Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Substance Abuse

R Spoth, C Goldberg, T Neppl, L Trudeau, S Ramisetty-Mikler
PURPOSE: We examined rural-urban differences in cumulative risk for youth substance use. A recent report [National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) 2000] found that the rural-urban distribution of substance use and known risk factors for substance use differed; in many cases rural youth showed higher levels of use, as well as higher levels of risk factors. The current investigation, while not directly examining substance use, further examined rural-urban differences in the distribution of risk factors for youth substance use, based on information from parent reports...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
S T Nishimura, E S Hishinuma, R H Miyamoto, D A Goebert, R C Johnson, N Y Yuen, N N Andrade
PURPOSE: This study examines the validity of selected items from the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-Adolescent (SASSI-A) version in predicting Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC version 2.3) Substance abuse and dependency (SA/D) for Native Hawaiian (i.e., indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands) and non-Hawaiian adolescents (youth without any Native Hawaiian indigenous ancestry). METHODS: 542 students were randomly selected from the larger sample to participate in the DISC administration...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
B A Moore, A J Budney
PURPOSE: Among marijuana-dependent individuals, approximately 50% smoke tobacco. These individuals are exposed to increased risks of respiratory and other health problems. The current study examined whether tobacco smoking among marijuana-dependent individuals is also associated with increased psychosocial and substance abuse problems. METHODS: Marijuana-dependent individuals (N=174) seeking treatment for marijuana problems completed a 2-3 h assessment. Current tobacco smokers were compared to ex-smokers and never smokers on demographic, psychosocial, and substance use characteristics, and treatment outcome...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
S E Martin, K Bryant
PURPOSE: To explore the associations between violent and other crimes, and alcohol intoxication and recent use of cocaine, marijuana, and other drugs among men and women arrestees and examine gender differences in these relationships. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 1998 using Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) system data using a sample of 9242 male and 2594 women arrested for violent and property offenses in 35 cities. Logistic regression was used to predict arrest for a violent offense (rather than a property crime) from drug- and alcohol-related, and other variables...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
R E Malone, V Yerger, C Pearson
PURPOSE: To explore cigar use perceptions among urban African American youth. METHODS: A convenience sample (n = 50) of African American volunteer participants, ages 14- 18, participated in six audiotaped focus groups conducted in two California cities. Transcriptions were analyzed using iterative strategies. RESULTS: Most youth believed cigars were harmful to health, yet a disjuncture existed between this abstract belief and the socially embedded understandings revealed in discussions...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
D K Knight, G L Wallace, G W Joe, S M Logan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which psychosocial functioning and social relationships changed during the first 3 months of treatment among women in a residential substance abuse program that emphasizes the importance of developing healthy relationships. METHODS: Participants included 77 female clients admitted to the Salvation Army First Choice (FC) Program in Fort Worth, TX. Assessments of psychological functioning, family relations, and peer relations were administered at treatment entry and again after 3 months...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
T L Hughes, T Johnson, S C Wilsnack
PURPOSE: To compare and contrast lesbians' and heterosexual women's experiences of sexual assault and to investigate relationships between sexual assault and alcohol abuse. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 63 lesbians and a demographically matched comparison group of 57 heterosexual women. Lesbians' and heterosexual women's experiences of sexual assault, drinking levels, and alcohol-abuse indicators were compared using descriptive statistics. LISREL analysis was used to test the effects of sexual assault on a latent measure of alcohol abuse...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
W M Harding, B D Caudill, B A Moore
PURPOSE: A common criticism of designated driver programs (DDPs) is that they promote excessive drinking among companions of the designated driver (DD). METHODS: Data were collected from two representative samples of drinkers using computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATIs), and questionnaires administered to customers in barrooms. RESULTS: Most respondents drank moderately--had usual estimated blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) of less than 0...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
B F Grant, F S Stinson, T C Harford
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between age at drinking onset and the development of DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence in a 12-year prospective study of youth in the United States. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses were used to quantify the relationship between age at drinking onset and the development of alcohol abuse and dependence controlling for sociodemographic factors and problem indicators. RESULTS: The odds of alcohol dependence decreased by 5% in 1989 and 9...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
G Gerra, A Zaimovic, R Ampollini, F Giusti, R Delsignore, M A Raggi, G Laviola, T Macchia, F Brambilla
PURPOSE: Objective measures of experimentally induced aggressiveness were evaluated in 12 male 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") users, in comparison with 20 healthy male subjects. METHODS: All the subjects were preliminarily submitted to DSM-IV interviews and Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory (BDHI). During a laboratory task, the Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm (PSAP), subjects earned monetary reinforcers with repeated button presses, and were provoked by the subtraction of money that was attributed to a fictitious other participant...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
