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Biosensors & Bioelectronics

Maria P Walzik, Verena Vollmar, Theresa Lachnit, Helmut Dietz, Susanne Haug, Holger Bachmann, Moritz Fath, Daniel Aschenbrenner, Sepideh Abolpour Mofrad, Oliver Friedrich, Daniel F Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Dongmei Wang, Xiaoqing Xiao, Shen Xu, Yong Liu, Yongxin Li
In this work, single Au nanowire electrodes (AuNWEs) were fabricated by laser-assisted pulling/hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching process, which then were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electrochemical method and finite-element simulation. The as-prepared single AuNWEs were used to construct electrochemical aptamer-based nanosensors (E-AB nanosensors) based on the formation of Au-S bond that duplex DNA tagged with methylene blue (MB) was modified on the surface of electrode. In the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the MB-labeled aptamer dissociated from the duplex DNA due to the strong specific affinity between aptamer and target, which lead to the reduction of MB electrochemical signals...
August 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Li Xu, Wen Liang, Yanli Wen, Lele Wang, Xue Yang, Shuzhen Ren, Nengqin Jia, Xiaolei Zuo, Gang Liu
Electrochemical DNA biosensor has unique advantages for on-site pathogenic microorganism detection, yet the detection of long DNA towards genome DNA (gDNA) analysis remains challenge. In this work, we report a novel electrochemical biosensor for the ultrasensitive analysis of mecA DNA on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) genome, using a multi-signal probes (MSP) system. The MSP consists of 7 biotin-labelled signal probes that will combine to the target DNA in a prehybridization step, and then the complex will be captured by a DNA tetrahedron structure probe (TSP) on the electrode surface...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xiangyu Chen, Zhiting Liang, Daobo Li, Ying Xiong, Penghui Xiong, Yong Guan, Shuangyue Hou, Yue Hu, Shan Chen, Gang Liu, Yangchao Tian
Shewanella oneidensis, a model organism for electrochemical activity bacteria, has been widely studied at the biofilm level. However, to obtain more information regarding this species, it is essential to develop an approach to trap and detect S. oneidensis at the cell level. In this study, we report a rapid and label-free microfluidic platform for trapping, counting and detecting S. oneidensis cells. A microfluidic chip was integrated with a modified dielectrophoresis (DEP) trapping technique and hole arrays of different hole sizes...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Dan Li, Yadan Ma, Huazhen Duan, Wei Deng, Dawei Li
This study demonstrates a novel strategy for colorimetric/fluorescent/surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) triple-mode sensing of nitrite based on Griess reaction modulated gold nanorods (GNRs)-Azo-gold nanoparticles (GNPs) (GNRs-Azo-GNPs) assembly. The p-aminothiophenol (PATP)-capped GNRs (GNRs@PATP) and 1,8-diaminonaphthalene (DAP)-modified GNPs (GNPs@DAP) are first synthesized through Au-S and Au-N bonds, respectively. Upon being excited at 365nm, the dispersion of GNRs-GNPs (GNRs@PATP and GNPs@DAP) emits cyan fluorescence...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xingxin Wang, Dongshu Du, Haibin Dong, Sunfengda Song, Kwangnak Koh, Hongxia Chen
Nanoparticle (NP) structure, compositing and the nature of the NP-functionalized electrode interface have a strong influence upon electrochemical properties that are critical in applications such as sensing, photocatalysis and electrocatalysis. Existing methods to fabricate NP-functionalized electrodes do not allow or precise control over all these variables, especially the NP-electrode interface, making it difficult to understand and predict how structural changes influence electrode activity and consequently limit the application...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Shuai Chen, Pin Liu, Kewen Su, Xuan Li, Zhen Qin, Wei Xu, Jun Chen, Chaorui Li, Jingfu Qiu
In this work, novel octahedral Cu2O-Au nanocomposites were synthesized and first applied in an electrochemical aptasensor to detect thrombin (TB) with the aid of a DNAzyme for signal amplification. The octahedral Cu2O-Au nanocomposites have not only simultaneously served as signal amplifying molecules but have also been utilized as an ideal loading platform to immobilize a large number of electroactive substances and recognition probes. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were grown directly on the surface of the octahedral Cu2O nanocrystals, and the Cu2O-Au nanocomposites obtained had the advantages of large surface areas and excellent biocompatibilities...
