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Journal of Liposome Research

Ana Cláudia P de Almeida, Luciana M A Pinto, Giuliana P Alves, Lígia N M Ribeiro, Maria H A Santana, Cíntia M S Cereda, Leonardo F Fraceto, Eneida de Paula
This study describes the encapsulation of the local anesthetic lidocaine (LDC) in large unilamellar liposomes (LUV) prepared in a scalable procedure, with hydrogenated soybean phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and mannitol. Structural properties of the liposomes were assessed by dynamic light scattering (DLS), nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A modified, two-compartment Franz-cell system was used to evaluate the release kinetics of LDC from the liposomes. The in vivo anesthetic effect of liposomal lidocaine 2% (LUVLDC ) was compared to lidocaine 2% solution without (LDCPLAIN ) or with the vasoconstrictor epinephrine (1:100000) (LDCVASO ), in rat infraorbital nerve blockade model...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Qiongfang Yu, Bian Zhang, Yali Zhou, Qin Ge, Chang Jiali, Yunna Chen, Kaiqi Zhang, Daiyin Peng, Weidong Chen
Background and Objective The combination of two or more different mechanisms of drugs in the treatment of cancer has become one of the effective methods. The purpose of this study was to successfully prepare a non-viral delivery system that could efficiently co-delivery siRNA and gambogenic acid (GNA) to improve the anti-cancer efficiency in HepG2 cells. Methods The delivery system was prepared by a two-step method. Firstly, the GNA anionic liposome took shape by a solvent evaporation method, and then the liposome was bound to the PEI/siRNA complex by electrostatic interaction to form the final carrier system (lipopolyplexes)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Foteini Papageorgiou, Natassa Pippa, Nikolaos Naziris, Costas Demetzos
The aim of the present study is to investigate the interactions between liposomes and proteins and to evaluate the role of liposomal lipid composition and concentration in the formation of protein corona. Liposomes composed of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) or hydrogenated soybean phosphatidylcholine (HSPC) with 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1'-rac-glycerol) (sodium salt) (DPPG), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DPPE-PEG 3000), cholesterol (CH) or mixtures of these lipids, were prepared at different concentrations by the thin-film hydration method...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Sushila Rathee, Anjoo Kamboj
Researchers have extensively reviewed on herbs and natural products for their marked clinical efficacy in some recent years, however, maximum of the newly discovered bioactive constituents offer poor bioavailability due to their large size molecules or to their poor miscibility with oils and lipids, thereby limiting their ability to pass across the lipid-rich outer membranes of the enterocytes of the small intestine. Phytosomes are more bioavailable as compared to herbal extracts owing to their enhanced capacity to cross the bio-membranes and thus reaching the systemic circulation...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Heba F Salem, Rasha M Kharshoum, Abdel Khalek A Halawa, Demiana M Naguib
BACKGROUND: Rosuvastatin (ROS) calcium is the latest synthetic drug in the statin group that has an anti-hyperlipidemic activity. It is available as tablets, and its poor aqueous solubility, slow dissolution rate and low-absorption extent result in less than 20% bioavailability and about 80% being excreted unchanged in the feces without absorption. OBJECTIVE: To utilize nanotechnology to reformulate ROS as a self-nano-emulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS), and utilizing design optimization to fabricate the SNEDDS as a tablet...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Nadia M Morsi, Ahmed A Aboelwafa, Marwa H S Dawoud
Timolol Maleate (TiM), a nonselective β-adrenergic blocker, is a potent highly effective agent for management of hypertension. The drug suffers from poor oral bioavailability (50%) due to its first pass effect and a short elimination half-life of 4 h; resulting in its frequent administration. Transdermal formulation may circumvent these problems in the form of protransfersomes. The aim of this study is to develop and optimize transdermal protransfersomal system of Timolol Maleate by film deposition on carrier method where protransfersomes were converted to transfersomes upon skin hydration following transdermal application under occlusive conditions...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Diana Guzman-Villanueva, Raymond Q Migrino, Seth Truran, Nina Karamanova, Daniel A Franco, Camelia Burciu, Subhadip Senapati, Dobrin Nedelkov, Parameswaran Hari, Volkmar Weissig
Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality arising from multi-organ injury induced by amyloidogenic light chain proteins (LC). There is no available treatment to reverse the toxicity of LC. We previously showed that chaperone glycoprotein clusterin (CLU) and nanoliposomes (NL), separately, restore human microvascular endothelial function impaired by LC. In this work, we aim to prepare PEGylated-nanoliposomal clusterin (NL-CLU) formulations that could allow combined benefit against LC while potentially enabling efficient delivery to microvascular tissue, and test efficacy on human arteriole endothelial function...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Heba Abd-El-Azim, Alyaa Ramadan, Noha Nafee, Nawal Khalafallah
The present study investigates the effect of the preparation method (four methods) and formulation additives (propylene glycol (PG) and cholesterol (CH)) on the entrapment efficiency (EE) of pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6 (VB6)), representing hydrophilic water-soluble low permeable vitamins, in unilamellar liposomes. The main aim is to compare determined EE with predicted values generated using a web-published, computational model. Results showed that among the different preparation methods, modified film hydration showed significantly higher EE (p < 0...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Axel Hollmann, Lucrecia Delfederico, Nuno C Santos, E Anibal Disalvo, Liliana Semorile
In previous works, it was shown that S-layer proteins from Lactobacillus kefir were able to recrystallize and stabilize liposomes, this feature reveling a great potential for developing liposomal-based carriers. Despite previous studies on this subject are important milestones, a number of questions remain unanswered. In this context, the feasibility of S-layer proteins as a biomaterial for drug delivery was evaluated in this work. First, S-layer proteins were fully characterized by electron microscopy, 2D-electrophoresis, and anionic exchange chromatography coupled with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD)...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Dalia Ali Farghaly, Ahmed A Aboelwafa, Manal Y Hamza, Magdy I Mohamed
The aim of this study was to investigate microemulsion (ME) based topical delivery system for fenoprofen calcium (FPCa) to eliminate its oral gastrointestinal adverse effects. ME was prepared by the water titration method using oleic acid as oil phase, tween 80 as a surfactant and propylene glycol as a cosurfactant. Oleic acid was selected as oil phase due to its good solubilizing capacity. ME existence region was determined using pseudo-ternary phase diagrams for preparing different formulations. Six different formulations were selected with various values of oil (25-68%), water (2-3%), and the mixture of surfactant and cosurfactant (1:1) (24-67%)...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Kamila Szostak, Aleksander Czogalla, Magdalena Przybyło, Marek Langner
Octenidine dihydrochloride is an effective antiseptic compound which mode of action is based on destabilization plasma membrane of microorganisms. This ensures that microorganisms cannot develop the drug resistance in a straightforward way, as the entire cellular structure, rather than specific molecular target is affected. Since the octenidine is a hydrophobic compound, it requires organic solvent such as phenoxyethanol in order to be effectively administered. However, the presence of phenoxyethanol has strong irritating effect, particularly when applied on open wounds and mucous membranes...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
V Meenakumari, Hideo Utsumi, A Jawahar, A Milton Franklin Benial
In this work, the detailed studies of electron spin resonance (ESR) and overhauser-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI) were carried out for permeable nitroxyl spin probe, MC-PROXYL as a function of agent concentration in liposomal solution. In order to compare the impermeable nature of nitroxyl radical, the study was also carried out only at 2 mM concentration of carboxy-PROXYL. The ESR parameters were estimated using L-band and 300 MHz ESR spectrometers. The line width broadening was measured as a function of agent concentration in liposomal solution...