F O'Callaghan, J Doyle
PURPOSE: This study examined the role of impression management in cigarette smoking by linking the constructs of self-monitoring, perceived success in impression management, self-esteem and social anxiety among nonsmokers (NS), occasional smokers (OS), and frequent smokers (FS). METHODS: High school students (N=243) in years 8-12 completed a questionnaire assessing the above-mentioned variables. Multivariate discriminant function analysis and a priori contrasts were used to analyze the data...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
S R Currie, D C Hodgins, N el-Guebaly, W Campbell
PURPOSE: Rates of smoking are much higher among persons with alcohol problems and a history of depressive illness than persons without those disorders. Drug use in general may be motivated by outcome expectancies such as negative affective reduction and relaxation. Persons with a history of depression may smoke as a means of mood management. The role of outcome expectancies and major depression in maintaining smoking behavior in a high-risk group of smokers, such as recovering alcoholics, has not been thoroughly examined...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
B D Caudill, F H Kong
PURPOSE: An important question for alcohol abuse prevention and treatment is whether individuals with high needs for social approval, or those who drink heavily in social contexts, are particularly vulnerable to modeling effects in alcohol consumption. METHODS: Male and female heavy social drinkers (N=202), as distinguished by these cognitive and situational variables, participated in a multisession dyadic modeling effects study along with a same-sex confederate model who exhibited alternating patterns of heavy and light consumption in an experimental barroom...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
B Borsari, K B Carey
Peer pressure is consistently implicated in the excessive drinking of college students. However, both theory and empirical findings suggest that peer pressure is a combination of three distinct influences: overt offers of alcohol, modeling, and social norms. Overt offers of alcohol can range from polite gestures to intense goading or commands to drink. Modeling occurs when the student's behavior corresponds to another student's concurrent drinking behavior. Perceived social norms can serve to make excessive alcohol use appear common and acceptable to the student...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
N Slesnick, M Meade
PURPOSE: While many youths residing at homeless shelters will return home, many are placed in group or foster homes. Few researchers have examined the experiences of adolescents with a history of these out-of-home placements. This study examined shelter residents and compared the experiences of system and non-system youth. METHODS: Information regarding youths' family functioning, substance use, depression and related problem behaviors was obtained from substance abusing system (n = 62) and non-system (n = 82) adolescents staying at local runaway shelters...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
J A Richman, K M Rospenda, J A Flaherty, S Freels
PURPOSE: While sexual harassment and generalized workplace abuse (GWA) have been linked with alcohol use and abuse, active problem-focused coping has been shown to lessen vulnerability to deleterious mental health consequences of varied social stressors. At the same time, active coping is relatively more efficacious in response to stressors, which are amenable to change by personal actions. However, the moderating role that coping plays in relation to harassment and drinking is unknown...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
D Pugatch, L L Strong, P Has, D Patterson, C Combs, S Reinert, J D Rich, T Flanigan, L Brown
PURPOSE: To examine heroin use and associated morbidity in young adults undergoing drug detoxification. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all persons (ages 18-25) admitted to either of the two state-funded detoxification facilities in Rhode Island was conducted between June 1998 and June 1999. Only those reporting heroin as a primary drug were included in this study (N=201). RESULTS: Clients were largely male (64%), and white (79%), with a mean age of 22...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
L Miller, M Weissman, M Gur, P Adams
PURPOSE: To investigate among children of opiate addicts a potential protective effect of religiousness (broadly defined in the literature to include religious beliefs, practice, and tradition) against onset of substance use. METHODS: Subjects were 161 opiate-addicted biological parents recruited from methadone maintenance programs in the New York metropolitan area, their 279 children, and 63 non-opiate-addicted parents with whom the child had daily contact. Childhood onset of substance use was assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children (K-SADS); parental DSM-III-R diagnosis of opiate addiction was assessed using the SADS-Lifetime Version (SADS-L)...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
S K McFarlin, W Fals-Stewart, D A Major, E M Justice
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the relationship between victimization from and perpetration of workplace aggression between coworkers and frequency of alcohol use during the last year. METHODS: Civilian employees (N = 300) selected from the US population were interviewed over the telephone with psychometrically sound measures of workplace aggression and alcohol use frequency during the last year. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between alcohol use and workplace aggression, after controlling for sociodemographic variables...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
N P Langan, B M Pelissier
PURPOSE: Nearly all prison-based substance abuse treatment programs have been designed with male prisoners in mind. Administering these male-oriented programs to women prisoners has been the standard correctional practice. Recently, this practice has received considerable criticism. Critics argue that female prisoners have special needs that are not met by programs originally designed for male prisoners. However, most of the empirical support for the existence of such special needs rely on two inappropriate samples: prisoners who are not in treatment and treatment participants who are not incarcerated...
2001: Journal of Substance Abuse
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"