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Journal of Liposome Research

Diana E Aziz, Aly A Abdelbary, Abdelhalim I Elassasy
Skin is considered the most accessible organ of the body because of its underlying capillary network. However, stratum corneum (SC), the upper most layer of skin, represents major diffusional barrier for most drugs. Hence, the use of edge activators (EAs) in designing novel elastic vesicles is hypothesized to impart their lipid bilayer with ultra-flexibility to trespass SC by high self-optimizing deformability. To confirm this hypothesis, this work aimed at developing novel bilosomes by modulating conventional niosomal composition using different bile salts as EAs and investigating their superiority over niosomes for transdermal delivery of diacerein (DCN), as model drug...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Gregory Gregoriadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Annie Agnes Suganya Samson, Solji Park, Sung-Yon Kim, Dal-Hee Min, Noo Li Jeon, Joon Myong Song
Resistance to chemotherapy is a key factor in the inefficacy of various forms of treatments for cancer. In the present study, chemo-resistant proteins, including glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78)/clusterin (CLU) targeted 1,2-dioleoyloxy-3-trimethylammoniumpropane (DOTAP) liposomes, were developed as a delivery system for co-delivery of camptothecin (CPT) and GRP78 siRNA/CLU siRNA. Their drug/gene co-deliveries were quantitatively assessed in cancer stem cells (CSC) and MCF-7 cells. DOTAP-CPT/siRNA were prepared via electrostatic interaction on GRP78 siRNA or CLU siRNA...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Kashif Shakeel, Sheikh Raisuddin, Sadath Ali, Syed Sarim Imam, Md Akhlaquer Rahman, Gaurav Kumar Jain, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
Combination therapy of artemether (ART) and lumefantrine (LUM) is well-established for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria worldwide. Nanoliposomes (NLs) encapsulating both drugs were prepared and freeze-dried. The lyophilized nanoliposomes exhibited high entrapment efficiency of artemether (66.18%), relatively low entrapment efficiency of lumefantrine (53.46%), low average size diameter (125.3 nm) and found to be stable at 4 °C for 60 days without significant change in mean particle diameter and drug entrapment efficiencies...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Xue-Tao Li, Wei Tang, Hong-Jun Xie, Shuang Liu, Xiao-Li Song, Yao Xiao, Xin Wang, Lan Cheng, Gui-Rong Chen
Brain glioma is one of the most common and devastating intracranial malignancies with a high mortality. Chemotherapy for brain glioma is not ideal due to blood brain barrier (BBB) and multidrug resistance (MDR). The objectives of the present study were to develop a kind of RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) tripeptide modified vinorelbine plus tetrandrine liposomes to achieve BBB transportation, MDR reversion and glioma cell targeting simultaneously. The studies were performed on glioma cells, resistant glioma cells and glioma-bearing mice...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Robin Chapman, Martyn Harvey, Paul Davies, Zimei Wu, Grant Cave
Liposome supported peritoneal dialysis is a recently described technique which may eventually be applicable in the clinical scenario of the intoxicated patient. We evaluated the hypothesis that intravenous injection of lipid emulsion (ILE) would augment acidic pH gradient liposome supported peritoneal dialysis (LSPD). Orogastrically amitriptyline dosed rats were treated with either Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) intravenously and standard intraperitoneal dialysate (Group A); NaHCO3 intravenously and LSPD (Group B); or ILE and LSPD (Group C)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Satish K Mandlik, Shridhar S Siras, Kiran R Birajdar
The aim of the present research work was to develop, characterize and optimize sertaconazole nitrate (STZN) embedded flexisomes (STZN-FS) to improve the cutaneous anti-fungal activity of STZN. Flexisomes are self-aggregating, flexible, deformable lipidic vesicles possessing an aqueous core. A 32 factorial design was implemented to optimize the effects of the critical material attributes of concentration of phospholipid (X1 ) and edge activator (X2 ) on the critical quality attributes of particle size (Y1 ), entrapment efficiency (Y2 ), and deformability index (Y3 )...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Jin Ren, Zhengjie Fang, Liqun Jiang, Qian Du
