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Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

Fidel Toldrá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Anthony Fardet
Up today technological processes are intended to produce safe and palatable food products. Yet, it is also expected that processing produces healthy and sustainable foods. However, due to the dramatic increase of chronic diseases prevalence worldwide, i.e., obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some cancers, ultraprocessing has been pointed out as producing unhealthy foods, rich in energy and poor in protective micronutrients and fiber, i.e., "empty" calories. Indeed the 1980s saw massive arrivals of ultraprocessed foods in supermarkets, i...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Claudia Della Corte, Salvatore Iasevoli, Andrea Dello Strologo, Mariateresa Sanseviero, Valerio Nobili
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents the most common cause of chronic liver disease in Industrialized Countries in adults and children. It is estimated that NAFLD will become the main indication for liver transplantation in the next decade. NAFLD is also considered the hepatic feature of metabolic syndrome and therefore it is generally associated to the risk of developing some metabolic complications, with negative impact on patient's survival. Today, no pharmacological treatment has been identified for NAFLD, and behavioral approach, based on diet and regular physical exercise, represent the current recommended treatment, even if with disappointing results...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Gennady Evtugyn, Veronika Subjakova, Sopio Melikishvili, Tibor Hianik
This chapter reviews recent achievements in methods of detection of mycotoxins in food. Special focus is on the biosensor technology that utilizes antibodies and nucleic acid aptamers as receptors. Development of biosensors is based on the immobilization of antibodies or aptamers onto various conventional supports like gold layer, but also on nanomaterials such as graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots that provide an effective platform for achieving high sensitivity of detection using various physical methods, including electrochemical, mass sensitive, and optical...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Nan Fu, Song Huang, Jie Xiao, Xiao Dong Chen
Probiotics are microorganisms capable of conferring health benefits to humans and animals when ingested. Probiotic products that prevail in food market usually contain viable bacteria from Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genera. Bacterial strains in these genera often have complex nutrient requirements and tend to be fragile under environmental stresses. How to incorporate the cells into food matrix without causing undesired viability loss is a key issue for developing products of viable probiotics. Spray drying offers a rapid way to produce powders encapsulating probiotics in a matrix of protectant(s), which may extend the term of viability preservation and expand the application of probiotic products...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Amparo Querol, Roberto Pérez-Torrado, Javier Alonso-Del-Real, Romain Minebois, Jiri Stribny, Bruno M Oliveira, Eladio Barrio
The most important factor in winemaking is the quality of the final product and the new trends in oenology are dictated by wine consumers and producers. Traditionally the red wine is the most consumed and more popular; however, in the last times, the wine companies try to attract other groups of populations, especially young people and women that prefer sweet, whites or rosé wines, very fruity and with low alcohol content. Besides the new trends in consumer preferences, there are also increased concerns on the effects of alcohol consumption on health and the effects of global climate change on grape ripening and wine composition producing wines with high alcohol content...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Verônica O Alvarenga, Fernanda B Campagnollo, Leonardo do Prado-Silva, Claudia N Horita, Magdevis Y R Caturla, Eliene P R Pereira, Aline Crucello, Anderson S Sant'Ana
Unit operations modify material properties aiming to produce uniform and high-quality food products with greater acceptance by the increasingly demanding consumers or with longer shelf life and better possibilities of storage and transport. Microorganisms, including bacteria, molds, viruses, and parasites, may have different susceptibilities to unit operations employed during food processing. On-farm (cleaning, selection and classification, cooling, storage, and transport) and on-factory unit operations (heating, refrigeration/freezing, dehydration, modification of atmosphere, irradiation, and physical, chemical, and microbial-based operations) are commonly employed throughout food production chain...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Wang Liao, Forough Jahandideh, Hongbing Fan, Myoungjin Son, Jianping Wu
The hen's egg is an important protein source of human diet. On average one large egg contains ~6g protein, which contributes to ~11% of daily protein intake. As a high-quality protein, egg proteins are well recognized as excellent sources of bioactive peptides. The objectives of this chapter are to introduce generation, bioactivities, and absorption of egg protein-derived bioactive peptides. Research on egg protein-derived bioactive peptides has been progressed during the past decades. Enzymatic hydrolysis is the major technique to prepare bioactive peptides from egg protein...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Fidel Toldrá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Georgia-Paraskevi Nikoleli, Dimitrios P Nikolelis, Christina G Siontorou, Stephanos Karapetis, Theo Varzakas
The modern environmental and food analysis requires sensitive, accurate, and rapid methods. The growing field of biosensors represents an answer to this demand. Unfortunately, most biosensor systems have been tested only on distilled water or buffered solutions, although applications to real samples are increasingly appearing in recent years. In this context, biosensors for potential food applications continue to show advances in areas such as genetic modification of enzymes and microorganisms, improvement of recognition element immobilization, and sensor interfaces...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
David Campos, Rosana Chirinos, Lena Gálvez Ranilla, Romina Pedreschi
