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AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068719/a-critical-review-of-health-social-and-prevention-outcomes-associated-with-employment-for-people-living-with-hiv
#1
Liza M Conyers, Lindsey A Richardson, Paul A Datti, Lynn C Koch, Mark Misrok
A growing need has emerged among HIV service providers, policymakers, and researchers to understand ways in which employment, as a key social determinant of health, can be leveraged toward improved health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the prevention of HIV transmission. This critical review summarizes and assesses current research related to (a) the employment needs and challenges among populations disproportionately impacted by HIV, (b) the relationship between employment and important health outcomes associated with the HIV Care Continuum, and (c) implications for policy, service provision, and future research...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068718/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-national-hiv-linkage-re-engagement-and-retention-in-care-program
#2
Cathy Maulsby, Paul Sacamano, Kriti M Jain, Blessing Enobun, Meredith L Brantley, Hae-Young Kim, Morey Riordan, Melissa Werner, David R Holtgrave
The 2020 National HIV AIDS Strategy (NHAS) sets a target of 90% of diagnosed people living with HIV (PLWH) retained in HIV care. Access to Care (A2C) was a national HIV linkage, re-engagement, and retention in care program funded by AIDS United with support from the Corporation for National and Community Service that aimed to link and retain the most vulnerable PLWH into high-quality HIV care. This study explores the barriers and facilitators of implementing the A2C program from the perspective of program staff...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068717/the-know%C3%A2-now-project-facilitated-serosorting-in-hiv-status-sexual-partner-communication
#3
Stephen M Haas, Joseph D Perazzo, Andrew H Ruffino, Rachel M Ancona, Michael Lyons
An intervention was conducted providing access to clinic-verified HIV test results via a secure, web-based informatics platform to facilitate sexual partner HIV-status communication. Participants (N = 28) were men who have sex with men (MSM; HIV- n = 8, HIV+ n = 8) and heterosexuals (Non-MSM, n = 12). Focus groups with same-group members explored interest in using the intervention and baseline attitudes and practices relevant to serosorting. HIV-negative participants overwhelmingly expressed interest, regardless of MSM status...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068716/perspectives-on-hiv-testing-among-wic-enrolled-postpartum-women-implications-for-intervention-development
#4
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Dalmacio Flores, Annet Davis, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the U.S and also at-risk for substance abuse and intimate partner violence-collectively called the SAVA syndemic-which may impede HIV testing uptake. Views about HIV testing were assessed among women (ages 18-29) enrolled in a federally funded nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in a large Mid-Atlantic city. A survey (n = 80) and three focus groups were conducted in WIC offices located in neighborhoods with high HIV prevalence...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068715/promoting-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-to-prevent-hiv-infections-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-hispanics-latinxs
#5
Kathleen R Page, Omar Martinez, Karen Nieves-Lugo, Maria Cecilia Zea, Suzanne Dolwick Grieb, Thespina J Yamanis, Kaitlin Spear, Wendy W Davis
Sexual and gender minority Hispanics/Latinxs (henceforth: Latinxs) continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS in the U.S. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical prevention approach which holds significant promise for at risk and vulnerable populations. We discuss barriers and facilitators to uptake of PrEP among sexual and gender minority Latinxs living in the U.S. through an ecosocial lens that takes into account structural, community, and individual contexts. The impact of immigration status on PrEP uptake emerges as a major and recurrent theme that must be understood and addressed by HIV prevention programs aiming to promote an inclusive strategy for sexual and gender minority Latinxs living in the U...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068714/adaptation-of-the-hiv-aids-self-management-education-program-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-an-application-of-the-adapt-itt-framework
#6
Natawan Khumsaen, Rob Stephenson
This formative research aimed to describe the use of the ADAPT-ITT framework to modify the HASMEP for use with HIV-positive Thai men who have sex with men (MSM). We selected, adapted, and tested the acceptability and feasibility of the HASMEP intervention for delivery in an HIV clinic in Thailand. We chose to base our adaptation on the HASMEP that was initially developed in South Africa. The ADAPT-ITT framework was used to guide the study. Our adaptation was informed by qualitative data collected during focus groups from 48 participants (40 HIV-positive Thai MSM and 8 health care providers) and online surveys of Thai MSM...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068713/sexual-risk-behaviors-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-also-report-having-sex-with-transgender-partners-analysis-of-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-061-study
#7
Grace Chela Hall, Alicia Young, Chloe Krakauer, Christopher Chauncey Watson, Vanessa Cummings, Kenneth Mayer, Beryl Koblin
HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN 061) study data of Black MSM were analyzed to determine characteristics associated with having transgender sexual partners (TGP) and the association of having TGP with sexual risk. Of 1,449 cisgender MSM, 343(24%) reported also having TGP. MSM with TGP were more likely to be older, have a sexual orientation other than homosexual, have a history of incarceration, or have insufficient funds for necessities, but less likely to be HIV positive or report sex with men to health care providers...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825864/changing-attitudes-about-concurrency-among-young-african-americans-results-of-a-radio-campaign
#8
Adaora A Adimora, Victor J Schoenbach, Joan R Cates, Anna B Cope, Catalina Ramirez, Wizdom Powell, Robert P Agans
We created and evaluated an 8-month campaign of provocative radio ads to change attitudes about concurrent (overlapping) sexual partnerships among young African Americans. We created a concurrency attitude scale and compared its score distributions in independent samples of African Americans, ages 18-34 years, interviewed by telephone before (n = 678) and after (n = 479) the campaign. Pre- and post-campaign samples reflected similar response rates (pre: 32.6%; post: 31.8%) and distributions of personal characteristics...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825863/hiv-related-stigma-and-overlapping-stigmas-towards-people-living-with-hiv-among-health-care-trainees-in-canada
#9
Anne C Wagner, Todd Girard, Kelly E McShane, Shari Margolese, Trevor A Hart
HIV continues to be a stigmatized disease, despite significant advances in care and concerted effort to reduce discrimination, stereotypes, and prejudice. Living with HIV is often associated with a multitude of overlapping and intersecting experiences which can, in and of themselves, also be stigmatized, and which may exacerbate HIV-related stigma. The consequences of these stigmatizing experiences are particularly impactful when the stigmatizing individual is a health care provider, as this can influence access to and quality of care...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825862/suboptimal-hiv-testing-among-patients-admitted-with-pneumonia-a-missed-opportunity
#10
Dana C Clifton, Meredith E Clement, Thomas L Holland, Gary M Cox, Kristen V Dicks, Jason E Stout
Patients admitted with pneumonia are at higher risk for HIV and should be routinely screened. We examined a retrospective cohort of patients admitted to Duke University Health System with a primary diagnosis of pneumonia. During the study period, 6,951 persons were admitted with pneumonia. Of 6,646 patients without a known prior diagnosis of HIV, 1,010 (15%) had HIV testing during admission and 1,516 (23%) had a previously documented HIV test result. Forty-one (0.6%) patients had a positive HIV test during admission and 27 (0...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825861/hiv-prevention-fatigue-and-hiv-treatment-optimism-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Kathryn Macapagal, Michelle Birkett, Patrick Janulis, Robert Garofalo, Brian Mustanski
HIV prevention fatigue (the sense that prevention messages are tiresome) and being overly optimistic about HIV treatments are hypothesized to increase HIV risk behavior. Little research has examined these constructs and their correlates among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), who are at high risk for HIV. YMSM (N = 352; Mage = 20; 50% Black) completed measures of prevention fatigue, treatment optimism, HIV risk behaviors, and HIV-related knowledge and attitudes during a longitudinal study. Overall, YMSM reported low levels of HIV prevention fatigue and treatment optimism...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825860/attitudes-beliefs-and-barriers-to-prep-among-trans-men
#12
Stefan Rowniak, Chenit Ong-Flaherty, Nancy Selix, Niko Kowell
The study examined the attitudes and knowledge of transgender men (trans men) regarding pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV. Three focus groups of trans men were conducted with a trans male facilitator for a total of 21 participants. Six themes were identified; the range of information about PrEP and possible side effects, the economic realities for trans men, finding a trans-competent provider, trans male sexuality, the importance of contraception, and condom use. Despite identified risk and some information that has been disseminated, many trans men still lack adequate information regarding PrEP...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825859/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-interventions-in-persons-living-with-hiv-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#13
Emiko Kamitani, Theresa Ann Sipe, Darrel H Higa, Mary M Mullins, Jesus Soares
Physical exercise (PE) has not been well studied in persons living with HIV (PLHIV). We conducted an overview of systematic reviews to assess the effectiveness of PE and to determine the most appropriate PE regimen for PLHIV. We used the CDC's Prevention Research Synthesis Project's database and manual searches to identify systematic reviews published between 1996 and 2013. We qualitatively synthesized the findings from five reviews to assess the effectiveness of PE and conducted meta-analyses on CD4 counts to identify the best PE regimen...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825858/barriers-to-access-and-adoption-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-a-relatively-rural-state
#14
Randolph D Hubach, Joseph M Currin, Carissa A Sanders, André R Durham, Katherine E Kavanaugh, Denna L Wheeler, Julie M Croff
