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Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215330/preface
#1
EDITORIAL
S-K Kim, F Toldrá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215329/biotechnological-applications-of-marine-enzymes-from-algae-bacteria-fungi-and-sponges
#2
S Parte, V L Sirisha, J S D'Souza
Diversity is the hallmark of all life forms that inhabit the soil, air, water, and land. All these habitats pose their unique inherent challenges so as to breed the "fittest" creatures. Similarly, the biodiversity from the marine ecosystem has evolved unique properties due to challenging environment. These challenges include permafrost regions to hydrothermal vents, oceanic trenches to abyssal plains, fluctuating saline conditions, pH, temperature, light, atmospheric pressure, and the availability of nutrients...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215328/characterization-and-applications-of-marine-microbial-enzymes-in-biotechnology-and-probiotics-for-animal-health
#3
T H Nguyen, V D Nguyen
Marine microorganisms have been recognized as potential sources of novel enzymes because they are relatively more stable than the corresponding enzymes derived from plants and animals. Enzymes from marine microorganisms also differ from homologous enzymes in terrestrial microorganisms based on salinity, pressure, temperature, and lighting conditions. Marine microbial enzymes can be used in diverse industrial applications. This chapter will focus on the biotechnological applications of marine enzymes and also their use as a tool of marine probiotics to improve host digestion (food digestion, food absorption, and mucus utilization) and cleave molecular signals involved in quorum sensing in pathogens to control disease in aquaculture...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215327/enzymes-in-fermented-fish
#4
Giyatmi, H E Irianto
Fermented fish products are very popular particularly in Southeast Asian countries. These products have unique characteristics, especially in terms of aroma, flavor, and texture developing during fermentation process. Proteolytic enzymes have a main role in hydrolyzing protein into simpler compounds. Fermentation process of fish relies both on naturally occurring enzymes (in the muscle or the intestinal tract) as well as bacteria. Fermented fish products processed using the whole fish show a different characteristic compared to those prepared from headed and gutted fish...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215326/marine-enzymes-and-microorganisms-for-bioethanol-production
#5
M R Swain, V Natarajan, C Krishnan
Bioethanol is a potential alternative fuel to fossil fuels. Bioethanol as a fuel has several economic and environmental benefits. Though bioethanol is produced using starch and sugarcane juice, these materials are in conflict with food availability. To avoid food-fuel conflict, the second-generation bioethanol production by utilizing nonfood lignocellulosic materials has been extensively investigated. However, due to the complexity of lignocellulose architecture, the process is complicated and not economically competitive...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215325/bioremediation-of-industrial-waste-through-enzyme-producing-marine-microorganisms
#6
P Sivaperumal, K Kamala, R Rajaram
Bioremediation process using microorganisms is a kind of nature-friendly and cost-effective clean green technology. Recently, biodegradation of industrial wastes using enzymes from marine microorganisms has been reported worldwide. The prospectus research activity in remediation area would contribute toward the development of advanced bioprocess technology. To minimize industrial wastes, marine enzymes could constitute a novel alternative in terms of waste treatment. Nowadays, the evidence on the mechanisms of bioremediation-related enzymes from marine microorganisms has been extensively studied...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215324/bacillus-probiotic-enzymes-external-auxiliary-apparatus-to-avoid-digestive-deficiencies-water-pollution-diseases-and-economic-problems-in-marine-cultivated-animals
#7
Jorge Olmos Soto
Exploitation of marine fishes is the main source of several life-supporting feed compounds such as proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates that maintain the production of most trading marine organisms by aquaculture. However, at this rate the marine inventory will go to the end soon, since fishery resources are finite. In this sense, the availability of the principal ingredients obtained from marine fishes is going to decrease considerably, increasing the diet prices and affecting the economy of this activity. Therefore, aquaculture industry needs to find nonexpensive land unconventional resources of protein, carbohydrates, and lipids and use bacterial probiotics to improve digestion-assimilation of these unfamiliar compounds...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215323/marine-enzymes-production-and-applications-for-human-health
#8
T Eswara Rao, M Imchen, R Kumavath
Marine microbial enzymes have wide applications in bioindustries. Selection of microorganisms for enzyme production at the industrial level requires good yield and high production rate. A number of enzymes such as amylase, caseinase, lipase, gelatinase, and DNases have been discovered from microbes isolated from extreme marine environments. Such enzymes are thermostable, tolerant to a varied range of pH and other harsh conditions required in industrial applications. Novelty in their structure and characteristics has shown promising scope to the researchers in academia and industry...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215322/production-of-enzymes-from-agricultural-wastes-and-their-potential-industrial-applications
#9
S Bharathiraja, J Suriya, M Krishnan, P Manivasagan, S-K Kim
Enzymatic hydrolysis is the significant technique for the conversion of agricultural wastes into valuable products. Agroindustrial wastes such as rice bran, wheat bran, wheat straw, sugarcane bagasse, and corncob are cheapest and plentifully available natural carbon sources for the production of industrially important enzymes. Innumerable enzymes that have numerous applications in industrial processes for food, drug, textile, and dye use have been produced from different types of microorganisms from agricultural wastes...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215321/biomedical-applications-of-enzymes-from-marine-actinobacteria
#10
K Kamala, P Sivaperumal
Marine microbial enzyme technologies have progressed significantly in the last few decades for different applications. Among the various microorganisms, marine actinobacterial enzymes have significant active properties, which could allow them to be biocatalysts with tremendous bioactive metabolites. Moreover, marine actinobacteria have been considered as biofactories, since their enzymes fulfill biomedical and industrial needs. In this chapter, the marine actinobacteria and their enzymes' uses in biological activities and biomedical applications are described...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215320/marine-enzymes-in-cancer-a-new-paradigm
