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Journal of Liposome Research

Sushila Rathee, Anjoo Kamboj
Researchers have extensively reviewed on herbs and natural products for their marked clinical efficacy in some recent years, however maximum of the newly discovered bioactive constituents offer poor bioavailability due to their large size molecules or to their poor miscibility with oils and lipids, thereby limiting their ability to pass across the lipid-rich outer membranes of the enterocytes of the small intestine (Mukherjee and Wahile, 2006). Phytosomes are more bioavailable as compared to herbal extracts owing to their enhanced capacity to cross the bio-membranes and thus reaching the systemic circulation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Heba F Salem, Rasha M Kharshoum, Abdel Khalek A Halawa, Demiana M Naguib
BACKGROUND: Rosuvastatin (ROS) calcium is the latest synthetic drug in the statin group that has an anti-hyperlipidemic activity. It is available as tablets, and its poor aqueous solubility, slow dissolution rate and low-absorption extent result in less than 20% bioavailability and about 80% being excreted unchanged in the feces without absorption. OBJECTIVE: To utilize nanotechnology to reformulate ROS as a self-nano-emulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS), and utilizing design optimization to fabricate the SNEDDS as a tablet...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Luciana da Silveira Cavalcante, Donald R Branch, Trang T Duong, Rae S M Yeung, Jason P Acker, Jelena L Holovati
Our in vivo studies on a rat model established safety of transfusing liposome-treated red blood cells (RBCs) but identified the potential for immune modulation as related to transfusion efficacy of liposome-treated RBCs. The aim of this study was at assessing the impact of liposome-induced membrane changes on the immune profile of liposome-treated RBCs by (a) evaluating their interaction with endothelial cells and monocytes; and (b) the resulting immune response derived from this interaction, in the form of cytokine release, adhesion molecules expression and phagocytosis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Nadia M Morsi, Ahmed A Aboelwafa, Marwa H S Dawoud
Timolol Maleate (TiM), a nonselective β-adrenergic blocker, is a potent highly effective agent for management of hypertension. The drug suffers from poor oral bioavailability (50%) due to its first pass effect and a short elimination half-life of 4 h; resulting in its frequent administration. Transdermal formulation may circumvent these problems in the form of protransfersomes. The aim of this study is to develop and optimize transdermal protransfersomal system of Timolol Maleate by film deposition on carrier method where protransfersomes were converted to transfersomes upon skin hydration following transdermal application under occlusive conditions...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Neelu Singh, Poonam Parashar, Chandra Bhushan Tripathi, Jovita Kanoujia, Gaurav Kaithwas, Shubhini A Saraf
CONTEXT: Gout is a painful disorder which does not have an efficient delivery system for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: Development and in vitro, in vivo evaluation of allopurinol-loaded nonionic surfactant-based niosomes was envisaged. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Niosomes were prepared with Span 20 and Tween 20 (1:1 molar ratio) using ether injection method. The formulations were screened for entrapment efficiency, particle size analysis, zeta potential, release kinetics, in vivo activity, and stability studies...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Diana Guzman-Villanueva, Raymond Q Migrino, Seth Truran, Nina Karamanova, Daniel A Franco, Camelia Burciu, Subhadip Senapati, Dobrin Nedelkov, Parameswaran Hari, Volkmar Weissig
Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality arising from multi-organ injury induced by amyloidogenic light chain proteins (LC). There is no available treatment to reverse the toxicity of LC. We previously showed that chaperone glycoprotein clusterin (CLU) and nanoliposomes (NL), separately, restore human microvascular endothelial function impaired by LC. In this work, we aim to prepare PEGylated-nanoliposomal clusterin (NL-CLU) formulations that could allow combined benefit against LC while potentially enabling efficient delivery to microvascular tissue, and test efficacy on human arteriole endothelial function...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Heba Abd-El-Azim, Alyaa Ramadan, Noha Nafee, Nawal Khalafallah
