journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Opinion in Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525405/making-the-connection-the-mental-health-needs-of-adolescents
#1
Sarah Pitts, Sara Forman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525404/growth-hormone-treatment-for-growth-hormone-deficiency-and-idiopathic-short-stature-new-guidelines-shaped-by-the-presence-and-absence-of-evidence
#2
Adda Grimberg, David B Allen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Pediatric Endocrine Society recently published new guidelines for the use of human growth hormone (hGH) and human insulin-like growth factor-I (hIGF-I) treatment for growth hormone deficiency, idiopathic short stature, and primary IGF-I deficiency in children and adolescents. This review places the new guidelines in historical contexts of the life cycle of hGH and the evolution of US health care, and highlights their future implications. RECENT FINDINGS: The new hGH guidelines, the first to be created by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach, are more conservative than their predecessors...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525403/genetic-diseases-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-skin-cancer-development-in-childhood
#3
Alexander L Fogel, Kavita Y Sarin, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood skin cancers are relatively rare and may indicate an underlying genetic disorder. The increasing elucidation of genetic pathways is changing the diagnosis and management of genetic skin cancer susceptibility syndromes. In this review, we provide an overview of genetic conditions that predispose to skin cancer development in childhood and signs that providers should assess when evaluating affected individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: In basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), the patched2 (PTCH2) and suppressor of fused (SUFU) genes have been implicated in disease pathogenesis...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525402/diagnosis-and-management-of-allergic-contact-dermatitis-in-children-common-allergens-that-can-be-easily-missed
#4
Sharon E Jacob, Nikoleta Brankov, Alastair Kerr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Contact dermatitis is an economically burdensome pediatric disease, and it is important to know the top allergens that have remained as top offenders for over the last decade. RECENT FINDINGS: A comparative analysis of the 20-allergen screen was done against the current top 40 pediatric allergens, and it revealed that the 20-allergen screening series would have theoretically only captured 47.5% of the relevant contact allergens (52.5% failure to detect rate)...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520584/eating-disorders-and-bone-metabolism-in-women
#5
Lauren Robinson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating Disorders are psychiatric disorders associated with a high risk for low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. Low BMD is a consequence of undernutrition, changes in body composition, and hormonal alterations. This review summarizes recent findings regarding novel strategies for assessing bone outcomes in patients with eating disorders, factors contributing to altered bone metabolism, and possible therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging research in this field suggests that not only anorexia nervosa, but also bulimia nervosa results in lower BMD compared to controls...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509784/pharmacotherapy-options-for-pediatric-diabetes
#6
Maria Loredana Marcovecchio, Francesco Chiarelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are frequent conditions during childhood and adolescence. The present review offers an update on current available treatment strategies for T1D and T2D approved for use in children and adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Insulin remains the main and essential therapeutic strategy in youth with T1D. A second generation of insulin analogues is being evaluated and could help in improving glycemic control...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509783/the-evaluation-of-adolescent-chest-pain-a-screening-ecg-or-psc-17
#7
Patricia E Acra, María T Pérez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review offers an update on entities presenting as chest pain in the adolescent population. It discusses recently proposed tools and shared mental models used in primary and urgent care settings to evaluate chest pain, and their focus on identifying life-threatening processes. We consider whether the current practice may be improved by accounting for the increasingly recognized non-life-threatening causes of adolescent chest pain. RECENT FINDINGS: The present experiences and behaviors of adolescents have added new causes of chest pain to the work-up of this disquieting chief complaint...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509782/an-update-on-the-impact-of-food-allergy-on-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#8
Marcus S Shaker, Jonathan Schwartz, Morgan Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergies have become more common, and management involves dietary avoidance that can impair quality of life. Patients and families must manage the daily risk of anaphylaxis at each meal. The purpose of this review is to describe the impact of food allergies on quality of life and to provide an update on new developments in food allergy management, particularly peanut allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy requires careful avoidance of common and ubiquitous dietary allergens...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383342/the-children-s-health-exposure-analysis-resource-enabling-research-into-the-environmental-influences-on-children-s-health-outcomes
#9
David M Balshaw, Gwen W Collman, Kimberly A Gray, Claudia L Thompson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Children's Health Exposure Analysis Resource (CHEAR) is a new infrastructure supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to expand the ability of children's health researchers to include analysis of environmental exposures in their research and to incorporate the emerging concept of the exposome. RECENT FINDINGS: There is extensive discussion of the potential of the exposome to advance understanding of the totality of environmental influences on human health...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379928/impact-of-multidisciplinary-teams-for-management-of-intestinal-failure-in-children
#10
Christina Belza, Paul W Wales
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature related to the impact of an intestinal rehabilitation program (IRP) on the management of intestinal failure in children. RECENT FINDINGS: As publication of a systematic review of pediatric IRPs in 2013, there have been four publications further describing the impact of IRPs in children with intestinal failure. The results continue to support an improvement in survival and enteral autonomy, and a decrease in complications related to liver dysfunction, central venous catheters, and transplantation...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379927/grandparents-raising-grandchildren-a-primer-for-pediatricians