#11
R H Prabhu, K S Bhise, V B Patravale
Over the last decades, the vast chemical and biodiversity of marine environment has been identified as an important source of new anticancer drugs. The evolution of marine life is a result of competition among microorganisms for space and nutrients in the marine environment, which drives marine microorganisms to generate diverse enzyme systems with unique properties to adapt to harsh conditions of ocean. Therefore, marine-derived sources offer novel enzymes endowed with extraordinary properties. Recent advances in cancer therapy have facilitated enzyme therapy as a promising tool...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770866/preface
#12
EDITORIAL
Se-Kwon Kim, Fidel Toldrá
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770865/bioprospects-of-microbial-enzymes-from-mangrove-associated-fungi-and-bacteria
#13
K Saravanakumar, N Rajendran, K Kathiresan, J Chen
Mangroves ecosystem provides the unique habitat for the colonization of fungi and bacteria. Interestingly, the enzymes derived from mangroves associated microorganisms have enormous economic value in industries of agriculture, pulp, paper, medicine, sewage treatments, etc. Microbial enzyme activity is required for the metabolism of plants and animals. In addition, the enzymes are also involved in aquatic animal food cycle and degradation of mangroves detritus. However, the understanding of current status of mangroves associated microorganism-derived enzymes and its application is required to improve the future omics studies...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770864/enzymes-from-rare-actinobacterial-strains
#14
J Suriya, S Bharathiraja, P Manivasagan, S-K Kim
Actinobacteria constitute rich sources of novel biocatalysts and novel natural products for medical and industrial utilization. Although actinobacteria are potential source of economically important enzymes, the isolation and culturing are somewhat tough because of its extreme habitats. But now-a-days, the rate of discovery of novel compounds producing actinomycetes from soil, freshwater, and marine ecosystem has increased much through the developed culturing and genetic engineering techniques. Actinobacteria are well-known source of their bioactive compounds and they are the promising source of broad range of industrially important enzymes...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770863/extremozymes-from-marine-actinobacteria
#15
J Suriya, S Bharathiraja, M Krishnan, P Manivasagan, S-K Kim
Marine microorganisms that have the possibility to survive in diverse conditions such as extreme temperature, pH, pressure, and salinity are known as extremophiles. They produce biocatalysts so named as extremozymes that are active and stable at extreme conditions. These enzymes have numerous industrial applications due to its distinct properties. Till now, only a fraction of microorganisms on Earth have been exploited for screening of extremozymes. Novel techniques used for the cultivation and production of extremophiles, as well as cloning and overexpression of their genes in various expression systems, will pave the way to use these enzymes for chemical, food, pharmaceutical, and other industrial applications...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770862/marine-microbes-as-a-potential-source-of-cellulolytic-enzymes
#16
N Trivedi, C R K Reddy, A M Lali
Marine environment hosts the wide range of habitats with remarkably high and diverse microbial populations. The ability of marine microorganisms to survive in extreme temperature, salinity, and pressure depends on the function of multivarious enzyme systems that in turn provide vast potential for biotechnological exploration studies. Therefore, the enzymes from marine microorganism represent novel bio catalytic potential with stable and reliable properties. Microbial cellulases constitute a major group of industrial enzymes that find applications in various industries...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770861/enzyme-immobilization-an-overview-on-methods-support-material-and-applications-of-immobilized-enzymes
#17
V L Sirisha, Ankita Jain, Amita Jain
Immobilized enzymes can be used in a wide range of processes. In recent years, a variety of new approaches have emerged for the immobilization of enzymes that have greater efficiency and wider usage. During the course of the last two decades, this area has rapidly expanded into a multidisciplinary field. This current study is a comprehensive review of a variety of literature produced on the different enzymes that have been immobilized on various supporting materials. These immobilized enzymes have a wide range of applications...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770860/marine-microbial-amylases-properties-and-applications
#18
J Suriya, S Bharathiraja, M Krishnan, P Manivasagan, S-K Kim
Amylases are crucial enzymes which hydrolyze internal glycosidic linkages in starch and produce as primary products dextrins and oligosaccharides. Amylases are classified into α-amylase, β-amylase, and glucoamylase based on their three-dimensional structures, reaction mechanisms, and amino acid sequences. Amylases have innumerable applications in clinical, medical, and analytical chemistries as well as in food, detergent, textile, brewing, and distilling industries. Amylases can be produced from plants, animals, and microbial sources...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770859/usefulness-of-alginate-lyases-derived-from-marine-organisms-for-the-preparation-of-alginate-oligomers-with-various-bioactivities
#19
S Takeshita, T Oda
Alginate-degrading enzyme, alginate lyase, catalyzes the cleavage of glycosidic 1-4 O-linkages between uronic acid residues of alginate by a β-elimination reaction leaving a 4-deoxy-l-erythro-hex-4-ene pyranosyluronate as nonreducing terminal end. The enzymes from a wide variety of sources such as marine molluscs, seaweeds, and marine bacteria have been discovered and studied not only from a point of view of enzymological interest of enzyme itself but also for elucidation of fine chemical structure of alginate, structure-activity relationship of alginate, and biological activities and physicochemical features of the enzymatic digestion products...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770858/mechanism-and-aquaculture-application-of-teleost-enzymes-adapted-at-low-temperature
#20
C-L Wu, B-Y Li, J-L Wu, C-F Hui
Environment temperature highly influences the physiological condition of poikilothermic teleost. There are different physiological and biochemical responses between fish in different habitats. In order to take profit of fish adapted to different temperatures, some important enzymes have been isolated, assayed, and analyzed. Enzyme expression patterns and properties were evaluated in lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase studies. In this chapter, we try to identify the mechanisms of enzyme activity at low temperature by comparing different studies on enzyme kinetics and regulation...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
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