journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Rheumatology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632503/the-catastrophic-antiphospholipid-syndrome-in-children
#1
Ellen J L Go, Kathleen M O'Neil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the difficult syndrome of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome, emphasizing new developments in the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Few recent publications directly address pediatric catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS). Most articles are case reports or are data from adult and pediatric registries. The major factors contributing to most pediatric catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome include infection and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, but complement activation also is important in creating diffuse thrombosis in the microcirculation...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604422/no-shortcuts-new-findings-reinforce-why-nuance-is-the-rule-in-genetic-autoinflammatory-syndromes
#2
Paul Tsoukas, Scott W Canna
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Practitioners dazed by the evolving concept of autoinflammation are in good company. Despite the clinical challenges autoinflammatory patients present, their study has been fundamental to our understanding of basic human inflammation. This review will focus on the ways in which recent discoveries in genetically mediated autoinflammation broaden and refine the concept. RECENT FINDINGS: Major developments in pyrin inflammasome biology, defective ubiquitination, and the hyperferritinemic syndromes will be highlighted...
June 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582319/osteoporosis-in-childhood
#3
Francesco Vierucci, Giuseppe Saggese, Rolando Cimaz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to highlight recent findings in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric osteoporosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Several genes are involved in bone mass acquisition, and various monogenic bone disorders characterized by reduced bone mineral density and increased bone fragility have been recently described. Moreover, many chronic diseases and/or their treatment have been associated with impaired bone mass acquisition. Pediatric osteoporosis should be adequately suspected and properly diagnosed in children at risk of fractures...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582318/recent-advances-in-childhood-vasculitis
#4
Seza Ozen, Nazire Pinar Acar-Ozen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to summarize the recent findings in vasculitis that may have an impact in our understanding or management of these diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: We are learning more about monogenic diseases that closely mimic the pediatric vasculitides. Deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 can present with a polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)-like picture and should be included in the differential of all pediatric cases of PAN with a family history or in cases with early stroke, or in cases resistant to conventional therapy...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570283/novel-insights-of-micrornas-in-the-development-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
Xiong Le, Xiang Yu, Nan Shen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a brief overview of recent progress in microRNA biogenesis and homeostasis, its function in immune system and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), as well as successful microRNA-based therapy in vivo. RECENT FINDINGS: Stepwise microRNA biogenesis is elaborately regulated at multiple levels, ranging from transcription to ultimate function. Mature microRNAs have inhibitory effects on various biological molecules, which are crucial for stabilizing and normalizing differentiation and function of immune cells...
May 31, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557837/unraveling-the-pathogenesis-of-periodic-fever-aphthous-stomatitis-pharyngitis-and-cervical-adenitis-through-genetic-immunologic-and-microbiologic-discoveries-an-update
#6
Kalpana Manthiram, Sivia Lapidus, Kathryn Edwards
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome is considered the most common periodic fever syndrome of childhood. Although it was first described three decades ago, the pathogenesis has been poorly understood. Recent studies on the heritability and immunology of the disorder have begun to shed light into the mechanisms of this autoinflammatory disorder. This review will focus on the pathogenesis of PFAPA, especially as it pertains to the genetic susceptibility, tonsillar immunology, and the role of the microbiome...
May 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538014/precision-medicine-in-pediatric-rheumatology
#7
Joo Guan Yeo, Chin Teck Ng, Salvatore Albani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Precision medicine is the tailoring of medical care to subcategories of disease. In pediatric rheumatology, these subcategories must first be defined by their specific molecular immunological profiles, and then the effects of growth and puberty, developmental immunological changes, and differences in treatment options and adherence considered when designing therapeutic strategies. In the present review, we summarize the unmet needs in pediatric rheumatology before such precision medical care can be effectively delivered to affected patients...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538013/update-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Gabriella Giancane, Alessandra Alongi, Angelo Ravelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of recently published studies on pathogenesis and management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). RECENT FINDINGS: In the past year, the potential role of network analysis in the understanding of the molecular phenotype of individual JIA subgroups has been highlighted. In addition, potential new targets for pharmacologic interventions have been identified through the elucidation of mechanisms that modulate the function of cells involved in the inflammatory process...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538012/antiphospholipid-syndrome-an-update-for-clinicians-and-scientists
#9
Andrew P Vreede, Paula L Bockenstedt, Jason S Knight
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a leading acquired cause of thrombosis and pregnancy loss. Upon diagnosis (which is unlikely to be made until at least one morbid event has occurred), anticoagulant medications are typically prescribed in an attempt to prevent future events. This approach is not uniformly effective and does not prevent associated autoimmune and inflammatory complications. The goal of this review is to update clinicians and scientists on mechanistic and clinically relevant studies from the past 18 months, which have especially focused on inflammatory aspects of APS pathophysiology...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537986/an-update-on-lupus-animal-models
#10
Wei Li, Anton A Titov, Laurence Morel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The complexity and heterogeneity of the clinical presentation in systemic lupus of erythematosus (SLE), combined to the inherent limitations of clinical research, have made it difficult to investigate the cause of this disease directly in patients. Various mouse models have been developed to dissect the cellular and genetic mechanisms of SLE, as well as to identify therapeutic targets and to screen treatments. The purpose of this review is to summarize the major spontaneous and induced mouse models of SLE and to provide an update on the major advances they have contributed to the field...