#11
William Ge, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide clinicians with a review of key considerations relating to the physical and behavioral well-being of children raised by their grandparents. RECENT FINDINGS: As the number of children being raised by their grandparents in the United States steadily increases, the needs of these families require greater attention. These children and their custodial grandparents face unique health, social, legal, and financial challenges. Children being raised by their grandparents are at higher risk for developmental and behavioral problems because of prior or current adverse family environments...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362667/implementation-strategies-in-pediatric-neurocritical-care
#12
Christopher Markham, Enola K Proctor, Jose A Pineda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Brain-directed critical care for children is a relatively new area of subspecialization in pediatric critical care. Pediatric neurocritical care teams combine the expertise of neurology, neurosurgery, and critical care medicine. The positive impact of delivering specialized care to pediatric patients with acute neurological illness is becoming more apparent, but the optimum way to implement and sustain the delivery of this is complicated and poorly understood. We aim to provide emerging evidence supporting that effective implementation of pediatric neurocritical care pathways can improve patient survival and outcomes...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346272/influenza-in-children
#13
Janienne Kondrich, Michele Rosenthal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the current information and evidence available on the global burden of disease in the pediatric population, clinical presentation and complications, testing, treatment, and immunization. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to multiple other risk factors for influenza complications, children with neurologic and neuromuscular disorders are significantly higher risk for serious complications. In practice, there is no lower age limit for children with influenza who can be treated with oseltamivir...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338489/pediatric-pulmonary-medicine-then-and-next
#14
David N Cornfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338488/respiratory-complications-management-and-treatments-for-neuromuscular-disease-in-children
#15
MyMy C Buu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize current literature describing the respiratory complications of neuromuscular disease (NMD) and the effect of respiratory interventions and to explore new gene therapies for patients with NMD. RECENT FINDINGS: Measurements of respiratory function focus on vital capacity and maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure and show decline over time. Management of respiratory complications includes lung volume recruitment, mechanical insufflation-exsufflation, chest physiotherapy and assisted ventilation...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338487/the-evolution-of-disease-chronic-lung-disease-of-infancy-and-pulmonary-hypertension
#16
Michael C Tracy, David N Cornfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or chronic lung disease of infancy BPD was originally described 50 years ago, in 1967 by Northway et al. This article possesses two fundamental objectives to provide: a brief historical perspective on BPD; and an update relative to current notions of epidemiology, pathophysiology, evaluation, and clinical management of BPD complicated by vascular disease. The review highlights areas of consensus and ongoing uncertainty. RECENT FINDINGS: The clinical cause and presentation of infants with BPD has evolved over the past several decades...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333695/pulmonary-manifestations-of-rheumatologic-diseases
#17
Michal Cidon, Manvi Bansal, Dominik Hartl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review intends to provide an overview of the diversity and complexity of pulmonary manifestations of rheumatologic diseases and gaps in knowledge to effectively manage them. RECENT FINDINGS: Diffuse lung disease in children with rheumatologic diseases represents a heterogeneous group of autoimmune disorders. Despite their significant morbidity and mortality, we have limited understanding about their pathogenesis. Here, we provide an overview of the pathophysiology and current management approach of these disorders, highlighting tools which assist with diagnosis, risk stratification and therapy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333694/high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-beyond-the-perinatal-period
#18
Michael Lee, Joshua Nagler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is emerging as a means of oxygen delivery and respiratory support for a range of conditions outside the perinatal period. We aim to review the mechanisms of action and advantages of HFNC and to summarize current findings regarding clinical benefit in specific pediatric disease processes and in patients with significant respiratory distress. RECENT FINDINGS: Currently published studies outside the neonatal population demonstrate both safety and efficacy of this mode of respiratory support...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333693/pediatric-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease
#19
Cathleen M Courtney, Brad W Warner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide updates on the definition, pathophysiology, treatment, and prevention of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) that are relevant to care of pediatric patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Current literature emphasizes the multifactorial nature of IFALD. The pathogenesis is still largely unknown; however, molecular pathways have been identified. Key to these pathways are proinflammatory cytokines involved in hepatic inflammation and bile acids synthesis such as Toll-like receptor 4 and farnesoid X receptor, respectively...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323667/central-venous-access-in-children-indications-devices-and-risks
#20
Guillermo Ares, Catherine J Hunter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Central venous catheters (CVCs) have a prominent role in the diagnostic and therapy of neonates and children. Herein, we describe the multiple indications for CVC use and the different devices available for central venous access. Given the prevalent use of CVCs, healthcare systems are focused on reducing complications from their use, particularly central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). The most up-to-date information available sheds light on best practices and future areas of investigation...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
journal
journal
30326
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"