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European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445251/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-treated-with-%C3%AE-interferon-and-ribavirin-antiviral-therapy-clinical-and-fibrosis-impact-of-treatment-response
#1
Patricia Cordero-Ruiz, Isabel Carmona-Soria, Manuel Rodríguez-Téllez, Angel Caunedo-Alvarez, Roberto H Quezada-Pacheco, Alexander Flores-Cucho, Manuel Romero-Gómez, Ángel Vilches-Arenas
BACKGROUND AND GOALS: The slow progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection requires long observation periods to detect clinical changes. We compare the incidence of clinical events, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), overall mortality, liver-related mortality, and fibrosis progression between patients with a sustained virological response (SVR) and nonresponders (NR) after a 13-year follow-up period. STUDY: One hundred and eighty-two CHC patients, who received interferon and ribavirin treatment between 1996 and 2000, were included...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430699/clinical-experience-and-diagnostic-algorithm-of-vulval-crohn-s-disease
#2
Lotte Boxhoorn, Tom J Stoof, Tim de Meij, Frank Hoentjen, Bas Oldenburg, Gerd Bouma, Mark Löwenberg, Adriaan A van Bodegraven, Nanne K H de Boer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Vulval Crohn's disease (VCD) is a rare extraintestinal cutaneous manifestation of Crohn's disease. No consensus on the diagnostic workup and therapeutic management of this condition has been provided in the current literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre descriptive case series of female patients diagnosed and treated with VCD. By chart review, data on initial symptoms, clinical courses, histologic findings and therapeutic management were collected...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418985/it-s-time-to-ponder
#3
Jaya Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418984/anger-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-anrs-co13-hepavih
#4
Fabienne Marcellin, Camelia Protopopescu, Laure Esterle, Linda Wittkop, Lionel Piroth, Hugues Aumaitre, Olivier Bouchaud, Cécile Goujard, Daniel Vittecoq, François Dabis, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Maria P Carrieri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the relationship between anger dimensions (state, trait, expression, and control) and quality of life (QoL) in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH French national cohort. Anger and QoL were assessed using self-administered questionnaires in 536 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Correlations between anger scores (STAXI-2 scale) and QoL scores (WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale) were assessed using Spearman's coefficients...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410353/post-colonoscopy-colorectal-cancers-in-sweden-room-for-quality-improvement
#5
Anna Forsberg, Ulf Hammar, Anders Ekbom, Rolf Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer (PCCRC), a cancer occurring within a short interval of a colonoscopy, might be partly explained as missed or incompletely resected lesions. Associated risk factors are age, sex, comorbidity, cancer location, and colonoscopy volume. There is a gap in the knowledge of prevalence of PCCRC and the impact of different risk factors in Sweden. METHODS: This is a retrospective population-based observational cohort study of the colonoscopies performed on adults during the years 2001-2010 that were identified from Swedish health registers...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410352/small-bowel-mucosal-healing-assessment-by-capsule-endoscopy-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-clinical-remission-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yaron Niv
Capsule endoscopy (CE) may be used for the evaluation and follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease. CE scores correspond to the degree of mucosal inflammation, a major therapeutic target. The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review was to determine whether mucosal healing assessment by CE may serve as a predictor of clinical remission in patients with Crohn's disease. To identify observational or controlled English-language full-text studies assessing mucosal healing by CE in patients with Crohn's disease up to 30 September 2016, we searched PubMed, Embase, Central, Medline, and Scopus using the key words 'mucosal healing' and 'capsule endoscopy'...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410351/viral-dynamics-among-hepatitis-c-virus-chronic-infected-patients-during-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-therapy-impact-for-monitoring-and-optimizing-treatment-duration
#7
Andres Tabernilla, Marta Grandal, Berta Pernas, Angeles Castro-Iglesias, Iria Rodríguez-Osorio, Alvaro Mena, Manuel Delgado, Purificacion Cid, Jose D Pedreira, Eva Poveda
OBJECTIVES: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have provided an ultimate treatment duration of 12 weeks for most hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. The opportunity to reduce treatment duration to 6 or 8 weeks is being evaluated. Here, the HCV viral dynamics at short times during HCV therapies and its implications for monitoring and optimizing treatment duration have been assessed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: HCV chronic infected patients who began HCV therapy (March 2014 to June 2015) at a reference hospital of the Northwest of Spain were selected...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403124/association-between-oral-hygiene-and-ultrasound-confirmed-gallstone-disease-in-us-population
