-leaders-and-their-congregants
#18
Jennifer M Stewart, Hyejeong Hong, Melissa Melton
The involvement of African American churches in HIV testing and prevention is a viable community-based strategy in efforts to reduce rates of HIV among African Americans; however, church members' beliefs and attitudes are often barriers to successful implementation. This study aimed to compare church leaders and congregants regarding HIV testing behaviors, HIV-related stigma, HIV knowledge, and perceived risk. This comparative, cross-sectional study used self-reporting questionnaires across six churches in Baltimore, Maryland...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283274/using-an-innovative-telehealth-model-to-support-community-providers-who-deliver-perinatal-hiv-care
#19
Tara E Ness, Mary F Annese, Natalia Martinez-Paz, Kenton T Unruh, John D Scott, Brian R Wood
Mountain West AETC (AIDS Education and Training Center) ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), a longitudinal HIV telemen-toring program, connects community providers and a multidisciplinary specialist team at the University of Washington. The program employs focused lectures and real-time case discussions to educate and support providers in low-resource and rural settings. We assessed the impact of the program on management of perinatal HIV through surveying community providers who participate, and reviewing cases presented by providers for consultation...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283273/hiv-risk-behaviors-of-men-who-perpetrate-intimate-partner-violence-in-rakai-uganda
#20
Margo Mullinax, Stephanie A Grilo, Xiaoyu S Song, Jennifer Wagman, Sanyukta Mathur, Fred Nalugoda, Tom Lutalo, John Santelli
Little is known about men who perpetrate IPV in communities also at risk for HIV infection. Using data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS), five survey rounds were used (n = 21,157, observation from n = 10,618 men) to examine HIV risk and prevention behaviors among men who reported acts of violence against their wife/primary partner in the past 12 months. Overall, 10.4% men reported perpetrating physical violence and 17.3% perpetrating verbal violence, 3.1% reported sexual violence, 3.1% used violence to have sex with their wife/partner, and 1...
December 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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