June 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Xudong Fu, Yuanyuan Lu, Jiaping Guo, Hui Liu, Aiping Deng, Changchun Kuang, Xiangyang Xie
This study aimed to develop novel temperature-sensitive liposomes loading paclitaxel (PTX-TSL) and evaluate them in vitro to improve the delivery efficiency and targeting of PTX. K237 peptide was conjugated to the terminal NHS of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[hydroxyl succinimidyl (polyethylene glycol)-(DSPE-PEG-NHS), and K237-modified PTX-TSL (K237-PTX-TSL) was prepared using a film dispersion method. K237-TSL encapsulation with calcein was synthesized and used to determine the cellular uptake of TSL...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Mariia I Melnyk, Dariia O Dryn, Lina T Al Kury, Alexander V Zholos, Anatoly I Soloviev
The effects of quercetin-loaded liposomes (PCL-Q) and their constituents, that is, free quercetin (Q) and 'empty' phosphatidylcholine vesicles (PCL), on maxi-K channel activity were studied in single mouse ileal myocytes before and after H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress. Macroscopic Maxi-K channel currents were recorded using whole-cell patch clamp techniques, while single BKCa channel currents were recorded in the cell-attached configuration. Bath application of PCL-Q (100 μg/ml of lipid and 3 μg/ml of quercetin) increased single Maxi-K channel activity more than threefold, from 0...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Alireza Farasat, Fatemeh Rahbarizadeh, Davoud Ahmadvand, Saeed Ranjbar, Shahryar Khoshtinat Nikkhoi
Synergistic effect of combined antibodies targeting distinct epitopes of a particular tumour antigen has encouraged some clinical trial studies and is now considered as an effective platform for cancer therapy. Providing several advantages over conventional antibodies, variable domain of heavy chain of heavy chain antibodies (VH H) is now major tools in diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Active targeting of liposomal drugs is a promising strategy, resulting in enhanced binding and improved cytotoxicity of tumour cells...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Gregory Gregoriadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Mohammad Najlah, Mohit Jain, Ka-Wai Wan, Waqar Ahmed, Mohamed Albed Alhnan, David A Phoenix, Kevin M G Taylor, Abdelbary Elhissi
In this study the anticancer activity of paclitaxel-loaded nano-liposomes on glioma cell lines was investigated. Soya phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (SPC:Chol), hydrogenated soya phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (HSPC:Chol) or dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine:cholesterol (DPPC:Chol) in 1:1 mole ratio were used to prepare ethanol-based proliposomes. Following hydration of proliposomes, the size of resulting vesicles was subsequently reduced to nanometer scale via probe-sonication. The resulting formulations were characterized in terms of size, zeta potential and morphology of the vesicles, and entrapment efficiency of paclitaxel (PX) as well as the final pH of the preparations...
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Therese Klemetsrud, Anna-Lena Kjøniksen, Marianne Hiorth, Jette Jacobsen, Gro Smistad
In this study we investigated the in vitro toxicity, impact on cell permeability and mucoadhesive potential of polymer-coated liposomes intended for use in the oral cavity. A TR146 cell line was used as a model. The overall aim was to end up with a selection of safe polymer coated liposomes with promising mucoadhesive properties for drug delivery to the oral cavity. The following polymers were tested: chitosan, low-methoxylated pectin (LM-pectin), high-methoxylated pectin (HM-pectin), amidated pectin (AM-pectin), Eudragit, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-methacrylic acid) (p(NIPAAM-co-MAA)), hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose (HM-HEC), and hydrophobically modified ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose (HM-EHEC)...
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Bianca Sylvester, Alina Porfire, Dana-Maria Muntean, Laurian Vlase, Lavinia Lupuţ, Emilia Licarete, Alina Sesarman, Marius Costel Alupei, Manuela Banciu, Marcela Achim, Ioan Tomuţă
Quality by design principles (QbD) were used to assist the formulation of prednisolone-loaded long-circulating liposomes (LCL-PLP) in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the preparation process. This approach enables us to improve the final product quality in terms of liposomal drug concentration, encapsulation efficiency and size, and to minimize preparation variability. A 19-run D-optimal experimental design was used to study the impact of the highest risk factors on PLP liposomal concentration (Y1 - μg/ml), encapsulation efficiency (Y2 -%) and size (Y3 -nm)...
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
Nida Akhtar, Anurag Verma, Kamla Pathak
CONTEXT: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disease characterized by inflammation of the skin and has exhibited remarkable repercussions on human life across the globe. Fluocinolone acetonide (FA), a topical corticosteroid is employed in the treatment of atopic dermatitis, but suffers from limited penetration into deeper epidermis of atopic skin. OBJECTIVE: The present investigation was focused to explore the utility of β-cylcoethosomes in improvising the penetration deep into the skin...
March 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
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