#8
Sanjay Bhandari, Madhavi Reddy, Ghulamullah Shahzad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403123/influence-of-genetic-variations-in-the-sod1-gene-on-the-development-of-ascites-and-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-in-decompensated-liver-cirrhosis
#9
Sebastian Schwab, Jennifer Lehmann, Philipp Lutz, Christian Jansen, Beate Appenrodt, Frank Lammert, Christian P Strassburg, Ulrich Spengler, Hans-Dieter Nischalke, Jonel Trebicka
BACKGROUND: The balance between generation and elimination of reactive oxygen species by superoxide dismutase (SOD) is crucially involved in the pathophysiology of liver cirrhosis. Reactive oxygen species damage cells and induce inflammation/fibrosis, but also play a critical role in immune defense from pathogens. As both processes are involved in the development of liver cirrhosis and its complications, genetic variation of the SOD1 gene was investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two SOD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1041740 and rs3844942) were analyzed in 49 cirrhotic patients undergoing liver transplantation...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379854/clinical-usefulness-of-controlled-attenuation-parameter-to-screen-hepatic-steatosis-for-potential-donor-of-living-donor-liver-transplant
#10
Young Mi Hong, Ki Tae Yoon, Mong Cho, Chong Woo Chu, Je Ho Rhu, Kwang Ho Yang, Jun Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic steatosis is associated with an increased risk of graft loss. Although the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), a process based on transient elastography, has been suggested as a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis, to date, there is no study on the usefulness of CAP as a single screening tool for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential living donor liver. We evaluated the accuracy of CAP for detecting hepatic steatosis in potential liver donors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All potential donors of living-donor liver transplantation who underwent a CAP assessment and ultrasonography-guided liver biopsy were enrolled...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346233/clinical-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-direct-acting-antivirals-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#11
Jagannath M Sherigar, Vijay Gayam, Arifa Khan, Osama Mukhtar, Yavgeniy Arefiev, Mazin Khalid, Imran Siddiqui, Ayyappa M Rangaraju, Nibash Budhathoki, Mohammed Mansour, Debra Guss, Smruti R Mohanty
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence-based data on aged patients with newer direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and with shorter duration of treatment regimens involving DAAs with or without ribavirin (RBV) and pegylated interferon (Peg IFN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 240 patients treated with DAAs with or without Peg IFN and RBV between January 2013 and July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups: patients aged 65 years and older (N=84) and patients aged younger than 65 years (N=156)...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338499/development-of-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-cognitive-affective-scale-a-brief-self-report-measure-for-clinical-and-research-settings
#12
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
OBJECTIVES: Measures of cognitive-affective processes believed to underlie Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptom expression are used widely in both clinical and research settings. When combined, these measures can be time-consuming and it is not clear whether they evaluate distinct or overlapping constructs. With this study, we seek to identify the most critical cognitive-affective components contributing toward the expression of IBS and to identify which items in these constructs might be streamlined into a single, brief self-report measure...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328620/ledipasvir-and-sofosbuvir-combination-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-three-patients-aged-85-years-and-older
#13
Fanpu Ji, Changyin Tian, Zongfang Li, Hong Deng, Mindie H Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328619/evaluation-of-o6-methylguanine-dna-methyltransferase-as-a-predicting-factor-of-response-to-temozolomide-based-chemotherapy-in-well-differentiated-metastatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#14
Paul Girot, Clotilde Dumars, Jean-François Mosnier, Léa Muzellec, Hélène Senellart, Fanny Foubert, François-Xavier Caroli-Bosc, Estelle Cauchin, Nicolas Regenet, Tamara Matysiak-Budnik, Yann Touchefeu
OBJECTIVE: Temozolomide (TMZ) is an alkylating agent frequently used in well-differentiated metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) with very variable responses. O-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair enzyme whose loss of expression has been suggested to be predictive of response to TMZ in various human tumors. We evaluated the predictive value of MGMT status, assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and methylation-specific PCR (MS-PCR), in well-differentiated metastatic PNETs treated by a TMZ-based chemotherapy...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328618/clinical-implications-of-antimitochondrial-antibody-seropositivity-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-multicentre-study