The Andes is considered the longest continental mountain range in the world. It covers 7000km long and about 200-700km wide and an average height of about 4000m. Very unique plant species are endemic of this area including fruits (e.g., lucuma, cherimoya, sweet pepino, sauco), roots and tubers (potatoes, sweet potatoes, yacón, chicuru, mashua, olluco, etc.), and seeds (quinoa, amaranth, tarwi, etc.). These crops have been used for centuries by the native population and relatively recently have gained the world attention due to the wide range of nutrients and/or phytochemicals they possess...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Peter Šimko
This chapter deals with interactions between foods or food additives and plastic package materials oriented to elimination of hazardous compounds from foods. As found, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can be effectively eliminated from liquid smoke flavors and smoked meat products by migration of PAHs into low-density polyethylene (LDPE), when the limiting factor of the elimination is diffusion in food matrix. After leaving food bulk, PAHs migrate deeper into LDPE bulk what brings about permanent renewal of material imbalance on LDPE/food matrix interface that maintains the migration process in an intensive regime causing extensive lowering of PAH content in food matrix...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Kumari S Ojha, Brijesh K Tiwari, Colm P O'Donnell
Ultrasound technology has been successfully demonstrated for several food processing and preservation applications. The majority of food processing applications reported refer to liquid foods. Ultrasound has been applied to solid foods in some niche applications, e.g., tenderization of meat, mass transfer applications, and drying. Similar to any other technology, ultrasound also has some positive and negative effects on food quality depending on the application and processing conditions employed. This chapter outlines various applications of ultrasound to food and its effect on food and nutritional quality...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Jay R Hoffman, Alyssa Varanoske, Jeffrey R Stout
β-Alanine is one of the more popular sport supplements used by strength/power athletes today. The popularity of β-alanine stems from its ability to enhance intracellular muscle-buffering capacity thereby delaying fatigue during high-intensity exercise by increasing muscle carnosine content. Recent evidence also suggests that elevated carnosine levels may enhance cognitive performance and increase resiliency to stress. These benefits are thought to result from carnosine's potential role as an antioxidant. This review will discuss these new findings including recent investigations examining β-alanine supplementation and increased resiliency to posttraumatic stress and mild traumatic brain injury...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Shixiang Yao, Dominic Agyei, Chibuike C Udenigwe
Bioactive peptides have many structural features that enable them to become functional in controlling several biological processes in the body, especially those related to metabolic health. This chapter provides an overview of the multiple targets of food-derived peptides against metabolic health problems (e.g., hypertension, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, oxidative stress) and discusses the importance of structural chemistry in determining the bioactivities of peptides and protein hydrolysates.
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Nevena Kardum, Maria Glibetic
Regular and optimal intake of polyphenols associates with numerous health-promoting effects. Bioavailability and activity of polyphenols depend on foods' structure and interactions with other food constituents, especially proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. Polyphenols-proteins interactions can result in various biological effects, such as sense of astringency. So far, polyphenols interactions with food lipids have not been of special importance, except in case of plant oils. Polyphenols-carbohydrates interactions can influence the organoleptic properties, while interactions with dietary fibers are particularly significant...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Andrew J Gravelle, Alejandro G Marangoni
The structuring edible oils by nontraditional means has become a popular strategy for improving the lipid profile of food products while retaining the functionality of a crystalline triglyceride network. Although numerous oleogelator systems have now been identified, the polymer gelator ethylcellulose (EC) may present the greatest potential for applications in a diverse range of food systems which require unique physical attributes and structuring properties in the fat phase. The first portion of this chapter will provide a brief overview of oleogelation strategies, outline the basic physical characteristics of the polymer EC, and describe the mechanism of gelation and some basic physical characteristics of EC oleogels...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
N A Michael Eskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
James B Kirkland, Mirella L Meyer-Ficca
Nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, collectively referred to as niacin, are nutritional precursors of the bioactive molecules nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP). NAD and NADP are important cofactors for most cellular redox reactions, and as such are essential to maintain cellular metabolism and respiration. NAD also serves as a cosubstrate for a large number of ADP-ribosylation enzymes with varied functions. Among the NAD-consuming enzymes identified to date are important genetic and epigenetic regulators, e...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Marziyeh Ashoori
Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin, which was initially isolated from milk. There are two coenzyme forms of riboflavin, flavin mononucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide, in which riboflavin plays important roles in the enzymatic reactions. Riboflavin is found in a wide variety of animal and plant foods. Meat and dairy products are the major contributors of riboflavin dietary intake. In this chapter, the latest evidence on the relationship between riboflavin status and specific health risks will be reviewed...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
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