The purpose of this study was to develop a liquid self-assemble proliposome for quercetin oral delivery. This liquid proliposome was prepared by dissolving phospholipids, surfactants and drug in ethanol. There was only one step in the preparation process of this liquid self-assemble proliposome and no special devices were required. The mechanism about proliposome transformation was discussed. Quercetin proliposomes with different cremorphor RH40 concentrations (0%, 20%, 23%, 26%, 30%) were prepared. The particle size and polydispersity index decreased as cremorphor RH40 concentration increased...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Mona Mahmoud AbouSamra, Alaa Hamed Salama
Tolnaftate is a thiocarbamate antifungal drug which is therapeutically active against dermatophytes that cause various forms of tinea. Due to the small amount of tolnaftate released from ordinary ointment bases and insufficient penetration through the infected skin layers the need to incorporate the drug in a more suitable pharmaceutical form has evolved. A provesicular system is one such form that can solve these problems. Once in contact with the skin, dilution with moisture occurs and the provesicular system rapidly transforms into a vesicular one...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Hui Zhang, Xuemin Zhu, Jingjing Shen, Haiheng Xu, Min Ma, Wei Gu, Qiudong Jiang, Jun Chen, Jinao Duan
A prerequisite for successful transdermal or dermal drug therapy is the drug ability to penetration through the skin, especially stratum corneum (SC). The most acceptable technique for measuring skin permeation in vitro is the application of both the Franz diffusion cell device and the skin model. In the skin model, a liposome-based artificial skin membrane (LASM) consisting of tight layers of liposomes immobilized on a filter was prepared and characterized. Using porcine ear skin, rat skin and Strat-M™ artificial membrane as control, the LASM was then evaluated in permeation studies with five active compounds: ferulic acid, paeoniflorin, albiflorin, tetrahydrocolumbamine, and tetrahydropalmatine...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Qiying Shen, Liyan Qiu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle to successful clinical cancer chemotherapy. Currently, there is still unsatisfactory demand for innovative strategies as well as effective and safe reversing agent to overcome MDR. In this study, we developed a novel nanoformulation, in which doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) and quinine hydrochloride (QN) were simultaneously loaded into liposomes by a pH-gradient method for overcoming MDR and enhancing cytotoxicity in a doxorubicin-resistant human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7/ADR)...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Shery Jacob, Anroop B Nair, Bandar E Al-Dhubiab
Niosomes suggest a versatile vesicle delivery system with possible transport of drugs via topical route for skin delivery. The aim of the present research was to optimize niosome gel formulation of acyclovir and to evaluate in both in vitro and in vivo rabbit model. Niosome formulations were formulated by coacervation phase separation technique with different ratios of nonionic surfactants, phospholipids and cholesterol using 3(2) factorial design. Altering the surfactant concentration has influenced the drug entrapment, but not vesicle size...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Micaela Tamara Vitor, Patrícia Cruz Bergami-Santos, Rafael Henrique Freitas Zômpero, Karen Steponavicius Piedade Cruz, Mariana Pereira Pinho, José Alexandre Marzagão Barbuto, Lucimara Gaziola de la Torre
Cationic liposomes can be designed and developed in order to be an efficient gene delivery system for mammalian cells. Dendritic cell (DC) vaccines can be used to treat cancer, as cationic liposomes can deliver tumor antigens to cells while cells remain active. However, most methods used for liposome production are not able to reproduce in large scale the physicochemical and biological properties of liposomes produced in laboratory scale. In this context, ethanol injection method achieved promising results, although requiring post-treatment for size reduction and/or to remove residual ethanol...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Héctor Vázquez-Becerra, Enrique Pérez-Cárdenas, Saé Muñiz-Hernández, Vanessa Izquierdo-Sánchez, Luis Alberto Medina
In this paper, we report the conjugation of the humanized monoclonal antibody nimotuzumab with cisplatin-loaded liposomes and the in vitro evaluation of its affinity for tumor cells. The conjugation procedure was performed through derivatization of nimotuzumab with N-succinimidyl S-acetylthioacetate (SATA) followed by a covalent attachment with maleimide groups at the end of PEG-DSPE chains located at the membrane of pre-formed liposomes. Confocal microscopy was performed to evaluate the immunoliposome affinity for EGFR antigens from human epidermoid carcinoma (A-431) and normal lung (MRC-5) cell lines...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Yoshiyuki Hattori, Yoko Machida, Maho Honda, Nozomi Takeuchi, Yuki Yoshiike, Hiroaki Ohno, Hiraku Onishi