The present study investigates the effect of the preparation method (four methods) and formulation additives (propylene glycol (PG) and cholesterol (CH)) on the entrapment efficiency (EE) of pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6 (VB6)), representing hydrophilic water-soluble low permeable vitamins, in unilamellar liposomes. The main aim is to compare determined EE with predicted values generated using a web-published, computational model. Results showed that among the different preparation methods, modified film hydration showed significantly higher EE (p < 0...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Kamila Szostak, Aleksander Czogalla, Magdalena Przybyło, Marek Langner
Octenidine dihydrochloride is an effective antiseptic compound which mode of action is based on destabilization plasma membrane of microorganisms. This ensures that microorganisms cannot develop the drug resistance in a straightforward way, as the entire cellular structure, rather than specific molecular target is affected. Since the octenidine is a hydrophobic compound, it requires organic solvent such as phenoxyethanol in order to be effectively administered. However, the presence of phenoxyethanol has strong irritating effect, particularly when applied on open wounds and mucous membranes...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Axel Hollmann, Lucrecia Delfederico, Nuno Correia Santos, E Anibal Disalvo, Liliana Semorile
In previous works, it was shown that S-layer proteins from Lactobacillus kefir were able to recrystallize and stabilize liposomes, this feature reveling a great potential for developing liposomal-based carriers. Despite previous studies on this subject are important milestones, a number of questions remain unanswered; In this context, the feasibility of S-layer proteins as a biomaterial for drug delivery was evaluated in this work. First, S-layer proteins were fully characterized by Electron microscopy, 2D-electrophoresis, and HPAEC-PAD...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Dalia Ali Farghaly, Ahmed A Aboelwafa, Manal Y Hamza, Magdy I Mohamed
The aim of this study was to investigate microemulsion based topical delivery system for fenoprofen calcium to eliminate its oral gastrointestinal adverse effects. Microemulsion was prepared by the water titration method using oleic acid as oil phase, tween 80 as a surfactant and propylene glycol as a cosurfactant. Oleic acid was selected as oil phase due to its good solubilizing capacity. Microemulsion existence region was determined using pseudo-ternary phase diagrams for preparing different formulations...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
Sławomir Lewicki, Monika Leśniak, Eugeniusz Krzysztof Machaj, Małgorzata Antos-Bielska, Elżbieta Anna Trafny, Janusz Kocik, Zygmunt Pojda
Liposomes are used for encapsulation of the active compounds in different therapies, with the increasing frequency. The important areas of clinical applications of liposomes are cancer targeted treatment, antibiotic delivery or regenerative medicine. The liposomes can transfer both hydrophilic and hydrophobic compounds and have the lipid bilayer which imitates the cell membrane. Liposomes additionally may extend half-live period of drugs and protect them against the elimination in different ways, such as phagocytosis, enzymatic cleavage or exclusion by detoxification...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Liposome Research
V Meenakumari, Hideo Utsumi, A Jawahar, A Milton Franklin Benial
In this work, the detailed studies of electron spin resonance (ESR) and overhauser-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI) were carried out for permeable nitroxyl spin probe, MC-PROXYL as a function of agent concentration in liposomal solution. In order to compare the impermeable nature of nitroxyl radical, the study was also carried out only at 2 mM concentration of carboxy-PROXYL. The ESR parameters were estimated using L-band and 300 MHz ESR spectrometers. The line width broadening was measured as a function of agent concentration in liposomal solution...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Mohammad Najlah, Mohit Jain, Ka-Wai Wan, Waqar Ahmed, Mohamed Albed Alhnan, David A Phoenix, Kevin M G Taylor, Abdelbary Elhissi
In this study the anticancer activity of paclitaxel-loaded nano-liposomes on glioma cell lines was investigated. Soya phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (SPC:Chol), hydrogenated soya phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (HSPC:Chol) or dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (DPPC:Chol) in 1:1 mole ratio were used to prepare ethanol-based proliposomes. Following hydration of proliposomes, the size of resulting vesicles was subsequently reduced to nanometer scale via probe-sonication. The resulting formulations were characterized in terms of size, zeta potential and morphology of the vesicles, and entrapment efficiency of paclitaxel (PX) as well as the final pH of the preparations...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Yoochan Myung, Seongyeol Yeom, Sanghwa Han