August 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Wenjuan Zhu, Malik Saddam Khan, Wei Cao, Xu Sun, Hongmin Ma, Yong Zhang, Qin Wei
An efficient quenching electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor based on ECL resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) was studied for sensitive analysis of prostate specific antigen (PSA). In this protocol, nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (NGQDs) which could produce excellent ECL emission, were loaded onto Ni(OH)2 with the three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical and stacked lamellar structure. Taking advantages of high conductivity and large specific surface area of Ni(OH)2, the better electrochemical and ECL behavior of Ni(OH)2/NGQDs were presented...
August 4, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lingxia Guo, Yuchen Shi, Xiangfei Liu, Zhitao Han, Zhenjie Zhao, Yong Chen, Wenhui Xie, Xin Li
Nanostructure-enhanced detection is promising for a number of applications such as early cancer diagnosis, environmental monitoring and mine safety, among which nanostructures integrated microfluidic chips offers unique advantage of ultra-low quantitative analyses. Here, dense ZnO nanowires of varied diameter and length were obtained by changing the content of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and growth time via simple hydrothermal growth in microfluidic channels for protein detection. We showed that this approach was superiorly efficient compared to the conventional hydrothermal method due to the flow-induced replenishment of nutrient and the effect of shear stress...
August 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Peisheng Zhang, Hong Wang, Yongxiang Hong, Maolin Yu, Rongjin Zeng, Yunfei Long, Jian Chen
The development of effective method for monitoring of endogenous hypochlorous acid (HClO) in vivo is of great significance for early diagnosis of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute liver injury. Herein, we report a polymer micelles-based ratiometric fluorescent probe (PM) based on the combination of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) mechanism and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) principle for selective visualization of endogenous HClO in vivo. Upon the reaction of PM with HClO, the electron-donating thiourea moiety is oxidized and transformed into imidazoline moiety (electron-withdrawing group), resulting in a dramatic blue shift (˃100nm) in the fluorescence emission...
August 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Junwei Su, Hamed Esmaeilzadeh, Fang Zhang, Qing Yu, George Cernigliaro, Jin Xu, Hongwei Sun
A new sensing device was developed to achieve ultrahigh sensitivity, by coupling polymer micropillars with a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) substrate to form a two-degree- of-freedom resonance system (QCM-P). The sensitivity of these QCM-P devices was evaluated by measuring mass changes for both deposited gold film and adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA), respectively, on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) micropillar surfaces, as well as assessing ligand-analyte binding interactions between anti-human immunoglobulin G (anti-hIgG) and human immunoglobulin G (hIgG)...
August 2, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chutiparn Lertvachirapaiboon, Akira Baba, Sanong Ekgasit, Kazunari Shinbo, Keizo Kato, Futao Kaneko
Transmission surface plasmon resonance (TSPR) is an unusual extraordinary optical transmission that is more transparent at certain wavelengths than expected by classical theory. The three main plasmonic structures that providing this phenomenon are nanohole arrays, diffraction gratings, and nanoslit arrays. This extraordinary optical transmission phenomenon is produced as a result of surface plasmon excitations. The shifting in TSPR responses upon changing of dielectric environment at the surface of a metallic film was observed...
August 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Han Sun, Wanbo Li, Zhen-Zhen Dong, Chong Hu, Chung-Hang Leung, Dik-Lung Ma, Kangning Ren
A paper-based microfluidic device based on unconventional principle was developed and used to detect lead ions through a two-step process including heated incubation and subsequent mixing. The device was made by generating a superhydrophobic pattern, which defines channel and reservoir barriers, on a water-impermeable paper substrate, followed by loading and drying the reagents in the defined reservoirs. Different from the conventional paper-based devices that are made of water-permeable paper, the as-prepared device holds water drops in discrete reservoirs, and the water drops will not move unless the device is titled along the direction of the predefined channels...
August 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Raji Atchudan, Thomas Nesakumar Jebakumar Immanuel Edison, Kanikkai Raja Aseer, Suguna Perumal, Namachivayam Karthik, Yong Rok Lee
A facile, economical and one-step hydrothermal method is used to synthesize highly durable fluorescent nitrogen-doped carbon dots (FNCDs) by utilizing Phyllanthus acidus (P. acidus) and aqueous ammonia as the carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. The synthesized FNCDs have an average size of 4.5±1nm and showed bright blue fluorescence under the irradiation of UV-light at an excitation wavelength of 365nm. It exhibits a quantum yield (QY) of 14% at an excitation wavelength of 350nm with maximum emission at 420nm...