May 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520683/socioeconomic-consequences-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Megan R W Barber, Ann E Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review addresses recent literature investigating the socioeconomic consequences of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We highlight the latest updates on health disparities affecting the SLE population, the direct and indirect economic costs of the disease, and less quantifiable costs such as reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RECENT FINDINGS: Health disparities continue to exist among socially disadvantaged populations, including African Americans, Hispanics, and patients with decreased educational attainment and in poverty...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520682/progress-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-cardiac-manifestations-of-neonatal-lupus
#12
Peter Izmirly, Amit Saxena, Jill P Buyon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide new insights into pathogenesis, prevention and management of cardiac manifestations of neonatal lupus (cardiac neonatal lupus) and issues pertinent to all anti-SSA/Ro positive individuals of childbearing age. RECENT FINDINGS: Antibody specificity with high risk for cardiac neonatal lupus remains elusive, but high titers of Ro60, Ro52 or Ro52p200 antibodies appear to be required. Varying antibody specificities to the p200 region of Ro52 can induce first-degree block in a rodent model...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509669/genetic-advances-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-update
#13
Lingyan Chen, David L Morris, Timothy J Vyse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: More than 80 susceptibility loci are now reported to show robust genetic association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The differential functional effects of the risk alleles for the majority of these loci remain to be defined. Here, we review current SLE association findings and the recent progress in the annotation of noncoding regions of the human genome as well as the new technologies and statistical methods that can be applied to further the understanding of SLE genetics...
May 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463872/vitamin-d-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-ongoing-mystery
#14
Nicola L Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Shana G Neumann, Michael Simon, Stav B Brown, Arsalan Abu Much, Adam Harari, Shmuel Tiosano, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the value of vitamin D and its effects on autoimmunity. The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge on the association between vitamin D and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in terms of prevalence, disease activity, clinical expression, serology and gene polymorphisms of vitamin D receptors. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown contrasting findings concerning the association between vitamin D levels and RA...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426444/fracture-liaison-services
#15
Karine Briot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to report the evidence of beneficial effects of Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) including data regarding their impact on subsequent fracture, mortality risk and cost-effectiveness. This review also discusses the limitations of these data and the challenges faced during the implementation of FLS. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies showed the beneficial impact of implementation of FLS on the prevention of subsequent fracture risk, reduced mortality and cost-effectiveness...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422773/infections-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Fabiola Atzeni, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Manuela di Franco, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update concerning recent advances in the evidence- based study of serious infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with biological drugs or conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), concentrating on studies published in the last 18 months. RECENT FINDINGS: New studies have further strengthened existing evidence relating the use of biological drugs to serious infections...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394827/fibromyalgia-a-missed-comorbidity-in-spondyloarthritis-prevalence-and-impact-on-assessment-and-treatment
#17
Philip J Mease
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia is a clinical representation of the neurobiological phenomenon of central sensitization, characterized by chronic widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and other symptoms. Fibromyalgia may occur in conjunction with chronic rheumatic diseases, driven by the effects of chronic pain and inflammation and likely influenced by the patient's genetic and psychoemotional background. This article reviews the data on prevalence of concomitant fibromyalgia and its impact on disease assessment in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA)...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394826/osteoporosis-in-premenopausal-women
#18
Bente L Langdahl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The scope of this review was to review the newest developments in the context of the existing knowledge on premenopausal bone fragility. Fragility fractures are common in postmenopausal women and men and diagnostic criteria for osteoporosis have been agreed and multiple pharmacological treatments have been developed over the last 25 years. In premenopausal women, fragility fractures and very low bone mass are uncommon and osteoporosis in premenopausal women has therefore attracted much less interest...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394825/body-composition-assessment-in-the-prediction-of-osteoporotic-fractures
#19
Mélany Hars, Andrea Trombetti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an overview of recent research findings and insights on the role of body composition assessment in fracture risk prediction. RECENT FINDINGS: While there is to date little doubt that bone mineral density (BMD) is a main pathogenic factor of osteoporotic fractures, recent studies have emphasized the independent contribution of body composition components, especially lean mass, to fracture risk. In this article, we address body composition changes with aging, before to focus on recent studies addressing the contribution of lean and fat mass to fracture risk, together with some hypothesized mechanisms and clinical implications...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394824/from-microbiome-to-infectome-in-autoimmunity
#20
Dimitrios P Bogdanos, Lazaros I Sakkas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review discusses the pros and cons of the microbiome studies conducted in search of the association between microbiota and autoimmunity. RECENT FINDINGS: We focus on the role of infectome and autoinfectome as a bridge to link the findings of microbiome studies with those emerging from investigations of the role of specific viruses and antiviral responses as triggers of autoimmunity (through various mechanisms such as molecular mimicry)...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
journal
journal
30327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"