Biomedical intervention approaches, including antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), have been demonstrated to reduce HIV incidence among several at-risk populations and to be cost effective. However, there is limited understanding of PrEP access and uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) residing in relatively rural states. Twenty semistructured interviews were conducted (August-November 2016) to assess opinions of and perceived barriers to accessing and adopting PrEP among MSM residing in Oklahoma...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650230/get-real-evaluation-of-a-community-level-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-young-msm-who-engage-in-episodic-substance-use
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jennifer Lauby, Lin Zhu, Mary Milnamow, Heather Batson, Lisa Bond, William Curran-Groome, Lee Carson
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) have high rates of recreational drug use and binge drinking that are related to increases in unprotected sex and HIV risk. We describe the development of a community-level intervention focused on MSM ages 15 to 29 who identify as Black or White and who reported episodic use of alcohol and/or drugs. Intervention content included culturally-relevant role model stories and peer outreach. Outcome measures, including number of partners and a risk score indicating risk for HIV from protected or unprotected insertive or receptive anal sex, were examined over 36 months in a sample of YMSM in Philadelphia, the intervention site, and Baltimore, the comparison site...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650229/hiv-treatment-and-re-infection-beliefs-predict-sexual-risk-behavior-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Hong-Ha M Truong, Robin Fatch, H Fisher Raymond, Willi McFarland
We examined whether beliefs about antiretroviral (ART) efficacy and reinfection prospectively predicted subsequent condomless anal intercourse (CAI). Men who have sex with men in San Francisco (N = 773) were recruited for a longitudinal study using time-location sampling. HIV-negative men were more likely to have sero-discordant receptive CAI and HIV-positive men were more likely to have sero-discordant insertive CAI if they previously reported these behaviors at baseline and reported less concern about HIV transmission due to ART...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650228/cdc-s-testing-makes-us-stronger-tmus-campaign-was-campaign-exposure-associated-with-hiv-testing-behavior-among-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#17
Nancy Habarta, Vanessa Boudewyns, Hannah Badal, Jennie Johnston, Jennifer Uhrig, Donata Green, Paul Ruddle, Jacqueline Rosenthal, Jo Ellen Stryker
This study assessed exposure among Black gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (BMSM) to a communication campaign, Testing Makes Us Stronger (TMUS), and its association with HIV testing to determine campaign effectiveness. Data from an online survey (N = 3,105) were analyzed using propensity score weight-adjusted logistic regression to examine the effect of exposure on HIV testing. Among BMSM aged 18-44 (n = 702), 43.2% reported TMUS exposure. The majority of those exposed were aged 25-34 (54%), HIV-negative (65%), and had some college education (87%)...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650227/facilitators-and-barriers-to-participation-in-prep-hiv-prevention-trials-involving-transgender-male-and-female-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#18
Celia B Fisher, Adam L Fried, Margaret Desmond, Kathryn Macapagal, Brian Mustanski
Despite the disproportionate burden of HIV facing transgender youth, they continue to be under-represented in studies to provide an empirical basis for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programs that can meet the unique needs of this population. This study examined facilitators and barriers to participation in a PrEP adherence study, determined through an online survey administered to 90 transgender male and 60 transgender female 14-21-year-olds attracted to cisgender male sexual partners. Approximately 50% reported likely to participate in the PrEP study...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650226/correlates-of-hiv-risks-among-women-on-probation-and-parole
#19
Malitta Engstrom, Katherine M Winham, Seana Golder, George Higgins, Tanya Renn, T K Logan
This article examines HIV risks among a sample of 406 women on probation and parole with lifetime histories of victimization who were recruited from an urban community in the southern U.S. Guided by the Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm, we analyze the significance of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social support in relationship to three sexual risks and one drug use risk using multivariable regression. Findings indicate that substance use is a significant correlate of nearly all HIV risks examined, including lifetime sexual partners and sexual partners during the past 12 months...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650225/men-s-perceptions-of-treatment-as-prevention-in-south-africa-implications-for-engagement-in-hiv-care-and-treatment
#20
Alyssa C Mooney, Ann Gottert, Nomhle Khoza, Dumisani Rebombo, Jennifer Hove, Aimée Julien Suárez, Rhian Twine, Catherine MacPhail, Sarah Treves-Kagan, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A Lippman
While South Africa provides universal access to treatment, HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake remains low, particularly among men. Little is known about community awareness of the effects of treatment on preventing transmission, and how this information might impact HIV service utilization. This qualitative study explored understandings of treatment as prevention (TasP) among rural South African men. Narratives emphasized the know value of ART for individual health, but none were aware of its preventive effects...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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