#15
Paolo Muratori, Cumali Efe, Luigi Muratori, Ersan Ozaslan, Thomas Schiano, Eric M Yoshida, Alexandra Heurgué-Berlot, Claudine Lalanne, Marco Lenzi, Staffan Wahlin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) positivity is the serological marker of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), but can also be sporadically detected in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Little is known about the clinical significance of AMA in AIH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 47 AMA-positive AIH cases from several centres and compared them with 264 well-characterized Italian AIH patients. Cases with any features of PBC were excluded. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, AMA-positive AIH patients were older (46 vs...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272093/elevated-procalcitonin-is-associated-with-bacterial-infection-during-acute-liver-failure-only-when-unrelated-to-acetaminophen-intoxication
#16
Maxime Mallet, Maela Haq, Simona Tripon, Maguy Bernard, Hedi Benosman, Dominique Thabut, Marika Rudler
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) in predicting bacterial infection and survival without transplantation upon admission in the ICU for acute liver failure (ALF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2009 until October 2015, all cases of ALF patients admitted in our ICU were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study if the PCT level upon admission was available. Patients with pre-existing liver pathology or ALF in a context of already advanced multiorgan failure were excluded...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252463/colorectal-cancer-diagnosed-during-pregnancy-systematic-review-and-treatment-pathways
#17
Gianluca Pellino, Constantinos Simillis, Christos Kontovounisios, Daniel L Baird, Stella Nikolaou, Oliver Warren, Paris P Tekkis, Shahnawaz Rasheed
The aim of this study was to identify the mode of presentation and incidence of colorectal cancer in pregnancy (CRC-p), assess the outcomes of the mother and foetus according to gestational age, treatment delivered and cancer features and location. A systematic review of the literature was carried out to identify studies reporting on CRC-p and pooled analysis of the reported data. Seventy-nine papers reporting on 119 patients with unequivocal CRC-p were included. The calculated pooled risk is 0.002% and age at diagnosis has decreased over time...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252462/the-prevalence-of-viral-agents-in-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-and-barrett-s-esophagus-a-systematic-review
#18
Andrew T Kunzmann, Suzanne Graham, Charlene M McShane, James Doyle, Massimo Tommasino, Brian Johnston, Jackie Jamison, Jacqueline A James, Damian McManus, Lesley A Anderson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Human papilloma virus (HPV), which may reach the esophagus through orogenital transmission, has been postulated to be associated with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). A systematic review of the literature investigating the prevalence of infectious agents in EAC and Barrett's esophagus (BE) was carried out. METHODS: Using terms for viruses and EAC, the Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched for studies published, in any language, until June 2016 that assessed the prevalence of viral agents in EAC or BE...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240613/the-benefit-of-statins-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Yi-Xiang Zheng, Peng-Cheng Zhou, Rong-Rong Zhou, Xue-Gong Fan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Besides regulating lipid metabolism, statins have garnered considerable interest because of their antiviral and antineoplastic properties. The potential benefit of statins using in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients is not well described. This meta-analysis was carried out to quantitatively assess the efficacy of statins in improving the therapeutic effect and prognosis of patients with CHC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched electronic databases for relevant studies comparing the course of benefit in CHC patients with statins versus without statins...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234637/prevalence-of-naturally-occurring-protease-inhibitor-resistance-associated-variants-in-hemodialysis-and-renal-transplant-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#20
Rita C F Tavares, Ana C C A Feldner, João R R Pinho, Silvia N O Uehara, Christini T Emori, Roberto J Carvalho-Filho, Ivonete S S Silva, Rúbia A F Santana, Vanessa F D de Castro, Gregório T F Castoli, Charliana U Cristovão, Maria L C G Ferraz
Background NS3 protease inhibitors (PIs) were the first direct antiviral agents used for the treatment of hepatitis C virus. The combination of second-wave PIs with other direct antiviral agents enabled the use of interferon-free regimens for chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis and renal transplant (RTx) recipients, populations in which the use of interferon and ribavirin is limited. However, the occurrence of PI resistance-associated variants (RAVs), both baseline and induced by therapy, has resulted in the failure of many treatment strategies...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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