PURPOSE: Previously, we reported that the cationic liposomes composed of a cationic cholesterol derivative, cholesteryl (2-((2-hydroxyethyl)amino)ethyl)carbamate (OH-C-Chol) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) (termed LP-C), could deliver small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) with high transfection efficiency into tumor cells. In this study, to develop a liposomal vector for siRNA delivery in vivo, we prepared the poly(ethyleneglycol) (PEG)-modified cationic liposomes (LP-C-PEG) and evaluated their transfection efficiency in vitro and in vivo...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Rawia M Khalil, Ghada A Abdelbary, Mona Basha, Ghada E A Awad, Hadeer A El-Hashemy
The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate niosomal dispersions loaded with the hydrophilic drug; lomefloxacin Hcl (LXN) for the management of ocular bacterial conjunctivitis. LXN-loaded niosomes were prepared by the thin film hydration method following a full factorial formulation design. Two independent variables were evaluated: the type of surfactant (X1) and the surfactant:cholesterol ratio (X2). The dependent variables comprised entrapment efficiency (EE%: Y1), particle size (PS: Y2) and zeta potential (ZP: Y3)...
December 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Yao-Da Dong, Estefania Tchung, Cameron Nowell, Sadik Kaga, Nathania Leong, Dharmini Mehta, Lisa M Kaminskas, Ben J Boyd
Understanding the effect of liposome size on tendency for accumulation in tumour tissue requires preparation of defined populations of different sized particles. However, controlling the size distributions without changing the lipid composition is difficult, and differences in compositions itself modify distribution behaviour. Here a commercial microfluidic format as well as traditional methods were used to prepare doxorubicin-loaded liposomes of different size distributions but with the same lipid composition, and drug retention, biodistribution and localization in tumour tissues were evaluated...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
J P Adler-Moore, W Ernst, H Kim, N Ward, S M Chiang, T Do, G Fujii
Given the interest in the ectodomain of the matrix 2 (M2e) channel protein as a target for development of a universal influenza vaccine, we examined the role of the antigen configuration of M2e in generating a protective immune response. A series of M2e mutations and a truncated M2e segment were prepared as a means of controlling the formation of monomer, dimer, and higher order multimeric forms of M2e. Each of these M2e peptides was incorporated into a liposome-based vaccine technology platform previously shown to stimulate a protective response to influenza A infection using M2e as a mixture of monomers, dimers and multimers (L-M2e1-HD/MPL)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
G M Jensen
AmBisome (liposomal amphotericin B) is among the earliest approved liposomal therapeutics, and has been in commercial use since the early 1990s. This review provides examples of non-clinical, regulatory, clinical label expansion, adverse event management, and supply chain control reflecting the real world challenges of a commercial liposomal therapeutic. We review examples of post-approval clinical development in severe lung infections, development of US and European guidance documents around liposomal therapeutics, the creation of a suitable placebo for blinded clinical trials, response to findings of a possible new category of adverse event (what turned out to be pseudohyperphosphatemia), challenges in handling the finished product in a setting with high risk of exposure of the product to temperatures outside of the established label storage conditions, and elements of continuingly increased aseptic processing requirements for manufacturing...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Yimei Jia, Michael J McCluskie, Dongling Zhang, Robert Monette, Umar Iqbal, Maria Moreno, Janelle Sauvageau, Dean Williams, Lise Deschatelets, Zygmunt J Jakubek, Lakshmi Krishnan
Archaeosomes composed of archaeal total polar lipids (TPL) or semi-synthetic analog vesicles have been used as vaccine adjuvants and delivery systems in animal models for many years. Typically administered by intramuscular or subcutaneous injections, archaeosomes can induce robust, long-lasting humoral and cell-mediated immune responses against entrapped antigens and provide protection in murine models of infectious disease and cancer. Herein, we evaluated various archaeosomes for transdermal delivery, since this route may help eliminate needle-stick injuries and needle re-use, and therefore increase patient compliance...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
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