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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153242/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153241/treatment-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-a-child-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#2
REVIEW
Eric J Granquist
The oral and maxillofacial surgeon is instrumental in the management and care of pediatric patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and should include JIA in the differential when evaluating pediatric patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Medical management has largely decreased the need for surgical intervention, but these patients may require intraarticular steroid injections of the TMJ, close follow-up to monitor their facial growth, and management of the subsequent postinflammatory degenerative TMJ changes...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153240/acquired-abnormalities-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#3
REVIEW
Anne-Frédérique Chouinard, Leonard B Kaban, Zachary S Peacock
Mandibular growth is a complex process that involves the "functional matrix," an interaction of the muscles of mastication, occlusion, and jaw function. Although not a typical growth center, the mandibular condyle has a significant effect on the ultimate size, shape and function of the mandible and secondarily on overall facial form. Acquired temporomandibular joint (TMJ)/condylar abnormalities, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, idiopathic condylar resorption, TMJ ankylosis, and condylar hyperplasia, often result in facial deformity and functional deficits...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153239/congenital-abnormalities-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#4
REVIEW
Christopher J Galea, Jason E Dashow, Jennifer E Woerner
Congenital deformities of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) complex can present as a heterogeneous continuum of growth disturbances of the mandibular condyle, articular eminence, and temporal bone. This article describes several syndromes with congenital condylar deformity, including mandibulofacial dysostosis (Treacher Collins syndrome), hemifacial microsomia, oculoauriculovertebral syndrome, oculomandibulodyscephaly (Hallermann-Streiff syndrome), and Nager syndrome. Variations in the extent of TMJ deficiency seen in each individual case influence the timing and techniques of TMJ reconstruction...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153238/pediatric-tumors-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#5
REVIEW
Gary F Bouloux, Steven M Roser, Shelly Abramowicz
The incidence of tumors and pseudotumors of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the pediatric population is low. They are often challenging to recognize unless associated with signs and symptoms that may erroneously be interpreted as TMJ dysfunction. Tumors of the TMJ can be divided into 3 categories based on the nature and type of precursor cell involved in the tumor: benign tumors, malignant tumors, and pseudotumors. This article discusses the most common entities in these categories.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153237/trauma-to-the-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint
#6
REVIEW
Sam S Bae, Sharon Aronovich
Management of pediatric condylar fractures presents a unique challenge because the developing mandible provides limited available bone for fixation and primary teeth preclude the use of typical closed reduction techniques. The available literature is reviewed with regard to closed and open treatment approaches.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153236/nonsurgical-management-of-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction
#7
REVIEW
Steven John Scrivani, Shehryar Nasir Khawaja, Paula Furlan Bavia
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a subgroup of craniofacial pain problems involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and associated head and neck musculoskeletal structures. These disorders are subclassified into TMJ articular disorders and masticatory muscle disorders. Patients with TMD most commonly present with pain, restricted or asymmetric mandibular motion, and TMJ sounds during mandibular movements. The prevalence tends to increase with age. Management of TMJ articular disorders consists of a combination of patient education, home-care plan, biobehavioral therapy, physical therapy, orthotic jaw appliance therapy, pharmacotherapy, and/or surgery...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153235/imaging-of-the-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint
#8
REVIEW
Matthew R Hammer, Yassine Kanaan
Imaging of the temporomandibular joint in pediatric patients is a critical component in the evaluation and treatment of children with temporomandibular joint symptoms. MRI can provide detailed joint anatomy and identify inflammation, sometimes before symptom onset. Ultrasound scan is a convenient emerging modality to evaluate the joint and guide therapeutic injections. Radiography and computed tomography offer osseous detail to recognize early morphologic changes of the mandibular condyle and provide operative planning...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153234/evaluation-of-pain-syndromes-headache-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorders-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Bruce B Horswell, Jason Sheikh
After a thorough review of the history and presentation of a child's facial pain, a targeted head and neck examination is critical to the appropriate diagnosis of facial pain and temporomandibular joint disorders. It is critical to distinguish between the structural (trauma, degenerative disease, and tumor) and nonstructural (neurogenic, myogenic, and psychological) causes of pain, which will allow for incorporation of appropriate strategies of medical, psychological, dental, and surgical therapies.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153233/temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-in-the-growing-child
#10
REVIEW
Cory M Resnick
Indications and considerations for reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) differ between growing and skeletally mature patients. Osteoarthritis, which is the most common cause of TMJ destruction in adults, is comparatively rare in children. The most common indications in young patients are congenital deformities, pathology, ankylosis and progressive resorptive processes. Options for reconstruction include distraction osteogenesis, autologous reconstruction (ie, costochondral graft, free fibula flap), and total alloplastic joint replacement...