Bilayers prepared from sorbitan fatty acid esters (Span) have been frequently used for delivery of drugs including flavonoids. We applied molecular dynamics simulation to characterize the structure of a sorbitan monostearate (Span 60) bilayer in complex with three representative flavones, a subclass of flavonoids. At a low concentration, unsubstituted flavone, the most hydrophobic member, was able to flip over and cross the bilayer with a large diffusion coefficient. At a high concentration, it was accumulated at the bilayer center resulting in a phase separation...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Heba F Salem, Rasha M Kharshoum, Lekaa F Abdel Hakim, Mohamed E Abdelrahim
PURPOSE: Voriconazole has both low aqueous solubility and stability. We hypothesize that designing voriconazole in the form of a nano powder inhaler at a geometric diameter within 1-5 μm will enhance its stability and solubility. Therefore, we prepared nanoagglomerates of voriconazole which will collapse in the lungs to reform the nanoparticles. METHOD: The nanoparticles were formulated using both stearic acid and sodium deoxycholate as edge activators. Osmogenic polycation polyethyleneimine (PEI) was used to form agglomerates of controllable size...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Paola Ringhieri, Alessandra Pannunzio, Angelina Boccarelli, Giancarlo Morelli, Mauro Coluccia, Diego Tesauro
Gynecological tumors are major therapeutic areas of platinum-based anticancer drugs. Here, we report the characterization and in vitro biological assays of cisplatin-containing Egg L-α-phosphatidylcholine liposomes with different amounts of cholesterol. Dynamic light scattering estimated sizes of all obtained liposomes in the 100 nm range that are suitable for in vivo use. On the basis of these data and of the drug loading values, the best formulation has been selected. Stability and drug release properties of platinum-containing liposomes have been verified in serum...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Ratnesh Mishra, Kedar S Prabhavalkar, Lokesh Kumar Bhatt
CONTEXT: Zaltoprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has potent inhibitory action against nociceptive responses. However, gastrointestinal ulcer accompanied with anemia due to the bleeding are most cited side effects associated with it. Due to this, administration of Zaltoprofen is not suitable for individuals with gastric ulcer. Thus, there is unmet need to develop an alternative delivery system that will be easy to administer and can avoid ulcerogenic side effects associated with it...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Mallesh Kurakula, Osama A A Ahmed, Usama A Fahmy, Tarek A Ahmed
CONTEXT: Avanafil (AVA) is used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, but is reported for its poor aqueous solubility. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) are lipid carriers that can greatly enhance drug solubility and bioavailability. OBJECTIVE: This work was aimed to formulate and optimize AVA SLNs with subsequent loading into hydrogel films for AVA transdermal delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AVA SLNs were prepared utilizing homogenization followed by ultra-sonication technique...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Shivani Rai Paliwal, Rishi Paliwal, Govind Prasad Agrawal, Suresh Prasad Vyas
CONTEXT: Surface-modified pH-sensitive liposomal system may be useful for intracellular delivery of chemotherapeutics. OBJECTIVE: Achieving site-specific targeting with over-expressed hyaluronic acid (HA) receptors along with using pH sensitive liposome carrier for intracellular drug delivery was the aim of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stealth HA-targeted pH-sensitive liposomes (SL-pH-HA) were developed and evaluated to achieve effective intracellular delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) vis-a-vis enhanced antitumor activity...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Santosh Shelke, Sadhana Shahi, Sunil Jalalpure, Dinesh Dhamecha
Zolmitriptan is the drug of choice for migraine, but low oral bioavailability (<50%) and recurrence of migraine lead to frequent dosing and increase in associated side effects. Increase in the residence time of drug at the site of drug absorption along with direct nose to brain targeting of zolmitriptan can be a solution to the existing problems. Hence, in the present investigation, thermoreversible intranasal gel of zolmitriptan-loaded nanoethosomes was formulated by using mucoadhesive polymers to increase the residence of the drug into the nasal cavity...
December 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
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