August 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yueqing Cai, Junhui You, Zhengyi You, Fang Dong, Shuhu Du, Liying Zhang
The fluorescent paper for colorimetric detection of metal ions has been widely fabricated using various sensing probes, but it still remains an elusive task to design a test paper with multicolor variation with target dosages for accurate determination. Herein, we report a profuse color-evolution-based fluorescent test paper sensor for rapid and visual monitoring of Cu(2+) in human urine by printing tricolor probe onto filter paper. The tricolor probe consists of blue-emission carbon dots (bCDs), green-emission quantum dots (gQDs) and red-emission quantum dots (rQDs), which is based on the principle that the fluorescence of gQDs and rQDs are simultaneously quenched by Cu(2+), whereas the bCDs as the photostable internal standard is insensitive to Cu(2+)...
July 31, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jong Min Lim, Nam Su Heo, Seo Yeong Oh, Myung Yi Ryu, Jeong Hyun Seo, Tae Jung Park, Yun Suk Huh, Jong Pil Park
Cholera toxin is a major virulent agent of Vibrio cholerae, and it can rapidly lead to severe dehydration, shock, causing death within hours without appropriate clinical treatments. In this study, we present a method wherein unique and short peptides that bind to cholera toxin subunit B (CTX-B) were selected through M13 phage display. Biopanning over recombinant CTX-B led to rapid screening of a unique peptide with an amino acid sequence of VQCRLGPPWCAK, and the phage-displayed peptides analyzed using ELISA, were found to show specific affinities towards CTX-B...
July 31, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
F R Caetano, E A Carneiro, D Agustini, L C S Figueiredo-Filho, C E Banks, M F Bergamini, L H Marcolino-Junior
Microfluidic devices constructed using low cost materials presents as alternative for conventional flow analysis systems because they provide advantages as low consumption of reagents and samples, high speed of analysis, possibility of portability and the easiness of construction and maintenance. Herein, is described for the first time the use of an electrochemical biosensor for phenol detection combined with a very simple and efficient microfluidic device based on commercial textile threads. Taking advantages of capillary phenomena and gravity forces, the solution transportation is promoted without any external forces or injection pump...
July 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Qian Lu, Tingyao Zhou, Yaping Wang, Lingshan Gong, Jinbin Liu
Luminescent gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) synthesized using non-thiolate DNA ligands were reported to show both optical and structure responses toward diethyposphorthioate (DEP) derived from the hydrolysis of chlorpyrifos (CP). After incubation of AuNCs with DEP, the non-thiolate DNA ligands were immediately replaced and the tiny AuNCs with ultrasmall size transformed gradually to plasmonic nanoparticles, which resulted in significant luminescence quenching of the AuNCs, offering a new possibility to selectively detect organophosphorothioate pesticides that could be easily hydrolyzed to form the special structures such as DEP containing two binding sites (e...
July 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xunjia Li, Hai-Feng Jiao, Xi-Zhi Shi, Aili Sun, Xiujuan Wang, Jiye Chai, De-Xiang Li, Jiong Chen
A novel molecularly imprinted silica layer appended to FeSe quantum dots (MIP-FeSe-QDs) was fabricated and utilized as a recognition element to develop a selective and sensitive fluorescent nanosensor for cyfluthrin (CYF) determination. The MIP-FeSe-QDs were characterized by fluorescence spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Excellent selectivity and high sensitivity of MIP-FeSe-QDs to CYF molecules were observed based on the fluorescence quenching of FeSe-QDs...
July 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Junyang Zhuang, Bin Han, Wenchao Liu, Jinfei Zhou, Kewei Liu, Dapeng Yang, Dianping Tang
Liposomes are an excellent candidate component for biosensors to transduce and amplify detection signals due to their outstanding ability in encapsulating signal marker compounds. However, the use of liposomes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) signal transduction has not yet been achieved due the lack of appropriate sensing strategy. Herein, we report on a novel liposomes-amplified PEC immunoassay (LAPIA) method for sensitive HIV-p24 antigen (p24) detection based on a split-type strategy. Initially, liposomes were encapsulated with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in their hydrophilic chamber and conjugated with secondary antibody on the surface to form the ALP-encapsulated liposomes (ALP-Ls) based PEC signal label...
July 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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