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153232/development-of-the-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint
#11
REVIEW
Melissa E Bender, Rosa B Lipin, Steven L Goudy
This article focuses on the embryologic development and growth of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and touches on the development and growth of surrounding structures. Aberrations in structures surrounding the TMJ can affect its development as well. The normal adult anatomy of the TMJ is described as well as common malformations. The clinical ramifications of a malformed TMJ are also discussed in order to understand future necessary consultants involved in the care of these patients.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987233/controversies-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#12
EDITORIAL
Luis G Vega, Daniel J Meara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987232/controversies-in-implant-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Tara L Aghaloo, Martin Mardirosian, Brando Delgado
Dental implants are a mainstream treatment protocol to replace missing teeth. Patient and clinician demands have led to shorter length and narrower diameter implants, immediately placed implants into infected sites, and the use of implants in children. This article reviews some of the controversial topics in implant dentistry, and presents the evidence that supports and challenges these newer techniques. Because long-term studies are often not available, especially for implants in infected sites, mini implants, and implants in the growing patient, the field continues to evolve...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987231/controversies-in-anesthesia-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Brett J King, Adam Levine
The future of office-based anesthesia for oral and maxillofacial surgery is at risk. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have been on the forefront of providing safe and effective outpatient anesthesia for decades. Recent changes in Medicare policies have had, and will continue to have, a significant effect on the training of oral and maxillofacial surgery residents regarding anesthesia. The outcome of these changes can have a major effect on the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery and a cornerstone of the profession...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987230/controversies-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Carolyn C Dicus Brookes, Scott B Boyd
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common chronic disease characterized by repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep. OSA is associated with cardiovascular disease and increased mortality, among other issues. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered first line therapy for OSA, but is not always tolerated. Both non-surgical and surgical alternative management strategies are available for the CPAP intolerant patient. This article explores controversies surrounding airway evaluation, definition of successful treatment, and surgical management of the CPAP intolerant patient with moderate to severe OSA...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987229/controversies-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Kyle S Ettinger, Jacob G Yetzer
Imaging studies are essential components of tumor diagnosis, staging, assessing tumor response to neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies, and postoperative surveillance on completion of definitive treatment. Treatment of early stage clinically node negative oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is controversial. Approximately 3% of all head and neck tumors arise within the parotid gland and most often within the superficial lobe, lateral to the facial nerve; about 80% are benign and most are pleomorphic adenoma. In patients with dry eyes failing multiple other treatment modalities and facing ongoing pain and loss of vision, microvascular transplant of the submandibular gland is a viable option...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987228/current-controversies-in-metopic-suture-craniosynostosis
#17
REVIEW
Michael S Jaskolka
Metopic craniosynostosis is being reported with an increasing incidence and is now the second most common type of isolated suture craniosynostosis. Numerous areas of controversy exist in the work-up and management, including defining the diagnosis in the less severe phenotype, the association with neurodevelopmental delay, the impact of surgical treatment, and the applicability of various techniques and their timing on outcomes.
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987227/controversies-in-facial-cosmetic-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Armando Retana
Facial cosmetic surgery techniques are constantly updated to meet the expectations of patients who demand less invasive procedures and less recovery time. Current trends in lower eyelid surgery call for periorbital fat repositioning instead of excision of fat. Controversies still exist in chin augmentations regarding osseous genioplasty versus alloplastic chin implant. The benefits, disadvantages, and considerations of these procedures are discussed.
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987226/controversies-in-orthognathic-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Daniel E Perez, Aaron Liddell
Controversy has accompanied orthognathic surgery since its adaptation for the correction of dentofacial deformities. With the development of less invasive and less morbid osteotomy designs, questions regarding overall osteotomy stability have abounded. The transition from prolonged intermaxillary fixation and wire osteosynthesis to rigid internal fixation has spurred questions regarding the most effective fixation technique, and challenged previously accepted hierarchies of stability. These questions represent only the surface of a sea of debate and discussion, as measures have been taken to optimize patient outcome, minimize patient morbidity, and maximize operating room productivity...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987225/controversies-in-microvascular-maxillofacial-reconstruction
#20
REVIEW
Adam P Fagin, Daniel Petrisor
The effectiveness and reliability of microvascular reconstruction for large defects in the head and neck is no longer disputed. However, many controversies still persist in the ideal perioperative management of patients undergoing free tissue transfer. The optimal method of postoperative monitoring, the use of vasoconstrictors in the perioperative period, and the use of anticoagulants in the postoperative period remain topics of debate. This article offers recommendations on each of these controversies based on a review of the current literature...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
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